Seaman (rank)

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Seaman (matelot) of the French frigate Jean Bart Jean-Bart seaman Bastille Day 2008.jpg
Seaman (matelot) of the French frigate Jean Bart

Seaman is a military rank used in many navies around the world. [1] It is considered a junior enlisted rank and, depending on the navy, it may be a single rank on its own or a name shared by several similarly junior ranks.

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In the Commonwealth, it is the lowest rank in the navy, while in the United States, it refers to the three lowest ranks of the U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard. The equivalent of the seaman is the matelot [2] in French-speaking countries, and Matrose in German-speaking countries.

Australia

The Royal Australian Navy features one seaman rank, which is split into two distinct classes. Seaman and seaman* (pronounced "seaman star"), to differentiate between those who have completed their employment training and those who are in training. There is no insignia on a seaman rank slide.

Canada

There are 4 grades of sailor (previously the term "seaman", until it was replaced with "sailor" in August 2020 [3] [4] )/matelot in the Royal Canadian Navy:

The rank of master sailor is unique because it was created only for the Canadian Navy. It does not follow the British tradition of other Canadian ranks. It corresponds to the rank of master corporal/caporal-chef.

France

Matelot 2e classe (seaman 2nd class), or apprentice seaman, and matelot breveté (able seaman) are designations of the French Navy. Matelots are colloquially known as "mousses".

Estonia

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Madrus

Madrus is the lowest rank in the Estonian Navy. It is equivalent to OR-1 in NATO

Germany

Shoulder board of a German seaman (matrose) MDS 11 Matrose 10 L.svg
Shoulder board of a German seaman (matrose)

The German rank of "seaman" (German : Matrose) is the lowest enlisted rank of the German Navy. [5] It is equivalent to OR1 in NATO and is a grade A3 in the pay rules of the Federal Ministry of Defence.

Greece

Badge of a Greek ordinary seaman (nautes) GR-Navy-Nautes.svg
Badge of a Greek ordinary seaman (ναύτης)

There is one grade of seaman in the Hellenic Navy.

Indonesia

In the Indonesian Navy, this rank is referred to as " kelasi ". There are three levels of this rank in the Indonesian Navy which are: "seaman recruit" (kelasi dua), "seaman apprentice" (kelasi satu), and "seaman" (kelasi kepala), the rating system thus mirrors the one used in the US Navy.

Italy

The Italian rank of "seaman" (Italian : comune di seconda classe) is the lowest enlisted rank of the Italian Navy equivalent in NATO to OR1.

Japan

See Military ranks and insignia of the Japan Self-Defense Forces

Russia

Shoulder board of a Russian seaman (matros) RAF N R1-Matros 2010-.svg
Shoulder board of a Russian seaman (matros)

Much Russian military vocabulary was imported, along with military advisers, from Germany in the 16th and 17th centuries. The Russian word for "seaman" or "sailor" (Russian : матрос; matros) was borrowed from the German "matrose". In Imperial Russia the most junior naval rank was "seaman 2nd class" (матрос 2-й статьи; matros vtoroi stati). Estonia (Estonian : mаdrus) and Latvia (Latvian : mаtrozis) use closely related loanwords.

The 1917 Revolution led to the term "Red Fleet man" (краснофлотец; krasnoflotets) until 1943, when the Soviet Navy reintroduced the term "seaman" (матрос; matros), along with badges of rank. The Russian Federation inherited the term in 1991, as did several other former Soviet republics, including Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Belarus, with Bulgaria using the same word and the same Cyrillic orthography.

United Kingdom

In the Royal Navy the rate is split into two divisions: AB1 and AB2. The AB2 rating is used for those who have not yet completed their professional taskbooks. The rate of ordinary seaman has been discontinued.

Malaysia

The Royal Malaysian Navy (RMN; Malay : Tentera Laut Diraja Malaysia; TLDM; Jawi: تنترا لاءوت دراج مليسيا) is the naval arm of the Malaysian Armed Forces. RMN is the main agency responsible for the country's maritime surveillance and defense operations. RMN's area of operation consists of 603,210 square kilometers covering the country's coastal areas and Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ). RMN also bears the responsibility of controlling the country's main Sea Lines of Communications (SLOC) such as the Straits of Malacca and the Straits of Singapore and also monitors national interests in areas with overlapping claims such as in Spratly.

United States

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Constructionman
variation

E3 FM USN.png
Fireman
variation

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Airman
variation

E3 SM USN.png
Seaman
insignia

A US Navy seaman at work aboard USS Nimitz U.S. Navy Seaman Recruit Donald Vines changes a light bulb in the fitness center aboard the aircraft carrier USS Nimitz (CVN 68) 130204-N-JC752-089.jpg
A US Navy seaman at work aboard USS Nimitz

Seaman is the third enlisted rank from the bottom in the U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard, ranking above seaman apprentice and below petty officer third class. This naval rank was formerly called seaman first class, such as Medal of Honor recipient James R. Ward. The rank is also used in United States Naval Sea Cadet Corps, a naval-themed uniformed youth program under the sponsorship of the Navy League of the United States.

The actual title and insignia for an E-3 varies based on the job rating to which the member will ultimately be assigned.

No such stripes for E-1, E-2 or E-3 are authorized to be worn on working uniforms, e.g., navy work uniform, USCG operational dress uniform, coveralls, utility wear, flight suits, hospital and clinic garb, diving suits, etc. However, sailors with the pay grade of E-2 or E-3 are permitted to wear silver-anodized collar devices on their service uniforms.

Some sailors and Coast Guardsmen receive a rating following completion of a military technical training course for that particular rating known as an "A" school. Other sailors and Coast Guardsmen who have completed the requirements to be assigned a rating and have been accepted by the Navy Personnel Command/Bureau of Naval Personnel (USN) or the Coast Guard Personnel Service Center Command (USCG) as holding that rating (a process called "striking") are called "designated strikers", and are referred to by their full rate and rating in formal communications (i.e., machinist's mate fireman (MMFN), as opposed to simply fireman (FN)), though the rating is often left off in informal communications. Those who have not officially been assigned to a rating are officially referred to as "undesignated" or "non-rates." Once selected for a particular rating of their choice they become eligible for advancement in that community.

Venezuela

Venezuelan insignia Distinguido.png
Venezuelan insignia

The rank is used by the National Bolivarian Armed Forces of Venezuela.

See also

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References

  1. A Guide to Merchant Navy Officer Ranks marineinsight.com. Retrieved 8 August 2021
  2. "U.S. Navy Enlisted Military Ranks | USN". Usamilitarybenefits.com. Retrieved 2013-10-02.
  3. "Royal Canadian Navy to replace term 'seaman' with gender-neutral 'sailor'". 27 August 2020.
  4. "From 'seaman' to 'sailor': The Royal Canadian Navy adopts gender-neutral titles | Kamloops This Week". Archived from the original on 2020-10-27. Retrieved 2020-08-27.
  5. Brockhaus. "Matrose". The Encyclopaedia in 24 volumes (1796–2001). Vol. 14: 3-7653-3674-2. p. 337.