United States Department of the Army

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United States Department of the Army
United States Department of the Army Seal.svg
Agency overview
FormedSeptember 18, 1947;75 years ago (1947-09-18)
Preceding agency
Headquarters The Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
Annual budget$174.7B (FY2022)
Agency executives
Parent agency U.S. Department of Defense
Child agency
Website https://www.army.mil/
Seal of the Department of the Army Seal of the United States Department of War.png
Seal of the Department of the Army

The United States Department of the Army (DA) is one of the three military departments within the Department of Defense of the U.S. The Department of the Army is the federal government agency within which the United States Army (U.S.) is organized, and it is led by the secretary of the Army, who has statutory authority under 10 United States Code § 7013 [1] to conduct its affairs and to prescribe regulations for its government, subject to the limits of the law, and the directions of the secretary of defense and the president.

Contents

The secretary of the army is a civilian official appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate. The highest-ranking military officer in the department is the chief of staff of the Army, who is also a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Other senior officials of the department are the under secretary of the Army (principal deputy to the secretary) and the vice chief of staff of the Army (principal deputy to the chief of staff.)

The Department of War was originally formed in 1789 as an Executive Department of the United States and was split by the National Security Act of 1947 into the Department of the Army and Department of the Air Force on September 18, 1947. By amendments to the National Security Act of 1947 in 1949, the department of the Army was transformed to its present-day status.

Organizational structure

The Department of the Army is a Military Department within the United States Department of Defense. The department is headed by the secretary of the army, who by statute must be a civilian, appointed by the president with the confirmation by the United States Senate. The secretary of the Army is responsible for and has the authority to conduct all the affairs of the Department of the Army, subject to the authority, direction and control of the secretary of defense. The Department of the Army is divided between its headquarters at the seat of government and the field organizations of the Army.

By direction of the secretary of defense, the secretary of the Army assigns Army forces, apart from those units performing duties enumerated in 10 United States Code § 7013 [1] (i.e., organize, train & equip) or unless otherwise directed to the operational command of the commanders of the Combatant Commands. Only the secretary of defense (and the president) has the authority to approve transfer of forces to and from Combatant Commands by 10 United States Code § 162. [2]

Headquarters, Department of the Army

Chart summarizing the organization of the Department of the Army's Headquarters as of 2010. Organization of the Department of the Army Headquarters.png
Chart summarizing the organization of the Department of the Army's Headquarters as of 2010.

Headquarters, Department of the Army is the corporate office of the department which exercises directive and supervisory functions and consists of two separate staffs: the Office of the Secretary of the Army (10 United States Code § 7014 [3] ), the mainly civilian staff; and the Army Staff (10 United States Code § 7031, [4] & 10 United States Code § 7032 [5] ), the mainly military staff. The Office of the Secretary and the Army Staff are organized along similar lines, with civilians and military officers both overseeing similar program areas. [lower-alpha 1]

Civilian (Army Secretariat)Military (Army Staff)
Assistant Secretary of the Army (Manpower and Reserve Affairs) Deputy Chief of Staff (G1-Personnel)
Deputy Chief of Staff (G3/5/7-Operations, Plans, and Training)
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations, Energy and Environment Deputy Chief of Staff for Installations (G9)
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works Chief of Engineers
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology Deputy Chief of Staff (G4-Logistics)
Assistant Secretary of the Army (Financial Management and Comptroller) Deputy Chief of Staff (G8-Financial Management)
General Counsel of the Army Deputy Chief of Staff (G2-Intelligence)
Army Chief Information Officer (CIO) Deputy Chief of Staff (G6-Communications/IT)

Office of the Secretary

The Office of the Secretary is led by the secretary of the Army, assisted by the under secretary of the Army and the administrative assistant to the secretary of the Army, who is the senior civilian career official of the department. The Office of the Secretary of the Army, also known as the Army Secretariat, is divided into multiple branches with functional responsibilities, the six most important of which are headed by one of the five assistant secretaries of the Army or the general counsel of the Army, each of whom are civilians appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate.

The Army Staff

The Army Staff Identification Badge United States Army Staff Identification Badge.png
The Army Staff Identification Badge

The Army Staff is led by the chief of staff of the Army, a four-star general who is the highest-ranking officer in the Army and the Army member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The chief of staff is assisted in managing the Army Staff by the vice chief of staff of the United States Army, a four-star general and second highest-ranking officer in the Army. The Army Staff is divided into several directorates, each headed by a three-star general; a deputy chief of staff (DCS G–1 (personnel), G–2 (intelligence), G–3 (operations), G–4 (logistics), [9] G-5 (planning), G-6 (network), G-7 (training), G-8 (finance), and G-9 (installations) respectively). [10] [9] the DCS G-3/5/7 is a single office for operations, plans, and training.

A key official within the Army Staff is the director of the Army Staff, who is a three-star general. The director is responsible for integrating and synchronizing the work of the Office of the Secretary and the Army Staff so that they meet the goals and priorities of the secretary of the Army. Other key figures within the Army Staff are the sergeant major of the Army, the United States Army judge advocate general, the chief of the Army Reserve, the United States Army provost marshal general, and the United States Army surgeon general. The chief of the National Guard Bureau was previously considered part of the Army Staff, but has been elevated to four-star rank and membership in the Joint Chiefs of Staff; the director of the Army National Guard and the director of the Air National Guard (both three-star positions) report to the chief, National Guard Bureau for strategy and policy, but receive funding and Service-specific guidance from their respective services, as they have different legal authorities. [11]

Army commands and Army service component commands

Headquarters US Army SSI.png Headquarters, United States Department of the Army (§ HQDA):

Army CommandsCurrent commanderLocation of headquarters
United States Army Forces Command SSI.svg United States Army Forces Command (FORSCOM)GEN Andrew P. Poppas Fort Bragg, North Carolina
Army Futures Command SSI.png United States Army Futures Command (AFC)GEN James E. Rainey Austin, Texas
AMC shoulder insignia.svg United States Army Materiel Command (AMC)GEN Edward M. Daly Redstone Arsenal, Alabama
TRADOC patch.svg United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC)GEN Paul E. Funk II Fort Eustis, Virginia
Army Service Component CommandsCurrent commanderLocation of headquarters
USAREUR Insignia.svg United States Army Europe and Africa [12] GEN Darryl A. Williams Lucius D. Clay Kaserne, Wiesbaden, Germany
US3ASSI.svg United States Army Central (ARCENT)/Third Army LTG Patrick D. Frank [13] Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina
United States Army North CSIB.svg United States Army North (ARNORTH)/Fifth Army LTG John R. Evans Jr. Fort Sam Houston, Texas
USARPAC insignia.svg United States Army Pacific (USARPAC)GEN Charles A. Flynn Fort Shafter, Hawaii
UNITED STATES ARMY SOUTH SSI.svg United States Army South (ARSOUTH)/Sixth Army MG William L. Thigpen Fort Sam Houston, Texas
Surface Deployment and Distribution Command SSI.svg Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC)MG Gavin A. Lawrence Scott AFB, Illinois
US Army Cyber Command SSI.png United States Army Cyber Command (ARCYBER)LTG Maria B. Barrett Fort Gordon, Georgia
United States Army Space and Missile Defense Command Logo.svg United States Army Space and Missile Defense Command/United States Army Strategic Command (USASMDC/ARSTRAT)LTG Daniel L. Karbler Redstone Arsenal, Alabama
US Army Special Operations Command SSI.svg United States Army Special Operations Command (USASOC)LTG Jonathan P. Braga Fort Bragg, North Carolina
Operational Force HeadquartersCurrent commanderLocation of headquarters
Eighth United States Army CSIB.svg Eighth Army (EUSA) [14] LTG Willard M. Burleson III Camp Humphreys, South Korea
Direct reporting unitsCurrent commanderLocation of headquarters
Arlington National Cemetery Seal.png Arlington National Cemetery and Soldiers' and Airmen's Home National Cemetery [15] Katharine Kelley [16] (civilian) Arlington, Virginia
US Army ASAALT Insignia.svg United States Army Acquisition Support Center (USAASC)Craig A. Spisak [17] (civilian) Fort Belvoir, Virginia
US Army Civilain Human Resources Agnecy seal.png United States Army Civilian Human Resources Agency (CHRA) [18] Carol Burton [19] (civilian) Fort Belvoir, Virginia
USACE.gif United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)LTG Scott A. Spellmon [20] Washington, D.C.
Cid patch color.jpg United States Army Criminal Investigation Division (USACID)SES Gregory D. Ford, Director [21] [22] Quantico, Virginia
HRCPatch.png United States Army Human Resources Command (HRC)MG Thomas R. Drew [23] Fort Knox, Kentucky
INSCOM.svg United States Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM)MG Michele H. Bredenkamp [24] Fort Belvoir, Virginia
MEDCOM.png United States Army Medical Command (MEDCOM)LTG R. Scott Dingle Joint Base San Antonio, Texas
United States Army Military District of Washington CSIB.svg United States Army Military District of Washington (MDW)MG Allan M. Pepin Fort Lesley J. McNair, Washington, D.C.
United States Army Test and Evaluation Command SSI.png United States Army Test and Evaluation Command (ATEC)MG James J. Gallivan [25] Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD
US Army War College SSI.png United States Army War College (AWC)MG David C. Hill Carlisle, Pennsylvania
USMA SSI.png United States Military Academy (USMA)LTG Steven W. Gilland West Point, New York

Source: U.S. Army organization [26]

See also

Notes

  1. Understanding the Army Requirements Oversight Council (AROC) [6] [7] [8] See Joint Requirements Oversight Council

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References

  1. 1 2 10 U.S.C.   § 7013
  2. 10 U.S.C.   § 162
  3. 10 U.S.C.   § 7014
  4. 10 U.S.C.   § 7031
  5. 10 U.S.C.   § 7032
  6. Army Publishing Directorate sample search: AR 5-22 AR 5-22 — THE ARMY FORCE MODERNIZATION PROPONENT SYSTEM Army Publications Home page
  7. Army Strategy Note (ASN) proponent: G-3/5/7 (LTG James E. Rainey) (1 April 2022) INSTITUTIONAL STRATEGY SD 12 STRATEGY NOTE 2022-04, should be read in conjunction with How the Army Runs
  8. US Army War College (USAWC) School of Strategic Landpower (2019-2020) How the Army Runs: a senior leader reference handbook 32nd edition. 560 pages
  9. 1 2 Carter,Jr., Archer & Murray (July 1988). "Description of Army Staff Functions: Targets for Planning Aids" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on March 4, 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. "NATO SHAPE structure". nato.int. Archived from the original on 9 January 2010.
  11. United States Code (1956) TITLE 10 AND TITLE 32, UNITED STATES CODE
  12. (13 November 2020) Army General Order NO. 2020–31: Redesignation of United States Army Europe as United States Army Europe and Africa AND Redesignation of United States Army Africa/Southern European Task Force as United States Army Southern European Task Force, Africa
  13. ARCENT CG Biography
  14. "General Orders No. 2012-02: Redesignation and Assignment of Eighth Army as a Subordinate Command of The United States Army Pacific" (PDF). Department of the Army. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016.
  15. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. "Who is Kate Kelley?". allgov.com. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  17. "Craig Spisak". asc.army.mil. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  18. DAGO 2017-03, DESIGNATION OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY CIVILIAN HUMAN RESOURCES AGENCY AND ITS SUBORDINATE ELEMENTS AS DIRECT REPORTING UNIT, apd.army.mil, dated 4 January 2017, last accessed 13 January 2017
  19. "Welcome to CHRA - About Us". chra.army.mil. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  20. Lieutenant General Scott A. Spellmon, 55th Chief of Engineers and Commanding General of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
  21. Rachel Nostrant (17 Sep 2021) Civilian boss takes charge of Army CID for first time United States Army Criminal Investigation Division is better known as CID
  22. CID Command Group
  23. "HRC Leadership". hrc.army.mil. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  24. INSCOM CG
  25. Lindsey Monger (July 21, 2020) Change of command ceremony marks change in ATEC leadership
  26. Organization, United States Army

Bibliography