Auburn, New York

Last updated
Auburn, New York
Genesee Street north side at North Street Auburn.jpg
North side of Genesee Street in downtown Auburn
Nickname(s): 
Prison City
Cayuga County NY Auburn city highlighted.svg
Location in Cayuga County and the state of New York.
USA New York location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Auburn
Location in New York
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Auburn
Auburn (the United States)
North America laea location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Auburn
Auburn (North America)
Coordinates: 42°56′N76°34′W / 42.933°N 76.567°W / 42.933; -76.567 Coordinates: 42°56′N76°34′W / 42.933°N 76.567°W / 42.933; -76.567
Country United States
State New York
County Cayuga
Incorporated1815 (village)
1848 (city)
Government
  Type Council-Manager
   Mayor Michael D. Quill Sr. (D)
   City Manager Jeff Dygert [1]
   City Council
Members' List
Area
[2]
  Total8.41 sq mi (21.78 km2)
  Land8.34 sq mi (21.59 km2)
  Water0.08 sq mi (0.20 km2)
Elevation
686 ft (209 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total26,866
  Density3,200/sq mi (1,200/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
13021
Area code(s) 315
FIPS code 36-011-03078
GNIS feature ID0942692
Website www.auburnny.gov

Auburn is a city in Cayuga County, New York, United States, located at the north end of Owasco Lake, one of the Finger Lakes, in Central New York. As of the 2020 Census, the population was 26,866. [3] As the largest city of Cayuga County, it is the county seat, [4] and the site of the maximum-security Auburn Correctional Facility, as well as the William H. Seward House Museum and the house of abolitionist Harriet Tubman.

Contents

History

Auburn, New York (1909), by William Bruce (1861-1911) Bruce, William - Auburn, New York (1909).jpg
Auburn, New York (1909), by William Bruce (18611911)
The Auburn Works in 1907 Auburn Works No. 1, Auburn, N.Y LCCN2007663994 crop.tif
The Auburn Works in 1907
State Street in 1910 State Street from Genesee Street, Auburn, NY.jpg
State Street in 1910

The region around Auburn had been Haudenosaunee territory for centuries before European contact and historical records.

Auburn was founded in 1793, during the post-Revolutionary period of settlement of western New York. The founder, John L. Hardenbergh, was a veteran of the Sullivan-Clinton campaign against the Iroquois during the American Revolution. Hardenbergh settled in the vicinity of the Owasco River with his infant daughter and two African-American indentured servants, Harry and Kate Freeman. After his death in 1806, Hardenbergh was buried in Auburn's North Street Cemetery, and was re-interred in 1852 in Fort Hill Cemetery – the first burial in the city's newly opened burial ground. The community grew up around Hardenbergh's gristmill and sawmill. [5]

Originally known as Hardenbergh's Corners in the town of Aurelius, the settlement was renamed Auburn in 1805 when it became the county seat. [6] It became an incorporated village in 1815, and was chartered as a city in 1848. It was only a few miles from the Erie Canal, which opened in 1825 and allowed local factories to inexpensively ship goods north or south. In 1871, the Southern Central Railroad, financed by the Lehigh Valley Railroad, completed a line primarily to carry coal from Athens, Pennsylvania, through Auburn to wharves on Lake Ontario at Fair Haven. [7]

From 1818 to 1939, Auburn was home to Auburn Theological Seminary, one of the preeminent theological seminaries in the United States. In 1939, facing financial difficulties as a result of the Great Depression, the seminary moved to the campus of Union Theological Seminary in New York City. The only building from the Auburn Theological Seminary that stands today is Willard Memorial Chapel and the adjacent Welch Memorial Hall on Nelson Street, designed by Andrew Jackson Warner of Rochester, with stained-glass windows and interior decoration by Louis Comfort Tiffany. It is the only complete and unaltered Tiffany chapel interior known to exist.

In 1816, Auburn Prison (now the Auburn Correctional Facility) was founded as a model for the contemporary ideas about treating prisoners, known now as the Auburn system. Visitors were charged a fee for viewing the facility and its inmates. On August 6, 1890, the first execution by the electric chair was carried out at Auburn Prison. In 1901 Leon Czolgosz, assassin of President William McKinley, was executed there. Although the ideas of the Auburn System have been abandoned, the prison continues to serve as a maximum security facility, and is one of the most secure prisons in the continental United States.

Geography

Auburn is located at 42.9317° N, 76.5661° W at the north end of Owasco Lake, one of the Finger Lakes, which is drained by the Owasco Outlet  – also known as the Owasco River  – which runs north through the city on its way to the Seneca River. A dam, owned and operated by the city, controls the outflow of the lake, which is used for drinking water and recreation. The city is required to keep a sufficient amount of water in the river to deal with the effluent from its waste disposal treatment facility. [8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.4 square miles (21.8 km2), of which 8.3 square miles (21.6 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.89%, is water. [9]

US 20 is an important east-west highway passing through the city, and New York State Route 34 and New York State Route 38 are north-south highways that intersect US-20 in Auburn. Seneca Falls is 15 miles (24 km) west on US 20, and Syracuse is 26 miles (42 km) to the northeast via New York State Route 5.

Climate

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Auburn has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps. [10]

Climate data for Auburn, New York
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)65
(18)
66
(19)
85
(29)
92
(33)
94
(34)
101
(38)
100
(38)
99
(37)
99
(37)
92
(33)
78
(26)
64
(18)
101
(38)
Average high °F (°C)30.0
(−1.1)
32.1
(0.1)
41.9
(5.5)
54.1
(12.3)
67.2
(19.6)
76.1
(24.5)
80.8
(27.1)
78.4
(25.8)
70.7
(21.5)
58.9
(14.9)
46.7
(8.2)
35.6
(2.0)
56.0
(13.4)
Average low °F (°C)12.0
(−11.1)
12.1
(−11.1)
21.9
(−5.6)
33.1
(0.6)
44.8
(7.1)
54.6
(12.6)
60.1
(15.6)
58.7
(14.8)
50.2
(10.1)
39.1
(3.9)
29.9
(−1.2)
19.5
(−6.9)
36.3
(2.4)
Record low °F (°C)−23
(−31)
−32
(−36)
−14
(−26)
12
(−11)
26
(−3)
33
(1)
39
(4)
39
(4)
28
(−2)
16
(−9)
1
(−17)
−21
(−29)
−32
(−36)
Average precipitation inches (mm)2.70
(69)
2.28
(58)
3.03
(77)
3.24
(82)
3.61
(92)
4.37
(111)
4.17
(106)
3.69
(94)
4.28
(109)
3.82
(97)
3.74
(95)
3.42
(87)
42.35
(1,077)
Average snowfall inches (cm)34.8
(88)
19.0
(48)
15.3
(39)
3.0
(7.6)
.9
(2.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
trace.8
(2.0)
7.9
(20)
19.9
(51)
101.6
(258)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)18.515.913.612.113.613.911.211.013.213.613.518.2168.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)11.58.25.51.3.10000.43.48.538.9
Source: NOAA (1971−2000), [11] The Weather Channel (Precipitation and Extremes) [12]


Auburn Correctional Facility AuburnPrisonFront crop.jpg
Auburn Correctional Facility

Demographics

Auburn Memorial City Hall (2012) Auburn City Hall Auburn.jpg
Auburn Memorial City Hall (2012)
Historical population
CensusPop.
1810 500
1820 2,333366.6%
1830 4,48692.3%
1840 5,62625.4%
1850 9,54869.7%
1860 10,98615.1%
1870 17,22556.8%
1880 21,92427.3%
1890 25,85817.9%
1900 30,34517.4%
1910 34,66814.2%
1920 36,1924.4%
1930 36,6521.3%
1940 35,753−2.5%
1950 36,7222.7%
1960 35,249−4.0%
1970 34,599−1.8%
1980 32,548−5.9%
1990 31,258−4.0%
2000 28,574−8.6%
2010 27,687−3.1%
2020 26,866−3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [13]

As of the census [14] of 2000, there were 28,574 people, 11,411 households, and 6,538 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,405.3 people per square mile (1,315.0/km2). There were 12,637 housing units at an average density of 1,506.0 per square mile (581.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.57% White, 7.59% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.41% from other races, and 1.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2.82% of the population.

There were 11,411 households, out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.3% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no partner present, and 42.7% were non-families. 36.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 22.8% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,281, and the median income for a family was $41,169. Males had a median income of $32,349 versus $23,330 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,083. About 12.5% of families and 16.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.9% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The Auburn Enlarged City School District is the public school system serving Auburn. It currently operates seven schools covering grades K–12. West Middle School was closed over the summer of 2011 to save funds, with the student population merged into East Middle School.

The only college in Auburn is Cayuga Community College, a two-year school. C.C.C., as it is known locally, is located on Franklin Street. The city had been the home of Auburn Theological Seminary, a Presbyterian institution established in 1818, which relocated to New York City in 1939. [15]

Sports

An Auburn Doubledays game (2012) Auburn Doubledays game Falcon Park Auburn.jpg
An Auburn Doubledays game (2012)

Professional baseball

Auburn has had a long association with professional baseball. The Auburn Cayugas and other early Auburn teams played as members of the League Alliance (1877), Central New York League (1888), New York State League (1889, 1897–1899), Empire State League (1906–1907), Canadian–American League (1938, 1940) and Border League (1946–1951). Auburn was an affiliate of the Boston Red Sox (1948). [16] [17]

Today, Auburn is home to the Auburn Doubledays, members on the collegiate wooden bat Perfect Game Collegiate Baseball League. [17]

National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues

In late 1901, Auburn became the headquarters of the National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues (NAPBL), which is now known simply as Minor League Baseball and based in St. Petersburg, Florida. John H. Farrell, who served as secretary-treasurer of the league for many years, was a local resident, and the league's offices remained in the city while he remained in that role.

Auburn Community Baseball

Auburn Community Baseball, which is owned by the City of Auburn, is the parent organization of the Auburn Doubledays and its predecessor Auburn entries in the Class A short-season New York–Penn League dating back to 1958. The team plays its home games at Leo Pinckney Field at Falcon Park. Until 2020 they were members of the New York-Penn League.

The Great Race

Since 1978, on the second Sunday of every August, Auburn hosts "The Great Race", a three- or four-person relay race involving running, cycling, and canoeing (or kayaking). The race begins and ends in the area of Owasco Lake on the southern outskirts of Auburn. With between 2,000 and 2,500 people participating in an average year, it is one of the largest relay races in the United States. [18]

Media

The daily newspaper published in Auburn is The Citizen , which dates back to 1816, and had previously been published as The Daily Advertiser and The Citizen-Advertiser. It serves Auburn and Cayuga County, as well as other parts of Central New York. A morning paper, published seven days a week, it has a circulation of 10,000 for the daily and Saturday editions, and 12,000 on Sunday. It is owned by Lee Enterprises.

Notable people

William Henry Seward - edited.jpg
William H. Seward
William H. Seward House Auburn.jpg
William H. Seward House (2012)
Harriet Tubman cropped.jpg
Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman House Dec 2007.jpg
Harriet Tubman House (2007)
Cayuga County Court House Cayuga County Court House Auburn.jpg
Cayuga County Court House
Old Post Office and Federal Courthouse Post Office and Federal Court House Auburn.jpg
Old Post Office and Federal Courthouse
Willard Memorial Chapel Willard etc 095.jpg
Willard Memorial Chapel
Case Memorial-Seymour Library Case Memorial-Seymour Library May 09.jpg
Case Memorial-Seymour Library
Schines Auburn Theatre Schines Auburn Theatre Auburn.jpg
Schines Auburn Theatre
Saints Peter and John Episcopal Church St Peters Episcopal Church Complex May 09.jpg
Saints Peter and John Episcopal Church
Cayuga Museum of History and Art Museumfront web.jpg
Cayuga Museum of History and Art

Possibly the two best-known historical figures associated with Auburn are Harriet Tubman and William H. Seward.

Seward, who served as a New York state senator, the governor of New York, a U.S. senator, a presidential candidate, and then Secretary of State under presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson, in which role he negotiated the 1867 purchase from Russia of Alaska, which became known as "Seward's Folly" – lived in Auburn from 1823 until his death in 1872, and was opposed to slavery. Seward's wife, Frances Adeline Seward, was deeply committed to the abolitionist movement, which was strongly supported in Auburn. In the 1850s, the Seward family opened their Auburn home as a safehouse to fugitive slaves on the Underground Railroad. In 1859 Seward sold a plot of land to abolitionist Tubman, who used it to create a safe haven for her family and friends and other black Americans seeking a better life in the north. [19] Seward's house is now a historical museum, and both it and Tubman's house are on the National Register of Historic Places.

Business and inventors

Government, politics, and law

Military

Sports, arts, and entertainment

Other

Business and economy

Places of historic interest

A number of properties in Auburn are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including the Auburn Button Works and Logan Silk Mills, the Belt-Gaskin House, Case Memorial-Seymour Library, the Cayuga County Courthouse and Clerk's Office, the Harriet Tubman Home for the Aged, William and Mary Hosmer House, St. Peter's Episcopal Church Complex, Sand Beach Church, Schines Auburn Theatre, Thompson AME Zion Church, Harriet Tubman Grave, Harriet Tubman House, the Old Post Office and Courthouse, Wall Street Methodist Episcopal Church, and Dr. Sylvester Willard Mansion. The William H. Seward House and Willard Memorial Chapel-Welch Memorial Hall are National Historic Landmarks, and the South Street Area Historic District is a national historic district. [21]

In 2018, the NYS Equal Rights Heritage Center opened to the public, serving as a visitors' center and permanent exhibition promoting the region's history and culture. The center guides visitors to the variety of historical sites in the region connected to the struggle for equal rights. [22]

See also

Related Research Articles

Finger Lakes Group of lakes in New York, United States

The Finger Lakes are a group of eleven long, narrow, roughly north–south lakes in an area called the Finger Lakes region in New York, in the United States. This region straddles the northern and transitional edge, known as the Finger Lakes Uplands and Gorges ecoregion, of the Northern Allegheny Plateau and the Ontario Lowlands ecoregion of the Great Lakes Lowlands.

Cayuga County, New York County in New York, United States

Cayuga County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2020 census, the population was 76,248. Its county seat and largest city is Auburn. The county was named for the Cayuga people, one of the tribes of Indians in the Iroquois Confederation.

Aurelius, New York Town in New York, United States

Aurelius is a town in Cayuga County, New York, United States. The population was 2,792 at the 2010 census. The town was named after the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius. It is at the western edge of the county and borders the city of Auburn.

Fleming, New York Town in New York, United States

Fleming is a town in Cayuga County, New York, United States. The population was 2,636 at the 2010 census. The name is that of General George Fleming, an early settler. Fleming is at the northern end of Owasco Lake, south of Auburn.

Locke, New York Town in New York, United States

Locke is a town in Cayuga County, New York, United States. The population was 1,951 at the 2010 census. The town was named after John Locke, an English philosopher, and is the birthplace of Millard Fillmore, 13th President of the United States.

Niles, New York Town in New York, United States

Niles is a town in Cayuga County, New York, United States. The population was 1,194 at the 2010 census. Niles lies in the eastern part of the county, southeast of Auburn.

Owasco, New York Town in New York, United States

Owasco is a town in Cayuga County, New York, United States. It is part of the traditional territory of the Cayuga nation. The population was 3,793 at the 2010 census. Owasco is in the eastern part of Cayuga County and is at the southeast city line of Auburn. The town borders Owasco Lake, from where it gets its name.

Sennett, New York Town in New York, United States

Sennett is a town in Cayuga County, New York, United States. The population was 3,595 at the 2010 census. The town is named after a public official and early settler, Daniel Sennett. The town is on the eastern county line of Cayuga County and borders Auburn.

Throop, New York Town in New York, United States

Throop is a town in Cayuga County, New York, United States. The town is at the northern city line of Auburn and is in the Finger Lakes region of New York. The population was 1,990 at the 2010 census. The town is named after former New York Governor Enos T. Throop, a resident of Cayuga County.

Venice, New York Town in New York, United States

Venice is a town in Cayuga County, New York, United States. The population was 1,368 at the 2010 census. The town is in the southern part of Cayuga County and is south of Auburn.

Moravia is a village in Cayuga County, New York, United States. The population was 1,282 at the 2010 census. The village of Moravia is in the southern part of the town of Moravia and is south of Auburn.

Moravia, New York Town in New York, United States

Moravia is a town in Cayuga County, New York, United States. The population was 3,626 at the 2010 census.

Owasco Lake

Owasco Lake is the sixth largest and third easternmost of the Finger Lakes of New York in the United States. It is part of the traditional territory of the Cayuga nation.

Theodore M. Pomeroy American politician

Theodore Medad Pomeroy was an American businessman and politician from New York who served as the 26th speaker of the United States House of Representatives for one day, from March 3, 1869, to March 4, 1869, the shortest American speakership term in history. He represented New York's 24th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1861 to 1869. He also served as the mayor of Auburn, New York, from 1875 to 1876, and in the New York State Senate from 1878 to 1879.

New York State Route 38 (NY 38) is a north–south state highway in the Finger Lakes region of New York in the United States. Its southern terminus is at an intersection with NY 96 in the town of Owego in Tioga County. The northern terminus is at a junction with NY 104A in the town of Sterling in Cayuga County. NY 38 is a two-lane local road for most of its length. The route is the main access road to parts of Auburn, Dryden, Newark Valley and Port Byron. It passes through mountainous terrain in Tioga and Cortland counties, but the terrain levels out as it heads through the Finger Lakes area and Cayuga County.

New York State Route 38A (NY 38A) is a north–south state highway located within Onondaga and Cayuga counties in central New York in the United States. The southern terminus of the route is at an intersection with NY 38 in the village of Moravia. Its northern terminus is at a junction with U.S. Route 20 (US 20) and NY 5 in downtown Auburn. Much of NY 38A runs through rural, undeveloped areas situated between Owasco Lake and Skaneateles Lake.

Frances Adeline Seward First Lady of New York

Frances Adeline Miller Seward was the First Lady of New York and the wife of William Henry Seward, a senator in the New York legislature, Governor of New York, a senator from New York and United States Secretary of State under President Abraham Lincoln.

Fort Hill Cemetery Founded in 1851 in Auburn, New York

Fort Hill Cemetery is a historically significant cemetery located in Auburn, New York. It was incorporated on May 15, 1851 under its official name: "Trustees of the Fort Hill Cemetery Association of Auburn". It is known for its headstones of notable people such as former Secretary of State William H. Seward, his son, William H. Seward Jr. and abolitionist and freedom fighter Harriet Tubman.

Harriet Tubman National Historical Park United States historic place

Harriet Tubman National Historical Park is a US historical park in Auburn and Fleming, New York, associated with the life of Harriet Tubman. It comprises three properties: the Harriet Tubman Home for the Aged, in Auburn; the nearby Harriet Tubman Residence ; and the Thompson A.M.E. Zion Church in Auburn. They are located at 180 and 182 South Street, and 90 Franklin Street, respectively. The Zion Church unit is administered by the National Park Service (NPS), while the South Street properties, including a historic barn and a visitor center, are jointly managed and operated by both the NPS and the Harriet Tubman Home, Inc. The church also works with the NPS in park operations. The Harriet Tubman Grave in nearby Fort Hill Cemetery is not part of the park.

The Auburn Cayugas was a primary moniker of the minor league baseball teams based in Auburn, New York and their namesake Cayuga County, New York between 1877 and 1951. Auburn teams played as members of the League Alliance (1877), Central New York League (1888), New York State League, Empire State League (1906–1907), Canadian–American League and Border League (1946–1951).

References

Notes

  1. NY, City of Auburn. "City of Auburn, NY - City Manager's Office". www.auburnny.gov. Retrieved 2017-10-31.
  2. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  3. "QuickFacts Auburn city, New York". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  4. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. "Historical & Cultural Auburn, New York". Archived from the original on July 17, 2011.
  6. The name Auburn resonated with the opening lines of Oliver Goldsmith's then-familiar poem "The Deserted Village" (1770): "Sweet Auburn, loveliest village of the plain, Where health and plenty cheered the labouring swain."
  7. "Lehigh Valley Railroad Historical Society | History". www.lvrrhs.org.
  8. "Oasco Lake, Central New York" on FindLakes.com
  9. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Auburn city, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
  10. "Auburn, New York Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
  11. "Climatology of the United States No. 20: AUBURN, NY 1971–2000" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-07-18. Retrieved 1 November 2011.
  12. "Monthly Averages for Auburn, NY (13021)". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on 2 July 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2011.
  13. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  15. "Our History" Archived 2015-07-07 at the Wayback Machine Auburn Theological Seminary website
  16. "Auburn, NY - BR Bullpen". www.baseball-reference.com.
  17. 1 2 "1877 League Alliance". Baseball-Reference.com.
  18. "The Great Race, Auburn, NY". www.great-race.com.
  19. Larson, Kate Clifford (2004). Bound for the Promised Land: Harriet Tubman, Portrait of an American Hero. New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN   0-345-45627-0, p. 16.
  20. 1 2 3 4 Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
  21. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  22. Magnarelli, Tom. "New York Equal Rights Heritage Center opens". news.wbfo.org. Retrieved 2019-06-24.