Norwich, New York

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Norwich
City of Norwich in New York State 41 downtown green.jpg
Chenango County NY Norwich city highlighted.svg
Location in Chenango County and the state of New York.
Coordinates: 42°31′55″N75°31′18″W / 42.53194°N 75.52167°W / 42.53194; -75.52167 Coordinates: 42°31′55″N75°31′18″W / 42.53194°N 75.52167°W / 42.53194; -75.52167
Country United States
State New York
County Chenango
Government
  Type Mayor-Council
   Mayor Shawn Sastri(R)
   Common Council
Area
[1]
  Total2.12 sq mi (5.50 km2)
  Land2.12 sq mi (5.50 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,014 ft (309 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total7,190
  Estimate 
(2019) [2]
6,540
  Density3,079.10/sq mi (1,188.62/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
13815
Area code(s) 607
FIPS code 36-017-53979
GNIS feature ID0959025
Website www.norwichnewyork.net

Norwich is a city in Chenango County, New York, United States. Surrounded on all sides by the town of Norwich, [3] the city is the county seat of Chenango County. The name is taken from Norwich, England. [4] Its population was 7,190 at the 2010 census. [5]

Contents

Lt. Warren Eaton Airport (OIC), serving the area, is located north of the city in the town of North Norwich.

History

During the 1850s through the mid twentieth-century, many travelers arrived by train. City of Norwich in New York State 34 train station.jpg
During the 1850s through the mid twentieth-century, many travelers arrived by train.
Chenango County Courthouse City of Norwich in New York State 43 courthouse.jpg
Chenango County Courthouse

The first log cabin was built in 1788 by Col. William Monroe, who served as a drummer boy during the Revolutionary War. The town of Norwich was formed in 1793 from the towns of Union (now in Broome County) and Bainbridge. Afterwards, Norwich, as a "mother town" of the county, lost substantial territory in the formation of new towns. In 1806, Norwich gave up territory to form the towns of Pharsalia, Plymouth and Preston. More of Norwich was lost in 1807 to form parts of the towns of New Berlin and Columbus. In 1808 and 1820, Norwich exchanged territory with the town of Preston.

The central community of Norwich set itself off from the town in 1816 by incorporating as a village, later becoming the city of Norwich in 1914.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.1 square miles (5.5 km2), all of it land. [5] Unlike many upstate cities, there are few, if any, defined neighborhoods or districts. Although the city is divided into six wards for political purposes, neighborhoods are seldom referred to in this manner.

Downtown is the main commercial district of Norwich, consisting of North and South Broad streets, East and West Main streets, and lesser side streets, including American Avenue, Lackawanna Avenue, and parts of Mechanic, Fair, and Hayes streets. The downtown district is bordered on the north by Cortland and Mitchell streets, and to the south by Front Street and Eaton Avenue.

Norwich is located in upstate New York, in the Chenango River valley. The river, a tributary of the Susquehanna, winds south along the eastern edge of the city. Along the western border, Canasawacta Creek flows south, until it unites with the Chenango River at the southern city limits.

Location

Norwich lies near the center of the triangle that can be drawn connecting the cities of Syracuse, Albany, and Binghamton, along Interstates 90, 88, and 81, respectively. The city is located at the intersection of New York State Route 12 and New York State Route 23. On Route 12, Utica and access to Interstate 90 is 48 miles (77 km) to the north, while Binghamton (and the Triple Cities) and access to Interstate 81 and Interstate 86 (currently New York State Route 17, known as the Southern Tier Expressway), is 40 miles (64 km) to the south. State Highway 23, which cuts laterally through the northern side of the city, leads east 32 miles (51 km) to the city of Oneonta and access to Interstate 88, while to the west NY 23 leads in the direction of Cortland and Interstate 81, 42 miles (68 km) away.

Climate data for Norwich, NY (2018-present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)28
(−2)
32
(0)
40
(4)
54
(12)
65
(18)
74
(23)
80
(27)
77
(25)
69
(21)
57
(14)
45
(7)
33
(1)
55
(13)
Average low °F (°C)15
(−9)
17
(−8)
24
(−4)
36
(2)
46
(8)
55
(13)
60
(16)
59
(15)
51
(11)
40
(4)
32
(0)
21
(−6)
38
(4)
Average precipitation inches (mm)2.8
(71)
2.5
(64)
3.2
(81)
3.6
(91)
3.8
(97)
4.6
(120)
4.0
(100)
3.9
(99)
4.1
(100)
3.7
(94)
3.6
(91)
3.6
(91)
43.4
(1,099)
Source: Emergency Operations Center Station [6]

Economy

Chenango Memorial Hospital is a major employer in the city. City of Norwich in New York State 17 hospital.jpg
Chenango Memorial Hospital is a major employer in the city.
Stores near the center of town City of Norwich in New York State 42 street scene.jpg
Stores near the center of town

For nearly a century, the city had important manufacturing firms. It was the corporate headquarters of the Norwich Pharmacal Company. Formed in 1887 as a partnership between Reverend Lafayette Moore and Oscar G. Bell, a drug store employee, the company grew to become a major developer and manufacturer of medicines and veterinary products, known for its Unguentine antiseptic dressing (introduced in 1893) and Pepto-Bismol, an upset-stomach and anti-diarrhea medication (introduced in 1901 under a different name).

The company merged with Morton International, Inc. in 1969 and later became a subsidiary of Procter & Gamble in 1982. Under corporate restructuring, Procter & Gamble divided the company into several units, each of which was subsequently sold. This caused the loss of many jobs in Norwich, resulting in the city struggling to figure out a new economic model.

From 1845 until 1961, Norwich was also the home of the Maydole Hammer Factory. The founder, David Maydole, was an enterprising blacksmith who set out to create a hammer with a safely attached head. His hammers proved so successful that Maydole had become the largest hammer manufacturer in the United States by the time of its founder's death in 1892.

The Chenango Canal, the New York, Ontario and Western Railway, and the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad (later Erie-Lackawanna) once served most of the city's transportation needs. Norwich was the NYO&W's Northern Division point until operations ceased on March 29, 1957. Until June 2006, the community was served by the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad, which operated trains on the old DL&W line between Binghamton and Utica. That service ended as a result of flood damage in 2011 to the portion of the line between Sangerfield and Chenango Forks.

Broad Street United Methodist Church City of Norwich in New York State 3.jpg
Broad Street United Methodist Church
Retired train caboose converted into a diner City of Norwich in New York State 36 caboose diner.jpg
Retired train caboose converted into a diner

A new $8 million campus was constructed for the city's small extension of Morrisville State College. Due to loss of jobs in the area, population has declined, affecting both admissions and attendance at the college in recent years.

NBT Bancorp and Chobani are both headquartered in Norwich.

Route 12 bisects the city on a north-south axis, becoming North and South Broad Street within city limits. A community of downtown businesses is found along it. On the north side of town lies the North Plaza, desolate since the departure of anchor tenant Jamesway, and a commercial strip of gas stations and fast food outlets. To the south are three plazas just outside city limits, featuring supermarkets, gas stations, fast food, Lowe's and Walmart.

Norwich residents usually travel to the larger nearby cities of Oneonta, Binghamton, Utica, sometimes Cortland, and occasionally the much larger metropolitan areas of Syracuse and Albany, for goods and services unobtainable locally.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 5,212
1900 5,76610.6%
1910 7,42228.7%
1920 8,26811.4%
1930 8,3781.3%
1940 8,6943.8%
1950 8,8161.4%
1960 9,1754.1%
1970 8,843−3.6%
1980 8,082−8.6%
1990 7,613−5.8%
2000 7,355−3.4%
2010 7,190−2.2%
2019 (est.)6,540 [2] −9.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
A house along a main street City of Norwich in New York State 11 house.jpg
A house along a main street

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,355 people, 3,131 households, and 1,671 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,609.0 people per square mile (1,392.0/km2). There were 3,500 housing units at an average density of 1,717.4 per square mile (662.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.48% White, 1.39% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.19% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population. [4]

There were 3,131 households, out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.6% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.6% were non-families. 40.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.95. [4]

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.6% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 78.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.0 males. [4]

The median income for a household in the city was $28,485, and the median income for a family was $39,808. Males had a median income of $33,537 versus $24,430 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,339. About 14.7% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.5% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over. [4]

Culture

The Chenango Arts Council serves as a year-round arts and entertainment hub for the Norwich community and surrounding counties. Located in the former Norwich High School building on the city's west side, the Council includes a unique two-level art gallery, art instruction classrooms and the circa 1922 515-seat Martin Kappel Theater. The broadroom-style auditorium was listed in the League of Historic Theaters in 1989, and underwent an extensive renovation in 1995 after years of abandonment with contributions from local government, corporate donors and hundreds of former alumni of the high school. Each year, the stage hosts the Chenango Arts Council's Annual Performance Series, regular performances by the Norwich Theater Company and serves as a venue for many community organizations and businesses. The Martin Kappel Theater hosted the Twin Tiers International Film Festival in September 2018.

The Chenango Arts Council serves as a New York State Council on the Arts (NYSCA) multi-county DEC site, administering and re-granting more than $100,000 of funding annually directly to artists and community arts initiatives in Broome, Chenango and Otsego counties.

Numerous festivals and events mark the Norwich calendar, with residents looking forward to several annual cultural traditions. These include the Colorscape Chenango Arts Festival, a two-day event in early September that features regional musicians and artists, and the Chenango Blues Festival, held at the Chenango County Fairgrounds each August-attracting thousands and featured nationally renowned artists such as Koko Taylor, Luther Allison, and The Fabulous Thunderbirds. Since the early 1990s, the nationally known Gus Macker organization has hosted a 3-on-3 basketball tournament in early July, with hundreds of teams participating each year.

Museums include the Chenango County Historical Society and the Northeast Classic Car Museum, which houses over 160 classic cars, [8] including the world's largest collection of Franklin automobiles.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

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Railroad Terminal Historic District United States historic place

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References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. Norwich city (Map). Acme Mapper 2.0. Retrieved February 14, 2010.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Norwich city, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
  6. "Climatological Information for Norwich, New York", Emergency Operations Center Station, 2018. Web: .
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. Naperstack, Martin (May 26, 2013). "Northeast Classic Car Museum has a fine collection of autos". The Buffalo News. Buffalo, New York. Archived from the original on March 7, 2016. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  9. Wulf, Steve (December 27, 1993) My Kind Of Town, Sports Illustrated
  10. "Hamdi Ulukaya". Forbes. Retrieved August 1, 2019.
  11. "Ruth Benedict". obo. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  12. "Ruth Benedict - Vassar College Encyclopedia - Vassar College". vcencyclopedia.vassar.edu. Retrieved July 30, 2020.