United States Army Intelligence and Security Command

Last updated

U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command
INSCOM.svg
Active1977–present
CountryFlag of the United States.svg  United States
BranchFlag of the United States Army.svg  United States Army
TypeDirect Reporting Unit
Size10,000+ [1]
Garrison/HQ Fort Belvoir, Virginia
Website Official website
Commanders
Current
commander
MG Gary W. Johnston [2]
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia
US Army INSCOM DUI.png

The United States Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) is a direct reporting unit that conducts intelligence, security, and information operations for U.S. Army commanders and national decision-makers. INSCOM is headquartered at Fort Belvoir, Virginia.

Contents

INSCOM is an organization within both the United States Army and the National Security Agency, the United States's unified signals intelligence organization. Within the NSA, INSCOM and its counterparts in the U.S. Navy, U.S. Air Force, and Marine Corps Intelligence are known as the Central Security Service. INSCOM's budget has been estimated to be approximately $6 billion. [3]

Mission

INSCOM collects intelligence information in all intelligence disciplines to provide unit commanders with intelligence for the battlefield and the focus of combat power. The organization also conducts intelligence production activities, ranging from intelligence preparation of the battlefield to situation development, SIGINT analysis, imagery exploitation, and science and technology intelligence production. INSCOM also has significant responsibilities in counterintelligence, force protection, electronic warfare, and information warfare. Additionally, INSCOM supports force modernization and training.

INSCOM's stated vision for operations includes: (1) conducting and supporting relevant intelligence, security and information operations for U.S. Army, joint and combined forces; (2) optimizing national/theater/tactical partnerships; (3) exploiting leading edge technology; and (4) meeting the challenge of today, tomorrow and the 21st Century.

Structure

Located at Fort Belvoir, 1st IO CMD provides multi-disciplinary Information Operations (IO) support to the component and major commands of the United States Army.
Located in Wiesbaden, Germany, the 66th conducts theater level multi-discipline intelligence and security operations and, when directed, deploys prepared forces to conduct joint/combined expeditionary and contingency operations in support of United States Army Europe and U.S. European Command.
Located at Fort Gordon, Georgia, the 116th conducts 24/7 tasking, collection, processing, exploitation, dissemination and feedback operations for multiple aerial-ISR systems utilizing the Distributed Common Ground System-Army (DCGS-A). [4]
Located at Caserma Ederle and Caserma Longare, Vicenza, Italy. It conducts full-spectrum intelligence in support of U.S. Army Africa and United States Africa Command (USAFRICOM or AFRICOM) in order to set the intelligence architecture for the theater, disrupt transnational and trans-regional threats, and promote regional stability in Africa while building and maintaining intelligence readiness. [5]
Provides trained and ready linguist and military intelligence soldiers to commanders from brigade through Army level. Located in Draper, Utah.
Located at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, the 470th provides timely and fused multi-discipline intelligence in support of United States Army South, U.S. Southern Command, and other national intelligence agencies.
The 500th Military Intelligence Brigade located at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, provides multi-disciplined intelligence support for joint and coalition war fighters within United States Army Pacific and the U.S. Pacific Command area of responsibility.
The 501st Military Intelligence Brigade supports combined forces operations in Korea. [6]
Located at Fort Gordon, Georgia, the 513th deploys in strength or in tailored elements to conduct multi-disciplined intelligence and security operations in support of United States Army Central, U.S. Central Command, U.S. Southern Command, and other theater Army commands.
Conducts synchronized full-spectrum signals intelligence, computer network and information assurance operations directly and through the National Security Agency to satisfy national, joint, combined and Army information superiority requirements.
Formerly the 116th Military Intelligence Group, it is located at Fort Gordon, Georgia. It provides personnel, intelligence assets and technical support to conduct signals intelligence operations within the National Security Agency/Central Security Service Georgia (NSA/CSS Georgia) and worldwide. [7]
Located at Fort Meade, the 780th conducts expeditionary and remote cyber attack, cyber exploitation, and cyber defense operations of Army and Defense information networks.
Provides direct and general counterintelligence support to Army activities and major commands.
Located at Fort Meade, ACO serves as the Army G2 and Service Cryptologic Component (SCC) representative to provide expert cryptologic leadership, support, guidance and advice to U.S. Army Warfighters and Intelligence leaders. Lead the Army’s Cryptologic effort to satisfy Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) requirements by leveraging NSA Extended Enterprise, Intelligence Community, Sister Services and Service Laboratories. Ensure timely and effective support to operations by providing optimized capabilities, training and resources.
Located at Fort Meade, AFSC provides specialized operational, administrative and personnel management support to Department of the Army and other Department of Defense Services and Agencies as directed.
Located at Fort Meade, AOG conducts Human Intelligence (HUMINT) operations and provide expertise in support of ground component priority intelligence requirements using a full spectrum of human intelligence collection methods.
Located at Fort Meade, the CCF serves as the U.S. Army’s executive agency for personnel security determinations in support of Army world-wide missions.
Located in Charlottesville, Virginia, NGIC is the Defense Department's primary producer of ground forces technical intelligence and is the Army's premier provider of intelligence products.

History

Merger and creation of INSCOM

On 1 January 1977, the United States Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) was organized at Arlington Hall Station, Virginia, to provide the U.S. Army with a single organization for conducting multi-discipline intelligence, security operations, and electronic warfare at the level above corps. The new organization merged the former U.S. Army Security Agency, the signal intelligence and signal security organizations previously located at Arlington Hall, Virginia, the U.S. Army Intelligence Agency, a counterintelligence and human intelligence agency based at Fort Meade, Maryland, and several intelligence production units formerly controlled by the Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence and U.S. Army Forces Command. Brigadier General (later Major General) William I. Rolya, former commanding general of the Army Security Agency, became INSCOM's first commanding general.

On 1 October 1977, the former U.S. Army Intelligence Agency headquarters was integrated into INSCOM. The command established a unified intelligence production element, the Intelligence and Threat Analysis Center, on 1 January 1978. Additionally, INSCOM assumed command of three military intelligence groups located overseas: the 66th Military Intelligence Group in Germany, the 470th Military Intelligence Group in Panama, and the 500th Military Intelligence Group in Japan. These groups were transformed into multidisciplinary units by incorporating former Army Security Agency assets into the previously existing elements. A fourth such group, the 501st Military Intelligence Brigade, [6] was soon organized in South Korea. All of these groups were eventually reorganized and re-designated as brigades.

Parapsychologic research

In association with the Defense Intelligence Agency, and under the leadership of commanding general Albert Stubblebine, INSCOM attempted to use parapsychologic methods such as remote viewing in operation Center Lane . This was done as late as 1981. Other U.S. intelligence services attempted similar projects during the same period, most notably the Stargate Project by the Central Intelligence Agency.

Related Research Articles

Fort George G. Meade United States Army installation

Fort George G. Meade is a United States Army installation located in Maryland, that includes the Defense Information School, the Defense Media Activity, the United States Army Field Band, and the headquarters of United States Cyber Command, the National Security Agency, the Defense Courier Service, Defense Information Systems Agency headquarters, and the U.S. Navy's Cryptologic Warfare Group Six. It is named for George G. Meade, a Union General from the U.S. Civil War, who served as commander of the Army of the Potomac. The fort's smaller census-designated place includes support facilities such as schools, housing, and the offices of the Military Intelligence Civilian Excepted Career Program (MICECP).

RAF Menwith Hill Royal Air Force base in Yorkshire, England

Royal Air Force Menwith Hill is a Royal Air Force station near Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England, which provides communications and intelligence support services to the United Kingdom and the United States. The site contains an extensive satellite ground station and is a communications intercept and missile warning site. It has been described as the largest electronic monitoring station in the world.

Central Security Service United States Department of Defense government agency

The Central Security Service (CSS) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense, which was established in 1972 to integrate the National Security Agency (NSA) and the Service Cryptologic Components (SCC) of the United States Armed Forces in the field of signals intelligence, cryptology, and information assurance at the tactical level. In 2002, the CSS had approximately 25,000 uniformed members.

Fort Gordon US Army post near Grovetown, GA, USA

Fort Gordon, formerly known as Camp Gordon, is a United States Army installation established in October 1941. It is the current home of the United States Army Signal Corps, United States Army Cyber Corps, and Cyber Center of Excellence. It was once the home of The Provost Marshal General School and Civil Affairs School. The fort is located southwest of Augusta, Georgia. One of the major components of the installation is Advanced Individual Training for Signal Corps military occupational specialties. Signals Intelligence has become more visible and comprises more and more of the fort's duties.

The United States Army Security Agency (ASA) was the United States Army's signals intelligence branch from 1945 to 1984. The Latin motto of the Army Security Agency was Semper Vigiles, which echoes the declaration, often mistakenly attributed to Thomas Jefferson, that "The price of freedom is eternal vigilance."

297th Military Intelligence Battalion (United States)

Known as "INSCOM's Contingency Force", the 297th Military Intelligence Battalion is a battalion subordinate to the 513th Military Intelligence Brigade, located at Fort Gordon, Georgia. Its mission is to provide operational, all source intelligence to the Commander, U.S. Army Central Command (CENTCOM). Battalion intelligence operations include all source analysis, collection management, battlefield damage assessment, imagery exploitation and dissemination. The battalion sustains itself and the Brigade Headquarters by providing food service, maintenance, military police and communications support.

501st Military Intelligence Brigade (United States)

The 501st Military Intelligence Brigade is a United States Army unit, assigned to the United States Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) under the operational control of United States Forces Korea (USFK) located in South Korea. The 501st MI Brigade conducts theater level multi-discipline intelligence collection and analysis, aerial Intelligence Surveillance & Reconnaissance (ISR), and security operations in support of Eighth United States Army, U.S. Army Pacific, U.S. Pacific Command, U.S. Forces Korea, and other national level agencies.

Bad Aibling Station

The former Bad Aibling Station (BAS) has officially been designated as 18th United States Army Security Agency Field Station and a.k.a. Field station 81, or Hortensie III. Currently it is a satellite tracking station operated by the German SIGINT agency Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND) from nearby Mangfall Barracks in Bad Aibling, Bavaria.

704th Military Intelligence Brigade

The 704th Military Intelligence Brigade, a subordinate unit of the U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command, conducts synchronized full-spectrum signals intelligence, computer network and information assurance operations directly and through the National Security Agency to satisfy national, joint, combined and Army information superiority requirements.

United States Cyber Command Unified combatant command of the United States Armed Forces responsible for cyber operations

United States Cyber Command (USCYBERCOM) is one of the eleven unified combatant commands of the United States' Department of Defense. It unifies the direction of cyberspace operations, strengthens DoD cyberspace capabilities, and integrates and bolsters DoD's cyber expertise.

500th Military Intelligence Brigade (United States)

The 500th Military Intelligence Brigade is a unit of the United States Army and subordinate to the U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command. Its mission is to provide tailored, multi-disciplined intelligence and intelligence capabilities in support of USARPAC and other Commands, to defeat adversaries, promote regional stability, support partners and allies, and protect US interests. The 500th is headquartered at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii.

66th Military Intelligence Brigade

The 66th Military Intelligence Brigade is a United States Army brigade, subordinate to United States Army Intelligence and Security Command and based at Wiesbaden Army Airfield, Wiesbaden, Germany. After years of history as a counter intelligence/intelligence group with headquarters in Munich and geographically dispersed detachments, it became a brigade on 16 October 1986, but was inactivated in July 1995. Reformed again as an intelligence group in 2002, it became a brigade again in 2008.

Vint Hill Farms Station

Vint Hill Farms Station (VHFS) was a United States Army and National Security Agency (NSA) signals intelligence and electronic warfare facility located in Fauquier County, Virginia, near Warrenton. VHFS was closed in 1997 and the land was sold off in 1999. Today the site hosts various engineering and technology companies, as well as two Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) air traffic control facilities.

902nd Military Intelligence Group (United States)

The 902nd Military Intelligence Group is a brigade-sized unit of the United States Army, under the command of the United States Army Intelligence and Security Command, and with an operational focus on counterintelligence. The unit is headquartered at Fort Meade, Maryland.

780th Military Intelligence Brigade (United States)

The 780th Military Intelligence Brigade conducts cyberspace operations to deliver effects in support of Army and Joint requirements. The 780th MI BDE is the only offensive cyberspace operations brigade in the U.S. Army. The organization actively fights alongside its partners to achieve U.S. supremacy in cyberspace and in the electromagnetic spectrum.

513th Military Intelligence Brigade

The 513th Military Intelligence Brigade is a unit of the United States Army and subordinate to the U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command. Its mission is to provide "tailored, multi-disciplined intelligence and intelligence capabilities in support of ARCENT and other Commands, to defeat adversaries, promote regional stability, support partners and allies, and protect US interests." The 513th is headquartered at Fort Gordon, Georgia.

470th Military Intelligence Brigade (United States)

The 470th Military Intelligence Brigade is a unit of the United States Army and subordinate to the U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command. Its mission is to provide tailored, multi-disciplined intelligence and counter-intelligence in support of United States Army South (ARSOUTH) and United States Southern Command (USSOUTHCOM). The 470th is headquartered at Fort Sam Houston, Texas with subordinate battalions located in Texas and Florida. Elements of the 470th have participated in Operation Just Cause and have deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom.

Marine Cryptologic Support Battalion

The Marine Cryptologic Support Battalion is a Marine Corps Intelligence battalion of the United States Marine Corps. The battalion headquarters are located in Fort George G. Meade, Maryland.

Dagger Complex

The Dagger Complex is a US military base in Darmstadt (Germany), close to Griesheim and located at the Eberstädter Weg, south of the August-Euler-Airfield.

525th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade

The 525th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade (Expeditionary) is a unit of the United States Army specializing in the acquisition and analysis of information with potential military value. On 28 October 2014, the unit was reflagged from the "525th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade" to an expeditionary military intelligence brigade, the first of its kind.

References

  1. Bamford, James (12 June 2013). "NSA Snooping Was Only the Beginning. Meet the Spy Chief Leading Us into Cyberwar". Wired . Archived from the original on 14 June 2019. Retrieved 12 July 2019. Originally titled "The Secret War".
  2. Commanding General
  3. Shorrock, Tim (2008). Spies for Hire: The Secret World of Intelligence Outsourcing . New York: Simon & Schuster. p.  20. ISBN   9780743282246.
  4. DCGS-A provides foundation for aerial intelligence, WWW.ARMY.MIL, By Capt. Michael Pederson (116th MIB), Dated 3 December 2014, last accessed 13 December 2014
  5. 1 2 501st Military Intelligence Brigade
  6. Ft Gordon units & tenants