Barnwell, South Carolina

Last updated
Barnwell, South Carolina
Barnwell County Courthouse, Barnwell, South Carolina.jpg
Barnwell County Courthouse, June 1968
Barnwell, SC City Seal.png
Nickname: 
Red Hill
SCMap-doton-Barnwell.PNG
Location of Barnwell, South Carolina
Coordinates: 33°14′40″N81°21′48″W / 33.24444°N 81.36333°W / 33.24444; -81.36333 Coordinates: 33°14′40″N81°21′48″W / 33.24444°N 81.36333°W / 33.24444; -81.36333
Country United States
State South Carolina
County Barnwell
Town1829
Government
  TypeMayor-Council-Commission
  MayorMarcus Rivera
Area
[1]
  Total7.99 sq mi (20.70 km2)
  Land7.84 sq mi (20.31 km2)
  Water0.15 sq mi (0.38 km2)
Elevation
[2]
217 ft (66 m)
Population
 (2020) [3]
  Total4,652
  Density593.22/sq mi (229.03/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
29812-29813
Area codes 803, 839
FIPS code 45-04060 [4]
GNIS feature ID1244965 [2]
Website www.cityofbarnwell.com

Barnwell is a city in and county seat of Barnwell County, South Carolina, United States, located along U.S. Route 278. The population was 4,750 at the 2010 census. [5] [6]

Contents

Geography

Barnwell is located east of the center of Barnwell County at 33°14′40″N81°21′48″W / 33.24444°N 81.36333°W / 33.24444; -81.36333 (33.244534, −81.363214). [7] Turkey Creek, a tributary of the Salkehatchie River, runs through the city just west of the downtown, and includes a small impoundment known as Lake Brown in the north part of the city.

U.S. Route 278 passes through the city, leading south 17 miles (27 km) to Allendale and northwest 42 miles (68 km) to Augusta, Georgia. State highways 3, 70, 64 also pass through the city; SC 64 leads west 6 miles (10 km) to the east entrance of the Savannah River Site, which is a nuclear reservation.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Barnwell has a total area of 8.0 square miles (20.7 km2), of which 7.8 square miles (20.3 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2), or 1.86%, is water. [5]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 648
1890 93744.6%
1900 1,32941.8%
1910 1,324−0.4%
1920 1,90343.7%
1930 1,834−3.6%
1940 1,9224.8%
1950 2,0054.3%
1960 4,568127.8%
1970 4,439−2.8%
1980 5,57225.5%
1990 5,255−5.7%
2000 5,035−4.2%
2010 4,750−5.7%
2020 4,652−2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [3]

2020 census

Barnwell racial composition [8]
RaceNum.Perc.
White (non-Hispanic)1,84739.7%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic)2,39351.44%
Native American 150.32%
Asian 1002.15%
Pacific Islander 100.21%
Other/Mixed 1904.08%
Hispanic or Latino 972.09%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 4,652 people, 1,685 households, and 1,096 families residing in the city.

2000 census

As of the census [4] of 2000, there were 5,035 people, 2,035 households, and 1,353 families residing in the city. The population density was 659.5 people per square mile (254.8/km2). There were 2,304 housing units at an average density of 301.8 per square mile (116.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 49.81% White, 47.37% Black, 1.05% Asian, 0.40% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.

There were 2,035 households, out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were married couples living together, 22.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 28.4% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,722, and the median income for a family was $37,841. Males had a median income of $35,039 versus $21,912 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,709. placing it in the top third of the state. About 20.4% of families and 22.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.5% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.

History

In 1785 the district of Winton County was formed from a portion of the Orangeburg District in order to create another judicial circuit. It was given its current name in 1798 when the county and its seat were named for Revolutionary War leader John Barnwell (1748–1800), who headed a militia in South Carolina. Barnwell County originally stretched from the Savannah River on the west almost to the Atlantic Ocean.

Built in 1832, the South Carolina Railroad connected Charleston to Hamburg, near Augusta, Georgia, upriver on the Savannah River. The designation of two stops on the railroad led to the development of the towns of Blackville and Williston in the mid-nineteenth century.

Civil War

Barnwell gave generously to the Confederate cause. Its most distinguished participant was Confederate General Johnson Hagood, who was later elected as governor of South Carolina, serving.

When Union General Judson Kilpatrick was in Barnwell, as part of General Sherman's March to the Sea, his horses were stabled in the Episcopal Church of the Holy Apostles; the baptismal font in the church was used to water the horses. [9]

Registered historic sites

Banksia Hall, Bethlehem Baptist Church, Church of the Holy Apostles Rectory, Church of the Holy Apostles, Episcopal, and Old Presbyterian Church are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [10]

Education

Barnwell has a public library, a branch of the ABBE Regional Library System. [11]

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Barnwell has a Humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [12]

Climate data for Barnwell, South Carolina
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)14
(58)
16
(60)
19
(67)
24
(76)
29
(84)
32
(90)
33
(91)
32
(90)
30
(86)
24
(76)
19
(66)
14
(58)
24
(75)
Average low °C (°F)4
(39)
4
(40)
8
(46)
12
(53)
17
(62)
21
(69)
22
(72)
22
(71)
19
(66)
13
(55)
7
(44)
4
(39)
13
(55)
Average precipitation mm (inches)94
(3.7)
100
(4.1)
110
(4.5)
86
(3.4)
81
(3.2)
110
(4.2)
130
(5.1)
120
(4.7)
89
(3.5)
61
(2.4)
66
(2.6)
86
(3.4)
1,130
(44.6)
Source: Weatherbase [13]

Notable people

See also

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References

  1. "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  2. 1 2 U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Barnwell, South Carolina
  3. 1 2 "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Oct 15, 2022.
  4. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Barnwell city, South Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
  6. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-14.
  9. History of the Episcopal Church of the Holy Apostles, Barnwell, South Carolina Archived 2009-08-31 at the Wayback Machine from the church's website
  10. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  11. "South Carolina libraries and archives". SCIWAY. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  12. Climate Summary for Barnwell, South Carolina
  13. "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on September 18, 2013.