Leesburg, Virginia

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Leesburg, Virginia
Town of Leesburg
Center of Leesburg, Virginia 2012.jpg
Center of Leesburg in 2012
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Leesburg
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Leesburg
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Leesburg
Coordinates: 39°6′55″N77°33′52″W / 39.11528°N 77.56444°W / 39.11528; -77.56444 Coordinates: 39°6′55″N77°33′52″W / 39.11528°N 77.56444°W / 39.11528; -77.56444
CountryFlag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Virginia.svg  Virginia
County Flag of Loudoun County, Virginia.svg Loudoun
FoundedOctober 12, 1758
Government
  TypeTown Council-Manager
  Mayor Kelly Burk (D)
  Vice Mayor Fernando Martinez (D)
Area
[1]
  Total12.47 sq mi (32.29 km2)
  Land12.40 sq mi (32.11 km2)
  Water0.07 sq mi (0.18 km2)
Elevation
341 ft (104 m)
Population
 (2020) [2]
  Total48,250
  Estimate 
(2021) [3]
48,908
  Density4,333.17/sq mi (1,673.07/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
20175-20178
Area code(s) 703, 571
FIPS code 51-44984
GNIS feature ID1498505 [4]
Website www.leesburgva.gov

Leesburg is a town in the state of Virginia, and the county seat of Loudoun County. Settlement in the area began around 1740[ citation needed ], which is named for the Lee family, early leaders of the town and ancestors of Robert E. Lee. [5] Located in the far northeast of the state, in the War of 1812 it was a refuge for important federal documents evacuated from Washington, DC, and in the Civil War, it changed hands several times.

Contents

The town is situated at the base of Catoctin Mountain and adjacent to the Potomac River, 33 miles (53 km) northwest of Washington, D.C., for which it has largely become a commuter suburb. Its population was 48,250 as of the 2020 Census [2] and an estimated 48,908 in 2021. It is Virginia's largest incorporated town within a county (rather than being an independent city).

Situation and status

Leesburg is 33 miles (53 km) west-northwest of Washington, D.C., along the base of Catoctin Mountain and close to the Potomac River. [6] The town is the northwestern terminus of the Dulles Greenway, a private toll road that connects to the Dulles Toll Road at Washington Dulles International Airport.

Leesburg, like the rest of Loudoun County, has undergone considerable growth and development over the last 30 years, transforming from a small, rural, Piedmont town to a suburban bedroom community for commuters to the national capital. Growth in the town and its immediate area to the east (Lansdowne/Ashburn) concentrates along the Dulles Greenway and State Route 7, which roughly parallels the Potomac River between Winchester to the west and Alexandria to the east.

The Federal Aviation Administration's Washington Air Route Traffic Control Center is in Leesburg.

Etymology

Leesburg may have been named to honor the influential Thomas Lee [ citation needed ] or more generally for the Lee family. The name change was passed by an Act of Assembly in 1758. [5] Francis Lightfoot Lee and Phillip Ludwell Lee, two of Thomas' sons, were early town trustees. [4] The town is not named, as is sometimes thought, for Robert E. Lee (Thomas' great-grandnephew).

History

"Central View of Leesburg" c. 1845 Historical Collections of Virginia - Central View of Leesburg.jpg
"Central View of Leesburg" c.1845
The Wheat Building Wheat Building-Leesburg VA.jpg
The Wheat Building
Carlheim, also known as the Paxton mansion Carlheim in snow Dec2009J.jpg
Carlheim, also known as the Paxton mansion
The historic Leesburg courthouse serves as the seat of government for Loudoun County. Loudoun County Courthouse in Leesburg,Virginia.jpg
The historic Leesburg courthouse serves as the seat of government for Loudoun County.

Prior to European settlement, the area around Leesburg was occupied by various Native American tribes. John Lederer (1670) testified that the entire Piedmont region had once been occupied by the "Tacci, alias Dogi", but that the Siouan tribes, driven from the northwest, had occupied it for 400 years.[ citation needed ] In 1699, the Algonquian Piscataway (Conoy) moved to an island in the Potomac in the environs of Leesburg, and were there when the first known Europeans visited what is now Loudoun County. [7]

What would become known as the Old Carolina Road (present day U.S. Route 15) was a major route of travel between north and south for Native tribes. According to local historians, a pitched battle was fought near present Leesburg between the warring Catawba and Lenape tribes, neither of whom lived in the area. A war party of Lenape had traveled from their home in New Jersey and neighboring regions, all the way to South Carolina to inflict a blow on their distant enemies, the Catawba. As they were returning northward, a party of Catawbas overtook them before they reached the Potomac, but were defeated in a pitched battle 2 miles (3 km) south of Leesburg. The surviving Lenape buried their dead in a huge burial mound, and early settlers reported that they would return to this mound to honor their dead on the anniversary of this battle for many years thereafter. The date of this conflict is unknown, but it seems the Lenape and Catawba were indeed at war in the 1720s and 1730s. [8]

European settlement near Leesburg began in the late 1730s as Tidewater planters moved into the area from the south and east, establishing large farms and plantations.[ citation needed ] Many of the First Families of Virginia were among those to settle in the area, including the Carters, Lees and Masons.[ citation needed ] The genesis of Leesburg occurred sometime before 1755 when Nicholas Minor acquired land around the intersection of the Old Carolina Road and the Potomac Ridge Road (present-day Route 7) and established a tavern there.[ citation needed ] Despite lack of growth around the tavern, upon Loudoun County's formation in 1757, Minor dubbed the sparse collection of buildings about his tavern "George Town" in honor of the reigning monarch of Great Britain.[ citation needed ] The village's prosperity changed the following year when the British Colonial Council ordered the establishment of the county courthouse at the crossroads.[ citation needed ] Accordingly, Minor had a town laid out on the traditional Virginia plan of six criss-cross streets. On October 12 of that year (1758) the Virginia General Assembly founded the town of Leesburg upon the 60 acres (0.24 km2) that Minor laid out. [7] Leesburg was renamed to honor the influential Thomas Lee and not, as is popular belief, his son Francis Lightfoot Lee who lived in Loudoun and brought up the bill to establish Leesburg. [9] [ failed verification ] When the post office was established in Leesburg in 1803 the branch was named "Leesburgh"; the "h" persisted until 1894. [7]

During the War of 1812, Leesburg served as a temporary haven for the United States government and its archives (including the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution and portraits of early American leaders like Benjamin Franklin) when it was forced to flee Washington in the face of the British Army.[ citation needed ] Some websites have claimed that this resulted in Leesburg temporarily becoming the capital of the United States. However, these claims are not true, as none of the U.S. government bodies were present in Leesburg at the time. [10] When reconstruction began on the Capitol, Potomac marble from quarries just south of Leesburg was used. [7]

Early in the American Civil War Leesburg was the site of the Battle of Ball's Bluff, a small but significant Confederate victory. The battlefield, along the Potomac River 2 miles (3 km) northeast of the town center, is marked by one of America's smallest national cemeteries. The town frequently changed hands over the course of the war as both armies traversed the area during the Maryland and Gettysburg campaigns. The Battle of Mile Hill was fought just north of the town prior to its occupation by Robert E. Lee in September 1862. [11] Leesburg also served as a base of operations for Col. John S. Mosby and his partisan Raiders. Some people consider the local courthouse among the few courthouses in Virginia not burned during the Civil War (1861–1865); the present one was built in 1894.

In the 20th century, Leesburg was the home of World War II General George C. Marshall, architect of the famous Marshall Plan that helped re-build Europe after the war, and radio personality Arthur Godfrey, who donated land for the town's first airport.

Today Leesburg continues to serve as the center of government and commerce for Loudoun County. The town's Historic District was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970 and cited as one of the best preserved and most picturesque downtowns in Virginia. [12] Downtown merchants have recently labeled themselves "Loudoun's Original Town Center", largely in response to the growing number of mixed-use shopping areas in proximity. [13] Leesburg has served as the Loudoun county seat continuously since the county's formation in 1757. [14]

Historic sites

The Leesburg area contains 21 entries on the National Register of Historic Places, including:

At least 63 historic markers are located in and near Leesburg. [22]

Geography

Leesburg is located northeast of the center of Loudoun County at 39°7′N77°33′W / 39.117°N 77.550°W / 39.117; -77.550 (39.109, 77.558), [23] It is part of the northern Virginia Piedmont and sits at the base of the easternmost chain of the Blue Ridge Mountains, Catoctin Mountain. The town lies in the Culpeper Basin (an inland sea during the Jurassic period) and is adjacent to the valley of the Potomac River, so that the local relief is less pronounced than in other Virginia Piedmont towns.[ citation needed ] Elevation in town ranges from about 350 to 400 feet (110 to 120 m), with the ridge of Catoctin Mountain rising to 670 feet (200 m) just west of the town limits. The Town Branch of Tuscarora Creek passes through the center of town, flowing east to Goose Creek, a tributary of the Potomac.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 12.4 square miles (32 km2), of which 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2), or 0.54%, are water. [1]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 1,691
1860 1,130−33.2%
1870 1,1441.2%
1880 1,72650.9%
1890 1,650−4.4%
1900 1,513−8.3%
1910 1,5975.6%
1920 1,545−3.3%
1930 1,6406.1%
1940 1,6983.5%
1950 1,7030.3%
1960 2,86968.5%
1970 4,82168.0%
1980 8,35773.3%
1990 16,20293.9%
2000 28,31174.7%
2010 42,61650.5%
2020 48,25013.2%

Census estimates as of July 1, 2018, showed the population of Leesburg at 53,917 people. According to the 2010 census, there were 42,616 people including 14,441 households, and 10,522 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,673 people per square mile (1,418.2/km2). There were 15,119 housing units at an average density of 1220.2 per square mile (471.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 71.1% White, 9.5% African American, 0.4% Native American, 7.1% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 7.5% from other races, and 4.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.4% of the population.

Of all households, 44.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.1% were non-families. 21.1% were made up of individuals, and 4.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.42.

By age, the population was 30.7% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.

The median income of the households in the town was $68,861, and the median income of the families was $78,111 (these figures had risen to $87,346 and $105,260 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $51,267 versus $35,717 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,116. About 2.4% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education and public services

Leesburg has four public high schools operated by the Loudoun County Public School system: Loudoun County High School, Heritage High School, Tuscarora High School, and Riverside High School. [24]

Leesburg is also served by several private schools, including Providence Academy, a K–8 non-denominational Christian school; Leesburg Christian School, a K–12 non-denominational Christian school; and pre-K-8 Loudoun Country Day School.

The Leesburg Volunteer Fire Company provides fire protection services. [25] The Loudoun County Volunteer Rescue Squad provides rescue and emergency medical services. [26] Both the fire company and rescue squad are volunteer organizations supplemented with partial staffing from the Loudoun County Department of Fire, Rescue and Emergency Management. [27] The fire company can trace its roots back to 1803; the rescue squad was formed in 1952. [28]

Leesburg is served by a town police department. [29] The Leesburg Police Department (LPD) has an authorized strength of 90 sworn officers and provides 24/7 patrol service to the town, as well as handling criminal investigations, traffic control, and special operations within the town. The department is completely separate from the Loudoun County Sheriff's Office, which is Loudoun County's primary law enforcement agency and provides security for the courthouse in Leesburg. The LPD was formed in 1758.

Media

The Loudoun Times-Mirror is a Leesburg-based weekly newspaper serving Loudoun County. There are no longer any local radio stations after the former WAGE (now WCRW) was shut down in 2007. Leesburg is assigned to the Washington, D.C. media market, and is covered by its major television and radio stations; broadcasters from Baltimore, Frederick, and Winchester are also readily available.

Transportation

View north along US 15 and east along SR 7 on the Leesburg Bypass 2019-09-03 13 11 06 View north along U.S. Route 15 and east along Virginia State Route 7 (Leesburg Bypass) from the overpass for Sycolin Road Southeast in Leesburg, Loudoun County, Virginia.jpg
View north along US 15 and east along SR 7 on the Leesburg Bypass

The primary highways serving Leesburg include U.S. Route 15, Virginia State Route 7 and Virginia State Route 267.

US 15 enters Leesburg from the southwest, following King Street, then joins the Leesburg Bypass to pass southeast of downtown. It rejoins King Street as it leaves the bypass on the northeast end of town on its way toward Maryland. The old alignment of US 15 is now U.S. Route 15 Business. Via US 15, travelers can reach Warrenton 34 miles (55 km) to the southwest and Frederick, Maryland, 25 miles (40 km) to the northeast.

SR 7 enters Leesburg from the west along Market Street and immediately joins the Leesburg Bypass to pass southwest of downtown. It rejoins Market Street as it leaves the bypass southeast of downtown. The old alignment of SR 7 is now Virginia State Route 7 Business. SR 7 37 miles (60 km) west to Winchester and 35 miles (56 km) southeast to Alexandria.

SR 267 enters Leesburg from the south along the Dulles Greenway and terminates at the Leesburg Bypass (US 15 and SR 7). SR 267 functions as a high speed bypass of SR 7 southeast of Leesburg, but is also a toll road.

Loudoun County Transit provides public transportation services in Leesburg.

Business and industry

Leesburg operates the Leesburg Executive Airport at Godfrey Field, which serves Loudoun County with private and corporate aircraft operations. A designated reliever airport for Dulles International, the airport accounts for nearly $78 million per year in economic impact according to a 2011 study by the Virginia Department of Aviation. [30] It is home (as of 2005) to over 240 aircraft, and hosts 2030 jet operations per day. The airport was built in 1963 to replace the original Leesburg airport, which Arthur Godfrey owned and referred to affectionately as "The Old Cow Pasture" on his radio show.[ citation needed ] Godfrey, who, by the early 1950s, had purchased the Beacon Hill Estate west of Leesburg, used a DC-3 to commute from his farm to studios in New York City every Sunday night during the 1950s and 1960s. His DC-3 was so powerful and noisy that Godfrey built a new airport, funding it through the sale of the old field.[ citation needed ] Originally named Godfrey Field, it is now known as Leesburg Executive Airport at Godfrey Field.

Also located near Leesburg is the National Conference Center, [31] which the Xerox Corporation built in the 1970s. Government entities and private business use the Conference Center for meetings and conferences. Three main focal points connect this maze of underground buildings, one of which is currently the headquarters of Civilian Police International, [32] a government sub-contract company.

Market Station, located in the southeast portion of Leesburg's Historic District, contains a number of high-tech and legal offices, retail shops, and restaurants that are housed within seven restored historic buildings (a railroad freight station, a railroad stationmaster's house, a log house, two barns and two gristmills, some of which were reconstructed in or relocated to the site. [33] A plaza on the east side of the site contains several structures painted in the yellow and green colors of the stations of the Washington and Old Dominion Railroad, which served the town until 1968.

Iridium Communications Inc. (formerly Iridium Satellite LLC) system of satellites is "guided from the basement of a featureless two-story office building" located in Leesburg. [34]

Top employers

According to Leesburg's FY 2019 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [35] the top employers in the town are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 Loudoun County 2,500-3,000
2 Loudoun County Public Schools 1,500-2,000
3 Federal Aviation Administration 500-1,000
4Town of Leesburg250-500
5 Wegmans Food Markets 250-500
6K2M250-500
7 Commonwealth of Virginia 250-500
8 Target 250-500
9 Walmart 250-500
10 Costco 100-250

Recreational facilities and events

Parks

Events

Notable people

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