This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page . (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
United States Department of Defense Police (or DoD Police) are the uniformed civilian police officers of the United States Department of Defense, various branches of the United States Armed Forces (such as the Department of the Navy), or specific DoD activities (Defense Logistics Agency Police). The DoD Police are responsible for law enforcement and security services on DoD owned and leased buildings, facilities, properties and other DoD assets. It is important to note that "Department of Defense Police" is a catch-all phrase that refers to any civilian engaged in police duties for the Department of Defense and its component branches of the US Armed Forces.
There is a DoD police agency based at the Pentagon named the United States Pentagon Police, which is part of the Pentagon Force Protection Agency. Formerly the Defense Protective Service (DPS), the Pentagon Police have exclusive jurisdiction within the Pentagon Reservation and have concurrent jurisdiction with other police agencies (state, county, and local) in an area of approximately 280 acres (1.1 km2) around the complex. Through a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Arlington County, U.S. Pentagon Police Officers also possess authority, to enforce laws while on duty in Arlington County, Alexandria, the District of Columbia, and various other areas throughout the National Capital Region.See 10 USC 2674, and 10 USC 2672(C)
The Marine Corps initiated a Civilian Police force in 2005 (0083) and established Marine Corps Police Departments in MCLB Barstow, California, MCLB Albany, Georgia; and MCSF Blount Island, Jacksonville, Florida. In 2008 the Marine Corps decided to expand the civilian police officers to all other Marine Corps installations in the United States. Officers provide security and policing functions to Marine Corps establishments alongside Marine Corps military police officers. [ citation needed ]All Police Officers up to the rank of Deputy Chief of Police undergo 12 weeks of FLETA accredited training at MCAS Miramar in California. A waiver may be issued for the Academy if the officer has attended an approved academy and worked in law enforcement in the last six months.
Furthermore, memorandums of understanding (MOUs) that are established in agreement with either the City Police Chief or local Sheriff vary with every DoD facility. Other DoD Police facilities that have MOU agreements include DoD Police in San Francisco, California, the Los Angeles Air Force Base DoD Police in southern California, NAWS China Lake in Ridgecrest, California, and the DOD Police at the Norfolk Naval Station in Norfolk, Virginia. Similar to the aforementioned Pentagon Police, the DoD Police (specifically, Department of the Air Force Police) stationed on Hanscom Air Force Base in Eastern Massachusetts maintain a MOU with multiple historically significant towns (Bedford, Lincoln, Concord, and Lexington).
A DoD police officer is assigned the federal occupational series code "0083", the code reserved for police.This occupational series code applies regardless of what specific agency of the Department of Defense the officer works for. Individual installations conduct the hiring process based upon local need, thus a person applying for a DoD police officer positions applies to specific installations. Most installations have detectives, which can share the same "0083" occupational series code as police officers or "1811" series as criminal investigators. These detectives investigate misdemeanor or felony crimes; however, felony crimes are investigated on a case by case basis that are not pursued by the special agent of each branches' investigative agency (such as NCIS, CID, or OSI).
A DoD Police officer can expect to perform a variety of law enforcement and security roles.
One major function of a DoD Police officer is to conduct law enforcement and force protection duties. This often takes the form of ensuring that only authorized personnel access the installation by performing identification checks at fixed entry control points (ECP). Officers at fixed posts ensure that all entry requirements have been met before allowing an individual to proceed.
DoD Police officers also conduct patrols within the installation and other federal properties. An officer can conduct traffic stops for any motor vehicle violations. Each jurisdiction adopts the surrounding state's motor vehicle laws under the Assimilative Crimes Act (see Federal Jurisdiction). There are two types of citations that may be issued: the DD Form 1408 Armed Forces Traffic Ticket, CVB Form (U.S. District Court Violation Notice). The DD Form 1408 does not have any monetary fines associated with it and is an administrative type of punishment or can be used as a written warning. The CVB Form (USDCVN), however, carries a monetary fine or requires a mandatory appearance in U.S. District Court. All monies collected from tickets written by agencies that partake in the CVB program are deposited in the Victims of Crime Fund established by US Congress under the Victims of Crime Act (1984).
DoD Police officers also respond to all calls for law enforcement assistance or service that take place within or surrounding the installations and federal property. If the crime is found to be a major felony, then the matter is generally referred to the special agents of the applicable investigative agency (NCIS, CID, OSI, FBI, etc.). There are increasing opportunities for participation in specialized roles. Civilian DoD Police officers may serve as K-9 officers, Traffic Investigations, Civil Liaison/AWOL Apprehension, Game Warden, bike patrol, harbor patrol, flight line patrol or members of a special response team (SRT).
On January 2, 2013 President Obama signed into law H.R. 4310 which clarifies in section 1089 that DoD civilian police are qualified law enforcement officers and may legally carry concealed weapons across the nation.
Actual requirement vary from between service branches, agencies, and installations. There are, however, a few requirements that are nearly universal. A major requirement of any potential DoD officer is to pass a medical exam. While there is not typically an uncorrected vision requirement, candidates must have normal color vision, depth perception, and sufficiently good corrected vision.
Every DoD police officer is required to get and maintain a "Secret" clearance. The background investigation must show the candidate to be free of substantial debt or foreign influence. Under the Lautenberg Amendment, DoD police officers cannot have any convictions for domestic violence. Law Enforcement Departments also require an interview with the candidate.
Candidates can be required to take and pass a physical fitness test. This test could take the form of the same type of test that is issued to military members (as in the case of Department of the Army officers) or the so-called Illinois Agility Test, a type of obstacle course (as in the case of some Department of the Navy officers). Some installations require the officer pass this test annually, something not typically required of local city or town police officers (though they may take one in their respective academies). There is a great deal of variance between installations on the issue of the physical fitness test.
Whether or not a candidate has to attend a DoD academy (see "Training" section below) depends on both the installation and the Police officer's experience. A candidate transferring from another agency who has attended any state certified or federal (FLETC) academy is occasionally excused from attending a DoD academy.[ citation needed ]CINC 5530.14
DoD agencies, including Pentagon Police and Defense Logistics Agency Police, send their officers to the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) certified academies in Georgia. DoD Police training outside of the Department of Defense itself may or may not be standardized and each military service (Coast Guard or US Air Force, US Marine Corps) may choose other academies and/or training regiments that satisfy their needs and requirements. The Army hosts its own Academy which is FLETA certified as the Department of the Army Civilian Police Academy at Fort Leonard Wood, and is used by DLA and other DOD Agencies at times. The Department of Veterans Affairs Law Enforcement Training Center (LETC) often serves as a training program that is able and willing to meet the training requirements for DoD Officers and their respective installations.
Officers of the U.S. Air Force Police attend a 10-week training academy (formerly 6 weeks) at the Department of Veterans Affairs Law Enforcement Training Center (LETC) in Little Rock, Arkansas as well. This is an Air Force-specific course that does not certify officers to work on Veteran's Administration properties, only Air Force installations.
There are also various specialized government and private entities that supply specialized training to DoD Officers on an as needed basis. Some DOD Police Officers have concurrent jurisdiction, meaning they can enforce state laws off base and the city police can enforce state laws on the base.
DOD Security Officers (GS-0085) are often trained at their location, rather than a central training facility like the GS-0083 police officers.
DoD officers wear typical police style uniforms, more often than not in a shade of dark "L.A.P.D." blue. Pentagon Police wear a grey police uniform. Many installations now issue solid blue or black BDUs/TDUs for officers with cloth badges and name tapes. Badges and patches vary widely between agencies and installations.
DoD officers carry a firearm, spare ammunition, pepper spray, a police baton (typically an expandable ASP), a taser, handcuffs, radio, latex gloves, and other commonly seen police equipment. Bulletproof vests are also issued. During higher threat conditions, officers could be equipped with Kevlar helmets and other protective equipment; along with rifles, carbines, and shotguns.
DoD police vehicles vary widely, with vehicles ranging from Chevrolet Silverados, Chevrolet Tahoes, Ford Explorers, Dodge Chargers. However, most installations and agencies use the Chevrolet Impala or Ford Crown Victoria. Vehicles may be marked or unmarked and utilize emergency blue and red lights and sirens with cage and non cage emergency vehicles.
Military police (MP) are law enforcement agencies connected with, or part of, the military of a state.
A special agent is an investigator or detective for a governmental or independent agency, who primarily serves in criminal investigatory positions. Additionally, many federal and state "special agents" operate in "criminal intelligence" based roles as well. Within the U.S. federal law enforcement system, dozens of federal agencies employ federal law enforcement officers, each with different criteria pertaining to the use of the titles Special Agent and Agent.
The United States Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS) is the primary law enforcement agency of the U.S. Department of the Navy. Its primary function is to investigate criminal activities involving the U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps, though its broad mandate includes national security, counterintelligence, counter-terrorism, cyber warfare, and the protection of U.S. naval assets worldwide. NCIS is the successor organization to the former Naval Investigative Service (NIS), which was established by the Office of Naval Intelligence after the Second World War.
The U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations is a U.S. federal law enforcement agency that reports directly to the Secretary of the Air Force. AFOSI is also a U.S. Air Force field operating agency under the administrative guidance and oversight of the Inspector General of the Air Force. By federal statute, AFOSI provides independent criminal investigative, counterintelligence and protective service operations worldwide and outside of the traditional military chain of command. Proactively, AFOSI identifies, investigates, and neutralizes serious criminal, terrorist, and espionage threats to personnel and resources of the Air Force and the U.S. Department of Defense, thereby protecting the national security of the United States.
The Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense (DOD), headquartered in Indianapolis, IN. DFAS was established in 1991 under the authority, direction, and control of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller)/Chief Financial Officer to strengthen and reduce costs of financial management and operations within DOD. DFAS is responsible for all payments to servicemembers, employees, vendors, and contractors. It provides business intelligence and finance and accounting information to DOD decisionmakers. DFAS is also responsible for preparing annual financial statements and the consolidation, standardization, and modernization of finance and accounting requirements, functions, processes, operations, and systems for DOD.
The Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers (FLETC) serves as an interagency law enforcement training body for 105 United States government federal law enforcement agencies. The stated mission of FLETC is to "...train those who protect our homeland". It also provides training to state, local, campus, tribal, and international law enforcement agencies. Through the Rural Policing Institute (RPI) and the Office of State and Local Training, it provides tuition-free and low-cost training to state, local, campus and tribal law enforcement agencies.
The United States Army Criminal Investigation Command (USACIDC) investigates felony crimes and serious violations of military law & the United States Code within the US Army. The command is a separate military investigative force with investigative autonomy; CID special agents report through the CID chain of command to the USACIDC Commanding General, who reports directly to the Chief of Staff of the Army and the Secretary of the Army. By position, the USACIDC commanding general is also the Army's Provost Marshal General.
Provosts are military police whose duties are policing solely within the armed forces of a country, as opposed to gendarmerie duties in the civilian population. However, many countries use their gendarmerie for provost duties.
The Pentagon Police Division (PPD) is the uniformed division of the Pentagon Force Protection Agency (PFPA).
The federal government of the United States empowers a wide range of law enforcement agencies to maintain law and public order related to matters affecting the country as a whole.
The United States Marine Corps Criminal Investigation Division is a federal law enforcement agency that investigates crimes against people and property within the United States Marine Corps.
Department of the Army Civilian Police are the uniformed and plainclothes civilian police officers of the United States Army. They are also referred to as DoD Police. The Department of the Army Civilian Police (DACP) are responsible for law enforcement on U.S. Army–owned and –leased buildings, facilities, properties and other U.S. Army assets. In overseas locations or in areas of concurrent jurisdiction, Department of the Army Civilian Police are responsible for the protection and policing of DOD-affiliated personnel. It is important to note that "Department of Defense Police" is a phrase that refers to any civilian engaged in police duties for the Department of Defense and its component branches of the US Armed Forces. There is no one unified agency that goes under the title "Department of Defense Police". There are several police forces that use the title "DoD police", such as the Pentagon Police, Defense Logistics Agency Police, Navy Civilian Police (NCP), Army Civilian Police (DACP), Marine Corps Civilian Police (MCCIVPOL) and Air Force Civilian Police (DAFCP).
United States Army Counterintelligence (ACI) is the component of United States Army Military Intelligence which conducts counterintelligence activities to detect, identify, assess, counter, exploit and/or neutralize adversarial, foreign intelligence services, international terrorist organizations, and insider threats to the United States Army and U.S. Department of Defense (DoD).
The United States Air Force Police are the civilian uniformed police service of the United States Air Force, responsible for the force protection of assets and all aspects of law enforcement on U.S. Air Force installations, and other facilities operated by United States Air Force.
The United States Department of Defense (DoD) has a complex organizational structure. It includes the Army, Navy, the Marine Corps, Air Force, Space Force, the Unified combatant commands, U.S. elements of multinational commands, as well as non-combat agencies such as the Defense Intelligence Agency and the National Security Agency. The DoD's annual budget was roughly US$496.1 billion in 2015. This figure is the base amount and does not include the $64.3 billion spent on "War/Non-War Supplementals". Including those items brings the total to $560.6 billion for 2015.
Joint Base Charleston is a United States military facility located partly in the City of North Charleston, South Carolina and partly in the City of Goose Creek, South Carolina. The facility is under the jurisdiction of the United States Air Force 628th Air Base Wing, Air Mobility Command (AMC).
The United States Coast Guard Police (CGPD) are law enforcement units stationed at certain shore facilities of the United States Coast Guard. Coast Guardsmen assigned to a CGPD receive either on-the-job training through their unit and may attend formal training through an approved police academy. CGPD officers may also attend advanced training for DUI, RADAR/LIDAR certification, active shooter situations, and other specialized skills that may be required. Officers wear a modified Operational Dress Uniform (ODU) with CGPD patches and collar devices in lieu of their rank. CGPD officers carry the same standard firearms as other Coast Guard units, including the Sig Sauer P229 DAK pistol, M-16, and shotguns. CGPDs utilize various patrol vehicles including bicycles, cars/SUVs, and ATVs. Officer responsibilities include physical security, answering calls for service, investigating minor crimes, traffic control, and the prevention, detection, and suppression of criminal activity aboard Coast Guard facilities. Coast Guard Police Departments are present at the United States Coast Guard Academy, Training Center Cape May, Training Center Petaluma, Base Support Unit Kodiak, USCG Sector New York, and the United States Coast Guard Yard, Baltimore.
The master-at-arms (MA) rating is responsible for law enforcement and force protection in the United States Navy—equivalent to the United States Army Military Police, the United States Marine Corps Military Police, the United States Air Force Security Forces, and the United States Coast Guard's Maritime Law Enforcement Specialist. It is one of the oldest ratings in the United States Navy, having been recognized since the inception of the U.S. Navy.