Comparative officer ranks of World War II

Last updated

The following table offers an approximate comparison for the officer ranks appointed by the major Allied powers, the major Axis powers and various occupied countries and co-belligerents during World War II.

Allies of World War II Grouping of the victorious countries of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945). The Allies promoted the alliance as a means to control German, Japanese and Italian aggression.

Axis powers Alliance of countries defeated in World War II

The Axis powers, also known as "Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis", were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allies. The Axis powers agreed on their opposition to the Allies, but did not completely coordinate their activity.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Contents

Table

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Empire
Army
[1]
British Army (1920-1953) OF-10.svg British Army (1920-1953) OF-9.svg British Army (1920-1953) OF-8.svg British Army (1920-1953) OF-7.svg British Army (1928-1953) OF-6.svg British Army (1920-1953) OF-5.svg British Army (1920-1953) OF-4.svg British Army (1920-1953) OF-3.svg British Army (1920-1953) OF-2.svg British Army (1920-1953) OF-1b.svg British Army (1920-1953) OF-1a.svg British Army (1920-1953) OF (D).svg
Field Marshal General Lieutenant-General Major-General Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Cadet
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Empire
Air Force
[1]
British RAF OF-10.svg British RAF OF-9.svg British RAF OF-8.svg British RAF OF-7.svg British RAF OF-6.svg British RAF OF-5.svg British RAF OF-4.svg British RAF OF-3.svg British RAF OF-2.svg British RAF OF-1b.svg British RAF OF-1a.svg UK-RAF-OFD.svg
Marshal of the RAF Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice-Marshal Air Commodore Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer
/Acting Pilot Officer
Officer Cadet
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg British Empire
Navy
[1]
British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-10.svg British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-9.svg British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-8.svg British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-7.svg British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-6.svg British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-5.svg British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-4.svg British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-3.svg British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-2.svg British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-1b.svg UK-Navy-OFD.svg UK-Navy-OFStudent.svg
Admiral of the Fleet Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant commander Lieutenant Sub lieutenant Midshipman Officer cadet
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Kingdom of Bulgaria
Army & Air Force
[2]
No equivalent
Rank insignia of General-leitenant of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of General-maior of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Brigaden general of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Polkovnik of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Podpolkovnik of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Maior of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Starshi leitenant of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Leitenant of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of mladshi leitenant of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Ofitserski kandidat of the Bulgarian Army.png No equivalent
General-pukovnikGeneral-leitenantGeneral-maiorPlukovníkPodplukovníkMaior Kapitan Starshy leytenantLeytenantMladsy Leytenant
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria.svg Kingdom of Bulgaria
Navy
No equivalent
None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg No equivalent
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Republic of China
Army & Air Force
[1]
18Lu Jun Te Ji Shang Jiang .png 17Lu Jun Yi Ji Shang Jiang .png 17Lu Jun Yi Ji Shang Jiang .png 15Lu Jun Zhong Jiang .png 14Lu Jun Shao Jiang .png No equivalent 13Lu Jun Shang Xiao .png 12Lu Jun Zhong Xiao .png 11Lu Jun Shao Xiao .png 10Lu Jun Shang Wei .png 09Lu Jun Zhong Wei .png 08Lu Jun Shao Wei .png 07Lu Jun Zhun Wei .png No equivalent
Generalissimo
特級上將
Colonel General
一級上將
General
二級上將
Lieutenant General
中將
Major General
少將
Colonel
上校
Lieutenant Colonel
中校
Major
少校
Captain
上尉
First Lieutenant
中尉
Second Lieutenant
少尉
Warrant Officer
准尉
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Republic of China
Navy
No equivalent Taiwan-navy-OF-9b.svg Taiwan-navy-OF-9a.svg Taiwan-navy-OF-8.svg Taiwan-navy-OF-7.svg No equivalent Taiwan-navy-OF-5.svg Taiwan-navy-OF-4.svg Taiwan-navy-OF-3.svg Taiwan-navy-OF-2.svg Taiwan-navy-OF-1b.svg Taiwan-navy-OF-1a.svg None.svg None.svg
General Admiral
一級上將
Admiral
二級上將
Vice admiral
中將
Rear admiral
少將
Captain
上校
Commander
中校
Lieutenant commander
少校
Lieutenant
上尉
Lieutenant (junior grade)
中尉
Ensign
少尉
Warrant Officer
准尉
Officer cadet
軍校生
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia
Army
No equivalent None.svg None.svg None.svg No equivalent None.svg None.svg None.svg CzArmy 2011 OF2-Kapitan shoulder.svg CzArmy 2011 OF1a-Nadporuchik shoulder.svg CzArmy 2011 OF1b-Poruchik shoulder.svg CzArmy 2011 OF1c-Podporucik shoulder.png No equivalent
Armádní generálDivizní generálBrigádní generálPlukovníkPodplukovník Major Kapitán Nadporučík Poručík Podporuchik
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark
Army
[3]
No equivalent Danish-Army-OF-9-M23.svg Danish-Army-OF-8-M23.svg Danish-Army-OF-7-M23.svg No equivalent Danish-Army-OF-5-M23.svg Danish-Army-OF-4-M23.svg No equivalent Danish-Army-OF-2b-M23.svg Danish-Army-OF-2a-M23.svg Danish-Army-OF-1b-M23.svg Danish-Army-OF-1a-M23.svg Danish-Army-OF-(D)-M23.svg
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløjtnant Kaptajn Kaptajnløjtnant Premierløjtnant Løjtnant Sekondløjtnant
Naval Ensign of Denmark.svg Denmark
Navy
[4]
No equivalent Denmark-Navy-OF-9 (1882-1951).svg Denmark-Navy-OF-8 (1880-1951).svg Denmark-Navy-OF-7 (1880-1951).svg No equivalent Generic-Navy-O7.svg Generic-Navy-O6.svg Generic-Navy-O5.svg Generic-Navy-O4.svg Generic-Navy-O3.svg Generic-Navy-O2.svg Generic-Navy-O1.svg
Admiral Viceadmiral Kontreadmiral Kommandør Kommandørkaptajn Orlogskaptajn Kaptajnløjtnant Søløjtnant I Løjtnant Søløjtnant II
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of Finland.svg Finland
Army & Air Force
[5]
Sotamarsalkka.svg Kenraaliluutnantti kauluslaatta.svg Kenraalimajuri kauluslaatta.svg Prikaatikenraali kauluslaatta.svg No equivalent FIN-eversti.svg FIN-everstiluutnantti.svg Majuri kauluslaatta.svg Kapteeni kauluslaatta.svg Yliluutnantti kauluslaatta.svg Luutnantti kauluslaatta.svg Vanrikki kauluslaatta.svg Upseerikokelas kauluslaatta.svg Upseerioppilas kauluslaatta.svg
Sotamarsalkka
Fältmarskalk
Kenraali
General
Kenraaliluutnantti
Generallöjtnant
Kenraalimajuri
Generalmajor
Eversti
Överste
Everstiluutnantti
Överstelöjtnant
Majuri
Major
Kapteeni
Kapten
Yliluutnantti
Premiärlöjtnant
Luutnantti
Löjtnant
Vänrikki
Fänrik
Upseerikokelas
Officersaspirant
Upseerioppilas
Officerselev
Military Flag of Finland.svg Finland
Navy
[5]
No equivalent Amiraali hihalaatta.svg Vara-amiraali hihalaatta.svg Kontra-amiraali hihalaatta.svg No equivalent Kommodori hihalaatta.svg Komentaja hihalaatta.svg Komentajakapteeni hihalaatta.svg Kapteeniluutnantti hihalaatta.svg Yliluutnantti l hihalaatta.svg Luutnantti l hihalaatta.svg Aliluutnantti hihalaatta.svg Upseerikokelas l hihalaatta.svg Upseerioppilas l hihalaatta.svg
Amiraali Vara-amiraali Kontra-amiraali Kommodori Komentaja Komentajakapteeni Kapteeniluutnantti Yliluutnantti Luutnantti Aliluutnantti UpseerikokelasUpseerioppilas
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of Free France (1940-1944).svg France
Army & Air Force

[1]
Army-FRA-OF-10.svg Army-FRA-OF-09.svg Army-FRA-OF-08.svg Army-FRA-OF-07.svg Army-FRA-OF-06.svg Army-FRA-OF-05.svg Army-FRA-OF-04.svg Army-FRA-OF-03.svg Army-FRA-OF-02.svg Army-FRA-OF-01a.svg Army-FRA-OF-01b.svg Army-FRA-OF-01c.svg Army-FRA-OF-00.svg
Maréchal de France Général d'armée Général de corps d'armée Général de division Général de brigade Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-Lieutenant Aspirant Élève-officier
Naval Ensign of Free France.svg France
Navy
[1]
French Navy NG-OF10.svg None.svg French Navy-Rama NG-OF9.svg French Navy-Rama NG-OF8.svg French Navy-Rama NG-OF7.svg French Navy-Rama NG-OF6.svg French Navy-Rama NG-OF5.svg French Navy-Rama NG-OF4.svg French Navy-Rama NG-OF3.svg French Navy-Rama NG-OF2.svg French Navy-Rama NG-OF1b.svg French Navy-Rama NG-OF1.svg French Navy NG-aspirant.svg French Navy NG-oe.svg
Amiral de France Amiral de la FlotteAmiralVice-amiral d'escadreVice-amiralContre-amiralCapitaine de vaisseauCapitaine de frégateCapitaine de corvetteLieutenant de vaisseauEnseigne de vaisseau de 1re classeEnseigne de vaisseau de 2e classeAspirantÉlève-officier
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of Germany (1935-1945).svg Nazi Germany
Army & Air Force
[6]
Luftwaffe Reichsmarschall.svg GenFeldmarschall until 1945 (Wehrmacht).svg Generaloberst (Wehrmacht) 5.svg General (Wehrmacht).svg Generalleutnant (Wehrmacht) 2.svg Wehrmacht Generalmajor.svg Insignia Wehrmacht Heer Colonel 1.svg Insignia Wehrmacht Heer LtColonel 1.svg Insignia Wehrmacht Heer Major 1.svg Insignia Wehrmacht Heer Captain 1.svg Insignia Wehrmacht Heer Oberleutnant 1.svg Insignia Wehrmacht Heer Leutnant 1.svg Offiziere Litzen Field.svg Unteroffizier Litzen und Tresse 1938.svg Mannschaft Litzen 1938.svg
Reichsmarschall General-feldmarschall Generaloberst General der Waffengattung Generalleutnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstleutnant Major Hauptmann Oberleutnant Leutnant Oberfähnrich Fähnrich Fahnenjunker
War ensign of Germany (1938-1945).svg Nazi Germany
Navy
Kriegsmarine-Grossadmiral.svg Kriegsmarine-Admiral.svg Kriegsmarine-Admiral.svg Kriegsmarine-Vizeadmiral.svg Kriegsmarine-Konteradmiral.svg Kriegsmarine-Kommodore.svg Kriegsmarine-Kapitan zur See.svg Kriegsmarine-Fregattenkapitan.svg Kriegsmarine-Korvettenkapitan.svg Kriegsmarine-Kapitanleutnant.svg Kriegsmarine-Oberleutnant zur See.svg Kriegsmarine-Leutnant zur See.svg Kriegsmarine-Oberfahnrich zur See.svg
Kriegsmarine-Offiziersanwarter.svg
Großadmiral Generaladmiral Admiral Vizeadmiral Konteradmiral Kommodore Kapitän zur See Fregatten-
kapitän
Korvetten-
kapitän
Kapitän-
leutnant
Oberleutnant
zur See
Leutnant
zur See
Oberfähnrich
zur See
Fähnrich
zur See
Seekadett Offiziersanwärter
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of Greece (1822-1978).svg Kingdom of Greece
Army
GR-Army-OF10 (1937).svg GR-Army-OF9-1937.svg GR-Army-OF8-1937.svg GR-Army-OF7-1937.svg No equivalent GR-Army-OF5-1937.svg GR-Army-OF4-1937.svg GR-Army-OF3-1937.svg GR-Army-OF2-1937.svg GR-Army-OF1a-1937.svg GR-Army-OF1b-1937.svg British Army (1920-1953) OF (D).svg
Field Marshal General Lieutenant-General Major-General Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Cadet
Flag of Greece (1822-1978).svg Kingdom of Greece
Air Force
Royal Hellenic Air Force OF-10.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-9.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-8.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-7.svg No equivalent Hellenic Air Force OF-5.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-4.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-3.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-2.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-1A.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-1B.svg No equivalent
Marshal of the air force Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice-Marshal Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer
/Acting Pilot Officer
Naval Ensign of Kingdom of Greece.svg Kingdom of Greece
Navy
GR-RNavy-OF10-sleeve.svg RHN-OF9-sleeve (WWI).svg RHN-OF8-sleeve (WWI).svg GR-Navy-OF7-sleeve.svg No equivalent GR-Navy-OF5-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF4-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF3-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF2-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF1b-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF1-sleeve.svg UK-Navy-OFStudent.svg
Admiral of the Fleet Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Captain Commander Lieutenant commander Lieutenant Sub lieutenant Midshipman Officer cadet
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of Japan.svg Imperial Japan
Army & Air Force
Generalissimo collar rank insignia (Japan).png Di Guo Lu Jun noJie Ji --Jin Zhang --Da Jiang .svg Di Guo Lu Jun noJie Ji --Jin Zhang --Da Jiang .svg Di Guo Lu Jun noJie Ji --Jin Zhang --Zhong Jiang .svg Di Guo Lu Jun noJie Ji --Jin Zhang --Shao Jiang .svg No equivalent Di Guo Lu Jun noJie Ji --Jin Zhang --Da Zuo .svg Di Guo Lu Jun noJie Ji --Jin Zhang --Zhong Zuo .svg Di Guo Lu Jun noJie Ji --Jin Zhang --Shao Zuo .svg Di Guo Lu Jun noJie Ji --Jin Zhang --Da Wei .svg Di Guo Lu Jun noJie Ji --Jin Zhang --Zhong Wei .svg Di Guo Lu Jun noJie Ji --Jin Zhang --Shao Wei .svg Di Guo Lu Jun noJie Ji --Jin Zhang --Zhun Wei .svg No equivalent
Daigensui-Rikugun-Taishō
大元帥陸軍大将
Gensui-Rikugun-Taishō
元帥陸軍大将
Rikugun-Taishō
陸軍大将
Rikugun-Chūjō
陸軍中将
Rikugun-Shōshō
陸軍少将
Rikugun-Taisa
陸軍大佐
Rikugun-Chūsa
陸軍中佐
Rikugun-Shōsa
陸軍少佐
Rikugun-Tai-i
陸軍大尉
Rikugun-Chūi
陸軍中尉
Rikugun-Shōi
陸軍少尉
Jun-i
准尉
Naval Ensign of Japan.svg Imperial Japan
Navy
[7]
Imperial Japan-Navy-OF-10-sleeve.svg Imperial Japan-Navy-OF-9-sleeve.svg Imperial Japan-Navy-OF-9-sleeve.svg Imperial Japan-Navy-OF-8-sleeve.svg Imperial Japan-Navy-OF-7-sleeve.svg No equivalent Imperial Japan-Navy-OF-5-sleeve.svg Imperial Japan-Navy-OF-4-sleeve.svg Imperial Japan-Navy-OF-3-sleeve.svg Imperial Japan-Navy-OF-2-sleeve.svg Imperial Japan-Navy-OF-1b-sleeve.svg Imperial Japan-Navy-OF-1a-sleeve.svg OR-9 Kaigun Jun'i (cuff).png OF-D Kaigun Shoi Kohosei (cuff).png
Daigensui-Kaigun-Taishō
大元帥海軍大将
Gensui-kaigun-Taishō
元帥海軍大将
Kaigun-Taishō
海軍大将
Kaigun-Chūjō
海軍中将
Kaigun-Shōshō
海軍少将
Kaigun-Daisa
海軍大佐
Kaigun-Chūsa
海軍中佐
Kaigun-Shōsa
海軍少佐
Kaigun-Dai-i
海軍大尉
Kaigun-Chūi
海軍中尉
Kaigun-Shōi
海軍少尉
Hēsōchō
兵曹長
Kaigun shōi kōhosei
海軍少尉候補生
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy
Army
Rank insignia of primo maresciallo dell'impero of the Italian Army (1940).png Italy-Army-WW2-OF-10.svg Italy-Army-WW2-OF-9b.svg Italy-Army-WW2-OF-9a.svg Italy-Army-WW2-OF-8.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg Italy-Army-WW2-OF-5a.svg Italy-Army-WW2-OF-4.svg Italy-Army-WW2-OF-3.svg None.svg Italy-Army-WW2-OF-2a.svg None.svg Italy-Army-WW2-OF-1b.svg Italy-Army-WW2-OF-1a.svg None.svg
Primo maresciallo dell'Impero Maresciallo d'Italia Generale d'ArmataGenerale designato d'ArmataGenerale di Corpo d'ArmataGenerale di DivisioneGenerale di BrigataColonnello ComandanteColonnelloTenente ColonnelloMaggiorePrimo capitanoCapitanoPrimo TenenteTenenteSottotenenteAspirante
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy
Air Force
IT-Airforce-OF-10.png IT-Airforce-OF-9.png RA-Generale designato di armata aerea.png RA-Generale di squadra aerea.png IT-Airforce-OF-8.png IT-Airforce-OF-7.png IT-Airforce-OF-5.png IT-Airforce-OF-4.png IT-Airforce-OF-3.png IT-Airforce-OF3s.png IT-Airforce-OF3.png IT-Airforce-OF2.png IT-Airforce-OF1.png None.svg
Maresciallo dell'AriaGenerale d'Armata AereaGenerale designato d'Armata AereaGenerale di Corpo d'Armata AereaGenerale di Divisione AereaGenerale di Brigata AereaColonnelloTenente ColonnelloMaggiorePrimo CapitanoCapitanoTenenteSottotenenteAspirante
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy
Navy
Rank insignia of grande ammiraglio of the Regia Marina (1936).svg Rank insignia of ammiraglio d'armata of the Regia Marina (1936).svg Rank insignia of ammiraglio designato d'armata of the Regia Marina (1936).svg Rank insignia of ammiraglio di squadra of the Regia Marina (1936).svg Rank insignia of ammiraglio di divisione of the Regia Marina (1936).svg Rank insignia of contrammiraglio of the Regia Marina (1936).svg Rank insignia of capitano di vascello of the Regia Marina (1936).svg Rank insignia of capitano di fregata of the Regia Marina (1936).svg Rank insignia of capitano di corvetta of the Regia Marina (1936).svg Rank insignia of primo tenente di vascello of the Regia Marina (1936).svg Rank insignia of tenente di vascello of the Regia Marina (1936).svg Rank insignia of sottotenente di vascello of the Regia Marina (1936).svg Rank insignia of guardiamarina of the Regia Marina (1936).svg Shoulder boards of aspirante of the Regia Marina (1936).svg
Grande ammiraglioAmmiraglio d'armataAmmiraglio designato d'armataAmmiraglio di SquadraAmmiraglio di DivisioneContrammiraglioCapitano di VascelloCapitano di FregataCapitano di CorvettaPrimo Tenente di VascelloTenente di VascelloSottotenente di VascelloGuardiamarinaAspirante Guardiamarina
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of Manchukuo.svg Manchukuo
Army
Manchukuo-Army-OF-10.svg Manchukuo-Army-OF-9.svg Manchukuo-Army-OF-8.svg Manchukuo-Army-OF-7.svg No equivalent Manchukuo-Army-OF-5.svg Manchukuo-Army-OF-4.svg Manchukuo-Army-OF-3.svg Manchukuo-Army-OF-2.svg Manchukuo-Army-OF-1c.svg Manchukuo-Army-OF-1b.svg Manchukuo-Army-OF-1a.svg
General of the Army
總司令
Army General
上將
Lieutenant General
中將
Major General
少將
Colonel
上校
Lieutenant Colonel
中校
Major
少校
Captain
上尉
First Lieutenant
中尉
Second Lieutenant
少尉
Warrant Officer
准尉
War Ensign of Manchukuo.svg Manchukuo
Navy
No equivalent Manchukuo-Navy-OF-9.svg Manchukuo-Navy-OF-8.svg Manchukuo-Navy-OF-7.svg No equivalent Manchukuo-Navy-OF-5.svg Manchukuo-Navy-OF-4.svg Manchukuo-Navy-OF-3.svg Manchukuo-Navy-OF-2.svg Manchukuo-Navy-OF-1b.svg Manchukuo-Navy-OF-1a.svg
Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Sub-Lieutenant Acting Sub-Lieutenant
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of the Mengjiang.svg Mengjiang
Army
No equivalent Mengjiang-Army-OF-9.svg Mengjiang-Army-OF-8.svg Mengjiang-Army-OF-7.svg No equivalent Mengjiang-Army-OF-5.svg Mengjiang-Army-OF-4.svg Mengjiang-Army-OF-3.svg Mengjiang-Army-OF-2.svg Mengjiang-Army-OF-1c.svg Mengjiang-Army-OF-1b.svg Mengjiang-Army-OF-1a.svg No equivalent
General
上将
Lieutenant General
中将
Major General
少将
Colonel
上校
Lieutenant-colonel
中校
Major
少校
Captain
上尉
Lieutenant
中尉
Junior Lieutenant
少尉
Warrant Officer
准尉
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of Norway.svg Norway
Army
No equivalent None.svg None.svg None.svg No equivalent None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg No equivalent
GeneralGeneralløjtnantGeneralmajorOberstOberstløitnantMajorKaptein/
Rittmester
PremierløitnantSekondløitnant
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of Poland.svg Poland
Army & Air Force
[1]
Poland-Army-OF-10 (1943-1949).svg Poland-Army-OF-09 (1943-1949).svg Poland-Army-OF-08 (1943-1949).svg Poland-Army-OF-07 (1943-1949).svg No equivalent Poland-Army-OF-05 (1943-1949).svg Poland-Army-OF-04 (1943-1949).svg Poland-Army-OF-03 (1943-1949).svg Poland-Army-OF-02 (1943-1949).svg Poland-Army-OF-01c (1943-1949).svg Poland-Army-OF-01b (1943-1949).svg Poland-Army-OF-01a (1943-1949).svg No equivalent
Marszałek Polski Generał broni Generał dywizji Generał brygady Pułkownik Podpułkownik Major Kapitan [note 1] Porucznik Podporucznik Chorąży
Naval Ensign of Poland.svg Poland
Navy
[1]
Poland-Army-OF-10 (1943-1949).svg POL PMW pagon1 admiral.svg POL PMW pagon1 wiceadmiral.svg POL PMW pagon1 kontradmiral.svg No equivalent POL PMW pagon1 komandor.svg POL PMW pagon1 komandor porucznik.svg POL PMW pagon1 komandor podporucznik.svg POL PMW pagon1 kapitan marynarki.svg POL PMW pagon1 porucznik marynarki.svg POL PMW pagon1 podporucznik marynarki.svg None.svg Various
Marszałek Polski Admirał Wiceadmirał Kontradmirał Komandor Komandor porucznik Komandor podporucznik Kapitan marynarki Porucznik marynarki Podporucznik marynarki Chorąży marynarki Podchorąży
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of the United States.svg USA
Army & Air Force
[1]
General of Armies insignia.svg US-O11 insignia.svg US-O10 insignia.svg US-O9 insignia.svg US-O8 insignia.svg US-O7 insignia.svg US-O6 insignia.svg US-O5 insignia.svg US-O4 insignia.svg US-O3 insignia.svg US-O2 insignia.svg US-O1 insignia.svg Various
General of the Armies [note 2] General of the Army General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Candidate Officer Cadet
Flag of the United States.svg USA
Navy
[1]
Blank.png
US Admiral of Navy insignia.svg
US Navy O11 insignia.svg US Navy O10 insignia.svg US Navy O9 insignia.svg US Navy O8 insignia.svg US Navy O7 insignia.svg US Navy O6 insignia.svg US Navy O5 insignia.svg US Navy O4 insignia.svg US Navy O3 insignia.svg US Navy O2 insignia.svg US Navy O1 insignia.svg Various
Admiral of the Navy [note 2] Fleet Admiral Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore [note 3] Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Lieutenant (junior grade) Ensign Midshipman/Officer Candidate
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg USSR
Army & Air Force
[1]
Rank insignia of generalissimus Sovetskogo Soiuza.svg CCCP-Army-OF-10 (1943-1955)-Field.svg
CCCP-Army-OF-9b (1943-1955)-Field.svg CCCP-Army-OF-9a (1943-1955)-Field.svg CCCP-Army-OF-09 (1943-1955)-Field.svg
Glavny marshal roda voysk Marshal roda voysk General armii
CCCP-Army-OF-08 (1943-1955)-Field.svg CCCP-Army-OF-07 (1943-1955)-Field.svg CCCP-Army-OF-06 (1943-1955)-Field.svg CCCP-Army-OF-05 (1943-1955)-Field.svg CCCP-Army-OF-04 (1943-1955)-Field.svg CCCP-Army-OF-03 (1943-1955)-Field.svg CCCP-Army-OF-02 (1943-1955)-Field.svg CCCP-Army-OF-01c (1943-1955)-Field.svg CCCP-Army-OF-01b (1943-1955)-Field.svg CCCP-Army-OF-01a (1943-1955)-Field.svg
Generalissimus Sovétskogo Soyuza [note 4] Marshal Sovétskogo Soyuza Generál-Polkóvnik Generál-Leytenánt Generál-Mayór Polkóvnik Podpolkóvnik Mayór Kapitán Stárshiy leytenánt Leytenánt Mládshiy leytenánt
Naval Ensign of the Soviet Union.svg USSR
Navy
[1]
No equivalent UdSSR Navy 1943-1955 OF9 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1955-1991 OF8 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1955-1991 OF7 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1955-1991 OF6 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1955-1991 OF5 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1955-1991 OF4 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1955-1991 OF3 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1955-1991 OF2 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1955-1991 OF1a insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1955-1991 OF1b insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1955-1991 OF1c insignia.svg
Admiral of the fleet
Адмирал флота [note 5]
Admiral
Адмирал
Vice Admiral
Вице-адмирал
Rear admiral
Контр-адмирал
Captain 1st rank
Капитан 1-го ранга
Captain 2nd rank
Капитан 2-го ранга
Captain 3rd rank
Капитан 3-го ранга
Captain Lieutenant
Капитан-лейтенант
Senior lieutenant
Старший лейтенант
Lieutenant
Лейтенант
Junior lieutenant
Младший лейтенант
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of Yugoslavia (1918-1943).svg Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(before 1943)
Army

[8]
SrpskiCinovi18.PNG OF-9, OF-8 Armijski djeneral 1918-1945.png OF-7 Divizijski djeneral 1918-1945.PNG OF-6 Brigadni djeneral 1918-1945.PNG No equivalent OF-5 Pukovnik 1908-1945.PNG OF-4 Potpukovnik 1908-1945.PNG OF-3 Major 1908-1945.PNG OF-2A Kapetan I klase 1908-1945.PNG OF-2B Kapetan II klase 1908-1945.PNG OF-1A Porucnik 1908-1945.PNG OF-1B Potporucnik 1908-1945.PNG
Vojvoda
Војвода
Army general
Армијски генерал
Divisional General
Дивизијски генерал
Brigadier General
Бригадни генерал
Colonel
Пуковник
Lieutenant Colonel
Потпуковник
Major
Мајор
Captain First Class
Капетан Прве Класе
Captain Second Class
Капетан Друге Класе
Lieutenant
Поручник
Sub-Lieutenant
Потпоручник
Flag of Yugoslavia (1918-1943).svg Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(before 1943)
Air Force

[8]
No equivalent None.svg None.svg None.svg No equivalent None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg
Army general
Армијски генерал
Divisional General
Дивизијски генерал
Brigadier General
Бригадни генерал
Colonel
Пуковник
Lieutenant Colonel
Потпуковник
Major
Мајор
Captain First Class
Капетан Прве Класе
Captain Second Class
Капетан Друге Класе
Lieutenant
Поручник
Sub-Lieutenant
Потпоручник
Naval Ensign of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.svg Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(before 1943)
Navy

[8]
No equivalent Yugoslav Royal Navy OF8.svg Yugoslav Royal Navy OF7.svg Yugoslav Royal Navy OF6.svg No equivalent Generic-Navy-O11.svg Generic-Navy-O10.svg Generic-Navy-O9.svg Generic-Navy-O5.svg Generic-Navy-O4.svg Generic-Navy-O3.svg Generic-Navy-O1.svg
Admiral
Адмирал
Vice Admiral
Вице Адмирал
Counter Admiral
Контра Адмирал
Captain at sea
Капетан Бојног Брода
Frigate captain
Капетан Фрегате
Corvette captain
Капетан Корвете
Lieutenant
Поручник Бојног Брода Прве Класе
Lieutenant (junior grade)
Поручник Бојног Брода Друге Класе
Frigate captain
Поручник Фрегате
Corvette lieutenant
Поручник Корвете
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Yugoslav Partisans
(after 1943)
Army
Yugoslavia-Army-OF-10 (1943-1947).svg No equivalent Yugoslavia-Army-OF-8 (1943-1947).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OF-7 (1943-1947).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OF-6 (1943-1947).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OF-5 (1943-1947).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OF-4 (1943-1947).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OF-3 (1943-1947).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OF-2 (1943-1947).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OF-1b (1943-1947).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OF-1a (1943-1947).svg Yugoslavia-Army-OF-(D) (1943-1947).svg
Maršal Jugoslavije [note 6] General-pukovnikGeneral-lajtantGeneral-majorPukovnikPotpukovnikMajorKapetanPoručnikPotporučnikZastavnik
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) and student officer

Notes

  1. Traditionally captains of Polish cavalry held the rank of rotmistrz, a direct equivalent of the rank of kapitan in other branches of the military.
  2. 1 2 This rank was never awarded during the War.
  3. Reintroduced in 1943.
  4. This rank was only proposed and never used.
  5. Elevated to position equal to Marshal of the Soviet Union after 1944.
  6. This was the highest rank of (equivalent to Soviet Marshal) and simultaneously a Yugoslav honorific title.

See also

The following table shows comparative officer ranks of several Allied and Central powers during World War I. Not all combatant countries are shown in the table. For modern ranks refer to List of comparative military ranks. See also: Comparative officer ranks of World War II

The comparative ranks of Nazi Germany contrasts the ranks of the German Wehrmacht to a number of national-socialist organisations in Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945 in a synoptic table. Nazi organisations used a hierarchal structure, according to the so-called Führerprinzip, and were oriented in line with the rank order system of the Wehrmacht.

Related Research Articles

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Air commodore is a one-star rank and the most junior general rank of the air-officer which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force. The rank is also used by the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence such as Zimbabwe, and it is sometimes used as the English translation of an equivalent rank in countries which have a non-English air force-specific rank structure. The name of the rank is always the full phrase and is never shortened to Commodore, which is a rank in various naval forces.

Air Marshal is a three-star air-officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force. The rank is also used by the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence, including the Commonwealth, and it is sometimes used as the English translation of an equivalent rank in countries which have a non-English air force-specific rank structure.

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Flight Lieutenant is a junior commissioned air force rank that originated in the Royal Naval Air Service and is still used in the Royal Air Force and many other countries, especially in the Commonwealth. It is also sometimes used as the English translation of an equivalent rank in non-English-speaking countries, especially those with an air force-specific rank structure.

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Marshal of the Soviet Union was the highest military rank of the Soviet Union.

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Army general was a rank of the Soviet Union which was first established in June 1940 as a high rank for Red Army generals, inferior only to the marshal of the Soviet Union. In the following 51 years the Soviet Union created 133 generals of the army, 32 of whom were later promoted to the rank of marshal of the Soviet Union. It is a direct counterpart of the Russian Federation's "Army general" rank.

Army ranks and insignia of the Russian Federation

The Russian Federation inherited the ranks of the Soviet Union, although the insignia and uniform were altered slightly.

The following tables present the ranks of the Indian Army. These ranks generally correspond with those of Western militaries, and in particular reflect those of the British and Commonwealth armies. Traditional names for ranks are still used, as well as Western names.

Following the end of World War II in Asia, after the surrender of Japan, the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy were dissolved by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers during the occupation of Japan. The symbols below represent the ranks of the Japan Self-Defense Forces: the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force, the Japan Air Self-Defense Force, and the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force which have, since 1954, replaced the imperial military. The 1938–1945 Japanese military and naval ranks were phased out after World War II. The self-defense force breaks away from the Sino-centric tradition of non-branch-specified ranks, each JSDF rank with respect to each service carries a distinct Japanese title, although equivalent titles in different branches are still similar, differing only in the use of the morphemes riku (ground) for the army ranks, kai (maritime) for the naval ranks, and (air) for the aviation ranks.

Military ranks of the Soviet Union

The military ranks of the Soviet Union were those introduced after the October Revolution of 1917. At that time the Imperial Russian Table of Ranks was abolished, as were the privileges of the pre-Soviet Russian nobility.

Five-star rank

A five-star rank is a very senior military rank, first established in the United States in 1944, with a five-star general insignia, and corresponding ranks in other countries. The rank is that of the most senior operational military commanders, and within NATO's "standard rank scale" it is designated by the code OF-10.

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Ranks and rank insignia of the Soviet Armed Forces in the period 1943–1955 were characterised by a number of changes in the armed forces of the Soviet Union, including the reintroduction of rank insignia badges and the adoption of a number of higher ranks.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 DI (15 June 2015). "World War 2 Allied Officers Rank Insignia". Daily Infographics. Archived from the original on 17 October 2017. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  2. "Bulgarian Army/Air Force Insignia" . Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  3. "Danish Army Insignia" . Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  4. Balsved, Johnny (22 March 2008). "Distinktioner og gradstegn" [Rank Insignia]. Navalhistory.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  5. 1 2 "Finnish Insignia" . Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  6. CIA (24 August 1999). "Records Integration Title Book" (PDF). p. 18. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  7. Rosignoli, Guido (1980). Naval and Marine Badges and Insignia of World War 2. Blandford Colour Series. Link House, West Street, Poole, Dorset, BH15 1LL: Blandford Press Ltd. pp. 152–153.
  8. 1 2 3 u oruzanim snagama KJUG - Kraljevske Jugoslovenske vojske (KJUG) - Ranks of Royal Yugoslav Armed Forces of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia - Royal Yugoslav Armed Forces (RYAF).jpg File:Ranks of Royal Yugoslav Armed Forces.jpg