Carlisle, Pennsylvania

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Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Borough
Carlisle, Pennsylvania.jpg
Downtown Carlisle
Carlisle coat of arms.jpg
Seal
Motto(s): 
"Excellence in Community Service"
Cumberland County Pennsylvania Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Carlisle Highlighted.svg
Location of Carlisle in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania.
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Carlisle
Location in Pennsylvania and the United States
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Carlisle
Carlisle (the United States)
Coordinates: 40°12′09″N77°11′42″W / 40.20250°N 77.19500°W / 40.20250; -77.19500 Coordinates: 40°12′09″N77°11′42″W / 40.20250°N 77.19500°W / 40.20250; -77.19500
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Cumberland
Settled1751
Incorporated1782
Named for Carlisle, England
Government
  TypeBorough Council
  MayorTim Scott
  Deputy MayorSean M. Shultz
Area
[1]
  Total5.54 sq mi (14.35 km2)
  Land5.53 sq mi (14.33 km2)
  Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
479 ft (146 m)
Population
 (2010) [2]
  Total18,682
  Estimate 
(2018) [3]
19,196
  Density3,480.75/sq mi (1,344.03/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
17013, 17015
Area code(s) 717
FIPS code 42-11272
Website www.carlislepa.org
DesignatedJuly 30, 1947 [4]

Carlisle is a borough in and the county seat of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States. [5] Carlisle is located within the Cumberland Valley, a highly productive agricultural region. As of the 2010 census, the borough population was 18,682; [6] the estimated population as of 2014 was 18,916. [2] Including suburbs in the neighboring townships, 37,695 live in the Carlisle urban cluster.

Borough (Pennsylvania) borough in Pennsylvania

In the U.S. commonwealth of Pennsylvania, a borough is a self-governing municipal entity, best thought of as a town, usually smaller than a city, but with a similar population density in its residential areas. Sometimes thought of as "junior cities", boroughs generally have fewer powers and responsibilities than full-fledged cities.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Cumberland County, Pennsylvania county in Pennsylvania, United States

Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 235,406. Its county seat is Carlisle.

Contents

Carlisle is the slightly smaller principal city of the Harrisburg−Carlisle Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Cumberland, Dauphin, and Perry counties in South Central Pennsylvania. In 2010, Forbes rated Carlisle and Harrisburg the second-best place to raise a family. [7]

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania Capital of Pennsylvania

Harrisburg is the capital city of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and the county seat of Dauphin County. With a population of 49,229, it is the 15th largest city in the Commonwealth. It lies on the east bank of the Susquehanna River, 107 miles (172 km) west of Philadelphia. Harrisburg is the anchor of the Susquehanna Valley metropolitan area, which had a 2018 estimated population of 574,659, making it the fourth most populous in Pennsylvania and 96th most populous in the United States.

Dauphin County, Pennsylvania U.S. county in Pennsylvania, United States

Dauphin County is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 268,100. The county seat and the largest city is Harrisburg, Pennsylvania's state capital and tenth largest city. The county was created ("erected") on March 4, 1785, from part of Lancaster County and was named after Louis-Joseph, Dauphin of France, the first son of king Louis XVI.

Perry County, Pennsylvania U.S. county in Pennsylvania, United States

Perry County is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 45,969. The county seat is New Bloomfield. The county was created on March 22, 1820, and was named for Oliver Hazard Perry, a hero of the War of 1812, who had recently died. It was originally part of Cumberland County and was created in part because residents did not want to travel over the mountain to Carlisle, and thus the temporary county seat became Landisburg

The U.S. Army War College, located at the Carlisle Barracks, prepares high-level military personnel and civilians for strategic leadership responsibilities. Carlisle Barracks ranks among the oldest U.S. Army installations and the most senior military educational institution in the United States Army. Carlisle Barracks is home of the United States Army Heritage and Education Center, an archives and museum complex open to the public.

Carlisle Barracks

Carlisle Barracks is a United States Army facility located in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. It is part of the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command and is the site of the U.S. Army War College. It is the nation's second-oldest active military base.

United States Army Land warfare branch of the United States Armed Forces

The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the seven uniformed services of the United States, and is designated as the Army of the United States in the United States Constitution. As the oldest and most senior branch of the U.S. military in order of precedence, the modern U.S. Army has its roots in the Continental Army, which was formed to fight the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)—before the United States of America was established as a country. After the Revolutionary War, the Congress of the Confederation created the United States Army on 3 June 1784 to replace the disbanded Continental Army. The United States Army considers itself descended from the Continental Army, and dates its institutional inception from the origin of that armed force in 1775.

U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center

The United States Army Heritage and Education Center (USAHEC), at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, is the U.S. Army's primary historical research facility. Formed in 1999 and reorganized in 2013, the center consists of the Military History Institute (MHI), the Army Heritage Museum (AHM), the Historical Services Division (HSD), Visitor and Education Services (VES), the U.S. Army War College Library, and Collections Management (CM). The U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center is part of the United States Army War College, but has its own 56-acre (230,000 m2) campus.

Carlisle also hosts Penn State Dickinson School of Law and Dickinson College. Ahold's U.S. headquarters are in Carlisle.

Dickinson College college in Pennsylvania

Dickinson College is a private liberal arts college in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Founded in 1773 as Carlisle Grammar School, Dickinson was chartered September 9, 1783, six days after the signing of the Treaty of Paris, making it the first college to be founded after the formation of the United States. Dickinson was founded by Benjamin Rush, a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, and named "John and Mary's College" in honor of John Dickinson, a signer of the Constitution who was later the governor of Pennsylvania, and his wife Mary Norris Dickinson. They donated much of their extensive personal libraries to the new college.

Ahold company

Koninklijke Ahold N.V. was a Dutch international retailer based in Zaandam, Netherlands. It merged with Delhaize Group in 2016 to form Ahold Delhaize.

History

Scots-Irish immigrants farmed the Cumberland Valley beginning in the early 1730s. The town of Carlisle, at the intersection of several Indian trails, was designated by the Pennsylvania assembly and the William Penn family in 1751 as the seat of Cumberland County (named for Cumberland County, England). American pioneer John Armstrong Sr., a surveyor for the Penn family, laid the plan for the town of Carlisle in 1751. He settled there and fathered John Armstrong Jr. in 1758. They named the settlement after its sister town of Carlisle, Cumberland (now in Cumbria), England, and even built its former jailhouse (which Cumberland County now uses as general government offices) to resemble The Citadel in the English city. [8]

William Penn English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, early Quaker and founder of the Province of Pennsylvania

William Penn was an English colonial proprietor and the son of the admiral and politician Sir William Penn. Penn was a writer, early Quaker, and founder of the English North American colony the Province of Pennsylvania. He was an early advocate of democracy and religious freedom, notable for his good relations and successful treaties with the Lenape Native Americans. Under his direction, the city of Philadelphia was planned and developed.

John Armstrong Sr. American civil engineer and soldier

John Armstrong was an American civil engineer and soldier who served as a brigadier general in the Continental Army and as a major general in the Pennsylvania Militia during the Revolutionary War. He was also a delegate to the Continental Congress for Pennsylvania. Armstrong County, Pennsylvania is named in his honor.

John Armstrong Jr. American politician

John Armstrong Jr. was an American soldier and statesman who was a delegate to the Continental Congress, U.S. Senator from New York, and Secretary of War.

On the frontier confronting hostile Native American tribes, the town built a stockade for protection in 1753. Upgraded by the colony in 1755, it was called Ft. Carlisle (also called Ft. Lowther). [9] In 1757, Colonel Commandant John Stanwix—for whom Fort Stanwix in upstate New York is named—–made his headquarters in Carlisle, PA, and was promoted to brigadier general on December 27 of that year. Stanwix had sat in Parliament as Member for Carlisle (England) during the 1740s. Later during the French and Indian Wars, the Forbes Expedition organized in Carlisle in 1758, and Henry Bouquet organized an expedition there for Pontiac's War, the last conflict of the war, in 1763.

John Stanwix British Army general

John Stanwix was a British soldier and politician.

Fort Stanwix United States historic place

Fort Stanwix was a colonial fortress whose construction commenced on August 26, 1758, under the direction of British General John Stanwix, at the location of present-day Rome, New York, but was not completed until about 1762. The star fort was built to guard a portage known as the Oneida Carry during the French and Indian War. Fort Stanwix National Monument, a reconstructed structure built by the National Park Service, now occupies the site.

Brigadier general or brigade general is a senior rank in the armed forces. It is the lowest ranking general officer in some countries, usually sitting between the ranks of colonel and major general. When appointed to a field command, a brigadier general is typically in command of a brigade consisting of around 4,000 troops. In some countries a brigadier general is informally designated as a one-star general (OF-6).

Frontier freedom mentality and years of war bred in Cumberland County fierce freedom fighters in the Revolutionary War. In the town stands the home of James Wilson, early Carlisle lawyer, and representative to the Continental Congress, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, and one of the framers of the U. S. Constitution. [10] The First Presbyterian Church, begun in 1757 and completed in 1770, the oldest building in Carlisle, is where the Rev. Capt John Steele, "The Fighting Parson," preached his fiery sermons for God and freedom and where colonists met July 12, 1774, to sign a document protesting the Boston Port Acts. [11] [12] A year later Carlisle supplied a contingent for the first regiment of the Continental Army. Rev. Capt. John Steel was named commander of the leading company of this group when they marched from Carlisle. [13] No longer standing but marked by a historical marker is the home of Ephraim Blaine, Commissary General of Revolutionary Army. [14] Also, no longer standing but commemorated, is the home of Gen. John Armstrong Sr., "Hero of Kittanning," Revolutionary officer, and member of the Continental Congress. Still standing is the gun shop of Thomas Butler Sr., an Irish immigrant, who manufactured Pennsylvania long rifles for the French and Indian War. He later became Chief Armorer for The First Continental Congress. He and his five sons served in the Revolutionary War and were known as "The Fighting Butlers. [15] His eldest son was Richard Butler (general).

Carlisle also served as a munitions depot during the American Revolutionary War. The depot was later developed into the United States Army War College at Carlisle Barracks. Revolutionary War legend Molly Pitcher died in the borough in 1832, and her body lies buried in the Old Public Graveyard. A hotel was built in her honor, called the Molly Pitcher Hotel; it has since been renovated to house apartments for senior citizens.

Carlisle was incorporated as a borough a few years after the war on April 13, 1782. Carlisle continued to play a part in the early development in the United States through the end of the century: In response to a planned march in favor of the United States Constitution in 1787, Anti-Federalists instigated a riot in Carlisle. A decade later, during the Whiskey Rebellion in 1794, the troops of Pennsylvania and New Jersey assembled in Carlisle under the leadership of President George Washington. [16] While in Carlisle, the president worshiped in the First Presbyterian Church at the corner of Hanover Street and High Street.

Benjamin Rush, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, developed Carlisle Grammar School in 1773 and chartered it as Dickinson College—the first new college founded in the newly recognized United States. One of the college's more famous alumni, the 15th U.S. president, James Buchanan, graduated in 1809. [17] The Dickinson School of Law, founded in 1834 and affiliated then with Dickinson College, ranks as the fifth-oldest law school in the United States and the oldest law school in Pennsylvania.

A general borough law of 1851 (amended in 1852) authorized a burgess and a borough council to administer the government of the borough of Carlisle.

External video
Carlisle, Pennsylvania (5656229890).jpg
Nuvola apps kaboodle.svg Cumberland County Courthouse Tour, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, 29:27

Leading up to the American Civil War, Carlisle served as a stop on the Underground Railroad. During the war, an army of the Confederate States of America, under General Fitzhugh Lee, attacked and shelled the borough during the Battle of Carlisle on July 1, 1863 as part of the Gettysburg Campaign. [18] A cannonball dent can still be seen on one of the columns of the historic county courthouse.

United States Army Lieutenant Richard Henry Pratt founded Carlisle Indian Industrial School in 1879 as the first federally supported school for American Indians off a reservation. The United States government maintained the school, housed at Carlisle Barracks as an experiment in educating Native Americans and teaching them to reject tribal culture and to adapt to white society. Pratt retired from the Army in 1903 and from supervising the school as its superintendent in 1904. Athletic hero Jim Thorpe entered the school in 1907 and joined its football team under coach Glenn "Pop" Warner in 1908. Playing halfback, Jim Thorpe led the team to startling upset victories over powerhouses Harvard, Army, and the University of Pennsylvania in 1911–12, bringing nationwide attention to the school. Marianne Moore taught there c. 1910. Carlisle Indian School closed in 1918.

The Dickinson School of Law was chartered as an independent institution in 1890. Dickinson School of Law merged into the Pennsylvania State University in 1997 as Penn State Dickinson School of Law.

Carlisle was the original eastern terminus of the Pennsylvania Turnpike when it opened in October 1940. [19]

The Carlisle Historic District, Carlisle Indian School, Hessian Powder Magazine, Carlisle Armory, and Old West, Dickinson College are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [20]

Geography

Carlisle is located slightly northeast of the center of Cumberland County at 40°12′9″N77°11′42″W / 40.20250°N 77.19500°W / 40.20250; -77.19500 (40.202553, −77.195016) at an elevation of 479 feet (146 m). [21] [22] The borough lies in the Cumberland Valley, a section of the Great Appalachian Valley, to the south of Conodoguinet Creek, a tributary of the Susquehanna River. Letort Spring Run, a tributary of Conodoguinet Creek, runs north through the eastern part of the borough.

Carlisle lies in south-central Pennsylvania southwest of the intersection of Interstate 76 (the Pennsylvania Turnpike) and Interstate 81 roughly 20 miles (32 km) west-southwest of Harrisburg, the state capital. By road it is approximately 80 mi (130 km) northwest of Baltimore and 124 mi (200 km) west-northwest of Philadelphia. [23] According to the United States Census Bureau, Carlisle has a total area of 5.54 square miles (14.35 km2), of which 5.53 square miles (14.33 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.02 km2), or 0.14%, is water. [6]

Industry

Leading industries in Carlisle's past have included Carlisle Tire and Rubber Company (founded 1917), Masland Carpets (founded 1866), and Frog Switch Manufacturing (founded 1876 by John Hays). Carlisle Tire and Rubber and Masland Carpets have since gone out of business, and both plants were demolished in 2013.

CenturyLink maintains a call center in the city, and Amazon.com is one of several warehouse facilities in the city.

Climate

Carlisle has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa) with hot, humid summers and cool winters. The average temperature in Carlisle is 51.3 °F (10.7 °C) with temperatures exceeding 90 °F (32 °C) an average of 16 days a year and dropping below 32 °F (0 °C) an average of 119 days a year. On average, the borough receives 38.8 inches (986 mm) of precipitation annually. Snowfall averages 29.8 inches (757 mm) per year. [24] On average, January is the coolest month, July is the warmest month, and September is the wettest month. The hottest temperature recorded in Carlisle was 102 °F (39 °C) in 1966; the coldest temperature recorded was −19 °F (−28 °C) in 1994. [25]

Climate data for Carlisle, Pennsylvania
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)71
(22)
77
(25)
85
(29)
93
(34)
95
(35)
98
(37)
102
(39)
100
(38)
98
(37)
89
(32)
82
(28)
77
(25)
102
(39)
Average high °F (°C)35
(2)
39
(4)
48
(9)
60
(16)
70
(21)
79
(26)
83
(28)
81
(27)
74
(23)
62
(17)
51
(11)
40
(4)
60
(16)
Average low °F (°C)20
(−7)
22
(−6)
30
(−1)
39
(4)
49
(9)
58
(14)
63
(17)
61
(16)
53
(12)
42
(6)
34
(1)
25
(−4)
41
(5)
Record low °F (°C)−19
(−28)
−6
(−21)
2
(−17)
13
(−11)
26
(−3)
37
(3)
44
(7)
42
(6)
31
(−1)
20
(−7)
6
(−14)
−3
(−19)
−19
(−28)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.17
(81)
2.65
(67)
3.34
(85)
3.35
(85)
4.16
(106)
4.18
(106)
3.93
(100)
3.36
(85)
4.28
(109)
3.22
(82)
3.19
(81)
2.99
(76)
41.82
(1,063)
Average snowfall inches (cm)9.0
(23)
8.9
(23)
6.1
(15)
0.6
(1.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.7
(4.3)
6.0
(15)
32.3
(81.8)
Source: The Weather Channel; [25] Weatherbase [24]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1800 2,052
1810 2,49121.4%
1820 2,90816.7%
1830 3,70827.5%
1840 4,35117.3%
1850 4,5815.3%
1860 5,66423.6%
1870 6,65017.4%
1880 6,209−6.6%
1890 7,62022.7%
1900 9,62626.3%
1910 10,3037.0%
1920 10,9165.9%
1930 12,59615.4%
1940 13,98411.0%
1950 16,81220.2%
1960 16,623−1.1%
1970 18,0798.8%
1980 18,3141.3%
1990 18,4190.6%
2000 17,970−2.4%
2010 18,6824.0%
Est. 201819,196 [3] 2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [26]
2014 estimate [2]

As of the census of 2000, there were 17,970 people, 7,426 households, and 4,010 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,308.9 people per square mile (1,277.8/km2). There were 8,032 housing units at an average density of 1,479.0 per square mile (571.1/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 88.93% White, 6.92% African American, 0.14% Native American, 1.60% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.96% of the population.

There were 7,426 households, out of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.3% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.0% were non-families. 39.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the borough, the population was spread out, with 18.6% under the age of 18, 17.2% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.8 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $33,969, and the median income for a family was $46,588. Males had a median income of $34,519 versus $25,646 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $21,394. About 8.6% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.7% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Colleges and universities

Public school

Private schools

As reported by the National Center for Educational Statistics [27]

Media

Print

Carlisle has one daily newspaper, The Sentinel . [28]

Radio

AM

Frequency Callsign [29] Format [30] City of License Notes
960 WHYL Adult Standards Carlisle, Pennsylvania-
1000 WIOO Country Carlisle, Pennsylvania-

FM

Frequency Callsign [31] Format [30] City of License Notes
88.3 WDCV-FM Variety Carlisle, Pennsylvania Dickinson College radio
93.1 W226AS Contemporary Christian Carlisle, PennsylvaniaTranslator of WBYO, Sellersville, Pennsylvania
97.9 W250AP Country Carlisle, PennsylvaniaTranslator of WIOO
101.7 W269AS Christian Carlisle, Pennsylvania Family Radio translator
102.3 WCAT-FM Country Carlisle, PennsylvaniaBroadcasts from Camp Hill, Pennsylvania

Notable people

Other

Carlisle is famous to many people for its car shows, put on regularly by Carlisle Events throughout the spring, summer, and fall at the Carlisle Fairgrounds. In addition to the regularly scheduled shows there are specialty shows, including the GM Nationals, the Ford Nationals, the Chrysler Nationals, the Truck Nationals, Corvettes at Carlisle, and the Import/Kit Car Nationals.

Most likely because of its location at the intersection of two major trucking routes (I-81 and I-76), air pollution within the borough often falls within the range considered by the United States Environmental Protection Agency as "Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups" [i.e., children, the elderly, and people with respiratory or heart disease]. The pollutant typically involved is PM2.5, particulate matter composed of particles less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter.[ citation needed ]

The Central Pennsylvania Youth Ballet (CPYB), a ballet school and performing company known internationally for their alumni, is based in Carlisle.

Carlisle is the headquarters of the Giant Food supermarkets in Pennsylvania.

Carlisle was home to the Washington Redskins training camp for many years. In 1986, cornerback Darrell Green ran the 40-yard dash at Dickinson College in 4.09 seconds. Although the result was unofficial, it is the fastest "legitimate" time ever recorded in the 40-yard dash.

Carlisle is mentioned in Season 2, Episode 18 of the ABC fantasy series Once Upon a Time .

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References

  1. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
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Further reading