|Number of teams||16|
|Related competitions|| Indian Super League |
I-League 2nd Division
|Current champions|| Gokulam Kerala |
|Most successful team(s)|| East Bengal |
(16 titles each)
|Television broadcasters|| Star Sports, DD Sports (live telecast) |
Hotstar, Addatimes (online streaming)
|2019 Durand Cup|
The Durand Football Tournament or Durand Cup is a football competition in India which was first held in 1888 in Annadale, Shimla.It is co-hosted by the Durand Football Tournament Society (DFTS) and Osians. The Tournament is the oldest existing football tournament in Asia.
The Tournament is named after its founder, Sir Mortimer Durand, Foreign Secretary in charge of India from 1884 to 1894. Sir Mortimer was recuperating from illness at the leading hill station of British India, Simla in northern India. Having become conscious of the value of sport as a means to maintain health, he decided to present a prize to encourage sporting competition in India. At first it was effectively an Army cup, and largely the preserve of the British Indian Army troops in India, but over the years it widened its appeal and opened up to civilian teams, until it became a more open and conventional sporting contest. It is now one of the leading prizes in Indian football. The final major administrative change was when the Army passed on the actual running of the Tournament to a civilian administration in 2006. The Army presence is maintained by the participation of several military teams, including Army Green, which won the competition as recently as 2016.
The Durand Tournament was initially a military affair, open to the Army in India: the British Army, the regular Indian Army and other Indian military units, such as Provincial frontier-security regiments and the Volunteer regiments of the reserves. In practice, however, the Indian Army traditionally preferred field hockey to football, a fact which has been evident from the Indian and Pakistani dominance of that sport in international events such as the Olympics. The exception to this tradition were the Nepalese men of the Brigade of Gurkhas. Initially, this tended to leave the field open to the British Army until football's popularity took hold and it became the more universal sport it is today. After the Second World War, the British Army left India and the tournament was opened to non-military teams to maintain the level of competition.
The initial matches were played in Dagshai, which is actually a short distance outside Simla. The inaugural Final of the Tournament, in 1888, was a Scottish derby, with the first name on the trophy being the Royal Scots Fusiliers, who beat the Highland Light Infantry with a score of 2–1. The Durand Cup has been suspended twice, due to the two World Wars.
In 1940 the venue was transferred to New Delhi, and it is now held at the Ambedkar Stadium in the city. Following India's independence in 1947, the tournament was hosted by the Indian Army, with Durand Football Tournament Society being headed by three Service Chiefs.
The most successful teams are currently East Bengal and Mohun Bagan, accounting for no less 32 cup victories over the years, with 16 wins each. With the eclipse of high-profile teams from Hyderabad, since 1970 the Durand Cup has been won mostly by teams from Kolkata, such as East Bengal and Mohun Bagan, or from the Punjab, such as the Border Security Force and JCT Mills. Mohun Bagan also won the first title of the new Millennium. In recent years, however, Goa has also produced a run of winning form. In 1997 a team from the south won for the first time, thanks to FC Kochin. In 2002 for the first time a team from Mumbai won a repeat victory, when Mahindra United won its second title, following its 1998 win. In 2003 Goa matched this feat, when Salgaocar added to its 1999 victory. In 2005 another Goan side, Sporting Clube de Goa, missed the title by a whisker when the Army XI produced an upset to win, but the following year was undeniably Goan when a third Goan team, Dempo S.C., thrashed JCT 2–0 in the 2006 finals. Recent seasons has been dominated by yet another Goan team: Churchill Brothers. They won the tournament three times: in 2007, 2009 and 2011, and narrowly missed a hat-trick, as runners-up in 2008; they were also runners-up in 2001–02.
The winning team is presented with three trophies: The President’s Cup (first presented by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India); the Durand Cup (the original challenge prize, which is a rolling trophy); and the Shimla Trophy (first presented by citizens of Shimla in 1904 and, since 1965, a rolling trophy).
Despite being the de facto Indian counterpart to the FA Cup in England [ citation needed ], its winners do not qualify for Asian Football Confederation tournaments. The I-League and Federation Cup (League Cup) are the only ways to qualify for the Asian cup.
India's armed forces deserve credit for keeping the Durand Cup tradition alive over the decades. In 2006, Osians, the art house, took over the running and management of the Durand Cup. Prize money, TV coverage and the quality of the football souvenirs produced have improved dramatically[ citation needed ].
|1888||Royal Scots Fusiliers||2–1||Highland Light Infantry|
|1889||Highland Light Infantry||8–1||Simla Rifles (2nd Punjab Volunteer Rifle Corps)|
|1890||Highland Light Infantry||2–0||Royal Irish Fusiliers|
|1891||King's Own Scottish Borderers||2–0||East Lancashire Regiment|
|1892||King's Own Scottish Borderers||3–1||Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders|
|1893||Highland Light Infantry||2–1||Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders|
|1894||Highland Light Infantry||2–1||Royal Scots Fusiliers|
|1895||Highland Light Infantry||1–0||Somerset Light Infantry|
|1896||Somerset Light Infantry||6–1||Black Watch|
|1897||Black Watch||1–0||Simla Rifles (2nd Punjab Volunteer Rifle Corps)|
|1898||Black Watch||4–0||North Staffordshire Regiment|
|1899||Black Watch||3–0||Yorkshire Regiment|
|1900||South Wales Borderers||2–0||East Lancashire Regiment|
|1901||South Wales Borderers||2–1||South Staffordshire Regiment|
|1902||Hampshire Regiment||2–1||East Lancashire Regiment|
|1903||Royal Irish Rifles||2–1||Queen's Regiment|
|1904||North Staffordshire Regiment||1–0||Black Watch|
|1905||Royal Dragoons||2–0||Dorsetshire Regiment|
|1906||Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)||2–1||Bedfordshire Regiment|
|1907||Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)||2–0||Royal Welsh Fusiliers|
|1908||Lancashire Fusiliers||2–0||Royal Irish Rifles|
|1909||Lancashire Fusiliers||2–0||King's Regiment|
|1910||Royal Scots||2–0||King's Royal Rifle Corps|
|1911||Black Watch||1–0||Lancashire Fusiliers|
|1912||Royal Scots||1–0||Lancashire Fusiliers|
|1913||Lancashire Fusiliers||2–0||King's Royal Rifle Corps|
|1914–19||Tournament not held, due to World War I|
|1920||Black Watch||2–0||Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)|
|1921||Worcestershire Regiment||1–0||Royal Fusiliers|
|1922||Lancashire Fusiliers||1–0||Royal Field Artillery|
|1923||Cheshire Regiment||1–0||Essex Regiment|
|1924||Worcestershire Regiment||2–0||Essex Regiment|
|1925||Sherwood Foresters||2–0||Worcestershire Regiment|
|1926||Durham Light Infantry||1–0||Sherwood Foresters|
|1927||York & Lancaster Regiment||1–0||East Indian Railway Regiment|
|1928||Sherwood Foresters||4–0||York & Lancaster Regiment|
|1929||York & Lancaster Regiment||3–0||East Yorkshire Regiment|
|1930||York & Lancaster Regiment||2–0||Leicestershire Regiment|
|1931||Devonshire Regiment||3–0||Border Regiment|
|1932||King's Shropshire Light Infantry||2–1||Devonshire Regiment|
|1933||King's Shropshire Light Infantry||3–2||Leicestershire Regiment|
|1934||Royal Signals||3–1||Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders|
|1935||Border Regiment||1–0||Royal Norfolk Regiment|
|1936||Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders||2–0||Green Howards|
|1937||Border Regiment||3–1||Royal Scots|
|1938||South Wales Borderers||2–0||Border Regiment|
|1939||Tournament not held, due to World War II in Europe|
|1940||Mohammedan Sporting Club||2–1||Royal Warwickshire Regiment|
|1941–49||Tournament not held, due to World War II & to Partition|
|1950||Hyderabad City Police||2–2, 1–0||Mohun Bagan AC|
|1951||East Bengal Club||1–1, 2–1||Rajasthan Armed Constabulary|
|1952||East Bengal Club||1–0||Hyderabad City Police|
|1953||Mohun Bagan AC||4–0||National Defence Academy|
|1954||Hyderabad City Police||1–1, 1–0||Hindustan Aircraft Limited|
|1955||Madras Regimental Centre||3–2||Indian Air Force|
|1956||East Bengal Club||2–0||Hyderabad City Police|
|1957||Hyderabad City Police||2–1||East Bengal Club|
|1958||Madras Regimental Centre||2–0||Gorkha Brigade|
|1959||Mohun Bagan AC||1–1, 3–1||Mohammedan Sporting Club|
|1960||Mohun Bagan AC & East Bengal Club - (joint winners) 1-1, 0-0|
|1961||Andhra Pradesh Police||1–0||Mohun Bagan AC|
|1962||Tournament not held, due to Indo-China War|
|1963||Mohun Bagan AC||0–0, 2–0||Andhra Pradesh Police|
|1964||Mohun Bagan AC||2–0||East Bengal Club|
|1965||Mohun Bagan AC||2–0||Punjab Police|
|1966||Gorkha Brigade||2–0||Sikh Regimental Centre|
|1967||East Bengal Club||1–0||Bengal-Nagpur Railway|
|1968||Border Security Force||1–0||East Bengal Club|
|1969||Gorkha Brigade||1–0||Border Security Force|
|1970||East Bengal Club||2–0||Mohun Bagan AC|
|1971||Border Security Force||0–0, 1–0||Leaders Club Jalandhar|
|1972||East Bengal Club||0–0, 1–0||Mohun Bagan AC|
|1973||Border Security Force||2–1||Rajasthan Armed Constabulary (Bikaner)|
|1974||Mohun Bagan AC||3–2||JCT Mills|
|1975||Border Security Force||1–1, 2–1||JCT Mills|
|1976||Border Security Force & JCT Mills - (joint winners) 0-0, 0-0|
|1977||Mohun Bagan AC||1–1, 2–1||JCT Mills|
|1978||East Bengal Club||3–0||Mohun Bagan AC|
|1979||Mohun Bagan AC||1–0||Punjab Police|
|1980||Mohun Bagan AC||1–0||Mohammedan Sporting Club|
|1981||Border Security Force||1–0||JCT Mills|
|1982||Mohun Bagan AC & East Bengal Club - (joint winners) 0-0|
|1983||JCT Mills||2–1||Mohun Bagan AC|
|1984||Mohun Bagan AC||2–0||East Bengal Club|
|1985||Mohun Bagan AC||0–0 (aet, 3–2 pens)||JCT Mills|
|1986||Mohun Bagan AC||1–0||East Bengal Club|
|1987||JCT Mills||1–0||Mohun Bagan AC|
|1988||Border Security Force||3–2||East Bengal Club|
|1989||East Bengal Club||0–0 (aet, 3–1 pens)||Mohun Bagan AC|
|1990||East Bengal Club||3–2||Mahindra & Mahindra|
|1991||East Bengal Club||1–1 (aet, 5–3 pens)||Border Security Force|
|1992||JCT Mills||1–0||Mohammedan Sporting Club|
|1993||East Bengal Club||1–0||Punjab State Electricity Board|
|1994||Mohun Bagan AC||1–0||East Bengal Club|
|1995||East Bengal Club||0–0 (aet, 4–3 pens)||Tata Football Academy|
|1996||JCT Mills||1–0||al-Naft (Baghdad)|
|1997||FC Kochin||3–1||Mohun Bagan AC|
|1998||Mahindra & Mahindra||2–1||East Bengal Club|
|1999||Salgaocar Sports Club||0–0 (aet, 3–2 [pens)||East Bengal Club|
|2000||Mohun Bagan AC||1–1, 1–0 (Golden goal)||Mahindra United|
|2001–02||Mahindra United||5–0||Churchill Brothers SC|
|2002–03||East Bengal Club||3–0||Army XI|
|2003–04||Salgaocar Sports Club||1–1 (aet, 4–3 pens)||East Bengal Club|
|2004||East Bengal Club||2–1||Mohun Bagan AC|
|2005||Army XI||0–0 (aet, 5–4 pens)||Sporting Clube de Goa|
|2006||Dempo Sports Club||1–0||JCT Mills|
|2007||Churchill Brothers SC||1–0||Mahindra United|
|2008||Mahindra United||3–2||Churchill Brothers SC|
|2009||Churchill Brothers SC||3–1||Mohun Bagan AC|
|2010||Prayag United||1–0||JCT FC|
|2011||Churchill Brothers SC||5–4||Prayag United|
|2013||Mohammedan Sporting Club||2–1||ONGC|
|2016||Army Green||0–0(aet,6–5 pens)||NEROCA|
|2019||Gokulam Kerala||2–1||Mohun Bagan AC|
|Team||Champion||Runners-up||Win % in Finals||Last win|
|Highland Light Infantry||5||1||83.3||1895|
|Hyderabad City Police||4||3||57.1||1954|
|York & Lancaster Regiment||3||1||75.0||1930|
|Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)||2||1||66.6||1907|
|Royal Scots Fusiliers||2||1||66.6||1912|
|King's Shropshire Light Infantry||2||0||100||1933|
|Madras Regimental Centre||2||0||100||1958|
|King's Own Scottish Borderers||2||0||100||1892|
|South Wales Borderers||2||0||100||1901|
|Prayag United S.C.||1||0||100||2010|
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