U.S. Open (golf)

Last updated
U.S. Open
2020 U.S. Open (golf) logo.png
2020 logo
Tournament information
Location United States, varies
La Jolla, California
in 2021
Established 1895, 126 years ago
120 Editions
Course(s) Torrey Pines Golf Course in 2021
Par71 in 2021
Length7,698 yd (7,039 m) in 2021
Organized by USGA
Tour(s) PGA Tour
European Tour
Japan Golf Tour
Format Stroke play
Prize fund $12,500,000 in 2020
Month playedJune
Tournament record score
Aggregate268 Rory McIlroy (2011)
To par−16 Rory McIlroy (2011)
−16 Brooks Koepka (2017)
Current champion
Flag of the United States.svg Bryson DeChambeau
Golf current event.svg 2020 U.S. Open (golf)

The United States Open Championship, commonly known as the U.S. Open, is the annual open national championship of golf in the United States. It is the third of the four major championships in golf, and is on the official schedule of both the PGA Tour and the European Tour. Since 1898 the competition has been 72 holes of stroke play (4 rounds on an 18-hole course), with the winner being the player with the lowest total number of strokes. It is staged by the United States Golf Association (USGA) in mid-June, scheduled so that, if there are no weather delays, the final round is played on the third Sunday. The U.S. Open is staged at a variety of courses, set up in such a way that scoring is very difficult, with a premium placed on accurate driving. As of 2019 the U.S. Open awards a $12.5 million purse, the largest of all four major championships and tied for largest of all PGA Tour events (The Players Championship also with $12.5 million). [1]

Contents

History

The first U.S. Open was played on October 4, 1895, on a nine-hole course at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island. It was a 36-hole competition and was played in a single day. Ten professionals and one amateur entered. The winner was Horace Rawlins, a 21-year-old Englishman, who had arrived in the U.S. earlier that year to take up a position at the host club. He received $150 cash out of a prize fund of $335, plus a $50 gold medal; his club received the Open Championship Cup trophy, which was presented by the USGA. [2] [3]

In the beginning, the tournament was dominated by experienced British players until 1911, when John J. McDermott became the first native-born American winner. American golfers soon began to win regularly and the tournament evolved to become one of the four majors.

U.S. Open Trophy at the 2008 PGA Golf Show. US Open Trophy at the 2008 PGA Golf Show.jpg
U.S. Open Trophy at the 2008 PGA Golf Show.

Since 1911, the title has been won mostly by players from the United States. Since 1950, players from only six countries other than the United States have won the championship, most notably South Africa, which has won five times since 1965. A streak of four consecutive non-American winners occurred from 2004 to 2007 for the first time since 1910. These four players, South African Retief Goosen (2004), New Zealander Michael Campbell (2005), Australian Geoff Ogilvy (2006) and Argentine Ángel Cabrera (2007), are all from countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Northern Ireland's Graeme McDowell (2010) became the first European player to win the event since Tony Jacklin of England in 1970; three more Europeans won in the next four editions, making it only three American wins in the 11 tournaments from 2004 to 2014.

U.S. Open play is characterized by tight scoring at or around par by the leaders, with the winner usually emerging at around even par. A U.S. Open course is seldom beaten severely, and there have been many over-par wins (in part because par is usually set at 70, except for the very longest courses). Normally, an Open course is quite long and will have a high cut of primary rough (termed "Open rough" by the American press and fans); undulating greens (such as at Pinehurst No. 2 in 2005, which was described by Johnny Miller of NBC as "like trying to hit a ball on top of a VW Beetle"); pinched fairways (especially on what are expected to be less difficult holes); and two or three holes that are short par fives under regular play would be used as long par fours during the tournament (often to meet that frequently used par of 70, forcing players to have accurate long drives). Some courses that are attempting to get into the rotation for the U.S. Open will undergo renovations to develop these features. Rees Jones is the most notable of the "Open Doctors" who take on these projects; his father Robert Trent Jones had filled that role earlier. As with any professional golf tournament, the available space surrounding the course (for spectators, among other considerations) and local infrastructure also factor into deciding which courses will host the event.

Qualification

The U.S. Open is open to any professional, or to any amateur with a USGA Handicap Index not exceeding 1.4. [4] Players (male or female) [4] may obtain a place by being fully exempt or by competing successfully in qualifying. The field is 156 players.

About half of the field is made up of players who are fully exempt from qualifying. The current exemption categories are: [5] [6]

The exemptions for amateurs apply only if the players remain amateurs as of the tournament date, except for the U.S. Amateur. On August 5, 2019, the USGA announced a rule change stating a player may turn professional and still retain his U.S. Open exemption. Note that this tournament typically takes place after the collegiate season has ended, so players may turn professional immediately after their last collegiate event (typically the end of the NCAA final of their senior year) in order to maximize the number of FedEx Cup points they may score before the August cutoff. [8]

Before 2011, the sole OWGR cutoff for entry was the top 50 as of two weeks before the tournament. An exemption category for the top 50 as of the tournament date was added for 2011, apparently in response to the phenomenon of golfers entering the top 50 between the original cutoff date and the tournament (such as Justin Rose and Rickie Fowler in 2010). [9]

Through 2011, exemptions existed for leading money winners on the PGA, European, Japanese, and Australasian tours, as well as winners of multiple PGA Tour events in the year before the U.S. Open. These categories were eliminated in favor of inviting the top 60 on the OWGR at both relevant dates. [9] Starting with the 2012 championship, an exemption was added for the winner of the current year's BMW PGA Championship, the European Tour's equivalent of The Players Championship. [10]

Potential competitors who are not fully exempt must enter the Qualifying process, which has two stages. Firstly there is Local Qualifying, which is played over 18 holes at more than 100 courses around the United States. Many leading players are exempt from this first stage, and they join the successful local qualifiers at the Sectional Qualifying stage, which is played over 36 holes in one day at several sites in the U.S., as well as one each in Europe and Japan. There is no lower age limit and the youngest-ever qualifier was 14-year-old Andy Zhang of China, who qualified in 2012 after Paul Casey withdrew days before the tournament.

USGA special exemptions

The USGA has granted a special exemption to 34 players 52 times since 1966. [11] Players with multiple special exemptions include: Arnold Palmer (1978, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1994), Seve Ballesteros (1978, 1994), Gary Player (1981, 1983), Lee Trevino (1983, 1984), Hale Irwin (1990, 2002, 2003), Jack Nicklaus (1991, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000), Tom Watson (1993, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2010). [12]

Irwin won the 1990 U.S. Open after accepting a special exemption. In the 2016, a special exemption was extended to former champion Retief Goosen (2001, 2004). [13] In 2018, a special exemption was extended to former U.S. Open champions Jim Furyk (2003) and Ernie Els (1994, 1997). [14]

Prizes

The purse at the 2017 U.S. Open was $12 million, and the winner's share was $2.16 million. The European Tour uses conversion rates at the time of the tournament to calculate the official prize money used in their Race to Dubai (€10,745,927 in 2017).

In line with the other majors, winning the U.S. Open gives a golfer several privileges that make his career much more secure if he is not already one of the elite players of the sport. U.S. Open champions are automatically invited to play in the other three majors (the Masters, The Open Championship (British Open), and the PGA Championship) for the next five years. They are also automatically invited to play in The Players Championship for the next five years, and they are exempt from qualifying for the U.S. Open itself for 10 years.

Winners may also receive a five-year exemption on the PGA Tour, which is automatic for regular members. Non-PGA Tour members who win the U.S. Open have the choice of joining the PGA Tour either within 60 days of winning, or prior to the beginning of any one of the next five tour seasons.

Finally, U.S. Open winners receive automatic invitations to three of the five senior majors once they turn 50; they receive a five-year invitation to the U.S. Senior Open and a lifetime invitation to the Senior PGA Championship and Senior British Open.

The top 10 finishers at the U.S. Open are fully exempt from qualifying for the following year's Open, and the top four are automatically invited to the following season's Masters.

Playoff format

Up to 2017, the U.S. Open retained a full 18-hole playoff the following day (Monday). If a tie existed after that fifth round, then the playoff continued as sudden-death on the 91st hole. The U.S. Open advanced to sudden-death three times (1990, 1994, 2008), most recently when Tiger Woods defeated Rocco Mediate on the first additional playoff hole in 2008. Before sudden-death was introduced in the 1950s, additional 18-hole rounds were played (1925, 1939, and 1946) to break the tie. When the playoff was scheduled for 36 holes and ended in a tie, as in 1931, a second 36-hole playoff was required.

Since 2018, the USGA adopted a two-hole aggregate playoff format, after consulting fans, players and media partners. Sudden death will still be played if the playoff ends tied. [15]

Champions

Willie Anderson, Bobby Jones, Ben Hogan and Jack Nicklaus hold the record for the most U.S. Open victories, with four victories each. [16] Hale Irwin is the oldest winner of the U.S. Open at 45 years and 15 days in 1990. [17] The youngest winner of the U.S. Open is John McDermott at 19 years, 10 months, 14 days in 1911. [17]

YearChampionCountryVenueLocationScoreWinning
margin
Runner(s)-upWinner's
share ($)
2021 Torrey Pines Golf Course, South Course San Diego, California
2020 Bryson DeChambeau Flag of the United States.svg  United States Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 274 (−6)6 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Matthew Wolff 2,250,000
2019 Gary Woodland Flag of the United States.svg  United States Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 271 (−13)3 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Brooks Koepka 2,250,000
2018 Brooks Koepka (2)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 281 (+1)1 stroke Flag of England.svg Tommy Fleetwood 2,160,000
2017 Brooks Koepka Flag of the United States.svg  United States Erin Hills Erin, Wisconsin 272 (−16)4 strokes Flag of Japan.svg Hideki Matsuyama
Flag of the United States.svg Brian Harman
2,160,000
2016 Dustin Johnson Flag of the United States.svg  United States Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania 276 (−4)3 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Jim Furyk
Flag of Ireland.svg Shane Lowry
Flag of the United States.svg Scott Piercy
1,800,000
2015 Jordan Spieth Flag of the United States.svg  United States Chambers Bay University Place, Washington 275 (−5)1 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Dustin Johnson
Flag of South Africa.svg Louis Oosthuizen
1,800,000
2014 Martin Kaymer Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina 271 (−9)8 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Erik Compton
Flag of the United States.svg Rickie Fowler
1,620,000
2013 Justin Rose Flag of England.svg  England Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 281 (+1)2 strokes Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jason Day
Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mickelson
1,440,000
2012 Webb Simpson Flag of the United States.svg  United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California 281 (+1)1 stroke Ulster Banner.svg Graeme McDowell
Flag of the United States.svg Michael Thompson
1,440,000
2011 Rory McIlroy Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland Congressional Country Club, Blue Course Bethesda, Maryland 268 (−16)8 strokes Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jason Day 1,440,000
2010 Graeme McDowell Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 284 (E)1 stroke Flag of France.svg Grégory Havret 1,350,000
2009 Lucas Glover Flag of the United States.svg  United States Bethpage State Park, Black Course Farmingdale, New York [N 1] 276 (−4)2 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Ricky Barnes
Flag of the United States.svg David Duval
Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mickelson
1,350,000
2008 Tiger Woods (3)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Torrey Pines Golf Course, South Course San Diego, California 283 (−1)Playoff Flag of the United States.svg Rocco Mediate 1,350,000
2007 Ángel Cabrera Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania 285 (+5)1 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Jim Furyk
Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods
1,260,000
2006 Geoff Ogilvy Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 285 (+5)1 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Jim Furyk
Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mickelson
Flag of Scotland.svg Colin Montgomerie
1,225,000
2005 Michael Campbell Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina 280 (E)2 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods 1,170,000
2004 Retief Goosen (2)Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 276 (−4)2 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mickelson 1,125,000
2003 Jim Furyk Flag of the United States.svg  United States Olympia Fields Country Club, North Course Olympia Fields, Illinois 272 (−8)3 strokes Flag of Australia (converted).svg Stephen Leaney 1,080,000
2002 Tiger Woods (2)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Bethpage State Park, Black Course Farmingdale, New York [N 1] 277 (−3)3 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mickelson 1,000,000
2001 Retief Goosen Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Southern Hills Country Club Tulsa, Oklahoma 276 (−4)Playoff Flag of the United States.svg Mark Brooks 900,000
2000 Tiger Woods Flag of the United States.svg  United States Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 272 (−12)15 strokes Flag of South Africa.svg Ernie Els
Flag of Spain.svg Miguel Ángel Jiménez
800,000
1999 Payne Stewart (2)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina 279 (−1)1 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mickelson 625,000
1998 Lee Janzen (2)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California [N 2] 280 (E)1 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Payne Stewart 535,000
1997 Ernie Els (2)Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Congressional Country Club, Blue Course Bethesda, Maryland 276 (−4)1 stroke Flag of Scotland.svg Colin Montgomerie 465,000
1996 Steve Jones Flag of the United States.svg  United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 278 (−2)1 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Tom Lehman
Flag of the United States.svg Davis Love III
425,000
1995 Corey Pavin Flag of the United States.svg  United States Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 280 (E)2 strokes Flag of Australia (converted).svg Greg Norman 350,000
1994 Ernie Els Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania 279 (−5)Playoff Flag of Scotland.svg Colin Montgomerie
Flag of the United States.svg Loren Roberts
320,000
1993 Lee Janzen Flag of the United States.svg  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course Springfield, New Jersey 272 (−8)2 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Payne Stewart 290,000
1992 Tom Kite Flag of the United States.svg  United States Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 285 (−3)2 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Jeff Sluman 275,000
1991 Payne Stewart Flag of the United States.svg  United States Hazeltine National Golf Club Chaska, Minnesota 282 (−6)Playoff Flag of the United States.svg Scott Simpson 235,000
1990 Hale Irwin (3)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Medinah Country Club, Course No. 3 Medinah, Illinois 280 (−8)Playoff Flag of the United States.svg Mike Donald 220,000
1989 Curtis Strange (2)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Oak Hill Country Club, East Course Rochester, New York [N 3] 278 (−2)1 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Chip Beck
Flag of the United States.svg Mark McCumber
Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg Ian Woosnam
200,000
1988 Curtis Strange Flag of the United States.svg  United States The Country Club, Composite Course Brookline, Massachusetts 278 (−6)Playoff Flag of England.svg Nick Faldo 180,000
1987 Scott Simpson Flag of the United States.svg  United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California [N 2] 277 (−3)1 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Tom Watson 150,000
1986 Raymond Floyd Flag of the United States.svg  United States Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 279 (−1)2 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Chip Beck
Flag of the United States.svg Lanny Wadkins
115,000
1985 Andy North (2)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 279 (−1)1 stroke Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Dave Barr
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Chen Tze-chung
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Denis Watson
103,000
1984 Fuzzy Zoeller Flag of the United States.svg  United States Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 276 (−4)Playoff Flag of Australia (converted).svg Greg Norman 94,000
1983 Larry Nelson Flag of the United States.svg  United States Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania 280 (−4)1 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Tom Watson 72,000
1982 Tom Watson Flag of the United States.svg  United States Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 282 (−6)2 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus 60,000
1981 David Graham Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 273 (−7)3 strokes Flag of the United States.svg George Burns
Flag of the United States.svg Bill Rogers
55,000
1980 Jack Nicklaus (4)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course Springfield, New Jersey 272 (−8)2 strokes Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg Isao Aoki 55,000
1979 Hale Irwin (2)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio 284 (E)2 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Jerry Pate
Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Gary Player
50,000
1978 Andy North Flag of the United States.svg  United States Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hills Village, Colorado 285 (+1)1 stroke Flag of the United States.svg J. C. Snead
Flag of the United States.svg Dave Stockton
45,000
1977 Hubert Green Flag of the United States.svg  United States Southern Hills Country Club Tulsa, Oklahoma 278 (−2)1 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Lou Graham 45,000
1976 Jerry Pate Flag of the United States.svg  United States Atlanta Athletic Club, Highlands Course Duluth, Georgia [N 4] 277 (−3)2 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Al Geiberger
Flag of the United States.svg Tom Weiskopf
42,000
1975 Lou Graham Flag of the United States.svg  United States Medinah Country Club, Course No. 3 Medinah, Illinois 287 (+3)Playoff Flag of the United States.svg John Mahaffey 40,000
1974 Hale Irwin Flag of the United States.svg  United States Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 287 (+7)2 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Forrest Fezler 35,000
1973 Johnny Miller Flag of the United States.svg  United States Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania 279 (−5)1 stroke Flag of the United States.svg John Schlee 35,000
1972 Jack Nicklaus (3)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 290 (+2)3 strokes Flag of Australia (converted).svg Bruce Crampton 30,000
1971 Lee Trevino (2)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 280 (E)Playoff Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus 30,000
1970 Tony Jacklin Flag of England.svg  England Hazeltine National Golf Club Chaska, Minnesota 281 (−7)7 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Dave Hill 30,000
1969 Orville Moody Flag of the United States.svg  United States Champions Golf Club, Cypress Creek Course Houston, Texas 281 (+1)1 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Deane Beman
Flag of the United States.svg Al Geiberger
Flag of the United States.svg Bob Rosburg
30,000
1968 Lee Trevino Flag of the United States.svg  United States Oak Hill Country Club, East Course Rochester, New York [N 3] 275 (−5)4 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus 30,000
1967 Jack Nicklaus (2)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course Springfield, New Jersey 275 (−5)4 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Arnold Palmer 30,000
1966 Billy Casper (2)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California [N 2] 278 (−2)Playoff Flag of the United States.svg Arnold Palmer 26,500
1965 Gary Player Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa Bellerive Country Club St. Louis, Missouri [N 5] 282 (+2)Playoff Flag of Australia (converted).svg Kel Nagle 26,000
1964 Ken Venturi Flag of the United States.svg  United States Congressional Country Club, Blue Course Bethesda, Maryland 278 (−2)4 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Tommy Jacobs 17,000
1963 Julius Boros (2)Flag of the United States.svg  United States The Country Club, Composite Course Brookline, Massachusetts 293 (+9)Playoff Flag of the United States.svg Jacky Cupit
Flag of the United States.svg Arnold Palmer
17,500
1962 Jack Nicklaus Flag of the United States.svg  United States Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania 283 (−1)Playoff Flag of the United States.svg Arnold Palmer 17,500
1961 Gene Littler Flag of the United States.svg  United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 281 (+1)1 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Bob Goalby
Flag of the United States.svg Doug Sanders
14,000
1960 Arnold Palmer Flag of the United States (1959-1960).svg  United States Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hills Village, Colorado 280 (−4)2 strokes Flag of the United States (1959-1960).svg Jack Nicklaus (a)14,400
1959 Billy Casper Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 282 (+2)1 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bob Rosburg 12,000
1958 Tommy Bolt Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Southern Hills Country Club Tulsa, Oklahoma 283 (+3)4 strokes Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Gary Player 8,000
1957 Dick Mayer Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio 282 (+2)Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Cary Middlecoff 7,200
1956 Cary Middlecoff (2)Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Oak Hill Country Club, East Course Rochester, New York [N 3] 281 (+1)1 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Julius Boros
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ben Hogan
6,000
1955 Jack Fleck Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California [N 2] 287 (+7)Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ben Hogan 6,000
1954 Ed Furgol Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course Springfield, New Jersey 284 (+4)1 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Gene Littler 6,000
1953 Ben Hogan (4)Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania 283 (−5)6 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sam Snead 5,000
1952 Julius Boros Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Northwood Club Dallas, Texas 281 (+1)4 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ed Oliver 4,000
1951 Ben Hogan (3)Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 287 (+7)2 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Clayton Heafner 4,000
1950 Ben Hogan (2)Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 287 (+7)Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Lloyd Mangrum (2nd),
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg George Fazio (3rd)
4,000
1949 Cary Middlecoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Medinah Country Club, Course No. 3 Medinah, Illinois 286 (+2)1 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Clayton Heafner
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sam Snead
2,000
1948 Ben Hogan Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Riviera Country Club Pacific Palisades, California [N 6] 276 (−8)2 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jimmy Demaret 2,000
1947 Lew Worsham Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States St. Louis Country Club Ladue, Missouri 282 (−2)Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sam Snead 2,500
1946 Lloyd Mangrum Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Canterbury Golf Club Beachwood, Ohio 284 (−4)Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Vic Ghezzi (T2)
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Byron Nelson (T2)
1,833
1942–1945: Cancelled due to World War II
1941 Craig Wood Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Colonial Country Club Fort Worth, Texas 284 (+4)3 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Denny Shute 1,000
1940 Lawson Little Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Canterbury Golf Club Beachwood, Ohio 287 (−1)Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Gene Sarazen 1,000
1939 Byron Nelson Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Philadelphia Country Club, Spring Mill Course Gladwyne, Pennsylvania 284 (−4)Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Craig Wood (2nd),
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Denny Shute (3rd)
1,000
1938 Ralph Guldahl (2)Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hills Village, Colorado 284 (E)6 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Dick Metz 1,000
1937 Ralph Guldahl Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 281 (+1)2 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sam Snead 1,000
1936 Tony Manero Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Upper Course Springfield, New Jersey 282 (−2)2 strokes Flag of England.svg Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Harry Cooper 1,000
1935 Sam Parks, Jr. Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania 299 (+11)2 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jimmy Thomson 1,000
1934 Olin Dutra Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 293 (+13)1 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Gene Sarazen 1,000
1933 Johnny Goodman (a)Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States North Shore Country Club Glenview, Illinois 287 (−1)1 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ralph Guldahl 1,000
1932 Gene Sarazen (2)Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Fresh Meadow Country Club Queens, New York 286 (+2)3 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Bobby Cruickshank
Flag of England.svg Philip Perkins
1,000
1931 Billy Burke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio 292 (+4)Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg George Von Elm 1,750
1930 Bobby Jones (a) (4)Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Interlachen Country Club Edina, Minnesota 287 (−1)2 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Macdonald Smith 1,000
1929 Bobby Jones (a) (3)Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 294Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Al Espinosa 1,000
1928 Johnny Farrell Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Olympia Fields Country Club, North Course Olympia Fields, Illinois 294Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (a)500
1927 Tommy Armour Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States
Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania 301Playoff Flag of England.svg Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Harry Cooper 500
1926 Bobby Jones (a) (2)Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Scioto Country Club Columbus, Ohio 2931 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Joe Turnesa 500
1925 Willie Macfarlane Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Worcester Country Club Worcester, Massachusetts 291Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (a)500
1924 Cyril Walker Flag of England.svg  England Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 2973 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (a)500
1923 Bobby Jones (a)Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Inwood Country Club Inwood, New York 296Playoff Flag of Scotland.svg Bobby Cruickshank 500
1922 Gene Sarazen Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Skokie Country Club Glencoe, Illinois 2881 stroke Flag of Scotland.svg John Black
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (a)
500
1921 Jim Barnes Flag of England.svg  England Columbia Country Club Chevy Chase, Maryland 2899 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Walter Hagen
Flag of Scotland.svg Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Fred McLeod
500
1920 Ted Ray Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg  Jersey Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio 2951 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jack Burke Sr.
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Leo Diegel
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jock Hutchison
Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg Harry Vardon
500
1919 Walter Hagen (2)Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Brae Burn Country Club, Main Course West Newton, Massachusetts 301Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Mike Brady 500
1917–1918: Cancelled due to World War I
1916 Chick Evans (a)Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States The Minikahda Club Minneapolis, Minnesota 2862 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Jock Hutchison 300
1915 Jerome Travers (a)Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Revised Course Springfield, New Jersey 2971 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Tom McNamara 300
1914 Walter Hagen Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Midlothian Country Club Midlothian, Illinois 2901 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Chick Evans (a)300
1913 Francis Ouimet (a)Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States The Country Club Brookline, Massachusetts 304Playoff Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg Harry Vardon (2nd),
Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg Ted Ray (3rd)
300
1912 John McDermott (2)Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Country Club of Buffalo Buffalo, New York 2942 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Tom McNamara 300
1911 John McDermott Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg  United States Chicago Golf Club Wheaton, Illinois 307Playoff Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg Mike Brady (2nd),
Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg George Simpson (3rd)
300
1910 Alex Smith (2)Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Philadelphia Cricket Club, St. Martin's Course Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 298Playoff Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg John McDermott (2nd),
Flag of Scotland.svg Macdonald Smith (3rd)
300
1909 George Sargent Flag of England.svg  England Englewood Golf Club Englewood, New Jersey 2904 strokes Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg Tom McNamara 300
1908 Fred McLeod Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts 322Playoff Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Smith 300
1907 Alec Ross Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Philadelphia Cricket Club, St. Martin's Course Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 3022 strokes Flag of England.svg Gilbert Nicholls 300
1906 Alex Smith Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Onwentsia Club Lake Forest, Illinois 2957 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Smith 300
1905 Willie Anderson (4)Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts 3142 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Alex Smith 200
1904 Willie Anderson (3)Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Glen View Club Golf, Illinois 3034 strokes Flag of England.svg Gilbert Nicholls 200
1903 Willie Anderson (2)Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Baltusrol Golf Club, Original Course Springfield, New Jersey 307Playoff Flag of Scotland.svg David Brown 200
1902 Laurie Auchterlonie Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Garden City Golf Club Garden City, New York 3076 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Stewart Gardner
Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg Walter Travis (a)
200
1901 Willie Anderson Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts 331Playoff Flag of Scotland.svg Alex Smith 200
1900 Harry Vardon Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg  Jersey Chicago Golf Club Wheaton, Illinois 3132 strokes Flag of England.svg J.H. Taylor 200
1899 Willie Smith Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Baltimore Country Club, Roland Park Course Baltimore, Maryland 31511 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Val Fitzjohn
Flag of Scotland.svg George Low
Flag of England.svg Bert Way
150
1898 Fred Herd Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts 3287 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Alex Smith 150
1897 Joe Lloyd Flag of England.svg  England Chicago Golf Club Wheaton, Illinois 1621 stroke Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Anderson 150
1896 James Foulis Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 1523 strokes Flag of England.svg Horace Rawlins 150
1895 Horace Rawlins Flag of England.svg  England Newport Country Club Newport, Rhode Island 1732 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Dunn 150

(a) denotes amateur

Summary by course, state and region

Legend
State totals – preceding courses are in that state
Division totals – Divisions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau
Region totals – each is composed of 2 or 3 divisions
Total U.S. Opens
Col. 4 shows larger region which contains entity in col. 1
Course/State/RegionNo.Years hostedGeog.
sort
Myopia Hunt Club 41908, 1905, 1901, 1898MA
The Country Club 31988, 1963, 1913MA
Worcester Country Club 11925MA
Brae Burn Country Club 11919MA
Total Massachusetts 9NewEng
Newport Country Club 11895RI
Total Rhode Island 1NewEng
Total New England 10NEast
Winged Foot Golf Club 62020, 2006, 1984, 1974, 1959, 1929NY
Shinnecock Hills Golf Club 52018, 2004, 1995, 1986, 1896NY
Oak Hill Country Club 31989, 1968, 1956NY
Bethpage Black Course 22009, 2002NY
Fresh Meadow Country Club 11932NY
Inwood Country Club 11923NY
Country Club of Buffalo 11912NY
Garden City Golf Club 11902NY
Total New York 20MidAtl
Oakmont Country Club 92016, 2007, 1994, 1983, 1973,
1962, 1953, 1935, 1927
PA
Merion Golf Club 52013, 1981, 1971, 1950, 1934PA
Philadelphia Cricket Club 21910, 1907PA
Philadelphia Country Club 11939PA
Total Pennsylvania 17MidAtl
Baltusrol Golf Club 71993, 1980, 1967, 1954, 1936,
1915, 1903
NJ
Englewood Golf Club 11909NJ
Total New Jersey 8MidAtl
Congressional Country Club 32011, 1997, 1964MD
Baltimore Country Club 11899MD
Columbia Country Club 11921MD
Total Maryland 5MidAtl
Total Mid-Atlantic 49NEast
Total Northeast 59USA
Pinehurst Resort 32014, 2005, 1999NC
Total North Carolina 3SthAtl
Atlanta Athletic Club 11976GA
Total Georgia 1SthAtl
Total South Atlantic 4South
Total East South Central 0South
Southern Hills Country Club 32001, 1977, 1958OK
Total Oklahoma 3WSC
Champions Golf Club 11969TX
Colonial Country Club 11941TX
Northwood Club 11952TX
Total Texas 3WSC
Total West South Central 6South
Total South 10USA
Medinah Country Club 31990, 1975, 1949IL
Chicago Golf Club 31911, 1900, 1897IL
Olympia Fields Country Club 22003, 1928IL
North Shore Country Club 11933IL
Skokie Country Club 11922IL
Midlothian Country Club 11914IL
Onwentsia Club 11906IL
Glen View Club 11904IL
Total Illinois 13ENC
Inverness Club 41979, 1957, 1931, 1920OH
Canterbury Golf Club 21946, 1940OH
Scioto Country Club 11926OH
Total Ohio 7ENC
Oakland Hills Country Club 61996, 1985, 1961, 1951, 1937,
1924
MI
Total Michigan 6ENC
Total East North Central 26Midwest
Hazeltine National Golf Club 21991, 1970MN
Interlachen Country Club 11930MN
The Minikahda Club 11916MN
Total Minnesota 4WNC
Bellerive Country Club 11965MO
St. Louis Country Club 11947MO
Total Missouri 2WNC
Erin Hills 12017WI
Total Wisconsin 1WNC
Total West North Central 7Midwest
Total Midwest 33USA
Cherry Hills Country Club 31978, 1960, 1938CO
Total Colorado 3Mtn
Total Mountain 3West
Olympic Club 52012, 1998, 1987, 1966, 1955CA
Pebble Beach Golf Links 62019, 2010, 2000, 1992, 1982,
1972
CA
Torrey Pines Golf Course 12008CA
Riviera Country Club 11948CA
Total California 13Pac
Chambers Bay 12015WA
Total Washington 1Pac
Total Pacific 14West
Total West 17USA
Total U.S. Opens 120

The eighteenth state to host the tournament was Washington in 2015, followed by Wisconsin in 2017.

Records

There is an extensive records section on the official U.S. Open website. [20]

Broadcasting

Beginning with the 2020 tournament, NBCUniversal holds domestic television rights (with coverage on NBC and Golf Channel), having taken over the remainder of the 12-year deal with the USGA signed by Fox Sports in 2013 that gave it exclusive rights to USGA championships from 2015 through 2026. With the postponed 2020 U.S. Open Championship presenting a significant scheduling challenge due to its other fall sports commitments, Fox had held discussions with the USGA over broadcasting the tournament on their cable network FS1 or partnering with NBC. Ultimately, the issues led the network to transfer the final seven years of its contract entirely. [21] [22] [23]

Coverage was previously televised by NBC and ESPN through 2014. NBC's first period as rightsholder began in 1995; ABC held the broadcast rights from 1966 through 1994. [24]

In Australia, from 2015 Fox Sports Australia is the exclusive broadcaster of the U.S. open until 2018. [25]

Future sites

YearEditionCourseLocationDatesPrevious championships hosted
2021121st Torrey Pines Golf Course, South Course La Jolla, California June 17–20 2008
2022122nd The Country Club Brookline, Massachusetts June 16–19 1913, 1963, 1988
2023123rd Los Angeles Country Club, North Course Los Angeles, California June 15–18
2024124th Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina June 13–16 1999, 2005, 2014
2025125th Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania June 12–15 1927, 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1983, 1994, 2007, 2016
2026126th Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York June 18–21 1896, 1986, 1995, 2004, 2018
2027127th Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California June 17–20 1972, 1982, 1992, 2000, 2010, 2019
2028128thTBDTBDTBDTBD
2029129thPinehurst Resort, Course No. 2Pinehurst, North CarolinaTBD1999, 2005, 2014, 2024

Pinehurst No. 2 is also slated to host the U.S. Open in 2035, 2041 and 2047. [26]

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 Most of the course lies within the hamlet of Old Bethpage, but the clubhouse is in Farmingdale, and the park has a Farmingdale postal address. Both places are within the Town of Oyster Bay.
  2. 1 2 3 4 The course straddles the border between Daly City and San Francisco; the club's postal address is in San Francisco.
  3. 1 2 3 The club has a Rochester postal address, but is located in the adjacent town of Pittsford.
  4. The club is located in a portion of the Duluth postal area that became part of the newly incorporated city of Johns Creek in 2006. Although the club is still served by the Duluth post office, it now lists its mailing address as Johns Creek.
  5. The club has a St. Louis postal address, but is located in the Missouri suburb of Town and Country.
  6. Pacific Palisades is a neighborhood within the city of Los Angeles that has a unique postal identity.

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