Clarke County, Virginia

Last updated

Clarke County
County
Old Clarke County Courthouse VA1.jpg
Old Clarke County Courthouse and Confederate monument
Flag of Clarke County, Virginia.png
Seal of Clarke County, Virginia.png
Map of Virginia highlighting Clarke County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Virginia in United States.svg
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°07′N78°00′W / 39.12°N 78°W / 39.12; -78
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Virginia.svg  Virginia
Founded1836
Named for George Rogers Clark
Seat Berryville
Largest townBerryville
Area
  Total178 sq mi (460 km2)
  Land176 sq mi (460 km2)
  Water2.2 sq mi (6 km2)  1.2%
Population
 (2020)
  Total14,783
  Density83/sq mi (32/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 10th
Website clarkecounty.gov

Clarke County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 14,783. [1] Its county seat is Berryville. [2] Clarke County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

The first settlement of the Virginia Colony in the future Clarke County was in 1736 by Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron who built a home, Greenway Court, on part of his 5 million acres (20,000 km2) property, near what is now the village of White Post. White Post was named for the large signpost pointing the way to Lord Fairfax's home.

As it lay just west of the Blue Ridge border demarcated under Governor Spotswood at Albany in 1722, the area was claimed along with the rest of the Shenandoah Valley by the Six Nations Iroquois (who had overrun it during the later Beaver Wars in around 1672), until the Treaty of Lancaster in 1744, when it was purchased from them by Governor Gooch.

Many of the early settlers of what became Clarke County were children of Tidewater planters, who settled on large land grants from Lord Fairfax. Two thirds of the county was settled by the plantation group, and the plantation lifestyle thrived until the Civil War. County status came in 1836, when it was divided off from Frederick County. Clarke County was known for its large crops of wheat.

During the American Civil War, John S. Mosby, "the Gray Ghost" of the Confederacy, raided General Philip Sheridan's supply train in the summer of 1864, in Berryville. The Battle of Cool Spring was fought in Clarke County on July 17 and 18, 1864, followed by the Battle of Berryville on September 3, 1864.

In 1881 was founded the Bank of Clarke County, a still-functional regional bank with headquarters in Berryville. [3]

Early in the 20th century, the future Virginia politician Harry F. Byrd Sr. and his wife established their first home near Berryville, where he undertook extensive agricultural activity growing peaches and apples. Byrd became a state senator in the upper house of the Virginia General Assembly, served a term as a Governor of Virginia, and was a United States senator for over 30 years. He headed the powerful Byrd Organization, which dominated state politics between the mid-1920s and the 1960s.

In 1996, Forrest Pritchard revitalized Smithfield Farm by starting a grass-fed,sustainable livestock operation. Renamed 'Smith Meadows', it is currently one of the oldest fully grass-finished farms in the United States, and its story was chronicled in the New York Times bestseller Gaining Ground.

Historic buildings and structures

Geography

Clarke County, Virginia.svg
Clarke

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 178 square miles (460 km2), of which 176 square miles (460 km2) is land and 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) (1.2%) is water. [4] It is the third-smallest county in Virginia by total area.

Adjacent counties

Government

Board of Supervisors

Constitutional officers

Clarke County is represented by Republican Jill Holtzman Vogel in the Virginia Senate, Republican Dave LaRock and Democrat Wendy Gooditis in the Virginia House of Delegates, and Democrat Jennifer Wexton in the U.S. House of Representatives.

United States presidential election results for Clarke County, Virginia [5]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 5,19255.61%3,92041.98%2252.41%
2016 4,66156.75%3,05137.15%5016.10%
2012 4,29655.35%3,23941.73%2272.92%
2008 3,84051.68%3,45746.52%1341.80%
2004 3,74157.51%2,69941.49%651.00%
2000 2,88354.56%2,16640.99%2354.45%
1996 2,20148.17%1,90641.72%46210.11%
1992 1,99442.90%1,81138.96%84318.14%
1988 2,50262.24%1,47836.77%401.00%
1984 2,52967.21%1,21532.29%190.50%
1980 1,87657.44%1,15635.39%2347.16%
1976 1,44051.54%1,27645.67%782.79%
1972 1,81669.13%71527.22%963.65%
1968 1,12742.62%76829.05%74928.33%
1964 1,06848.41%1,13651.50%20.09%
1960 80446.31%92353.17%90.52%
1956 78548.91%72545.17%955.92%
1952 80952.88%71646.80%50.33%
1948 38433.16%48241.62%29225.22%
1944 41533.58%81666.02%50.40%
1940 33324.13%1,04375.58%40.29%
1936 19817.35%94082.38%30.26%
1932 12412.74%84186.43%80.82%
1928 24825.10%74074.90%00.00%
1924 769.76%68788.19%162.05%
1920 15415.78%77479.30%484.92%
1916 497.66%59092.19%10.16%
1912 396.19%57691.43%152.38%


Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1840 6,353
1850 7,35215.7%
1860 7,146−2.8%
1870 6,670−6.7%
1880 7,68215.2%
1890 8,0715.1%
1900 7,927−1.8%
1910 7,468−5.8%
1920 7,165−4.1%
1930 7,1670.0%
1940 7,159−0.1%
1950 7,074−1.2%
1960 7,94212.3%
1970 8,1022.0%
1980 9,96523.0%
1990 12,10121.4%
2000 12,6524.6%
2010 14,03410.9%
2020 14,7835.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790–1960 [7] 1900–1990 [8]
1990–2000 [9] 2010 [10] 2020 [11]

2020 census

Clarke County, Virginia - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / EthnicityPop 2010 [10] Pop 2020 [11] % 2010% 2020
White alone (NH)12,38712,30988.26%83.26%
Black or African American alone (NH)7425645.29%3.82%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)35330.25%0.22%
Asian alone (NH)1212100.86%1.42%
Pacific Islander alone (NH)5150.04%0.10%
Some Other Race alone (NH)15890.11%0.60%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)2396761.70%4.57%
Hispanic or Latino (any race)4908873.49%6.00%
Total14,03414,783100.00%100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census

As of the census [12] of 2000, there were 12,652 people, 4,942 households, and 3,513 families residing in the county. The population density was 72 inhabitants per square mile (28/km2). There were 5,388 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile (12/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.15% White, 6.73% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. 1.46% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

By 2005 90.1% of Clarke County's population was non-Hispanic whites. 6.3% were African-American. 0.2% Native American. 0.6% Asian. 2.6% were Latino.

There were 4,942 households, out of which 29.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.40% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 27.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $51,601, and the median income for a family was $59,750. Males had a median income of $40,254 versus $30,165 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,844. About 4.20% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.10% of those under age 18 and 11.10% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

US 340 near Berryville in Clarke County 2019-08-16 17 39 00 View north along U.S. Route 340 (Lord Fairfax Highway) from the overpass for Virginia State Route 7 (Harry Byrd Highway-Berryville Bypass) in Stringtown, Clarke County, Virginia.jpg
US 340 near Berryville in Clarke County

Major highways

The Norfolk Southern Railway's H-Line runs the perimeter of Clarke County.

Service

Communities

Towns

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

See also

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References

  1. "Clarke County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. "History of Bank of Clarke County". Archived from the original on February 3, 2017. Retrieved March 10, 2017.
  4. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. David Leip. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved December 8, 2020.
  6. "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau . Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on December 26, 2013. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  8. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 15, 2013. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  10. 1 2 "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Clarke County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau .
  11. 1 2 "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Clarke County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau .
  12. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 14, 2011.

Coordinates: 39°07′N78°00′W / 39.12°N 78.00°W / 39.12; -78.00