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|Location|| United States, varies|
La Jolla, California
|Established|| 1895, 126 years ago|
|Course(s)||Torrey Pines Golf Course in 2021|
|Par||71 in 2021|
|Length||7,698 yd (7,039 m) in 2021|
|Tour(s)|| PGA Tour |
Japan Golf Tour
|Prize fund||$12,500,000 in 2020|
|Tournament record score|
|Aggregate||268 Rory McIlroy (2011)|
|To par||−16 Rory McIlroy (2011)|
−16 Brooks Koepka (2017)
|2020 U.S. Open (golf)|
The United States Open Championship, commonly known as the U.S. Open, is the annual open national championship of golf in the United States. It is the third of the four major championships in golf, and is on the official schedule of both the PGA Tour and the European Tour. Since 1898 the competition has been 72 holes of stroke play (4 rounds on an 18-hole course), with the winner being the player with the lowest total number of strokes. It is staged by the United States Golf Association (USGA) in mid-June, scheduled so that, if there are no weather delays, the final round is played on the third Sunday. The U.S. Open is staged at a variety of courses, set up in such a way that scoring is very difficult, with a premium placed on accurate driving. As of 2019 the U.S. Open awards a $12.5 million purse, the largest of all four major championships and tied for largest of all PGA Tour events (The Players Championship also with $12.5 million).
The first U.S. Open was played on October 4, 1895, on a nine-hole course at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island. It was a 36-hole competition and was played in a single day. Ten professionals and one amateur entered. The winner was Horace Rawlins, a 21-year-old Englishman, who had arrived in the U.S. earlier that year to take up a position at the host club. He received $150 cash out of a prize fund of $335, plus a $50 gold medal; his club received the Open Championship Cup trophy, which was presented by the USGA.
In the beginning, the tournament was dominated by experienced British players until 1911, when John J. McDermott became the first native-born American winner. American golfers soon began to win regularly and the tournament evolved to become one of the four majors.
Since 1911, the title has been won mostly by players from the United States. Since 1950, players from only six countries other than the United States have won the championship, most notably South Africa, which has won five times since 1965. A streak of four consecutive non-American winners occurred from 2004 to 2007 for the first time since 1910. These four players, South African Retief Goosen (2004), New Zealander Michael Campbell (2005), Australian Geoff Ogilvy (2006) and Argentine Ángel Cabrera (2007), are all from countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Northern Ireland's Graeme McDowell (2010) became the first European player to win the event since Tony Jacklin of England in 1970; three more Europeans won in the next four editions, making it only three American wins in the 11 tournaments from 2004 to 2014.
U.S. Open play is characterized by tight scoring at or around par by the leaders, with the winner usually emerging at around even par. A U.S. Open course is seldom beaten severely, and there have been many over-par wins (in part because par is usually set at 70, except for the very longest courses). Normally, an Open course is quite long and will have a high cut of primary rough (termed "Open rough" by the American press and fans); undulating greens (such as at Pinehurst No. 2 in 2005, which was described by Johnny Miller of NBC as "like trying to hit a ball on top of a VW Beetle"); pinched fairways (especially on what are expected to be less difficult holes); and two or three holes that are short par fives under regular play would be used as long par fours during the tournament (often to meet that frequently used par of 70, forcing players to have accurate long drives). Some courses that are attempting to get into the rotation for the U.S. Open will undergo renovations to develop these features. Rees Jones is the most notable of the "Open Doctors" who take on these projects; his father Robert Trent Jones had filled that role earlier. As with any professional golf tournament, the available space surrounding the course (for spectators, among other considerations) and local infrastructure also factor into deciding which courses will host the event.
The U.S. Open is open to any professional, or to any amateur with a USGA Handicap Index not exceeding 1.4.Players (male or female) may obtain a place by being fully exempt or by competing successfully in qualifying. The field is 156 players.
About half of the field is made up of players who are fully exempt from qualifying. The current exemption categories are:
The exemptions for amateurs apply only if the players remain amateurs as of the tournament date, except for the U.S. Amateur. On August 5, 2019, the USGA announced a rule change stating a player may turn professional and still retain his U.S. Open exemption. Note that this tournament typically takes place after the collegiate season has ended, so players may turn professional immediately after their last collegiate event (typically the end of the NCAA final of their senior year) in order to maximize the number of FedEx Cup points they may score before the August cutoff.
Before 2011, the sole OWGR cutoff for entry was the top 50 as of two weeks before the tournament. An exemption category for the top 50 as of the tournament date was added for 2011, apparently in response to the phenomenon of golfers entering the top 50 between the original cutoff date and the tournament (such as Justin Rose and Rickie Fowler in 2010).
Through 2011, exemptions existed for leading money winners on the PGA, European, Japanese, and Australasian tours, as well as winners of multiple PGA Tour events in the year before the U.S. Open. These categories were eliminated in favor of inviting the top 60 on the OWGR at both relevant dates.Starting with the 2012 championship, an exemption was added for the winner of the current year's BMW PGA Championship, the European Tour's equivalent of The Players Championship.
Potential competitors who are not fully exempt must enter the Qualifying process, which has two stages. Firstly there is Local Qualifying, which is played over 18 holes at more than 100 courses around the United States. Many leading players are exempt from this first stage, and they join the successful local qualifiers at the Sectional Qualifying stage, which is played over 36 holes in one day at several sites in the U.S., as well as one each in Europe and Japan. There is no lower age limit and the youngest-ever qualifier was 14-year-old Andy Zhang of China, who qualified in 2012 after Paul Casey withdrew days before the tournament.
The USGA has granted a special exemption to 34 players 52 times since 1966.Players with multiple special exemptions include: Arnold Palmer (1978, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1994), Seve Ballesteros (1978, 1994), Gary Player (1981, 1983), Lee Trevino (1983, 1984), Hale Irwin (1990, 2002, 2003), Jack Nicklaus (1991, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000), Tom Watson (1993, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2010).
Irwin won the 1990 U.S. Open after accepting a special exemption. In the 2016, a special exemption was extended to former champion Retief Goosen (2001, 2004).In 2018, a special exemption was extended to former U.S. Open champions Jim Furyk (2003) and Ernie Els (1994, 1997).
The purse at the 2017 U.S. Open was $12 million, and the winner's share was $2.16 million. The European Tour uses conversion rates at the time of the tournament to calculate the official prize money used in their Race to Dubai (€10,745,927 in 2017).
In line with the other majors, winning the U.S. Open gives a golfer several privileges that make his career much more secure if he is not already one of the elite players of the sport. U.S. Open champions are automatically invited to play in the other three majors (the Masters, The Open Championship (British Open), and the PGA Championship) for the next five years. They are also automatically invited to play in The Players Championship for the next five years, and they are exempt from qualifying for the U.S. Open itself for 10 years.
Winners may also receive a five-year exemption on the PGA Tour, which is automatic for regular members. Non-PGA Tour members who win the U.S. Open have the choice of joining the PGA Tour either within 60 days of winning, or prior to the beginning of any one of the next five tour seasons.
Finally, U.S. Open winners receive automatic invitations to three of the five senior majors once they turn 50; they receive a five-year invitation to the U.S. Senior Open and a lifetime invitation to the Senior PGA Championship and Senior British Open.
The top 10 finishers at the U.S. Open are fully exempt from qualifying for the following year's Open, and the top four are automatically invited to the following season's Masters.
Up to 2017, the U.S. Open retained a full 18-hole playoff the following day (Monday). If a tie existed after that fifth round, then the playoff continued as sudden-death on the 91st hole. The U.S. Open advanced to sudden-death three times (1990, 1994, 2008), most recently when Tiger Woods defeated Rocco Mediate on the first additional playoff hole in 2008. Before sudden-death was introduced in the 1950s, additional 18-hole rounds were played (1925, 1939, and 1946) to break the tie. When the playoff was scheduled for 36 holes and ended in a tie, as in 1931, a second 36-hole playoff was required.
Since 2018, the USGA adopted a two-hole aggregate playoff format, after consulting fans, players and media partners. Sudden death will still be played if the playoff ends tied.
Willie Anderson, Bobby Jones, Ben Hogan and Jack Nicklaus hold the record for the most U.S. Open victories, with four victories each.Hale Irwin is the oldest winner of the U.S. Open at 45 years and 15 days in 1990. The youngest winner of the U.S. Open is John McDermott at 19 years, 10 months, 14 days in 1911.
|2021||Torrey Pines Golf Course, South Course||San Diego, California|
|2020||Bryson DeChambeau||United States||Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course||Mamaroneck, New York||274 (−6)||6 strokes||Matthew Wolff||2,250,000|
|2019||Gary Woodland||United States||Pebble Beach Golf Links||Pebble Beach, California||271 (−13)||3 strokes||Brooks Koepka||2,250,000|
|2018||Brooks Koepka (2)||United States||Shinnecock Hills Golf Club||Shinnecock Hills, New York||281 (+1)||1 stroke||Tommy Fleetwood||2,160,000|
|2017||Brooks Koepka||United States||Erin Hills||Erin, Wisconsin||272 (−16)||4 strokes|| Hideki Matsuyama |
|2016||Dustin Johnson||United States||Oakmont Country Club||Plum, Pennsylvania||276 (−4)||3 strokes|| Jim Furyk |
|2015||Jordan Spieth||United States||Chambers Bay||University Place, Washington||275 (−5)||1 stroke|| Dustin Johnson |
|2014||Martin Kaymer||Germany||Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2||Pinehurst, North Carolina||271 (−9)||8 strokes|| Erik Compton |
|2013||Justin Rose||England||Merion Golf Club, East Course||Ardmore, Pennsylvania||281 (+1)||2 strokes|| Jason Day |
|2012||Webb Simpson||United States||Olympic Club, Lake Course||San Francisco, California||281 (+1)||1 stroke|| Graeme McDowell |
|2011||Rory McIlroy||Northern Ireland||Congressional Country Club, Blue Course||Bethesda, Maryland||268 (−16)||8 strokes||Jason Day||1,440,000|
|2010||Graeme McDowell||Northern Ireland||Pebble Beach Golf Links||Pebble Beach, California||284 (E)||1 stroke||Grégory Havret||1,350,000|
|2009||Lucas Glover||United States||Bethpage State Park, Black Course||Farmingdale, New York||276 (−4)||2 strokes|| Ricky Barnes |
|2008||Tiger Woods (3)||United States||Torrey Pines Golf Course, South Course||San Diego, California||283 (−1)||Playoff||Rocco Mediate||1,350,000|
|2007||Ángel Cabrera||Argentina||Oakmont Country Club||Plum, Pennsylvania||285 (+5)||1 stroke|| Jim Furyk |
|2006||Geoff Ogilvy||Australia||Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course||Mamaroneck, New York||285 (+5)||1 stroke|| Jim Furyk |
|2005||Michael Campbell||New Zealand||Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2||Pinehurst, North Carolina||280 (E)||2 strokes||Tiger Woods||1,170,000|
|2004||Retief Goosen (2)||South Africa||Shinnecock Hills Golf Club||Shinnecock Hills, New York||276 (−4)||2 strokes||Phil Mickelson||1,125,000|
|2003||Jim Furyk||United States||Olympia Fields Country Club, North Course||Olympia Fields, Illinois||272 (−8)||3 strokes||Stephen Leaney||1,080,000|
|2002||Tiger Woods (2)||United States||Bethpage State Park, Black Course||Farmingdale, New York||277 (−3)||3 strokes||Phil Mickelson||1,000,000|
|2001||Retief Goosen||South Africa||Southern Hills Country Club||Tulsa, Oklahoma||276 (−4)||Playoff||Mark Brooks||900,000|
|2000||Tiger Woods||United States||Pebble Beach Golf Links||Pebble Beach, California||272 (−12)||15 strokes|| Ernie Els |
Miguel Ángel Jiménez
|1999||Payne Stewart (2)||United States||Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2||Pinehurst, North Carolina||279 (−1)||1 stroke||Phil Mickelson||625,000|
|1998||Lee Janzen (2)||United States||Olympic Club, Lake Course||San Francisco, California||280 (E)||1 stroke||Payne Stewart||535,000|
|1997||Ernie Els (2)||South Africa||Congressional Country Club, Blue Course||Bethesda, Maryland||276 (−4)||1 stroke||Colin Montgomerie||465,000|
|1996||Steve Jones||United States||Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course||Bloomfield Hills, Michigan||278 (−2)||1 stroke|| Tom Lehman |
Davis Love III
|1995||Corey Pavin||United States||Shinnecock Hills Golf Club||Shinnecock Hills, New York||280 (E)||2 strokes||Greg Norman||350,000|
|1994||Ernie Els||South Africa||Oakmont Country Club||Plum, Pennsylvania||279 (−5)||Playoff|| Colin Montgomerie |
|1993||Lee Janzen||United States||Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course||Springfield, New Jersey||272 (−8)||2 strokes||Payne Stewart||290,000|
|1992||Tom Kite||United States||Pebble Beach Golf Links||Pebble Beach, California||285 (−3)||2 strokes||Jeff Sluman||275,000|
|1991||Payne Stewart||United States||Hazeltine National Golf Club||Chaska, Minnesota||282 (−6)||Playoff||Scott Simpson||235,000|
|1990||Hale Irwin (3)||United States||Medinah Country Club, Course No. 3||Medinah, Illinois||280 (−8)||Playoff||Mike Donald||220,000|
|1989||Curtis Strange (2)||United States||Oak Hill Country Club, East Course||Rochester, New York||278 (−2)||1 stroke|| Chip Beck |
|1988||Curtis Strange||United States||The Country Club, Composite Course||Brookline, Massachusetts||278 (−6)||Playoff||Nick Faldo||180,000|
|1987||Scott Simpson||United States||Olympic Club, Lake Course||San Francisco, California||277 (−3)||1 stroke||Tom Watson||150,000|
|1986||Raymond Floyd||United States||Shinnecock Hills Golf Club||Shinnecock Hills, New York||279 (−1)||2 strokes|| Chip Beck |
|1985||Andy North (2)||United States||Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course||Bloomfield Hills, Michigan||279 (−1)||1 stroke|| Dave Barr |
|1984||Fuzzy Zoeller||United States||Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course||Mamaroneck, New York||276 (−4)||Playoff||Greg Norman||94,000|
|1983||Larry Nelson||United States||Oakmont Country Club||Plum, Pennsylvania||280 (−4)||1 stroke||Tom Watson||72,000|
|1982||Tom Watson||United States||Pebble Beach Golf Links||Pebble Beach, California||282 (−6)||2 strokes||Jack Nicklaus||60,000|
|1981||David Graham||Australia||Merion Golf Club, East Course||Ardmore, Pennsylvania||273 (−7)||3 strokes|| George Burns |
|1980||Jack Nicklaus (4)||United States||Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course||Springfield, New Jersey||272 (−8)||2 strokes||Isao Aoki||55,000|
|1979||Hale Irwin (2)||United States||Inverness Club||Toledo, Ohio||284 (E)||2 strokes|| Jerry Pate |
|1978||Andy North||United States||Cherry Hills Country Club||Cherry Hills Village, Colorado||285 (+1)||1 stroke|| J. C. Snead |
|1977||Hubert Green||United States||Southern Hills Country Club||Tulsa, Oklahoma||278 (−2)||1 stroke||Lou Graham||45,000|
|1976||Jerry Pate||United States||Atlanta Athletic Club, Highlands Course||Duluth, Georgia||277 (−3)||2 strokes|| Al Geiberger |
|1975||Lou Graham||United States||Medinah Country Club, Course No. 3||Medinah, Illinois||287 (+3)||Playoff||John Mahaffey||40,000|
|1974||Hale Irwin||United States||Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course||Mamaroneck, New York||287 (+7)||2 strokes||Forrest Fezler||35,000|
|1973||Johnny Miller||United States||Oakmont Country Club||Plum, Pennsylvania||279 (−5)||1 stroke||John Schlee||35,000|
|1972||Jack Nicklaus (3)||United States||Pebble Beach Golf Links||Pebble Beach, California||290 (+2)||3 strokes||Bruce Crampton||30,000|
|1971||Lee Trevino (2)||United States||Merion Golf Club, East Course||Ardmore, Pennsylvania||280 (E)||Playoff||Jack Nicklaus||30,000|
|1970||Tony Jacklin||England||Hazeltine National Golf Club||Chaska, Minnesota||281 (−7)||7 strokes||Dave Hill||30,000|
|1969||Orville Moody||United States||Champions Golf Club, Cypress Creek Course||Houston, Texas||281 (+1)||1 stroke|| Deane Beman |
|1968||Lee Trevino||United States||Oak Hill Country Club, East Course||Rochester, New York||275 (−5)||4 strokes||Jack Nicklaus||30,000|
|1967||Jack Nicklaus (2)||United States||Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course||Springfield, New Jersey||275 (−5)||4 strokes||Arnold Palmer||30,000|
|1966||Billy Casper (2)||United States||Olympic Club, Lake Course||San Francisco, California||278 (−2)||Playoff||Arnold Palmer||26,500|
|1965||Gary Player||South Africa||Bellerive Country Club||St. Louis, Missouri||282 (+2)||Playoff||Kel Nagle||26,000|
|1964||Ken Venturi||United States||Congressional Country Club, Blue Course||Bethesda, Maryland||278 (−2)||4 strokes||Tommy Jacobs||17,000|
|1963||Julius Boros (2)||United States||The Country Club, Composite Course||Brookline, Massachusetts||293 (+9)||Playoff|| Jacky Cupit |
|1962||Jack Nicklaus||United States||Oakmont Country Club||Plum, Pennsylvania||283 (−1)||Playoff||Arnold Palmer||17,500|
|1961||Gene Littler||United States||Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course||Bloomfield Hills, Michigan||281 (+1)||1 stroke|| Bob Goalby |
|1960||Arnold Palmer||United States||Cherry Hills Country Club||Cherry Hills Village, Colorado||280 (−4)||2 strokes||Jack Nicklaus (a)||14,400|
|1959||Billy Casper||United States||Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course||Mamaroneck, New York||282 (+2)||1 stroke||Bob Rosburg||12,000|
|1958||Tommy Bolt||United States||Southern Hills Country Club||Tulsa, Oklahoma||283 (+3)||4 strokes||Gary Player||8,000|
|1957||Dick Mayer||United States||Inverness Club||Toledo, Ohio||282 (+2)||Playoff||Cary Middlecoff||7,200|
|1956||Cary Middlecoff (2)||United States||Oak Hill Country Club, East Course||Rochester, New York||281 (+1)||1 stroke|| Julius Boros |
|1955||Jack Fleck||United States||Olympic Club, Lake Course||San Francisco, California||287 (+7)||Playoff||Ben Hogan||6,000|
|1954||Ed Furgol||United States||Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course||Springfield, New Jersey||284 (+4)||1 stroke||Gene Littler||6,000|
|1953||Ben Hogan (4)||United States||Oakmont Country Club||Plum, Pennsylvania||283 (−5)||6 strokes||Sam Snead||5,000|
|1952||Julius Boros||United States||Northwood Club||Dallas, Texas||281 (+1)||4 strokes||Ed Oliver||4,000|
|1951||Ben Hogan (3)||United States||Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course||Bloomfield Hills, Michigan||287 (+7)||2 strokes||Clayton Heafner||4,000|
|1950||Ben Hogan (2)||United States||Merion Golf Club, East Course||Ardmore, Pennsylvania||287 (+7)||Playoff|| Lloyd Mangrum (2nd),|
George Fazio (3rd)
|1949||Cary Middlecoff||United States||Medinah Country Club, Course No. 3||Medinah, Illinois||286 (+2)||1 stroke|| Clayton Heafner |
|1948||Ben Hogan||United States||Riviera Country Club||Pacific Palisades, California||276 (−8)||2 strokes||Jimmy Demaret||2,000|
|1947||Lew Worsham||United States||St. Louis Country Club||Ladue, Missouri||282 (−2)||Playoff||Sam Snead||2,500|
|1946||Lloyd Mangrum||United States||Canterbury Golf Club||Beachwood, Ohio||284 (−4)||Playoff|| Vic Ghezzi (T2)|
Byron Nelson (T2)
|1942–1945: Cancelled due to World War II|
|1941||Craig Wood||United States||Colonial Country Club||Fort Worth, Texas||284 (+4)||3 strokes||Denny Shute||1,000|
|1940||Lawson Little||United States||Canterbury Golf Club||Beachwood, Ohio||287 (−1)||Playoff||Gene Sarazen||1,000|
|1939||Byron Nelson||United States||Philadelphia Country Club, Spring Mill Course||Gladwyne, Pennsylvania||284 (−4)||Playoff|| Craig Wood (2nd),|
Denny Shute (3rd)
|1938||Ralph Guldahl (2)||United States||Cherry Hills Country Club||Cherry Hills Village, Colorado||284 (E)||6 strokes||Dick Metz||1,000|
|1937||Ralph Guldahl||United States||Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course||Bloomfield Hills, Michigan||281 (+1)||2 strokes||Sam Snead||1,000|
|1936||Tony Manero||United States||Baltusrol Golf Club, Upper Course||Springfield, New Jersey||282 (−2)||2 strokes||Harry Cooper||1,000|
|1935||Sam Parks, Jr.||United States||Oakmont Country Club||Plum, Pennsylvania||299 (+11)||2 strokes||Jimmy Thomson||1,000|
|1934||Olin Dutra||United States||Merion Golf Club, East Course||Ardmore, Pennsylvania||293 (+13)||1 stroke||Gene Sarazen||1,000|
|1933||Johnny Goodman (a)||United States||North Shore Country Club||Glenview, Illinois||287 (−1)||1 stroke||Ralph Guldahl||1,000|
|1932||Gene Sarazen (2)||United States||Fresh Meadow Country Club||Queens, New York||286 (+2)||3 strokes|| Bobby Cruickshank |
|1931||Billy Burke||United States||Inverness Club||Toledo, Ohio||292 (+4)||Playoff||George Von Elm||1,750|
|1930||Bobby Jones (a) (4)||United States||Interlachen Country Club||Edina, Minnesota||287 (−1)||2 strokes||Macdonald Smith||1,000|
|1929||Bobby Jones (a) (3)||United States||Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course||Mamaroneck, New York||294||Playoff||Al Espinosa||1,000|
|1928||Johnny Farrell||United States||Olympia Fields Country Club, North Course||Olympia Fields, Illinois||294||Playoff||Bobby Jones (a)||500|
|1927||Tommy Armour|| Scotland |
|Oakmont Country Club||Plum, Pennsylvania||301||Playoff||Harry Cooper||500|
|1926||Bobby Jones (a) (2)||United States||Scioto Country Club||Columbus, Ohio||293||1 stroke||Joe Turnesa||500|
|1925||Willie Macfarlane||Scotland||Worcester Country Club||Worcester, Massachusetts||291||Playoff||Bobby Jones (a)||500|
|1924||Cyril Walker||England||Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course||Bloomfield Hills, Michigan||297||3 strokes||Bobby Jones (a)||500|
|1923||Bobby Jones (a)||United States||Inwood Country Club||Inwood, New York||296||Playoff||Bobby Cruickshank||500|
|1922||Gene Sarazen||United States||Skokie Country Club||Glencoe, Illinois||288||1 stroke|| John Black |
Bobby Jones (a)
|1921||Jim Barnes||England||Columbia Country Club||Chevy Chase, Maryland||289||9 strokes|| Walter Hagen |
|1920||Ted Ray||Jersey||Inverness Club||Toledo, Ohio||295||1 stroke|| Jack Burke Sr. |
|1919||Walter Hagen (2)||United States||Brae Burn Country Club, Main Course||West Newton, Massachusetts||301||Playoff||Mike Brady||500|
|1917–1918: Cancelled due to World War I|
|1916||Chick Evans (a)||United States||The Minikahda Club||Minneapolis, Minnesota||286||2 strokes||Jock Hutchison||300|
|1915||Jerome Travers (a)||United States||Baltusrol Golf Club, Revised Course||Springfield, New Jersey||297||1 stroke||Tom McNamara||300|
|1914||Walter Hagen||United States||Midlothian Country Club||Midlothian, Illinois||290||1 stroke||Chick Evans (a)||300|
|1913||Francis Ouimet (a)||United States||The Country Club||Brookline, Massachusetts||304||Playoff|| Harry Vardon (2nd),|
Ted Ray (3rd)
|1912||John McDermott (2)||United States||Country Club of Buffalo||Buffalo, New York||294||2 strokes||Tom McNamara||300|
|1911||John McDermott||United States||Chicago Golf Club||Wheaton, Illinois||307||Playoff|| Mike Brady (2nd),|
George Simpson (3rd)
|1910||Alex Smith (2)||Scotland||Philadelphia Cricket Club, St. Martin's Course||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||298||Playoff|| John McDermott (2nd),|
Macdonald Smith (3rd)
|1909||George Sargent||England||Englewood Golf Club||Englewood, New Jersey||290||4 strokes||Tom McNamara||300|
|1908||Fred McLeod||Scotland||Myopia Hunt Club||South Hamilton, Massachusetts||322||Playoff||Willie Smith||300|
|1907||Alec Ross||Scotland||Philadelphia Cricket Club, St. Martin's Course||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||302||2 strokes||Gilbert Nicholls||300|
|1906||Alex Smith||Scotland||Onwentsia Club||Lake Forest, Illinois||295||7 strokes||Willie Smith||300|
|1905||Willie Anderson (4)||Scotland||Myopia Hunt Club||South Hamilton, Massachusetts||314||2 strokes||Alex Smith||200|
|1904||Willie Anderson (3)||Scotland||Glen View Club||Golf, Illinois||303||4 strokes||Gilbert Nicholls||200|
|1903||Willie Anderson (2)||Scotland||Baltusrol Golf Club, Original Course||Springfield, New Jersey||307||Playoff||David Brown||200|
|1902||Laurie Auchterlonie||Scotland||Garden City Golf Club||Garden City, New York||307||6 strokes|| Stewart Gardner |
Walter Travis (a)
|1901||Willie Anderson||Scotland||Myopia Hunt Club||South Hamilton, Massachusetts||331||Playoff||Alex Smith||200|
|1900||Harry Vardon||Jersey||Chicago Golf Club||Wheaton, Illinois||313||2 strokes||J.H. Taylor||200|
|1899||Willie Smith||Scotland||Baltimore Country Club, Roland Park Course||Baltimore, Maryland||315||11 strokes|| Val Fitzjohn |
|1898||Fred Herd||Scotland||Myopia Hunt Club||South Hamilton, Massachusetts||328||7 strokes||Alex Smith||150|
|1897||Joe Lloyd||England||Chicago Golf Club||Wheaton, Illinois||162||1 stroke||Willie Anderson||150|
|1896||James Foulis||Scotland||Shinnecock Hills Golf Club||Shinnecock Hills, New York||152||3 strokes||Horace Rawlins||150|
|1895||Horace Rawlins||England||Newport Country Club||Newport, Rhode Island||173||2 strokes||Willie Dunn||150|
(a) denotes amateur
|State totals – preceding courses are in that state|
|Division totals – Divisions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau|
|Region totals – each is composed of 2 or 3 divisions|
|Total U.S. Opens|
|Myopia Hunt Club||4||1908, 1905, 1901, 1898||MA|
|The Country Club||3||1988, 1963, 1913||MA|
|Worcester Country Club||1||1925||MA|
|Brae Burn Country Club||1||1919||MA|
|Newport Country Club||1||1895||RI|
|Total Rhode Island||1||NewEng|
|Total New England||10||NEast|
|Winged Foot Golf Club||6||2020, 2006, 1984, 1974, 1959, 1929||NY|
|Shinnecock Hills Golf Club||5||2018, 2004, 1995, 1986, 1896||NY|
|Oak Hill Country Club||3||1989, 1968, 1956||NY|
|Bethpage Black Course||2||2009, 2002||NY|
|Fresh Meadow Country Club||1||1932||NY|
|Inwood Country Club||1||1923||NY|
|Country Club of Buffalo||1||1912||NY|
|Garden City Golf Club||1||1902||NY|
|Total New York||20||MidAtl|
|Oakmont Country Club||9||2016, 2007, 1994, 1983, 1973, |
1962, 1953, 1935, 1927
|Merion Golf Club||5||2013, 1981, 1971, 1950, 1934||PA|
|Philadelphia Cricket Club||2||1910, 1907||PA|
|Philadelphia Country Club||1||1939||PA|
|Baltusrol Golf Club||7||1993, 1980, 1967, 1954, 1936, |
|Englewood Golf Club||1||1909||NJ|
|Total New Jersey||8||MidAtl|
|Congressional Country Club||3||2011, 1997, 1964||MD|
|Baltimore Country Club||1||1899||MD|
|Columbia Country Club||1||1921||MD|
|Pinehurst Resort||3||2014, 2005, 1999||NC|
|Total North Carolina||3||SthAtl|
|Atlanta Athletic Club||1||1976||GA|
|Total South Atlantic||4||South|
|Total East South Central||0||South|
|Southern Hills Country Club||3||2001, 1977, 1958||OK|
|Champions Golf Club||1||1969||TX|
|Colonial Country Club||1||1941||TX|
|Total West South Central||6||South|
|Medinah Country Club||3||1990, 1975, 1949||IL|
|Chicago Golf Club||3||1911, 1900, 1897||IL|
|Olympia Fields Country Club||2||2003, 1928||IL|
|North Shore Country Club||1||1933||IL|
|Skokie Country Club||1||1922||IL|
|Midlothian Country Club||1||1914||IL|
|Glen View Club||1||1904||IL|
|Inverness Club||4||1979, 1957, 1931, 1920||OH|
|Canterbury Golf Club||2||1946, 1940||OH|
|Scioto Country Club||1||1926||OH|
|Oakland Hills Country Club||6||1996, 1985, 1961, 1951, 1937, |
|Total East North Central||26||Midwest|
|Hazeltine National Golf Club||2||1991, 1970||MN|
|Interlachen Country Club||1||1930||MN|
|The Minikahda Club||1||1916||MN|
|Bellerive Country Club||1||1965||MO|
|St. Louis Country Club||1||1947||MO|
|Total West North Central||7||Midwest|
|Cherry Hills Country Club||3||1978, 1960, 1938||CO|
|Olympic Club||5||2012, 1998, 1987, 1966, 1955||CA|
|Pebble Beach Golf Links||6||2019, 2010, 2000, 1992, 1982, |
|Torrey Pines Golf Course||1||2008||CA|
|Riviera Country Club||1||1948||CA|
|Total U.S. Opens||120|
The eighteenth state to host the tournament was Washington in 2015, followed by Wisconsin in 2017.
There is an extensive records section on the official U.S. Open website.
Beginning with the 2020 tournament, NBCUniversal holds domestic television rights (with coverage on NBC and Golf Channel), having taken over the remainder of the 12-year deal with the USGA signed by Fox Sports in 2013 that gave it exclusive rights to USGA championships from 2015 through 2026. With the postponed 2020 U.S. Open Championship presenting a significant scheduling challenge due to its other fall sports commitments, Fox had held discussions with the USGA over broadcasting the tournament on their cable network FS1 or partnering with NBC. Ultimately, the issues led the network to transfer the final seven years of its contract entirely.
Coverage was previously televised by NBC and ESPN through 2014. NBC's first period as rightsholder began in 1995; ABC held the broadcast rights from 1966 through 1994.
In Australia, from 2015 Fox Sports Australia is the exclusive broadcaster of the U.S. open until 2018.
|Year||Edition||Course||Location||Dates||Previous championships hosted|
|2021||121st||Torrey Pines Golf Course, South Course||La Jolla, California||June 17–20||2008|
|2022||122nd||The Country Club||Brookline, Massachusetts||June 16–19||1913, 1963, 1988|
|2023||123rd||Los Angeles Country Club, North Course||Los Angeles, California||June 15–18|
|2024||124th||Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2||Pinehurst, North Carolina||June 13–16||1999, 2005, 2014|
|2025||125th||Oakmont Country Club||Plum, Pennsylvania||June 12–15||1927, 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1983, 1994, 2007, 2016|
|2026||126th||Shinnecock Hills Golf Club||Shinnecock Hills, New York||June 18–21||1896, 1986, 1995, 2004, 2018|
|2027||127th||Pebble Beach Golf Links||Pebble Beach, California||June 17–20||1972, 1982, 1992, 2000, 2010, 2019|
|2029||129th||Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2||Pinehurst, North Carolina||TBD||1999, 2005, 2014, 2024|
Pinehurst No. 2 is also slated to host the U.S. Open in 2035, 2041 and 2047.
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