Takoma Park, Maryland

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Takoma Park, Maryland
Takoma Park downtown.JPG
The intersection of Laurel and Carroll Avenues
Takoma Park md seal.png
Seal
Nickname(s): 
TKPK, "Berkeley of the East", "Azalea City"
Montgomery County Maryland Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Takoma Park Highlighted.svg
Location in the U.S. state of Maryland
Coordinates: 38°58′48″N77°0′8″W / 38.98000°N 77.00222°W / 38.98000; -77.00222 Coordinates: 38°58′48″N77°0′8″W / 38.98000°N 77.00222°W / 38.98000; -77.00222
Country Flag of the United States.svg United States
State Flag of Maryland.svg  Maryland
County Flag of Montgomery County, Maryland.svg Montgomery
Founded1883
Incorporated 1890
Government
  Type Municipal council-manager
   Mayor Kate Stewart
   City manager Suzanne Ludlow
Area
[1]
  Total2.09 sq mi (5.43 km2)
  Land2.09 sq mi (5.41 km2)
  Water0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
400 ft (121 m)
Population
 (2010) [2]
  Total16,715
  Estimate 
(2019) [3]
17,725
  Density8,480.86/sq mi (3,273.97/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Area code(s) 301 and 240
FIPS code 24-76650
GNIS feature ID0598146
Website http://www.takomaparkmd.gov/

Takoma Park is a city in Montgomery County, Maryland, United States. It is a suburb of Washington, and part of the Washington metropolitan area. Founded in 1883 and incorporated in 1890, Takoma Park, informally called "Azalea City", is a Tree City USA and a nuclear-free zone. A planned commuter suburb, it is situated along the Metropolitan Branch of the historic Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, just northeast of Washington, and it shares a border and history with the adjacent D.C. neighborhood of Takoma. It is governed by an elected mayor and six elected councilmembers, who form the city council, and an appointed city manager, under a council-manager style of government. The city's population was 16,715 at the 2010 national census. [4]

Contents

Since 2013, residents of Takoma Park can vote in municipal elections when they turn sixteen. [5] It was the first city in the United States to extend voting rights to 16- and 17-year-olds in city elections. [5] Since then, the City of Hyattsville has followed suit. [6]

History

19th century

Takoma Park was founded by Benjamin Franklin Gilbert in 1883. [7] It was one of the first planned Victorian commuter suburbs, [8] centered on the B&O railroad station in Takoma, D.C., and bore aspects of a spa and trolley park.

Takoma was originally the name of Mount Rainier, from Lushootseed [təqʷúbəʔ] (earlier *təqʷúməʔ), 'snow-covered mountain'. [9] In response to a wish of Gilbert, the name Takoma was chosen in 1883 by DC resident Ida Summy, who believed it to mean 'high up' or 'near heaven'. [10] The city of Tacoma in Washington state is also named after Mount Takhoma (Mount Rainier).

Gilbert's first purchase of land was in spring 1884 when he bought 100 acres (0.40 km2) of land from G.C. Grammar, which was known as Robert's Choice. [7] [11] This plot of land was located on both sides of the railroad station, roughly bounded by today's Sixth Street on the west, Aspen Street on the south, Willow Avenue on the east, and Takoma Avenue on the north. [7] At the time, much of the land was covered by thick forest, some of which was cleared away in order to lay out and grade streets and housing lots. [12] At its founding, most lots measured 50 by 200 feet (15 by 60 m) [12] and were sold for $327 to $653 per acre. [13] By August 1885, there were about 100 people living in Takoma Park, including temporary summer residents and year-round permanent residents. [12] Gilbert himself lived in a wooden house on a stone foundation, with 20 rooms and a 65-foot (20 m) tower. [12]

Gilbert purchased another plot of land in 1886. [14] The land was roughly bounded by Carroll Avenue to the Big Spring (now Takoma Junction) and what is now Woodland Avenue. [14] Gilbert named this land New Takoma. [14] Gilbert later purchased the Jones farm and the Naughton farm, which together he named North Takoma. [14] He also purchased land from Francis P. Blair, Richard L. T. Beale, and the Riggs family. [11]

Gilbert hired contractor Fred E. Dudley to build many of the homes in Takoma Park. One of the homes built by Dudley was the home of Cady Lee, [7] which still stands today at Piney Branch Road and Eastern Avenue. Dudley's son Wentworth was the first child born in Takoma Park. [7]

By 1888, there were 75 houses built in the community, [13] and the number increased to 235 homes by 1889. [14] In 1889, Gilbert purchased several acres of land along Sligo Creek from a physician in Boston named Dr. R.C. Flower, in order to build a sanitarium on the land. [15] By this point, Takoma Park stretched 1,500 acres (5 km2). [11]

The deed of each of the original houses prohibited alcohol from being made or sold on the property, [11] [13] [14] a prohibition that continued in the city until 1983. [16] Takoma Park incorporated as a town on April 3, 1890. [17] The first town election was held on May 5, 1890, and Gilbert was elected mayor and J. Vance Lewis, George H. Bailey, Daniel Smith, and Frederick J. Lung were elected to the town council. [18]

The Watkins Hotel was built in 1892. [19] A fire destroyed the town's recently built commercial district and the Watkins Hotel in 1893. [19] Gilbert's North Takoma Hotel was built later that year, advertising the pure spring water nearby its 160 rooms. [19]

Many of the streets were originally known as avenues. [14] When the Commissioners of the District of Columbia mandated a District-wide street-naming system, those on the District side were renamed streets but retained their names otherwise. [14] Other streets in Takoma, D.C., were renamed entirely. Susquehanna Avenue became Whittier Street. Tahoe Street was renamed Aspen Street. Umatilla Street became Aspen Street. Vermilion Street became Cedar Street. Wabash Street was renamed Dahlia Street. Aspin became Elder Street. Magnolia Street became Eastern Avenue. [20]

Takoma Park Seventh-day Adventist Church Takoma Park Seventh-day Adventist Church.JPG
Takoma Park Seventh-day Adventist Church

Early 20th century

In 1904, the Seventh-day Adventist Church purchased five acres of land in Takoma Park along Carroll Avenue, Laurel Avenue, and Willow Avenue. [21] The land was located on both sides of the Maryland-District of Columbia border. [21] The land was intended for a church, office building, printer, and residences for prominent members of the church. [21] In 1903, the Seventh-day Adventist Church decided to move their headquarters to the Washington area after its headquarters' publishing house in Battle Creek, Michigan, had burned to the ground. [22] The church decided that moving to a more urban setting would be a more appropriate place from which to increase the church's presence in the southern states. [23] The church purchased fifty acres of land along Sligo Creek in Takoma Park to build the new headquarters. [24] The land was away from downtown Washington and had clean water available from a natural spring located at present-day Spring Park. [25] For many decades Takoma Park served as the world headquarters of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, [26] until it moved to northern Silver Spring in 1989. [25]

In 1908, North Takoma Hotel was bought by Louis Denton Bliss, who turned it into Bliss Electrical School. [19] Months later, a fire destroyed the building, and Bliss rebuilt the school at another site. [19] The school was eventually bought by Montgomery County where it became the site of Montgomery College's Takoma Park/Silver Spring campus. [19]

Mid 20th century

In 1964, an inside-the-Capital-Beltway extension of Interstate 70S, also known as the North Central Freeway, was proposed via a route known as "Option #11 Railroad Sligo East," up to 14 mile parallel to the B&O railroad upon a swath of land displacing 471 houses, that would have cut the city in two. In the mid-to-late 1960s, the future Mayor and civil rights activist Sammie Abbott led a campaign to halt freeway construction and replace it with a Metrorail line to the site of the former train station, and worked with other neighborhood groups to halt plans for a wider system of freeways going into and out of DC. [27]

This controversy also raised the profile of Takoma Park at a time in the late 1960s and 1970s when it was becoming noted regionally and nationally for political activism outside the Nation's capital, with newspaper commentators describing it as "The People's Republic of Takoma Park" or "The Berkeley of the East". [28] This era of activism extended into the 1980s, when Takoma Park declared itself a Nuclear-free zone and a sanctuary for Salvadoran and Guatemalan refugees. [29]

Much of the old town Takoma Park was incorporated into the Takoma Park Historic District; listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976. [30]

Late 20th and early 21st century

Before 1995, the eastern boundary of the city of Takoma Park was in Prince George's County, Maryland, causing the community to be divided across two counties and the Maryland/D.C. line (where the original downtown area is located). For several years, Takoma Park lobbied the State of Maryland for legislation allowing county boundaries to be adjusted. The State finally agreed to this change, with the stipulation that cross-county municipalities would no longer be allowed; the new municipal boundary would forever remain within the county of its choosing. In August 1995, after passage of the law, the city held a public referendum asking registered voters living in three Prince George's County neighborhoods north of New Hampshire Avenue whether they wanted to be annexed to the city of Takoma Park. There was a majority of votes, 219 out of 313, in favor of annexation to the city. [31]

In November 1995, the state-sponsored referendum was held asking whether the portions of the city in Prince George's County should be annexed to Montgomery County, or vice versa. The majority of votes in the referendum were in favor of unification of the entire city in Montgomery County. [32] Following subsequent approval by both counties' councils and the Maryland General Assembly, the county line was moved to include the entire city into Montgomery County (including territory in Prince George's County newly annexed by the city) on July 1, 1997. [33] This process became known as Unification. [34]

The city experienced substantial gentrification in the 1990s and early 2000s (decade), with many houses containing apartments converted back into single-family homes. This process was encouraged by an M-NCPPC "phase back", effectively eliminating scattered-site multifamily housing and implementing single-use zoning in a majority of city neighborhoods. Nearly half of the city's population are tenants, 47.2% according to the Census Bureau's 2019 population estimate [35] , many of whom live in a cluster of high-rise and mid-rise apartment buildings surrounding Sligo Creek, which cuts a deep valley through the community.

In 2018, the City of Takoma Park proposed renaming streets that were named after generals who fought on either side in the United States Civil War, namely Grant Avenue, Lee Avenue, Sherman Avenue, Sheridan Avenue, and Jackson Avenue. [36]

Geography

Map Takoma Park Maryland.png
Map

Takoma Park sits on the edge of the Mid-Atlantic fall line and is thus quite hilly, with many narrow, gridded streets. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.09 square miles (5.41 km2), of which, 2.08 square miles (5.39 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water. [37] Sligo Creek and Long Branch (both tributaries of the Northwest Branch of the Anacostia River) flow through the area. Sligo Creek Park and the 9-mile (14 km) Sligo Creek Trail bisect the area. The main street, Carroll Avenue, and the main state highway, Route 410/East West Highway, narrow to two lanes within city limits. Takoma Park has an extensive hardwood tree canopy which is protected by local ordinance.

Takoma Park is bounded by downtown Silver Spring, a major urban center to the northwest, by Montgomery College campus; East Silver Spring, a community of houses, apartments and small shops, along Flower Avenue and Piney Branch Road, to the north; Langley Park, a community of apartments and shopping centers, along University Boulevard to the northeast; Chillum, in Prince George's County to the southeast, bounded by New Hampshire Avenue, a state highway; and Takoma to the southwest, separated by Eastern Avenue, which follows the District of Columbia line.

The corner of Eastern and Carroll Avenues roughly marks the center of the old commercial district. Other town centers include: "Takoma Junction", the corner of Carroll Avenue and Route 410 in the geographic center of town, home to the city's large food co-op; Takoma-Langley Crossroads in downtown Langley Park, and the Flower shopping district, both of which are home to many immigrant-owned establishments. Takoma Park's municipal center is located at the corner of Maple Avenue and Route 410. Washington Adventist University marks the corner of Carroll and Flower Avenues.

Neighborhoods by ward

Welcome sign Takoma Park sign.JPG
Welcome sign

Takoma Park has many small neighborhoods. There are approximately fifty neighborhood listservs. [38]

Takoma Avenue Historic District

The Takoma Avenue Historic District is a national historic district. All five houses were constructed in 1951, are identical in their layout and construction, and were designed by Charles M. Goodman.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 164
1900 756361.0%
1910 1,24264.3%
1920 3,168155.1%
1930 6,415102.5%
1940 8,93839.3%
1950 13,34149.3%
1960 16,79925.9%
1970 18,50710.2%
1980 16,231−12.3%
1990 16,7002.9%
2000 17,2993.6%
2010 16,715−3.4%
2019 (est.)17,725 [3] 6.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [41]

2014 census estimate

The United States Census Bureau estimated Takoma Park's population to be 17,670 in 2014. [42]

2013 census estimate

Fifty-two percent of working residents age 16 or older use public transportation, use a carpool, walk to work, or work at home. [43] The average commuting time is 38 minutes. [43]

Of Takoma Park's residents, 17 percent are of Subsaharan African ancestry, 11 percent have German ancestry, 8 percent are of Irish ancestry, 8 percent have English ancestry, and 4 percent are of West Indian ancestry. [44]

2010 census

As of the census [2] of 2010, there were 16,715 people, 6,569 households, and 3,904 families residing in the city. The population density was 8,036.1 inhabitants per square mile (3,102.8/km2). There were 7,162 housing units at an average density of 3,443.3 per square mile (1,329.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 49.0% White, 35.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 4.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 6.5% from other races, and 4.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.5% of the population.

There were 6,569 households, of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.9% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.6% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.12.

The median age in the city was 38 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.8% were from 25 to 44; 28.7% were from 45 to 64; and 10% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

2000 census

As of the census [45] of 2000, there were 17,299 people, 6,893 households, and 3,949 families residing in the city. The population density was 8,152.4 inhabitants per square mile (3,147.7/km2). There were 7,187 housing units at an average density of 3,387.0 per square mile (1,307.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 48.79% White, 33.97% African American, 0.44% Native American, 4.36% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 7.44% from other races, and 4.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.42% of the population.

There were 6,893 households, out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.5% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.7% were non-families. Approximately 4.5% of all couples were unmarried same sex couples. [46] 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.6% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 35.9% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $48,490, and the median income for a family was $63,434. Males had a median income of $40,668 versus $35,073 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,437. About 8.4% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under age 18 and 20.5% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

According to the City's fiscal year 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [47] the top employers in the city are the following.

#Employer# of Employees
1 Montgomery College 833
2City of Takoma Park, Maryland 258
3 Montgomery County Public Schools 246
4 Washington Adventist University 150
5 Adventist Healthcare (TP Campus)140
6 Sligo Creek Center (medical facility)92
7 Don Bosco Cristo Rey High School 58
8Takoma Park / Silver Spring Co-Op48
9 International House of Pancakes 30
10Republic12

Arts and culture

Takoma Park clock at Ward Sinclair Plaza Clock tower in Ward Sinclair Plaza - Takoma Park.jpg
Takoma Park clock at Ward Sinclair Plaza

Takoma Park is known for a variety of cultural events, most notable of which is the Takoma Park Folk Festival, which attracts an audience from across the Mid-Atlantic region.

The Takoma Park Folk Festival is a free annual festival featuring music by local musicians on six stages. Performers range from well-seasoned stage veterans to youngsters on stage for the first time, and the music spans genres from old-time fiddle and bluegrass to acoustic folk-rock to Afro-Latin fusion, and more. The festival also includes children’s activities, a juried crafts show, and community tables where local organizations and politicians reach out to the community. It has been in existence since 1978, founded by Sam Abbott, former Mayor of the city and civil-rights activist. [48]

Takoma Park is notable for being the home of blues guitarist John Fahey, who (together with other local music institutions) popularized the city as a haven for folk musicians. He named his label, Takoma Records, for the city, and many of his songs reference local landmarks. Mary Chapin Carpenter, Al Petteway (composer of Sligo Creek ) and many other prominent local and national artists have made their home in and around Takoma Park. Root Boy Slim and Goldie Hawn are from Takoma Park.

Other annual festivals include the mildly countercultural Takoma Park Street Festival, the Takoma Jazz Fest, the Takoma Park Independent Film Festival, and the Takoma Park Fourth of July Parade, which is attended by residents and neighboring politicians from across the metropolitan region. [49] The parade typically includes ethnic musical troupes representing a wide variety of global cultures, neighborhood performance troupes, and groups supporting causes, such as LGBTQ and fair trade, reflecting Takoma Park's historic reputation for activism.

Immediately adjacent to the downtown, Takoma, D.C. is home to the A.Salon Building, a large art studio warehouse and former printing plant, which is home to the backstage office and rehearsal center for the Washington Opera. Two (currently vacant) freestanding theaters, the Takoma Theater and the Flower Theater, anchor either end of town. Takoma Park is also home to the Dance Exchange (founded by Liz Lerman) and the Institute of Musical Traditions, a performance society founded by the House of Musical Traditions. Kinetic Artistry, a notable theatre supplier for the Washington area, is also located in Takoma Park. The Takoma Theatre Conservancy is an organization attempting to renovate the 500-seat Takoma Theatre for multiuse purposes. [50] The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) awarded a Construction Permit to Historic Takoma Inc (HTI) for Takoma Radio. The hyper-local neighborhood station will be identified on the air as WOWD-LP, 94.3FM, and has plans to debut in mid-2016. [51]

Takoma Park has been home to a variety of local characters who have contributed to the city's sense of identity and culture, including "Catman" and Motor Cat, [52] Roscoe the Rooster, [53] The Banjo Man, [54] and "Fox Man", [55] a local animal rights activist and founder of the city's Tool Library. Takoma Park also has a year-round farmer's market and two other farmers markets which sell local produce and free range meats.

Underground filmmaker Nick Zedd grew up in Takoma Park and made his first movies there.

Nearby libraries

Institutions

The Sam Abbott Citizens Center, Takoma Park's former city auditorium, has been refurbished as a community theater and gallery. [57] The municipal center, which includes the Takoma Park City Hall, Citizens Center and the Takoma Park Maryland Library, was expanded into a community center from 2003–2007. A gymnasium was requested by the city's youth sports leagues after lobbying from Steve Francis, the NBA basketball player, who grew up in Takoma Park; but funding was not identified. [58] A small fenced-in basketball court has since been built adjacent to the community center.

In 2010, the Seventh-Day Adventist Church received authorization to relocate the regional Washington Adventist Hospital from the center of town to an outlying area of nearby Silver Spring, Maryland, alongside its international headquarters and the Adventist Book and Health Food Store, which had also been located within city limits. This had followed an effort by county officials to close or relocate the city's fire station, located on the side of a steep hill. Due to resulting controversy, the City Council lobbied to retain the old Hospital facility as a "health campus." [59] The hospital had been in operation for over a century, having been founded as the Washington Sanitarium overlooking Sligo Creek in 1907. [60] Officials also successfully lobbied to retain a university located on the same campus, which has been renamed Washington Adventist University.

In the 1970s, the city experienced controversy over plans to expand or relocate Montgomery College, which has a campus located in the historic district of North Takoma, an area of large old homes adjacent to downtown Silver Spring. This debate was subsequently resolved when the County agreed to preserve the existing campus, and expand in the direction of downtown Silver Spring by building a bridge across the B&O railroad tracks. It was renamed the "Takoma Park-Silver Spring Campus," focused on health, nursing and the arts. The expanded campus included a major new arts center located in South Silver Spring, near the boundary between the three jurisdictions.[ citation needed ] After more than 100 years in Takoma Park, a city on the northern edge of Washington DC, Washington Adventist Hospital has relocated to Silver Spring, Maryland and has been renamed Adventist Healthcare White Oak Medical Center. [61]

The Takoma Park-Silver Spring Food Co-op is one of the Washington area's largest food co-ops. The Takoma Park Presbyterian Church has been a bulwark of civic activism throughout its history. The TPPC helped to found CASA de Maryland.

In the late 2000s (decade), regional and national debate occurred over the decision to close Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Takoma, D.C., and relocate its operations to the Bethesda Naval Medical Center.[ citation needed ] Takoma Park Soccer Club is the sponsor of many youth soccer teams in the Takoma Park area; such as the TAPK United, coached by professional Brazilian coach Manilton Santos. A successful team, they have earned the affectionate nickname Tapioca United.

Government

Takoma Park Community Center Community Center (4508165787).jpg
Takoma Park Community Center

Takoma Park's electorate and its elected officials are known for their liberal and left-of-liberal values, which have led to the enactment of several municipal laws. For instance, Takoma Park allows non-U.S.-citizen residents to vote in its own municipal elections, and has lowered the voting age for city elections to 16. [5] The city was also forbidden, by statute, from doing business with any entity having commercial ties with the government of Burma (Myanmar), [62] though after a U.S. Supreme Court decision struck down a similar Massachusetts law, enforcement of the provision was suspended in the year 2000. As of 2007, the Free Burma Committee is inactive. [63] In 2008, the city unanimously approved a resolution to oppose foie gras. [64] Takoma Park is the only Maryland municipality with a rent control law. [65]

Like a handful of other U.S. municipalities, Takoma Park has declared itself a "nuclear free zone"; under a 1983 law, contractors working for the city must also sign a notarized document that they are not "knowingly or intentionally" "engaged in the development, research, production, maintenance, storage, transportation and/or disposal of nuclear weapons or their components." [66] [67] Waivers have been given in the past, including a 2012 waiver to purchase a library system from Userful Corporation that includes computers made by Hewlett-Packard, a company that has also worked on nuclear weapons programs for the federal government. [68]

Under a local ordinance, Takoma Park residents must obtain a permit or waiver from the City arborist ("urban forest manager") to cut down any tree on their property with a diameter of 7 5/8 inches or greater. [69] [70]

Mayor

(left to right): Ed Sharp (mayor 1990-7), Kate Stewart (current mayor), Bruce Williams (mayor 2007-15), Kathy Porter (mayor 1997-07) at a dinner party in 2017 Current and former Takoma Park mayors.jpg
(left to right): Ed Sharp (mayor 1990-7), Kate Stewart (current mayor), Bruce Williams (mayor 2007-15), Kathy Porter (mayor 1997-07) at a dinner party in 2017

Takoma Park is governed by a city council composed of a mayor and council members for each of six wards. The current mayor of Takoma Park (the 23rd) is Kate Stewart (mayor since 2015). [71]

Former mayors of Takoma Park
NumberNameEntered officeLeft office
1 Benjamin Franklin Gilbert 18901892
2Enoch Maris18921894
3Samuel S. Shedd18941902
4John B. Kinnear19021906
5Wilmer G. Platt19061912
6Stephen W. Williams19121917
7Wilmer G. Platt19171920
8James L. Wilmeth19201923
9Henry Taff19231926
10Ben G. Davis19261932
11Frederick L. Lewton19321936
12John R. Adams19361940
13Oliver W. Youngblood19401948
14John C. Post19481950
15Ross H. Beville19501954
16George M. Miller19541972
17John D. Roth19721980
18 Sammie Abbott 19801985
19Stephen J. Del Giudice19851990
20Edward F. Sharp19901997
21Kathy Porter19972007
22Bruce Williams20072015

Voting

In the November 5, 1991, election the voters approved a referendum (1,199 for and 1,107 against) to change the Takoma Park City Charter "to permit residents of Takoma Park who are not U.S. citizens to vote in Takoma Park elections." [72]

In the 2005 election, an advisory referendum to adopt instant-runoff voting (IRV) for municipal elections passed with 84% approval. In 2006, the City Council amended the City Charter to incorporate IRV, making Takoma Park one of a small but growing number of municipalities across the nation to adopt IRV (and the first in Maryland to do so). [73]

In the 2009 election, Takoma Park used the Scantegrity voting system. This marked the first time an open source voting system was used in a public sector election in the United States, as well as the first time a system with end-to-end verifiability was used.

In 2013, Takoma Park became the first city in the U.S. to allow sixteen- and seventeen-year-olds to vote. [5]

Convicted felons on parole and probation were also given the right to vote in Takoma Park elections in 2013. [5]

In 2017, the Takoma Park City Council changed the City Charter to schedule City elections in even numbered years (called "Election Synchronization") beginning in 2020. The Council elected in 2017 would serve a three-year term. [74]

In 2020, Takoma Park held its first ever vote-by-mail election, with 6549 ballots counted, more than 2 1/2 times the number of votes in the 2015 and 2017 elections. [75]

Federal government

The United States Postal Service operates the Takoma Park Post Office, [76] as well as the Langley Park Post Office; the latter has a Hyattsville, Maryland postal address. [77] [78] [79]

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

The city is served by the Montgomery County Public Schools.

Elementary schools that serve the city include: [80]

  • Piney Branch Elementary School (3–5)
  • Rolling Terrace Elementary School (PK–5)
  • Sligo Creek Elementary School (K–5)
  • Takoma Park Elementary School (PK–2)

Most Takoma Park residents are zoned to Takoma Park ES and Piney Branch. Sligo Creek Elementary School has new boundaries that no longer include students living in Takoma Park. SCES has a French Immersion program open to all Montgomery County families via lottery. [ citation needed ]

Middle schools that serve the city include:

  • Silver Spring International Middle School
  • Takoma Park Middle School, (most Takoma Park residents are zoned to Takoma Park MS)

All of the city is served by Montgomery Blair High School. With the Downcounty Consortium, students have limited opportunity to enroll in one of four other schools, including Kennedy, Northwood, Einstein, and Wheaton.

Prior to the mid-1990s sections of the Takoma Park census-designated place were zoned to Prince George's County Public Schools (PGCPS). These sections are now designated as being in the Chillum CDP index map. [81] PG County Takoma Park CDP is shown on pages 7 [82] and 12. [83] From 1950 to 1964, during the era of legally-required racial segregation of schools, black students from the PG County section of Takoma Park attended Fairmont Heights High School, then near Fairmount Heights. [84]

Private

Colleges and universities

Washington Adventist University The Commons - WAU.JPG
Washington Adventist University

Police

Takoma Park is chartered with its own police force, public works department, housing department, library, and recreation department. It has also historically maintained its own Volunteer Fire Department and Municipal Library. Until 2007, the city operated a Tool Library as well, and continues to operate its own compost recycling program and silo for corn-burning stoves. Takoma Park is densely developed with narrow houses on deep lots, often featuring mid-block developments and a mix of apartments and homes which are no longer permitted under regional suburban zoning laws, under which many apartments were de-zoned in 1989.

Transportation

Roads and highways

MD 650 southbound in Takoma Park 2016-10-18 12 51 45 View south along Maryland State Route 650 (New Hampshire Avenue) at Maryland State Route 193 (University Boulevard) in Takoma Park, Montgomery County, Maryland.jpg
MD 650 southbound in Takoma Park

Several state highways serve Takoma Park. The largest of these is Maryland Route 650 (New Hampshire Avenue), which is the only six-lane thoroughfare running within city limits. New Hampshire Avenue continues into central Washington, D.C. and primarily serves through-traffic to the east of the city. Maryland Route 193 (University Boulevard) serves as the major suburban shopping strip, skirting the city on its northeast edge. Other state highways serving Takoma Park include Maryland Route 410, Maryland Route 320 and Maryland Route 195, all of which serve as local connectors to neighboring areas.

Public transportation

Being part of Montgomery County, Takoma Park is served by both the Ride On bus system, and by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, which provides bus and rail service to the Maryland and Virginia suburbs of Washington, D.C.

The Takoma Metrorail station, also a Ride On and Metrobus hub, sits in the heart of the Old Takoma Main Street, in Washington, D.C., two blocks from the Maryland line.

The Takoma Langley Crossroads Transit Center is situated just outside the city border, at the intersection of University Boulevard and New Hampshire Avenue, also a location for a future Purple Line station.

The 9-mile (14 km) Sligo Creek Trail is used for recreation by bicyclists and pedestrians, and much of the roadway segment within the City of Takoma Park is closed to motor vehicles Fridays through Sundays. The Takoma Park segment of the Metropolitan Branch Trail, a rail trail that parallels the Red Line, is complete. Trail-building is planned to connect that segment with the completed portion that runs south to Washington Union Station and to planned segments running north to Silver Spring, Maryland with a connection to the 12-mile (19 km) Capital Crescent Trail.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

Montgomery County, Maryland County in Maryland, US

Montgomery County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of Maryland, located adjacent to Washington, D.C. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 971,777, increasing by 8.1% to an estimated 1,050,688 in 2019. The county seat and largest municipality is Rockville, although the census-designated place of Germantown is the most populous city within the county. Montgomery County is included in the Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV Metropolitan Statistical Area, which in turn forms part of the Baltimore–Washington Combined Statistical Area. Most of the county's residents live in unincorporated locales, of which the most urban are Silver Spring and Bethesda, although the incorporated cities of Rockville and Gaithersburg are also large population centers, as are many smaller but significant places.

Silver Spring, Maryland Census-designated place in Maryland, United States

Silver Spring is a census-designated place (CDP) in southeastern Montgomery County, Maryland, United States, near Washington, D.C. Although officially unincorporated, in practice it is an edge city which had a population of 81,816 residents as of 2018. This makes it the fourth most populous place in Maryland, after Baltimore, Columbia, and Germantown, and the second most populous in Montgomery County after Germantown.

Prince Georges County, Maryland County in Maryland, US

Prince George's County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland, bordering the eastern portion of Washington, D.C. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 863,420, making it the second-most populous county in Maryland, behind Montgomery County. Its county seat is Upper Marlboro. It is the largest and one of the most affluent African American-majority counties in the United States, with five of its communities identified in a 2015 top ten list.

Chillum, Maryland Census-designated place in Maryland

Chillum is an unincorporated area in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States, bordering Washington, D.C. and Montgomery County.

Langley Park, Maryland Census-designated place in Maryland

Langley Park is an unincorporated area and census-designated place (CDP) in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. It is located inside the Capital Beltway, on the northwest edge of Prince George's County, bordering Montgomery County. Langley Park is contained between University Boulevard to the south, the Northwest Branch Anacostia River to the north, Phelps Road to the east, and the Prince Georges County / Montgomery County line to the west. An extremely small stretch of Piney Branch Road which goes into Prince George's County, goes into the Langley Park neighborhood as well, just before it crosses the Northwest Branch Anacostia River and intersects New Hampshire Avenue. While most of the Langley Park neighborhood contains the Hyattsville postal zip code of 20783, there is a small portion of Langley Park located west of New Hampshire Avenue, but east of the Prince George's County/ Montgomery County Line, which contains the Silver Spring postal zip code of 20903. Langley Park is surrounded by the communities of Adelphi, Silver Spring, Takoma Park, Carole Highlands, and Lewisdale. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 18,755.

Montgomery Blair High School Public (magnet) secondary school in Silver Spring, Maryland, United States

Montgomery Blair High School (MBHS) is a public high school located in Silver Spring, Maryland, United States, operated by Montgomery County Public Schools. The school's total enrollment of 3,200 makes it the largest public high school in Montgomery County and Maryland as a whole.

Sligo Creek Stream in Maryland, United States of America

Sligo Creek is a free-flowing tributary of the Northwest Branch of the Anacostia River in Maryland. The creek is approximately 9.1 miles (14.6 km) long, with a drainage area of about 11.6 square miles (30 km2).

Takoma (Washington, D.C.) United States historic place

Takoma, Washington, D.C., is a neighborhood in Washington, D.C.. It is located in Advisory Neighborhood Commission 4B, in the District's Fourth Ward, within the northwest quadrant. It borders the city of Takoma Park, Maryland.

Maryland Route 195 State highway in Montgomery County, Maryland, United States, known as Carroll Avenue

Maryland Route 195 is a state highway in the U.S. state of Maryland. Known as Carroll Avenue, the state highway runs 1.90 miles (3.06 km) from Eastern Avenue at the District of Columbia boundary in Takoma Park north to MD 193 in Silver Spring. MD 195 is the main north–south state highway through Takoma Park in southeastern Montgomery County. The highway provides access to Washington Adventist University and Washington Adventist Hospital and crosses Sligo Creek on the Carroll Avenue Bridge. The state highway was constructed from Washington to Silver Spring in the late 1920s on a road that has existed since the 19th century. The Carroll Avenue Bridge was built in 1932 as the third bridge at the site. Reconstruction of the bridge began in 2015 and was completed in 2017.

Maryland Route 410 State highway in the U.S. state of Maryland, known for most of its length as East–West Highway

Maryland Route 410 (MD 410) is a state highway in the U.S. state of Maryland and known for most of its length as East–West Highway. The highway runs east to west for 13.92 miles (22.40 km)–from Pennsy Drive in Landover Hills to MD 355 in Bethesda. MD 410 serves as a major east–west commuter route through the inner northern suburbs of Washington, D.C., connecting the commercial districts of Bethesda, Silver Spring, and Hyattsville. In addition, the highway serves the industrial area of Landover Hills and the residential suburbs of Chevy Chase, Takoma Park, Chillum, Riverdale, and East Riverdale. The road also connects many of the arterial highways and freeways that head out of Washington. Additionally, it provides a highway connection to transit and commercial hubs centered around Washington Metro subway stations in Bethesda, Takoma Park, Hyattsville, Silver Spring, and New Carrollton–the latter two of which provide additional connections to MARC and Amtrak trains.

Carole Highlands is an unincorporated community located in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. Carole Highlands is contained between East West Highway to the south, University Boulevard to the north, Larch Avenue, Hopewell Avenue, and 15th Avenue to the west, and Riggs Road to the east. Carole Highlands borders the adjacent neighborhoods of Chillum, Green Meadows, Lewisdale, and Langley Park in Prince George's County, while bordering the city of Takoma Park in Montgomery County, MD. For statistical purposes, it is part of the Chillum census-designated place (CDP).

Streetcars in Washington, D.C., and Maryland

Streetcars and interurbans operated in the Maryland suburbs of Washington, D.C., between 1890 and 1962. Lines in Maryland were established as separate legal entities, but eventually they were all owned or leased by DC Transit. Unlike the Virginia lines, the Washington and Maryland lines were scheduled as a single system. Most of the streetcars were built with grand plans in mind, but none succeeded financially. A combination of the rise of the automobile, various economic downturns and bustitution eventually spelled the end of streetcars in southern Maryland.

Maryland Route 320

Maryland Route 320 is a state highway in the U.S. state of Maryland. Known as Piney Branch Road, the highway runs 2.84 miles (4.57 km) from Eastern Avenue at the District of Columbia boundary in Takoma Park north to MD 650 in Adelphi. MD 320 is a southwest–northeast highway that connects Takoma Park and Silver Spring in southeastern Montgomery County with Adelphi in far western Prince George's County. The state highway originally extended from downtown Silver Spring to White Oak and connected with U.S. Route 29 at both ends. The Silver Spring–Adelphi portion of the highway was constructed by 1910. The segment through Takoma Park and the Adelphi–White Oak segment, which later became MD 650, were built in the early 1930s; the Takoma Park portion was built as MD 513. MD 320 was widened over its whole length in the late 1940s and reduced to its present course in the mid-1950s.

Woodside (Silver Spring, Maryland) Neighborhood in Montgomery County, Maryland, United States

Woodside is a neighborhood located in the Montgomery County, Maryland, area of Silver Spring. Founded in 1889, it is the oldest neighborhood in Silver Spring.

Sligo Creek Parkway Parkway in Montgomery County, Maryland, United States

Sligo Creek Parkway is a two-lane at-grade automobile parkway in Montgomery County in the U.S. state of Maryland. The two-lane parkway runs 5.6 mi (9.0 km) from Maryland Route 650 in Takoma Park through Silver Spring north to MD 193 in Maryland. Sligo Creek Parkway parallels Sligo Creek and the Sligo Creek Trail as it passes through various units of Sligo Creek Park and by a variety of recreational facilities. The parkway is maintained by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission. Sligo Creek Parkway is closed to trucks at all times. In addition, the section between Old Carroll Avenue and MD 320 is closed to automobile traffic on Sundays.

Maryland Route 594

Maryland Route 594 is a collection of unsigned state highways in the U.S. state of Maryland. The highways are located in Montgomery and Prince George's counties to the north of Washington, D.C. MD 594 consists of three mainline and three auxiliary routes. The three mainline routes are designated MD 594A, MD 594E, and MD 594F. MD 594A runs 1.40 miles (2.25 km) from U.S. Route 29 east to Flower Avenue within Silver Spring in southeastern Montgomery County. MD 594E runs 2.06 miles (3.32 km) from US 1 in College Park east to MD 201 in Riverdale Park in northwestern Prince George's County. MD 594F runs 1.29 miles (2.08 km) from MD 410 east to MD 450 in New Carrollton in northwestern Prince George's County. The three auxiliary routes are designated MD 594B, MD 594C, and MD 594D, and are located in Montgomery County. The sections of the route in Montgomery County were transferred to the state in 2016 while the sections of the route in Prince George's County were transferred to the state in 2017.

Marc Elrich American politician from Maryland

Marc Elrich is an American politician and County Executive of Montgomery County, Maryland. He was formerly an at-large member of the Montgomery County Council, first elected in 2006. Prior to that he served on the Takoma Park City Council for 19 years, representing Ward 5 which covers and incorporates the greater Long Branch / East Silver Spring area.

Carroll Avenue Bridge (Maryland)

The Carroll Avenue bridge is a triple-span, reinforced concrete, open spandrel arch bridge crossing the Sligo Creek Parkway in Takoma Park, Maryland.

Franklin Knolls (Silver Spring, Maryland) Neighborhood

Franklin Knolls is a residential neighborhood located in Silver Spring, a census-designated place in Montgomery County.

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