Washington metropolitan area

Last updated

Washington Metropolitan Area
(Washington – Arlington – Alexandria)
WashMonument WhiteHouse.jpg
Rosslyn 2013 02.JPG
2016-10-09 15 44 43 View east along Virginia State Route 7 (King Street) at Virginia State Route 400 (Washington Street) in Alexandria, Virginia.jpg
DMV [1] [2] (D.C., Maryland, Virginia)
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
U.S. state/federal districtPrincipal Subdivisions
(National Capital Region): [3]
Flag of Washington, D.C..svg District of Columbia [D]
Flag of Maryland.svg Maryland [M]
Flag of Virginia.svg Virginia [V] Outlining Subdivisions:
Flag of West Virginia.svg West Virginia
Principal municipalities Washington, Arlington, Alexandria
1,407.0 sq mi (3,644.2 km2)
5,564.6 sq mi (14,412 km2)
0–2,350 ft (0–716 m)
 (2016) [4] [5] [6]
   Metropolitan area 6,133,552 (6th)
  Density1,084/sq mi (418.7/km2)
4,586,770 (8th)
   CSA (2010)
9,546,579 (4th)
Time zone UTC-5 (ET)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EST)

The Washington metropolitan area (also known as the National Capital Region and colloquially as the DMV for "D.C., Maryland, Virginia") is the metropolitan area centered on Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. The area includes all of the federal district and parts of the U.S. states of Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia. It is part of the larger Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area.


The Washington D.C. metropolitan area is one of the most educated and most affluent metropolitan areas in the US. [7] The metro area anchors the southern end of the densely populated Northeast megalopolis with an estimated total population of 6,216,589 as of the 2017 U.S. Census Bureau estimate, [8] making it the sixth-largest metropolitan area in the nation [9] and the largest metropolitan area in the Census Bureau's South Atlantic division. [10]


The U.S. Office of Management and Budget defines the area as the Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV metropolitan statistical area, a metropolitan statistical area used for statistical purposes by the United States Census Bureau and other agencies. The region's three largest cities are the federal territory of Washington, D.C., the county (and census-designated place) of Arlington, and the independent city of Alexandria. The Office of Management and Budget also includes the metropolitan statistical area as part of the larger Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area, which has a population of 9,546,579 as of the 2014 Census Estimate.[ citation needed ]

The Washington, D.C., Maryland, and Virginia [3] portions of the metropolitan area is sometimes referred to as the National Capital Region or the D.C. Area, particularly by federal agencies such as the military, [11] Department of Homeland Security, [12] and some local government agencies. The National Capital Region portion of the Washington Metropolitan Area is also colloquially known by the acronym "DMV" which stands for the "District of Columbia, Maryland, Virginia." [13] The area in the region that is surrounded by Interstate 495 referred to as being "Inside the Beltway". The city of Washington, which is at the center of the area, is referred to as "the District" because of its status as a federal district, which makes it not part of any state. The Virginian portion of the region is known as Northern Virginia and the Maryland portion of the region is sometimes called the Maryland-National Capital Region by some local authorities, but is not widely used by the general public. [14] [15]


Satellite photo of the Washington metropolitan area Washington D.C. Metropolitan Area by Sentinel-2, 2020-07-29.jpg
Satellite photo of the Washington metropolitan area
Map highlighting labor patterns of regional counties Dc22counties.jpg
Map highlighting labor patterns of regional counties

The U.S. Census Bureau divides the Washington statistical metropolitan area into two metropolitan divisions: [16]

Counties or County equivalents and populations

County2020 Estimate2010 CensusChangeAreaDensity
Fairfax County, Virginia 1,150,8471,081,726+6.39%391 sq mi (1,010 km2)
Montgomery County, Maryland 1,051,816971,777+8.24%491 sq mi (1,270 km2)
Prince George's County, Maryland 909,612863,420+5.35%483 sq mi (1,250 km2)
Washington, District of Columbia 712,816601,723+18.46%61.05 sq mi (158.1 km2)
Prince William County, Virginia 475,533402,002+18.29%336 sq mi (870 km2)
Loudoun County, Virginia 422,784312,311+35.37%516 sq mi (1,340 km2)
Frederick County, Maryland 265,161233,385+13.62%660 sq mi (1,700 km2)
Arlington County, Virginia 240,119207,627+15.65%26 sq mi (67 km2)
Charles County, Maryland 164,436146,551+12.20%458 sq mi (1,190 km2)
City of Alexandria, Virginia 158,726139,966+13.40%14.93 sq mi (38.7 km2)
Stafford County, Virginia 156,748128,961+21.55%269 sq mi (700 km2)
Spotsylvania County, Virginia 138,449122,397+13.11%401 sq mi (1,040 km2)
Calvert County, Maryland 93,07288,737+4.89%213 sq mi (550 km2)
Fauquier County, Virginia 71,36165,203+9.44%647 sq mi (1,680 km2)
Jefferson County, West Virginia 57,48653,498+7.45%210 sq mi (540 km2)
Culpeper County, Virginia 53,56946,689+14.74%379 sq mi (980 km2)
City of Manassas, Virginia 40,86937,821+8.06%9.84 sq mi (25.5 km2)
Warren County, Virginia 40,47537,575+7.72%213 sq mi (550 km2)
City of Fredericksburg, Virginia 29,49224,286+21.44%10.45 sq mi (27.1 km2)
City of Fairfax, Virginia 23,42922,565+3.83%6.24 sq mi (16.2 km2)
City of Manassas Park, Virginia 18,00414,273+26.14%3.03 sq mi (7.8 km2)
City of Falls Church, Virginia 14,63112,332+18.64%2.05 sq mi (5.3 km2)
Clarke County, Virginia 14,62214,034+4.19%176 sq mi (460 km2)
Madison County, Virginia 13,31213,308+0.03%321 sq mi (830 km2)
Rappahannock County, Virginia 7,2607,373−1.53%266 sq mi (690 km2)
Total6,324,6295,649,540+11.95%6,563.59 sq mi (16,999.6 km2)

Historical populations - Washington Metropolitan Area
1950 1,464,089
1960 2,001,89736.7%
1970 2,861,12342.9%
1980 3,060,9227.0%
1990 3,923,57428.2%
2000 4,923,15325.5%
2010 5,636,23214.5%
2019 (est.)6,280,48711.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
2011 estimate

Regional organizations

Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments

Founded in 1957, the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments (MWCOG) is a regional organization of 21 Washington-area local governments, as well as area members of the Maryland and Virginia state legislatures, the U.S. Senate, and the U.S. House of Representatives. MWCOG provides a forum for discussion and the development of regional responses to issues regarding the environment, transportation, public safety, homeland security, affordable housing, community planning, and economic development. [17]

The National Capital Region Transportation Planning Board, a component of MWCOG, is the federally designated metropolitan planning organization for the metropolitan Washington area. [18]

Consortium of Universities in the Washington Metropolitan Area

Chartered in 1964, the Consortium of Universities of the Washington Metropolitan Area is a regional organization of 17 Washington-area local universities and community colleges representing nearly 300,000 students. [19] The consortium facilitates course cross registration between all member universities, and universalizes library access across some of its member universities through the Washington Research Library Consortium. It additionally offers joint procurement programs, joint academic initiatives, and campus public safety training. [20] These colleges and universities are:

Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority

Formed in 1967 as an interstate compact between Maryland, Virginia, and the District of Columbia, the WMATA is a tri-jurisdictional government agency with a board composed of representatives from Maryland, Virginia, the District of Columbia, and the United States Federal government that operates transit services in the Washington Metropolitan Area.

Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority

The Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority (MWAA) is a multi-jurisdictional independent airport authority, created with the consent of the United States Congress and the legislature of Virginia to oversee management, operations, and capital development of Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport and Washington Dulles International Airport. [21]

Greater Washington Board of Trade

Founded in 1889, the Greater Washington Board of Trade is a network of regional businesses that work to advance the culture, economy, and resiliency of the Washington metropolitan area. [22]

Cultural Alliance of Greater Washington

The Cultural Alliance of Greater Washington (CAGW) works to increase appreciation, support, and resources for arts and culture in the Greater Washington DC region.

Principal cities

View of downtown Washington, with the skylines of Arlington and Tysons Corner in the distance. Washington, D.C. - 2007 aerial view.jpg
View of downtown Washington, with the skylines of Arlington and Tysons Corner in the distance.

The metropolitan area includes the following principal cities (not all of which are incorporated as cities; one, Arlington, is actually a county, and Bethesda, Reston, and Silver Spring are unincorporated CDPs.) [16]



The D.C. Metro has consistently leaned Democratic, only voting Republican once in Richard Nixon's landslide reelection in 1972. Since Bill Clinton was elected in 1992, Democratic candidates have easily won the area by double-digits.

Presidential election results
Year DEM GOP Others
2016 69.0%1,860,67825.7% 692,7435.4% 145,269
2012 67.5%1,813,96330.9% 829,5671.7% 44,708
2008 68.0%1,603,90231.0% 728,9161.0% 25,288
2004 61.0%1,258,74338.0% 785,1441.4% 19,735
2000 58.5%1,023,08937.9% 663,5903.6% 62,437
1996 57.0%861,88137.0% 558,8306.0% 89,259
1992 53.0%859,88934.1% 553.36912.9% 209,651
1988 50.4%684,45348.6% 659,3441.0% 14,219
1984 51.0%653,56848.5% 621,3770.4% 5,656
1980 44.7%484,59044.6% 482,50611.1% 115,797
1976 54.2%590,48144.9% 488,9951.0% 10,654
1972 44.2% 431,25754.8%534,2351.1% 10,825
1968 49.4%414,34539.1% 327,66211.5% 96,701
1964 69.8%495,49030.2% 214,2930.1% 462
1960 52.5%204,61447.3% 184,4990.1% 593
The southern portion of the Capital Beltway along the Potomac River, featuring portions of Washington, D.C., Maryland, and Virginia.
Old Town Alexandria, Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling, and National Harbor, Maryland are visible. Alexandria, Virginia (6045513083).jpg
The southern portion of the Capital Beltway along the Potomac River, featuring portions of Washington, D.C., Maryland, and Virginia.
Old Town Alexandria, Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling, and National Harbor, Maryland are visible.

Racial composition

The area has been a magnet for international immigration since the late 1960s. It is also a magnet for internal migration (persons moving from one region of the U.S. to another). [23] [ dubious ]

Racial composition of the Washington, D.C. area:

2019 American Community Survey

  • Non-Hispanic White : 44.7%
  • Black or African American : 24.9%
  • Hispanic or Latino : 16.3%
  • Asian : 10.3%
  • Mixed and Other : 3.8%
Hispanic OriginAsian Origin
5.2% Salvadoran2.9% Indian
2.3% Mexican1.9% Chinese
1.6% Guatemalan1.2% Korean
1.2% Puerto Rican1.2% Vietnamese
0.9% Honduran1.0% Filipino
0.9% Peruvian0.5% Pakistani
0.8% Bolivian0.2% Japanese
0.5% Colombian0.2% Thai
0.5% Dominican0.2% Bangladeshi
5.6% Other1.0% Other

2010 U.S. Census

[ citation needed ]




  • White : 67.8%
  • Black : 26.0%
  • Asian : 2.5%
  • Hispanic : 2.8%
  • Mixed and Other : 0.9%

Social indicators

The Washington metropolitan area has ranked as the highest-educated metropolitan area in the nation for four decades. [25] As of the 2006–2008 American Community Survey, the three most educated places with 200,000 people or more in Washington–Arlington–Alexandria by bachelor's degree attainment (population 25 and over) are Arlington, Virginia (68.0%), Fairfax County, Virginia (58.8%), and Montgomery County, Maryland (56.4%). [26] Forbes magazine stated in its 2008 "America's Best- And Worst-Educated Cities" report: "The D.C. area is less than half the size of L.A., but both cities have around 100,000 Ph.D.'s." [27]

The Washington, D.C. metro area has held the top spot in the American College of Sports Medicine's annual American Fitness Index ranking of the United States' 50 most populous metropolitan areas for two years running. The report cites, among other things, the high average fitness level and healthy eating habits of residents, the widespread availability of health care and facilities such as swimming pools, tennis courts, and parks, low rates of obesity and tobacco use relative to the national average, and the high median household income as contributors to the city's community health. [28]

The average household income within a 5 mi (8.0 km) radius of Tysons Corner Center is $174,809. Tysons Corner Center Mall (6923507902).jpg
The average household income within a 5 mi (8.0 km) radius of Tysons Corner Center is $174,809.

In the 21st century, the Washington metropolitan area has overtaken the San Francisco Bay Area as the highest-income metropolitan area in the nation. [7] The median household income of the region is US$72,800. The two highest median household income counties in the nation Loudoun and Fairfax County, Virginia  – are components of the MSA (and #3 is Howard County, officially in Baltimore's sphere but strongly connected with Washington's); measured in this way, Alexandria ranks 10th among municipalities in the region – 11th if Howard is included – and 23rd in the entire United States. 12.2% of Northern Virginia's 881,136 households, 8.5% of suburban Maryland's 799,300 households, and 8.2% of Washington's 249,805 households have an annual income in excess of $200,000, compared to 3.7% nationally. [30]

According to a report by the American Human Development Project, women in the Washington metropolitan area are ranked as having the highest income and educational attainment among the 25 most populous metropolitan areas in the nation, while Asian American women in the region had the highest life expectancy, at 92.3 years. [31]

Counties and populations

County2019 Estimate2010 CensusChangeAreaDensity
Washington, D.C. 705,749601,723+17.29%61.05 sq mi (158.1 km2)
Calvert County, Maryland 92,52588,737+4.27%213.15 sq mi (552.1 km2)
Charles County, Maryland 163,257146,551+11.40%457.75 sq mi (1,185.6 km2)
Frederick County, Maryland 259,547233,385+11.21%660.22 sq mi (1,710.0 km2)
Montgomery County, Maryland 1,050,688971,777+8.12%491.25 sq mi (1,272.3 km2)
Prince George's County, Maryland 909,327863,420+5.32%482.69 sq mi (1,250.2 km2)
Alexandria, Virginia 159,428139,966+13.90%15.03 sq mi (38.9 km2)
Arlington County, Virginia 236,842207,627+14.07%25.97 sq mi (67.3 km2)
Clarke County, Virginia 14,61914,034+4.17%176.18 sq mi (456.3 km2)
Culpeper County, Virginia 52,60546,689+12.67%379.23 sq mi (982.2 km2)
Fairfax County, Virginia 1,147,5321,081,726+6.08%390.97 sq mi (1,012.6 km2)
Fairfax City, Virginia 24,01922,565+6.44%6.24 sq mi (16.2 km2)
Falls Church, Virginia 14,61712,332+18.53%2.00 sq mi (5.2 km2)
Fauquier County, Virginia 71,22265,203+9.23%647.45 sq mi (1,676.9 km2)
Fredericksburg, Virginia 29,03624,286+19.56%10.44 sq mi (27.0 km2)
Loudoun County, Virginia 413,538312,311+32.41%515.56 sq mi (1,335.3 km2)
Manassas, Virginia 41,08537,821+8.63%9.88 sq mi (25.6 km2)
Manassas Park, Virginia 17,47814,273+22.45%2.53 sq mi (6.6 km2)
Prince William County, Virginia 470,335402,002+17.00%336.40 sq mi (871.3 km2)
Rappahannock County, Virginia 7,3707,373−0.04%266.23 sq mi (689.5 km2)
Spotsylvania County, Virginia 136,215122,397+11.29%401.50 sq mi (1,039.9 km2)
Stafford County, Virginia 152,882128,961+18.55%268.96 sq mi (696.6 km2)
Warren County, Virginia 40,16437,575+6.89%213.47 sq mi (552.9 km2)
Total6,280,4875,649,540+11.17%5,564.6 sq mi (14,412 km2)

[ citation needed ]


Rosslyn is home to the tallest high-rises in the region, partly due to the District's height restrictions. As a result, many of the region's tallest buildings are outside the city proper. Stand up scene (8712578924).jpg
Rosslyn is home to the tallest high-rises in the region, partly due to the District's height restrictions. As a result, many of the region's tallest buildings are outside the city proper.

The Washington, D.C. area has the largest science and engineering work force of any metropolitan area in the nation in 2006 according to the Greater Washington Initiative at 324,530, ahead of the combined San Francisco Bay Area work force of 214,500, and Chicago metropolitan area at 203,090, citing data from U.S. Census Bureau, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Claritas Inc., and other sources. [7]

The Washington, D.C. area was ranked as the second best High-Tech Center in a statistical analysis of the top 100 Metropolitan areas in the United States by American City Business Journals in May 2009, behind the Silicon Valley and ahead of the Boston metropolitan area. [34] Fueling the metropolitan area's ranking was the reported 241,264 tech jobs in the region, a total eclipsed only by New York, Los Angeles, and the San Francisco Bay Area, as well as the highest master's or doctoral degree attainment among the 100 ranked metropolitan areas. [34] A Dice.com report showed that the Washington–Baltimore area had the second-highest number of tech jobs listed: 8,289, after the New York metro area with 9,195 jobs. [35]

Real estate and housing market

Changes in house prices for the D.C. area are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the Case–Shiller index; the statistic is published by Standard & Poor's and is also a component of S&P's 10-city composite index of the value of the U.S. residential real estate market.

McLean ZIP code 22102 had the highest median home prices among ZIP codes within the Washington metropolitan area as of 2013. [36]

Net worth, wealth disparities, and business ownership

The economy of the Washington metropolitan region is characterized by significant wealth disparities, which were heightened by the Great Recession and the 2007–09 housing crisis, which adversely affected black and Hispanic households more than other households. [37] [38]

A 2016 Urban Institute report found that the median net worth (i.e., assets minus debt) for white households in the D.C. region was $284,000, while the median net worth for Hispanic/Latino households was $13,000, and for African American households as $3,500. [37] [38] Asian Americans had the highest median net worth in the Washington area ($220,000 for Chinese American households, $430,000 for Vietnamese American households, $496,000 for Korean American households, and $573,000 for Indian American households). [37] [38]

Although the median net worth for white D.C.-area households was 81 times that of black D.C.-area households, the two groups had comparable rates of business ownership (about 9%). The Urban Institute report suggests that this "may be driven by the presence of a large federal government and a local district government whose membership and constituents have been largely Black, coupled with government policies designed to increase contracting opportunities for minority-owned businesses." [37] [38]

Primary industries

NIH Clinical Center in Bethesda. NIH Clinical Center south entrance.jpg
NIH Clinical Center in Bethesda.


The Washington metropolitan area has a significant biotechnology industry; companies with a major presence in the region as of 2011 include Merck, Pfizer, Human Genome Sciences, Martek Biosciences, and Qiagen. [39] Additionally, many biotechnology companies such as United Therapeutics, Novavax, Emergent BioSolutions, Parabon NanoLabs and MedImmune have headquarters in the region. The area is also home to branch offices of many contract research organizations. Firms with a presence in the area include Covance, IQVIA, Charles River Laboratories, and ICON plc. The area's medical research is driven by government and non-profit health institutions, such as the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, J. Craig Venter Institute, and the National Institutes of Health.

Defense contracting

Many defense contractors are based in the region to be close to the Pentagon in Arlington. Local defense contractors include Lockheed Martin, the largest, as well as General Dynamics, BAE Systems Inc., Northrup Grumman, [40] Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC), Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), CACI, ManTech International, DynCorp, and Leidos.


The Washington D.C. area contains the headquarters of numerous companies in the hospitality and hotel industries. Major companies with headquarters in the region include Marriott International, The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company, Hilton Worldwide, Park Hotels and Resorts, Choice Hotels, Host Hotels and Resorts, and HMSHost.

Mass media

The media industry is a significant portion of metropolitan Washington's economy. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Washington DC region has the second largest concentration of journalists and media personnel in the United States after the New York metropolitan area. [41] Washington's industry presence includes major publications with national audiences such as The Washington Post , U.S. News & World Report , and USA Today , as well as new media publishers such as Vox Media, RealClearPolitics, Axios, and Politico. A secondary portion of this market is made up of periodicals such as National Affairs , those by The Slate Group, Foreign Policy , National Geographic , The American Prospect , and those by Atlantic Media, including The Atlantic . There are also many smaller regional publications present, such as The Washington Diplomat , The Hill, Hill Rag , Roll Call , Washington City Paper and the Washington Examiner .


Anchored by the Dulles Technology Corridor, the telecommunications and tech industry in DC spans a diverse range of players across internet infrastructure, broadcasting, satellite communications, and datacenters. Firms headquartered in the area include Cogent Communications, GTT Communications, Hughes Network Systems, iCore Networks, Iridium Communications, Intelsat, Ligado Networks, NII Holdings, Oceus Networks, OneWeb, Tegna Inc., Transaction Network Services, Verisign, WorldCell, and XO Communications.


Tourism is a significant industry in the Washington metropolitan region. In 2015, more than 74,000 tourism-sector jobs existed in the District of Columbia, a record-setting 19.3 million domestic tourists visited the city, and domestic and international tourists combined spent $7.1 billion. [42] [43] The convention industry is also significant; in 2016, D.C. hosted fifteen "city-wide conventions" with an estimated total economic impact of $277.9 million. [42]

Tourism is also significant outside the District of Columbia; in 2015, a record-setting $3.06 billion in tourism spending was reported in Arlington, Virginia, and $2.9 billion in Fairfax County, Virginia. [44] A 2016 National Park Service report estimated that there were 56 million visitors to national parks in the National Capital Region, sustaining 16,917 and generating close to $1.6 billion in economy impact. [45]

Largest companies

Capital One Tower in Tysons, the tallest building in the region and centerpiece of the 5,000,000 sq ft (464,500 m) headquarter campus for Capital One. Capital One World Headquarters.jpg
Capital One Tower in Tysons, the tallest building in the region and centerpiece of the 5,000,000 sq ft (464,500 m) headquarter campus for Capital One.
Largest public companies (Fortune 500 2020) [47]
CompanyIndustryHeadquartersNational rank
AES Corporation Energy Arlington, Virginia 310
Beacon Building Products Roofing Herndon, Virginia 434
Booz Allen Hamilton Consulting McLean, Virginia 450
Capital One Finance McLean, Virginia 97
Danaher Corporation Medical Products Washington, D.C. 161
Discovery Communications Mass media Silver Spring, Maryland 287
DXC Technology Information technology Tysons, Virginia 155
Fannie Mae Finance Washington, D.C. 24
Freddie Mac Finance McLean, Virginia 41
General Dynamics Defense Reston, Virginia 83
Hilton Hotels Corporation Hospitality McLean, Virginia 338
Leidos Defense Reston, Virginia 289
Lockheed Martin Defense Bethesda, Maryland 57
Marriott International Hospitality Bethesda, Maryland 157
Northrop Grumman Defense Falls Church, Virginia 96
NVR, Inc. Construction Reston, Virginia 417
SAIC Information technology Reston, Virginia 466
Largest private companies (Forbes America's Largest Private Companies 2016) [48]
CompanyIndustryHeadquartersNational rank
BrightView Landscaping Rockville, Maryland 220
Carahsoft Defense Reston, Virginia 161
Clark Construction Construction Bethesda, Maryland 102
Mars, Incorporated Food processing McLean, Virginia 7


NGA headquarters in Fort Belvoir. NGA New HQ.jpg
NGA headquarters in Fort Belvoir.

The 2005 Base Realignment and Closure resulted in a significant shuffling of military, civilian, and defense contractor employees in the Washington, D.C., area. The largest individual site impacts of the time are as follows: [49]

BRAC 2005 was the largest infrastructure expansion by the Army Corps of Engineers since World War II, resulting in the Mark Center, tallest building they have ever constructed, as well as National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency Campus East, which at 2.4 million square feet is the largest building the Corps have constructed since the Pentagon. [50]


Washington Dulles International Airport Washington Dulles International Airport at Dusk.jpg
Washington Dulles International Airport
The Metro Center station on the Washington Metro WMATA metro center crossvault.jpg
The Metro Center station on the Washington Metro

'WMATA'-indicated systems are run by Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority and always accept Washington Metro fare cards, others may or may not.

Major airports

Rail transit systems

Bus transit systems

Major roads


U.S. Highways

Bicycle sharing


Sports teams

Listing of the professional sports teams in the Washington metropolitan area:

Washington Capitals Hockey NHL 1974 Capital One Arena
Washington Nationals Baseball MLB 2005 [lower-alpha 1] Nationals Park
Washington Wizards Basketball NBA 1973 [lower-alpha 1] Capital One Arena
Washington Football Team Football NFL 1937 [lower-alpha 1] FedExField
D.C. United Soccer MLS 1996 Audi Field
Washington Mystics Basketball WNBA 1998 St. Elizabeths East Entertainment and Sports Arena
DC Defenders Football XFL 2018 Audi Field
Washington Spirit Soccer NWSL 2011 [lower-alpha 2] Maryland SoccerPlex (primary)
Audi Field (secondary)
Segra Field (secondary)
Capital City Go-Go Basketball NBA G League 2018 St. Elizabeths East Entertainment and Sports Arena
Old Glory DC Rugby MLR 2018 Catholic University Cardinal Field
Loudoun United FC Soccer USL Championship 2018 Segra Field
  1. 1 2 3 Year team moved to Washington area
  2. Founded as D.C. United Women; rebranded as Washington Spirit in 2012 and started NWSL play in 2013.


The Washington metropolitan area is home to USA Today , C-SPAN, PBS, NPR, Politico , BET, TV One and Discovery Communications. The two main newspapers are The Washington Post and The Washington Times . Local television channels include WRC-TV 4 (NBC), WTTG 5 (FOX), WJLA 7 (ABC), WUSA 9 (CBS), WDCA 20 (MyNetworkTV), WETA-TV 26 (PBS), WDCW 50 (CW), and WPXW 66 (Ion). WJLA 24/7 News is a local news provider available only to cable subscribers. Radio stations serving the area include: WETA-FM, WIHT, WSBN, and WTOP.

Area codes

Sister cities

Washington, D.C.
Bangkok Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand1962, renewed 2002
Dakar Flag of Senegal.svg Senegal1980, renewed 2006
BeijingFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg China1984, renewed 2004
Brussels Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium1985, renewed 2012
Athens Flag of Greece.svg Greece2000
Paris [Note 1] Flag of France.svg France2000, renewed 2005
Pretoria Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa2002, renewed 2008
Seoul Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea2006
Accra Flag of Ghana.svg Ghana2006
Sunderland Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom2006
Rome Italy(2011, renewed 2013) [52]
Ankara Turkey(2011)
Brasília Brazil(2013)
Addis Ababa Ethiopia(2013) [53]
San Salvador El Salvador(2018)
Alexandria, Virginia [54]
Gyumri Flag of Armenia.svg Armenia
Helsingborg Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
Dundee [Note 2] Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Caen Flag of France.svg France
Arlington County, Virginia [55]
Aachen Flag of Germany.svg Germany
Reims Flag of France.svg France
San Miguel Flag of El Salvador.svg El Salvador
Coyoacán Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
Ivano-Frankivsk [Note 3] Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine
Herndon, Virginia
Runnymede [Note 4] Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Fairfax County, Virginia
Harbin [Note 5] Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2009
Songpa-gu [Note 6] Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea2009
Falls Church, Virginia
Kokolopori [56] Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Democratic Republic of the Congo2006
District Heights, Maryland
Mbuji-Mayi [57] Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Democratic Republic of the Congo2008
Frederick, Maryland
Aquiraz Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil
Moerzheim Flag of Germany.svg Germany
Schifferstadt Flag of Germany.svg Germany
La Plata, Maryland
Jogeva County Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia
Walldorf Flag of Germany.svg Germany
Rockville, Maryland
Pinneberg Flag of Germany.svg Germany
  1. Paris is a "Partner City" due to the one Sister City policy of that commune.
  2. "Historic Alexandria | City of Alexandria, VA". Oha.alexandriava.gov. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  3. Exploration phase
  4. Town twin Archived February 12, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  5. Rejected by Washington due to not being a national capital.
  6. "Sisterhood Partnerships". Fairfaxcounty.gov. Archived from the original on March 21, 2016. Retrieved November 19, 2012.

See also

Related Research Articles

Frederick County, Maryland County in Maryland, US

Frederick County is located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 240,336. The county seat is Frederick.

Charles County, Maryland County in Maryland, US

Charles County is a county in Southern Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 146,551. The county seat is La Plata. The county was named for Charles Calvert (1637–1715), third Baron Baltimore.

Manassas Park, Virginia Independent city in Virginia, United States

Manassas Park is an independent city in the U.S. state of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,273. Manassas Park is bordered by the city of Manassas and Prince William County. Manassas Park is a part of the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. "A" Fort and Battery Hill Redoubt-Camp Early is located in Manassas Park.

Fairfax County, Virginia County in Virginia

Fairfax County, officially the County of Fairfax, is located in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. Part of Northern Virginia, Fairfax County borders both the City of Alexandria and Arlington County and forms part of the suburban ring of Washington, D.C. The county is thus predominantly suburban in character, with some urban and rural pockets.

Arlington County, Virginia Urban area in the United States

Arlington County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia, often referred to simply as Arlington or Arlington, Virginia. The county is situated in Northern Virginia on the southwestern bank of the Potomac River directly across from the District of Columbia, of which it was once a part, under the name Alexandria County. The county is coterminous with the U.S. Census Bureau's census-designated place of Arlington. Arlington is considered to be the second-largest "principal city" of the Washington metropolitan area.

McLean, Virginia Census-designated place and unincorporated community in Virginia

McLean is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Fairfax County in Northern Virginia. McLean is home to many diplomats, military, members of Congress, and high-ranking government officials partially due to its proximity to Washington, D.C., The Pentagon and the Central Intelligence Agency. It is the location of Hickory Hill, the former home of Ethel Kennedy, the widow of Robert F. Kennedy. It is also the location of Salona, the former home of Light-Horse Harry Lee, the Revolutionary War hero. The community had an estimated total population of 53,673 in 2015, according to estimates prepared by the United States Census Bureau. It is located between the Potomac River and the town of Vienna. McLean is often distinguished by its luxury homes and its nearby high-profit shopping destinations: Tysons Corner Center and Tysons Galleria. The two McLean zip codes – 22101 and 22102 – are among the most expensive ZIP Codes in Virginia and the United States. In 2018, data from the American Community Survey revealed that McLean was the 3rd wealthiest city in the United States, based on its poverty rate of 2.6% and its median household income of $190,258.

Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area CSA in the United States

The Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area is a combined statistical area consisting of the overlapping labor market region of the cities of Washington, D.C. and Baltimore, Maryland. The region includes Central Maryland, Northern Virginia, three counties in the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia, and one county in South Central Pennsylvania. It is the most educated, highest-income, and fourth largest combined statistical area in the United States.

Blue Line (Washington Metro) Washington Metro rapid transit line

The Blue Line is a rapid transit line of the Washington Metro system, consisting of 27 stations in Fairfax County, Alexandria and Arlington, Virginia; the District of Columbia; and Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. The Blue Line runs from Franconia–Springfield to Largo Town Center. The line shares tracks with the Orange Line for 13 stations, the Silver Line for 18, and the Yellow Line for six. Only three stations are exclusive to the Blue Line.

Orange Line (Washington Metro) Washington Metro rapid transit line

The Orange Line is a rapid transit line of the Washington Metro system, consisting of 26 stations in Fairfax County and Arlington, Virginia; the District of Columbia; and Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. The Orange Line runs from Vienna in Virginia to New Carrollton in Maryland. Half of the line's stations are shared with the Blue Line and over two thirds are shared with the Silver Line. Orange Line service began on November 20, 1978.

Yellow Line (Washington Metro) Washington Metro rapid transit line

The Yellow Line is a rapid transit line of the Washington Metro system, consisting of 21 stations in Fairfax County, Alexandria, and Arlington County, Virginia, as well as Washington, D.C. and Prince George's County, Maryland. The Yellow Line runs from Huntington in Virginia to Greenbelt station during all times since May 2019. Before then, it used to short turns at Mount Vernon Square during peak hours and ended at Fort Totten station during off-peak hours.

Northern Virginia Region in Virginia, United States

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The Capital Beltway is a 64-mile (103 km) Interstate Highway that surrounds Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, and its inner suburbs in adjacent Maryland and Virginia. It is the basis of the phrase "inside the Beltway", used when referring to issues dealing with U.S. government and politics. The highway is signed as Interstate 495 (I-495) for its entire length, and its southern and eastern half runs concurrently with I-95.

The George Washington Memorial Parkway, colloquially the G.W. Parkway, is a 25-mile-long (40 km) parkway that runs along the south bank of the Potomac River from Mount Vernon, Virginia, northwest to McLean, Virginia, and is maintained by the National Park Service (NPS). It is located almost entirely within Virginia, except for a short portion of the parkway northwest of the Arlington Memorial Bridge that passes over Columbia Island within the District of Columbia.

Metrobus (Washington, D.C.)

Metrobus is a bus service operated by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA). Its fleet consists of 1,595 buses covering an area of 1,500 square miles (3,900 km2) in Washington, D.C., Maryland and Virginia. There are 269 bus routes serving 11,129 stops, including 2,554 bus shelters. In 2016, Metrobus provided approximately 123.6 million trips. On a typical weekday in June 2017, it provided more than 390,000 trips.

Transportation in Washington, D.C. Overview of the transportation in Washington, DC

Washington, D.C. has a number of different modes of transportation available for use. Commuters have a major influence on travel patterns, with only 28% of people employed in Washington, D.C. commuting from within the city, whereas 33.5% commute from the nearby Maryland suburbs, 22.7% from Northern Virginia, and the rest from Washington, D.C.'s outlying suburbs.

Asian Americans started to become a significant part of the Washington metropolitan area in the late twentieth century.

Northern Virginia is part of the Washington Metropolitan Area of the United States, and its surface transit system is integrated with that of the city of Washington, D.C. However, because of the Potomac River separating Northern Virginia from the city, the two systems have evolved largely independently. At present, most major bus routes, including all that cross the Potomac, are operated by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA), while several smaller systems are city- or county-owned. Since the Washington Metro opened to Virginia, most of the bus routes have terminated on either side of the Potomac River, where passengers can transfer to the rapid transit system, or to one of the few WMATA Metrobus routes that cross the river.

Hagerstown, Maryland City in Maryland, United States

Hagerstown is a city in Washington County, Maryland, United States and the county seat of Washington County. The population of Hagerstown city proper at the 2010 census was 39,662, and the population of the Hagerstown-Martinsburg Metropolitan Area was 269,140. Hagerstown ranks as Maryland's sixth-largest incorporated city.

The Washington Blvd.–Dunn Loring Line, designated as Route 2A, is a daily bus route operated by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority between Dunn Loring station of the Orange Line of the Washington Metro and Ballston–MU station of the Orange and Silver lines of the Washington Metro. This line provides service within the neighborhoods of Merrifield, Falls Church and Ballston in Fairfax County, the City of Falls Church, and Arlington County. Trips are roughly between 15 and 30 minutes on weekdays, and 30 to 45 minutes on weekends.


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Coordinates: 38°53′12.33″N77°2′29.85″W / 38.8867583°N 77.0416250°W / 38.8867583; -77.0416250