Isle of Wight County, Virginia

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Isle of Wight County
Isle of Wight Courthouse, Isle of Wight, VA.jpg
Isle of Wight Courthouse and Confederate Monument
Isle of Wight Seal.png
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting Isle of Wight County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Virginia in United States.svg
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°55′N76°43′W / 36.91°N 76.71°W / 36.91; -76.71
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Virginia.svg  Virginia
Founded1634
Named for Isle of Wight
Seat Isle of Wight
Largest town Smithfield
Area
  Total363 sq mi (940 km2)
  Land316 sq mi (820 km2)
  Water47 sq mi (120 km2)  13.0%
Population
 (2010)
  Total35,270
  Estimate 
(2018) [1]
36,953
  Density97/sq mi (38/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 3rd
Website www.co.isle-of-wight.va.us

Isle of Wight County is a county located in the Hampton Roads region of the U.S. state of Virginia. It was named after the British Isle of Wight, south of the Solent, from where many of its early colonists had come. [2] As of the 2010 census, the population was 35,270. [3] Its county seat is Isle of Wight. [4]

Contents

Isle of Wight County is located in the Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its northeastern boundary is on the coast of Hampton Roads waterway.

Isle of Wight County features two incorporated towns, Smithfield and Windsor. The first courthouse for the county was built in Smithfield in 1750. The original courthouse and its associated tavern (The Smithfield Inn) are still standing.

As the county population developed, leaders thought they needed a county seat near the center of the area. They built a new courthouse near the center of the county in 1800. The 1800 brick courthouse and its associated tavern (Boykin's Tavern) are still standing, as are the 1822 clerk's offices nearby. Some additions have been made. The 1800 courthouse is used daily, serving as the government chambers for the Board of Supervisors, as well as the meeting hall for the School Board. The chambers are sometimes used as a court for civil trials if the new courthouse is fully in use. The new courthouse opened in 2010; it is across the street from the sheriff's office and county offices complex.

History

During the 17th century, shortly after establishment of the settlement at Jamestown in 1607, English settlers explored and began settling the areas adjacent to the large Hampton Roads waterway. Captain John Smith in 1608 crossed the James River and obtained fourteen bushels of corn from the Native American inhabitants, the Warrosquyoack or Warraskoyak. They were a tribe of the Powhatan Confederacy, who had three towns in the area of modern Smithfield. English colonists drove the Warraskoyak from their villages in 1622 and 1627, as part of their reprisals for the Great Massacre of 1622, in which the Native Americans had decimated English settlements, hoping to drive them out of their territory.

The first English plantations along the south shore within present-day Isle of Wight were established by Puritan colonists, beginning with that of Christopher Lawne in May 1618, and Edward Bennett (colonist) in 1621. Several members of the Puritan Bennett family also settled there, including Edward's nephew, Richard Bennett. He led the Puritans to neighboring Nansemond in 1635, and later was appointed as governor of the Virginia Colony.

By 1634, the entire Colony consisted of eight shires or counties with a total population of approximately 5,000 inhabitants. Warrosquyoake Shire was renamed in 1637 as Isle of Wight County, after the island off the south coast of England. The original name had come derived from the Native Americans of the area; it went through transliteration and Anglicisation, eventually becoming known as "Warwicke Squeake".

On October 20, 1673 the "Grand Assembly" at Jamestown authorized both Isle of Wight County and Lower Norfolk County to construct a fort. [5]

St. Luke's Church , built in the 17th century, is Virginia's oldest church building. [6] In the late 20th century, it was designated as a National Historic Landmark in recognition of its significance. Many landmark and contributing structures on the National Register are located in Smithfield including the Wentworth-Grinnan House.

In 1732 a considerable portion of the northwestern part of the original shire was added to Brunswick County, and in 1748 the entire county of Southampton was carved out of it.

During the American Civil War, Company F of the 61st Virginia Infantry Regiment of the Confederate Army was called the "Isle of Wight Avengers."

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 363 square miles (940 km2), of which 316 square miles (820 km2) is land and 47 square miles (120 km2) (13.0%) is water. [7]

The county is bounded by the James River on the north and the Blackwater River to the south. The land is generally low-lying, with many swamps and pocosins.

Adjacent counties and independent cities

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1790 9,028
1800 9,3423.5%
1810 9,186−1.7%
1820 10,13910.4%
1830 10,5173.7%
1840 9,972−5.2%
1850 9,353−6.2%
1860 9,9776.7%
1870 8,320−16.6%
1880 10,57227.1%
1890 11,3137.0%
1900 13,10215.8%
1910 14,92913.9%
1920 14,433−3.3%
1930 13,409−7.1%
1940 13,381−0.2%
1950 14,90611.4%
1960 17,16415.1%
1970 18,2856.5%
1980 21,60318.1%
1990 25,50318.1%
2000 29,72816.6%
2010 35,27018.6%
2018 (est.)36,953 [1] 4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]
1790-1960 [9] 1900-1990 [10]
1990-2000 [11] 2010-2015 [3]

As of the census [12] of 2010, there were 35,270 people, 11,319 households, and 8,670 families residing in the county. The population density was 94 people per square mile (36/km2). There were 12,066 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile (15/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 71.8% White, 24.7% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. 1.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,319 households, out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.40% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.40% were non-families. 20.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.40% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 26.20% from 45 to 64, and 12.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,387, and the median income for a family was $52,597. Males had a median income of $37,853 versus $22,990 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,235. About 6.60% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.80% of those under age 18 and 11.90% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Board of Supervisors

Constitutional officers

State & federal elected officials

House of Delegates:

Senate:

U.S. House of Representatives:

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [13]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 58.4%13,70740.1% 9,3991.5% 350
2016 57.9%12,20437.4% 7,8814.7% 990
2012 56.7%11,80242.1% 8,7611.3% 264
2008 56.3%11,25842.9% 8,5730.8% 166
2004 62.6%9,92937.0% 5,8710.5% 71
2000 58.6%7,58739.9% 5,1621.6% 201
1996 47.6%5,41643.6% 4,9528.8% 1,001
1992 47.2%5,37038.5% 4,38014.4% 1,637
1988 60.1%5,77939.0% 3,7471.0% 95
1984 60.2%5,66438.8% 3,6501.0% 98
1980 45.3% 3,52650.8%3,9513.9% 307
1976 38.8% 2,71859.1%4,1452.1% 146
1972 59.3%3,55538.4% 2,3052.3% 138
1968 23.3% 1,31235.1% 1,97741.6%2,346
1964 39.5% 1,73760.4%2,6560.1% 6
1960 35.9% 1,14163.6%2,0200.5% 16
1956 47.1% 1,29848.0%1,3244.9% 135
1952 44.5% 99654.9%1,2270.6% 14
1948 27.8% 44266.9%1,0645.3% 85
1944 26.7% 43073.3%1,178
1940 15.5% 20884.6%1,138
1936 16.8% 20783.0%1,0250.2% 3
1932 22.3% 28477.0%9820.7% 9
1928 51.1%55548.9% 531
1924 23.0% 19076.3%6310.7% 6
1920 24.4% 24575.5%7590.1% 1
1916 17.1% 14082.8%6790.1% 1
1912 8.5% 7580.1%70811.4% 101

Public services

Blackwater Regional Library is the regional library system that provides services to the citizens of Isle of Wight.

Communities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

See also

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Rushmere, Virginia Census-designated place in Virginia, United States

Rushmere is a census-designated place (CDP) in Isle of Wight County, Virginia, United States. The population was 1,018 at the 2010 census.

Smithfield, Virginia Town in Virginia, United States

Smithfield is a town in Isle of Wight County, in the South Hampton Roads subregion of the Hampton Roads region of Virginia in the United States. The population was 8,089 at the 2010 census.

Windsor, Virginia Town in Virginia, United States

Windsor is an incorporated town in Isle of Wight County in the Hampton Roads region of southeastern Virginia in the United States. It is located near the crossroads of U.S. Route 460 and U.S. Route 258. The population was 2,626 at the 2010 census, up from 916 at the 2000 census.

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Warrosquoake Shire was officially formed in 1634 in the Virginia colony, but had already been known as "Warascoyack County" before this. It was named for an Algonquian-speaking tribe that was part of the Powhatan Confederacy. The county was renamed in 1637 as Isle of Wight County, after an island in the English Channel.

Carrsville, Virginia Census-designated place in Virginia, United States

Carrsville is a census-designated place (CDP) in Isle of Wight County in the Hampton Roads region of southeastern Virginia in the United States. The population as of the 2010 Census was 359. The town is named for Jesse Carr, whose family had long roots in Isle of Wight County. Jesse Carr died in the place that would later bear his name.

References

  1. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Archived from the original on May 29, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2019.
  2. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp.  167.
  3. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
  4. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. "America and West Indies: March 1676." Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 9, 1675-1676 and Addenda 1574-1674. Ed. W Noel Sainsbury. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1893. 355-365. British History Online Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-05-05. Retrieved 2007-05-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), Historic St. Luke's website
  7. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
  9. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
  10. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 15, 2013. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
  11. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
  12. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  13. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on 2020-12-09.

Coordinates: 36°55′N76°43′W / 36.91°N 76.71°W / 36.91; -76.71