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|Founder||13 original LPGA players|
|TV partner(s)||Golf Channel|
The Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA) is an American organization for female professional golfers. The organization is headquartered at the LPGA International in Daytona Beach, Florida, and is best known for running the LPGA Tour, a series of weekly golf tournaments for elite female golfers from around the world.
In the sport of golf, the distinction between amateurs and professionals is rigorously maintained. An amateur who breaches the rules of amateur status may lose their amateur status. A golfer who has lost their amateur status may not play in amateur competitions until amateur status has been reinstated; a professional may not play in amateur tournaments unless the Committee is notified, acknowledges and confirms the participation. It is very difficult for a professional to regain their amateur status; simply agreeing not to take payment for a particular tournament is not enough. A player must apply to the governing body of the sport to have amateur status reinstated.
LPGA International is a golf club located in Daytona Beach, Volusia County, Florida, United States, and the main golf facility used by the Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA). The golf facilities are owned by the City of Daytona Beach and operated under agreement with the LPGA. The golf club offers two 18-hole courses, Champions and Legends. In 2013, these were renamed to the Jones and Hills courses, reflecting the architects who designed them.
Daytona Beach is a city in Volusia County, Florida, United States. It lies about 51 miles (82.1 km) northeast of Orlando, 86 miles (138.4 km) southeast of Jacksonville, and 242 miles (389.5 km) northwest of Miami. In the 2010 U.S. Census, it had a population of 61,005. It is a principal city of the Deltona–Daytona Beach–Ormond Beach metropolitan area, which was home to 600,756 people as of 2013. Daytona Beach is also a principal city of the Fun Coast region of Florida.
Other "LPGAs" exist in other countries, each with a geographical designation in its name, but the U.S. organization is the first, largest, and best known. The LPGA is also an organization for female club and teaching professionals. This is different from the PGA Tour, which runs the main professional tours in the U.S. and, since 1968, has been independent of the club and teaching professionals' organization, the PGA of America.
The PGA Tour is the organizer of the main professional golf tours played primarily by men in the United States and North America. It organizes most of the events on the flagship annual series of tournaments also known as the PGA Tour, as well as PGA Tour Champions and the Web.com Tour, as well as PGA Tour Canada, PGA Tour Latinoamérica, and PGA Tour China. The PGA Tour is a nonprofit organization headquartered in Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida, a suburb of Jacksonville.
Professional golf tours are the means by which otherwise unconnected professional golf tournaments are organised into a regular schedule. There are separate tours for men and women with each tour being based in a specific geographical region, although some tours may hold tournaments in other parts of the world.
The LPGA also administers an annual qualifying school similar to that conducted by the PGA Tour. Depending on a golfer's finish in the final qualifying tournament, she may receive full or partial playing privileges on the LPGA Tour. In addition to the main LPGA Tour, the LPGA also owns and operates the Symetra Tour, formerly the Futures Tour, the official developmental tour of the LPGA. Top finishers at the end of each season on that tour receive playing privileges on the main LPGA Tour for the following year.
In professional golf the term qualifying school is used for the annual qualifying tournaments for leading golf tours such as the U.S.-based PGA and LPGA Tours and the European Tour. A fixed number of players in the event win membership of the tour for the following season, otherwise known as a "tour card," meaning that they can play in most of the tour's events without having to qualify. They join the leaders on the previous year's money list/order of merit and certain other exempt players as members of the tour.
The Symetra Tour, previously known as the LPGA Futures Tour and known for sponsorship reasons between 2006 and 2010 as the Duramed FUTURES Tour, is the official developmental golf tour of the LPGA Tour. Tour membership is open to professional women golfers and to qualified amateurs.
In its 70th season in 2019, the LPGA is the oldest continuing women's professional sports organization in the United States.It was founded in 1950 by a group of 13 golfers: Alice Bauer, Patty Berg, Bettye Danoff, Helen Dettweiler, Marlene Bauer Hagge, Helen Hicks, Opal Hill, Betty Jameson, Sally Sessions, Marilynn Smith, Shirley Spork, Louise Suggs, and Babe Zaharias. The LPGA succeeded the WPGA (Women's Professional Golf Association), which was founded in 1944 but stopped its limited tour after the 1948 season and officially ceased operations in December 1949.
The 2019 LPGA Tour is a series of professional golf tournaments for elite female golfers from around the world. The season begins at the Four Season Golf Club in Lake Buena Vista, Florida on January 17 and ends on November 24 at the Tiburón Golf Club in Naples, Florida. The tournaments are sanctioned by the United States-based Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA).
Alice Bauer was an American golfer. One of the founders of the LPGA, she played professionally and finished as high as 14th on the LPGA Tour money list, in 1956. Bauer had several top-10 finishes in major championships, including fourth place in the 1958 U.S. Women's Open.
Patricia Jane Berg was an American professional golfer and a founding member and then leading player on the LPGA Tour during the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s. Her 15 major title wins remains the all-time record for most major wins by a female golfer. She is a member of the World Golf Hall of Fame.
In 2001, Jane Blalock's JBC Marketing established the Women's Senior Golf Tour, now called the Legends Tour, for women professionals aged 45 and older. This is affiliated with the LPGA, but is not owned by the LPGA.
Barbara Jane Blalock is an American business executive and retired professional golfer. After winning several New England golf tournaments in her youth, Blalock joined the LPGA Tour as a professional in 1969, being named LPGA Tour Rookie of the Year in 1969 and Most Improved Golfer in 1970 and 1971. She won the historically notable Dinah Shore Colgate Winner's Circle in 1972, earning "the richest prize in women's golf history." After successfully fighting a suspension from the LPGA for allegedly signing an incorrect scorecard a month after Dinah Shore, by 1977 she was the sixth-highest paid female golfer of all time. The Evening Independent described her as "one of the foremost women golfers of her time" the following year. Nursing a herniated disc, Blalock failed to win a tournament from 1981 until 1984, though after two wins in 1985 she was named Comeback Player of the Year by Golf Digest.
The Legends Tour, formerly known as the Women's Senior Golf Tour before the 2006 season, is a professional golf tour for women aged 45 and older. It is based in the United States and is the official senior tour of the LPGA Tour. The tour was founded in 2000, and is intended to allow women to prolong their competitive golf careers on the model of the PGA Tour Champions for men.
Michael Whan became the eighth commissioner of the LPGA in October 2009, succeeding the ousted Carolyn Bivens.Whan is a former marketing executive in the sporting goods industry.
The 2009 LPGA Tour was a series of weekly golf tournaments for elite female golfers from around the world that took place from February through November 2009. The tournaments were sanctioned by the United States-based Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA).
Carolyn Bivens was the commissioner of the LPGA from 2005 until her resignation on July 13, 2009. She was the seventh person and the first woman to hold the position of commissioner since the LPGA was founded in 1950.
After a lawsuit filed by golfer Lana Lawless, the rules were changed in 2010 to allow transgender competitors.In 2013, trans woman Bobbi Lancaster faced local scorn for attempting playing in Arizona's Cactus Tour and attempting to qualify in the LPGA Qualifying Tournament.
In 2010, total official prize money on the LPGA Tour was $41.4 million, a decrease of over $6 million from 2009. In 2010 there were 24 official tournaments, down from 28 in 2009 and 34 in 2008. Despite the loss in total tournaments, the number of tournaments hosted outside of the United States in 2010 stayed the same, as all four lost tournaments had been hosted in the United States. By 2016, the number of tournaments had risen to 33 with a record-high total prize money in excess of $63 million.
In its first four decades, the LPGA Tour was dominated by American players. Sandra Post of Canada became the first player living outside the United States to gain an LPGA tour card in 1968. The non-U.S. contingent is now very large. The last time an American player topped the money list was in 1993, the last time an American led the tour in tournaments won was in 1996, and from 2000 through 2009, non-Americans won 31 of 40 major championships.
Particularly, one of the notable trends seen in the early 21st century in the LPGA is the rise and dominance of Korean golfers.Se Ri Pak's early success in the LPGA sparked the boom in Korean women golfers on the LPGA Tour. In 2009, there were 122 non-Americans from 27 countries on the tour, including 47 from South Korea, 14 from Sweden, 10 from Australia, eight from the United Kingdom (four from England, three from Scotland and one from Wales), seven from Canada, five from Taiwan, and four from Japan.
Of the 33 events in 2006, a total of 11 were won by Koreans and only seven were won by Americans. (See 2006 LPGA Tour for more details on the 2006 season.) In 2007, Americans saw a relative resurgence, winning 12 events. For the first time since 2000, two Americans won majors (See 2007 LPGA Tour for more details on the 2007 season.) In 2008, Americans grew in dominance, winning 9 of 34 events, tied with Koreans, but no majors, one of which was won by a Mexican player, one by Taiwanese player, and the other two by teenage Korean players (See 2008 LPGA Tour for more details on the 2008 season.) In 2009, Americans won 5 of 28 official events, including one major, the Kraft Nabisco Championship while Koreans won 11 events (See 2009 LPGA Tour for more details on the 2009 season.)
Most of the LPGA Tour's events are held in the United States. In 2010, two tournaments were played in Mexico and one each in Singapore, Canada, France, England, Malaysia, South Korea, Thailand, and Japan. Unofficial events were also held in Brazil and Jamaica. In 2011, the unofficial Jamaica event was dropped and a tournament in Mexico was canceled months in advance over security concerns. The Women's British Open rotated from England to Scotland and all other countries retained their tournaments. In addition, events were added in China and Taiwan, while the biennial USA–Europe team competition, the Solheim Cup was played in Ireland. (The new event in China was postponed and ultimately canceled.)
Five of the tournaments held outside North America are co-sanctioned with other professional tours. The Ladies European Tour co-sanctions the Women's British Open, The Evian Championship in France, and the Women's Australian Open (also co-sanctioned with the ALPG Tour). The other two co-sanctioned events—the LPGA Hana Bank Championship (LPGA of Korea Tour) and Mizuno Classic (LPGA of Japan Tour)—are held during the tour's autumn swing to Asia.
The LPGA's annual major championships are:
Since 2006, the LPGA has played a season-ending championship tournament. Through the 2008 season, it was known as the LPGA Playoffs at The ADT; in 2009 and 2010, it was known as the LPGA Tour Championship; and in 2011, the event became the CME Group Titleholders, held in November.
From 2006 through 2008 the LPGA schedule was divided into two halves, with 15 players from each half qualifying for the Championship based on their performance. Two wild-card selections were also included for a final field of 21 players. The winner of the LPGA Tour Championship, which features three days of "playoffs" plus the final championship round, earns $1 million.
In 2009, the Tour Championship field was increased to 120 players, with entry open to all Tour members in the top 120 on the money list as of three weeks prior to the start of the tournament. The total purse was $1.5 million with $225,000 going to the winner.
The CME Group Titleholders, which resurrects the name of a former LPGA major championship (the Titleholders Championship), was first played in 2011. From 2011 to 2013, its field was made up of three qualifiers from each official tour event during the season, specifically the top three finishers not previously qualified. Beginning in 2014, the field will be determined by a season-long points race. The winner of the points race will receive a $1 million bonus.
|Year||Number of |
|Countries hosting |
The LPGA established the Hall of Fame of Women's Golf in 1951, with four charter members: Patty Berg, Betty Jameson, Louise Suggs, and Babe Zaharias. After being inactive for several years, the Hall of Fame moved in 1967 to its first physical premises, in Augusta, Georgia, and was renamed the LPGA Tour Hall of Fame. In 1998 it merged into the World Golf Hall of Fame.
The LPGA Tour presents several annual awards. Three are awarded in competitive contests, based on scoring over the course of the year.
American golfer Nancy Lopez, in 1978, is the only player to win all three awards in the same season. Lopez was also the Tour's top money earner that season.
|Year||Player of the Year||Vare Trophy||Rookie of the Year|
|Year||Player||Country||Earnings ($)||Most wins|
|2018||Ariya Jutanugarn||2,743,949||3 – Ariya Jutanugarn, Sung Hyun Park|
|2017||Sung Hyun Park||2,335,883||3 – Shanshan Feng, In-Kyung Kim|
|2016||Ariya Jutanugarn||2,550,928||5 – Ariya Jutanugarn|
|2015||Lydia Ko||2,800,802||5 – Lydia Ko, Inbee Park|
|2014||Stacy Lewis||2,539,039||3 – Lydia Ko, Stacy Lewis, Inbee Park|
|2013||Inbee Park||2,456,619||6 – Inbee Park|
|2012||Inbee Park||2,287,080||4 – Stacy Lewis|
|2011||Yani Tseng||2,921,713||7 – Yani Tseng|
|2010||Na Yeon Choi||1,871,166||5 – Ai Miyazato|
|2009||Jiyai Shin||1,807,334||3 – Jiyai Shin, Lorena Ochoa|
|2008||Lorena Ochoa||2,754,660||7 – Lorena Ochoa|
|2007||Lorena Ochoa||4,364,994||8 – Lorena Ochoa|
|2006||Lorena Ochoa||2,592,872||6 – Lorena Ochoa|
|2005||Annika Sörenstam||2,588,240||10 – Annika Sörenstam|
|2004||Annika Sörenstam||2,544,707||8 – Annika Sörenstam|
|2003||Annika Sörenstam||2,029,506||6 – Annika Sörenstam|
|2002||Annika Sörenstam||2,863,904||11 – Annika Sörenstam|
|2001||Annika Sörenstam||2,105,868||8 – Annika Sörenstam|
|2000||Karrie Webb||1,876,853||7 – Karrie Webb|
|1999||Karrie Webb||1,591,959||6 – Karrie Webb|
|1998||Annika Sörenstam||1,092,748||4 – Annika Sörenstam, Se Ri Pak|
|1997||Annika Sörenstam||1,236,789||6 – Annika Sörenstam|
|1996||Karrie Webb||1,002,000||4 – Laura Davies, Dottie Pepper, Karrie Webb|
|1995||Annika Sörenstam||666,533||3 – Annika Sörenstam|
|1994||Laura Davies||687,201||4 – Beth Daniel|
|1993||Betsy King||595,992||3 – Brandie Burton|
|1992||Dottie Mochrie||693,335||4 – Dottie Mochrie|
|1991||Pat Bradley||763,118||4 – Pat Bradley, Meg Mallon|
|1990||Beth Daniel||863,578||7 – Beth Daniel|
|1989||Betsy King||654,132||6 – Betsy King|
|1988||Sherri Turner||350,851||3 – 5 players (see 1)|
|1987||Ayako Okamoto||466,034||5 – Jane Geddes|
|1986||Pat Bradley||492,021||5 – Pat Bradley|
|1985||Nancy Lopez||416,472||5 – Nancy Lopez|
|1984||Betsy King||266,771||4 – Patty Sheehan, Amy Alcott|
|1983||JoAnne Carner||291,404||4 – Pat Bradley, Patty Sheehan|
|1982||JoAnne Carner||310,400||5 – JoAnne Carner, Beth Daniel|
|1981||Beth Daniel||206,998||5 – Donna Caponi|
|1980||Beth Daniel||231,000||5 – Donna Caponi, JoAnne Carner|
|1979||Nancy Lopez||197,489||8 – Nancy Lopez|
|1978||Nancy Lopez||189,814||9 – Nancy Lopez|
|1977||Judy Rankin||122,890||5 – Judy Rankin, Debbie Austin|
|1976||Judy Rankin||150,734||6 – Judy Rankin|
|1975||Sandra Palmer||76,374||4 – Carol Mann, Sandra Haynie|
|1974||JoAnne Carner||87,094||6 – JoAnne Carner, Sandra Haynie|
|1973||Kathy Whitworth||82,864||7 – Kathy Whitworth|
|1972||Kathy Whitworth||65,063||5 – Kathy Whitworth, Jane Blalock|
|1971||Kathy Whitworth||41,181||5 – Kathy Whitworth|
|1970||Kathy Whitworth||30,235||4 – Shirley Englehorn|
|1969||Carol Mann||49,152||8 – Carol Mann|
|1968||Kathy Whitworth||48,379||10 – Carol Mann, Kathy Whitworth|
|1967||Kathy Whitworth||32,937||8 – Kathy Whitworth|
|1966||Kathy Whitworth||33,517||9 – Kathy Whitworth|
|1965||Kathy Whitworth||28,658||8 – Kathy Whitworth|
|1964||Mickey Wright||29,800||11 – Mickey Wright|
|1963||Mickey Wright||31,269||13 – Mickey Wright|
|1962||Mickey Wright||21,641||10 – Mickey Wright|
|1961||Mickey Wright||22,236||10 – Mickey Wright|
|1960||Louise Suggs||16,892||6 – Mickey Wright|
|1959||Betsy Rawls||26,774||10 – Betsy Rawls|
|1958||Beverly Hanson||12,639||5 – Mickey Wright|
|1957||Patty Berg||16,272||5 – Betsy Rawls, Patty Berg|
|1956||Marlene Hagge||20,235||8 – Marlene Hagge|
|1955||Patty Berg||16,492||6 – Patty Berg|
|1954||Patty Berg||16,011||5 – Louise Suggs, Babe Zaharias|
|1953||Louise Suggs||19,816||8 – Louise Suggs|
|1952||Betsy Rawls||14,505||8 – Betsy Rawls|
|1951||Babe Zaharias||15,087||7 – Babe Zaharias|
|1950||Babe Zaharias||14,800||6 – Babe Zaharias|
1 The five players with who won three titles in 1988 were Juli Inkster, Rosie Jones, Betsy King, Nancy Lopez, and Ayako Okamoto.
The table below shows the top-10 career money leaders on the LPGA Tour (from the start of their rookie seasons) as of March 5, 2018.
|8||Se Ri Pak||1998–2016||12,583,713||365|
Women's golf has a set of major championships which parallels that in men's golf, with the women's system newer and less stable than the men's. As of 2013, five tournaments are designated as majors in women's golf by the LPGA Tour.
Lorena Ochoa Reyes is a Mexican professional golfer who played on the U.S.-based LPGA Tour from 2003 to 2010. She was the top-ranked female golfer in the world for 158 consecutive and total weeks, from 23 April 2007 to her retirement in 2 May 2010, at the age of 28 years old. As the first Mexican golfer of either gender to be ranked number one in the world, she is considered the best Mexican golfer and the best Latin American female golfer of all time. Ochoa was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 2017.
Lee Seon-hwa is a South Korean professional golfer now playing on the United States LPGA Tour.
The 2006 LPGA Tour was a series of weekly golf tournaments for elite female golfers from around the world, which took place from February through December 2006. The tournaments were sanctioned by the United States-based Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA). In 2006, prize money on the LPGA Tour exceeded US$50 million for the first time in the history of the LPGA Tour.
The 2007 LPGA Tour was a series of weekly golf tournaments for elite female golfers from around the world that took place from February through December 2007. The tournaments were sanctioned by the United States-based Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA). In 2007, prize money on the LPGA Tour was $54.285 million, the highest to date.
The 2005 LPGA Tour was a series of weekly golf tournaments for elite female golfers from around the world which took place from February through December 2005. The tournaments were sanctioned by the United States-based Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA). Total prize money for all tournaments was $45,100,000.
The 2004 LPGA Tour was a series of weekly golf tournaments for elite female golfers from around the world which took place from March through December 2004. The tournaments were sanctioned by the United States-based Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA). This was the 55th season since the LPGA Tour officially began in 1950. The season consisted of 32 official money events. Total prize money for all tournaments was $42,875,000.
This article summarizes the highlights of professional and amateur golf in the year 2009.
The 2008 LPGA Tour was a series of weekly golf tournaments for elite female golfers from around the world that took place from February through December 2008. The tournaments were sanctioned by the United States-based Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA). In 2008, prize money on the LPGA Tour was $60.3 million, the then highest in the history of the tour, a record who wouldn't be broken before 2016.
Azahara Muñoz Guijarro is a Spanish professional golfer on the U.S.-based LPGA Tour and Ladies European Tour.
The 2010 LPGA Tour was a series of weekly golf tournaments for elite female golfers from around the world that began in Thailand on February 13, 2010 and ended in Florida on December 5, 2010. The tournaments were sanctioned by the United States-based Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA).
This article summarizes the highlights of professional and amateur golf in the year 2012.
Lydia Ko is a Korean-born New Zealand professional golfer who became the No. 1-ranked woman professional golfer on 2 February 2015 at 17 years, 9 months and 9 days of age, making her the youngest player of either gender to be ranked No. 1 in professional golf. Upon winning The Evian Championship in France on 13 September 2015, she became the youngest woman, at age 18 years, 4 months and 20 days, to win a major championship. Her closing round of 63 was a record lowest final round in the history of women's golf majors. On 3 April 2016, she won the ANA Inspiration, for her second consecutive major championship, where she also became the youngest player to win two women's major championships. Since turning professional in 2014, Ko has career winnings of $7,774,276 as of 26 June 2017. Additionally, she is the first LPGA Tour player to win at least $2,000,000 in each of her first three full seasons on Tour.
This article summarizes the highlights of professional and amateur golf in the year 2013.
The 2015 LPGA Tour was a series of professional golf tournaments for elite female golfers from around the world. The Tour began in Ocala, Florida on January 28 and ended on November 22 at the Gold Course of the Tiburón Golf Club in Naples, Florida. The tournaments were sanctioned by the United States-based Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA).
This article summarizes the highlights of professional and amateur golf in the year 2015.
Ko Jin-young, also known as Jin Young Ko, is a South Korean professional golfer who plays on the LPGA Tour. By age 22 years, she had won 10 times on the LPGA of Korea Tour, was second at the 2015 Ricoh Women’s British Open, and had won the 2017 LPGA KEB Hana Bank Championship.
The 2017 LPGA Tour was a series of professional golf tournaments for elite female golfers from around the world. The season began in the Bahamas on January 26 and ended on November 19 at the Tiburón Golf Club in Naples, Florida. The tournaments are sanctioned by the United States-based Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA).
Park Sung-hyun, also known as Sung Hyun Park, is a South Korean professional golfer playing on the U.S.-based LPGA Tour. In July 2017, she won the U.S. Women's Open, an LPGA major. In November 2017, she became the number one ranked golfer in the Women's World Golf Rankings. Park clinched the LPGA's Rookie of the Year Award in the penultimate month of the 2017 season. Park then went on to share Player of the Year honors with Ryu So-yeon, making Park the first player since Nancy Lopez in 1978 to win both Player and Rookie of the Year honors in the same season. Park won three times in 2018, this included a major title in July 2018 at the KPMG Women's PGA Championship. After holding the top ranking for only one week, she regained the number one spot with her win at the Indy Women in Tech Championship in August 2018. She ended the 2018 season third on the LPGA money list and ranked second in the world to Ariya Jutanugarn.