Bibliography of World War II

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This is a bibliography of works on World War II .



Nicholson Baker Novelist, essayist, non-fiction writer

Nicholson Baker is an American novelist and essayist. His fiction generally de-emphasizes narrative in favor of careful description and characterization. He often focuses on minute inspection of his characters' and narrators' stream of consciousness. Baker has written about poetry, literature, library systems, history, politics, time manipulation, youth, and sex. He has written about libraries getting rid of books and newspapers and created the American Newspaper Repository. He received a National Book Critics Circle Award in 2001 for his nonfiction book Double Fold: Libraries and the Assault on Paper and the International Hermann Hesse Prize (Germany) in 2014. Baker has also written about and edited Wikipedia. A pacifist, he has also written about the buildup to World War II.

Human Smoke: The Beginnings of World War II, the End of Civilization is a 2008 book by Nicholson Baker about World War II. It questions the commonly held belief that the Allies wanted to avoid the war at all costs but were forced into action by Adolf Hitler's aggression. It consists largely of official government transcripts, newspaper articles, and other documents from the time, with Baker only occasionally interjecting commentary. Baker cites documents that suggest that the leaders of the United States and the United Kingdom were provoking Germany and Japan into war and had ulterior motives for participating. He dedicates the book to American and British pacifists of the time who, he states in the book's epilogue, were right all along: “They failed, but they were right.”

Antony Beevor English military historian

Sir Antony James Beevor, is an English military historian. He has published several popular histories on the Second World War and the 20th century in general.



European theatre

Paul Addison is a British author and historian, specializing in the British experience in the Second World War and its effects on post-war society. Addison read for an undergraduate degree at Pembroke College, Oxford, before moving to Nuffield College, Oxford for postgraduate study. In 1967 after leaving Nuffield College, and a brief stint Lecturing at Pembroke College, Addison became a Lecturer at Edinburgh University and subsequently a Reader, for 23 years. He became an Endowment Fellow in 1990, and Directed the Centre for Second World War Studies from 1996 to 2005.

Angus Lindsay Ritchie Calder was a Scottish writer, historian, and poet. Initially studying English literature, he became increasingly interested in political history and wrote a landmark study on Britain during the Second World War in 1969 entitled The People's War. He subsequently wrote several other historical works but became increasingly interested in literature and poetry and worked primarily as a writer, though often holding a number of university teaching positions. A socialist, he was a prominent Scottish public intellectual during the 1970s and 1980s.

Norman Davies 20th and 21st-century British historian

Ivor Norman Richard Davies is a British-Polish historian noted for his publications on the history of Europe, Poland and the United Kingdom. He is a historian with special interest in Central and Eastern Europe. He is UNESCO Professor at the Jagiellonian University, professor emeritus at University College London, a visiting professor at the Collège d'Europe, and an honorary fellow at St Antony's College, Oxford. He was granted Polish citizenship in 2014.

Invasion of Poland

  • Böhler, Jochen. Auftakt zum Vernichtungskrieg: Die Wehrmacht in Polen 1939 [Prelude to the War of Extermination: The Wehrmacht in Poland, 1939]. Frankfurt am Main: Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, 2006.
  • Rossino, Alexander B. Hitler Strikes Poland: Blitzkrieg, Ideology, and Atrocity. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2003.
  • Zaloga, Steven, and Victory Madej. The Polish Campaign, 1939. New York: Hippocrene, 1991.
Jochen Böhler German historian

Jochen Böhlerlisten is a German historian, specializing in the military history of World War II, the Third Reich, the German occupation of Poland 1939–45, and the research on the perpetrators of the Holocaust. He is the recipient of several international awards.

Invasions of France and the Low Countries

André Beaufre French general

André Beaufre was a French Army officer and military strategist who attained the rank of Général d'Armée before his retirement in 1961.

Marc Bloch French historian and Resistance fighter

Marc Léopold Benjamin Bloch was a French historian. A founding member of the Annales School of French social history, he specialised in medieval history and published widely on Medieval France over the course of his career. As an academic, he worked at the University of Strasbourg, the University of Paris, and the University of Montpellier.

<i>Strange Defeat</i> book by Marc Bloch

Strange Defeat is a book written in the summer of 1940 by French historian Marc Bloch. The book was published in 1946; in the meanwhile, Bloch had been tortured and shot by the Gestapo in June 1944 for his participation in the French resistance. An English translation was published by W. W. Norton in 1968.

Battle of Britain

  • Addison, Paul and Jeremy Craig (eds.) Listening to Britain: Home Intelligence Reports on Britain's Finest Hour, May to September 1940. London: Bodley Head, 2010.
  • Bishop, Patrick. Fighter Boys: Saving Britain, 1940. London: Harper Perennial, 2004.
  • Deighton, Len. Fighter: The True Story of the Battle of Britain . London: Jonathan Cape, 1977.
  • Holland, James. The Battle of Britain: Five Months That Changed History, May–October 1940. New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 2012.
  • Morgan, David, and Mary Evans. The Battle for Britain: Citizenship and Ideology in the Second World War. New York: Routledge, 1993.
  • Overy, Richard. The Battle of Britain: The Myth and the Reality. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2002.
  • Todman, Daniel. Britain's War: Into Battle, 1937–1941. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Leonard Cyril Deighton is a British author. Deighton is considered one of the top three spy novelists of his time. In addition he is a highly acclaimed military historian, cookery writer, and graphic artist. The IPCRESS File (1962), his first novel, was an instant bestseller and broke the mould of thriller writing. The Sunday Times called him "the poet of the spy story". Deighton’s first protagonist – a nameless spy christened Harry Palmer in the films – was made famous worldwide in 1960s films starring Michael Caine.

Balkan Campaign

  • Beevor, Antony. Crete: The Battle and the Resistance. London: John Murray, 1991.

East African Campaign

North African Campaign

  • Atkinson, Rick. An Army at Dawn: The War in North Africa, 1942–1943. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 2002.
  • Levine, Alan J. The War Against Rommel’s Supply Lines, 1942–1943. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1999.

German-Soviet war (1941−45)

  • Adair, Paul. Hitler's Greatest Defeat: The Collapse of Army Group Centre, June 1944. London: Arms and Armour, 1994.
  • Baker, Lee. The Second World War on the Eastern Front. London: Pearson Longman, 2009.
  • Barber, John, and A. R. Dzeniskevich, eds. Life and Death in Besieged Leningrad, 1941–1944. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave, 2005.
  • Bartov, Omer. The Eastern Front 1941–1945: The Barbarisation of Warfare. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986.
  • Beevor, Antony. Stalingrad . London: Viking, 1998.
  • Bergstrom, Christer. Kursk: The Air Battle, July 1943. Hersham, UK: Classic Publications, 2007.
  • Boog, Horst, et al., eds. Germany and the Second World War. (Vol. 4 - The Attack on the Soviet Union). Oxford: Clarendon, 1998.
  • Boog, Horst, et al., eds. Germany and the Second World War. (Vol. 6 - The Global War). Oxford: Clarendon, 2001.
  • Citino, Robert M. Death of the Wehrmacht: The German Campaigns of 1942. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2007.
  • Craig, William. Enemy at the Gates: The Battle for Stalingrad. New York: Penguin Books, 1973.
  • Dibold, Hans. Doctor at Stalingrad. Littleton, CO: Aberdeen Publishing, 2001.
  • Duffy, Christopher. Red Storm on the Reich: The Soviet March on Germany, 1945. New York: Da Capo Press, 1993.
  • Dunn, Walter S. Soviet Blitzkrieg: The Battle for White Russia, 1944. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2000.
  • Einsiedel, Heinrich Graf von, and Joachim Wieder. Stalingrad: Memories and Reassessments. New York: Sterling Publishing, 1998.
  • Erickson, John. The Road to Stalingrad: Stalin's War with Germany (Vol. 1). Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1984.
  • Forczyk, Robert. Panther vs. T-34: Ukraine 1943. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2007.
  • Forczyk, Robert. Leningrad 1941–44: The Epic Siege. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2009.
  • Forczyk, Robert. Where Iron Crosses Grow: The Crimea 1941–44. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2014.
  • Fritz, Stephen G. Frontsoldaten: The German Soldier in World War II. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 1995.
  • Fritz, Stephen G. Ostkrieg: Hitler's War of Extermination in the East. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 2011.
  • Glantz, David M. and Jonathan House. When Titans Clashed: How the Red Army Stopped Hitler, Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1995.
  • Glantz, David M. and Jonathan House. The Battle of Kursk. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1999.
  • Glantz, David M. The Battle for Leningrad, 1941–1944. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2002.
  • Glantz, David M. and Jonathan House. To the Gates of Stalingrad: Soviet—German Combat Operations April to August 1942. Lawrence KS: University Press of Kansas, 2009.
  • Glantz, David M. and Jonathan House. Armageddon in Stalingrad: September to November 1942. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2009.
  • Glantz, David M. After Stalingrad: The Red Army's Winter Offensive 1942–1943. Oxford: Helion and Company, 2011.
  • Hartmann, Christian. Operation Barbarossa: Germany’s War in the East, 1941–1945. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.
  • Hayward, Joel. Stopped at Stalingrad: The Luftwaffe and Hitler's Defeat in the East, 1942–1943. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1998.
  • Healy, Mark. Zitadelle: The German Offensive Against the Kursk Salient 4–17 July 1943. The History Press, 2008.
  • Hellbeck, Jochen. Stalingrad: The City That Defeated The Third Reich. New York: PublicAffairs, 2015.
  • Hill, Alexander. The Red Army and the Second World War. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2017.
  • Jones, Michael K. Stalingrad: How the Red Army Survived the German Onslaught. Drexel Hill, PA: Casemate, 2007.
  • Kehrig, Manfred. Stalingrad. Stuttgart, Deutsche Verlags Anstalt, 1974.
  • Mawdsley, Evan. Thunder in the East: The Nazi-Soviet War, 1941–1945. London: Hodder Arnold, 2005.
  • Megargee, Geoffrey P. War of Annihilation: Combat and Genocide on the Eastern Front, 1941. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. 2006.
  • Müller, Rolf-Dieter and Gerd R. Ueberschär. Hitler’s War in the East, 1941–1945: A Critical Assessment . Oxford: Berghahn, 1997.
  • Niepold, Gerd. Battle for White Russia: The Destruction of Army Group Center, June 1944. London: Brassey’s Defense Publishers, 1987.
  • Raus, Erhard. Panzer Operations: The Eastern Front Memoir of General Raus, 1941–1945. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, 2003.
  • Reid, Anna. Leningrad: The Epic Siege of World War II, 1941–1944. New York: Walker & Co., 2012.
  • Reinhardt, Klaus. Moscow: The Turning Point. Oxford: Berg, 1992.
  • Roberts, Geoffrey. Victory at Stalingrad: The Battle that Changed History. New York: Longman, 2002.
  • Salisbury, Harrison E. The 900 Days: The Siege of Leningrad. London: Pan, 1969.
  • Seaton, Albert. The Russo-German War, 1941–1945. London: Arthur Barker, 1971.
  • Stahel, David. Operation Barbarossa and Germany’s Defeat in the East. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
  • Stahel, David. Kiev 1941: Hitler’s Battle for Supremacy in the East. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
  • Zetterling, Niklas, and Anders Frankson. Kursk 1943: A Statistical Analysis. London: Frank Cass, 2000.
  • Ziemke, Earl F. Stalingrad to Berlin: The German Defeat in the East. Washington, DC: Office of the Chief of Military History, U.S. Army, 1968.
  • Ziemke, Earl F., and Magna E. Bauer. Moscow to Stalingrad: Decision in the East. Washington, DC: Center of Military History, U.S. Army, 1987

Italian Campaign

  • Agarossi, Elena. A Nation Collapses: The Italian Surrender of 1943. Translated by Harvey Fergusson II. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
  • Atkinson, Rick. The Day of Battle: The War in Sicily and Italy, 1943–1944. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 2007.
  • Ellwood, David. Italy, 1943–1945. New York: Holmes and Meier, 1985.
  • Lamb, Richard. War in Italy 1943–1945: A Brutal Story. New York: St. Martin's, 1993.

Operation Bodyguard

Liberation of Europe

  • Ambrose, Stephen. Citizen Soldiers: The U.S. Army from the Normandy Beaches to the Bulge to the Surrender of Germany. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997.
  • Ambrose, Stephen. D-Day, June 6, 1944: The Climatic Battle of World War II. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994.
  • Ambrose, Stephen. Pegasus Bridge: June 6, 1944. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1985.
  • Atkinson, Rick. The Guns at Last Light: The War in Western Europe, 1944–1945. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 2013.
  • Balkokski, Joseph. Beyond the Beachhead: The 29th Infantry Division in Normandy. Mechanicsburg, Penn.: Stackpole Books, 1999.
  • Bédarida, François (ed.). Normandie 44, du débarquement à la libération [Normandy 44: Landing to the Liberation]. Paris: A. Michel, 1987.
  • Beevor, Antony. D-Day: The Battle for Normandy. London: Penguin, 2009.
  • Beevor, Antony. Ardennes 1944: Battle of the Bulge. London: Viking, 2015.
  • Belfield, Eversley, and Hubert Essame. The Battle for Normandy. Philadelphia: Dufour Editions, 1965.
  • Blumenson, Martin. Breakout and Pursuit. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Chief of Military History, Dept. of the Army, 1961. - First and Third United States Armies
  • Blumenson, Martin. The Battle of the Generals: The Untold Story of the Falaise Pocket - The Campaign That Should Have Won World War II. New York: William Morrow & Co., 1993.
  • Blumenson, Martin. The Duel for France, 1944. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1963.
  • Harding, Stephen. The Last Battle: When U.S. and German Soldiers Joined Forces in the Waning Hours of World War II in Europe. Boston: Da Capo Press, 2013. - Battle for Castle Itter
  • Hart, Russell A. Clash of Arms: How the Allies Won in Normandy. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2001.
  • Hastings, Max. Overlord: D-day and the Battlefor Normandy. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1984.
  • Keegan, John. Six Armies in Normandy. New York: Penguin Books, 1994.
  • Kershaw, Alex. The Longest Winter: The Battle of the Bulge and the Epic Story of World War II's Most Decorated Platoon. Boston: Da Capo Press, 2004.
  • Knox, MacGregor. Common Destiny: Dictatorship, Foreign Policy and War in Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
  • Mitcham Jr., Samuel W. The Desert Fox in Normandy: Rommel’s Defense of Fortress Europe. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1997.
  • Ryan, Cornelius. A Bridge Too Far . New York: Simon & Schuster, 1974. - Operation Market Garden
  • Ryan, Cornelius. The Longest Day . New York: Simon & Schuster, 1959. - Normandy landings

Battle of Berlin

Pacific theatre

Attack on Pearl Harbor

  • Beekman, Allan. Crisis: The Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor and Southeast Asia . Honolulu: Heritage Press, 1992.
  • Goldstein, Donald M., and Katherine V. Dillon, eds. The Pearl Harbor Papers: Inside the Japanese Plans. Washington, D.C.: Brassey's, 1993.
  • Hotta, Eri. Japan 1941: Countdown to Infamy. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2013.
  • Prange, Gordon W. At Dawn We Slept. McGraw-Hill, 1981.
  • Prange, Gordon W. Dec. 7, 1941: The Day the Japanese Attacked Pearl Harbor. McGraw-Hill, 1988.
  • Rosenberg, Emily S. A Date Which Will Live: Pearl Harbor in American Memory. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2005.
  • Zimm, Alan D. Attack on Pearl Harbor: Strategy, Combat, Myths, Deceptions. Philadelphia and Newbury: Casemate Publishers, 2011.

Battle of Midway

  • Parshall, Jonathan and Tully, Anthony. Shattered Sword: The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway. Dulles, VA: Potomac Books, 2005.
  • Prange, Gordon W. Miracle at Midway. McGraw-Hill, 1982.
  • Symonds, Craig L. The Battle of Midway. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Guadalcanal Campaign

  • Frank, Richard B. Guadalcanal. New York: Penguin Books, 1990.
  • Hornfischer, James D. Neptune's Inferno: The U.S. Navy at Guadalcanal. New York: Bantam, 2011.
  • Tregaskis, Richard. Guadalcanal Diary . New York: Random House, 1943.

Operation Hailstone

Battle of Iwo Jima

  • Albee Jr., Parker Bishop and Keller Cushing Freeman. Shadow of Suribachi: Raising the Flags on Iwo Jima. Westport, CT.: Praeger, 1995.

Battle of Okinawa

  • Feifer, George. Tennozan: The Battle of Okinawa and the Atomic Bomb. New York: Ticknor & Fields, 1992.
  • Spurr, Russell. A Glorious Way to Die: The Kamikaze Mission of the Battleship Yamato, April 1945. New York: Newmarket Press, 1981.

Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Strategic bombing

Biographies or autobiographies

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Adolf Hitler
William Lyon Mackenzie King
Pope Pius XII
Harry S. Truman


Occupational policies of Nazi Germany








Soviet Union

United Kingdom

United States



Home front


Nuremberg Trials

Related Research Articles

Operation Barbarossa 1941 German invasion of the Soviet Union during the Second World War

Operation Barbarossa was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II. The operation stemmed from Nazi Germany's ideological aims to conquer the western Soviet Union so that it could be repopulated by Germans (Lebensraum), to use Slavs as a slave labour force for the Axis war effort and to annihilate the rest according to Generalplan Ost, and to acquire the oil reserves of the Caucasus and the agricultural resources of Soviet territories.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Axis powers Alliance of countries defeated in World War II

The Axis powers, also known as "Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis", were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allies. The Axis powers agreed on their opposition to the Allies, but did not completely coordinate their activity.

Following the outbreak of World War II on 1 September 1939, the Kingdom of Romania under King Carol II officially adopted a position of neutrality. However, the rapidly changing situation in Europe during 1940, as well as domestic political upheaval, undermined this stance. Fascist political forces such as the Iron Guard rose in popularity and power, urging an alliance with Nazi Germany and its allies. As the military fortunes of Romania's two main guarantors of territorial integrity—France and Britain—crumbled in the Fall of France, the government of Romania turned to Germany in hopes of a similar guarantee, unaware that the then dominant European power had already granted its consent to Soviet territorial claims in a secret protocol of 1939's Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact.

European theatre of World War II Huge area of heavy fighting across Europe

The European theatre of World War II, also known as the Second European War, was a huge area of heavy fighting across Europe, starting with Germany's invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939 and ending with the Soviet Union conquering most of Eastern Europe and Germany’s unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945. The Allied powers fought the Axis powers on two major fronts as well as in a massive air war and in the adjoining Mediterranean and Middle East theatre.

Eastern Front (World War II) theatre of World War II - war between Germany and USSR 1941-1945

The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.), Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945. It has been known as the Great Patriotic War in the former Soviet Union and modern Russia, while in Germany it was called the Eastern Front, or the German-Soviet War by outside parties.

Causes of World War II Discussion of the causes of World War II

Among the causes of World War II were, to a greater extent, the political takeover in 1933 of Germany by Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party and its aggressive foreign policy, and to a lesser extent, Italian Fascism in the 1920s, and Japanese militarism preceding an invasion of China in the 1930s. The immediate cause was Germany invading Poland on September 1, 1939, and Britain and France declaring war on Germany on September 3, 1939.

Andreas Fritz Hillgruber was a conservative German historian. Hillgruber was influential as a military and diplomatic historian who played a leading role in the Historikerstreit of the 1980s.

Allies of World War II Grouping of the victorious countries of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the "United Nations" from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945). The Allies promoted the alliance as a means to control German, Japanese and Italian aggression.

Adolf Hitler Leader of Germany from 1934 to 1945

Adolf Hitler was a German politician and leader of the Nazi Party. He rose to power as Chancellor of Germany in 1933 and later Führer in 1934. During his dictatorship from 1933 to 1945, he initiated World War II in Europe by invading Poland in September 1939. He was closely involved in military operations throughout the war and was central to the perpetration of the Holocaust.

The Historiography of World War II is the study of how historians portray the causes, conduct, and outcomes of World War II.

German occupation of Byelorussia during World War II Come And See was inspired By this conflict

The occupation of Belarus by Nazi Germany started with the German invasion of the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941 and ended in August 1944 with the Soviet Operation Bagration. The western parts of the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic became part of the Reichskommissariat Ostland in 1941, but in 1943 the German authorities allowed local collaborators to set up a client state, the Belarusian Central Rada, that lasted until the Soviets liberated the region.

Gerhard Weinberg American military historian

Gerhard Ludwig Weinberg is a German-born American diplomatic and military historian noted for his studies in the history of World War II. Weinberg is the William Rand Kenan, Jr. Professor Emeritus of History at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He has been a member of the history faculty at UNC-Chapel Hill since 1974. Previously he served on the faculties of the University of Michigan (1959–1974) and the University of Kentucky (1957–1959).

Soviet invasion of Poland

The Soviet invasion of Poland was a military operation by the Soviet Union without a formal declaration of war. On 17 September 1939, the Soviet Union invaded Poland from the east, sixteen days after Germany invaded Poland from the west. Subsequent military operations lasted for the following 20 days and ended on 6 October 1939 with the two-way division and annexation of the entire territory of the Second Polish Republic by Germany and the Soviet Union. The Soviet invasion of Poland was secretly approved by Germany following the signing of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact on 23 August 1939.

German-occupied Europe European countries occupied by the military forces of Nazi Germany

German-occupied Europe refers to the sovereign countries of Europe which were occupied and civil occupied including puppet government by the military forces and the government of Nazi Germany at various times between 1939 and 1945, during and shortly before World War II, generally administered by the Nazi regime. The farthest east in Europe the German Wehrmacht managed to occupy was the town of Mozdok in the Soviet Union; the farthest north was the settlement of Barentsburg in the Kingdom of Norway; the farthest south in Europe was the island of Gavdos in the Kingdom of Greece; and the farthest west in Europe was the island of Ushant in the French Republic.

Martin Kitchen British born historian of Germany

Martin Kitchen is a British-Canadian historian, who has specialized in modern European history, with an emphasis on Germany. He is internationally regarded as a key author for the study of contemporary history.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to World War II:

<i>Wehrmacht</i> unified armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945

The Wehrmacht was the unified armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945. It consisted of the Heer (army), the Kriegsmarine (navy) and the Luftwaffe. The designation "Wehrmacht" replaced the previously used term Reichswehr, and was the manifestation of the Nazi regime's efforts to rearm Germany to a greater extent than the Treaty of Versailles permitted.

The diplomatic history of World War II includes the major foreign policies and interactions inside the opposing coalitions, the Allies of World War II and the Axis powers. The military history of the war is covered at World War II. The prewar diplomacy is covered in Causes of World War II and International relations (1919–1939).