ISO 3166-2:MW

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ISO 3166-2:MW is the entry for Malawi in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

Malawi country in Africa

Malawi, officially the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland. It is bordered by Zambia to the northwest, Tanzania to the northeast, and Mozambique on the east, south and west. Malawi is over 118,000 km2 (45,560 sq mi) with an estimated population of 18,091,575. Lake Malawi takes up about a third of Malawi's area. Its capital is Lilongwe, which is also Malawi's largest city; the second largest is Blantyre, the third is Mzuzu and the fourth largest is its old capital Zomba. The name Malawi comes from the Maravi, an old name of the Nyanja people that inhabit the area. The country is also nicknamed "The Warm Heart of Africa" because of the friendliness of the people.

ISO 3166-2 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for identifying the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1. The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 2: Country subdivision code. It was first published in 1998.

Standardization or standardisation is the process of implementing and developing technical standards based on the consensus of different parties that include firms, users, interest groups, standards organizations and governments Standardization can help to maximize compatibility, interoperability, safety, repeatability, or quality. It can also facilitate commoditization of formerly custom processes. In social sciences, including economics, the idea of standardization is close to the solution for a coordination problem, a situation in which all parties can realize mutual gains, but only by making mutually consistent decisions. This view includes the case of "spontaneous standardization processes", to produce de facto standards.

Contents

Currently for Malawi, ISO 3166-2 codes are defined for two levels of subdivisions:

Each code consists of two parts, separated by a hyphen. The first part is MW, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code of Malawi. The second part is either of the following:

ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 two-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1

ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are two-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), to represent countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest. They are the most widely used of the country codes published by ISO, and are used most prominently for the Internet's country code top-level domains. They are also used as country identifiers extending the postal code when appropriate within the international postal system for paper mail, and has replaced the previous one consisting one-letter codes. They were first included as part of the ISO 3166 standard in its first edition in 1974.

Current codes

Subdivision names are listed as in the ISO 3166-2 standard published by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA).

ISO 639-1 codes are used to represent subdivision names in the following administrative languages:

ISO 639-1:2002, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 1: Alpha-2 code, is the first part of the ISO 639 series of international standards for language codes. Part 1 covers the registration of two-letter codes. There are 184 two-letter codes registered as of December 2018. The registered codes cover the world's major languages.

An official language is a language given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction. Typically a country's official language refers to the language used in government. The term "official language" does not typically refer to the language used by a people or country, but by its government, as "the means of expression of a people cannot be changed by any law",

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Regions

CodeSubdivision name (en)Subdivision name (ny)
MW-C Central Region Chapakati
MW-N Northern Region Chakumpoto
MW-S Southern Region Chakumwera

Districts

CodeSubdivision name (en, ny)In region
MW-BA Balaka S
MW-BL Blantyre S
MW-CK Chikwawa S
MW-CR Chiradzulu S
MW-CT Chitipa N
MW-DE Dedza C
MW-DO Dowa C
MW-KR Karonga N
MW-KS Kasungu C
MW-LK Likoma N
MW-LI Lilongwe C
MW-MH Machinga S
MW-MG Mangochi S
MW-MC Mchinji C
MW-MU Mulanje S
MW-MW Mwanza S
MW-MZ Mzimba N
MW-NE Neno S
MW-NB Nkhata Bay N
MW-NK Nkhotakota C
MW-NS Nsanje S
MW-NU Ntcheu C
MW-NI Ntchisi C
MW-PH Phalombe S
MW-RU Rumphi N
MW-SA Salima C
MW-TH Thyolo S
MW-ZO Zomba S

Changes

The following changes to the entry have been announced in newsletters by the ISO 3166/MA since the first publication of ISO 3166-2 in 1998:

NewsletterDate issuedDescription of change in newsletterCode/Subdivision change
Newsletter I-2 2002-05-21Addition of three districts. List source updatedSubdivisions added:
MW-BA Balaka
MW-LK Likoma Island
MW-PH Phalombe
Newsletter II-2 2010-06-30Addition of the country code prefix as the first code element, addition of names in administrative languages, typographical error correction, update of the administrative structure and of the list sourceSubdivisions added:
MW-NE Neno

See also

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