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|BCS National Championship Game|
|Stadium||Four-year rotation between:|
State Farm Stadium
Hard Rock Stadium
|Location||Four-year rotation between:|
New Orleans, Louisiana
Miami Gardens, Florida
|Previous stadiums||Sun Devil Stadium (1999, 2003)|
|Previous locations||Tempe, Arizona (1999, 2003)|
|Payout||US$23,900,000 (2014 game )|
|Preceded by|| Bowl Alliance (1995–97)|
Bowl Coalition (1992–94)
|Succeeded by||College Football Playoff National Championship (2015)|
|No. 1 Florida State vs. No. 2 Auburn (Florida State 34–31)|
The BCS National Championship Game, or BCS National Championship, was a postseason college football bowl game, used to determine a national champion of the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), first played in the 1998 college football season as one of four designated bowl games, and beginning in the 2006 season as a standalone event rotated among the host sites of the aforementioned bowls.
College football is American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities, colleges, and military academies, or Canadian football played by teams of student athletes fielded by Canadian universities. It was through college football play that American football rules first gained popularity in the United States.
In North America, a bowl game is one of a number of post-season college football games that are primarily played by teams belonging to the NCAA's Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS). For most of its history, the Division I Bowl Subdivision had avoided using a playoff tournament to determine an annual national champion, which was instead traditionally determined by a vote of sports writers and other non-players. In place of such a playoff, various cities across the United States developed their own regional festivals featuring post-season college football games. Prior to 2002, bowl game statistics were not included in players' career totals and the games were mostly considered to be exhibition games involving a payout to participating teams. Despite attempts to establish a permanent system to determine the FBS national champion on the field, various bowl games continue to be held because of the vested economic interests entrenched in them.
A national championship in the highest level of college football in the United States, currently the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), is a designation awarded annually by various organizations to their selection of the best college football team. Division I FBS football is the only National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sport for which the NCAA does not sanction a yearly championship event. As such, it is sometimes unofficially referred to as a "mythical national championship".
The game was organized by a group known as the Bowl Championship Series, consisting of the Rose Bowl, Sugar Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, and Orange Bowl, which sought to match the two highest-ranked teams in a championship game to determine the best team in the country at the end of the season. The participating teams were determined by averaging the results of the final weekly Coaches' Poll, the Harris Poll of media, former players and coaches, and the average of six computer rankings. The Coaches' Poll was contractually required to name the winner of the game as its No. 1 team on the final postseason ranking; hence, the AFCA National Championship Trophy was presented to the winning team during a post-game ceremony.
The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) was a selection system that created five bowl game match-ups involving ten of the top ranked teams in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of American college football, including an opportunity for the top two teams to compete in the BCS National Championship Game. The system was in place for the 1998 through 2013 seasons and in 2014 was replaced by the College Football Playoff.
The Rose Bowl Game is an annual American college football bowl game, usually played on January 1 at the Rose Bowl stadium in Pasadena, California. When New Year's Day falls on a Sunday, the game is played on Monday, January 2. The Rose Bowl Game is nicknamed "The Granddaddy of Them All" because it is the oldest bowl game. It was first played in 1902 as the Tournament East–West football game, and has been played annually since 1916. Since 1945, it has been the highest attended college football bowl game. It is a part of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association's "America's New Year Celebration", which also includes the historic Rose Parade.
The Sugar Bowl is an annual American college football bowl game played in New Orleans, Louisiana. It has been played annually since January 1, 1935, and celebrated its 75th anniversary on January 2, 2009. The Sugar Bowl, along with the Orange Bowl and Sun Bowl, are the second-oldest bowl games in the country, behind the Rose Bowl Game.
The methodologies of the BCS system and its selections proved to be controversial. Although in most years the winner of the BCS National Championship would also be designated as the national champion by other organizations and polls (such as the Associated Press poll), the 2003 season was a major exception, as the BCS rankings chose the AP's No. 3-ranked team, the University of Oklahoma, over the No. 1-ranked team in that poll, the University of Southern California, to participate in the national title game (the Sugar Bowl) despite Oklahoma's loss to Kansas State University in the 2003 Big 12 Championship Game. That was the only season during the BCS era when the national championship was split, with Louisiana State University winning the BCS national championship and the University of Southern California winning the AP national championship, plus the football writers' national championship.
The 2003 Oklahoma Sooners football team represented the University of Oklahoma in the 2003 NCAA Division I-A football season, the 109th season of Sooner football. The team was led by two-time Walter Camp Coach of the Year Award winner, Bob Stoops, in his fifth season as head coach. They played their home games at Gaylord Family Oklahoma Memorial Stadium in Norman, Oklahoma. They were a charter member of the Big 12 Conference.
The 2003 USC Trojans football team represented the University of Southern California in the 2003 NCAA Division I-A football season. They were named the Associated Press and Football Writers Association of America (FWAA) national champions but were denied a spot in the BCS National Championship Game by the BCS selections for the national championship game.
The 2004 Nokia Sugar Bowl, the BCS National Championship Game for the 2003 college football season, was played on January 4, 2004 at the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans, Louisiana. The teams were the LSU Tigers and the Oklahoma Sooners. The Tigers won the BCS National Championship, their second national championship in school history, defeating the Sooners by a score of 21–14.
The BCS National Championship Game was played for the final time in 2014 after the same organizing group established a new system, the College Football Playoff, a four-team single elimination tournament, as the successor to the BCS.
The College Football Playoff (CFP) is an annual postseason knockout tournament to determine a national champion of the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), the highest level of college football competition in the United States. The inaugural tournament was held at the end of the 2014 NCAA Division I FBS football season which was won by Ohio State. Four teams play in two semifinal games, and the winner of each semifinal advances to the College Football Playoff National Championship game.
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The first BCS Championship Game was played at the conclusion of the 1998 college football season in accordance with an agreement by the Big Ten Conference, the Pac-10 Conference, and the Rose Bowl Game to join the "Bowl Alliance" system. The expanded format was called the Bowl Championship Series.
The 1998 NCAA Division I-A football season was the first of the Bowl Championship Series, which saw Tennessee win the national championship, one year after star quarterback Peyton Manning left for the NFL. The Volunteers defeated the Florida State Seminoles 23-16 in the Tostitos Fiesta Bowl in Tempe, Arizona to secure the inaugural BCS National Championship.
The Big Ten Conference is the oldest Division I collegiate athletic conference in the United States, based in suburban Chicago, Illinois. Despite its name, the conference consists of 14 members. They compete in the NCAA Division I; its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), formerly known as Division I-A, the highest level of NCAA competition in that sport. The conference includes the flagship public university in each of 11 states stretching from New Jersey to Nebraska, as well as two additional public land grant schools and a private university.
The Bowl Alliance was an agreement among college football bowl games for the purpose of trying to match the top two teams in a national championship bowl game and to provide quality bowl game matchups for the champions of its member conferences. The agreement was in place for the 1995, 1996, and 1997 seasons and had replaced the Bowl Coalition. Each participating team in the Bowl Alliance Championship received $8.5 million from the television sponsors.
The Bowl Alliance and its predecessor, the Bowl Coalition, featured championship games in the 1992–1997 seasons. However, these could not always ensure a matchup between the top two ranked teams because of the lack of participation by the Big Ten and Pac-10.
The Bowl Coalition was formed through an agreement among Division I-A college football bowl games and conferences for the purpose of forcing a national championship game between the top two teams and to provide quality bowl game matchups for the champions of its member conferences. It was established for the 1992 season after there were co-national champions for both the 1990 and 1991. The agreement was in place for the 1992, 1993, and 1994 college football seasons. It was the predecessor of the Bowl Alliance, and later the Bowl Championship Series.
The BCS National Championship Game was initially rotated among the four participating bowl games: the Rose Bowl, Orange Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, and Sugar Bowl. However, beginning with the 2006 season, the BCS National Championship Game was added as a separate contest, played after New Year's Day. The game rotated its location among the Fiesta, Sugar, Orange, and Rose venues.
|Season||Date||Winning Team||Score||Losing Team||Bowl Game||Site||Attendance|
|1998||January 4, 1999||1 Tennessee |
|23-16||2 Florida State |
|1999 Fiesta Bowl|| Sun Devil Stadium |
|1999||January 4, 2000||1 Florida State |
|46-29||2 Virginia Tech |
Big East Champions
|2000 Sugar Bowl|| Louisiana Superdome |
|2000||January 3, 2001||1 Oklahoma |
Big 12 Champions
|13-2||2 Florida State |
|2001 Orange Bowl|| Pro Player Stadium |
|2001||January 3, 2002||1 Miami (FL) |
Big East Champions
|37-14||2 Nebraska |
|2002 Rose Bowl|| Rose Bowl |
|2002||January 3, 2003||2 Ohio State |
Big Ten Co-Champions
|1 Miami (FL) |
Big East Champions
|2003 Fiesta Bowl|| Sun Devil Stadium |
|2003||January 4, 2004||2 LSU |
|21-14||1 Oklahoma |
|2004 Sugar Bowl|| Louisiana Superdome |
|2004||January 4, 2005||1 USC †|
|55-19||2 Oklahoma |
Big 12 Champions
|2005 Orange Bowl|| Pro Player Stadium |
Miami Gardens, Florida
|2005||January 4, 2006||2 Texas |
Big 12 Champions
|41-38||1 USC |
|2006 Rose Bowl|| Rose Bowl Stadium |
|2006||January 8, 2007||2 Florida |
|41-14||1 Ohio State |
Big Ten Champions
|2007 BCS National Championship Game|| University of Phoenix Stadium |
|2007||January 7, 2008||2 LSU |
|38-24||1 Ohio State |
Big Ten Champions
|2008 BCS National Championship Game|| Louisiana Superdome |
|2008||January 8, 2009||2 Florida |
|24-14||1 Oklahoma |
Big 12 Champions
|2009 BCS National Championship Game|| Dolphin Stadium |
Miami Gardens, Florida
|2009||January 7, 2010||1 Alabama |
|37-21||2 Texas |
Big 12 Champions
|2010 BCS National Championship Game|| Rose Bowl |
|2010||January 10, 2011||1 Auburn |
|22-19||2 Oregon |
|2011 BCS National Championship Game|| University of Phoenix Stadium |
|2011||January 9, 2012||2 Alabama |
|21-0||1 LSU |
|2012 BCS National Championship Game|| Mercedes-Benz Superdome |
New Orleans, Louisiana
|2012||January 7, 2013||2 Alabama |
|42-14||1 Notre Dame |
|2013 BCS National Championship Game|| Sun Life Stadium |
Miami Gardens, Florida
|2013||January 6, 2014||1 Florida State |
|34-31||2 Auburn |
|2014 BCS National Championship Game|| Rose Bowl |
† USC vacated its win in the 2005 Orange Bowl.
|Appearances||School||Wins||Losses||Win Pct||Title Season(s)|
|4||Florida State||2||2||.500||1999, 2013|
|3||Alabama||3||0||1.000||2009, 2011, 2012|
† USC vacated its win in the 2005 Orange Bowl.
|Conference||Appearances||Wins||Losses||Win Pct||# of Schools||School(s)|
|SEC||11||9**||2**||.818||5|| Alabama (3-0) |
|Big 12||7||2||5||.286||3|| Oklahoma (1-3)|
|ACC||4||2||2||.500||1||Florida State (2-2)|
|Big East*||3||1||2||.333||2|| Miami (FL) (1-1)|
Virginia Tech (0-1)
|Big Ten||3||1||2||.333||1||Ohio State (1-2)|
|Pac-12||3||1†||2||.333||2|| USC (1†-1)|
|Independent||1||0||1||.000||1||Notre Dame (0-1)|
Note: Conference affiliations are contemporaneous with the game, which may differ from the current alignment.
* The American Athletic Conference was known as the Big East during the 1991–2012 seasons. Because of a split between the non-FBS schools and FBS schools, the conference adopted its present name for the 2013 season.
** Alabama defeated fellow SEC member LSU in the 2012 BCS Championship Game, resulting in both a win and loss for the conference.
† USC vacated its win in the 2005 Orange Bowl.
|Team||Performance vs. Opponent||Year|
|Most Points||55, USC vs. Oklahoma||2005|
|Most Points Combined||79, Texas vs. USC||2006|
|Fewest Points Allowed||0, Alabama vs. LSU||2012|
|Fewest Points Combined||15, Oklahoma vs. Florida State||2001|
|First downs||30, Texas vs. USC||2006|
|Rushing yards||289, Texas (36 att.) vs. USC||2006|
|Passing yards||374, Oregon vs. Auburn||2011|
|Total yards||556, Texas (289 rush, 267 pass) vs. USC||2006|
|Total plays||85, Auburn vs. Oregon||2011|
|Largest comeback||18, Florida State vs. Auburn||2014|
|Individual||Performance, Team vs. Opponent||Year|
|Total offense||467, Vince Young, Texas (267 pass, 200 rush) vs. USC||2006|
|Rushing yards||200, Vince Young (QB), Texas (19 att.) vs. USC||2006|
|Rushing TDs||3, Vince Young (QB), Texas vs. USC||2006|
|Passing yards||363, Darron Thomas, Oregon vs. Auburn (28-41-2, 2 TD)||2011|
|Passing TDs||5, Matt Leinart, USC vs. Oklahoma||2005|
|Receptions||11, Kellen Winslow Jr., Miami vs. Ohio State (122 yards, 1 TD)||2003|
|Receiving yards (tie)||199, Peerless Price, Tennessee vs. Florida State (4 rec., 1 TD)||1999|
|Receiving yards (tie)||199, Andre Johnson, Miami vs. Nebraska (7 rec., 2 TD)||2002|
|Receiving TDs||3, Steve Smith, USC vs. Oklahoma||2005|
|Field goals||5, Jeremy Shelley, Alabama vs. LSU||2012|
|Tackles||18, James Laurinaitis, Ohio State vs. LSU||2008|
|Sacks||3, Derrick Harvey, Florida vs. Ohio State||2007|
|Interceptions||2, Sean Taylor, Miami vs. Ohio State||2003|
|Long Plays||Performance, Team vs. Opponent||Year|
|Touchdown rush||65, Chris "Beanie" Wells, Ohio State vs. LSU||2008|
|Touchdown pass||79, Tee Martin to Peerless Price, Tennessee vs. Florida State||1999|
|Pass||81, Darron Thomas to Jeff Maehl, Oregon vs. Auburn||2011|
|Kickoff return||100, Levante Whitfield, Florida State vs. Auburn (TD)||2014|
|Punt return||71, DeJuan Groce, Nebraska vs. Miami (TD)||2002|
|Interception return||54, Dwayne Goodrich, Tennessee vs. Florida State (TD)||1999|
|Punt||63, A.J. Trapasso, Ohio State vs. LSU||2008|
|Field goal||46, David Pino, Texas vs. USC||2006|
|1998||1999 Fiesta Bowl||Peerless Price||Tennessee||WR|
|1999||2000 Sugar Bowl||Peter Warrick||Florida State||WR|
|2000||2001 Orange Bowl||Torrance Marshall||Oklahoma||LB|
|2001||2002 Rose Bowl||Ken Dorsey||Miami (FL)||QB|
|Andre Johnson||Miami (FL)||WR|
|2002||2003 Fiesta Bowl||Craig Krenzel||Ohio State||QB|
|Mike Doss||Ohio State||S|
|2003||2004 Sugar Bowl||Justin Vincent||LSU||RB|
|2004||2005 Orange Bowl||Matt Leinart||USC||QB|
|2005||2006 Rose Bowl||Vince Young||Texas||QB|
|2006||2007 BCS National Championship Game||Chris Leak||Florida||QB|
|2007||2008 BCS National Championship Game||Matt Flynn||LSU||QB|
|2008||2009 BCS National Championship Game||Tim Tebow||Florida||QB|
|2009||2010 BCS National Championship Game||Mark Ingram||Alabama||RB|
|2010||2011 BCS National Championship Game||Michael Dyer||Auburn||RB|
|2011||2012 BCS National Championship Game||AJ McCarron||Alabama||QB|
|2012||2013 BCS National Championship Game||Eddie Lacy||Alabama||RB|
|2013||2014 BCS National Championship Game||Jameis Winston||Florida State||QB|
|P.J. Williams||Florida State||DB|
|1999||Chris Weinke||Florida State||L||51-25-2 274, 0 TD; 4-7 rush|
|2001||Eric Crouch||Nebraska||L||15-5-1 62, 0 TD; 22-114 rush|
|2003||Jason White||Oklahoma||L||37-13-2, 102, 0 TD; 7-(-46) rush|
|2004||Matt Leinart||USC||W||35-18-0 332, 5 TD; 2-(-11) rush||Win later vacated|
|2005||Reggie Bush||USC||L||13-82 1 TD; 6-95, 0 TD rec||Heisman later vacated|
|2006||Troy Smith||Ohio State||L||14-4-1, 35, 0 TD; 10-(-29) rush|
|2008||Sam Bradford||Oklahoma||L||41-26-2, 256, 2 TD; 2-(-18) rush|
|2009||Mark Ingram||Alabama||W||22-116, 2 TD|
|2010||Cam Newton||Auburn||W||34-20-1, 265, 2 TD; 22-64 rush|
|2013||Jameis Winston||Florida State||W||35-20-0, 237, 2 TD; 11-26 rush|
Critics of the BCS National Championship argued against the internal validity of a so-called national championship being awarded to the winner of a single postseason game. Critics lamented that the participants were selected based upon polls, computer rankings, popularity and human biases, and not by on-field competition, as in other major sports and all other levels of college football, which employed tournament-format championships. Often, the BCS system led to controversies in which multiple teams finished the season with identical records, and voters distinguished the worthiness of their participation in the BCS National Championship with no set of formal criteria or standards. The end of the 2010 season was one of the best examples of this. Without any objective criteria for evaluation of the teams, the BCS forced voters to impose their own standards and tiebreakers. Critics noted that the system inherently fostered selection bias, and therefore lacked both internal validity and external validity.
Controversies surrounding teams' inclusion in the BCS National Championship Game were numerous. In 2001, Oregon, ranked second in the AP poll, was bypassed in favor of Nebraska despite Nebraska's 62-36 blowout to Colorado in its final regular season game. In 2003, USC was not included in the championship game, but beat Michigan in the Rose Bowl and ended up No. 1 in the final AP poll. The following season, undefeated Auburn, Boise State, and Utah teams were left out of the national title game (the Orange Bowl). In 2008, the University of Utah was excluded from the BCS championship for a second time despite being the only undefeated FBS team and finished second in the final AP poll behind Florida. In 2009, five schools finished the regular season undefeated: Alabama, Texas, Cincinnati, TCU, and Boise State; however, the BCS formula selected traditional powers Alabama and Texas to participate in the BCS National Championship Game.
In 2010, three teams, Oregon, Auburn, and TCU, all finished the year with undefeated records. While TCU statistically led the other two teams in all three major phases of the game(1st in defense, 14th in offense and 13th in special teams ) the teams from the two automatic qualifying conferences, Oregon (Pac-12) and Auburn (SEC), were selected over the Horned Frogs for the 2011 national title game. Many voters cited TCU's membership in the non-automatic qualifying Mountain West Conference, perceived as having weaker teams, as one significant reason for their exclusion, despite TCU's undefeated regular-season records in both 2010 and the previous year. Adding to the controversy were comments made by the president of Ohio State University, Gordon Gee, who said that teams which played "the little sisters of the poor" instead of the "murderer's row" of teams in the automatic qualifier conferences did not deserve any national title game consideration. Gee retracted his statement and apologized after TCU defeated Wisconsin in the 2011 Rose Bowl (the Badgers had convincingly defeated Ohio State during the regular season).
Many critics of the Bowl Championship Series favored a tournament with eight to sixteen teams, similar to those administered by the NCAA for its Football Championship Subdivision (FCS), Division II, and Division III football championships. Others favored adopting the incremental step of adding a single post-bowl championship game between the winners of two BCS games among the top four ranked teams in the BCS standings, a so-called "plus one" option. On June 24, 2009, the BCS presidential oversight committee rejected the Mountain West Conference's proposed eight-team playoff plan.
In 2009, the NCAA ruled that former USC running back Reggie Bush was retroactively ineligible for the 2004 BCS National Championship, the 2005 Orange Bowl vs. Oklahoma, for receiving various illegal benefits. In May 2011, the NCAA rejected all appeals of USC's penalties, which included Bush's ineligibility and a two-year bowl ban. On June 6, 2011, USC became the first school to lose a Bowl Championship Series national title due to NCAA sanctions when the BCS presidential oversight committee stripped the school of its 2004 title. As a result, there is no 2004 BCS champion, although USC retained its 2004 AP national title. Additionally, the BCS also nullified USC's participation in the 2006 Rose Bowl. (See attributions 1 and 2.)[ citation needed ]
During 2012, the BCS actively considered changes to the format for the 2014 football season, to either to extend the season by one game by establishing a four-school semifinal round or by selecting the participants in the national championship game after the season's bowl games were completed.On June 26, 2012, the BCS presidential oversight committee approved a four-school playoff format, in which the participants are determined by a selection committee. The semifinals are played as existing bowl games on or around New Year's Eve and New Year's Day. The championship game is played approximately a week later at a neutral site selected through a competitive bidding process. The new format, known as the College Football Playoff is to be in effect from the 2014 college football season through the 2025 season.
From 1999 through 2005, ABC broadcast eight BCS National Championship Games pursuant to broadcasting rights negotiated with the BCS and the Rose Bowl, whose rights were offered separately. Beginning with the 2006 season, FOX obtained the BCS package, consisting of the Orange Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, Sugar Bowl, and the BCS National Championship Games hosted by these bowls, with ABC retaining the rights to the Rose Bowl and BCS National Championship Games hosted by the Rose Bowl.
On November 18, 2008, the BCS announced that ESPN had won the television rights to the BCS National Championship Game, as well as the other four BCS bowls, for 2011–2014.
|Year||Network(s)||Bowl||Play-by-play announcer||Color analyst(s)||Sideline reporter(s)||Studio host(s)||Studio analyst(s)||TV Rating|
|1999||ABC||Fiesta Bowl||Keith Jackson||Bob Griese||Lynn Swann||John Saunders||Todd Blackledge||17.2|
|2000||ABC||Sugar Bowl||Brent Musburger||Gary Danielson||Lynn Swann and Jack Arute||John Saunders||Terry Bowden||17.5|
|2001||ABC||Orange Bowl||Brad Nessler||Bob Griese||Lynn Swann and Jack Arute||John Saunders||Terry Bowden||17.8|
|2002||ABC||Rose Bowl||Keith Jackson||Tim Brant||Lynn Swann and Todd Harris||John Saunders||Terry Bowden||13.9|
|2003||ABC||Fiesta Bowl||Keith Jackson||Dan Fouts||Lynn Swann and Todd Harris||John Saunders||Terry Bowden||17.2|
|2004||ABC||Sugar Bowl||Brent Musburger||Gary Danielson||Lynn Swann and Jack Arute||John Saunders||Terry Bowden and Craig James||14.5|
|2005||ABC||Orange Bowl||Brad Nessler||Bob Griese||Lynn Swann and Todd Harris||John Saunders||Craig James and Aaron Taylor||13.7|
|2006||ABC||Rose Bowl||Keith Jackson||Dan Fouts||Todd Harris and Holly Rowe||John Saunders||Craig James and Aaron Taylor||21.7|
|2007||FOX||2007 BCS National Championship Game||Thom Brennaman||Barry Alvarez and Charles Davis||Chris Myers||Chris Rose||Emmitt Smith, Eddie George and Jimmy Johnson||17.4|
|2008||FOX||2008 BCS National Championship Game||Thom Brennaman||Charles Davis||Chris Myers||Chris Rose||Eddie George, Urban Meyer and Jimmy Johnson||17.4|
|2009||FOX||2009 BCS National Championship Game||Thom Brennaman||Charles Davis||Chris Myers||Chris Rose||Eddie George, Barry Switzer and Jimmy Johnson||15.8|
|2010||ABC||2010 BCS National Championship Game||Brent Musburger||Kirk Herbstreit||Lisa Salters and Tom Rinaldi||Chris Fowler and Rece Davis||Lee Corso, Desmond Howard, Pete Carroll, Lou Holtz and Mark May||17.2|
|2011|| ESPN |
|2011 BCS National Championship Game||Brent Musburger||Kirk Herbstreit||Erin Andrews and Tom Rinaldi||Chris Fowler||Desmond Howard, Urban Meyer and Nick Saban||16.1|
|2012||ESPN||2012 BCS National Championship Game||Brent Musburger||Kirk Herbstreit||Erin Andrews and Tom Rinaldi||Chris Fowler||Lee Corso, Gene Chizik and Chip Kelly||14.0|
|2013||ESPN||2013 BCS National Championship Game||Brent Musburger||Kirk Herbstreit||Heather Cox and Tom Rinaldi||Chris Fowler||Urban Meyer and Desmond Howard||17.5|
|2014||ESPN||2014 BCS National Championship Game||Brent Musburger||Kirk Herbstreit||Heather Cox and Tom Rinaldi||Chris Fowler||Lee Corso, Nick Saban and Desmond Howard||15.7|
As part of ESPN's contract with the BCS, ESPN Deportes provided the first Spanish-language U.S. telecast of the BCS National Championship Game in 2012.
From 1999 to 2014, the BCS National Championship Game was broadcast on ESPN Radio.
|Year||Network||Play-by-play announcer||Color analyst(s)||Sideline Reporter|
|1999||ESPN Radio||Ron Franklin||Mike Gottfried||Adrian Karsten|
|2000||ESPN Radio||Ron Franklin||Mike Gottfried||Adrian Karsten|
|2001||ESPN Radio||Ron Franklin||Mike Gottfried||Adrian Karsten|
|2002||ESPN Radio||Ron Franklin||Mike Gottfried||Adrian Karsten|
|2003||ESPN Radio||Ron Franklin||Mike Gottfried||Adrian Karsten|
|2004||ESPN Radio||Ron Franklin||Mike Gottfried||Adrian Karsten|
|2005||ESPN Radio||Ron Franklin||Mike Gottfried||Erin Andrews|
|2006||ESPN Radio||Ron Franklin||Bob Davie||Dave Ryan|
|2007||ESPN Radio||Brent Musburger||Bob Davie and Todd Blackledge||Lisa Salters|
|2008||ESPN Radio||Brent Musburger||Kirk Herbstreit||Lisa Salters|
|2009||ESPN Radio||Brent Musburger||Kirk Herbstreit||Lisa Salters|
|2010||ESPN Radio||Mike Tirico||Jon Gruden and Todd Blackledge||Wendi Nix|
|2011||ESPN Radio||Mike Tirico||Jon Gruden||Joe Schad|
|2012||ESPN Radio||Mike Tirico||Todd Blackledge||Holly Rowe|
|2013||ESPN Radio||Mike Tirico||Todd Blackledge||Holly Rowe and Joe Schad|
|2014||ESPN Radio||Mike Tirico||Todd Blackledge||Holly Rowe and Joe Schad|
During the BCS era, there was no NCAA Division I FBS playoff, and the BCS National Championship Game was just one of several national championship selection processes in existence.
The American Football Coaches Association (AFCA) participated in a weekly Coaches' Poll published by USA Today ; for its final poll of the season, the AFCA was contractually bound to select the BCS National Champion as its No. 1 team.Thus, the winner of the game was awarded the AFCA National Championship Trophy in a postgame ceremony.
The BCS National Champion was also automatically awarded the National Football Foundation's MacArthur Bowl.
The Associated Press and the Football Writers Association of America were independent of the BCS system; their national championship trophies could have been awarded to a school other than the BCS National Championship Game winner.
The Fiesta Bowl is an American college football bowl game played annually in the Phoenix metropolitan area. Between its origination in 1971 and 2006, the game was hosted in Tempe, Arizona at Sun Devil Stadium. Since 2007, it has been held at the State Farm Stadium in Glendale, Arizona.
The Associated Press provides weekly rankings of the top 25 NCAA teams in one of three Division I college sports: football, men's basketball and women's basketball. The rankings are compiled by polling 65 sportswriters and broadcasters from across the nation. Each voter provides his own ranking of the top 25 teams, and the individual rankings are then combined to produce the national ranking by giving a team 25 points for a first place vote, 24 for a second place vote, and so on down to 1 point for a twenty-fifth place vote. Ballots of the voting members in the AP Poll are made public.
Gary Allen Patterson is an American football coach and former player. He is the head football coach at Texas Christian University and the winningest coach in Horned Frogs' history. Patterson has led the TCU Horned Frogs to six conference championships—one Conference USA title in 2002; four Mountain West Conference titles in 2005, 2009, 2010 and 2011; and one Big 12 Conference title in 2014—and nine bowl game victories—including victories in the 2011 Rose Bowl and 2014 Peach Bowl. His 2010 squad finished the season undefeated at 13–0 after a 21-19 Rose Bowl victory over the Wisconsin Badgers on New Year's Day 2011, and ranked second in the final tallying of both major polls. He is currently the second longest tenured coach with one FBS program, only behind Kirk Ferentz of the University of Iowa.
The 2002 NCAA Division I-A football season ended with a double overtime national championship game. Ohio State and Miami both came into the Fiesta Bowl undefeated. The underdog Buckeyes defeated the defending-champion Hurricanes 31–24, ending Miami's 34-game winning streak. Jim Tressel won the national championship in only his second year as head coach.
The 2003 NCAA Division I-A football season ended with an abundance of controversy, resulting in a split national championship. This was the first split title since the inception of the BCS, something the BCS intended to eliminate.
The 2004 NCAA Division I-A football season was the highest level of college football competition in the United States organized by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). The regular season began on August 28, 2004 and ended on December 4, 2004. The postseason concluded on January 4, 2005 with the Orange Bowl, which served as the season's BCS National Championship Game.
The Coaches Poll is a weekly ranking of the top 25 NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) college football, Division I college basketball, and Division I college baseball teams. The football version of the poll has been known officially as the Amway Coaches Poll since 2014.
The AFCA National Championship Trophy is the trophy awarded annually by the American Football Coaches Association (AFCA) to the NCAA Division I FBS college football national champion as determined by the Coaches' Poll. The trophy has been presented since 1986 and was contractually given to the winner of the BCS National Championship Game and its predecessors from 1992 to 2013. It will continue to be awarded to the No. 1 ranked team in the final poll of the season.
The 2006 Boise State Broncos football team represented Boise State University in the 2006 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The Broncos won the Western Athletic Conference (WAC) championship with an undefeated 12–0 regular-season record, their second unbeaten regular season in the past three years. This was also Boise State's fifth consecutive season with at least a share of the WAC title, and the fourth in that period in which they went unbeaten in conference play. They became only the second team from outside the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) to play in a BCS bowl game when they faced Oklahoma in the 2007 Fiesta Bowl, defeating the Sooners in a dramatic thriller.
The 2008 NCAA Division I FBS football season was the highest level of college football competition in the United States organized by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).
The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) was a selection system designed, through polls and computer statistics, to determine a No. 1 and No. 2 ranked team in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS). After the final polls, the two top teams were chosen to play in the BCS National Championship Game which determined the BCS national champion team, but not the champion team for independent voting systems. This format was intended to be "bowl-centered" rather than a traditional playoff system, since numerous FBS Conferences have expressed their unwillingness to participate in a play-off system. However, due to the unique and often esoteric nature of the BCS format, there had been controversy as to which two teams should play for the national championship and which teams should play in the four other BCS bowl games. In this selection process, the BCS was often criticized for conference favoritism, its inequality of access for teams in non-Automatic Qualifying (non-AQ) Conferences, and perceived monopolistic, "profit-centered" motives. In terms of this last concern, Congress has explored the possibility on more than one occasion of holding hearings to determine the legality of the BCS under the terms of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, and the United States Justice Department has also periodically announced interest in investigating the BCS for similar reasons.
The NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), formerly known as Division I-A, is the top level of college football in the United States. The FBS is the most competitive subdivision of NCAA Division I, which itself consists of the largest and most competitive schools in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). As of 2018, there are 10 conferences and 130 schools in FBS.
The 2011 Tostitos BCS National Championship Game was the final college football game to determine the national champion of the 2010 NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) season. The finale of the 2010-2011 Bowl Championship Series was played at the University of Phoenix Stadium, the host facility of the Fiesta Bowl in Glendale, Arizona on January 10, 2011.
The Orange Bowl is an annual American college football bowl game played in the Miami metropolitan area. It has been played annually since January 1, 1935, making it, along with the Sugar Bowl and the Sun Bowl, the second-oldest bowl game in the country, behind the Rose Bowl. The Orange Bowl is one of the New Year's Six, the top bowl games for the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision.
The plus-one system, also known as a 4-team playoff, is a method of determining the National Champion in the Football Bowl Subdivision of NCAA football in the United States where the participants National Championship Game are dependent on the results of two bowl games. The format is of a 4-team playoff, where two bowl games act as semi-final games, and the winners of these games participate in the National Championship Game.
The 2014 NCAA Division I FBS football season was the highest level of college football competition in the United States organized by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).