Essex County, Virginia

Last updated
Essex County
Essex County VA courthouse2.JPG
Essex County Courthouse in Tappahannock
Essexcountyseal.png
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting Essex County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Virginia in United States.svg
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°56′N76°57′W / 37.94°N 76.95°W / 37.94; -76.95
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Virginia.svg  Virginia
Founded1692
Seat Tappahannock
Largest townTappahannock
Area
  Total286 sq mi (740 km2)
  Land257 sq mi (670 km2)
  Water29 sq mi (80 km2)  10.1%
Population
 (2010)
  Total11,151
  Estimate 
(2018)
10,919
  Density39/sq mi (15/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 1st
Website www.essex-virginia.org

Essex County is a county located in the Middle Peninsula in the U.S. state of Virginia; the peninsula is bordered by the Rappahannock River on the north and King and Queen County on the south. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,151. [1] Its county seat is Tappahannock. [2]

Contents

History

Essex County was established in 1692 from the old Rappahannock County, Virginia (not to be confused with the present-day Rappahannock County, Virginia). The county is named for either the shire or county in England, or for the Earl of Essex.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 286 square miles (740 km2), of which 257 square miles (670 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (10.1%) is water. [3] Its main town, Tappahanock, is focused at the Rappahanock River.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1790 9,122
1800 9,5084.2%
1810 9,376−1.4%
1820 9,9095.7%
1830 10,5216.2%
1840 11,3097.5%
1850 10,206−9.8%
1860 10,4692.6%
1870 9,927−5.2%
1880 11,03211.1%
1890 10,047−8.9%
1900 9,701−3.4%
1910 9,105−6.1%
1920 8,542−6.2%
1930 6,976−18.3%
1940 7,0060.4%
1950 6,530−6.8%
1960 6,6902.5%
1970 7,0996.1%
1980 8,86424.9%
1990 8,689−2.0%
2000 9,98915.0%
2010 11,15111.6%
2018 (est.)10,919 [4] −2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [5]
1790-1960 [6] 1900-1990 [7]
1990-2000 [8] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the census [9] of 2000, there were 9,989 people, 3,995 households, and 2,740 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 people per square mile (15/km2). There were 4,926 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 57.96% White, 39.04% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.81% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. 0.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,995 households, out of which 28.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.70% were married couples living together, 14.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.90% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, and 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,395, and the median income for a family was $43,588. Males had a median income of $29,736 versus $22,253 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,994. About 7.70% of families and 11.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.80% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Board of supervisors

Constitutional officers

Essex is represented by Republican Ryan T. McDougle in the Virginia Senate, Republican M. Keith Hodges in the Virginia House of Delegates, and Republican Robert J. "Rob" Wittman in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [10]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 49.8%3,07549.2% 3,0381.1% 65
2016 49.5%2,65747.3% 2,5423.2% 173
2012 45.9% 2,60253.2%3,0161.0% 57
2008 44.4% 2,37954.7%2,9341.0% 51
2004 53.0%2,30446.2% 2,0070.8% 33
2000 52.1%1,99545.7% 1,7502.2% 86
1996 46.1% 1,62747.2%1,6686.7% 238
1992 48.6%1,89740.6% 1,58310.9% 424
1988 60.6%2,03838.5% 1,2941.0% 33
1984 61.6%2,12037.8% 1,3000.6% 20
1980 52.9%1,58142.9% 1,2804.2% 126
1976 50.6%1,38047.8% 1,3061.6% 44
1972 62.6%1,48234.1% 8083.3% 78
1968 36.6% 79141.5%89722.0% 476
1964 50.9%78949.0% 7600.1% 1
1960 54.3%60645.6% 5090.2% 2
1956 55.5%59730.5% 32814.0% 151
1952 52.5%61046.9% 5450.7% 8
1948 34.0% 22150.5%32915.5% 101
1944 26.0% 17973.7%5080.3% 2
1940 20.9% 14578.9%5470.1% 1
1936 18.0% 11681.7%5270.3% 2
1932 19.3% 10180.2%4200.6% 3
1928 37.8% 19562.2%321
1924 15.6% 6082.0%3152.3% 9
1920 24.1% 10176.0%319
1916 20.3% 7779.7%302
1912 19.9% 7277.0%2783.1% 11

Education

Essex County Public Schools (ECPS) is the public schools system for Essex County, Virginia, United States. [11] The following schools make up the Essex County Public Schools system:

Tappahannock Elementary School (Grades PK - 4th) [12]
Essex Intermediate School (Grades 5th - 8th) [13]
Essex High School (Grades 9th - 12th) [14]

Other schools located in Essex County include:

St Margaret's School (Grades 8th - 12th, girls only) [15]
Tappahannock Junior Academy (Grades K - 10th) [16]
Aylett Country Day School (Grades PK - 8th) [17]

Communities

Town

Unincorporated communities

Notable residents

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved July 14, 2019.
  5. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
  6. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
  7. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
  8. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
  9. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  10. David Leip. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2020-12-09.
  11. http://www.essex.k12.va.us Essex
  12. "Home - Tappahannock Elementary School". essextes.sharpschool.net.
  13. "Home - Essex Intermediate School". eis.essex.k12.va.us.
  14. "Home - Essex High School". essexehs.sharpschool.net.
  15. "St. Margaret's - Girls Boarding School Near Fredericksburg & Richmond, VA". www.sms.org.
  16. "Home : Tappahannock Junior Academy Tappahannock VA". tappahannock22.adventistschoolconnect.org.
  17. "Aylett Country Day School~Home of the Patriots". www.acdspatriots.net.

Coordinates: 37°56′N76°57′W / 37.94°N 76.95°W / 37.94; -76.95