U.S. Open (golf)

Last updated
U.S. Open
Tournament information
Location Brookline, Massachusetts, United States
Established1895
Course(s) The Country Club
Par70
Length7,264 yards (6,642 m)
Organized by USGA
Tour(s) PGA Tour
European Tour
Japan Golf Tour
Format Stroke play
Prize fund US$17,500,000
Month playedJune
Tournament record score
Aggregate268 Rory McIlroy (2011)
To par−16 Rory McIlroy (2011)
−16 Brooks Koepka (2017)
Current champion
Flag of England.svg Matt Fitzpatrick
Golf current event.svg 2022 U.S. Open (golf)
Location Map
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Icona golf.svg
The Country Club
Location in the United States
Relief map of USA Massachusetts.png
Icona golf.svg
The Country Club
Location in Massachusetts

The United States Open Championship, commonly known as the U.S. Open, is the annual open national championship of golf in the United States. It is the third of the four major championships in golf, and is on the official schedule of both the PGA Tour and the European Tour. Since 1898 the competition has been 72 holes of stroke play (4 rounds on an 18-hole course), with the winner being the player with the lowest total number of strokes. It is staged by the United States Golf Association (USGA) in mid-June, scheduled so that, if there are no weather delays, the final round is played on the third Sunday. The U.S. Open is staged at a variety of courses, set up in such a way that scoring is very difficult, with a premium placed on accurate driving. [1] [2] As of 2022, the U.S. Open awards a $17.5 million purse, the largest of all four major championships. [3]

Contents

History

The first U.S. Open was played on October 4, 1895, on a nine-hole course at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island. It was a 36-hole competition and was played in a single day. Ten professionals and one amateur entered. The winner was Horace Rawlins, a 21-year-old Englishman, who had arrived in the U.S. earlier that year to take up a position at the host club. He received $150 cash out of a prize fund of $335, plus a $50 gold medal; his club received the Open Championship Cup trophy, which was presented by the USGA. [4] [5]

In the beginning, the tournament was dominated by experienced British players until 1911, when John J. McDermott became the first native-born American winner. American golfers soon began to win regularly and the tournament evolved to become one of the four majors.

U.S. Open Trophy at the 2008 PGA Golf Show. US Open Trophy at the 2008 PGA Golf Show.jpg
U.S. Open Trophy at the 2008 PGA Golf Show.

Since 1911, the title has been won mostly by players from the United States. Since 1950, players from only six countries other than the United States have won the championship, most notably South Africa, which has won five times since 1965. A streak of four consecutive non-American winners occurred from 2004 to 2007 for the first time since 1910. These four players, South African Retief Goosen (2004), New Zealander Michael Campbell (2005), Australian Geoff Ogilvy (2006) and Argentine Ángel Cabrera (2007), are all from countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Northern Ireland's Graeme McDowell (2010) became the first European player to win the event since Tony Jacklin of England in 1970; three more Europeans won in the next four editions, making it only three American wins in the 11 tournaments from 2004 to 2014.

U.S. Open play is characterized by tight scoring at or around par by the leaders, with the winner usually emerging at around even par. A U.S. Open course is seldom beaten severely, and there have been many over-par wins (in part because par is usually set at 70, except for the very longest courses). Normally, an Open course is quite long and will have a high cut of primary rough (termed "Open rough" by the American press and fans); undulating greens (such as at Pinehurst No. 2 in 2005, which was described by Johnny Miller of NBC as "like trying to hit a ball on top of a VW Beetle"); pinched fairways (especially on what are expected to be less difficult holes); and two or three holes that are short par fives under regular play would be used as long par fours during the tournament (often to meet that frequently used par of 70, forcing players to have accurate long drives). Some courses that are attempting to get into the rotation for the U.S. Open will undergo renovations to develop these features. Rees Jones is the most notable of the "Open Doctors" who take on these projects; his father Robert Trent Jones had filled that role earlier. As with any professional golf tournament, the available space surrounding the course (for spectators, among other considerations) and local infrastructure also factor into deciding which courses will host the event.

Qualification

The U.S. Open is open to any professional, or to any amateur with a USGA Handicap Index not exceeding 1.4. [6] Players (male or female) [6] may obtain a place by being fully exempt or by competing successfully in qualifying. The field is 156 players.

About half of the field is made up of players who are fully exempt from qualifying. The current exemption categories are: [7] [8]

The exemptions for amateurs apply only if the players remain amateurs as of the tournament date, except for the U.S. Amateur champion. On August 5, 2019, the USGA announced a rule change stating a player may turn professional and still retain his U.S. Open exemption. Note that this tournament typically takes place after the collegiate season has ended, so players may turn professional immediately after their last collegiate event (typically the end of the NCAA final of their senior year) in order to maximize the number of FedEx Cup points they may score before the August cutoff to avoid qualifying school. [11]

Before 2011, the sole OWGR cutoff for entry was the top 50 as of two weeks before the tournament. An exemption category for the top 50 as of the tournament date was added for 2011, apparently in response to the phenomenon of golfers entering the top 50 between the original cutoff date and the tournament (such as Justin Rose and Rickie Fowler in 2010). [12]

Through 2011, exemptions existed for leading money winners on the PGA, European, Japanese, and Australasian tours, as well as winners of multiple PGA Tour events in the year before the U.S. Open. These categories were eliminated in favor of inviting the top 60 on the OWGR at both relevant dates. [12] Starting with the 2012 championship, an exemption was added for the winner of the current year's BMW PGA Championship, the European Tour's equivalent of The Players Championship. [13]

Potential competitors who are not fully exempt must enter the Qualifying process, which has two stages. Firstly there is Local Qualifying, which is played over 18 holes at more than 100 courses around the United States. Many leading players are exempt from this first stage, and they join the successful local qualifiers at the Sectional Qualifying stage, which is played over 36 holes in one day at several sites in the U.S., as well as one each in Europe and Japan. There is no lower age limit and the youngest-ever qualifier was 14-year-old Andy Zhang of China, who qualified in 2012 after Paul Casey withdrew days before the tournament.

USGA special exemptions

The USGA has granted a special exemption to 34 players 52 times since 1966. [14] Players with multiple special exemptions include: Arnold Palmer (1978, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1994), Seve Ballesteros (1978, 1994), Gary Player (1981, 1983), Lee Trevino (1983, 1984), Hale Irwin (1990, 2002, 2003), Jack Nicklaus (1991, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000), Tom Watson (1993, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2010). [15]

Irwin won the 1990 U.S. Open after accepting a special exemption. In 2016, a special exemption was extended to former champion Retief Goosen (2001, 2004). [16] In 2018, a special exemption was extended to former U.S. Open champions Jim Furyk (2003) and Ernie Els (1994, 1997). [17]

Prizes

The purse at the 2017 U.S. Open was $12 million, and the winner's share was $2.16 million. The European Tour uses conversion rates at the time of the tournament to calculate the official prize money used in their Race to Dubai (€10,745,927 in 2017).

In line with the other majors, winning the U.S. Open gives a golfer several privileges that make his career much more secure if he is not already one of the elite players of the sport. U.S. Open champions are automatically invited to play in the other three majors (the Masters, The Open Championship (British Open), and the PGA Championship) for the next five years. They are also automatically invited to play in The Players Championship for the next five years, and they are exempt from qualifying for the U.S. Open itself for 10 years.

Winners may also receive a five-year exemption on the PGA Tour, which is automatic for regular members. Non-PGA Tour members who win the U.S. Open have the choice of joining the PGA Tour either within 60 days of winning, or prior to the beginning of any one of the next five tour seasons.

Finally, U.S. Open winners receive automatic invitations to three of the five senior majors once they turn 50; they receive a five-year invitation to the U.S. Senior Open and a lifetime invitation to the Senior PGA Championship and Senior British Open.

The top 10 finishers at the U.S. Open are fully exempt from qualifying for the following year's Open, and the top four are automatically invited to the following season's Masters.

Playoff format

Up to 2017, the U.S. Open retained a full 18-hole playoff the following day (Monday). If a tie existed after that fifth round, then the playoff continued as sudden-death on the 91st hole. The U.S. Open advanced to sudden-death three times (1990, 1994, 2008), most recently when Tiger Woods defeated Rocco Mediate on the first additional playoff hole in 2008. Before sudden-death was introduced in the 1950s, additional 18-hole rounds were played (1925, 1939, and 1946) to break the tie. When the playoff was scheduled for 36 holes and ended in a tie, as in 1931, a second 36-hole playoff was required.

Since 2018, the USGA adopted a two-hole aggregate playoff format, after consulting fans, players and media partners. Sudden death will still be played if the playoff ends tied. [18]

Winners

YearWinnerScoreTo parMargin of
victory
Runner(s)-upWinner's
share ($)
VenueLocation
2022 Flag of England.svg Matt Fitzpatrick 274−61 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Scottie Scheffler
Flag of the United States.svg Will Zalatoris
3,150,000 The Country Club
(Composite Course)
Brookline, Massachusetts
2021 Flag of Spain.svg Jon Rahm 278−61 stroke Flag of South Africa.svg Louis Oosthuizen 2,250,000 Torrey Pines
(South Course)
San Diego, California
2020 Flag of the United States.svg Bryson DeChambeau 274−66 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Matthew Wolff 2,250,000 Winged Foot
(West Course)
Mamaroneck, New York
2019 Flag of the United States.svg Gary Woodland 271−133 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Brooks Koepka 2,250,000 Pebble Beach Pebble Beach, California
2018 Flag of the United States.svg Brooks Koepka (2)281+11 stroke Flag of England.svg Tommy Fleetwood 2,160,000 Shinnecock Hills Shinnecock Hills, New York
2017 Flag of the United States.svg Brooks Koepka 272−164 strokes Flag of Japan.svg Hideki Matsuyama
Flag of the United States.svg Brian Harman
2,160,000 Erin Hills Erin, Wisconsin
2016 Flag of the United States.svg Dustin Johnson 276−43 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Jim Furyk
Flag of Ireland.svg Shane Lowry
Flag of the United States.svg Scott Piercy
1,800,000 Oakmont Plum, Pennsylvania
2015 Flag of the United States.svg Jordan Spieth 275−51 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Dustin Johnson
Flag of South Africa.svg Louis Oosthuizen
1,800,000 Chambers Bay University Place, Washington
2014 Flag of Germany.svg Martin Kaymer 271−98 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Erik Compton
Flag of the United States.svg Rickie Fowler
1,620,000 Pinehurst Resort
(Course No. 2)
Pinehurst, North Carolina
2013 Flag of England.svg Justin Rose 281+12 strokes Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jason Day
Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mickelson
1,440,000 Merion
(East Course)
Ardmore, Pennsylvania
2012 Flag of the United States.svg Webb Simpson 281+11 stroke Ulster Banner.svg Graeme McDowell
Flag of the United States.svg Michael Thompson
1,440,000 Olympic Club
(Lake Course)
San Francisco, California [lower-alpha 1]
2011 Ulster Banner.svg Rory McIlroy 268−168 strokes Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jason Day 1,440,000 Congressional
(Blue Course)
Bethesda, Maryland
2010 Ulster Banner.svg Graeme McDowell 284E1 stroke Flag of France.svg Grégory Havret 1,350,000 Pebble Beach Pebble Beach, California
2009 Flag of the United States.svg Lucas Glover 276−42 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Ricky Barnes
Flag of the United States.svg David Duval
Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mickelson
1,350,000 Bethpage State Park
(Black Course)
Farmingdale, New York [lower-alpha 2]
2008 Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods (3)283−1Playoff Flag of the United States.svg Rocco Mediate 1,350,000 Torrey Pines
(South Course)
San Diego, California
2007 Flag of Argentina.svg Ángel Cabrera 285+51 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Jim Furyk
Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods
1,260,000 Oakmont Plum, Pennsylvania
2006 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Geoff Ogilvy 285+51 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Jim Furyk
Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mickelson
Flag of Scotland.svg Colin Montgomerie
1,225,000 Winged Foot
(West Course)
Mamaroneck, New York
2005 Flag of New Zealand.svg Michael Campbell 280E2 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods 1,170,000 Pinehurst Resort
(Course No. 2)
Pinehurst, North Carolina
2004 Flag of South Africa.svg Retief Goosen (2)276−42 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mickelson 1,125,000 Shinnecock Hills Shinnecock Hills, New York
2003 Flag of the United States.svg Jim Furyk 272−83 strokes Flag of Australia (converted).svg Stephen Leaney 1,080,000 Olympia Fields
(North Course)
Olympia Fields, Illinois
2002 Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods (2)277−33 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mickelson 1,000,000 Bethpage State Park
(Black Course)
Farmingdale, New York [lower-alpha 2]
2001 Flag of South Africa.svg Retief Goosen 276−4Playoff Flag of the United States.svg Mark Brooks 900,000 Southern Hills Tulsa, Oklahoma
2000 Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods 272−1215 strokes Flag of South Africa.svg Ernie Els
Flag of Spain.svg Miguel Ángel Jiménez
800,000 Pebble Beach Pebble Beach, California
1999 Flag of the United States.svg Payne Stewart (2)279−11 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mickelson 625,000 Pinehurst Resort
(Course No. 2)
Pinehurst, North Carolina
1998 Flag of the United States.svg Lee Janzen (2)280E1 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Payne Stewart 535,000 Olympic Club
(Lake Course)
San Francisco, California [lower-alpha 1]
1997 Flag of South Africa.svg Ernie Els (2)276−41 stroke Flag of Scotland.svg Colin Montgomerie 465,000 Congressional
(Blue Course)
Bethesda, Maryland
1996 Flag of the United States.svg Steve Jones 278−21 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Tom Lehman
Flag of the United States.svg Davis Love III
425,000 Oakland Hills
(South Course)
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
1995 Flag of the United States.svg Corey Pavin 280E2 strokes Flag of Australia (converted).svg Greg Norman 350,000 Shinnecock Hills Shinnecock Hills, New York
1994 Flag of South Africa.svg Ernie Els 279−5Playoff Flag of Scotland.svg Colin Montgomerie
Flag of the United States.svg Loren Roberts
320,000 Oakmont Plum, Pennsylvania
1993 Flag of the United States.svg Lee Janzen 272−82 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Payne Stewart 290,000 Baltusrol
(Lower Course)
Springfield, New Jersey
1992 Flag of the United States.svg Tom Kite 285−32 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Jeff Sluman 275,000 Pebble Beach Pebble Beach, California
1991 Flag of the United States.svg Payne Stewart 282−6Playoff Flag of the United States.svg Scott Simpson 235,000 Hazeltine National Chaska, Minnesota
1990 Flag of the United States.svg Hale Irwin (3)280−8Playoff Flag of the United States.svg Mike Donald 220,000 Medinah
(Course No. 3)
Medinah, Illinois
1989 Flag of the United States.svg Curtis Strange (2)278−21 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Chip Beck
Flag of the United States.svg Mark McCumber
Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg Ian Woosnam
200,000 Oak Hill
(East Course)
Rochester, New York [lower-alpha 3]
1988 Flag of the United States.svg Curtis Strange 278−6Playoff Flag of England.svg Nick Faldo 180,000 The Country Club
(Composite Course)
Brookline, Massachusetts
1987 Flag of the United States.svg Scott Simpson 277−31 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Tom Watson 150,000 Olympic Club
(Lake Course)
San Francisco, California [lower-alpha 1]
1986 Flag of the United States.svg Raymond Floyd 279−12 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Chip Beck
Flag of the United States.svg Lanny Wadkins
115,000 Shinnecock Hills Shinnecock Hills, New York
1985 Flag of the United States.svg Andy North (2)279−11 stroke Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Dave Barr
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Chen Tze-chung
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Denis Watson
103,000 Oakland Hills
(South Course)
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
1984 Flag of the United States.svg Fuzzy Zoeller 276−4Playoff Flag of Australia (converted).svg Greg Norman 94,000 Winged Foot
(West Course)
Mamaroneck, New York
1983 Flag of the United States.svg Larry Nelson 280−41 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Tom Watson 72,000 Oakmont Plum, Pennsylvania
1982 Flag of the United States.svg Tom Watson 282−62 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus 60,000 Pebble Beach Pebble Beach, California
1981 Flag of Australia (converted).svg David Graham 273−73 strokes Flag of the United States.svg George Burns
Flag of the United States.svg Bill Rogers
55,000 Merion
(East Course)
Ardmore, Pennsylvania
1980 Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (4)272−82 strokes Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg Isao Aoki 55,000 Baltusrol
(Lower Course)
Springfield, New Jersey
1979 Flag of the United States.svg Hale Irwin (2)284E2 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Jerry Pate
Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Gary Player
50,000 Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio
1978 Flag of the United States.svg Andy North 285+11 stroke Flag of the United States.svg J. C. Snead
Flag of the United States.svg Dave Stockton
45,000 Cherry Hills Cherry Hills Village, Colorado
1977 Flag of the United States.svg Hubert Green 278−21 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Lou Graham 45,000 Southern Hills Tulsa, Oklahoma
1976 Flag of the United States.svg Jerry Pate 277−32 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Al Geiberger
Flag of the United States.svg Tom Weiskopf
42,000 Atlanta Athletic Club
(Highlands Course)
Duluth, Georgia [lower-alpha 4]
1975 Flag of the United States.svg Lou Graham 287+3Playoff Flag of the United States.svg John Mahaffey 40,000 Medinah
(Course No. 3)
Medinah, Illinois
1974 Flag of the United States.svg Hale Irwin 287+72 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Forrest Fezler 35,000 Winged Foot
(West Course)
Mamaroneck, New York
1973 Flag of the United States.svg Johnny Miller 279−51 stroke Flag of the United States.svg John Schlee 35,000 Oakmont Plum, Pennsylvania
1972 Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (3)290+23 strokes Flag of Australia (converted).svg Bruce Crampton 30,000 Pebble Beach Pebble Beach, California
1971 Flag of the United States.svg Lee Trevino (2)280EPlayoff Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus 30,000 Merion
(East Course)
Ardmore, Pennsylvania
1970 Flag of England.svg Tony Jacklin 281−77 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Dave Hill 30,000 Hazeltine National Chaska, Minnesota
1969 Flag of the United States.svg Orville Moody 281+11 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Deane Beman
Flag of the United States.svg Al Geiberger
Flag of the United States.svg Bob Rosburg
30,000 Champions
(Cypress Creek Course)
Houston, Texas
1968 Flag of the United States.svg Lee Trevino 275−54 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus 30,000 Oak Hill
(East Course)
Rochester, New York [lower-alpha 3]
1967 Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (2)275−54 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Arnold Palmer 30,000 Baltusrol
(Lower Course)
Springfield, New Jersey
1966 Flag of the United States.svg Billy Casper (2)278−2Playoff Flag of the United States.svg Arnold Palmer 26,500 Olympic Club
(Lake Course)
San Francisco, California [lower-alpha 1]
1965 Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Gary Player 282+2Playoff Flag of Australia (converted).svg Kel Nagle 26,000 Bellerive St. Louis, Missouri [lower-alpha 5]
1964 Flag of the United States.svg Ken Venturi 278−24 strokes Flag of the United States.svg Tommy Jacobs 17,000 Congressional
(Blue Course)
Bethesda, Maryland
1963 Flag of the United States.svg Julius Boros (2)293+9Playoff Flag of the United States.svg Jacky Cupit
Flag of the United States.svg Arnold Palmer
17,500 The Country Club
(Composite Course)
Brookline, Massachusetts
1962 Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus 283−1Playoff Flag of the United States.svg Arnold Palmer 17,500 Oakmont Plum, Pennsylvania
1961 Flag of the United States.svg Gene Littler 281+11 stroke Flag of the United States.svg Bob Goalby
Flag of the United States.svg Doug Sanders
14,000 Oakland Hills
(South Course)
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
1960 Flag of the United States (1959-1960).svg Arnold Palmer 280−42 strokes Flag of the United States (1959-1960).svg Jack Nicklaus (a)14,400 Cherry Hills Cherry Hills Village, Colorado
1959 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Billy Casper 282+21 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bob Rosburg 12,000 Winged Foot
(West Course)
Mamaroneck, New York
1958 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Tommy Bolt 283+34 strokes Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Gary Player 8,000 Southern Hills Tulsa, Oklahoma
1957 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Dick Mayer 282+2Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Cary Middlecoff 7,200 Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio
1956 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Cary Middlecoff (2)281+11 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Julius Boros
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ben Hogan
6,000 Oak Hill
(East Course)
Rochester, New York [lower-alpha 3]
1955 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jack Fleck 287+7Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ben Hogan 6,000 Olympic Club
(Lake Course)
San Francisco, California [lower-alpha 1]
1954 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ed Furgol 284+41 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Gene Littler 6,000 Baltusrol
(Lower Course)
Springfield, New Jersey
1953 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ben Hogan (4)283−56 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sam Snead 5,000 Oakmont Plum, Pennsylvania
1952 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Julius Boros 281+14 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ed Oliver 4,000 Northwood Club Dallas, Texas
1951 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ben Hogan (3)287+72 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Clayton Heafner 4,000 Oakland Hills
(South Course)
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
1950 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ben Hogan (2)287+7Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Lloyd Mangrum (2nd)
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg George Fazio (3rd)
4,000 Merion
(East Course)
Ardmore, Pennsylvania
1949 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Cary Middlecoff 286+21 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Clayton Heafner
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sam Snead
2,000 Medinah
(Course No. 3)
Medinah, Illinois
1948 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ben Hogan 276−82 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jimmy Demaret 2,000 Riviera Pacific Palisades, California [lower-alpha 6]
1947 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Lew Worsham 282−2Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sam Snead 2,500 St. Louis Ladue, Missouri
1946 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Lloyd Mangrum 284−4Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Vic Ghezzi
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Byron Nelson
1,833 Canterbury Beachwood, Ohio
1942–1945: Cancelled due to World War II
1941 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Craig Wood 284+43 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Denny Shute 1,000 Colonial Fort Worth, Texas
1940 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Lawson Little 287−1Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Gene Sarazen 1,000 Canterbury Beachwood, Ohio
1939 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Byron Nelson 284−4Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Craig Wood (2nd)
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Denny Shute (3rd)
1,000 Philadelphia
(Spring Mill Course)
Gladwyne, Pennsylvania
1938 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ralph Guldahl (2)284E6 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Dick Metz 1,000 Cherry Hills Cherry Hills Village, Colorado
1937 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ralph Guldahl 281+12 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sam Snead 1,000 Oakland Hills
(South Course)
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
1936 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Tony Manero 282−22 strokes Flag of England.svg Harry Cooper 1,000 Baltusrol
(Upper Course)
Springfield, New Jersey
1935 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sam Parks Jr. 299+112 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Jimmy Thomson 1,000 Oakmont Plum, Pennsylvania
1934 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Olin Dutra 293+131 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Gene Sarazen 1,000 Merion
(East Course)
Ardmore, Pennsylvania
1933 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Johnny Goodman (a)287−11 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ralph Guldahl 1,000 North Shore Glenview, Illinois
1932 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Gene Sarazen (2)286+63 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Bobby Cruickshank
Flag of England.svg Philip Perkins
1,000 Fresh Meadow Queens, New York
1931 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Billy Burke 292+4Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg George Von Elm 1,750 Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio
1930 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (a) (4)287−12 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Macdonald Smith 1,000 Interlachen Edina, Minnesota
1929 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (a) (3)294Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Al Espinosa 1,000 Winged Foot
(West Course)
Mamaroneck, New York
1928 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Johnny Farrell 294Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (a)500 Olympia Fields
(North Course)
Olympia Fields, Illinois
1927 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Tommy Armour 301Playoff Flag of England.svg Harry Cooper 500 Oakmont Plum, Pennsylvania
1926 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (a) (2)2931 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Joe Turnesa 500 Scioto Columbus, Ohio
1925 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Macfarlane 291Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (a)500 Worcester Worcester, Massachusetts
1924 Flag of England.svg Cyril Walker 2973 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (a)500 Oakland Hills
(South Course)
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
1923 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (a)296Playoff Flag of Scotland.svg Bobby Cruickshank 500 Inwood Inwood, New York
1922 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Gene Sarazen 2881 stroke Flag of Scotland.svg John Black
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (a)
500 Skokie Glencoe, Illinois
1921 Flag of England.svg Jim Barnes 2899 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Walter Hagen
Flag of Scotland.svg Fred McLeod
500 Columbia Chevy Chase, Maryland
1920 Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg Ted Ray 2951 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jack Burke Sr.
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Leo Diegel
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jock Hutchison
Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg Harry Vardon
500 Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio
1919 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Walter Hagen (2)301Playoff Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Mike Brady 500 Brae Burn
(Main Course)
West Newton, Massachusetts
1917–1918: Cancelled due to World War I
1916 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Chick Evans (a)2862 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Jock Hutchison 300 The Minikahda Club Minneapolis, Minnesota
1915 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jerome Travers (a)2971 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Tom McNamara 300 Baltusrol
(Revised Course)
Springfield, New Jersey
1914 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Walter Hagen 2901 stroke Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Chick Evans (a)300 Midlothian Midlothian, Illinois
1913 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Francis Ouimet (a)304Playoff Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg Harry Vardon (2nd)
Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg Ted Ray (3rd)
300 The Country Club Brookline, Massachusetts
1912 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg John McDermott (2)2942 strokes Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Tom McNamara 300 Country Club of Buffalo Buffalo, New York
1911 Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg John McDermott 307Playoff Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg Mike Brady (2nd)
Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg George Simpson (3rd)
300 Chicago Wheaton, Illinois
1910 Flag of Scotland.svg Alex Smith (2)298Playoff Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg John McDermott (2nd)
Flag of Scotland.svg Macdonald Smith (3rd)
300 Philadelphia Cricket Club
(St. Martin's Course)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1909 Flag of England.svg George Sargent 2904 strokes Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg Tom McNamara 300 Englewood Englewood, New Jersey
1908 Flag of Scotland.svg Fred McLeod 322Playoff Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Smith 300 Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts
1907 Flag of Scotland.svg Alec Ross 3022 strokes Flag of England.svg Gilbert Nicholls 300 Philadelphia Cricket Club
(St. Martin's Course)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1906 Flag of Scotland.svg Alex Smith 2957 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Smith 300 Onwentsia Club Lake Forest, Illinois
1905 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Anderson (4)3142 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Alex Smith 200 Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts
1904 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Anderson (3)3034 strokes Flag of England.svg Gilbert Nicholls 200 Glen View Club Golf, Illinois
1903 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Anderson (2)307Playoff Flag of Scotland.svg David Brown 200 Baltusrol
(Original Course)
Springfield, New Jersey
1902 Flag of Scotland.svg Laurie Auchterlonie 3076 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Stewart Gardner
Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg Walter Travis (a)
200 Garden City Garden City, New York
1901 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Anderson 331Playoff Flag of Scotland.svg Alex Smith 200 Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts
1900 Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg Harry Vardon 3132 strokes Flag of England.svg John Henry Taylor 200 Chicago Wheaton, Illinois
1899 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Smith 31511 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Val Fitzjohn
Flag of Scotland.svg George Low Sr.
Flag of England.svg Bert Way
150 Baltimore
(Roland Park Course)
Baltimore, Maryland
1898 Flag of Scotland.svg Fred Herd 3287 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Alex Smith 150 Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts
1897 Flag of England.svg Joe Lloyd 1621 stroke Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Anderson 150 Chicago Wheaton, Illinois
1896 Flag of Scotland.svg James Foulis 1523 strokes Flag of England.svg Horace Rawlins 150 Shinnecock Hills Shinnecock Hills, New York
1895 Flag of England.svg Horace Rawlins 1732 strokes Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Dunn 150 Newport Newport, Rhode Island

Summary by course, state and region

The U.S. Open has been played on 52 different golf courses; 22 in the Northeast, 18 in the Midwest, 6 in the South, and 6 in the West.

Legend
State totals – preceding courses are in that state
Division totals – Divisions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau
Region totals – each is composed of 2 or 3 divisions
Total U.S. Opens
Col. 4 shows larger region which contains entity in col. 1
Course/State/RegionNo.Years hostedGeog.
sort
Myopia Hunt Club 41908, 1905, 1901, 1898MA
The Country Club 42022, 1988, 1963, 1913MA
Worcester Country Club 11925MA
Brae Burn Country Club 11919MA
Total Massachusetts 9NewEng
Newport Country Club 11895RI
Total Rhode Island 1NewEng
Total New England 10NEast
Winged Foot Golf Club 62020, 2006, 1984, 1974, 1959, 1929NY
Shinnecock Hills Golf Club 52018, 2004, 1995, 1986, 1896NY
Oak Hill Country Club 31989, 1968, 1956NY
Bethpage Black Course 22009, 2002NY
Fresh Meadow Country Club 11932NY
Inwood Country Club 11923NY
Country Club of Buffalo 11912NY
Garden City Golf Club 11902NY
Total New York 20MidAtl
Oakmont Country Club 92016, 2007, 1994, 1983, 1973,
1962, 1953, 1935, 1927
PA
Merion Golf Club 52013, 1981, 1971, 1950, 1934PA
Philadelphia Cricket Club 21910, 1907PA
Philadelphia Country Club 11939PA
Total Pennsylvania 17MidAtl
Baltusrol Golf Club 71993, 1980, 1967, 1954, 1936,
1915, 1903
NJ
Englewood Golf Club 11909NJ
Total New Jersey 8MidAtl
Congressional Country Club 32011, 1997, 1964MD
Baltimore Country Club 11899MD
Columbia Country Club 11921MD
Total Maryland 5MidAtl
Total Mid-Atlantic 49NEast
Total Northeast 59USA
Pinehurst Resort 32014, 2005, 1999NC
Total North Carolina 3SthAtl
Atlanta Athletic Club 11976GA
Total Georgia 1SthAtl
Total South Atlantic 4South
Total East South Central 0South
Southern Hills Country Club 32001, 1977, 1958OK
Total Oklahoma 3WSC
Champions Golf Club 11969TX
Colonial Country Club 11941TX
Northwood Club 11952TX
Total Texas 3WSC
Total West South Central 6South
Total South 10USA
Medinah Country Club 31990, 1975, 1949IL
Chicago Golf Club 31911, 1900, 1897IL
Olympia Fields Country Club 22003, 1928IL
North Shore Country Club 11933IL
Skokie Country Club 11922IL
Midlothian Country Club 11914IL
Onwentsia Club 11906IL
Glen View Club 11904IL
Total Illinois 13ENC
Inverness Club 41979, 1957, 1931, 1920OH
Canterbury Golf Club 21946, 1940OH
Scioto Country Club 11926OH
Total Ohio 7ENC
Oakland Hills Country Club 61996, 1985, 1961, 1951, 1937,
1924
MI
Total Michigan 6ENC
Total East North Central 26Midwest
Hazeltine National Golf Club 21991, 1970MN
Interlachen Country Club 11930MN
The Minikahda Club 11916MN
Total Minnesota 4WNC
Bellerive Country Club 11965MO
St. Louis Country Club 11947MO
Total Missouri 2WNC
Erin Hills 12017WI
Total Wisconsin 1WNC
Total West North Central 7Midwest
Total Midwest 33USA
Cherry Hills Country Club 31978, 1960, 1938CO
Total Colorado 3Mtn
Total Mountain 3West
Pebble Beach Golf Links 62019, 2010, 2000, 1992, 1982,
1972
CA
Olympic Club 52012, 1998, 1987, 1966, 1955CA
Torrey Pines Golf Course 22021, 2008CA
Riviera Country Club 11948CA
Total California 14Pac
Chambers Bay 12015WA
Total Washington 1Pac
Total Pacific 15West
Total West 18USA
Total U.S. Opens 121

The eighteenth state to host the tournament was Washington in 2015, followed by Wisconsin in 2017.

Records

There is an extensive records section on the official U.S. Open website. [21]

Broadcasting

Beginning with the 2020 tournament, NBCUniversal holds domestic television rights (with coverage on NBC and Golf Channel), having taken over the remainder of the 12-year deal with the USGA signed by Fox Sports in 2013 that gave it exclusive rights to USGA championships from 2015 through 2026. With the postponed 2020 U.S. Open Championship presenting a significant scheduling challenge due to its other fall sports commitments, Fox had held discussions with the USGA over broadcasting the tournament on their cable network FS1 or partnering with NBC. Ultimately, the issues led the network to transfer the final seven years of its contract entirely. [22] [23] [24]

Coverage was previously televised by NBC and ESPN through 2014. NBC's first period as rightsholder began in 1995; ABC held the broadcast rights from 1966 through 1994. [25]

In Australia, from 2015 Fox Sports Australia is the exclusive broadcaster of the U.S. open until 2018. [26]

Future sites

YearEditionCourseLocationDatesPrevious championships hosted
2023123rd Los Angeles Country Club, North Course Los Angeles, California June 15–18
2024124th Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina June 13–16 1999, 2005, 2014
2025125th Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania June 12–15 1927, 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1983, 1994, 2007, 2016
2026126th Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York June 18–21 1896, 1986, 1995, 2004, 2018
2027127th Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California June 17–20 1972, 1982, 1992, 2000, 2010, 2019
2028128thTBDTBDTBDTBD
2029129thPinehurst Resort, Course No. 2Pinehurst, North CarolinaTBD 1999, 2005, 2014, 2024
2030130th Merion Golf Club Ardmore, Pennsylvania TBD 1934, 1950, 1971, 1981, 2013
2031131stTBDTBDTBDTBD
2032132ndPebble Beach Golf LinksPebble Beach, CaliforniaTBD 1972, 1982, 1992, 2000, 2010, 2019, 2027
2033133rdOakmont Country ClubPlum, PennsylvaniaTBD 1927, 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1983, 1994, 2007, 2016, 2025
2034134th Oakland Hills Country Club Bloomfield Hills, Michigan TBD 1924, 1937, 1951, 1961, 1985, 1996
2035135thPinehurst Resort, Course No. 2Pinehurst, North CarolinaTBD 1999, 2005, 2014, 2024, 2029
2036136thTBDTBDTBDTBD
2037137thPebble Beach Golf LinksPebble Beach, CaliforniaTBD 1972, 1982, 1992, 2000, 2010, 2019, 2027, 2032
2038138thTBDTBDTBDTBD
2039139th Los Angeles Country Club, North Course Los Angeles, California TBD2023
2040140thTBDTBDTBDTBD
2041141stPinehurst Resort, Course No. 2Pinehurst, North CarolinaTBD 1999, 2005, 2014, 2024, 2029, 2035
2042142ndOakmont Country ClubPlum, PennsylvaniaTBD 1927, 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1983, 1994, 2007, 2016, 2025, 2033
2043143rdTBDTBDTBDTBD
2044144thPebble Beach Golf LinksPebble Beach, CaliforniaTBD 1972, 1982, 1992, 2000, 2010, 2019, 2027, 2032, 2037
2045145thTBDTBDTBDTBD
2046146thTBDTBDTBDTBD
2047147thPinehurst Resort, Course No. 2Pinehurst, North CarolinaTBD 1999, 2005, 2014, 2024, 2029, 2035, 2041
2048148thTBDTBDTBDTBD
2049149thOakmont Country ClubPlum, PennsylvaniaTBD 1927, 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1983, 1994, 2007, 2016, 2025, 2033, 2042
2050150thMerion Golf ClubArdmore, PennsylvaniaTBD 1934, 1950, 1971, 1981, 2013, 2030
2051151stOakland Hills Country ClubBloomfield Hills, MichiganTBD 1924, 1937, 1951, 1961, 1985, 1996, 2034

Sources: [27]

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 The course straddles the border between Daly City and San Francisco; the club's postal address is in San Francisco.
  2. 1 2 Most of the course lies within the hamlet of Old Bethpage, but the clubhouse is in Farmingdale, and the park has a Farmingdale postal address. Both places are within the Town of Oyster Bay.
  3. 1 2 3 The club has a Rochester postal address, but is located in the adjacent town of Pittsford.
  4. The club is located in a portion of the Duluth postal area that became part of the newly incorporated city of Johns Creek in 2006. Although the club is still served by the Duluth post office, it now lists its mailing address as Johns Creek.
  5. The club has a St. Louis postal address, but is located in the Missouri suburb of Town and Country.
  6. Pacific Palisades is a neighborhood within the city of Los Angeles that has a unique postal identity.

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