United States Secret Service Uniformed Division

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U.S. Secret Service Uniformed Division
Patch of the United States Secret Service Uniformed Division.png
Patch of the U.S. Secret Service Uniformed Division
Badge of the United States Secret Service Uniformed Division.png
Badge of a USSS Uniformed Division officer
Flag of the United States Secret Service.svg
Flag of the U.S. Secret Service
Common nameSecret Service Uniformed Division
AbbreviationUSSSUD
Agency overview
Formed1977;42 years ago (1977)
Preceding agency
Jurisdictional structure
Federal agency U.S.
Operations jurisdiction U.S.
General nature
HeadquartersWashington, D.C.

Officers1,300
Agency executives
Parent agencyFlag of the United States Secret Service.svg U.S. Secret Service
Website
www.SecretService.gov

The United States Secret Service Uniformed Division (USSS UD) is the security police force of the U.S. Secret Service, similar to the U.S. Capitol Police or DHS Federal Protective Service. It is in charge of protecting the physical White House grounds and foreign diplomatic missions in the District of Columbia area.

In some countries, security police are those persons employed by or for a governmental agency or corporations with large campuses who provide police and security services to those agencies' properties.

United States Secret Service U.S. federal law enforcement agency

The United States Secret Service is a federal law enforcement agency under the Department of Homeland Security charged with conducting criminal investigations and protecting the nation's leaders and their families. Until 2003, the Secret Service was part of the Department of the Treasury, as the agency was originally founded to combat the then-widespread counterfeiting of US currency.

United States Capitol Police United States federal law enforcement agency charged with protecting the U.S. Congress

The United States Capitol Police (USCP) is a federal law enforcement agency in the United States charged with protecting the United States Congress within the District of Columbia and throughout the United States and its territories. It answers to Congress, not the President of the United States, and is the only full-service federal law enforcement agency responsible to the legislative branch of the Federal Government of the United States.

Contents

History

A USSS Uniformed Division policeman near the White House in 2012. Secret Service at the White House (7508830852).jpg
A USSS Uniformed Division policeman near the White House in 2012.
A 2013 Ford Police Interceptor of the U.S. Secret Service Uniformed Division is pictured outside the White House in Washington, D.C., in July 2013. USSSUD 2013 Ford Police Interceptor.jpg
A 2013 Ford Police Interceptor of the U.S. Secret Service Uniformed Division is pictured outside the White House in Washington, D.C., in July 2013.
A U.S. Secret Service "counter-sniper" marksman on top of the White House's roof, armed with a sniper rifle. Secret Service on White House roof.jpg
A U.S. Secret Service "counter-sniper" marksman on top of the White House's roof, armed with a sniper rifle.
Secret Service Agent Guards EEOB.jpg

Established in 1922 as the White House Police, this organization was fully integrated into the Secret Service in 1930. In 1970, the protection of foreign diplomatic missions was added to the force's responsibilities, and its name was changed to the Executive Protective Service. The name United States Secret Service Uniformed Division was adopted in 1977.

White House Police Force Defunct American security police force

The White House Police Force was a security police force formed in 1922 to protect the White House and the President of the United States. It became part of the United States Secret Service in 1930. It was renamed the Executive Protective Service in 1970 and then the Uniformed Division of the Secret Service in 1977.

With more than 1,300 officers as of 2010, the Uniformed Division is responsible for security at the White House Complex; the vice president's residence; the Department of the Treasury (as part of the White House Complex); and foreign diplomatic missions in the District of Columbia, area. Uniformed Division officers carry out their protective responsibilities through a network of fixed security posts, foot, bicycle, vehicular and motorcycle patrols.

The Uniformed Division has three branches: the White House Branch, the Foreign Missions Branch, and the Naval Observatory Branch. Together they provide protection for the following: the president, vice president, and their immediate families; presidential candidates; the White House Complex; the Vice President's Residence; the main Treasury Department building and its annex facility; and foreign diplomatic missions in the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area. [2]

Number One Observatory Circle The official residence of the Vice President of the United States

Number One Observatory Circle is the official residence of the Vice President of the United States.

Officers are responsible for providing additional support to the Secret Service's protective mission through the following special support groups:

Counter Sniper Team (CS)
Created in 1971, the Counter Sniper Team's purpose is to provide specialized protective support to defend against long-range threats to Secret Service protectees. [3]
Canine Explosives Detection Unit (K-9)
Created in 1976, the mission of the K-9 unit is to provide skilled and specialized explosives detection support to protective efforts involving Secret Service protectees. [3]
Emergency Response Team (ERT)
Formed in 1992, ERT's primary mission is to provide tactical response to unlawful intrusions and other protective challenges related to the White House and its grounds. ERT personnel receive specialized, advanced training and must maintain a high level of physical and operational proficiency. [3]

Officers assigned to CS, ERT, and K9, are designated "Technicians" to recognize their advanced training. Today these units are part of the agency's Special Operations Division.

The Magnetometer Support Unit: Formed to ensure that all persons entering secure areas occupied by Secret Service protectees are unarmed, [3] the Secret Service began relying on magnetometer (metal detector) support by Uniformed Division officers to augment its protective efforts away from the White House following the attempt to assassinate President Ronald Reagan.

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The Secret Service Uniformed Division's statutory authority is set out in Title 18, §3056A of the U.S. Code. [4]

Ranks

Uniformed Division ranks, set out in the salary schedule in Title 5, § 10203 of the United States Code, are as follows:

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Current weapons

Like all other agents the sidearm is the SIG Sauer P229 (SIG Sauer P226) in .357 SIG

Officers are trained on standard shoulder weapons that include the FN P90 submachine gun, [6] the 9mm Heckler & Koch MP5 submachine gun, and the 12-gauge Remington 870 shotgun. [6] The continued use of the MP5 remains a source of controversy as many other federal agencies have moved away from submachine guns altogether and replaced them with automatic rifles. Despite this, the agency has no current plans to replace this weapon. [7]

As a non-lethal option, Special Agents, Special Officers, and Uniformed Division Officers are armed with the ASP 16” expandable baton, and Uniform Division officers also carry pepper spray.

Units assigned to the Special Operations Division carry a variety of non-standard weapons.

The Counter Assault Team (CAT) and the Emergency Response Team (ERT) are both issued the 5.56mm Knight's Armament Company SR-16 CQB rifle. CAT also uses 12 gauge Remington 870 MCS breaching shotguns.

Uniform Division technicians assigned to the Counter Sniper (CS) team use custom built .300 Winchester Magnum-chambered bolt-action rifles referred to as JARs ("Just Another Rifle"). These rifles use Remington 700 actions in Accuracy International stocks with Schmidt & Bender optics. CS technicians also use the 7.62mm KAC SR-25/Mk11 Mod 0 semi-automatic sniper rifle with a Trijicon 5.5× ACOG optic.

The Department of Homeland Security has made numerous attempts to bring the Secret Service's weapons procurement in line with the rest of the department. The agency has resisted these inroads and currently maintains an independent acquisition process.

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References

  1. "Secret Service Swears in New Uniformed Division Chief Sullivan becomes 20th to lead division" (PDF). USSS Webpage Press Release. Retrieved April 2, 2018.
  2. "Uniformed Division". US Secret Service. Archived from the original on 15 August 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "United States Secret Service: The Protective Mission". secretservice.gov. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
  4. "Title 18, §3056A". U.S. Code. Retrieved April 20, 2016.
  5. "5 U. S. C. § 10203" (PDF). United States Government Printing Office. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  6. 1 2 Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35th edition (January 27, 2009). ISBN   978-0-7106-2869-5.
  7. Kessler, Ronald. In the President's Secret Service: Behind the Scenes with Agents in the Line of Fire and the Presidents They Protect.