United States Marine Corps rank insignia

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Various Marine and Navy rank insignia (as well as other devices) left at the summit of Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima. IwoJima Homage Insignia Devices.jpg
Various Marine and Navy rank insignia (as well as other devices) left at the summit of Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima.

Commissioned officers

Commissioned officers are distinguished from other officers by their commission , which is the formal written authority, issued in the name of the President of the United States, that confers the rank and authority of a Marine Officer. Commissioned officers carry the "special trust and confidence" of the President of the United States. [1] Commissioned officer ranks are further subdivided into general officers, field-grade officers, and company-grade officers. The highest billets in the Marine Corps, the Commandant of the Marine Corps and the Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps are, by statute, four-star ranks, as the Marine Corps is a separate naval service under the Department of the Navy. [2]

Contents

US DoD
pay grade
O-1O-2O-3O-4O-5O-6O-7O-8O-9O-10
NATO code OF-1OF-2OF-3OF-4OF-5OF-6OF-7OF-8OF-9
Insignia US-O1 insignia.svg US-O2 insignia.svg US-O3 insignia.svg US-O4 insignia.svg US-O5 insignia.svg US-O6 insignia.svg US-O7 insignia.svg US-O8 insignia.svg US-O9 insignia.svg US-O10 insignia.svg
Service Uniform Insignia US Marine O1 shoulderboard vertical.svg US Marine O2 shoulderboard vertical.svg US Marine O3 shoulderboard vertical.svg US Marine O4 shoulderboard vertical.svg US Marine O5 shoulderboard vertical.svg US Marine O6 shoulderboard vertical.svg US Marine O7 shoulderboard vertical.svg US Marine O8 shoulderboard vertical.svg US Marine O9 shoulderboard vertical.svg US Marine 10 shoulderboard vertical.svg
Title Second lieutenant First lieutenant Captain Major Lieutenant colonel Colonel Brigadier general Major general Lieutenant general General
Abbreviation2ndLt1stLtCaptMajLtColColBGenMajGenLtGenGen

Warrant officers

Warrant Officers provide leadership and training in specialized fields and skills. Unlike other nations' militaries (which rank warrant officers as Staff NCO equivalents), the United States military confers warrants and commissions on its warrant officers and classifies them into a separate category senior to all enlisted grades of rank (including officer candidates), cadets, and midshipmen. As warrant officers are officer-level technical specialists they generally do not exercise command outside of their specialty. Warrant officers come primarily from the staff non-commissioned officer (SNCO) ranks.

A chief warrant officer, CWO2–CWO5, serving in the MOS 0306 "Infantry Weapons Officer" carries a special title, "Marine Gunner," which does not replace his rank. A Marine Gunner replaces the chief warrant officer insignia on the left collar with a bursting bomb insignia. Other warrant officers are sometimes incorrectly referred to as "Gunner".

US DoD pay grade W-1W-2W-3W-4W-5 Marine Gunner
Insignia
NATO code WO-1WO-2WO-3WO-4WO-5
Insignia USMC WO1.svg USMC CWO2.svg USMC CWO3.svg USMC CWO4.svg USMC CWO5.svg USMC CWO Gunner (Dress).png
Title Warrant officer  1 Chief warrant officer  2Chief warrant officer 3Chief warrant officer 4Chief warrant officer 5
AbbreviationWOCWO2CWO3CWO4CWO5


Timeline of warrant officer rank changes

NATO rankWO-5WO-4WO-3WO-2WO-1
Flag of the United States Marine Corps.svg  United States Marine Corps
(-1949)
No equivalent
USMC WW2 CWO Rank Insignia.svg USMC WW2 WO Rank Insignia.svg
Commissioned Warrant Officer Warrant Officer
Flag of the United States Marine Corps.svg  United States Marine Corps
(1949-1954)
No equivalent USMC CWO4.svg USMC CWO3.svg USMC CWO2.svg USMC WO1.svg
Commissioned Warrant Officer 4 Commissioned Warrant Officer 3 Commissioned Warrant Officer 2 Warrant Officer 1
Flag of the United States Marine Corps.svg  United States Marine Corps
(1954-1992)
No equivalent USMC CWO4.svg USMC CWO3.svg USMC CWO2.svg USMC WO1.svg
Chief Warrant Officer 4 Chief Warrant Officer 3 Chief Warrant Officer 2 Warrant Officer 1
Flag of the United States Marine Corps.svg  United States Marine Corps
USMC CWO5.svg USMC CWO4.svg USMC CWO3.svg USMC CWO2.svg USMC WO1.svg
Chief warrant officer 5Chief warrant officer 4Chief warrant officer 3Chief warrant officer 2Warrant Officer 1
NATO rankWO-5WO-4WO-3WO-2WO-1

Enlisted

Enlisted Marines with paygrades of E-4 and E-5 are non-commissioned officers (NCOs) while those at E-6 and higher are Staff Noncommissioned Officers (SNCOs). [3] The E-8 and E-9 levels each have two ranks per pay grade, each with different responsibilities. Gunnery Sergeants (E-7) indicate on their annual evaluations (called "fitness reports") their preferred promotional track: Master Sergeant or First Sergeant. The First Sergeant and Sergeant Major ranks are command-oriented Senior Enlisted Advisors, with Marines of these ranks serving as the senior enlisted Marines in a unit, charged to assist the commanding officer in matters of discipline, administration, and the morale and welfare of the unit. Master Sergeants and Master Gunnery Sergeants provide technical leadership as occupational specialists in their specific MOS. First Sergeants typically serve as the senior enlisted Marine in a company, battery, or other unit at similar echelon, while Sergeants Major serve the same role in battalions, squadrons, or larger units. [4]

The Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps is a billet and with it carries a special rank insignia, conferred on the senior enlisted Marine of the entire Marine Corps, personally selected by the Commandant of the Marine Corps. [5] It and the Marine Gunner are the only billets which rate modified rank insignia in place of the traditional rank insignia.[ citation needed ]

US DoD
pay grade
E-1E-2E-3E-4E-5E-6E-7E-8E-9
NATO code OR-1OR-2OR-3OR-4OR-5OR-6OR-7OR-8OR-9
Dress uniform insignia

No insignia


USMC-E2.svg
USMC-E3.svg
USMC-E4.svg
USMC-E5.svg
USMC-E6.svg
USMC-E7.svg
USMC-E8-MSG.svg
USMC-E8-1SG.svg
USMC-E9-MGyS.svg
USMC-E9-SGM.svg
USMC-E9-SGMMC.svg
USMC-E9-SEAC.svg
Service uniform insignia USMC-E2 (Service).svg USMC-E3 (Service).svg USMC-E4 (Service).svg USMC-E5 (Service).svg USMC-E6 (Service).svg USMC-E7 (Service).svg USMC-E8-MSG (Service).svg USMC-E8-1SG (Service).svg USMC-E9-MGyS (Service).svg USMC-E9-SGM (Service).svg USMC-E9-SGMMC (Service).svg
Title Private Private First Class Lance Corporal Corporal Sergeant Staff Sergeant Gunnery Sergeant Master Sergeant First Sergeant Master Gunnery Sergeant Sergeant Major Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman
AbbreviationPvtPFCLCplCplSgtSSgtGySgtMSgt1stSgtMGySgtSgtMajSMMCSEAC

Different styles of rank insignia are worn on different Marine uniforms:

L to R: Evening Dress coat, Dress Blue coat, Service Dress coat, Service Dress "B" and "C" shirt, and combat utility pin-on insignia for a Staff Sergeant USMC chevrons.png
L to R: Evening Dress coat, Dress Blue coat, Service Dress coat, Service Dress "B" and "C" shirt, and combat utility pin-on insignia for a Staff Sergeant

Gold stripes on a red flash are worn on the Dress Blue uniform coat. Green stripes on a red flash are worn on the Service uniform coat. Rank insignia are worn on the upper sleeve of both coats. Khaki uniform shirts use green stripes on a khaki flash, and are worn on the upper sleeves of both long and short-sleeved shirts. Utility uniform rank insignia are black metal pins and are worn on the collars, or black embroidered insignia sewn into patches of material when wearing armor. Musicians in the United States Marine Band wear insignia with lyre in the center as opposed to the crossed rifles, to denote their lack of a combat mission; full-service Marines who are attached to the 10 field bands of the Operating Forces and Supporting Establishment continue to wear their normal rank insignia. [6] The crossed M1 rifles insignia were added to E-3 through E-8 chevrons in 1959.

Timeline of enlisted rank changes

Uniformed services pay grade E-9E-8E-7E-6E-5E-4E-3E-2E-1
Pre-1918 USMC-MSG 1954.svg USMC-TSG 1954.svg USMC-SSG 1954.svg USMC-SGT 1918.svg USMC-CPL 1918.svg USMC-E2.svg No insignia
Sergeant major Technical sergeant Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal Private
1920s-1930s USMC-MSG 1954.svg USMC-TSG 1954.svg USMC-SSG 1954.svg USMC-SGT 1918.svg USMC-CPL 1918.svg Right-sleeve only
USMC-CPL 1918.svg
USMC-E2.svg No insignia
Sergeant major Technical sergeant Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal Private first class Private
1941-1943 USMC-MSG 1954.svg USMC-MTS 1941.svg USMC-TSG 1954.svg USMC-TSG 1941.svg USMC-SSG 1954.svg USMC-SSG 1941.svg USMC-SGT 1918.svg USMC-CPL 1918.svg USMC-E2.svg No insignia
Sergeant major/
Master gunnery sergeant
Master technical sergeant First sergeant/
Gunnery sergeant
Technical sergeant Platoon sergeant Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Private first class Private
1943-1944 USMC-MSG 1954.svg USMC-MTS 1941.svg USMC-TSG 1954.svg USMC-TSG 1941.svg USMC-SSG 1954.svg USMC-SSG 1941.svg USMC-SGT 1918.svg USMC-CPL 1918.svg USMC-E2.svg No insignia
Sergeant major/
Master gunnery sergeant/
First sergeant
Master technical sergeant Gunnery sergeant Technical sergeant Platoon sergeant Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Private first class Private
1944-1945
USMC-MSG 1954.svg USMC-E8-1SG.svg USMC-MTS 1941.svg
Sergeant major/
Master gunnery sergeant
First sergeant Master technical sergeant
USMC-TSG 1954.svg USMC-TSG 1941.svg USMC-SSG 1954.svg USMC-SSG 1941.svg USMC-SGT 1918.svg USMC-CPL 1918.svg USMC-E2.svg No insignia
Gunnery sergeant Technical sergeant Platoon sergeant Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Private first class Private
1946-1959
USMC-SGM 1954.svg USMC-E8-1SG.svg USMC-MSG 1954.svg
Sergeant major First sergeant Master sergeant
USMC-TSG 1954.svg USMC-SSG 1954.svg USMC-SGT 1918.svg USMC-CPL 1918.svg USMC-E2.svg No insignia
Technical sergeant Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Private first class Private
1959-2020 USMC-E9-SGMMC.svg USMC-E9-SGM.svg USMC-E9-MGyS.svg USMC-E8-1SG.svg USMC-E8-MSG.svg USMC-E7.svg USMC-E6.svg USMC-E5.svg USMC-E4.svg USMC-E3.svg USMC-E2.svg No insignia
Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps Sergeant major Master gunnery sergeant First sergeant Master sergeant Gunnery sergeant Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal Private first class Private
2020-Present USMC-E9-SEAC.svg USMC-E9-SGMMC.svg USMC-E9-SGM.svg USMC-E9-MGyS.svg USMC-E8-1SG.svg USMC-E8-MSG.svg USMC-E7.svg USMC-E6.svg USMC-E5.svg USMC-E4.svg USMC-E3.svg USMC-E2.svg No insignia
Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps Sergeant major Master gunnery sergeant First sergeant Master sergeant Gunnery sergeant Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal Private first class Private
NATO CodeOR-9OR-8OR-7OR-6OR-5OR-4OR-3OR-2OR-1

See also

Citations

  1. Estes, Kenneth W. (2000). The Marine Officer's Guide, 6th Edition. Naval Institute Press. ISBN   1-55750-567-5.
  2. 10 U.S.C.   § 5043 & 10 U.S.C.   § 5044: Commandant of the Marine Corps & Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps.
  3. "Marine Corps Ranks". United States Marine Corps website. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  4. http://work.chron.com/sergeant-major-jobs-descriptions-21426.html. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  5. "Sergeants Major of the Marine Corps". Marine Corps Legacy Museum. Archived from the original on 2003-04-22. Retrieved 2006-10-04.
  6. "Chapter 6: Musical Units". Marine Corps Uniform Regulations. Marine Corps Systems Command. Retrieved 31 December 2011.

General sources

Related Research Articles

Non-commissioned officer Military member that is in a position of leadership but not a commissioned officer

A non-commissioned officer (NCO) is a military officer who has not earned a commission. Non-commissioned officers usually obtain their position of authority by promotion through the enlisted ranks In contrast, commissioned officers usually enter directly from a military academy, Officer Candidate School (OCS), or Officer Training School (OTS) after receiving a post-secondary degree.

Sergeant Military rank

Sergeant is a rank in many uniformed organizations, principally military and policing forces. The alternative spelling, serjeant, is used in The Rifles and other units that draw their heritage from the British light infantry. Its origin is the Latin serviens, 'one who serves', through the French term sergeant.

Corporal is a military rank in use in some form by many militaries and by some police forces or other uniformed organizations. Within NATO, each member nation's corresponding military rank of corporal is combined under the NATO-standard rank scale code OR-3 or OR-4. However, there are often differences in how each nation employs corporals. Some militaries do not have corporals, but may instead have a junior sergeant.

Staff sergeant is a rank of non-commissioned officer used in the armed forces of many countries. It is also a police rank in some police services.

A master sergeant is the military rank for a senior non-commissioned officer in the armed forces of some countries. This is a NATO ranking.

Sergeant major is a senior non-commissioned rank or appointment in many militaries around the world. In Commonwealth countries, the various degrees of sergeant major are appointments held by warrant officers. In the United States, there are also various grades of sergeant major, all of the same pay grade of E-9; however, the Sergeant Major of the Army and the Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps, as their respective service's Senior Enlisted Advisor, receive a special rate of basic pay that is higher than all other sergeants major.

In the United States Navy, officers have various ranks. Equivalency between services is by pay grade. United States Navy commissioned officer ranks have two distinct sets of rank insignia: On dress uniform a series of stripes similar to Commonwealth naval ranks are worn; on service khaki, working uniforms, and special uniform situations, the rank insignia are identical to the equivalent rank in the US Marine Corps.

The chart below shows the current enlisted rank insignia of the United States Army, with seniority, and pay grade, increasing from right to left. The enlisted ranks of corporal (E-4) and higher are considered non-commissioned officers (NCOs). The rank of specialist is also in pay grade E-4, but does not hold non-commissioned officer status; it is common that a soldier may never hold the rank of corporal, and instead be promoted from specialist to sergeant, attaining NCO status at that time.

Chief warrant officer is a military rank used by the United States Armed Forces, the Canadian Armed Forces, the Pakistan Air Force, the Israel Defense Forces, the South African National Defence Force, the Lebanese Armed Forces and, since 2012, the Singapore Armed Forces. In the United States Armed Forces, chief warrant officers are commissioned officers, not non-commissioned officers (NCOs) like in other NATO forces.

Officer cadet is a rank held by military cadets during their training to become commissioned officers. In the United Kingdom, the rank is also used by members of University Royal Naval Units, University Officer Training Corps and University Air Squadron; however, these are not trainee officers with many not choosing a career in the armed forces.

British Army other ranks rank insignia

The British Army other ranks, is the term used to refer to all ranks below officers in the British Army and the Royal Marines is "other ranks". It includes warrant officers, non-commissioned officers ("NCOs") and ordinary soldiers with the rank of private or regimental equivalent. Officers may, in speaking, distinguish themselves from those "in the ranks".

The comparative military ranks of Korea are the military insignia used by the two nations on the Korean Peninsula, those being the Republic of Korea Armed Forces and the Korean People's Army of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. The United States Forces Korea personnel wear the ranks and insignia used by other service personnel of the United States Armed Forces in the territories of the United States.

Royal Navy officer rank insignia

These are the official Royal Navy Officer ranks ordered by rank. These ranks are part of the NATO/United Kingdom ranks, including modern and past. Past insignia is in italic.

Warrant officer (United States)

In the United States Armed Forces, the ranks of warrant officer are rated as officers above all non-commissioned officers, candidates, cadets, and midshipmen, but subordinate to the lowest officer grade of O‑1. This application differs from the Commonwealth of Nations and other militaries, where warrant officers are the most senior of the other ranks, equivalent to the U.S. Armed Forces grades of E‑8 and E‑9.

Uniforms of the United States Marine Corps

The United States Marine Corps (USMC) prescribes several types of military uniform to distinguish its service members from other armed services, depending on the situation.

Infantry weapons officer

The United States Marine Corps MOS 0306, Infantry Weapons Officers, commonly referred to as "The Gunner" or "Marine Gunner" are non-technical Chief Warrant Officers that are weapons specialists and are knowledgeable in the tactical employment of all the infantry weapons in the Marine Corps arsenal—all weapons organic to Marine infantry units.

First sergeant is typically a senior non-commissioned officer rank, used in many countries. In NATO armed forces the rank is on OR8 level.

Warrant officer (United Kingdom)

A warrant officer (WO) in the British Armed Forces is a member of the highest group of non-commissioned ranks, holding the Queen's warrant, which is signed by the Secretary of State for Defence. Warrant officers are not saluted, because they do not hold the Queen's Commission, but they are addressed as "Sir" or "Ma'am" by subordinates. Commissioned officers may address warrant officers either by their appointment or as "Mister", "Mrs" or "Ms", and then their last name, e.g. "Mr Smith". Although often referred to along with non-commissioned officers (NCOs), they are not NCOs, but members of a separate group, although all have been promoted from NCO rank.

The rank insignia of the federal armed forces of the Federal Republic of Germany indicate rank and branch of service in the German Army (Heer), German Air Force (Luftwaffe), or the German Navy (Marine).