NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps

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National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps
NOAA Commissioned Corps.png
Seal of the NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps
Founded22 May 1917 (1917-05-22) [1]
(103 years, 2 months) [2]
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
Type Uniformed service
Size379 officers [3]
34 ships, 9 aircraft [4]
Part ofNOAA Flag.svg NOAA
Garrison/HQ Silver Spring, Maryland, U.S.
Nickname(s)"NOAA Corps"
Motto(s)"Science, service, stewardship." [5]
Colors         Blue and white [ citation needed ]
March
Engagements World War I [7]
World War II [7]
Cold War
Commanders
Director, NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps [8] RADM Michael J. Silah
Deputy Director, NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps [9] RDML Nancy Hann
Director, Office of Coast Survey [10] RDML Shepard M. Smith
Notable
commanders
COL Ernest Lester Jones
RADM Raymond Stanton Patton
VADM H. Arnold Karo
RADM William L. Stubblefield
RADM Evelyn J. Fields
RADM Samuel P. De Bow, Jr.
VADM Michael S. Devany
Insignia
Flag
Flag of the NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps.svg
Aircraft flown
Reconnaissance WP-3D, AC-695A, G-IV, DHC-6

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps, known informally as the NOAA Corps, is one of eight federal uniformed services of the United States, and operates under the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), a scientific agency overseen by the Department of Commerce. The NOAA Corps is made up of scientifically and technically trained officers. It is one of only two U.S. uniformed services – the other being the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps – that consists only of commissioned officers, with no enlisted or warrant officer ranks. The NOAA Corps primary mission is to monitor oceanic conditions, support major waterways, and monitor atmospheric conditions.

Contents

The NOAA Corps traces its origins to the establishment of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps on May 22, 1917, which the service recognizes as its official birthday. [11] [12] [2] The Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps became the Environmental Science Services Administration Corps (ESSA Corps) in 1965, which in turn became the NOAA Corps in 1970. [2]

Mission

The NOAA Corps is the smallest [13] of the eight uniformed services of the United States Government. It has over 300 commissioned officers, but no enlisted or warrant officer personnel. The NOAA Corps today employs professionals trained in engineering, earth sciences, oceanography, meteorology, fisheries science, and other related disciplines. NOAA Corps officers operate NOAA ships, fly NOAA aircraft, manage research projects, conduct diving operations, and serve in staff positions throughout NOAA, as well as in positions in the United States Merchant Marine, United States Department of Defense, the United States Coast Guard, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the United States Department of State. Like its predecessors, the Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps and the ESSA Corps, the NOAA Corps provides a source of technically skilled officers which can be incorporated into the U.S. Armed Forces in time of war, and in peacetime supports defense requirements in addition to its non-military scientific projects. [14] [13]

History

Early history

The NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps traces its roots to the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey. The Coast and Geodetic Survey's predecessor, the United States Survey of the Coast – renamed the United States Coast Survey in 1836 – was founded in 1807 under President Thomas Jefferson. Until the American Civil War, the Coast Survey was manned by civilian personnel working with United States Army and United States Navy officers. During the Civil War (1861–1865), Army officers were withdrawn from Coast Survey duty, never to return, while all but two Navy officers also were withdrawn from Coast Survey service for the duration of the war. Since most men of the Survey had Union sympathies, most stayed on with the Survey rather than resigning to serve the Confederate States of America; their work shifted in emphasis to support of the U.S. Navy and Union Army, and these Coast Surveyors are the professional ancestors of today's NOAA Corps. Those Coast Surveyors supporting the Union Army were given assimilated military rank while attached to a specific command, but those supporting the U.S. Navy operated as civilians and ran the risk of being executed as spies if captured by the Confederates while working in support of Union forces. After the war, U.S. Navy officers returned to duty with the Coast Survey, which was given authority over geodetic activities in the interior of the United States in 1871, and was subsequently renamed the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey in 1878. [14] [15]

With the outbreak of the Spanish-American War in April 1898, the Navy again withdrew all of its officers from Coast and Geodetic Survey assignments. They returned after the war ended in August 1898, but the system of U.S. Navy officers and men crewing the Survey's ships that had prevailed for most of the 19th century came to an end when the appropriation law––approved on June 6, 1900––provided for "all necessary employees to man and equip the vessels," instead of Navy personnel. The law took effect on July 1, 1900; at that point, all Navy personnel assigned to the Survey's ships remained aboard until the first call at each ship's home port, where they transferred off, with the Survey reimbursing the Navy for their pay accrued after July 1, 1900. [16] From July 1900, the Coast and Geodetic Survey continued as an entirely civilian-manned organization until after the United States entered World War I in April 1917. [14]

Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps

The seal of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, in which the NOAA Corps originated as the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps in 1917. U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey emblem.jpg
The seal of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, in which the NOAA Corps originated as the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps in 1917.

To avoid the dangers that Coast Survey personnel had faced during the Civil War of being executed as spies if captured by the enemy, the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps was established on 22 May 1917, giving Coast and Geodetic Survey officers a commissioned status so that under the laws of war, they could not be executed as spies if they were captured while serving as surveyors on a battlefield during World War I. The creation of the Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps also ensured that in wartime a set of officers with technical skills in surveying could be assimilated rapidly into the United States armed forces so that their skills could be employed in military and naval work essential to the war effort. Before World War I ended in November 1918, over half of all Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps officers had served in the U.S. Army, U.S. Navy, or United States Marine Corps, performing duty as artillery orienteering officers, as minelaying officers in the North Sea (where they were involved in the laying of the North Sea Mine Barrage), as navigators aboard troop transports, as intelligence officers, and as officers on the staff of American Expeditionary Force commanding officer General John "Black Jack" Pershing. [14]

The Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps returned to peacetime scientific pursuits after the war. [14] Its first flag officer was Rear Admiral Raymond S. Patton, who was promoted from captain to rear admiral in 1936.

When the United States entered World War II in December 1941, the Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps again suspended its peacetime activities to support the war effort, often seeing front-line service. Over half of all Coast and Geodetic Survey officers were transferred to the U.S. Army, U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, or United States Army Air Forces, seeing duty in North Africa, Europe, the Pacific, and the defense of North America as artillery surveyors, hydrographers, amphibious engineers, beachmasters (i.e., directors of disembarkation), instructors at service schools, and in a wide variety of technical positions. They also served as reconnaissance surveyors for a worldwide aeronautical charting effort, and a Coast and Geodetic Survey officer was the first commanding officer of the Army Air Forces Aeronautical Chart Plant at St. Louis, Missouri. Three officers who remained in Coast and Geodetic Survey service were killed during the war, as were eleven other Survey personnel. [14]

After the war ended in August 1945, the Coast and Geodetic Survey again returned to peacetime scientific duties, although a significant amount of its work in succeeding years was related to support of military and naval requirements during the Cold War. [14]

ESSA Corps

The seal of the ESSA Corps, a predecessor of the NOAA Corps that existed from 1965 to 1970. ESSA Corps seal.jpg
The seal of the ESSA Corps, a predecessor of the NOAA Corps that existed from 1965 to 1970.
ESSA Corps Basic Officer Training Class 21, 9 September 1966. Environmental Science Services Administration Corps Basic Officer Training Class 21.PNG
ESSA Corps Basic Officer Training Class 21, 9 September 1966.

When the Coast and Geodetic Survey was transferred to the newly established Environmental Science Services Administration on July 13, 1965, [17] control of the corps was transferred from the Coast and Geodetic Survey to ESSA itself, and accordingly, the corps was redesignated the Environmental Science Services Administration Corps, known informally as the ESSA Corps. The ESSA Corps retained the responsibility of providing commissioned officers to operate the Coast and Geodetic Survey's ships and of providing a set of officers with technical skills in surveying for incorporation into the U.S. armed forces during wartime.

Following the establishment of the ESSA, Rear Admiral H. Arnold Karo was promoted to vice admiral in order to help lead the agency. He served as the first Deputy Administrator of ESSA and was the first vice admiral, and at the time the highest-ranking officer, in the combined history of the Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps and ESSA Corps. Rear Admiral James C. Tison, Jr. was the first director of the ESSA Corps.

NOAA Corps

The ESSA was reorganized and expanded to become the new National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration on October 3, 1970. [18] As a result, the ESSA Corps was redesignated the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps, known informally as the NOAA Corps. Rear Admiral Harley D. Nygren was appointed as the first director of the new NOAA Corps.

In 1972, the NOAA Corps became the first uniformed service of the U.S. Government to recruit women on the same basis as men. [19] On June 1, 2012, the NOAA research vessel RV Gloria Michelle, a boat manned by two NOAA Corps personnel, became the first vessel in the history of NOAA (or its ancestor organizations) to have an all-female crew. [20] [21]

On January 2, 2014, Michael S. Devany was promoted to vice admiral upon assuming duties as Deputy Under Secretary for Operations at NOAA, becoming only the second vice admiral in the combined history of the Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps, ESSA Corps, and NOAA Corps, and the first since the promotion of Vice Admiral Karo in 1965.[ citation needed ]

Directors of the Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps, ESSA Corps, and NOAA Corps

ImageRankNameTenureNotes
United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps
Ernest Lester Jones.jpg Ernest Lester Jones 1917–1929Superintendent (title changed to "Director" in 1919) of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey from 1915 until his death in 1929. As such, led the Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps from its creation in 1917 until 1929. [22] Was a colonel and intelligence officer in the U.S. Army during World War I. [23]
Raymond Stanton Patton.jpg Captain/
rear admiral
Raymond Stanton Patton 1929–1937Director, U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, which included leadership of the Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps, from 1929 until his death in 1937. Became first flag officer in Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps history upon promotion to rear admiral in 1936. [22]
Rear Admiral Leo Otis Colbert.jpg Rear admiral Leo Otis Colbert 1938–1950Director, U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, from 1938 to 1950, which included leadership of the Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps. [22]
Robert Francis Anthony Studds.JPG Rear admiral Robert Francis Anthony Studds 1950–1955Director, U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, from 1950 to 1955, which included leadership of the Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps. [22]
Admiral KARO NOAA obit.jpg Rear admiral Henry Arnold Karo 1955–1965Last Director, Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps (1955–1965); simultaneously served as Director of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. At end of tour as Director, simultaneously transferred to new ESSA Corps and received promotion to vice admiral on 13 July 1965 to serve as Deputy Administrator, Environmental Science Services Administration (ESSA), from 1965 to 1967. The first officer in the combined history of the Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps and ESSA Corps officer to achieve the rank of vice admiral. [22]
United States Environmental Science Services Administration Commissioned Officer Corps (ESSA Corps)
Rear Admiral James C. Tison, Jr.jpg Rear admiral James C. Tison, Jr. 1965–1968First Director, ESSA Corps. Served simultaneously as Director, U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (1965–1968). [22]
RADM Don A. Jones.JPG Rear admiral Don A. Jones 1968–1970Last Director, ESSA Corps. Served simultaneously as last Director, U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (1968–1970). Then served in NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps and was Director, National Ocean Survey, from 1970 to 1972. [22]
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps (NOAA Corps)
RADM Harley D. Nygren.JPG Rear admiral Harley D. Nygren 1970–1981First Director, NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps [24]
LCDR Kelly E. Taggart.JPG Rear admiral Kelly E. Taggart 1981–1986 [25]
RADM Francis D. Moran.JPG Rear admiral Francis D. "Bill" Moran 1986–1990 [26]
RADM Sigmund R. Petersen.JPG Rear admiral Sigmund R. Petersen 1990–1995 [27]
RAdm William L. Stubblefield.jpg Rear admiral William L. Stubblefield 1995–1999 [28]
Evefields.jpg Rear admiral Evelyn J. Fields 1999–2003First woman and first African-American in the combined history of the Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps, ESSA Corps, and NOAA Corps to serve as director. [29]
Samuel P. De Bow Jr.jpg Rear admiralSamuel P. De Bow, Jr.2003–2007 [30]
Radmjbailey.jpg Rear admiral Jonathan W. Bailey 2007–2012 [31]
RADM Devany, NOAA.jpg Rear admiral Michael S. Devany 2012–2014Promoted to vice admiral on 2 January 2014, only the second officer to achieve that rank in the combined history of the Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps, ESSA Corps, and NOAA Corps, and the first to do so since Vice Admiral Karo in 1965. After tour as Director, became Deputy Under Secretary for Operations, NOAA. [32] [33]
RADM David Score, NOAA.jpg Rear admiral David A. Score 2014–2017 [34]
Michael J. Silah.JPG Rear admiral Michael J. Silah 2017–present [35]

Commissioned officers

Ranks

The NOAA Corps uses the same naval commissioned officer ranks as the U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard. While the grade of admiral has been established as a rank in the NOAA Corps, [36] the rank has not been authorized for use by the United States Congress. [37] Current NOAA Corps ranks rise from ensign to vice admiral, [38] [37] pay grades O-1 through O-9 respectively, although the rank of vice admiral has been used only rarely in the history of the NOAA Corps and its predecessors. NOAA Corps officers are appointed via direct commission and must complete a 19-week basic officer training class (BOTC), [39] at the United States Coast Guard Officer Candidate School before entering active duty. NOAA Corps officers receive the same pay as other members of the uniformed services. They cannot hold a dual commission with another service, but inter-service transfers are sometimes permitted via 10 U.S.C.   § 716.

Commissioned officer ranks and abbreviations of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps
Ensign Lieutenant
(junior grade)
Lieutenant Lieutenant
Commander
Commander
O-1O-2O-3O-4O-5
US NOAA O1 insignia.svg US NOAA O2 insignia.svg US NOAA O-3 insignia.svg US NOAA O4 insignia.svg US NOAA O5 insignia.svg
ENSLTJGLTLCDRCDR
Captain Rear Admiral
(lower half)
Rear Admiral Vice Admiral
O-6O-7O-8O-9
US NOAA O6 insignia.svg US NOAA O7 insignia.svg US NOAA O8 insignia.svg US NOAA O9 insignia.svg
CAPTRDMLRADMVADM

Militarization

NOAA commissioned officers can be militarized by the President of the United States under the provisions of 33 U.S.C.   § 3061, which states:

The President may, whenever in the judgment of the President a sufficient national emergency exists, transfer to the service and jurisdiction of a military department such vessels, equipment, stations, and officers of the Administration as the President considers to be in the best interest of the country. An officer of the Administration transferred under this section, shall, while under the jurisdiction of a military department, have proper military status and shall be subject to the laws, regulations, and orders for the government of the Army, Navy, or Air Force, as the case may be, insofar as the same may be applicable to persons whose retention permanently in the military service of the United States is not contemplated by law.

Uniforms

For formal service uniforms, the NOAA Corps wears the same Service Dress Blues and Service Dress Whites as the U.S. Navy, but with NOAA Corps insignia in place of U.S. Navy insignia. For daily work uniforms, the NOAA Corps wears the same Operational Dress Uniform (ODU) as the U.S. Coast Guard, but with NOAA Corps insignia in place of U.S. Coast Guard insignia.

See also

Related Research Articles

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration US government scientific agency

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.

The United States has eight federal uniformed services that commission officers as defined by Title 10 and subsequently structured and organized by Title 10, Title 14, Title 32 and Title 42 of the U.S. Code.

U.S. National Geodetic Survey Federal agency responsible for surveying and mapping the United States

The National Geodetic Survey (NGS), formerly the United States Survey of the Coast (1807–1836), United States Coast Survey (1836–1878), and United States Coast and Geodetic Survey (USC&GS) (1878–1970), is a United States federal agency that defines and manages a national coordinate system, providing the foundation for transportation and communication; mapping and charting; and a large number of applications of science and engineering. Since its foundation in its present form in 1970, it has been part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), of the United States Department of Commerce.

NOAA ships and aircraft

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Office of Marine and Aviation Operations (OMAO) operates a wide variety of specialized aircraft and ships to complete NOAA's environmental and scientific missions. OMAO also manages the NOAA Small Boat Program and the NOAA Diving Program, the latter having as part of its mission the job of ensuring a level of diving skill conducive to safe and efficient operations in NOAA-sponsored underwater activities.

NOAAS <i>Rainier</i> Survey ship owned by the U. S. goverment

NOAA Ship Rainier is an American survey vessel in commission with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) since 1970. Prior to her NOAA service, she was in commission in the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey as USC&GS Rainier from 1968 to 1970. She is named for Mount Rainier in the state of Washington and is the sister ship of NOAAS Fairweather and the decommissioned NOAAS Mount Mitchell.

Environmental Science Services Administration

The Environmental Science Services Administration (ESSA) was a United States Federal executive agency created in 1965 as part of a reorganization of the United States Department of Commerce. Its mission was to unify and oversee the meteorological, climatological, hydrographic, and geodetic operations of the United States. It operated until 1970, when it was replaced by the new National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

Rear admiral (United States) Officer rank of the United States Navy and Coast Guard

A rear admiral in the United States' uniformed services is either of two different ranks of commissioned officers — one-star flag officers and two-star flag officers. By contrast, in most nations, the term "rear admiral" refers to an officer of two-star rank.

Lieutenant commander (United States) naval rank of the United States

Lieutenant commander (LCDR) is a mid-ranking officer rank in the United States Navy, the United States Coast Guard, the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps, with the pay grade of O-4 and NATO rank code OF-3. The predecessors of the NOAA Corps, the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps (1917–1965) and the Environmental Science Services Administration Corps (1965–1970), also used the lieutenant commander rank, and the rank is also used in the United States Maritime Service and the United States Naval Sea Cadet Corps. Lieutenant commanders rank above lieutenants and below commanders, and rank is equivalent to a major in the United States Army, United States Air Force, and United States Marine Corps.

Henry Arnold Karo American admiral

Henry Arnold Karo was a vice admiral in the former United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps, which is today known as the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps. Vice Admiral Karo spent most of his working career in the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, which provided coastal maps and charts for the United States. He rose through the organization's bureaucracy to become the director of the Survey.

Navy Mutual Aid Association (NMAA) is a nonprofit, federally tax-exempt, mutual-benefit veteran service organization (VSO) that was established in 1879 by sea service officers for the purpose of providing life insurance and annuities for members of the United States Navy, United States Marine Corps, United States Coast Guard, U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and their families.

Michael S. Devany American admiral

Michael S. Devany is a former vice admiral in the NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps who last served as the Deputy Under Secretary for Operations at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration from January 2, 2014 to April 2016. He previously served as director of the NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps from August 13, 2012 to January 1, 2014, succeeding RADM Jonathan W. Bailey. As Deputy Under Secretary for Operations at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, he was NOAA’s chief operating officer. VADM Devany was responsible for the day-to-day management of NOAA’s national and international operations for oceanic and atmospheric services, research, and coastal and marine stewardship. He is a key advisor to the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere/NOAA Administrator on NOAA program and policy issues. Devany was the first NOAA Corps officer to achieve the rank of vice admiral since VADM Henry A. Karo in 1965, and the second NOAA Corps officer overall. Devany retired from NOAA in April 2016 after over 30 years of combined uniformed service.

Captain (United States O-6) Rank in the United States uniformed services, O-6

In the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard, United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps (USPHS), and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps, captain is the senior-most commissioned officer rank below that of flag officer. The equivalent rank is colonel in the United States Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps.

Leo Otis Colbert

Rear Admiral Leo Otis Colbert was the third Director of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey and a career officer in the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps, predecessor of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps.

James C. Tison Jr.

Rear Admiral James C. Tison Jr. was an officer in the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps and Environmental Science Services Administration Corps, both predecessors of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps. He served simultaneously as the first Director of the ESSA Corps, one of only two people to hold the position, and as the sixth Director of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey.

Don A. Jones

Rear Admiral Don A. Jones was an officer in the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps, its successor, the Environmental Science Services Administration Corps, and the ESSA Corps's successor, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps. He served simultaneously as the second and last Director of the ESSA Corps, one of only two people to hold the position, and as the seventh and last Director of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey.

Harley D. Nygren American military officer

Rear Admiral Harley Dean Nygren was an American military officer who served in the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps, its successor, the Environmental Science Services Administration Corps, and the ESSA Corps's successor, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps. He served as the first Director of the NOAA Corps.

Kelly E. Taggart

Rear Admiral Kelly E. Taggart was a career officer who served in the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps, its successor, the Environmental Science Services Administration Corps, and the ESSA Corps's successor, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps. He served as the second Director of the NOAA Corps.

Francis D. Moran

Rear Admiral Francis D. "Bill" Moran is a retired career officer who served in the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps, its successor, the Environmental Science Services Administration Corps, and the ESSA Corps's successor, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps. He served as the third Director of the NOAA Corps.

Sigmund R. Petersen

Rear Admiral Sigmund R. Petersen is a retired career officer who served in the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps, its successor, the Environmental Science Services Administration Corps, and the ESSA Corps's successor, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps. He served as the fourth Director of the NOAA Corps.

Michael J. Silah rear admiral in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps

Michael J. Silah is a rear admiral in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps who serves as Director, NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps, and Director, NOAA Office of Marine and Aviation Operations.

References

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  8. Note: Also concurrently serves as Director, Office of Marine and Aviation Operations
  9. Note: Also concurrently serves as Deputy Director for Operations, Office of Marine and Aviation Operations
  10. Note: Also concurrently serves as the U.S. National Hydrographer
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  34. "Rear Adm. David A. Score to lead NOAA Corps and Office of Marine and Aviation Operations". US Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
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  36. 10 USC 201. Pay grades: assignment to; general rules
  37. 1 2 S.2388 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps Amendments Act of 2012
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