United States Army enlisted rank insignia of World War I

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The United States Army 's enlisted rank insignia that was used during World War I differs from the current system. The color scheme used for the insignia's chevron was olive drab for field use uniforms or one of several colors (depending on the corps) on dress uniforms. The chevron system used by enlisted men during World War I came into being in 1895, and was changed to a different system in 1919. Specification 760, which was dated May 31, 1905 contained 45 different enlisted insignia that varied designs and titles by different corps of the army. General Order Number 169, which was enacted on August 14, 1907, created an even larger variety of enlisted rank insignia. Pay grades were not yet in use by the U.S. Army. The pay system identified the job assignment of the soldier. By the end of World War I, the system contained 128 different insignia designs. [1]

Contents

Field service rank insignia

1st grade2nd grade3rd grade4th grade5th grade6th grade7th grade8th grade9th grade10th grade11th grade12th grade
WW1-RegSgtMajor.svg WW1-RegSupplSgt.svg WW1-BattSgtMaj.svg WW1-ColorSgt.svg WW1-1sgt.svg WW1-MessSgt.svg WW1-StableSgt.svg WW1-CompanySupplySgt.svg WW1-Sergeant.svg WW1-Corporal.svg WW1-Private.svg No insignia
Regimental sergeant major Regimental supply sergeantBattalion sergeant major Color sergeant First sergeant Mess sergeantStable sergeantCompany supply sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal/Private first class (from 1920) Private

Other rank insignia

Other ranks and pay grades that held distinctive insignia not shown here included:

Cavalry

Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Regimental sergeant major Chief musician Chief trumpeter Drum major Corporal Farrier/blacksmith
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Regimental quartermaster sergeant Squadron sergeant major Principal musicianSergeant Lance corporal Saddler
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Regimental commissary sergeantColor sergeantFirst sergeantTroop quartermaster sergeant Cook Trumpeter

Infantry

  • Chief musician
  • Battalion sergeant major
  • Color sergeant
  • Principal musician
  • First sergeant
  • Drum major

Coast artillery corps

[2]

  • Chief trumpeter
  • Principal musician
  • First sergeant
  • Drum major
  • Sergeant
  • Company quartermaster sergeant
  • Corporal
  • Lance corporal
  • Fireman
  • Cook
  • Casemate electrician
  • Observer first class
  • Observer second class
  • Plotter
  • Chief planter - mine company
  • Chief loader - gun or mortar company
  • Gun commander
  • Gun pointer
  • First class gunner - gun or mortar company
  • Second class gunner - gun or mortar company
  • First class gunner - mine company
  • Second class gunner - mine company
  • Mechanic

Field artillery

  • Regimental sergeant major
  • Regimental quartermaster sergeant
  • Regimental commissary sergeant
  • Chief musician
  • Battalion sergeant major
  • Color sergeant
  • Chief trumpeter
  • Principal musician
  • Company quartermaster sergeant
  • Stable sergeant
  • Corporal
  • Lance corporal
  • Cook
  • Chief mechanic
  • Mechanic
  • First class gunner
  • Second class gunner
  • Farrier
  • Saddler

Signal corps

Engineer corps

Medical department

Ordnance department

Post non-commission staff

  • Bandleader
  • Assistant bandleader
  • Sergeant drum major
  • Sergeant bugler
  • Bugler corporal
  • Bugler
  • Master hospital sergeant - medical dept.
  • Hospital sergeant - medical dept.
  • Farrier - medical dept.
  • Master engineer senior grade - engineer corps
  • Master engineer junior grade - engineer corps
  • Sergeant 1st class - engineer corps
  • Battalion supply sergeant - engineer corps
  • Master signal electrician
  • Sergeant 1st class - signal corps
  • Sergeant - signal corps
  • Corporal - signal corps
  • Ordnance sergeant
  • Sergeant 1st class - ordnance dept.
  • Quartermaster sergeant senior grade
  • Quartermaster sergeant - quartermaster corps
  • Sergeant 1st class - quartermaster corps
  • Sergeant - quartermaster corps
  • Corporal - quartermaster corps
  • Assistant engineer - coastal artillery corps

See also

Related Research Articles

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A chevron is a V-shaped mark, often inverted. The word is usually used in reference to a kind of fret in architecture, or to a badge or insignia used in military or police uniforms to indicate rank or length of service, or in heraldry and the designs of flags.

Non-commissioned officer Military member that is in a position of leadership but not a commissioned officer

A non-commissioned officer (NCO) is a military officer who has not earned a commission. Non-commissioned officers usually obtain their position of authority by promotion through the enlisted ranks. In contrast, commissioned officers usually enter directly from a military academy, Officer Candidate School (OCS), or Officer Training School (OTS) after receiving a post-secondary degree.

Sergeant Military rank

Sergeant is a rank in many uniformed organizations, principally military and policing forces. The alternative spelling, serjeant, is used in The Rifles and other units that draw their heritage from the British light infantry. Its origin is the Latin serviens, 'one who serves', through the French term sergeant.

Corporal is a military rank in use in some form by many militaries and by some police forces or other uniformed organizations. Within NATO, each member nation's corresponding military rank of corporal is combined under the NATO-standard rank scale code OR-3 or OR-4. However, there are often differences in how each nation employs corporals. Some militaries do not have corporals, but may instead have a junior sergeant.

Private first class (PFC) is a military rank held by junior enlisted personnel in some countries' armed forces.

Staff sergeant is a rank of non-commissioned officer used in the armed forces of many countries. It is also a police rank in some police services.

A master sergeant is the military rank for a senior non-commissioned officer in the armed forces of some countries. This is a NATO ranking.

Sergeant major is a senior non-commissioned rank or appointment in many militaries around the world. In Commonwealth countries, the various degrees of sergeant major are appointments held by warrant officers. In the United States, there are also various grades of sergeant major, all of the same pay grade of E-9; however, the Sergeant Major of the Army and the Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps, as their respective service's Senior Enlisted Advisor, receive a special rate of basic pay that is higher than all other sergeants major.

Lance corporal is a military rank, used by many armed forces worldwide, and also by some police forces and other uniformed organisations. It is below the rank of corporal, and is typically the lowest non-commissioned officer, usually equivalent to the NATO Rank Grade OR3.

The chart below represents the current enlisted rank insignia of the United States Air Force.

The chart below shows the current enlisted rank insignia of the United States Army, with seniority, and pay grade, increasing from right to left. The enlisted ranks of corporal (E-4) and higher are considered non-commissioned officers (NCOs). The rank of specialist is also in pay grade E-4, but does not hold non-commissioned officer status; it is common that a soldier may never hold the rank of corporal, and instead be promoted from specialist to sergeant, attaining NCO status at that time.

British Army other ranks rank insignia

The British Army other ranks, is the term used to refer to all ranks below officers in the British Army and the Royal Marines is "other ranks". It includes warrant officers, non-commissioned officers ("NCOs") and ordinary soldiers with the rank of private or regimental equivalent. Officers may, in speaking, distinguish themselves from those "in the ranks".

RAF other ranks

The term used in the Royal Air Force (RAF) to refer to all ranks below commissioned officer level is other ranks (ORs). It includes warrant officers (WOs), non-commissioned officers (NCOs) and airmen.

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Specialist is a military rank in some countries’ armed forces. In the United States Armed Forces, it is one of the four junior enlisted ranks in the U.S. Army, above private (PVT), private (PV2) and private first class and is equivalent in pay grade to corporal, in the U.S. Space Force it consists of the four junior enlisted ranks, prior to the rank of sergeant.

United States Army enlisted rank insignia of World War II The Ranks Of the United States Army during the second World War

The U.S. Army enlisted rank insignia that was used during World War II differs from the current system. The color scheme used for the insignia's chevron design was defined as olive drab chevrons on a dark blue-black wool background for wear on "winter" uniform dress coats and dress shirts or khaki chevrons on a dark blue-black cotton background for wear on the various types of field jackets and "winter" uniform fatigue shirts. An unauthorized variant that nevertheless saw wide use was olive drab chevrons on a khaki cotton background for wear on the "summer" uniform dress coats and dress shirts. This scheme of rank insignia was established by War Department Circular No. 303 on 5 August 1920 and would see two significant changes in 1942. The usage of this style of insignia was ended by Department of the Army Circular No. 202, dated 7 July 1948, which provided for significant changes in both rank and insignia design.

Quartermaster sergeant (QMS) is a class of rank or appointment in some armed forces, especially those of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth, and formerly also in the United States.

First sergeant is typically a senior non-commissioned officer rank, used in many countries. In NATO armed forces the rank is on OR8 level.

References

  1. "U.S. Army Institute of Heraldry-History of Enlisted Ranks". Archived from the original on 2010-06-29. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  2. Berhow, Mark. Insignia of the Coast Artillery Corps (PDF). Coast Defense Study Group Reprint. pp. 11–12. Retrieved 2 June 2021.