Cumberland County, Virginia

Last updated

Cumberland County
Cumberland VA - county courthouse.jpg
Cumberland County Courthouse
Cumberlandcountyseal.png
Map of Virginia highlighting Cumberland County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Virginia in United States.svg
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°31′N78°14′W / 37.51°N 78.24°W / 37.51; -78.24
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Virginia.svg  Virginia
Founded1749
Named for William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland
Seat Cumberland
Largest town Farmville
Area
  Total300 sq mi (800 km2)
  Land297 sq mi (770 km2)
  Water2.3 sq mi (6 km2)  0.8%
Population
 (2020)
  Total9,675
  Density32/sq mi (12/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 5th
Website cumberlandcounty
.virginia.gov

Cumberland County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population was 9,675. [1] Its county seat is Cumberland. [2]

Contents

History

Cumberland County was established in 1749 from Goochland County. The county is named for William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, second son of King George II of Great Britain. Cumberland County was also home to the Fleming family, which included Judge John Fleming and his son Judge William Fleming.

From 1749 until 1777, when the eastern portion was detached to form Powhatan County, Mosby Tavern served as the county courthouse. The tavern subsequently became known as "Old Cumberland Courthouse." In 1778 the narrow triangular area bordering the southern bank of the James River was annexed from Buckingham County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 300 square miles (780 km2), of which 297 sq mi (770 km2) is land and 2.3 sq mi (6.0 km2) (0.8%) is water. [3]

Adjacent Counties

Major highways

Demographics

This rural county suffered a long decline in population from 1880 to 1970, as the number of workers needed for agriculture was reduced through mechanization. Since then its population has grown, reaching a peak in 2010 nearly equal to its 19th-century high.

Historical population
CensusPop.
1790 8,153
1800 9,83920.7%
1810 9,9921.6%
1820 11,02310.3%
1830 11,6906.1%
1840 10,399−11.0%
1850 9,751−6.2%
1860 9,9612.2%
1870 8,142−18.3%
1880 10,54029.5%
1890 9,482−10.0%
1900 8,996−5.1%
1910 9,1952.2%
1920 9,111−0.9%
1930 7,535−17.3%
1940 7,505−0.4%
1950 7,252−3.4%
1960 6,360−12.3%
1970 6,179−2.8%
1980 7,88127.5%
1990 7,825−0.7%
2000 9,01715.2%
2010 10,05211.5%
2020 9,675−3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [4]
1790-1960 [5] 1900-1990 [6]
1990-2000 [7] 2010 [8] 2020 [9]

2020 census

Cumberland County, Virginia - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / EthnicityPop 2010 [8] Pop 2020 [9] % 2010% 2020
White alone (NH)6,3536,10463.20%63.09%
Black or African American alone (NH)3,2532,81732.36%29.12%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)36390.36%0.40%
Asian alone (NH)35360.35%0.37%
Pacific Islander alone (NH)080.00%0.08%
Some Other Race alone (NH)17400.17%0.41%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)1773901.76%4.03%
Hispanic or Latino (any race)1812411.80%2.49%
Total10,0529,675100.00%100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.


2000 Census

As of the census [10] of 2000, there were 9,017 people, 3,528 households, and 2,487 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (12/km2). There were 4,085 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 60.37% White, 37.44% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.59% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. 1.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,528 households, out of which 30.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.60% were married couples living together, 14.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.50% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.70% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,816, and the median income for a family was $37,965. Males had a median income of $28,846 versus $22,521 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,103. 15.10% of the population and 11.90% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 19.60% are under the age of 18 and 16.10% are 65 or older.

Government

Board of Supervisors

Constitutional officers

Cumberland County is represented by Republican Mark Peake in the Virginia Senate, Republican Thomas C. Wright, Jr. in the Virginia House of Delegates, and Republican Bob Good in the U.S. House of Representatives.

United States presidential election results for Cumberland County, Virginia [11]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 3,01956.85%2,22741.94%641.21%
2016 2,69754.97%2,03641.50%1733.53%
2012 2,53850.28%2,42247.98%881.74%
2008 2,41851.19%2,25547.73%511.08%
2004 2,37757.61%1,72141.71%280.68%
2000 1,97456.29%1,40540.06%1283.65%
1996 1,54448.40%1,30340.85%34310.75%
1992 1,64348.55%1,28437.94%45713.50%
1988 1,97862.61%1,13235.83%491.55%
1984 2,02760.89%1,23737.16%651.95%
1980 1,51550.10%1,35544.81%1545.09%
1976 1,28446.57%1,30247.23%1716.20%
1972 1,37157.75%96940.82%341.43%
1968 84434.70%97840.21%61025.08%
1964 1,09955.59%87144.06%70.35%
1960 69154.75%55944.29%120.95%
1956 56642.91%33125.09%42231.99%
1952 69554.42%57444.95%80.63%
1948 21926.94%42452.15%17020.91%
1944 21831.82%46367.59%40.58%
1940 15728.09%39670.84%61.07%
1936 13622.08%47677.27%40.65%
1932 8413.82%51184.05%132.14%
1928 21332.52%44267.48%00.00%
1924 6112.53%39881.72%285.75%
1920 11421.47%41377.78%40.75%
1916 7314.07%44685.93%00.00%
1912 102.48%36289.60%327.92%


Education

Cumberland County Public Schools serves over 1400 students in the county [12] . The district operates Cumberland Elementary School (PreK-4), Cumberland Middle School (5-8), and Cumberland High School (9-12). The Superintendent is Dr. Chip Jones (2022) [13] .

Communities

Town

Unincorporated communities

Attractions and events

Bear Creek Lake State Park is located 4.5 miles (7.2 km) northwest of the town of Cumberland. Bear Creek Lake features overnight cabins, a lodge, permanent camp sites, and picnic shelters. Swimming and boating are allowed at the lake, and boat rentals are available. The park also has trails for hiking and running.

The 16,233-acre (65.69 km2) Cumberland State Forest is north of U.S. Route 60, west of State Route 45 and bordered on the west by the Willis River. The Forest has multiple purposes, including watershed protection, recreation, timber production, hunting, fishing, and applied forest research. There are two self-guided trails at Cumberland State Forest that are open for walking, hiking, horses, and mountain bikes. These are the Cumberland Multi-Use Trail (14 miles) and the Willis River Hiking Trail (16 miles). White-tailed deer, wild turkey, and bobcats are common residents of this natural area. The State forest also features five lakes which may be fished from with a Virginia State fishing license, including: Oak Hill Lake, Bear Creek Lake, Winston Lake, Arrowhead Lake, and Bonbrook Lake.

Notable people

See also

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References

  1. "Cumberland County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  4. "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau . Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  5. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  6. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  7. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  8. 1 2 "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Cumberland County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau .
  9. 1 2 "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Cumberland County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau .
  10. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  11. David Leip. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
  12. "Cumberland County Public Schools". www.cucps.k12.va.us. Retrieved August 17, 2022.
  13. "Cumberland County Public Schools". www.cucps.k12.va.us. Retrieved August 17, 2022.

Coordinates: 37°31′N78°14′W / 37.51°N 78.24°W / 37.51; -78.24