3rd millennium

Last updated
Millennia:
Centuries:

In contemporary history, the third millennium of the anno Domini or Common Era in the Gregorian calendar is the current millennium spanning the years 2001 to 3000. (21st to 30th centuries).

Contents

Events

Predicted events

As this millennium is currently in progress, events which have occurred before the present day are the subject of historians' attention. The future is researched in futures studies. Here are some events that may happen:

Time capsules

Astronomical events

21st century

  • April 13, 2029 – Near-Earth asteroid (99942) Apophis will pass Earth at a relatively small distance of 31,200 kilometres (19,400 mi) above Earth's surface, closer than some geosynchronous satellites. [2]
  • August 12, 2045 – A total solar eclipse will take place in the United States, producing a path from California to Florida. Some parts of Florida are predicted to experience totality for six minutes, the longest in US history.
  • February 29, 2048 – A full moon will occur on leap day. The next full moon on a leap day will not occur until February 29, 2124. [3]
  • Mid-2061 – Next appearance of Comet Halley.
  • October 27, 2088 – Mercury occults Jupiter, the first time since 1708, but very close to the Sun and impossible to view with the naked eye.
  • September 23, 2090 – Total solar eclipse in the UK. The next total eclipse visible in the UK follows a track similar to that of August 11, 1999, but shifted slightly further north and occurring very near sunset. Maximum duration in Cornwall will be 2 minutes and 10 seconds. Same day and month as the eclipse of September 23, 1699.
  • April 7, 2094 – Mercury occults Jupiter; it will be very close to the Sun and impossible to view with the naked eye.

22nd century

23rd century

  • 2209 and 2284 – perihelion of Comet Halley.
  • May 27, 2221 – near-Earth asteroid (285263) 1998 QE2 will pass Earth at a distance of 0.038  AU (5,700,000  km ; 3,500,000  mi ). [8]
  • 2221 – Triple conjunction of Mars and Saturn.
  • December 2, 2223 – At 12:32 UTC, Mars will occult Jupiter.
  • 2238/39 – Triple conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn (whose last triple conjunction was in 1981).
  • August 12, 2243 – At 04:52 UTC, Venus will occult Saturn.
  • June 11, 2247 – Transit of Venus.
  • March 4, 2251 – At 10:52 UTC, Venus will occult Uranus.
  • In 2252, the planetoid Orcus will have completed one orbit of the Sun since its discovery in 2004, based upon current orbital measurements which give it a period of 248 Earth years.
  • August 1, 2253 – Mercury occults Regulus (last occultation of Regulus by Mercury was on August 13, 364 BC).
  • June 9, 2255 – Transit of Venus.
  • 2256 to 2258 – Eris will reach perihelion for the first time since discovery.
  • 2265 – Return to perihelion by the Great Comet of 1861.
  • October 6, 2271 – Close conjunction between Venus and Regulus, perhaps occultation of Regulus by Venus.
  • 2279 – Triple conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn.
  • 2281/82 – Grand Trine of Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. This last occurred in 1769 and 1770.
  • Sunday, August 28, 2287 – Closest approach between Mars and Earth since Wednesday, August 27, 2003.
  • In 2288, the planetoid Quaoar will have completed one orbit of the Sun since its discovery in 2002, which, based upon current orbital measurements, gives it a period of 286 Earth years.

24th century

  • September 11, 2307 – At 22:50 UTC, Venus will occult Uranus.
  • 2313 – Triple conjunction MarsJupiter.
  • 2319 – Triple conjunction Mars-Saturn.
  • June 4, 2327 – At 00:54 UTC, Venus will occult Mars.
  • October 8, 2335 – At 14:51 UTC, Venus will occult Jupiter.
  • April 7, 2351 – At 17:22 UTC, Mercury will occult Uranus.
  • December 13, 2360 – Transit of Venus.
  • 2365 – Perihelion of Comet Halley.
  • December 10, 2368 – Transit of Venus.
  • 2388 – Triple conjunction Mars-Saturn.
  • May 11, 2391 – Partial transit of Mercury.
  • November 17, 2400 – Venus will occult Antares (last occultation of Antares by Venus was on September 17, 525 BC).

25th century

26th century

27th century

  • December 16, 2603 – Transit of Venus.
  • May 13, 2608 – Grazing Transit of Mercury.
  • December 13, 2611 – Partial transit of Venus.
  • 2626/27 – Triple conjunction MarsSaturn.
  • 2629 – Triple conjunction Mars-Saturn.
  • February 16, 2649 – At 11:17 UTC, Venus will occult Neptune.
  • September 3, 2650 – The distance between Mars and Earth will arrive at a new remarkable minimum, at 55,651,582.118 km.
    It will be the closer encounter of perihelic opposition slightly shorter (by 37,000 km) than the previous one of the August 28, 2287. [13]
    The following closer encounter will be on September 8, 2729.
  • 2655/56 – Triple conjunction Jupiter-Saturn.
  • 2663 – Triple conjunction Mars-Saturn.
  • 2699/2700 – Triple conjunctions between Mars-Jupiter, Mars-Neptune and Jupiter-Neptune.

28th century

  • October 24, 2714 – Transit of Jupiter from Uranus. First one since May 3, 1914.
  • September 8, 2729 – The distance between Mars and Earth will arrive at a new remarkable minimum, at 55,651,033.122 km.
    It will be the closer encounter of perihelitic opposition slightly shorter (just 549 km) than the previous one of the September 3, 2650. [14]
  • June 15, 2733 – Transit of Venus.
  • June 13, 2741 – Transit of Venus.
  • 2742 – Triple conjunction MarsJupiter.
  • 2744 – Triple conjunction Mars–Jupiter.
  • 2761 – Triple conjunction Mars–Saturn.
  • December 3, 2781 – At 06:45 UTC, Venus will occult Neptune.
  • 2791 – Triple conjunction Mars–Jupiter.
  • 2794/95 – Triple conjunction Jupiter–Saturn.

29th century

  • The remnants of Comet Ikeya-Seki are expected to return to the inner Solar System.
    It was last seen from Earth in 1965–1966, and broke into three pieces as it approached the Sun.
  • March 25, 2816 – At 15:47 UTC, Mercury will occult Jupiter.
  • March 6, 2817 – At 9:36 UTC, Venus will occult Saturn.
  • April 11, 2818 – At 20:41 UTC, Mercury will occult Mars.
  • February 6, 2825 – At 10:50 UTC, Mars will occult Uranus.
  • 2829/30 – Triple conjunction Mars-Saturn.
  • December 15, 2830 – At 09:40 UTC, Venus will occult Mars.
  • 2842/43 – Triple conjunction Mars-Jupiter.
  • December 16, 2846 – Transit of Venus.
  • December 14, 2854 – Partial transit of Venus.
  • July 20, 2855 – At 05:15 UTC, Mercury will occult Jupiter.
  • 2866 – Triple conjunction Mars-Saturn.

Biological events

Calendric predictions

Technological predictions

Social predictions

Centuries and decades

21st century 2000s [lower-alpha 1] 2010s 2020s 2030s 2040s 2050s 2060s 2070s 2080s 2090s
22nd century 2100s2110s2120s2130s2140s2150s2160s2170s2180s2190s
23rd century 2200s2210s2220s2230s2240s2250s2260s2270s2280s2290s
24th century 2300s2310s2320s2330s2340s2350s2360s2370s2380s2390s
25th century 2400s2410s2420s2430s2440s2450s2460s2470s2480s2490s
26th century 2500s2510s2520s2530s2540s2550s2560s2570s2580s2590s
27th century 2600s2610s2620s2630s2640s2650s2660s2670s2680s2690s
28th century 2700s2710s2720s2730s2740s2750s2760s2770s2780s2790s
29th century 2800s2810s2820s2830s2840s2850s2860s2870s2880s2890s
30th century 2900s2910s2920s2930s2940s2950s2960s2970s2980s2990s

Notes

  1. Only the nine years 2001–2009 of the 2000s decade were in the 3rd millennium; the year 2000 was the last year of the 2nd millennium (1001–2000). The year 2000 is the first year of the 2000s millennium (2000–2999) which is used interchangably with the 3rd millennium though the start and end dates differ by a year.

Related Research Articles

Eclipse Astronomical event where one body is hidden by another

An eclipse is an astronomical event that occurs when an astronomical object or spacecraft is temporarily obscured, by passing into the shadow of another body or by having another body pass between it and the viewer. This alignment of three celestial objects is known as a syzygy. Apart from syzygy, the term eclipse is also used when a spacecraft reaches a position where it can observe two celestial bodies so aligned. An eclipse is the result of either an occultation or a transit.

The 22nd (twenty-second) century is the next century in the Anno Domini or Common Era in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. It will begin on January 1, 2101, and will end on December 31, 2200.

Conjunction (astronomy) when two astronomical objects or spacecraft have either the same right ascension or the same ecliptic longitude (close apparent approach)

In astronomy, a conjunction occurs when two astronomical objects or spacecraft have either the same right ascension or the same ecliptic longitude, usually as observed from Earth. The astronomical symbol for conjunction is ☌ and handwritten . The conjunction symbol is not used in modern astronomy. It continues to be used in astrology.

The 2060s is a decade of the Gregorian calendar that will begin on January 1, 2060, and will end on December 31, 2069. Things included here are notable predictions by world organizations, figures of ideal goals set, and scheduled events as of the present year. As a caveat, there is no way for sure to predict any given event as up to date information frequently changes. There are ongoing futures studies that seek to understand what is likely to continue and what could plausibly change. Predictions for apocalyptic events and the second coming of Christ are discussed elsewhere.

Timeline of Solar System astronomy timeline

Timeline of Solar System astronomy

The 23rd century of the anno Domini or Common Era in the Gregorian calendar will begin on January 1, 2201 and end on December 31, 2300.

The 24th century in the anno Domini or Common Era of the Gregorian calendar will begin on January 1, 2301 and end on December 31, 2400. Unlike most century years, the year 2400 will be a leap year, and the next century leap year in the Gregorian calendar after 2000.

The 25th century in the anno Domini or Common Era of the Gregorian calendar will begin on January 1, 2401 and end on December 31, 2500.

The 27th century in the anno Domini or Common Era of the Gregorian calendar will begin on January 1, 2601 and end on December 31, 2700.

The 28th century in the anno Domini or Common Era of the Gregorian calendar will begin on January 1, 2701 and end on December 31, 2800. Unlike most century years, the year 2800 will be a leap year, and the next century leap year after 2400.

The 29th century in the anno Domini or Common Era of the Gregorian calendar will begin on January 1, 2801 and end on December 31, 2900.

The eighth millennium in the anno Domini or Common Era of the Gregorian calendar will begin on January 1, 7001, and end on December 31, 8000.

The ninth millennium in the anno Domini or Common Era of the Gregorian calendar will begin on January 1, 8001, and end on December 31, 9000.

The tenth millennium in the anno Domini or Common Era of the Gregorian calendar will begin on January 1, 9001, and end on December 31, 10,000.

A triple conjunction is an astronomical event where two planets or a planet and a star meet each other three times in a short period, either in opposition or at the time of inferior conjunction, if an inferior planet is involved. The visible movement of the planet or the planets in the sky is therefore normally prograde at the first conjunction, retrograde at the second conjunction and again prograde at the third conjunction.

This is a timeline of the near future, covering predicted or calculated events from the present until the end of the 23rd century.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Solar System:

The word "transit" refers to cases where the nearer object appears smaller than the more distant object. Cases where the nearer object appears larger and completely hides the more distant object are known as occultations.

References

  1. Diduch, Mary (April 27, 2009). "U. celebrates Old Queens bicentennial". The Daily Targum . Rutgers University: {{subst:^|}}College Media Network{{subst:^|}}. Archived from the original on January 1, 2010. Retrieved June 16, 2009. At the ceremony, a time capsule was revealed containing several items from today to leave for the University in 2109, at the building's tricentennial commemoration.
  2. "NASA Rules Out Earth Impact in 2036 for Asteroid Apophis". NASA/JPL. Retrieved May 11, 2020.
  3. Plait, Phil (June 13, 2014). "Wait. What About a Full Moon on Feb. 29?". Slate Magazine. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
  4. HM Nautical Almanac Office: 2117 Transit of Venus Archived April 19, 2017, at the Wayback Machine . Astro.ukho.gov.uk (2011-05-03). Retrieved on 2014-01-19.
  5. Articles – Occultation – OPT Telescopes Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine . Optcorp.com. Retrieved on 2014-01-19.
  6. HM Nautical Almanac Office: 2125 Transit of Venus Archived August 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine . Astro.ukho.gov.uk (2011-05-03). Retrieved on 2014-01-19.
  7. "Occultation – Mutual planetary transits and occultations – Encyclopedia II". Archived from the original on December 13, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-13.
  8. Dr. Lance A. M. Benner (May 28, 2013). "(285263) 1998 QE2 Goldstone Radar Observations Planning". NASA/JPL Asteroid Radar Research. Archived from the original on February 3, 2016. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  9. Griffith Observatory Archived January 30, 2005, at the Wayback Machine (non accessible)
  10. 1 2 Mutual Planetary Transits; Fifteen millennium catalog; Period 2 001 AD – 3 000 AD Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  11. Jubier, F. Espenak and Xavier. "NASA - Total Solar Eclipse of 2600 May 05". eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov. Archived from the original on September 12, 2015. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  12. Jubier, F. Espenak and Xavier. "NASA - Total Solar Eclipse of 2151 June 14". eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov. Archived from the original on August 17, 2016. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  13. [meteorite-list] Mars Makes Closest Approach In Nearly 60,000 Years Archived July 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine , by Ron Baalke, on Friday August 22, 2003 at 09:04:54 -0700
  14. [meteorite-list] Mars Makes Closest Approach In Nearly 60,000 Years Archived July 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine , par Ron Baalke, on Friday August 22, 2003 at 09:04:54 -0700
  15. "No rainforest, no monsoon: get ready for a warmer world". New Scientist. Archived from the original on July 2, 2015. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  16. Pimm, Stuart; et al. (2006). "Human impacts on the rates of recent, present, and future bird extinctions". PNAS . 103 (29): 10941–10946. doi:10.1073/pnas.0604181103. PMC   1544153 . PMID   16829570.
  17. Dunham, Will. "Melting Sea Ice May Doom Emperor Penguins, Study Finds". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 14, 2012. Retrieved January 26, 2008.
  18. Nevans-Pederson, Mary (March 13, 2008). "No St. Pat's Day Mass allowed in Holy Week". Dubuque Telegraph Herald. Woodward Communications, Inc. Archived from the original on October 16, 2008. Retrieved March 13, 2008.
  19. "Selected Christian Observances". aa.usno.navy.mil. Archived from the original on January 2, 2013. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  20. "Kurzweil: AI aces Turing Test in 2029, and the Singularity arrives in 2045". March 18, 2017. Archived from the original on August 22, 2017. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  21. Rebecca Boyle (February 23, 2012). "Japanese Construction Company Plans Space Elevator By 2050". Australian Popular Science. Archived from the original on September 18, 2019. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  22. Brown, Mark (June 20, 2011). "Hypersonic Zehst jet will fly in 2050 on seaweed biofuel". Wired.co.uk. Conde Nast UK. Archived from the original on June 23, 2011. Retrieved July 3, 2017.
  23. "Our future energy". The Danish government. The Danish Ministry of Climate and Energy. November 2011. Archived from the original on April 16, 2017. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  24. New Mega-City Challenge – Concept Archived September 13, 2018, at the Wayback Machine . Geekwidget (2010-03-29). Retrieved on 2014-01-19.
  25. city in pyramid on YouTube
  26. "Stanford to host 100-year study on artificial intelligence". Stanford University. December 16, 2014. Archived from the original on June 20, 2015. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
  27. "Study to Examine Effects of Artificial Intelligence". The New York Times. December 15, 2014. Archived from the original on July 5, 2017. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
  28. "One-Hundred Year Study of Artificial Intelligence: Reflections and Framing". Eric Horvitz. 2014. Archived from the original on February 13, 2015. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
  29. Wall, Mike (May 11, 2012). "Dead Satellite Envisat May Be Space Junk for 150 Years". Huffington Post. Huffington Post. Archived from the original on July 2, 2015. Retrieved May 13, 2012.
  30. Kaku, Michio (April 26, 2004). "How Advanced Could They Be?". Astrobiology Magazine. Archived from the original on November 13, 2010. Retrieved January 7, 2010.
  31. "Total Midyear Population for the World: 1950–2050". U.S. Census Bureau. December 15, 2008. Archived from the original on October 5, 2013. Retrieved March 30, 2009.
  32. 1 2 Todd, Emmanuel (2003). After the Empire: The Breakdown of the American Order. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN   0-231-13102-X.
  33. Health and Science Correspondent Kate Kelland (July 4, 2011). "Who wants to live forever? Scientist sees aging cured". Reuters. Archived from the original on November 27, 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  34. "World population to reach 9.1 billion in 2050, UN projects". UN News Center. February 24, 2005. Archived from the original on July 22, 2017.
  35. "Britain 'biggest in EU by 2050'". BBC News. March 12, 2009. Archived from the original on June 26, 2015.
  36. Laurance, Jeremy (May 12, 2010). "Has the elixir of youth come of age?". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on May 15, 2010. Retrieved May 15, 2010.
  37. World population in 2300 Archived December 2, 2016, at the Wayback Machine . (PDF) . Retrieved on 2014-01-19.
  38. Friedman, George (2009) The Next 100 Years: A Forecast for the 21st Century, Anchor, ISBN   0767923057.