East Hartford, Connecticut

Last updated
East Hartford, Connecticut
Town
EastHartfordCT Skyline.jpg
The skyline near the Connecticut River
EastHartfordCTflag.jpg
Flag
EastHartfordCTseal.jpg
Seal
E Hartford CT lg.PNG
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
East Hartford
Location in the contiguous United States and Connecticut
USA Connecticut location map.svg
Red pog.svg
East Hartford
East Hartford (Connecticut)
Coordinates: 41°45′41″N72°36′55″W / 41.76139°N 72.61528°W / 41.76139; -72.61528 Coordinates: 41°45′41″N72°36′55″W / 41.76139°N 72.61528°W / 41.76139; -72.61528
Country United States
U.S. state Connecticut
County Hartford
Metropolitan area Hartford
Incorporated 1783
Government
  Type Mayor-council
   Mayor Marcia Leclerc (D)
Area
  Total 18.7 sq mi (48.5 km2)
  Land18.0 sq mi (46.6 km2)
  Water0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)
Elevation
39 ft (12 m)
Population
 (2010) [1]
  Total51,252
  Density2,740.7/sq mi (1,058.2/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
06108, 06118
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-22630
GNIS feature ID0213424
Major Highways I-84.svg Connecticut Highway 2.svg
Website www.easthartfordct.gov

East Hartford is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 51,252 at the 2010 census. The town is located on the east bank of the Connecticut River, directly across from Hartford, Connecticut. [1] It is home to aerospace manufacturer Pratt & Whitney. It is also home to Rentschler Field, a stadium used mainly for soccer and football with a capacity is 40,000 people.

New England town Basic unit of local government in each of the six New England federated states of the United States

The New England town, generally referred to in New England simply as a town, is the basic unit of local government and local division of state authority in each of the six New England states and without a direct counterpart in most other U.S. states. New England towns overlay the entire area of a state, similar to civil townships in other states where they exist, but they are fully functioning municipal corporations, possessing powers similar to cities in other states. New Jersey's system of equally powerful townships, boroughs, towns, and cities is the system which is most similar to that of New England. New England towns are often governed by a town meeting legislative body. The great majority of municipal corporations in New England are based on the town model; statutory forms based on the concept of a compact populated place are uncommon, though they are prevalent elsewhere in the U.S. County government in New England states is typically weak at best, and in some states nonexistent. Connecticut, for example, has no county governments, nor does Rhode Island. Both of those states retain counties only as geographic subdivisions with no governmental authority, while Massachusetts has abolished eight of fourteen county governments so far. With few exceptions, counties serve mostly as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems.

Hartford County, Connecticut County of Connecticut in Connecticut

Hartford County is a county located in the north central part of the U.S. state of Connecticut. As of the 2010 census, the population was 894,014, making it the second-most populous county in Connecticut. Hartford County contains the city of Hartford, the state capital of Connecticut and the county's most populous city, with an estimated 123,400 residents in 2017. Hartford County is included in the Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over 10 people as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

History

When the Connecticut Valley became known to Europeans around 1631, it was inhabited by what were known as the River Tribes — a number of small clans of Native Americans living along the Great River and its tributaries. Of these tribes the Podunks occupied territory now lying in the towns of East Hartford and South Windsor, and numbered, by differing estimates, from sixty to two hundred bowmen. They were governed by two sachems, Waginacut and Arramamet, and were connected in some way with the Native Americans who lived across the Great River, in what is now Windsor. The region north of the Hockanum River was generally called Podunk; that south of the river, Hockanum; but these were no certain designations, and by some all the meadow along the Great River was called Hockanum. [2]

The Podunk were an indigenous people who spoke an Algonquian language and lived primarily in what is now known as Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. English colonists adopted use of a Nipmuc dialect word for the territory of this people.

South Windsor, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

South Windsor is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 25,709 at the 2010 census.

Sachem and Sagamore refer to paramount chiefs among the Algonquians or other Native American tribes of the northeast. The two words are anglicizations of cognate terms from different Eastern Algonquian languages. The Sagamore was a lesser chief than the Sachem. Both of these chiefs are elected by their people. Sagamores are chosen by single bands to represent them, and the Sachem is chosen to represent a tribe or group of bands. Neither title is hereditary but each requires selection by band thus led.

In 1659, Thomas Burnham (1617–1688) purchased the tract of land now covered by the towns of South Windsor and East Hartford from Tantinomo, chief sachem of the Podunk Indians. [2] Burnham lived on the land and later willed it to his nine children. [3] The town of Hartford, founded in 1635, once included the land now occupied by the towns of East Hartford, Manchester, Bolton, Vernon, and West Hartford. During the Revolutionary War, French troops under Lieutenant General Comte de Rochambeau twice camped in town, before and after aiding General George Washington’s forces in the 1781 defeat of the British during the Siege of Yorktown. [4]

Thomas Burnham was a lawyer and colonist, who was born in England and migrated to the American Colonies sometime prior to 1645. He lived most of his adult live in Connecticut where he was a lawyer and a landowner. He was among the earliest puritan settlers in Connecticut, living in Podunk and finally settling in Hartford, Connecticut. He purchased most of the land covered by the current towns of South Windsor, Connecticut and East Hartford, Connecticut. He was the first American ancestor of a large number of Burnhams. He died in Hartford at the age of 69.

Manchester, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Manchester is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 58,241. The urban center of the town is the Manchester census-designated place, with a population of 30,577 at the 2010 census. The town is named after Manchester, in England.

Bolton, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Bolton is a small rural town in Tolland County, Connecticut, United States. It is primarily residential, with an economy made up primarily of small businesses. The high school typically has between fifty and one hundred students per grade. The population was 4,980 as of the 2010 census. Bolton was incorporated in October 1720 and is governed by town meeting. Bolton was named after a town of the same name in England.

East Hartford was incorporated as a separate town in October 1783. Manchester separated from East Hartford in 1823. [2] Beginning in the late nineteenth century, residents began to form tax districts for fire protection, street lighting, sanitation, and other public works improvements. The East Hartford Fire District was granted a charter by the General Assembly in 1889 and organized in June, 1891. The Meadow Fire District existed before the turn of the twentieth century. The Hockanum Sewer District and Hockanum Lighting District were formed in 1915 and 1916 respectively. The Silver Lane Fire and Lighting District was founded in 1925. On June 10, 1929, voters of the town approved a new charter. All of the old districts were abolished and a Town Council would govern the municipality. [5]

Since first being settled, East Hartford's economy was primarily agricultural, with tobacco being the main crop. All that changed in 1929, when Frederick Rentschler, head of the new Pratt and Whitney Aircraft Company, moved production from Hartford to a sprawling 1,100 acre (445 ha) site in East Hartford. The grounds included a small airport called Rentschler Field that was in service from 1931 to 1999. It was originally used for test flights and maintenance operations, and later for corporate aviation. [6] The 75-acre (30 ha) site was decommissioned as an airport in the 1990s, and donated to the state of Connecticut by United Technologies in 1999, and a new Rentschler Field opened as a stadium with capacity of 40,000 people. Pursuant to a lease agreement with the State, UConn plays all its home football games at Rentschler Field.On July 16, 2015, it was announced that the stadium had been named Pratt & Whitney Stadium at Rentschler Field in a deal between Pratt & Whitney and UConn. The playing surface is still named Rentschler Field. [7]

Tobacco Agricultural product processed from the leaves of plants in the genus of nicotinia.

Tobacco is the common name of several plants in the Nicotiana genus and the Solanaceae (nightshade) family, and the general term for any product prepared from the cured leaves of the tobacco plant. More than 70 species of tobacco are known, but the chief commercial crop is N. tabacum. The more potent variant N. rustica is also used around the world.

Frederick Rentschler American aerospace engineer

Frederick Brant Rentschler was an American aircraft engine designer, aviation engineer, industrialist, and the founder of Pratt & Whitney Aircraft. Rentschler created and manufactured many revolutionary aircraft engines, including those used in the aircraft of Charles Lindbergh, Amelia Earhart and James Doolittle. He is also a co-founder of United Aircraft and Transport Corporation, the predecessor of United Technologies Corporation.

Pratt & Whitney Aircraft engine manufacturer

Pratt & Whitney is an American aerospace manufacturer with global service operations. It is a subsidiary of United Technologies (UTC). Pratt & Whitney's aircraft engines are widely used in both civil aviation and military aviation. Its headquarters are in East Hartford, Connecticut. As one of the "big three" aero-engine manufacturers, it competes with General Electric and Rolls-Royce, although it has also formed joint ventures with both of these companies. In addition to aircraft engines, Pratt & Whitney manufactures gas turbines for industrial and power generation, and marine turbines. In 2017, the company reported that in 2014 they had 38,737 employees supporting more than 11,000 customers in 180 countries around the world. In 2013, Pratt & Whitney's revenue totaled $14.5 billion.

Geography

The town is located on the east bank of the Connecticut River, directly across from Hartford, Connecticut. The town includes the neighborhoods of Burnside and Hockanum. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 18.7 square miles (48.5 km2), of which 18.0 square miles (46.6 km2) is land and 0.73 square miles (1.9 km2), or 3.93%, is water. [1]

Connecticut River River in the New England region of the United States

The Connecticut River is the longest river in the New England region of the United States, flowing roughly southward for 406 miles (653 km) through four states. It rises at the U.S. border with Quebec, Canada, and discharges at Long Island Sound. Its watershed encompasses five U.S. states and one Canadian province, 11,260 square miles (29,200 km2) via 148 tributaries, 38 of which are major rivers. It produces 70% of Long Island Sound's fresh water, discharging at 19,600 cubic feet (560 m3) per second.

Hartford, Connecticut Capital of Connecticut

Hartford is the capital city of Connecticut. It was the seat of Hartford County until Connecticut disbanded county government in 1960. The city is nicknamed the "Insurance Capital of the World", as it hosts many insurance company headquarters and is the region's major industry. It is the core city in the Greater Hartford area of Connecticut. Census estimates since the 2010 United States Census have indicated that Hartford is the fourth-largest city in Connecticut, behind the coastal cities of Bridgeport, New Haven, and Stamford.

Burnside Avenue human settlement in Connecticut, United States of America

Burnside Avenue is a main thoroughfare connecting East Hartford, Connecticut's Main Street to Manchester, Connecticut. The road is part of U.S. Route 44. It runs through a low income portion of East Hartford and is home to a significant population of Hispanics and African Americans. East Hartford Middle school is located near the center of the avenue and is next to the main campus of Goodwin College. The eastern portion of Burnside Avenue has little housing, but is significantly developed with strip malls and restaurants. The Avenue is home to two important parks in East Hartford. Martin Park in the west has a swimming pool and a skating park along with access to many of East Hartford's bike trails. The east of the avenue has an entrance to Wickham Park, a large private park containing an aviary, bike trails, hiking trails, picnic grounds, and a view of Hartford's skyline.

Demographics

As of [8] 2010, there were 51,252 people, 20,206 households, and 12,830 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,200 people per square mile (1,250/km2). There were 21,328 housing units at an average density of 1,180.2 per square mile (455.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 38.4% non-Hispanic White, 25.9% Black or African American, 0.03% Native American, 5.9% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.3% of the population.

There were 20,206 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the town, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $41,424, and the median income for a family was $50,540. Males had a median income of $36,823 versus $29,860 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,763. About 8.1% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

East Hartford has a mayor–council government. Marcia Leclerc was sworn in as Mayor of the Town of East Hartford on January 10, 2011. [9]

East Hartford town vote
by party in presidential elections [10]
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2016 69.20%13,18027.37% 5,2133.43% 654
2012 75.04%14,14924.16% 4,5560.80% 150
2008 73.19%14,81125.67% 5,1951.14% 230
2004 64.25%11,99633.86% 6,3221.90% 354
2000 67.12%12,37127.80% 5,1245.08% 936
1996 62.84%11,90423.89% 4,52513.27% 2,514
1992 48.70%11,45027.53% 6,47223.78% 5,590
1988 58.98%12,51140.07% 8,5010.95% 201
1984 47.78% 10,64751.64%11,5080.58% 129
1980 49.30%11,41636.65% 8,48714.05% 3,254
1976 57.57%14,05241.70% 10,1780.73% 179
1972 50.61%13,05748.12% 12,4141.27% 327
1968 60.03%14,34933.20% 7,9356.78% 1,620
1964 77.07%16,60522.93% 4,9400.00% 0
1960 62.53%12,97137.47% 7,7710.00% 0
1956 44.52% 8,26655.48%10,3030.00% 0
Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 30, 2007 [11]
PartyActive VotersInactive VotersTotal VotersPercentage
Democratic 11,3211,08812,40945.82%
Republican 2,8203053,12511.54%
Unaffiliated10,0871,42011,50742.48%
Minor Parties386440.16%
Total24,2662,81927,085100%
Historical population
CensusPop.
1820 3,375
1850 2,497
1860 2,95118.2%
1870 3,0071.9%
1880 3,50016.4%
1890 4,45527.3%
1900 6,40643.8%
1910 8,13827.0%
1920 11,64843.1%
1930 17,12547.0%
1940 18,6158.7%
1950 29,93360.8%
1960 43,97746.9%
1970 57,58330.9%
1980 52,563−8.7%
1990 50,452−4.0%
2000 49,575−1.7%
2010 51,2523.4%

Economy

East Hartford is home to the headquarters of Pratt & Whitney, [12] part of the United Technologies conglomerate. The manufacturing plant takes up a significant amount of East Hartford's area, and at its peak, it employed tens of thousands of people; [13] however, currently, it only employs about 7,621. [14] East Hartford also contains a Coca-Cola bottling plant, located on Main Street. The city is dotted with industrial and suburban office parks, and in the early 2000s, urban planners strategically situated a regional stadium, Rentschler Stadium (construction completed September 2003), and a hunting and camping focused department store, Cabela's, on the then vacant former Pratt & Whitney company airfield, Rentschler Field. [15]

Top employers

According to East Hartford's Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [16] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 Pratt and Whitney 9,000
2Town of East Hartford1,698
3 Goodwin College 720
4 Coca-Cola Refreshments 600
5 Bank of America 550
6 United Technologies Corporation Research Center515
7Riverside Health and Rehabilitation Center438
8 Connecticut Bureau of Enterprise Systems and Technology397
9 Cabela's 326
10 DXC Technology 297
11 Connecticut Natural Gas 263
12Red Thread, a subsidiary of Steelcase 175
13Connecticut Judicial Branch130
14United Steel127
15 Clearwater Paper 98

Education

Attractions

Rentschler Field Stadium in East Hartford Rentschler Field UConn.jpg
Rentschler Field Stadium in East Hartford

The Great River Park is located on the banks of the Connecticut River in East Hartford, providing riverside activities for the town. [17]

Wickham Park, located in East Hartford and Manchester, features Oriental gardens, fountains, open fields, woodlands, ponds, picnic areas, softball fields, and an aviary. The west side of the park offers a scenic view of East Hartford and the skyline of Hartford across the Connecticut River and is a popular site for weddings. It also has a very popular sledding hill in the winter. [18]

Nearby, Rentschler Field Stadium is home of the University of Connecticut Huskies football team. [19]

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Windsor, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Windsor is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States, and was the first English settlement in the state. It lies on the northern border of Connecticut's capital, Hartford. The population of Windsor was 29,044 at the 2010 census.

Greater Hartford Metropolitan region in the United States

Greater Hartford is a region located in the U.S. state of Connecticut, centered on the state's capital of Hartford. It represents the only combined statistical area in Connecticut defined by a city within the state, being bordered by the Greater Boston region to the northeast and New York metropolitan area to the south and west. Sitting at the southern end of the Metacomet Ridge, its geology is characterized by land of a level grade along the shores of Connecticut River Valley, with finer-grained soil than other regions in the state.

Pratt & Whitney Stadium at Rentschler Field football stadium in East Hartford, Connecticut

Pratt & Whitney Stadium at Rentschler Field is a stadium in East Hartford, Connecticut. It is primarily used for football and soccer, and is the home field of the University of Connecticut (UConn) Huskies. It may also host the Connecticut Underground of the Freedom Football League in the fall of 2010, it was home to the Hartford Colonials of the United Football League. The stadium, which opened in 2003, was the first stadium used primarily by an NCAA Division I-A team to open in the 21st century. The permanent stadium capacity is 40,000, consisting of 38,066 permanent seats with a standing-room area in the scoreboard plaza that can accommodate up to 1,934 people. It also has a game day capability to add approximately 2,000 temporary seats as it did for UConn football vs. Michigan in 2013. Connecticut played on campus at Memorial Stadium in Storrs, before 2003.

Hockanum River river in the United States of America

The Hockanum River is a river in Connecticut. Hockanum is derived from the Native American Podunk people Algonquin language word meaning "hook-shaped", so named because of the course of the river. The Hockanum neighborhood in East Hartford is named after it.

The Podunk Bluegrass Festival is a bluegrass festival established in 1996 and taking place in August each year in Connecticut, United States. The festival features local, regional, and national bluegrass musicians. Besides four days of music on the main stage, the festival hosts band and songwriting competitions, a kid's bluegrass academy, workshops with headlining bands, and separate picking and quiet camping areas.

Rentschler Heliport

Rentschler Heliport is a private heliport for the exclusive use of United Technologies Corporation, located 2 miles southeast of East Hartford, Connecticut.

Pratt & Whitney is a manufacturer of aircraft engines

Rentschler Field

Rentschler Field was an airport in East Hartford, Connecticut in use from 1933 to 1999. Originally a military facility, later a private corporate airport, it was decommissioned in 1999, after which the football stadium of the same name was built on the site. From 1930 to 1939, the Chance Vought Aircraft Corporations's manufacturing facility was located here, as was the Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Company and the Hamilton Standard Propellers Corporation.

The 2016 UConn Huskies football team represented the University of Connecticut during the 2016 NCAA Division I FBS football season as a member of the East Division of the American Athletic Conference. They played their home games at Rentschler Field. They were led by third-year head coach Bob Diaco. They finished the season 3–9, 1–7 in American Athletic play to finish in a three way tie for fourth place in the East Division.

Rentschler is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

The 2017 UConn Huskies football team represented the University of Connecticut during the 2017 NCAA Division I FBS football season as a member of the East Division of the American Athletic Conference. They played their home games at Rentschler Field. They were led by head coach Randy Edsall in his first year of his second stint and thirteenth year overall. They finished the season 3–9, 2–6 in AAC play to finish in a three-way tie for fourth place in the East Division.

The 2018 UConn Huskies football team represented the University of Connecticut during the 2018 NCAA Division I FBS football season as a member of the East Division of the American Athletic Conference. They played their home games at Rentschler Field. They were led by head coach Randy Edsall in his second year of his second stint and 14th year overall. They finished the season 1–11, 0–8 in AAC play to finish in last in the East Division. They set the single-season FBS record for most yards and most points allowed in a single season. This included giving up 50.42 points per game and allowed 617.4 yards per game.

The 2019 UConn Huskies football team represents the University of Connecticut (UConn) during the 2019 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The Huskies are led by head coach Randy Edsall, who is in the third year of his second stint as head coach at the school. The team plays their home games at Rentschler Field in East Hartford, Connecticut, and compete as members of the East Division of the American Athletic Conference. The 2019 season is be the Huskies' last as members of the American Athletic Conference.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): East Hartford town, Hartford County, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 26, 2012.
  2. 1 2 3 Goodwin, Joseph Olcott (1879). East Hartford: Its History and Traditions. Hartford, Connecticut: Case, Lockwood, and Brainard Co.
  3. Burnham, Roderick Henry (1869). The Burnham Family; Or Genealogical Records of the Descendants of the Four. Hartford, Connecticut: Case, Lockwood, and Brainard Co.
  4. "East Hartford". ConnecticutHistory.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  5. Paquette, Lee (1976). Only More So: The History of East Hartford, 1783-1976. East Hartford, CT: Raymond Library Company. pp. 142, 205, 209.
  6. "May 24, 1931: 'Original' Rentschler Field Dedicated". United Technologies. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  7. Rent Being Renamed Pratt & Whitney Stadium At Rentschler Field
  8. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 31, 2015. Retrieved September 1, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. Carlson, Suzanne (9 November 2015). "East Hartford Mayor Marcia Leclerc Sworn In To Third Term". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  10. https://authoring.ct.gov//SOTS/Election-Services/Statement-Of-Vote-PDFs/General-Elections-Statement-of-Vote-1922
  11. "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 30, 2007" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 1, 2015. Retrieved 2008-09-18.
  12. "Contact Us Archived 2011-03-19 at the Wayback Machine ." Pratt & Whitney. Retrieved on January 7, 2011. "Corporate Headquarters Pratt & Whitney 400 Main Street East Hartford, CT 06108."
  13. Chen, Xiangming and John Shemo. 2013. “Shifting Fortunes: Hartford’s Global and Regional Economic Dimensions.” Pp. 193-218 in Confronting Urban Legacy: Rediscovering Hartford and New England's Forgotten Cities. Xiangming Chen and Nick Bacon (eds). Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
  14. Town of East Hartford CAFR Archived 2013-07-24 at the Wayback Machine
  15. Bacon, Nick. 2013. “Podunk after Pratt: Place and Placelessness in East Hartford, CT.” Pp. 46-64 in Confronting Urban Legacy: Rediscovering Hartford and New England's Forgotten Cities. Xiangming Chen and Nick Bacon (eds). Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
  16. Town of East Hartford Annual Reports
  17. "Great River Park | Riverfront Recapture". www.riverfront.org. Retrieved 2017-05-22.
  18. "Wickham Park, Manchester Connecticut". www.wickhampark.org. Retrieved 2017-05-22.
  19. "UCONNHUSKIES.COM  :: University of Connecticut Huskies Official Athletic Site". www.uconnhuskies.com. Retrieved 2017-05-22.