Captain (sports)

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Iker Casillas, as captain of the Spain national football team, wearing a captaincy armband on his left arm Iker Casillas Euro 2012 final 03.jpg
Iker Casillas, as captain of the Spain national football team, wearing a captaincy armband on his left arm
Connor McDavid, as captain of the Edmonton Oilers, wearing a captaincy patch on the chest of his jersey Connor McDavid 2-FEB-2022.jpg
Connor McDavid, as captain of the Edmonton Oilers, wearing a captaincy patch on the chest of his jersey

In team sport, captain is a title given to a member of the team. The title is frequently honorary, but in some cases the captain may have significant responsibility for strategy and teamwork while the game is in progress on the field. In either case, it is a position that indicates honor and respect from one's teammates – recognition as a leader by one's peers. In association football and cricket, a captain is also known as a skipper. [1]


Various sports have differing roles and responsibilities for team captains. Depending on the sport, team captains may be given the responsibility of interacting with game officials regarding application and interpretation of the rules. In many team sports, the captains represent their respective teams when the match official does the coin toss at the beginning of the game.

The team captain, in some sports, is selected by the team coach, who may consider factors ranging from playing ability to leadership to serving as a good moral example to the team. [2] Coaches may also choose to change team captains from time to time, or to have a rotation of team captains. [2]

Some of the greatest captains in history are the ones with the most subtle of traits that are required for success. From Sam Walker in his book The Captain Class he states that a captain is "the most important factor for a team's success". [3]

Responsibilities of a captain

The responsibilities of a captain vary from sport to sport, but overall help determine the game. In sports like cricket or volleyball, the decision for the two teams to be on either offence or defense is determined with a coin toss and a decision made by the captains. This decision is often strategically made depending on how the coin lands, since it can negatively or positively affect the outcome of a game depending on whether a given team starts on offence or defence.

A captain is also the first one a referee looks to while explaining the results of a play or giving a foul, or flag. Oftentimes a referee will not discuss these matters with any other player than a captain or a coach. This is important because the reaction of the captain may or may not determine how the referee will proceed. A captain must stay calm and cool headed when talking with a referee to ensure the most accurate determinants of the game.

Depending on the sport, a captain will have different responsibilities. For example, a captain of a basketball team must be the one to conduct the offense and be one of the most verbal on defense. In the NBA a captain will be the one to talk during interviews and also be the first one to be looked at after a poor performance. In basketball the captain can be substituted out of the game and there does not need to be an active captain on the court at all times, but in association football a captain must be on the field at all times. Usually the "Captain Band" will be passed to a player with similar seniority to the team when the captain is substituted out of the game.

Although these responsibilities may vary from sport to sport, most responsibilities stay the same. When a team's performance is poor, one of the first individuals that fans, analysts, and other teams look at are the captains of that specific team.

See also

Captains of specific sports

Related Research Articles

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Coin flipping</span> Practice of throwing a coin in the air to choose between two alternatives

Coin flipping, coin tossing, or heads or tails is the practice of throwing a coin in the air and checking which side is showing when it lands, in order to randomly choose between two alternatives, heads or tails, sometimes used to resolve a dispute between two parties. It is a form of sortition which inherently has two possible outcomes. The party who calls the side that is facing up when the coin lands wins.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Captain (association football)</span> Team captain of a football team

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Toss (cricket)</span> Coin flip to determine which team bats first

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Penalty cards are used in many sports as a means of warning, reprimanding or penalising a player, coach or team official. Penalty cards are most commonly used by referees or umpires to indicate that a player has committed an offence. The official will hold the card above their head while looking or pointing toward the player who has committed the offence. This action makes the decision clear to all players, as well as spectators and other officials in a manner that is language-neutral. The colour or shape of the card used by the official indicates the type or seriousness of the offence and the level of punishment that is to be applied. Yellow and red cards are the most common, typically indicating, respectively, cautions and dismissals.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Unsportsmanlike conduct</span> Penalty or foul caused by poor behavior by an athletic participant

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Captain (Australian rules football)</span> Leader of an Australian rules football team

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  1. ""skipper" Definitions". Wordnik. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  2. 1 2 "Oy, oy captain! Picking captains can give coaches headaches". USA Today. August 19, 2017.
  3. "Forget charisma and skill — the captains of the best teams in sports history shared 7 subtle traits". Business Insider. Retrieved 2018-05-01.