Likoma District

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Location of Likoma District in Malawi MW-Likoma.png
Location of Likoma District in Malawi

Likoma District consists of two separate exclaves of Malawi situated within Mozambican waters in Lake Malawi (also known in Tanzania as Lake Nyasa and in surrounding Mozambique as Lago Niassa). It consists of two main islands, Likoma and Chizumulu. It is a district in the Northern Region of Malawi. The capital is Likoma.

Contents

History

Whereas Portuguese missionaries colonized the interior of Angola and Mozambique in the 19th century, Anglican missionaries colonized Malawi, including the islands in Lake Malawi.

In 1954, an agreement was made to make the middle of Lake Malawi the border between Malawi and neighboring Mozambique; however, Likoma and Chizumulu islands were kept as part of Malawi. [1]

Culture

The Likoma people are mostly fishermen and speak a traditional Nkamanga language. There are mostly small villages on both islands, with the exception of Mbamba with an Anglican cathedral. [1] There are few cars but plenty of four-wheelers, creating a unique blend of tourism and local culture. [2]

Geography

The district covers an area of 20 km² and has a population of 14,527 at the 2018 Census. The population density is thus approximately 726 people per square kilometre. [3] It is the smallest of Malawi's districts. There is one airport, on the main island. [4]

Satellite view of the Likoma District. Likoma (satellite).jpg
Satellite view of the Likoma District.

Main Towns

Government and administrative divisions

There is a single National Assembly constituency representing the Likoma Islands:

Since the 2009 election it has been held by O. A. Thundu of the Democratic Progressive Party. [6]

Politics

The district was visited by none of the dozen presidential hopefuls in the 2014 election cycle, which locals took as a sign of discouragement. [7]

Climate

Most of the island is grassland, and the dominant trees are baobab tree and the mango tree. Animal life is made up of small amphibians, birds, and some of the most diverse fish life in Malawi. [1]

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Likoma Island

Likoma Island is the larger of two inhabited islands in Lake Malawi, in East Africa, the smaller being the nearby Chizumulu. Likoma and Chizumulu both belong to Malawi, and together they make up the Likoma District. Although both islands lie just a few kilometres from Mozambique, and are entirely surrounded by Mozambican territorial waters, they are both exclaves of Malawi.

Chizumulu Island

Chizumulu Island is the smaller of two inhabited islands in Lake Malawi/Lake Nyasa, the larger being the nearby Likoma island, which together make up the Likoma District. Both these islands lie just a few kilometres from Mozambique and are entirely surrounded by Mozambican territorial waters, but they belong to Malawi. They are therefore exclaves of Malawi. This came about because the islands were colonised by Anglican missionaries spreading east from Nyasaland, rather than by the Portuguese who colonised Mozambique. The British originally claimed the entire Lake Nyasa/Lake Malawi, but in 1954 signed an agreement with Portugal, which recognized the centre of the lake as the boundary between their holdings and Mozambique, and making these islands an enclave.

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Likoma is the main town on Likoma Island in Malawi. It is the administrative capital of Likoma District.

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Chauncy Maples

Chauncy Maples (1852–95) was a British clergyman and Anglican missionary who became Bishop of Likoma, on Likoma Island, in East Africa.

William Percival Johnson

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Likoma Airport Airport in Malawi

Likoma Airport is an airport on Likoma Island, Republic of Malawi. The island lies in Lake Malawi a few kilometres off the shore of Mozambique.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Likoma Island - Hot locations". www.travelmalawiguide.com. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  2. Travel, Tribes. "Likoma Island | Tribes Travel". www.tribes.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  3. "Nkhata Bay-Likoma Districts Infographics" (PDF). PRB. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  4. "Map of airports in Likoma Island District, Malawi @ OurAirports". ourairports.com. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  5. "Likoma District, Malawi - list of cities, towns, villages". www.citipedia.info. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  6. "Parliament of Malawi - Members of Parliament - Likoma District". Archived from the original on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2011-01-19.
  7. Botha, Patrick (2014-05-17). "Malawi: No Presidential Hopeful Visits Likoma District to Campaign - Voters Feel Sidelined". Malawi News Agency (Lilongwe). Retrieved 2016-11-17.

Coordinates: 12°05′S34°40′E / 12.083°S 34.667°E / -12.083; 34.667