Broad Street Line

Last updated

Broad Street Line
BroadStreetLine.svg
SEPTA Broad Street Subway car at Race-Vine.jpg
Broad Street Line train at Race–Vine station
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System SEPTA
StatusOperational
Locale Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Termini NRG station (south; originally "Pattison")
8th & Market (spur south)
Fern Rock Transportation Center (north)
Stations25
Services
  •      Local
  •      Express
  •      Broad-Ridge Spur
  •      Special
Daily ridership112,252 (average weekday FY 2019) [1]
Website www.septa.org/service/bsl/index.html
Operation
OpenedSeptember 1, 1928
Owner City of Philadelphia
Operator(s)1928–39: Philadelphia Rapid Transit Co.
1940–68: Philadelphia Transportation Co.
1968–present: SEPTA
CharacterUnderground and surface
Technical
Line length12.5 mi (20.1 km) [2]
Number of tracks4
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification Third rail (600 volts)
Route map

Contents

BSicon CONTg@Gq.svg
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Fern Rock T.C. SEPTA.svg BSicon PARKING.svg
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Fern Rock Yard
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Olney T.C.
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Logan
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Wyoming
BSicon LSTRe.svg
BSicon utHST.svg
Hunting Park
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BSicon utBHF.svg
Erie
BSicon utHSTACC.svg
Allegheny
BSicon LSTRa.svg
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BSicon utSTR.svg
BSicon hCONT3.svg
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North Philadelphia
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BSicon utHST.svg
BSicon cSTRc1.svg
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Susquehanna–Dauphin
BSicon utHSTACC.svg
BSicon LSTRe.svg
Cecil B. Moore
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Girard
  15  
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Fairmount
BSicon utACC.svg
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BSicon utcSTRc1.svg
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Spring Garden
Broad StreetRidge Spur
BSicon utSTR.svg
BSicon utHST.svg
Chinatown
BSicon utdSTR.svg
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BSicon utd-CONT3.svg
BSicon utACC.svg
BSicon utv-STR+1.svg
BSicon utSTRc2.svg
BSicon uetvSHI2gl-.svg
BSicon utcSTRc4.svg
Race–Vine
BSicon utSTR.svg
BSicon utKINTACCe.svg
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BSicon dHUBlg-L.svg
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8th Street
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City Hall
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Walnut–Locust
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BSicon HUB-Rq.svg
BSicon utkKRZr+1to.svg
BSicon HUBrf-L.svg
BSicon utkSTRc4.svg
BSicon utHST.svg
Lombard–South
BSicon utHST.svg
Ellsworth–Federal
BSicon utHST.svg
Tasker–Morris
BSicon utHST.svg
Snyder
BSicon utHSTACC.svg
Oregon
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NRG BSicon PARKING.svg

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Underground concourse/transfer station
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Free transfer between services
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Out-of-system transfer between services
BSicon BUS2.svg
Surface buses connect at all stations

The Broad Street Line (BSL)—also known as the Broad Street subway (BSS), Orange Line [3] , or Broad Line—is a subway line owned by the city of Philadelphia and operated by the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA). The line runs primarily north-south from the Fern Rock Transportation Center in North Philadelphia through Center City Philadelphia to NRG station at Pattison Avenue in South Philadelphia; the latter station provides access to the stadiums and arenas for the city's major professional sports teams at the South Philadelphia Sports Complex, about a quarter mile away. It is named for Broad Street, the street under which it runs for almost its entire length. The line, which is entirely underground except for the northern terminus at Fern Rock, has four tracks in a local/express configuration from Fern Rock to Walnut-Locust and two tracks from Lombard-South to the southern terminus at NRG station. It is one of only two rapid transit lines in the SEPTA system overall alongside the Market–Frankford Line, although Center City Philadelphia is also served by four stations of the PATCO Speedline rapid transit line which runs between downtown Philadelphia through Camden, New Jersey to Lindenwold, New Jersey. With more than 110,000 boardings [4] on an average weekday, it is the second busiest route in the SEPTA system

The line and its trains were leased to SEPTA in 1968 [5] after it assumed operation of the city transit systems from the former Philadelphia Transportation Company (PTC). [6] Broad Street Line subway cars bear both the SEPTA logo and the seal of the City of Philadelphia to reflect the split ownership-operation arrangement.

History

The proposed Center City distribution loop of the Broad Street Line from the 1913 rapid transit development plan utilizing Arch Street, 8th Street, and Walnut Street. BSL Loop.jpg
The proposed Center City distribution loop of the Broad Street Line from the 1913 rapid transit development plan utilizing Arch Street, 8th Street, and Walnut Street.

Service on the northern half of the Broad Street Line, between City Hall and Olney Avenue, opened on September 1, 1928. While the original subway tunnel had been finished to just north of the present-day Lombard-South station, service to the Walnut-Locust station did not begin until 1930; the Lombard-South station entered service in 1932. Service from that point south to Snyder Avenue began on September 18, 1938. Service to a new park-and-ride station built next to the Fern Rock shops began in 1956, and the line was extended further south to Pattison Avenue in 1973 to serve the recently completed Sports Complex. [7]

The total cost of the original segment, "Olney Avenue to South Street," was stated at $102 million.

Although the Broad Street Line was originally planned in the 1920s to be a 4-track facility for its entire length (Fern Rock portal to Snyder), the tunnel was built with provision for 4 tracks only from the portal to just north of Lombard-South. At the time of opening, the outer 2 tracks were built along this length, whereas the inner 2 express tracks were built only in two sections, from the Fern Rock portal/shops to just south of Olney, and from Girard to their terminus just north of Lombard South. To close the gaps, the two inner express tracks were laid from Erie to Girard in 1959, and again from Olney to Erie in 1991.

From Lombard-South station south to Snyder, the tunnel was constructed differently – only the eastern half of the line was built. The track currently used for southbound trains is actually the northbound express track. The extension in 1973 to Pattison Station (now called NRG Station) continued this arrangement. Space exists under the western half of Broad Street for the construction of the western half of the tunnel, which would include the remaining 2 tracks and additional island platforms for southbound local and express trains. The resulting infrastructure would match the configuration built in the northern half of the line.

Provisions for flying junctions exist in the tunnels at three locations: north of Olney station, north of Erie station, and between Tasker-Morris and Snyder stations. These were to connect to planned but never built extensions to the north, northeast, northwest and southwest. Tracks were laid in the upper levels of the flying junctions north of Olney and Erie; these have been used over the years to store out-of-service trains and as layover points for express and Ridge Spur trains.

The NRG Station contains a lower level platform (but very narrow compared to the very wide upper level platform), built to accommodate additional trains for large crowds at sporting events. Seldom used in recent years, these tracks are most often used to store rolling stock and work trains. Two of the Broad Street subway system's stations have been closed: Spring Garden station (closed in 1991) on the Ridge Avenue spur line and Franklin Square station on the PATCO route (closed in 1953 and later opened in 1976 for Bi-Centennial and then closed again in 1979).

The Broad Street Line is one of only two rapid transit lines in the United States outside of New York City to use separate local and express tracks for a significant length, the other being Chicago's North Side Main Line from Armitage north, used by Purple Line express trains.

Timeline

DateEvent
September 1, 1928Original section of subway opens from City Hall to Olney Avenue. Fare is 15 cents (equal to $2.23 today).
April 20, 1930Extended service from City Hall to South Street.
December 21, 1932Open Ridge Avenue Spur, service Girard Avenue to 8th and Market Streets
September 18, 1938Extended south from South Street to Snyder Avenue.
August 8, 1943Ridge Avenue Spur through-routed with Bridge Line to Camden, New Jersey evenings and Sundays.
February 15, 1953Discontinued evening and Sunday through service to Camden, all Ridge Avenue Spur trains run to 8th and Market only.
September 13, 1953Evening and Sunday through service to Camden resumed.
September 9, 1956Extended north from Olney to Fern Rock (over existing tracks to Fern Rock shops).
September 28, 1959Weekday and Saturday daytime express service begins following installation of second pair of tracks north to Erie, Ridge Avenue Spur trains extended from Girard to Erie Monday to Saturday daytime.
1965Discontinued express service except Monday-Friday rush periods.
1967 Roosevelt Boulevard Subway station built at Adams Avenue in anticipation of extending the subway along Roosevelt Boulevard.
August 27, 1968Locust Street-Camden tracks separated from BSL to form PATCO Line. Ridge Avenue south terminal now at a new station at 8th and Market Streets
April 8, 1973Subway extended from Snyder Avenue to Pattison Avenue sports complex.Oregon Station opens.
September 5, 1976Discontinue Sunday service on Ridge Avenue Spur.
November 19, 1979Discontinue express service due to a lack of serviceable cars.
February 15, 1981Suspend Ridge Avenue Spur service, due to interference with construction.
January 3, 1983Resume Monday-Friday express service, Olney to Walnut/Locust.
September 6, 1983Resume Ridge Avenue Spur service.
1989Broad Ridge Spur Spring Garden Station closes.
1991Express Tracks extended from Erie to Olney. Olney Terminal is rebuilt.
March 12, 1992Fern Rock is expanded with a pedestrian walkway to as part of the Railworks Project Regional Rail Lines.
October 31, 2008Single day ridership record of 404,000 passengers occurs during Phillies World Series Parade event.
2010Pattison Station name changed to AT&T Station.
2018AT&T Station name changed to NRG Station.

Proposed extensions

Roosevelt Boulevard

Both the City of Philadelphia and SEPTA have studied extending the Broad Street Line along Roosevelt Boulevard, in order to serve a growing population in the northeast section of the city. The city government's archives contain a survey report, prepared in 1948, discussing a need for an extension of the Broad Street line from Erie Avenue to the vicinity of Pennypack Circle (see Roosevelt Boulevard). [8] Subway car destination signage even included station and terminus names for major streets along Roosevelt Boulevard such as Rhawn Street, in the newer "South Broad" cars. An expansion into another part of the City could better use the capacity of the four-track trunk line. [9]

In 1964, the city proposed a nine-mile (14 km), $94 million extension of the Broad Street line along Roosevelt Blvd. in conjunction with a new Northeast Expressway to be built by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Development was limited to the building of one subway station by Sears, Roebuck and Company in 1967, at its complex on Roosevelt Boulevard at Adams Avenue, at the cost of $1 million, in anticipation of future service. This station was destroyed when the facility was demolished in October 1994. [10] [11] Ultimately the Northeast Expressway was never built, due to lack of funds, and the subway extension remained a paper concept.

On September 10, 1999, SEPTA filed a Notice of Intent to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Northeast Extension with the EPA. [12] In December 2001, the Philadelphia City Planning Commission supported extending the Broad Street Line along Roosevelt Blvd. to Bustleton Avenue, where it would be joined by the Market-Frankford Line, extended from its Frankford terminal (now the rebuilt Frankford Transportation Center). The estimated cost had ballooned to $3.4 billion.

Philadelphia Naval Yard

Currently, the Broad Street Line terminates southbound at NRG station at Pattison Ave and three major stadiums. With the redevelopment of the Philadelphia Naval Yard directly to the south, a Health Impact Assessment report was issued in March, 2012 to determine if extending the line to the Naval Yard would be a viable option for commuters. It determined that extending the line to the Naval Yard would more than halve the number of private cars commuting back and forth, with the remainder taking the proposed subway line and/or using a bicycle sidepath. The HIA recommends making an extension of the Broad Street Line a priority, and recently, the extension has garnered much support. [13] [14]

West Philadelphia

A report in the 1940s proposed an extension of the Locust St. subway to West Philadelphia. This line would have run under one of the streets presently served by the subway-surface system. Presumably, the current subway-surfaces lines would have been converted to bus operation and would have been used to feed this line. It appears that this proposal was replaced by the extension of the subway portion of the subway-surface system in the 1950s.

Northwest

The same report also proposed a northwest extension. This would have branched off at the North Philadelphia station and would have taken over the Pennsylvania Railroad's Chestnut Hill Branch which is still operated today as part of the SEPTA Regional Rail system as the Chestnut Hill West Line.

COVID-19 pandemic

The line has been operating "Lifeline Service" due to the COVID-19 pandemic, with trains bypassing Logan, Wyoming, Susquehanna–Dauphin, Fairmount, Spring Garden, Chinatown, Lombard–South, and Tasker–Morris stations as of April 2020. [15]

Operation

Rolling stock

Interior of a Broad Street Line train Broad St Line Interior.jpg
Interior of a Broad Street Line train

The first set of rail cars for the Broad Street subway was the B-1 cars built in 1926–27 by the J.G. Brill Company. The Pressed Steel Car Company supplied an additional set in 1938 collectively known as the B-2's. The JG Brill Company also built and delivered 26 deluxe art-deco streamlined subway cars to the Delaware River Joint Commission in early 1936 for use on its Bridge Line from 8th and Market into Camden, NJ via the Benjamin Franklin Bridge. These cars were designed to be compatible with the other Broad Street cars, and could run in multiple with them. After the Bridge Line became part of the PATCO Lindenwold Hi-Speedline in late 1968, 23 of these former "Bridge Line" cars were sold to the City of Philadelphia in 1969 to be used on the Broad Street subway, and were designated as the B-3's, until they were retired by early 1984.

The first set has had the second longest lifespan of any subway car in Philadelphia, after that of the Market Street cars built for what ultimately became the Market–Frankford Line. Although the line was a host for the UMTA's State of the Art Car program, real replacements for the Broad Street cars did not come until late 1982, when SEPTA introduced new "B-IV" cars built by Kawasaki, which are currently the only cars operating the line. A small number of B-1, B-2, and B-3 historic cars remain stored in derelict condition within Fern Rock yard. One car was sent to the Trackside Brick Oven Pizzeria in New England.

Service

A Broad Street Line local train bound for NRG station arrives at City Hall station SEPTA B-IV 689 at City Hall station.jpeg
A Broad Street Line local train bound for NRG station arrives at City Hall station

Four different services run along the Broad Street Line:

Panel indicators

Entire service panel grid
OLNEY8th–MARKETFERN ROCK
SOUTHNRGERIE
SNYDERWALNUTGIRARD
SPECIALLOCALEXPRESS
Panel denoting Ridge Spur service
OLNEY8th–MARKETFERN ROCK
EXPRESS
Panel denoting Express service
FERN ROCK
WALNUT
EXPRESS
Panel denoting Sports Express service
FERN ROCK
NRG
SPECIAL

The Kawasaki B-IV cars feature multi-panel signs to indicate the origin point, destination, and type of service. One sign is mounted on each side of a car, set just inside a window to make it visible from both the interior and exterior. A similar, smaller sign is mounted over car-end doors when cab equipment is present; this sign is only visible from the exterior. These signs were a significant improvement over earlier rolling stock which completely lacked such signage.

Each sign consists of a set of 12 panels arranged in 4 rows of 3 columns each (a 3 x 4 grid). Each panel can be illuminated by an incandescent light bulb. As shown above, the upper three rows indicate station names while the bottom row indicates type of service. Trains normally light three panels: two station names (origin and destination) and a type of service (local, express, or special). Only significant stations are represented in the grid.

In 1982, following delivery of the first significant number of B-IV cars, SEPTA assigned these cars to the restoration of express service. The signs were lit to show "OLNEY" "WALNUT" "EXPRESS". In early 1983, with more B-IV cars arriving and placed into local service, signs showed "FERN ROCK" "PATTISON" "LOCAL". After delivery of the last cars, Broad-Ridge Spur trains showed "ERIE" "8th-MARKET" (rush hour) or "GIRARD" "8th-MARKET" (off-peak and weekends). Special trains showed "FERN ROCK" "PATTISON" "SPECIAL" "EXPRESS". Subsequent changes to express and Broad-Ridge Spur service patterns led to the current signage: express trains show "FERN ROCK" "WALNUT" "EXPRESS" and Broad-Ridge trains show "OLNEY" "8th-MARKET" "EXPRESS" (weekdays) and "FERN ROCK" "8th-MARKET" "EXPRESS" (weekends). In 2010, with the renaming of the terminal, all signs were updated with "AT&T" in place of "PATTISON", and again with "NRG" replacing "AT&T" in 2018.

Operating times and headways

Broad Street subway train enters Fern Rock Transportation Center station. Broad Street Subway at Fern Rock TC.jpg
Broad Street subway train enters Fern Rock Transportation Center station.
A Broad Street subway express train arrives at City Hall station. Broad Street Line Train Arrives at City Hall Station.jpg
A Broad Street subway express train arrives at City Hall station.

A local trip along the entire line takes about 35 minutes. Trains run from approximately 5:00 am to 1:00 am, with a timed-transfer at 12:30 am at City Hall station to connect with the Market Frankford Line based on final trains. The Broad Street Owl bus service replaces the subway throughout the night Monday through Friday mornings, stopping at the same locations as the subway trains. The line itself ran 24 hours a day until it was eliminated in 1991; it was reinstated on June 20, 2014 for Friday and Saturday overnights only on a trial basis. It was made permanent on October 8, 2014 due to the line successfully carrying an extra 10,000 riders on the Broad Street Line during the weekend overnight periods. Since 2014, the line runs nonstop from 5:00 a.m. on Friday to 1:00 a.m. on Monday morning.

The local portion of the Broad Street Line carries a headway of eight minutes or less during the daytime all day weekdays, 10–12 minutes all day on weekends and major holidays, and 12 minutes in the evenings. Weekend night service consists of a 20-minute frequency, while owl bus service early weekday mornings utilize a 15-minute frequency. The express portion of the line ranges from seven minutes during peak hours to 12 minutes off-peak, while the Broad Ridge Spur ranges from seven minutes during peak hours to 20 minutes off-peak.

ServiceStart TimeEnd Time
Northbound train4:52 am12:55 am
Southbound train4:45 am12:43 am
Northbound Night Owl bus12:22 am5:35 am
Southbound Night Owl bus12:14 am5:34 am
Northbound Broad-Ridge Spur (M-F)5:45 am9:15 pm
Southbound Broad-Ridge Spur (M-F)5:24 am8:48 pm
Northbound Broad-Ridge Spur (Sat)6:40 am9:26 pm
Southbound Broad-Ridge Spur (Sat)6:17 am9:03 pm

Broad–Ridge Spur

The 8th & Market subway stop on the Broad-Ridge Spur BSL-8-Market-2018b.jpg
The 8th & Market subway stop on the Broad-Ridge Spur

A two-track spur of the Broad Street Line, known as the Broad–Ridge Spur, diverges from the main line at Fairmount. Originally known as the Ridge–8th Street subway, the line follows Ridge Avenue, from which it takes its name, southeastward from the intersection of Broad Street, Ridge and Fairmount Avenues to a two-level junction beneath 8th and Race Streets, where tunnels leading to and from the Benjamin Franklin Bridge to Camden connect to it, then proceeds south under 8th Street. At its southern terminus at 8th and Market streets, passengers may transfer to the Market-Frankford Line and the PATCO Speedline. Ridge Spur service to 8th and Market streets began in 1932; in 1936, the Delaware River Joint Commission (now Delaware River Port Authority, or DRPA) began operating "Bridge Line" service to 8th and Market from Broadway in Camden, New Jersey, with intermediate stops at Camden City Hall and Franklin Square (now abandoned).

The tunnel continues south under 8th Street from Market to Locust, where it turns west and runs under Locust Street to a terminus at 15th–16th Street station; a two-track tail used for layovers extends from 16th to 18th streets. Though this tunnel was also completed in 1932, it did not open for service until 20 years later; Ridge Spur and Bridge Line trains used it until 1969, when a new DRPA subsidiary, the Port Authority Transit Corporation, began operating the Lindenwold High-Speed Line (PATCO Speedline) through the 8th-Locust subway. At that time, a new single-track, side-platform terminal for Broad–Ridge Spur trains was opened on the upper level of 8th and Market station. The track connection between the Broad–Ridge Spur and the 8th–Locust Street subway was removed and a gate seals the tunnel opening; the tracks now end at a bumper block beyond the end of the platform.

The spur was built as part of a planned downtown subway loop that would have continued west from the current terminus at 18th, turned north under 19th Street, turned east under Arch Street, and re-connected to the Broad Street main line at Arch Street; work began on this loop in 1915 but was canceled the following year due to lack of funding. [16]

Currently the spur operates Mondays through Saturdays from 6 am to 9 pm, running two-car trains on shortened platforms. This is down from five-car trains operated from the line opening through the 1970s, on full-length platforms. In recent years trains operated on a 24-hour schedule, as well as stopping at the Spring Garden Street station during peak hours. Spring Garden Street station was later abandoned for safety reasons and low ridership. Safety concerns also jeopardized the Chinatown station, but community concerns kept it open during peak hours with increased Transit Police Patrols.

Stations

All stations are located in the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Stations on the Broad-Ridge Spur are shaded in gold. Special extra service for sports and entertainment events make all express stops between Fern Rock to Walnut–Locust and then continue express to NRG.

Services

     Local      Express      Broad–Ridge Spur      Special

NeighborhoodStationLERSConnectionsNotes
Fern Rock Fern Rock Transportation Center Wheelchair symbol.svg SEPTA.svg Aiga railtransportation 25.svg      Warminster Line,      West Trenton Line,      Lansdale/Doylestown Line
SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 4 , 28 , 57 , 70
Logan Olney Transportation Center Wheelchair symbol.svg SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 6 , 8 , 16 , 18 , 22 , 26 , 55 , 80 , L Serves Einstein Medical Center Philadelphia and La Salle University
Logan SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 16 , J
Wyoming SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 16
SEPTA.svg BSicon OBUS.svg 75
Hunting Park Hunting Park SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 1 , 16 , 53 , R
Erie SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 16 , 23 , 53 , 56 , H , XH Serves Temple University Hospital
Glenwood Allegheny Wheelchair symbol.svg SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 16 , 60 Serves Temple University dentistry school
North Philadelphia Wheelchair symbol.svg BSicon LOGO Amtrak2.svg BSicon TRAIN3.svg Northeast and Keystone Corridor services (at North Philadelphia)
SEPTA.svg Aiga railtransportation 25.svg      Trenton Line,      Chestnut Hill West Line (at North Philadelphia),      Lansdale/Doylestown Line,      Manayunk/Norristown Line (at North Broad)
SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 4 , 16 , 54
Cecil B. Moore Susquehanna–Dauphin SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 4 , 16 , 39 Originally named Dauphin-Susquehanna
Cecil B. Moore Wheelchair symbol.svg SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 3 , 4 , 16 Serves Temple University, originally Columbia Avenue
Francisville Girard Wheelchair symbol.svg SEPTA.svg BSicon PCC.svg 15
SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 4 , 16
Fairmount SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 4 , 16 , 61
Callowhill Spring Garden Closed since 1991
Chinatown Chinatown SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 47 , 47m , 61 (all south)Originally named Vine
Market East 8th & Market Wheelchair symbol.svg SEPTA.svg BSicon SUBWAY.svg MFL Market-Frankford Line
DRPA logo.svg BSicon SUBWAY.svg PATCO Lindenwold Line
SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 17 , 33 , 38 (west), 44 , 47 (south), 47m (south), 61 , 62
Originally named Market Street
Chinatown Spring Garden Wheelchair symbol.svg SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 4 , 16 , 43 Serves the Community College of Philadelphia
Race–Vine SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 4 , 16 , 27
NJT logo.svg BSicon BUS2.svg 400, 401, 402, 404, 406, 408, 409, 410
Serves the Pennsylvania Convention Center
Center City City Hall SEPTA.svg Aiga railtransportation 25.svg (at Suburban Station)
SEPTA.svg BSicon SUBWAY.svg MFL Market-Frankford Line (at 15th Street)
SEPTA.svg BSicon TRAM.svg 10 , 11 , 13 , 34 , 36 (at 15th Street)
SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 4 , 16 , 17 , 27 , 31 , 32 , 33 , 38 , 44 , 48 , 62 , 78
SEPTA.svg BSicon BUS2.svg 124 , 125
NJT logo.svg BSicon BUS2.svg 400, 401, 402, 404, 406, 414, 417, 555
Located in the Center City Commuter Connection concourse
Washington Square West Walnut–Locust Wheelchair symbol.svg DRPA logo.svg BSicon SUBWAY.svg PATCO Lindenwold Line (at 15–16th & Locust)
SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 4 , 9 , 12 , 21 , 27 , 32 , 42
Serves the Kimmel Center and Academy of Music
Lombard–South SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 4 , 27 , 32 , 40 Serves University of the Arts, Peirce College, and Graduate Hospital
South Philadelphia Ellsworth–Federal SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 4 , 64 Serves the Italian Market
Tasker–Morris SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 4 , 29
Snyder SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 4 , 37 , 79 Serves Methodist Hospital
Oregon Wheelchair symbol.svg SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 4 , 7 , 45 , 68 , G Serves Marconi Plaza
NRG Wheelchair symbol.svg SEPTA.svg Bus-logo.svg 4 , 17 Serves the South Philadelphia Sports Complex, originally named Pattison

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SEPTA organization operating a transportation system in and around Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) is a regional public transportation authority that operates bus, rapid transit, commuter rail, light rail, and electric trolleybus services for nearly 4 million people in five counties in and around Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It also manages projects that maintain, replace and expand its infrastructure, facilities and vehicles.

PATCO Speedline rapid transit system between Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Camden County, New Jersey

The Port Authority Transit Corporation (PATCO) Speedline is a rapid transit system operated by the Port Authority Transit Corporation, which runs between Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Camden County, New Jersey. The Speedline runs underground in Philadelphia, crosses the Delaware River on the Benjamin Franklin Bridge, runs underground in Camden, then runs above ground in New Jersey until the east end of the line. The Port Authority Transit Corporation and the Speedline are owned and operated by the Delaware River Port Authority. The line transports over 38,000 people daily. In 2012, ridership reached a ten-year high, with the system having carried 10,612,897 passengers, but dipped to 10,007,256 in 2014.

Market–Frankford Line SEPTA rapid transit line in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The Market–Frankford Line (MFL), or the Blue Line) is one of two rapid transit lines in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; the two lines are operated by SEPTA. The Market-Frankford Line runs from the 69th Street Transportation Center in Upper Darby, just outside of West Philadelphia, through Center City Philadelphia to the Frankford Transportation Center in Near Northeast Philadelphia. With more than 180,000 boardings on an average weekday, it is the busiest route in the SEPTA system. The line has both elevated and underground portions along its full length.

8th Street station (Philadelphia) Rapid transit station in Philadelphia

8th Street is a subway station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at the corner of 8th Street and Market Street. It is served by SEPTA's Market–Frankford Line and the Broad–Ridge Spur of the Broad Street Line, and the PATCO Speedline. The station is owned by SEPTA; PATCO leases its section. It is the only station in Philadelphia where all three subways interchange.

Suburban Station commuter rail station in Center City, Philadelphia

Suburban Station is an art deco office building and underground commuter rail station in Penn Center, Philadelphia. Its official SEPTA address is 16th Street and JFK Boulevard. The station is owned and operated by SEPTA and is one of the three core Center City stations on SEPTA Regional Rail. The station was built by the Pennsylvania Railroad to replace the original Broad Street Station and opened on September 28, 1930.

Transportation in Philadelphia

Transportation in Philadelphia involves the various modes of transport within the city and its required infrastructure. In addition to facilitating intracity travel, Philadelphia's transportation system connects Philadelphia to towns of its metropolitan area and cities of the Boston-Washington megalopolis.

SEPTA subway–surface trolley lines

The SEPTA subway–surface trolley lines are a collection of five SEPTA trolley lines that operate on street-level tracks in West Philadelphia and Delaware County, Pennsylvania, and also underneath Market Street in Philadelphia's Center City. The lines, Routes 10, 11, 13, 34, and 36, collectively operate on about 39.6 miles (63.7 km) of route.

15th Street station (SEPTA) Rapid transit station in Philadelphia

15th Street station is a subway station in Philadelphia. It is served by SEPTA's Market–Frankford Line and all routes of the Subway–Surface trolley lines. A free interchange is available between all of the rapid transit lines here, including the Broad Street Line at City Hall, which is connected to 15th Street by an underground passage. It is the busiest station on the Market-Frankford Line, with 29,905 boardings on an average weekday.

Fern Rock Transportation Center Rapid transit station in Philadelphia

The Fern Rock Transportation Center is a SEPTA rail and bus station located at 10th Street and Nedro Avenue in the Fern Rock neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Fern Rock serves as the northern terminus and yard for SEPTA's Broad Street Line, as well as a stop for SEPTA Regional Rail's Lansdale/Doylestown Line, Warminster Line, and West Trenton Line.

City Hall station (SEPTA) Rapid transit station in Philadelphia

City Hall is a SEPTA subway station in Philadelphia. Located in Center City underneath City Hall, it serves the Broad Street Line. It is the busiest station on the line, serving 57,000 passengers daily. City Hall station is served by local, express, and special "Sport Express" trains. Entrances are located on the east and west sides of City Hall, as well as in the central courtyard.

SEPTA Route 34 Trolley line in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

SEPTA's Subway-Surface Trolley Route 34, also called the Baltimore Avenue-Subway Line, is a trolley line operated by the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) that connects the 13th Street station in downtown Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to the Angora Loop station in the Angora neighborhood of West Philadelphia.

15–16th & Locust station PATCO Speedline station

15–16th & Locust is a PATCO Lindenwold Line subway station in the Rittenhouse Square neighborhood of Philadelphia. It is the last stop on the line which originates in Lindenwold, New Jersey. The station is connected by the Center City Concourse, an underground walkway which connects to the Walnut-Locust Station of SEPTA's Broad Street Line, the 12–13th & Locust PATCO station, the Market–Frankford Line and Subway–Surface trolleys at 15th Street, and the Regional Rail at Suburban Station.

12–13th & Locust station PATCO Speedline station

12–13th & Locust is a PATCO Lindenwold Line subway station in Philadelphia. The station is connected by an underground walkway to the Walnut-Locust Station of SEPTA's Broad Street Line, the 15–16th & Locust PATCO station, and City Hall. It is located in the heart of the Gayborhood section of Washington Square West, Center City, Philadelphia.

Walnut–Locust station Rapid transit station in Philadelphia

Walnut–Locust/Avenue of the Arts is a subway station on SEPTA's Broad Street Line in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The station is located between Walnut Street and Locust Street at 200 South Broad Street in the Avenue of the Arts district of Center City, Philadelphia.

Olney Transportation Center Rapid transit station in Philadelphia

The Olney Transportation Center, also called Olney Terminal, is a SEPTA bus and subway station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is located at the intersection of Broad Street and Olney Avenue in the Logan neighborhood of North Philadelphia. It is a major bus terminal as well as the last subway stop on the Broad Street Line before the Fern Rock Transportation Center terminus.

NRG station Rapid transit station in Philadelphia

NRG station is the southern terminus of SEPTA's Broad Street Line, located at 3600 South Broad Street, at the intersection of Broad Street and Pattison Avenue in the South Philadelphia area of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Naming rights for the station were sold in 2010 to AT&T for five years. Naming rights were passed to NRG Energy in 2018.

SEPTA Route 23

Route 23 is a former streetcar line now operated with buses. It is operated by the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. The line runs between the Chestnut Hill and Center City neighborhoods via Germantown Avenue, 11th, and 12th Streets.

SEPTA Route 60

SEPTA's Trolley Route 60, the Allegheny Avenue Line is a former streetcar line and current bus route, operated by the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) in Northwest and Northeast Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. It connects to the East Falls to the Port Richmond, and runs primarily along Allegheny Avenue.

Erie station (SEPTA) Rapid transit station in Philadelphia

Erie is a subway station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, served by the SEPTA Broad Street Line. It is located in North Philadelphia under the intersection of 3700 North Broad Street and Erie Avenue.

Snyder station Rapid transit station in Philadelphia

Snyder is a rapid transit passenger rail station on SEPTA's Broad Street Line in South Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is located at 2100 South Broad Street, and is named for Snyder Avenue.

References

  1. SEPTA. "SEPTA Route Statistics" (PDF).
  2. "Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: The Broad Street Subway". Archived from the original on February 8, 2005. Retrieved January 22, 2005.
  3. "How to Ride - Market-Frankford and Broad Street Lines". I SEPTA Philly. Retrieved February 13, 2020.
  4. "SEPTA Route Statistics 2018" (PDF).
  5. "Student Voices: Phila. threatens to seize subways from SEPTA".
  6. SEPTA. "SEPTA history". Archived from the original on May 20, 2007.
  7. "Stations of The Broad Street Subway". March 1, 2009. Archived from the original on April 30, 2001. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  8. City archive on BSS
  9. Pennsylvania Transit Expansion Coalition (PA-TEC). "Broad Street Line – Boulevard Extension".
  10. Phillyroads.com. "Broad Street Subway".
  11. "Secrets Beneath the Streets".
  12. "Environmental Impact Statement on Transportation Improvements Within the Roosevelt Boulevard Corridor in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania". Federal Register. 64 (175): 49271–49273. September 10, 1999. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
  13. Smith, Sandy (November 16, 2015). "Navy Yard Subway Extension Update: Funding for New Feasibility Study Secured". Phillmag.com. Metro Corp.[ permanent dead link ]
  14. "LOWER SOUTH DISTRICT HEALTH IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Summary Report" (PDF). Philadelphia City Planning Commission. March 2012.
  15. "SEPTA Transit Network Lifeline Service Schedule" (PDF). SEPTA. April 2020. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  16. World.nycsubway.org: Philadelphia: SEPTA Broad Street Subway

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