ISO 3166-2:US

Last updated

ISO 3166-2:US is the entry for the United States in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in I 3166-1.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

ISO 3166-2 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for identifying the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1. The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 2: Country subdivision code. It was first published in 1998.

Standardization or standardisation is the process of implementing and developing technical standards based on the consensus of different parties that include firms, users, interest groups, standards organizations and governments Standardization can help to maximize compatibility, interoperability, safety, repeatability, or quality. It can also facilitate commoditization of formerly custom processes. In social sciences, including economics, the idea of standardization is close to the solution for a coordination problem, a situation in which all parties can realize mutual gains, but only by making mutually consistent decisions. This view includes the case of "spontaneous standardization processes", to produce de facto standards.

Contents

Currently for the United States, ISO 3166-2 codes are defined for the following subdivisions:

Washington, D.C. Capital of the United States

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, first President of the United States and Founding Father. As the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, Washington is an important world political capital. The city is also one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually.

Insular area U.S. territory that is neither a U.S. state nor the District of Columbia

An insular area of the United States is a U.S. territory that is neither a part of one of the 50 states nor of a Federal district. Article IV, Section 3, Clause 2 of the United States Constitution grants to United States Congress the responsibility of overseeing these territories, of which there are currently 14—three in the Caribbean Sea and 11 in the Pacific Ocean. These territories are classified by whether they are incorporated and whether they have an organized territorial government established by the U.S. Congress through an Organic Act. All territories but one are unincorporated, and all but four are considered to be unorganized. Five U.S. territories have a permanent, nonmilitary population. Each of them has a civilian government, a constitution, and enjoys some degree of local political autonomy.

United States Minor Outlying Islands Group of mostly uninhabited insular areas of the United States as defined by ISO

The United States Minor Outlying Islands are a statistical designation defined by the International Organization for Standardization's ISO 3166-1 code. The entry code is ISO 3166-2:UM. The minor outlying islands and groups of islands consist of eight United States insular areas in the Pacific Ocean and one in the Caribbean Sea.

Each code consists of two parts, separated by a hyphen. The first part is US, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code of the United States. The second part is two letters, which is the postal abbreviation of the state, district, or outlying area, except the United States Minor Outlying Islands which do not have a postal abbreviation.

ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 two-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1

ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are two-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), to represent countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest. They are the most widely used of the country codes published by ISO, and are used most prominently for the Internet's country code top-level domains. They are also used as country identifiers extending the postal code when appropriate within the international postal system for paper mail, and has replaced the previous one consisting one-letter codes. They were first included as part of the ISO 3166 standard in its first edition in 1974.

Current codes

Subdivision names are listed as in the ISO 3166-2 standard published by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA).

Click on the button in the header to sort each column.

Map of the United States with each state and the District of Columbia labelled with the second part of its ISO 3166-2 code. Labelled US map.svg
Map of the United States with each state and the District of Columbia labelled with the second part of its ISO 3166-2 code.
CodeSubdivision name (en)Subdivision category
US-ALFlag of Alabama.svg  Alabama state
US-AKFlag of Alaska.svg  Alaska state
US-AZFlag of Arizona.svg  Arizona state
US-ARFlag of Arkansas.svg  Arkansas state
US-CAFlag of California.svg  California state
US-COFlag of Colorado.svg  Colorado state
US-CTFlag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut state
US-DEFlag of Delaware.svg  Delaware state
US-FLFlag of Florida.svg  Florida state
US-GAFlag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg  Georgia state
US-HIFlag of Hawaii.svg  Hawaii state
US-IDFlag of Idaho.svg  Idaho state
US-ILFlag of Illinois.svg  Illinois state
US-INFlag of Indiana.svg  Indiana state
US-IAFlag of Iowa.svg  Iowa state
US-KSFlag of Kansas.svg  Kansas state
US-KYFlag of Kentucky.svg  Kentucky state
US-LAFlag of Louisiana.svg  Louisiana state
US-MEFlag of Maine.svg  Maine state
US-MDFlag of Maryland.svg  Maryland state
US-MAFlag of Massachusetts.svg  Massachusetts state
US-MIFlag of Michigan.svg  Michigan state
US-MNFlag of Minnesota.svg  Minnesota state
US-MSFlag of Mississippi.svg  Mississippi state
US-MOFlag of Missouri.svg  Missouri state
US-MTFlag of Montana.svg  Montana state
US-NEFlag of Nebraska.svg  Nebraska state
US-NVFlag of Nevada.svg  Nevada state
US-NHFlag of New Hampshire.svg  New Hampshire state
US-NJFlag of New Jersey.svg  New Jersey state
US-NMFlag of New Mexico.svg  New Mexico state
US-NYFlag of New York.svg  New York state
US-NCFlag of North Carolina.svg  North Carolina state
US-NDFlag of North Dakota.svg   North Dakota state
US-OHFlag of Ohio.svg  Ohio state
US-OKFlag of Oklahoma.svg  Oklahoma state
US-ORFlag of Oregon.svg  Oregon state
US-PAFlag of Pennsylvania.svg  Pennsylvania state
US-RIFlag of Rhode Island.svg  Rhode Island state
US-SCFlag of South Carolina.svg  South Carolina state
US-SDFlag of South Dakota.svg  South Dakota state
US-TNFlag of Tennessee.svg  Tennessee state
US-TXFlag of Texas.svg  Texas state
US-UTFlag of Utah.svg  Utah state
US-VTFlag of Vermont.svg  Vermont state
US-VAFlag of Virginia.svg  Virginia state
US-WAFlag of Washington.svg  Washington state
US-WVFlag of West Virginia.svg  West Virginia state
US-WIFlag of Wisconsin.svg  Wisconsin state
US-WYFlag of Wyoming.svg  Wyoming state
US-DCFlag of Washington, D.C..svg  District of Columbia district
US-ASFlag of American Samoa.svg  American Samoa outlying area
US-GUFlag of Guam.svg  Guam outlying area
US-MPFlag of the Northern Mariana Islands.svg  Northern Mariana Islands outlying area
US-PRFlag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico outlying area
US-UMFlag of the United States.svg  United States Minor Outlying Islands outlying area
US-VIFlag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  Virgin Islands, U.S. outlying area

Subdivisions included in ISO 3166-1

Besides being included as subdivisions of the United States in ISO 3166-2, the outlying areas are also officially assigned their own country codes in ISO 3166-1.

CodeSubdivision name (en)Alpha-2 codeISO 3166-2 codes
US-ASFlag of American Samoa.svg  American Samoa AS ISO 3166-2:AS
US-GUFlag of Guam.svg  Guam GU ISO 3166-2:GU
US-MPFlag of the Northern Mariana Islands.svg  Northern Mariana Islands MP ISO 3166-2:MP
US-PRFlag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico PR ISO 3166-2:PR
US-UMFlag of the United States.svg  United States Minor Outlying Islands UM ISO 3166-2:UM
US-VIFlag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  Virgin Islands, U.S. VI ISO 3166-2:VI

See also

Political divisions of the United States States, territories, Washington, District of Columbia; and their subdivisions

Political divisionsof the United States are the various recognized governing entities that together form the United States — states, territories, the District of Columbia, and Indian reservations.

FIPS state codes were numeric and two-letter alphabetic codes defined in U.S. Federal Information Processing Standard Publication 5-2 to identify U.S. states and certain other associated areas. The standard superseded FIPS PUB 5-1 on May 28, 1987, and was superseded on September 2, 2008, by ANSI standard INCITS 38:2009.

Related Research Articles

ISO 3166-2:AU is the entry for Australia in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:NZ is the entry for New Zealand in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166.

ISO 3166-2:CA is the entry for Canada in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:AR is the entry for Argentina in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:CH is the entry for Switzerland in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:ID is the entry for Indonesia in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:BB is the entry for Barbados in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:KI is the entry for Kiribati in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:KN is the entry for Saint Kitts and Nevis in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:SB is the entry for the Solomon Islands in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:UM is the entry for the United States Minor Outlying Islands in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:BS is the entry for the Bahamas in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:SH is the entry for Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:AS is the entry for American Samoa in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:MP is the entry for the Northern Mariana Islands in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:VI is the entry for the United States Virgin Islands in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.