Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance

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U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance
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AbbreviationOECA
Jurisdictional structure
Federal agency USA
Operations jurisdiction USA
General nature
Operational structure
Parent agency U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Website
https://www.epa.gov/enforcement

The Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) is the law enforcement arm of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). It is made up of attorneys, special agents, scientists and other employees.

Contents

Organization

The OECA consists of eight component offices. [1]

Office of Administration and Policy

The Office of Administration and Policy (OAP) recommends national policy on issues pertaining to enforcement and compliance. OAP provides a range of administrative support services which includes: human resources, labor relations, budget, finances, contracts, grants, records management and management of the compliance and enforcement information on the Agency's website.

  • Administrative Management Division
  • Budget and Financial Management Division
  • Information Technology Division
  • Policy and Legislative Coordination Division

Office of Civil Enforcement

The Office of Civil Enforcement (OCE) develops and prosecutes administrative civil and judicial cases and provides legal support for cases and investigations initiated in EPA regional offices. OCE directly implements and enforces federal programs (i.e., those programs where there are no EPA-authorized state programs). OCE also has responsibility for planning and setting priorities for enforcement activities, developing national enforcement policy and guidance, participating in Agency rule-making to ensure that regulations contain clear and enforceable provisions, and implementing effective communication to alert regulated entities to potential compliance problems.

Federal judicial actions (formal lawsuits) are filed by the U.S. Department of Justice on behalf of EPA. [2]

Office of Criminal Enforcement, Forensics and Training

The Office of Criminal Enforcement, Forensics and Training investigates violations of environmental laws and provides a range of technical and forensic services for civil and criminal investigative support and counsel on legal and policy matters.

CID mission

The primary mission of the Criminal Investigation Division is the enforcement of U.S. environmental laws, as well as any other federal law in accordance with the guidelines established by the Attorney General of the United States. [3] These environmental laws include those specifically related to air, water and land resources. [4]

CID training

CID special agents receive twelve weeks of basic federal law enforcement and Criminal Investigator training at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center located in Glynco, Georgia. In addition to the Basic Law Enforcement Training, CID special agents also receive nine weeks of training in conducting investigations related to U.S. environmental laws. There is also periodic in-service training, as well as advanced training in various investigative techniques. [4]

Office of Compliance

The Office of Compliance (OC) identifies, prevents, and reduces noncompliance and environmental risks by establishing enforcement initiatives and ensuring effective monitoring and assessment of compliance. OC provides compliance assistance and compliance data and ensures the effectiveness of compliance and enforcement personnel through training.

  • Enforcement Targeting and Data Division
  • Monitoring, Assistance, and Media Programs Division
  • National Enforcement Training Institute
  • Planning, Measuring, and Oversight Division
  • Resource Management Staff

Office of Environmental Justice

The Office of Environmental Justice works to protect human health and the environment in communities with environmental pollution by integrating environmental justice into EPA programs, policies and activities.

Office of Federal Activities

The Office of Federal Activities (OFA) coordinates EPA's review of all federal Environmental Impact Statements prepared by other agencies under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), as well as EPA's compliance with NEPA. OFA also works with federal and state agencies, foreign governments and international organizations in order to ensure compliance with United States environmental laws, and to promote a level playing field in trade internationally.

  • International Compliance Assurance Division
  • NEPA Compliance Division

Federal Facilities Enforcement Office

The Federal Facilities Enforcement Office (FFEO) is responsible for ensuring that federal facilities (e.g. military bases, national parks, government office buildings) take all necessary actions to prevent, control and abate environmental pollution. FFEO facilitates compliance through inspections and enforcement under all environmental statutes and cleanup at federal facilities. [5]

  • Site Remediation and Enforcement Staff
  • Planning, Prevention, and Compliance Staff

Office of Site Remediation Enforcement

The Office of Site Remediation Enforcement manages the enforcement of EPA's national hazardous waste cleanup programs. The cleanup enforcement program protects human health and the environment by getting those responsible for a hazardous waste site to either clean up or reimburse EPA for its cleanup. EPA uses a number of cleanup authorities independently and in combination to address specific cleanup situations, including the Superfund law, RCRA and the Oil Pollution Act.

  • Policy and Program Evaluation Division
  • Regional Support Division
  • Program Operation Staff

Most Wanted EPA Fugitives

Current EPA Fugitives:[ needs update ] [6]

Related Research Articles

United States Environmental Protection Agency Agency of the U.S. Federal Government

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is an independent executive agency of the United States federal government tasked with environmental protection matters. President Richard Nixon proposed the establishment of EPA on July 9, 1970; it began operation on December 2, 1970, after Nixon signed an executive order. The order establishing the EPA was ratified by committee hearings in the House and Senate. The agency is led by its administrator, who is appointed by the president and approved by the Senate. The current administrator is former deputy administrator Andrew R. Wheeler, who had been acting administrator since July 2018. The EPA is not a Cabinet department, but the administrator is normally given cabinet rank.

National Environmental Policy Act

The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) is a United States environmental law that promotes the enhancement of the environment and established the President's Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ). The law was enacted on January 1, 1970. To date, more than 100 nations around the world have enacted national environmental policies modeled after NEPA.

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Principal federal law in the United States governing the disposal of solid waste and hazardous waste

The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), enacted in 1976, is the principal federal law in the United States governing the disposal of solid waste and hazardous waste.

United States environmental law

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Environmental crime illegal act which directly harms the environment

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Texas Commission on Environmental Quality

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Illinois Environmental Protection Agency

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United States Department of Justice Environment and Natural Resources Division

The United States Department of Justice Environment and Natural Resources Division (ENRD) is one of seven litigating components of the U.S. Department of Justice. ENRD's mandate is to enforce civil and criminal environmental laws and programs protecting the health and environment of the United States, and to defend suits challenging those laws and programs.

Clean Air Act of 1963 United States federal law designed to control air pollution on a national level

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Waste management law law

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Guam Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Protection Agency

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The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines brownfield land as property where the reuse may be complicated by the presence of hazardous materials. Brownfields can be abandoned gas stations, dry cleaning establishments, factories, mills, or foundries.

There are benefits to leaving environmental regulation both to the federal government to the states. Proponents of federal environmental policy argue that it is necessary to set equal standards for all states in order to level the playing field. Furthermore, it is much easier for large corporations to abide by one universal policy rather than having to deal with a variety of standards for their locations in different states. On the other hand, state regulations are thought to be more adaptable and quicker to get passed than federal legislation. The geographical and population characteristics of any two states are likely to be very different. For example, wildlife conservation is much more of a concern for Alaska than for New York. New York, however, has much bigger air and light pollution issues than Alaska.

Oil spill governance in the United States is governed by federal law.

The Worker Protection Standard is intended to protect employees on farms, forests, nurseries, and greenhouses that are occupationally exposed to agricultural pesticides.

Exemptions for hydraulic fracturing under United States federal law

There are many exemptions for hydraulic fracturing under United States federal law: the oil and gas industries are exempt or excluded from certain sections of a number of the major federal environmental laws. These laws range from protecting clean water and air, to preventing the release of toxic substances and chemicals into the environment: the Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Safe Drinking Water Act, National Environmental Policy Act, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act, and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, commonly known as Superfund.

Water in Arkansas is an important issue encompassing the conservation, protection, management, distribution and use of the water resource in the state. Arkansas contains a mixture of groundwater and surface water, with a variety of state and federal agencies responsible for the regulation of the water resource. In accordance with agency rules, state, and federal law, the state's water treatment facilities utilize engineering, chemistry, science and technology to treat raw water from the environment to potable water standards and distribute it through water mains to homes, farms, business and industrial customers. Following use, wastewater is collected in collection and conveyance systems, decentralized sewer systems or septic tanks and treated in accordance with regulations at publicly owned treatment works (POTWs) before being discharged to the environment.

References

  1. "About the Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA)". Washington, D.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2016-08-08.
  2. "Enforcement Basic Information". EPA. 2016-08-04.
  3. United States. "Crimes and Criminal Procedure: Powers of Environmental Protection Agency." 18 U.S.C.   § 3063
  4. 1 2 "Criminal Enforcement: Special Agents". EPA. 2016-07-05.
  5. "Enforcement at Federal Facilities". EPA. 2016-02-01.
  6. "EPA Fugitives". Enforcement. EPA. 2016-04-19.