List of areas in the United States National Park System

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The National Park System of the United States is the collection of physical properties owned or administered by the National Park Service. The collection includes all national parks and most national monuments, as well as several other types of protected areas of the United States.

Contents

As of March 2019, there are 419 units of the National Park System. However, this number is somewhat misleading. For example, Denali National Park and Preserve is counted as two units, since the same name applies to a national park and an adjacent national preserve. Yet Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve is counted as one unit, despite its double designation. Counting methodology is rooted in the language of a park's enabling legislation.

In addition to areas of the National Park System, the National Park Service also provides technical and financial assistance to several affiliated areas authorized by Congress. Affiliated areas are marked on the lists below.

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP), which contains nearly 79,000 entries, is administered by the National Park Service. All historically significant park units are automatically included on the NRHP—i.e., all national historical parks and historic sites, national battlefields and military parks, and national memorials, as well as some national monuments.

National Park System units are found in all 50 states, in Washington, D.C., and in the U.S. territories of Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico.

Nearly all units managed by the National Park Service participate in the National Park Passport Stamps program.

National parks

Existing national parks

There are 61 officially designated national parks in the United States and its dependent areas. [1]

North Cascades National Park Cascade pass.jpg
North Cascades National Park
Haleakala National Park Haleakala National Park 05.jpg
Haleakalā National Park
Joshua Tree National Park Barker Dam Nature Trail (17081448532).jpg
Joshua Tree National Park
Dry Tortugas National Park Under the sea at Dry Tortugas National Park (6021858381).jpg
Dry Tortugas National Park
Shenandoah National Park North from Little Stony Man - panoramio.jpg
Shenandoah National Park
Badlands National Park Badlands Overlook at Sunset.jpg
Badlands National Park
Guadalupe Mountains National Park McKittrick Canyon Trail.JPG
Guadalupe Mountains National Park
Arches National Park Arches6.jpg
Arches National Park
Olympic National Park Olympic NP Washington USA3.jpg
Olympic National Park
NameLocationYear establishedArea (2017) [2]
Acadia National Park Maine 191949,057.26 acres (198.5277 km2)
National Park of American Samoa American Samoa 19888,256.67 acres (33.4136 km2)
Arches National Park Utah 197176,678.98 acres (310.3088 km2)
Badlands National Park South Dakota 1978242,755.94 acres (982.3984 km2)
Big Bend National Park Texas 1944801,163.21 acres (3,242.1925 km2)
Biscayne National Park Florida 1980172,971.11 acres (699.9892 km2)
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park Colorado 199930,780.76 acres (124.5653 km2)
Bryce Canyon National Park Utah 192835,835.08 acres (145.0194 km2)
Canyonlands National Park Utah 1964337,597.83 acres (1,366.2099 km2)
Capitol Reef National Park Utah 1971241,904.50 acres (978.9528 km2)
Carlsbad Caverns National Park New Mexico 193046,766.45 acres (189.2571 km2)
Channel Islands National Park California 1980249,561.00 acres (1,009.9375 km2)
Congaree National Park South Carolina 200326,539.22 acres (107.4004 km2)
Crater Lake National Park Oregon 1902183,224.05 acres (741.4814 km2)
Cuyahoga Valley National Park Ohio 200032,572.24 acres (131.8152 km2)
Death Valley National Park California, Nevada 19943,373,063.14 acres (13,650.3022 km2)
Denali National Park Alaska 19174,740,911.16 acres (19,185.7868 km2)
Dry Tortugas National Park Florida 199264,701.22 acres (261.8365 km2)
Everglades National Park Florida 19471,508,934.25 acres (6,106.4403 km2)
Gates of the Arctic National Park Alaska 19807,523,897.45 acres (30,448.1327 km2)
Gateway Arch National Park Missouri 2018192.83 acres (0.7804 km2)
Glacier National Park (part of Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park) Montana 19101,013,125.99 acres (4,099.9754 km2)
Glacier Bay National Park Alaska 19803,223,383.43 acres (13,044.5699 km2)
Grand Canyon National Park Arizona 19191,201,647.03 acres (4,862.8930 km2)
Grand Teton National Park Wyoming 1929310,044.22 acres (1,254.7044 km2)
Great Basin National Park Nevada 198677,180.00 acres (312.3364 km2)
Great Sand Dunes National Park Colorado 2004107,341.87 acres (434.3971 km2)
Great Smoky Mountains National Park North Carolina, Tennessee 1934522,426.88 acres (2,114.1866 km2)
Guadalupe Mountains National Park Texas 196686,367.10 acres (349.5153 km2)
Haleakalā National Park Hawaii 191633,264.62 acres (134.6171 km2)
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park Hawaii 1916323,431.38 acres (1,308.8804 km2)
Hot Springs National Park Arkansas 19215,548.01 acres (22.4520 km2)
Indiana Dunes National Park Indiana 201915,347.13 acres (62.1076 km2)
Isle Royale National Park Michigan 1940571,790.30 acres (2,313.9532 km2)
Joshua Tree National Park California 1994790,635.74 acres (3,199.5893 km2)
Katmai National Park Alaska 19803,674,529.33 acres (14,870.2926 km2)
Kenai Fjords National Park Alaska 1980669,650.05 acres (2,709.9776 km2)
Kings Canyon National Park California 1940461,901.20 acres (1,869.2478 km2)
Kobuk Valley National Park Alaska 19801,750,716.16 acres (7,084.8969 km2)
Lake Clark National Park Alaska 19802,619,816.49 acres (10,602.0212 km2)
Lassen Volcanic National Park California 1916106,589.02 acres (431.3505 km2)
Mammoth Cave National Park Kentucky 194154,011.91 acres (218.5784 km2)
Mesa Verde National Park Colorado 190652,485.17 acres (212.3999 km2)
Mount Rainier National Park Washington 1899236,381.64 acres (956.6026 km2)
North Cascades National Park Washington 1968504,780.94 acres (2,042.7760 km2)
Olympic National Park Washington 1938922,649.41 acres (3,733.8297 km2)
Petrified Forest National Park Arizona 1962221,390.21 acres (895.9344 km2)
Pinnacles National Park California 201326,685.73 acres (107.9933 km2)
Redwood National and State Parks California 1968138,999.37 acres (562.5105 km2)
Rocky Mountain National Park Colorado 1915265,795.20 acres (1,075.6350 km2)
Saguaro National Park Arizona 199491,715.72 acres (371.1604 km2)
Sequoia National Park California 1890404,062.63 acres (1,635.1834 km2)
Shenandoah National Park Virginia 1935199,217.77 acres (806.2057 km2)
Theodore Roosevelt National Park North Dakota 197870,446.89 acres (285.0884 km2)
Virgin Islands National Park U.S. Virgin Islands 195614,940.00 acres (60.4600 km2)
Voyageurs National Park Minnesota 1975218,200.15 acres (883.0247 km2)
Wind Cave National Park South Dakota 190333,970.84 acres (137.4751 km2)
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park Alaska 19808,323,146.48 acres (33,682.5788 km2)
Yellowstone National Park Idaho, Montana, Wyoming 18722,219,790.71 acres (8,983.1743 km2)
Yosemite National Park California 1890761,747.50 acres (3,082.6828 km2)
Zion National Park Utah 1919147,237.02 acres (595.8471 km2)

Disbanded national parks

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Abraham Lincoln National Park July 17, 1916August 11, 1939Redesignated as Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park
Fort McHenry National Park March 3, 1925August 11, 1939Redesignated under the unique designation of Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine
General Grant National Park October 1, 1890March 4, 1940Incorporated into Kings Canyon National Park
Hawaii National ParkAugust 1, 1916September 13, 1960Divided into Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and Haleakala National Park
Mackinac National Park April 15, 1875March 2, 1895Transferred to Michigan; now operated as Mackinac Island State Park
Platt National Park June 29, 1906March 17, 1976Incorporated with Arbuckle Recreation Area and redesignated Chickasaw National Recreation Area
Rock Creek Park [3] September 27, 1890August 10, 1933Incorporated into National Capital Parks
Sullys Hill National Park April 27, 1904March 3, 1931Transferred to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; now operated as Sullys Hill National Game Preserve

National monuments

Devils Tower National Monument Crook County, WY, USA - panoramio (101).jpg
Devils Tower National Monument
Stonewall National Monument Stonewall Inn 8 pride weekend 2016.jpg
Stonewall National Monument
Statue of Liberty National Monument Lady Liberty, Soon to be Redacted.jpg
Statue of Liberty National Monument
Natural Bridges National Monument Owachomo Bridge (9472027513).jpg
Natural Bridges National Monument
Muir Woods National Monument Jogger MG 2683.jpg
Muir Woods National Monument
Bandelier National Monument 2006 New Mexico Bandelier National Monument.jpg
Bandelier National Monument

As of 2019, there are 129 national monuments, 85 of which are administered by the NPS and are listed below. The remaining 44 monuments are administered by five other federal agencies. Two, Grand Canyon-Parashant and Craters of the Moon National Monuments, are jointly administered by the NPS and the Bureau of Land Management, and Tule Lake National Monument is joint with the Fish and Wildlife Service.

NameLocationArea [2]
African Burial Ground National Monument New York 0.35 acres (0.0014 km2)
Agate Fossil Beds National Monument Nebraska 3,057.87 acres (12.3748 km2)
Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument Texas 1,370.97 acres (5.5481 km2)
Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve Alaska 137,176 acres (555.13 km2)
Aztec Ruins National Monument New Mexico 318.4 acres (1.289 km2)
Bandelier National Monument New Mexico 33,676.67 acres (136.2846 km2)
Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National Monument District of Columbia 0.34 acres (0.0014 km2)
Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument Alabama 18.25 acres (0.0739 km2)
Booker T. Washington National Monument Virginia 239.01 acres (0.9672 km2)
Buck Island Reef National Monument U.S. Virgin Islands 19,015.47 acres (76.9529 km2)
Cabrillo National Monument California 159.94 acres (0.6473 km2)
Camp Nelson Heritage National Monument Kentucky 525 acres (2.12 km2)
Canyon de Chelly National Monument Arizona 83,840 acres (339.3 km2)
Cape Krusenstern National Monument and Archeological District Alaska 649,124.53 acres (2,626.9138 km2)
Capulin Volcano National Monument New Mexico 792.84 acres (3.2085 km2)
Casa Grande Ruins National Monument Arizona 472.5 acres (1.912 km2)
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument Florida 19.38 acres (0.0784 km2)
Castle Clinton National Monument New York 1 acre (0.0040 km2)
Castle Mountains National Monument California 20,920 acres (84.7 km2)
Cedar Breaks National Monument Utah 6,154.6 acres (24.907 km2)
César E. Chávez National Monument California 116.56 acres (0.4717 km2)
Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument Ohio 59.66 acres (0.2414 km2)
Chiricahua National Monument Arizona 11,984.73 acres (48.5005 km2)
Colorado National Monument Colorado 20,536.39 acres (83.1078 km2)
Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve Idaho 53,571.05 acres (216.7943 km2)
Devils Postpile National Monument California 798.46 acres (3.2313 km2)
Devils Tower National Monument Wyoming 1,346.91 acres (5.4508 km2)
Dinosaur National Monument Utah, Colorado 210,283.31 acres (850.9864 km2)
Effigy Mounds National Monument Iowa 2,526.39 acres (10.2239 km2)
El Malpais National Monument New Mexico 114,313.87 acres (462.6118 km2)
El Morro National Monument New Mexico 1,278.72 acres (5.1748 km2)
Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument Colorado 5,998.09 acres (24.2734 km2)
Fort Frederica National Monument Georgia 284.49 acres (1.1513 km2)
Fort Matanzas National Monument Florida 300.11 acres (1.2145 km2)
Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine Maryland 43.26 acres (0.1751 km2)
Fort Monroe National Monument Virginia 325.2 acres (1.316 km2)
Fort Pulaski National Monument Georgia 5,623.1 acres (22.756 km2)
Fort Stanwix National Monument New York 15.52 acres (0.0628 km2)
Fort Union National Monument New Mexico 720.6 acres (2.916 km2)
Fossil Butte National Monument Wyoming 8,198 acres (33.18 km2)
Freedom Riders National Monument Alabama 7.83 acres (0.0317 km2)
George Washington Birthplace National Monument Virginia 661.73 acres (2.6779 km2)
George Washington Carver National Monument Missouri 210 acres (0.85 km2)
Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument New Mexico 533.13 acres (2.1575 km2)
Governors Island National Monument New York 22.78 acres (0.0922 km2)
Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument Arizona NPS manages 208,453 acres (843.58 km2) of 1,048,325 acres (4,242.42 km2)
Grand Portage National Monument Minnesota 709.97 acres (2.8731 km2)
Hagerman Fossil Beds National Monument Idaho 4,351.15 acres (17.6085 km2)
Hohokam Pima National Monument Arizona 1,690 acres (6.8 km2)
Homestead National Monument of America Nebraska 211.09 acres (0.8543 km2)
Hovenweep National Monument Colorado, Utah 784.93 acres (3.1765 km2)
Jewel Cave National Monument South Dakota 1,273.51 acres (5.1537 km2)
John Day Fossil Beds National Monument Oregon 14,062.02 acres (56.9070 km2)
Katahdin Woods and Waters National Monument Maine 87,500 acres (354 km2)
Lava Beds National Monument California 46,692.42 acres (188.9575 km2)
Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument Montana 765.34 acres (3.0972 km2)
Montezuma Castle National Monument Arizona 1,015.52 acres (4.1097 km2)
Muir Woods National Monument California 553.55 acres (2.2401 km2)
Natural Bridges National Monument Utah 7,636.49 acres (30.9038 km2)
Navajo National Monument Arizona 360 acres (1.5 km2)
Oregon Caves National Monument and Preserve Oregon 4,487.98 acres (18.1622 km2)
Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument Arizona 330,688.86 acres (1,338.2503 km2)
Petroglyph National Monument New Mexico 7,209.3 acres (29.175 km2)
Pipe Spring National Monument Arizona 40 acres (0.16 km2)
Pipestone National Monument Minnesota 281.78 acres (1.1403 km2)
Poverty Point National Monument Louisiana 910.85 acres (3.6861 km2)
Pullman National Monument Illinois 300 acres (1.2 km2)
Rainbow Bridge National Monument Utah 160 acres (0.65 km2)
Russell Cave National Monument Alabama 310.45 acres (1.2563 km2)
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument New Mexico 1,071.42 acres (4.3359 km2)
Scotts Bluff National Monument Nebraska 3,004.81 acres (12.1600 km2)
Statue of Liberty National Monument New York, New Jersey 60.86 acres (0.2463 km2)
Stonewall National Monument New York 7.7 acres (0.031 km2)
Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument Arizona 3,040 acres (12.3 km2)
Timpanogos Cave National Monument Utah 250 acres (1.0 km2)
Tonto National Monument Arizona 1,120 acres (4.5 km2)
Tule Lake National Monument California 1,391 acres (5.63 km2)
Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument Nevada 22,650 acres (91.7 km2)
Tuzigoot National Monument Arizona 811.89 acres (3.2856 km2)
Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument U.S. Virgin Islands 12,708.07 acres (51.4277 km2)
Waco Mammoth National Monument Texas 5 acres (0.020 km2)
Walnut Canyon National Monument Arizona 3,529.26 acres (14.2824 km2)
White Sands National Monument New Mexico 143,733.25 acres (581.6678 km2)
Wupatki National Monument Arizona 35,422.13 acres (143.3483 km2)
Yucca House National Monument Colorado 33.87 acres (0.1371 km2)

Authorized national monuments

NameStateStatus
Medgar and Myrlie Evers Home [4] [5] Mississippi Pending acquisition of property
Mill Springs Battlefield [4] [5] Kentucky Pending acquisition of property

Former national monuments

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Carlsbad Cave National MonumentOctober 5, 1923May 14, 1930Redesignated as Carlsbad Caverns National Park
Denali National MonumentDecember 1, 1978December 2, 1980Incorporated with Mount McKinley National Park and renamed Denali National Park and Preserve
Grand Canyon National MonumentJanuary 11, 1908February 26, 1919Redesignated as Grand Canyon National Park
Grand Canyon National Monument December 22, 1932January 3, 1975Abolished; lands transferred with Marble Canyon National Monument into an expansion of Grand Canyon National Park. [6] [7] [8] [9]
Marble Canyon National Monument January 20, 1969January 3, 1975Abolished; lands transferred with Grand Canyon National Monument into an expansion of Grand Canyon National Park.
Kobuk Valley National MonumentDecember 1, 1978December 2, 1980Redesignated as Kobuk Valley National Park
Papago Saguaro National Monument January 31, 1914April 7, 1930Transferred to Arizona; now jointly operated by the cities of Phoenix and Tempe
Lewis and Clark Cavern National Monument May 11, 1908August 24, 1937Transferred to Montana; now operated as a state park
Kenai Fjords National MonumentDecember 1, 1978December 2, 1980Redesignated as Kenai Fjords National Park
Channel Islands National MonumentApril 26, 1938March 5, 1980Redesignated as Channel Islands National Park
Father Millet Cross National Monument August 10, 1933September 7, 1949Transferred to New York upon the closing of the adjacent military base; now operated part of Fort Niagara State Park
First State National Monument March 25, 2013December 19, 2014Incorporated into First State National Historical Park
Lake Clark National MonumentDecember 1, 1978December 2, 1980Renamed Lake Clark National Park and Preserve
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National MonumentMarch 2, 1933October 21, 1999Redesignated as Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park
Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument March 25, 2013December 19, 2014The National Park Service areas of this monument were incorporated into Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park, and the National Park Service no longer recognizes their portions of the national monument as distinct from the national historical park. The remaining portions of Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument continue to be operated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Mukuntuweap National Monument
(renamed Zion National Monument in 1918)
July 31, 1909November 19, 1919Redesignated as Zion National Park
Zion National Monument
("the Kolob Canyons area")
January 22, 1937July 11, 1956Incorporated into Zion National Park
Capitol Reef National MonumentAugust 2, 1937December 18, 1971Redesignated as Capitol Reef National Park
Arches National MonumentApril 12, 1929November 12, 1971Redesignated as Arches National Park
Bryce Canyon National MonumentJune 8, 1923February 25, 1928Redesignated as Bryce Canyon National Park
Wheeler National Monument December 7, 1908August 3, 1950Returned to United States Forest Service
Holy Cross National Monument May 11, 1929August 3, 1950Returned to United States Forest Service
Jackson Hole National Monument 1943September 14, 1950Merged into Grand Teton National Park
Shoshone Cavern National Monument September 21, 1909May 17, 1954Transferred to Cody, Wyoming as a municipal attraction, and later returned to the Bureau of Land Management
Old Kasaan National Monument October 25, 1916July 26, 1955Transferred to United States Forest Service
Castle Pinckney National Monument August 10, 1933March 29, 1956Transferred to South Carolina, and later sold to the Sons of Confederate Veterans; site currently inaccessible and unmaintained
Saguaro National MonumentMarch 1, 1933October 4, 1994Redesignated as Saguaro National Park
Verendrye National Monument June 29, 1917July 30, 1956Transferred to North Dakota after the construction of the Garrison Dam; site currently flooded by the reservoir Lake Sakakawea
Gates of the Arctic National MonumentDecember 1, 1978December 2, 1980Renamed Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve
Fossil Cycad National Monument October 21, 1922August 1, 1956Transferred to Bureau of Land Management because of severe vandalism to the site
Death Valley National MonumentFebruary 11, 1933October 31, 1994Redesignated as Death Valley National Park
Joshua Tree National MonumentAugust 10, 1936October 31, 1994Redesignated as Joshua Tree National Park
Ackia Battlefield National Monument August 27, 1935August 10, 1961Incorporated into Natchez Trace Parkway
Meriwether Lewis National Monument February 6, 1925August 10, 1961Incorporated into Natchez Trace Parkway
Katmai National MonumentSeptember 24, 1918December 2, 1980Renamed Katmai National Park and Preserve
Mount Olympus National MonumentMarch 2, 1909June 29, 1938Redesignated as Olympic National Park
Petrified Forest National Monument December 8, 1906December 9, 1962Redesignated as Petrified Forest National Park
Lehman Caves National Monument June 10, 1933October 27, 1986Abolished; incorporated into Great Basin National Park [10]
Congaree Swamp National MonumentOctober 18, 1976November 10, 2003Redesignated as Congaree National Park
Glacier Bay National MonumentFebruary 25, 1925December 2, 1980Renamed Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve
Mound City Group National Monument January 1, 1918January 2, 1992Incorporated into Hopewell Culture National Historical Park
Minidoka Internment National Monument January 17, 2001May 8, 2008Redesignated as Minidoka National Historic Site
Pinnacles National Monument January 16, 1908January 10, 2013Redesignated as Pinnacles National Park [11]
Andrew Johnson National Monument April 27, 1942December 11, 1963Redesignated as Andrew Johnson National Historic Site [12]
Sieur de Monts National MonumentJuly 8, 1916February 26, 1919Redesignated as Lafayette National Park
(renamed Acadia National Park on January 19, 1929)
Edison Laboratory National Monument July 14, 1956September 5, 1962Combined with Edison Home National Historic Site into Edison National Historic Site, later redesignated Thomas Edison National Historical Park
Wrangell-St. Elias National MonumentDecember 1, 1978December 2, 1980Renamed Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve
Badlands National MonumentJanuary 29, 1939November 10, 1978Redesignated as Badlands National Park
Great Sand Dunes National MonumentMarch 17, 1932September 14, 2004Renamed Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve
Biscayne National MonumentOctober 18, 1968June 28, 1980Redesignated as Biscayne National Park
Fort Jefferson National MonumentJanuary 4, 1935October 26, 1992Redesignated as Dry Tortugas National Park
Cinder Cone National MonumentMay 6, 1907August 9, 1916Merged with Lassen Peak National Monument and redesignated as Lassen Volcanic National Park
Lassen Peak National MonumentMay 6, 1907August 9, 1916Merged with Cinder Cone National Monument and redesignated as Lassen Volcanic National Park

National preserves

There are 21 national preserves in the United States. Ten are distinct stand-alone official units of the National Park System, while nine others are merely areas of distinct management policies and land-use restrictions within a larger "national park and preserve" or "national monument and preserve" that are counted as two units of the National Park System by the National Park Service. Two others are areas of distinct management policies and land-use restrictions within a larger park (Oregon Caves National Monument and Preserve and Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve) but by statute are counted by the National Park Service as single units of the National Park System.

NameLocationArea (2017)
Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve Alaska 464,117.93 acres (1,878.2186 km2)
Bering Land Bridge National Preserve Alaska 2,697,391.01 acres (10,915.9541 km2)
Big Cypress National Preserve Florida 720,564.01 acres (2,916.0191 km2)
Big Thicket National Preserve Texas 113,121.96 acres (457.7883 km2)
Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve Idaho 698,939.69 acres (2,828.5086 km2)
Denali National Park and Preserve Alaska 1,334,117.80 acres (5,398.9832 km2)
Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve Alaska 948,608.07 acres (3,838.8807 km2)
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Alaska 58,406.00 acres (236.3607 km2)
Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve Colorado 41,686.00 acres (168.6973 km2)
Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve Louisiana 22,420.86 acres (90.7340 km2)
Katmai National Park and Preserve Alaska 418,698.80 acres (1,694.4139 km2)
Lake Clark National Park and Preserve Alaska 1,410,293.68 acres (5,707.2560 km2)
Little River Canyon National Preserve Alabama 15,288.58 acres (61.8707 km2)
Mojave National Preserve California 1,545,685.49 acres (6,255.1673 km2)
Noatak National Preserve Alaska 6,587,071.39 acres (26,656.9322 km2)
Oregon Caves National Monument and Preserve Oregon 4,554.03 acres (18.4295 km2)
Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve Kansas 10,882.67 acres (44.0406 km2)
Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve Florida 46,262.67 acres (187.2184 km2)
Valles Caldera National Preserve New Mexico 89,766.09 acres (363.2705 km2)
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Alaska 4,852,644.52 acres (19,637.9556 km2)
Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve Alaska 2,526,512.44 acres (10,224.4331 km2)

National historical parks

The bell tower atop Independence Hall, formerly home to the Liberty Bell (Independence National Historical Park) 2015 Independence Hall - Philadelphia 01.JPG
The bell tower atop Independence Hall, formerly home to the Liberty Bell (Independence National Historical Park)
Pu`uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park Hawaii Pu uhonua 8281.jpg
Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park
Laboratory building at Thomas Edison National Historical Park Edison labs Main St Lakeside Av jeh.jpg
Laboratory building at Thomas Edison National Historical Park
Keweenaw National Historical Park Keweenaw National Historical Park Headquarters.jpg
Keweenaw National Historical Park

There are 57 national historical parks.

NameLocationArea (2017)
Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park Kentucky 344.50 acres (1.3941 km2)
Adams National Historical Park Massachusetts 23.82 acres (0.0964 km2)
Appomattox Court House National Historical Park Virginia 1,774.60 acres (7.1816 km2)
Blackstone River Valley National Historical Park Rhode Island, Massachusetts 1,489.00 acres (6.0258 km2)
Boston National Historical Park Massachusetts 43.82 acres (0.1773 km2)
Cane River Creole National Historical Park Louisiana 205.50 acres (0.8316 km2)
Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park Virginia 3,706.39 acres (14.9992 km2)
Chaco Culture National Historical Park New Mexico 33,960.19 acres (137.4320 km2)
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park District of Columbia, Maryland, West Virginia 19,612.37 acres (79.3684 km2)
Colonial National Historical Park [13] Virginia 8,676.91 acres (35.1142 km2)
Cumberland Gap National Historical Park Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia 24,546.83 acres (99.3375 km2)
Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park Ohio 110.52 acres (0.4473 km2)
First State National Historical Park Delaware, Pennsylvania 1,155.04 acres (4.6743 km2)
Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park South Carolina 234.74 acres (0.9500 km2)
George Rogers Clark National Historical Park Indiana 26.17 acres (0.1059 km2)
Golden Spike National Historical Park Utah 2,735.28 acres (11.0693 km2)
Harriet Tubman National Historical Park New York 31.50 acres (0.1275 km2)
Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park Maryland 480.00 acres (1.9425 km2)
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland 3,656.22 acres (14.7962 km2)
Hopewell Culture National Historical Park Ohio 1,770.19 acres (7.1637 km2)
Independence National Historical Park Pennsylvania 44.87 acres (0.1816 km2)
Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve Louisiana 22,420.86 acres (90.7340 km2)
Kalaupapa National Historical Park Hawaii 10,778.88 acres (43.6206 km2)
Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park Hawaii 1,163.05 acres (4.7067 km2)
Keweenaw National Historical Park Michigan 1,870.00 acres (7.5676 km2)
Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park (part of Klondike Gold Rush International Historical Park) Alaska, Washington 12,996.49 acres (52.5949 km2)
Lewis and Clark National and State Historical Parks Oregon, Washington 3,410.15 acres (13.8004 km2)
Lowell National Historical Park Massachusetts 141.67 acres (0.5733 km2)
Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park Texas 1,571.71 acres (6.3605 km2)
Manhattan Project National Historical Park New Mexico, Tennessee, Washington 113.61 acres (0.4598 km2)
Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park Vermont 643.07 acres (2.6024 km2)
Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical Park Georgia 38.70 acres (0.1566 km2)
Minute Man National Historical Park Massachusetts 1,027.76 acres (4.1592 km2)
Morristown National Historical Park New Jersey 1,710.72 acres (6.9230 km2)
Natchez National Historical Park Mississippi 108.30 acres (0.4383 km2)
New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park Massachusetts 34.00 acres (0.1376 km2)
New Orleans Jazz National Historical Park Louisiana 5.13 acres (0.0208 km2)
Nez Perce National Historical Park Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington 4,564.93 acres (18.4736 km2)
Ocmulgee Mounds National Historical Park Georgia 4,564.93 acres (18.4736 km2)
Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park Texas 3,441.74 acres (13.9282 km2)
Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park New Jersey 51.32 acres (0.2077 km2)
Pecos National Historical Park New Mexico 6,693.49 acres (27.0876 km2)
Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park Hawaii 419.80 acres (1.6989 km2)
Reconstruction Era National Historical Park South Carolina 64.99 acres (0.2630 km2)
Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park California 145.19 acres (0.5876 km2)
Saint-Gaudens National Historical Park New Hampshire 190.75 acres (0.7719 km2)
Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve U.S. Virgin Islands 989.42 acres (4.0040 km2)
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park Texas 947.77 acres (3.8355 km2)
San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park California 49.86 acres (0.2018 km2)
San Juan Island National Historical Park Washington 2,145.56 acres (8.6828 km2)
Saratoga National Historical Park New York 3,579.14 acres (14.4843 km2)
Sitka National Historical Park Alaska 116.29 acres (0.4706 km2)
Thomas Edison National Historical Park New Jersey 21.25 acres (0.0860 km2)
Tumacácori National Historical Park Arizona 360.32 acres (1.4582 km2)
Valley Forge National Historical Park Pennsylvania 3,467.70 acres (14.0333 km2)
War in the Pacific National Historical Park Guam 2,030.65 acres (8.2177 km2)
Women's Rights National Historical Park New York 7.44 acres (0.0301 km2)
Authorized national historical parks
NameStatus
Coltsville National Historical Park Connecticut (pending acquisition of property)
Ste. Genevieve National Historical Park Missouri (pending acquisition of property)

National historic sites

Harry S Truman National Historic Site Trumanhist.JPG
Harry S Truman National Historic Site
Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site Knife River Earthlodge.JPG
Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site
Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site 97 Orchard Street Front.jpg
Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site
Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site Fort Union Trading Post NHS.JPG
Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site
Castillo San Felipe del Morro at San Juan National Historic Site Castillo San Felipe del Morro in San Juan Puerto Rico.jpg
Castillo San Felipe del Morro at San Juan National Historic Site
Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site Saint-Gaudens-NHS.jpg
Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site

The National Park Service administers the national historic sites, with the exception of Grey Towers National Historic Site (managed by the U.S. Forest Service) and those that are managed as Affiliated Areas of the National Park System.

There are 89 national historic sites, of which 78 are NPS units and 11 are affiliated areas.

NameLocationArea (2017)
Aleutian World War II National Historic Area (affiliated area) Alaska
Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site Pennsylvania 1,284.27 acres (5.1973 km2)
Andersonville National Historic Site Georgia 515.61 acres (2.0866 km2)
Andrew Johnson National Historic Site Tennessee 16.68 acres (0.0675 km2)
Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site Colorado 798.80 acres (3.2326 km2)
Boston African American National Historic Site Massachusetts 0.59 acres (0.0024 km2)
Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site Kansas 1.85 acres (0.0075 km2)
Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site North Carolina 263.65 acres (1.0670 km2)
Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic Site Washington, D.C. 0.15 acres (0.00061 km2)
Charles Pinckney National Historic Site South Carolina 28.45 acres (0.1151 km2)
Chicago Portage National Historic Site (affiliated area) Illinois
Chimney Rock National Historic Site (affiliated area) Nebraska
Christiansted National Historic Site U.S. Virgin Islands 27.15 acres (0.1099 km2)
Clara Barton National Historic Site Maryland 8.59 acres (0.0348 km2)
Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site Pennsylvania 0.52 acres (0.0021 km2)
Eisenhower National Historic Site Pennsylvania 690.46 acres (2.7942 km2)
Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site New York 180.50 acres (0.7305 km2)
Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site California 13.19 acres (0.0534 km2)
Fallen Timbers Battlefield and Fort Miamis National Historic Site (affiliated area) Ohio
First Ladies National Historic Site Ohio 0.46 acres (0.0019 km2)
Ford's Theatre National Historic Site Washington, D.C. 0.30 acres (0.0012 km2)
Fort Bowie National Historic Site Arizona 999.45 acres (4.0446 km2)
Fort Davis National Historic Site Texas 523.00 acres (2.1165 km2)
Fort Laramie National Historic Site Wyoming 873.11 acres (3.5334 km2)
Fort Larned National Historic Site Kansas 718.39 acres (2.9072 km2)
Fort Point National Historic Site California 29.00 acres (0.1174 km2)
Fort Raleigh National Historic Site North Carolina 512.93 acres (2.0758 km2)
Fort Scott National Historic Site Kansas 16.69 acres (0.0675 km2)
Fort Smith National Historic Site Arkansas, Oklahoma 75.00 acres (0.3035 km2)
Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site North Dakota 440.14 acres (1.7812 km2)
Fort Vancouver National Historic Site Washington, Oregon 206.72 acres (0.8366 km2)
Frederick Douglass National Historic Site Washington, D.C. 8.57 acres (0.0347 km2)
Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site Massachusetts 7.21 acres (0.0292 km2)
Friendship Hill National Historic Site Pennsylvania 674.56 acres (2.7298 km2)
Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church National Historic Site (affiliated area) Pennsylvania
Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site Montana 1,618.43 acres (6.5496 km2)
Hampton National Historic Site Maryland 62.04 acres (0.2511 km2)
Harry S Truman National Historic Site Missouri 12.59 acres (0.0509 km2)
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site Iowa 186.80 acres (0.7560 km2)
Historic Camden Revolutionary War Site (affiliated area) South Carolina
Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site New York 833.43 acres (3.3728 km2)
Honouliuli National Historic Site Hawaii
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site Pennsylvania 848.06 acres (3.4320 km2)
Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site Arizona 160.09 acres (0.6479 km2)
James A. Garfield National Historic Site Ohio 7.82 acres (0.0316 km2)
Jamestown National Historic Site (affiliated area) Virginia
Jimmy Carter National Historic Site Georgia 72.21 acres (0.2922 km2)
John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site Massachusetts 0.09 acres (0.00036 km2)
John Muir National Historic Site California 344.14 acres (1.3927 km2)
Kate Mullany National Historic Site (affiliated area) New York
Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site North Dakota 1,748.80 acres (7.0771 km2)
Lincoln Home National Historic Site Illinois 12.24 acres (0.0495 km2)
Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site Arkansas 27.28 acres (0.1104 km2)
Longfellow House–Washington's Headquarters National Historic Site Massachusetts 1.98 acres (0.0080 km2)
Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site (affiliated area) New York
Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site Virginia 1.29 acres (0.0052 km2)
Manzanar National Historic Site California 813.81 acres (3.2934 km2)
Martin Van Buren National Historic Site New York 284.93 acres (1.1531 km2)
Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site Washington, D.C. 0.07 acres (0.00028 km2)
Minidoka National Historic Site Idaho 396.30 acres (1.6038 km2)
Minuteman Missile National Historic Site South Dakota 43.80 acres (0.1773 km2)
Nicodemus National Historic Site Kansas 17.52 acres (0.0709 km2)
Ninety Six National Historic Site South Carolina 1,021.94 acres (4.1356 km2)
Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site Washington, D.C. 17.61 acres (0.0713 km2)
President William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home National Historic Site Arkansas 0.68 acres (0.0028 km2)
Puʻukoholā Heiau National Historic Site Hawaii 86.24 acres (0.3490 km2)
Sagamore Hill National Historic Site New York 83.02 acres (0.3360 km2)
Saint Paul's Church National Historic Site New York 6.13 acres (0.0248 km2)
Salem Maritime National Historic Site Massachusetts 9.02 acres (0.0365 km2)
San Juan National Historic Site Puerto Rico 75.13 acres (0.3040 km2)
Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site Colorado 12,583.34 acres (50.9230 km2)
Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site Massachusetts 8.51 acres (0.0344 km2)
Springfield Armory National Historic Site Massachusetts 54.93 acres (0.2223 km2)
Steamtown National Historic Site Pennsylvania 62.43 acres (0.2526 km2)
Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site New York 0.11 acres (0.00045 km2)
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site New York 1.18 acres (0.0048 km2)
Thomas Cole National Historic Site (affiliated area) New York
Thomas Stone National Historic Site Maryland 328.25 acres (1.3284 km2)
Touro Synagogue National Historic Site (affiliated area) Rhode Island
Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site Alabama 89.68 acres (0.3629 km2)
Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site Alabama 57.92 acres (0.2344 km2)
Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site Missouri 9.60 acres (0.0388 km2)
Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site New York 211.65 acres (0.8565 km2)
Washita Battlefield National Historic Site Oklahoma 315.20 acres (1.2756 km2)
Weir Farm National Historic Site Connecticut 74.20 acres (0.3003 km2)
Whitman Mission National Historic Site Washington 138.53 acres (0.5606 km2)
William Howard Taft National Historic Site Ohio 3.64 acres (0.0147 km2)

Disbanded national historic sites

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Atlanta Campaign National Historic Site October 13, 1944September 21, 1950Transferred to state of Georgia; park never developed beyond a set of six roadside interpretive markers along the Dixie Highway
Mar-a-Lago National Historic Site October 21, 1972December 23, 1980Returned to a nonprofit foundation operated by the Post family, the original owners of the site
McLoughlin House National Historic Site June 27, 1941July 29, 2003Merged into Fort Vancouver National Historic Site
St. Thomas National Historic Site December 24, 1960February 5, 1975Transferred to U.S. Virgin Islands; currently operated as a Virgin Islands territorial park
Sewall-Belmont House National Historic Site April 12, 2016Redesignated Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National Monument and changed from affiliated unit to an NPS unit
Edison Home National Historic Site December 6, 1955September 5, 1962Combined with Edison Laboratory National Monument into Edison National Historic Site, later redesignated Thomas Edison National Historical Park
Edison National Historic Site September 5, 1962March 30, 2009Redesignated Thomas Edison National Historical Park

Authorized national historic sites

NameStatus
Ronald Reagan Boyhood Home National Historic Site [14] Pending acquisition of property
Fort St. Mark's National Historic Site [15] Pending acquisition of property

International historic site

Name [1] Location
Saint Croix Island International Historic Site Maine/New Brunswick

National battlefield parks

Malvern Hill, Richmond National Battlefield Park, Virginia Malvern Hill, Civil War Battlefield, RIchmond National Battlefield - Stierch.jpg
Malvern Hill, Richmond National Battlefield Park, Virginia
Name [1] Location
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park Georgia
Manassas National Battlefield Park Virginia
Richmond National Battlefield Park Virginia
River Raisin National Battlefield Park Michigan

National military parks

Vicksburg National Military Park Vicksburg-illinois-memorial.jpg
Vicksburg National Military Park
Name [1] Location
Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Georgia, Tennessee
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park Virginia
Gettysburg National Military Park Pennsylvania
Guilford Courthouse National Military Park North Carolina
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park Alabama
Kings Mountain National Military Park South Carolina
Pea Ridge National Military Park Arkansas
Shiloh National Military Park Tennessee, Mississippi
Vicksburg National Military Park Mississippi, Louisiana

Disbanded national military parks

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Moore's Creek National Military Park June 2, 1926September 8, 1980Redesignated as Moores Creek National Battlefield
Monocacy National Military Park June 21, 1934October 21, 1976Redesignated Monocacy National Battlefield; previously Monocacy National Battlefield Site (1929 to 1934)

National battlefields

Fort Donelson National Battlefield Fort Donelson river battery (1).jpg
Fort Donelson National Battlefield
Name [1] Location
Antietam National Battlefield Maryland
Big Hole National Battlefield Montana
Cowpens National Battlefield South Carolina
Fort Donelson National Battlefield Tennessee, Kentucky
Fort Necessity National Battlefield Pennsylvania
Monocacy National Battlefield Maryland
Moores Creek National Battlefield North Carolina
Petersburg National Battlefield Virginia
Stones River National Battlefield Tennessee
Tupelo National Battlefield Mississippi
Wilson's Creek National Battlefield Missouri

National battlefield site

Name [1] Location
Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield Site Mississippi

Disbanded national battlefield sites

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Antietam National Battlefield Site August 30, 18901978Redesignated Antietam National Battlefield
New Orleans Battlefield Site (Chalmette Monument and Grounds)March 4, 19071939Redesignated Chalmette National Historical Park; incorporated into Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Nov. 10, 1978
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Site February 8, 19171935Redesignated Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
White Plains National Battlefield Site May 18, 19261956Assumed by Battle of White Plains Monument Committee, 1958
Tupelo National Battlefield Site February 21, 19291961Redesignated Tupelo National Battlefield
Monocacy National Battlefield Site March 1, 1929June 21, 1934Reauthorized as a national military park; redesignated Monocacy National Battlefield, Oct. 21, 1976
Cowpens National Battlefield Site March 4, 19291972Redesignated Cowpens National Battlefield
Appomattox Battlefield Site June 18, 19301935Designated Appomattox Court House National Historical Monument; redesignated Appomattox Court House National Historical Park, 1954
Fort Necessity National Battlefield Site March 4, 19311961Redesignated Fort Necessity National Battlefield

National memorials

Lincoln Memorial Lincoln-Memorial WashingtonDC.jpg
Lincoln Memorial
Benjamin Franklin National Memorial Benjamin Franklin National Memorial.jpg
Benjamin Franklin National Memorial
Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial Perrys Monument 2012.jpg
Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial

There are 30 national memorials that are NPS units and five affiliated national memorials. [1]

NameLocationArea [2]
American Memorial Park (affiliated area) Northern Mariana Islands
Arkansas Post National Memorial Arkansas 757.51 acres (3.0655 km2)
Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial Virginia 28.08 acres (0.1136 km2)
Benjamin Franklin National Memorial (affiliated area) Pennsylvania
Chamizal National Memorial Texas 54.90 acres (0.2222 km2)
Coronado National Memorial Arizona 4,830.22 acres (19.5472 km2)
De Soto National Memorial Florida 30 acres (0.12 km2)
Father Marquette National Memorial (affiliated area) Michigan
Federal Hall National Memorial New York 0.45 acres (0.0018 km2)
Flight 93 National Memorial Pennsylvania 2,319.96 acres (9.3885 km2)
Fort Caroline National Memorial Florida 138.39 acres (0.5600 km2)
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial Washington, D.C. 8.14 acres (0.0329 km2)
General Grant National Memorial New York .76 acres (0.0031 km2)
Hamilton Grange National Memorial New York 1.04 acres (0.0042 km2)
Johnstown Flood National Memorial Pennsylvania 177.76 acres (0.7194 km2)
Korean War Veterans Memorial Washington, D.C. 1.56 acres (0.0063 km2)
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial Indiana 199.65 acres (0.8080 km2)
Lincoln Memorial Washington, D.C. 7.29 acres (0.0295 km2)
Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac Washington, D.C. 17 acres (0.069 km2)
Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Washington, D.C. 2.74 acres (0.0111 km2)
Mount Rushmore National Memorial South Dakota 1,278.45 acres (5.1737 km2)
Oklahoma City National Memorial (affiliated area) Oklahoma
Pearl Harbor National Memorial Hawaii
Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial Ohio 25.38 acres (0.1027 km2)
Port Chicago Naval Magazine National Memorial California 5.00 acres (0.0202 km2)
Red Hill Patrick Henry National Memorial (affiliated area) Virginia
Roger Williams National Memorial Rhode Island 4.56 acres (0.0185 km2)
Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial Pennsylvania .02 acres (8.1×10−5 km2)
Theodore Roosevelt Island National Memorial Washington, D.C. 88.5 acres (0.358 km2)
Thomas Jefferson Memorial Washington, D.C. 18.36 acres (0.0743 km2)
Vietnam Veterans Memorial Washington, D.C. 2.18 acres (0.0088 km2)
Washington Monument Washington, D.C. 106.01 acres (0.4290 km2)
World War I Memorial Washington, D.C. 1.76 acres (0.0071 km2)
World War II Memorial Washington, D.C. 8.25 acres (0.0334 km2)
Wright Brothers National Memorial North Carolina 428.44 acres (1.7338 km2)

Disbanded national memorials

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Camp Blount Tablets National Memorial 19301944Transferred to NPS in 1933 from War Dept., it was never developed; only a stone marker remains off U.S. Route 231 near Fayetteville, Tennessee
Fort Clatsop National MemorialMay 29, 1958October 30, 2004Incorporated into Lewis and Clark National and State Historical Parks
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial December 21, 1935February 22, 2018Redesignated as Gateway Arch National Park
New Echota Marker National Memorial August 10, 1933September 21, 1950Transferred to state of Georgia; currently operated as a Georgia state park.
Oklahoma City National Memorial October 9, 1997January 23, 2004Transferred to the nonprofit Oklahoma City National Memorial Foundation; NPS interpretation continues at this affiliated unit

Authorized national memorials

NameLaw
Adams Memorial Authorized by Public Law 107-62
Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Authorized by Public Law 107-117
National Desert Storm/Desert Shield Memorial Authorized by National Defense Authorization Act 2015 [16]

National recreation areas

Lake Mead National Recreation Area Lake Mead 1.jpg
Lake Mead National Recreation Area
Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area Delaware Water Gap cliffs.jpg
Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area

There are 18 national recreation areas administered by the National Park Service. [1]

NameLocation
Amistad National Recreation Area Texas
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area Montana, Wyoming
Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area Massachusetts
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area Georgia
Chickasaw National Recreation Area Oklahoma
Curecanti National Recreation Area Colorado
Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Gateway National Recreation Area New York, New Jersey
Gauley River National Recreation Area West Virginia
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area Utah, Arizona
Golden Gate National Recreation Area California
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area Washington
Lake Mead National Recreation Area Nevada, Arizona
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area Texas
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area Washington
Ross Lake National Recreation Area Washington
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area California
Whiskeytown National Recreation Area California

Disestablished or transferred national recreation areas

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Arbuckle Recreation Area February 1, 1965March 17, 1976Incorporated with Platt National Park and redesignated Chickasaw National Recreation Area
Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area December 27, 1974October 11, 2000Redesignated as Cuyahoga Valley National Park
Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area July 22, 1963October 1, 1968Transferred to U.S. Forest Service
Lake Texoma Recreation Area April 18, 1946June 30, 1949Returned to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Millerton Lake Recreation AreaMay 22, 1945November 1, 1957Transferred to state of California; currently operated by the California Department of Water Resources
Shadow Mountain National Recreation Area June 27, 1952March 1, 1979Transferred to U.S. Forest Service
Shasta Lake Recreation Area May 22, 1945July 1, 1948Transferred to U.S. Forest Service

National seashores

Wild horses on Assateague Island National Seashore Assateague fg02.jpg
Wild horses on Assateague Island National Seashore
Cape Hatteras National Seashore Cape Hatteras lighthouse North Carolina.jpg
Cape Hatteras National Seashore

There are 10 national seashores. [1]

NameLocation
Assateague Island National Seashore Maryland, Virginia
Canaveral National Seashore Florida
Cape Cod National Seashore Massachusetts
Cape Hatteras National Seashore North Carolina
Cape Lookout National Seashore North Carolina
Cumberland Island National Seashore Georgia
Fire Island National Seashore New York
Gulf Islands National Seashore Florida, Mississippi
Padre Island National Seashore Texas
Point Reyes National Seashore California

National lakeshores

Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore Sleeping Bear Dunes.jpg
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore

There are three national lakeshores, located in Michigan and Wisconsin.

NameLocation
Apostle Islands National Lakeshore Wisconsin
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore Michigan
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore Michigan

Disestablished or transferred national lakeshores

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore November 5, 1966February 15, 2019Redesignated Indiana Dunes National Park

National rivers and national wild and scenic rivers

The Buffalo National River, the first National River established in the United States Morning on the Buffalo River.jpg
The Buffalo National River, the first National River established in the United States
Saint Croix National Scenic Riverway InterstateStateParkMN arf3.JPG
Saint Croix National Scenic Riverway

There are five national rivers (marked with an asterisk) and ten national wild and scenic rivers administered as distinct units of the National Park System. [1]

NameLocation
Alagnak Wild and Scenic River Alaska
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area* Kentucky, Tennessee
Bluestone National Scenic River West Virginia
Buffalo National River* Arkansas
Great Egg Harbor National Scenic and Recreational River New Jersey
Middle Delaware National Scenic River New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Mississippi National River and Recreation Area* Minnesota
Missouri National Recreational River Nebraska, South Dakota
New River Gorge National River* West Virginia
Niobrara National Scenic River Nebraska
Obed Wild and Scenic River Tennessee
Ozark National Scenic Riverways* Missouri
Rio Grande Wild and Scenic River Texas
Saint Croix National Scenic Riverway Wisconsin, Minnesota
Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River New York, Pennsylvania

National reserves

City of Rocks National Reserve, Idaho, USA City of rocks view NPS.jpg
City of Rocks National Reserve, Idaho, USA

National reserves are partnerships between federal, state, and local authorities. Within the boundaries of the three national reserves are combinations of federal land (Park Service or National Wildlife Refuges), state parks and forests, local public lands, and private properties.

Name [1] Location
City of Rocks National Reserve Idaho
Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve Washington
New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve (affiliated area) New Jersey

National parkways

Blue Ridge Parkway, Virginia and North Carolina Blueridgeparkwaylookingglassrock.jpg
Blue Ridge Parkway, Virginia and North Carolina

Ten roadways and surrounding scenic areas are managed by the NPS as parkways, four of which as official units and five as part of other units.

Name [1] Location
Baltimore-Washington Parkway (part of National Capital Parks East) Maryland, Washington, D.C.
Blue Ridge Parkway Virginia, North Carolina
Colonial Parkway (part of Colonial National Historical Park) Virginia
Foothills Parkway (part of Great Smoky Mountains National Park) Tennessee
George Washington Memorial Parkway (In 1989, the Maryland and DC portions of the parkway were renamed Clara Barton Parkway to overcome motorist confusion). Virginia, Maryland, Washington, D.C.
John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial Parkway Wyoming
Natchez Trace Parkway Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee
Oxon Run Parkway (part of National Capital Parks East) Washington, D.C.
Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway (part of Rock Creek Park) Washington, D.C.
Suitland Parkway (part of National Capital Parks East) Maryland

National historic and scenic trails

Appalachian Trail MtGreylockSummit.JPG
Appalachian Trail

These National Park Service trails are part of the larger National Trails System. Only three of the trails are considered official units of the park system. [1]

NameLocation
Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail Hawaii
Appalachian Trail (one of the 419 official units) Maine - Georgia
California National Historic Trail Missouri - California
Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail Delaware - District of Columbia - Maryland - Virginia
El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail Louisiana - Texas
El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic Trail New Mexico
Ice Age National Scenic Trail Wisconsin
Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail Arizona - California
Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail Illinois - Oregon
Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail Illinois - Utah
Natchez Trace Trail (one of the 419 official units) Mississippi - Tennessee
New England National Scenic Trail Connecticut - Massachusetts
North Country National Scenic Trail New York - North Dakota
Old Spanish National Historic Trail New Mexico - California
Oregon National Historic Trail Missouri - Oregon
Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail Virginia - Tennessee - North Carolina - South Carolina
Pony Express National Historic Trail Missouri - California
Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail (one of the 419 official units) Virginia - Maryland - Pennsylvania - Washington, D.C.
Santa Fe National Historic Trail Missouri - New Mexico
Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail Alabama
Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail District of Columbia - Maryland - Virginia
Trail of Tears National Historic Trail Tennessee - Oklahoma
Washington-Rochambeau National Historic Trail Massachusetts - Virginia

National cemeteries

Gettysburg National Cemetery Gettysburg national cemetery img 4164.jpg
Gettysburg National Cemetery

Most national cemeteries are administered by the Department of Veterans Affairs, although a few are managed by the National Park Service and the U.S. Army. None of the cemeteries are considered official units of the system; they are all affiliated with other parks.

NameLocation
Andersonville National Cemetery Georgia
Andrew Johnson National Cemetery Tennessee
Antietam National Cemetery Maryland
Battleground National Cemetery Washington, D.C.
Chalmette National Cemetery Louisiana
Custer National Cemetery Montana
Fort Donelson National Cemetery Tennessee
Fredericksburg National Cemetery Virginia
Gettysburg National Cemetery Pennsylvania
Poplar Grove National Cemetery Virginia
Shiloh National Cemetery Tennessee
Stones River National Cemetery Tennessee
Vicksburg National Cemetery Mississippi
Yorktown National Cemetery Virginia

Transferred national cemeteries

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Chattanooga National Cemetery August 10, 1933December 7, 1944returned to War Department

National heritage areas

The National Park Service provides limited assistance to national heritage areas, but does not administer them.

Other NPS protected areas and administrative groups

National Mall DC mall lincoln-enhanced.jpg
National Mall
Roosevelt Campobello International Park (affiliated area) Roosevelt cottage at Campobello.jpg
Roosevelt Campobello International Park (affiliated area)
Acadian Landing Site at Maine Acadian Culture (affiliated area) MadawaskaME AcadianLandingCross.jpg
Acadian Landing Site at Maine Acadian Culture (affiliated area)

There are 11 NPS units of other designations, as well as other affiliated areas. The National Mall and national capital parks have many sites, some of which are also units of other designations and some are also national historic sites.

NameLocation
Catoctin Mountain Park Maryland
Historic Camden (affiliated area) [17] South Carolina
Ice Age National Scientific Reserve (affiliated area) Wisconsin
International Peace Garden (affiliated area) North Dakota/Manitoba
Inupiat Heritage Center (affiliated area) Alaska
Maine Acadian Cultural Center (affiliated area) [18] Maine
National Capital Parks (official unit of other designation) Washington, D.C./Maryland
Prince William Forest Park Virginia
Roosevelt Campobello International Park (affiliated area) New Brunswick, Canada
Wing Luke Museum of the Asian Pacific American Experience (affiliated area) [19] Washington
Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts Virginia

There are also various administrative groups of listed parks, such as Manhattan Sites, National Parks of New York Harbor, and Western Arctic National Parklands. The NPS also owns conservation easements (but not the land itself) for part of the area called the Green Springs National Historic Landmark District.

Disbanded other areas

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Appomattox Court House National Historical Monument 19351954Redesignated Appomattox Court House National Historical Park; previously Appomattox National Battlefield Site (1930-1935)
Wolf Trap Farm Park for the Performing Arts October 15, 1966August 21, 2002Redesignated Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts
National Visitor Center, Washington, D.C.March 12, 1968December 29, 1981Transferred to Department of Transportation
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts June 16, 1972July 21, 1994Transferred to Kennedy Center Trustees
New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route (affiliated area)1988September 30, 2011Multiple site agencies continue managing the route without NPS partnership [20]

In the 1930s and 1940s, the NPS developed dozens of recreational demonstration areas, most of which eventually became national or state parks.

See also

Related Research Articles

National Register of Historic Places Federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred in preserving the property.

National Park Service United States federal agency

The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. It was created on August 25, 1916, by Congress through the National Park Service Organic Act and is an agency of the United States Department of the Interior. The NPS is charged with a dual role of preserving the ecological and historical integrity of the places entrusted to its management while also making them available and accessible for public use and enjoyment.

National monument (United States) Monuments assigned protected status by Presidents of the US

In the United States, a national monument is a protected area that is similar to a national park, but can be created from any land owned or controlled by the federal government by proclamation of the President of the United States.

National Historic Site (United States) protected area in the United States

National Historic Site (NHS) is a designation for an officially recognized area of national historic significance in the United States. An NHS usually contains a single historical feature directly associated with its subject. A related but separate designation, the National Historical Park (NHP), is an area that generally extends beyond single properties or buildings, and its resources include a mix of historic and sometimes significant natural features.

Colonial National Historical Park Early history, operated by the U.S. National Park Service

Colonial National Historical Park is located in the Hampton Roads region of Virginia and is operated by the National Park Service of the United States government. The park protects and interprets several sites relating to the Colony of Virginia and the history of the United States more broadly, ranging from the site of the first landing of the English settlers who would settle at Jamestown, to the battlefields of Yorktown where the British Army was finally defeated in the American Revolutionary War. Over 3 million people visit the park each year.

Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park United States National Historical Park, in Skagway, Alaska with a unit in Seattle, Washington

Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park is a national historical park operated by the National Park Service that seeks to commemorate the Klondike Gold Rush of the late 1890s. Though the gold fields that were the ultimate goal of the stampeders lay in the Yukon Territory, the park comprises staging areas for the trek there and the routes leading in its direction. There are four units, including three in Municipality of Skagway Borough, Alaska and a fourth in the Pioneer Square National Historic District in Seattle, Washington.

Fort Frederica National Monument

Fort Frederica National Monument, on St. Simons Island, Georgia, preserves the archaeological remnants of a fort and town built by James Oglethorpe between 1736 and 1748 to protect the southern boundary of the British colony of Georgia from Spanish raids. About 630 British troops were stationed at the fort.

Sitka National Historical Park United States national park in Alaska

Sitka National Historical Park is a national historical park in Sitka in the U.S. state of Alaska. It was redesignated as a national historical park from its previous status as national monument on October 18, 1972. The park in its various forms has sought to commemorate the Tlingit and Russian experiences in Alaska.

Fort Raleigh National Historic Site United States historic place

Fort Raleigh National Historic Site preserves the location of Roanoke Colony, the first English settlement in the present-day United States. The site was preserved for its national significance in relation to the founding of the first English settlement in North America in 1587. The colony, which was promoted and backed by entrepreneurs led by Englishman Sir Walter Raleigh, failed sometime between 1587 and 1590 when supply ships failed to arrive on time. When next visited, the settlement was abandoned with no survivors found. The fate of the "Lost Colony" remains a mystery.

National Conservation Lands group of federally-managed protected areas in the United States

National Conservation Lands, formally known as the National Landscape Conservation System, is a 35-million-acre (140,000 km2) collection of lands in 873 federally recognized areas considered to be the crown jewels of the American West. These lands represent 10% of the 258 million acres (1,040,000 km2) managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). The BLM is the largest federal public land manager and is responsible for over 40% of all the federal public land in the nation. The other major federal public land managers include the US Forest Service (USFS), National Park Service (NPS), and the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS).

National Register of Historic Places listings in Franklin County, New York Wikimedia list article

List of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Franklin County, New York

California protected areas

According to the California Protected Areas Database (CPAD), in the state of California, United States, there are over 14,000 inventoried protected areas administered by public agencies and non-profits. In addition, there are private conservation areas and other easements. They include almost one-third of California's scenic coastline, including coastal wetlands, estuaries, beaches, and dune systems. The California State Parks system alone has 270 units and covers 1.3 million acres (5,300 km2), with over 280 miles (450 km) of coastline, 625 miles (1,006 km) of lake and river frontage, nearly 18,000 campsites, and 3,000 miles (5,000 km) of hiking, biking, and equestrian trails.

World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument

The World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument was a U.S. National Monument honoring events, people, and sites of the Pacific Theater engagement of the United States during World War II. The John D. Dingell, Jr. Conservation, Management, and Recreation Act, signed into law March 12, 2019, abolished the National Monument, replacing it with Pearl Harbor National Memorial, Aleutian Islands World War II National Monument, and Tule Lake National Monument.

National Heritage Site (United States)

A National Heritage Site in the United States is a location important to the cultural heritage of a particular state that has been promoted to national status, as well as sites that have been deemed nationally important by central heritage agencies.

Cesar E. Chavez National Monument

Cesar E. Chavez National Monument is a 116-acre (47 ha) U.S. National Monument in Keene, Kern County, California, located about 32 miles away from Bakersfield, California. The property was the headquarters of the United Farm Workers (UFW), and home to César Chávez from the early 1970s until his death in 1993. Chávez's gravesite is located in the property's gardens along with that of his wife, Helen Fabela Chávez. Originally developed as a headquarters and worker housing area for a quarry, it served as a tuberculosis sanitarium in the early 1900s, until its acquisition by the UFW in the early 1970s.

References

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  2. 1 2 3 "National Reports". National Park Service. Archived from the original on 22 April 2018. Retrieved 25 February 2018. Click on Park Acreage Reports (1997 – Last Calendar/Fiscal Year), then select By Park, Calendar Year, <choose year>, and then click the View PDF Report button - the areas used here are the Gross Area Acres which are in the final column of the report
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  13. Colonial NHP General Management Plan|https://archive.org/details/generalcolonial00nati Archived 2017-04-30 at the Wayback Machine
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  17. Public Law 97-184 Archived 2019-04-12 at the Wayback Machine , May 24, 1982
  18. Public Law 101-53, November 8, 1990
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