Farmington, Connecticut

Last updated
Farmington, Connecticut
Farmington, Connecticut.png
Farmington, Connecticut by drone, May 2020
FarmingtonCTseal.png
Seal
Motto(s): 
"Respecting History, Planning The Future" [1]
Farmington CT lg.PNG
Coordinates: 41°43′40″N72°50′25″W / 41.72778°N 72.84028°W / 41.72778; -72.84028 Coordinates: 41°43′40″N72°50′25″W / 41.72778°N 72.84028°W / 41.72778; -72.84028
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
U.S. state Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut
County Hartford
NECTA Hartford
Region Capitol Region
SettledJune 1640
IncorporatedDecember 1645
Consolidated1947
CommunitiesFarmington
Bensted Corner
East Farmington Heights
Farmington Station
Oakland Gardens
River Glen
Unionville
Government
  Type Council-manager
  Town CouncilNancy Nickerson (R), Chm
Bruce Charette (D)
Paul Cianci (R)
Edward Giannaros (D)
Beth Kintner (D)
C.J. Thomas (R)
Patricia Boye Williams (D)
Area
  Total28.8 sq mi (74.5 km2)
  Land28.0 sq mi (72.6 km2)
  Water0.8 sq mi (2.0 km2)
Elevation
161 ft (49 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total25,340
  Density880/sq mi (340/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Codes
06032, 06085
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-27600
GNIS feature ID0213430
Interstates I-84.svg
U.S. Highways US 6.svg
State Routes Connecticut Highway 4.svg Connecticut Highway 10.svg Connecticut Highway 177.svg
Website www.farmington-ct.org

Farmington is a town in Hartford County in the Farmington Valley area of central Connecticut in the United States. The population was 25,340 at the 2010 census. [2] It sits 10 miles west of Hartford at the hub of major I-84 interchanges, 20 miles south of Bradley International Airport and two hours by car from New York City and Boston. It is home to the world headquarters of several large corporations including Otis Elevator Company and Carvel. The northwestern section of Farmington is a suburban neighborhood called Unionville.

Contents

History

Eighteenth and nineteenth centuries

TownDate of separation
Southington 1779
Berlin 1785
Bristol 1785
Wolcott (eastern part)1796
Burlington 1806
Avon (as Northington)1845
New Britain 1850
Plainville 1869

Farmington was originally inhabited by the Tunxis Indian tribe. In 1640, a community of English immigrants was established by residents of Hartford, making Farmington the oldest inland settlement west of the Connecticut River and the twelfth oldest community in the state. Settlers found the area ideal because of its rich soil, location along the floodplain of the Farmington River, and valley geography.

The town and river were given their present names in 1645, which is considered the incorporation year of the town. The town's boundaries were later enlarged several times, making it the largest in the Connecticut Colony. The town was named "Farmington" on account of its location within a farming district. [3]

Farmington has been called the "mother of towns" because its vast area was divided to produce nine other central Connecticut communities. The borough of Unionville, in Farmington's northwest corner, was once home to many factories harnessing the water power of the Farmington River.

Farmington is steeped in New England history. Main Street, in the historic village section, is lined with colonial estates, some of which date back to the 17th century. During the Revolutionary War, George Washington passed through Farmington on several occasions and referred to the town as "the village of pretty houses." [4] In addition, French troops under General Rochambeau encamped in Farmington en route to Westchester County to offer crucial support to General Washington's army.

Nineteenth century

Northwest View of Farmington from Round Hill, by John Warner Barber, 1836 John Warner Barber - Northwest View of Farmington from Round Hill.jpg
Northwest View of Farmington from Round Hill, by John Warner Barber, 1836
Post office and stage coach, 1907 postcard PostcardPO&StageCoachFarmingtonCT1906.jpg
Post office and stage coach, 1907 postcard

The majority of Farmington residents were abolitionists and were active in aiding escaped slaves. Several homes in the town were "safe houses" on the Underground Railroad. The town became known as "Grand Central Station" [5] [6] among escaped slaves and their "guides".

Farmington played an important role in the famous Amistad trial. In 1841, 38 Mende Africans and Cinqué, the leader of the revolt on the Amistad slave ship, were housed and educated in Farmington after the U.S. government refused to provide for their return to Africa following the trial. The Mende were educated in English and Christianity while funds were raised by residents for their return to Africa.

The Farmington Canal, connecting New Haven with Northampton, Massachusetts, passed through the Farmington River on its eastern bank and was in operation between 1828 and 1848. The canal's right of way and towpath were eventually used for a railroad, portions of which were active up to the 1990s. Part of the canal and railroad line has now been converted to multi-use paved trails, called the Farmington Canal Heritage Trail and the Farmington River Trail, respectively. [7]

Geography

Rattlesnake Mountain Ct rattle west.jpg
Rattlesnake Mountain

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.8 square miles (74.5 km2), of which 28.0 square miles (72.6 km2) is land and 0.77 square miles (2.0 km2), or 2.65%, is water. [2]

After its founding, Farmington gave up territory to form Southington (1779), Bristol (1785), Avon (1830), Plainville (1869), and parts of Berlin (1785) and Bloomfield (1835). [8] Farmington presently borders the towns of Avon, Burlington, Newington, West Hartford, and Plainville, and the cities of New Britain and Bristol.

Farmington is mostly wooded, but there are also meadows and hills in the east and southeast. There are also numerous ponds and lakes. The Farmington River runs through the town from the northwest from Burlington, enters Unionville, then takes a sharp turn near Farmington Center and flows north towards Avon. The Metacomet Ridge, a 100-mile (160 km) range of low traprock mountain ridges, occupies the east side of Farmington as Pinnacle Rock, Rattlesnake Mountain, Farmington Mountain, and Talcott Mountain.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1756 3,707    
1774 6,069+63.7%
1782 5,542−8.7%
1790 2,696−51.4%
1800 2,809+4.2%
1810 2,748−2.2%
1820 3,042+10.7%
1830 1,901−37.5%
1840 2,041+7.4%
1850 2,630+28.9%
1860 3,144+19.5%
1870 2,616−16.8%
1880 3,017+15.3%
1890 3,179+5.4%
1900 3,331+4.8%
1910 3,478+4.4%
1920 3,844+10.5%
1930 4,548+18.3%
1940 5,313+16.8%
1950 7,026+32.2%
1960 10,813+53.9%
1970 14,390+33.1%
1980 16,407+14.0%
1990 20,608+25.6%
2000 23,641+14.7%
2010 25,340+7.2%
Source: Interactive Connecticut State Register & Manual and U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division

As of the census [9] of 2010, there were 25,340 people, 9,496 households, and 6,333 families residing in the town. The population density was 879.9 people per square mile (339.7/km2). There were 11,072 housing units at an average density of 351.2 per square mile (135.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 85.92% White, 2.21% African American, 0.04% Native American, 9.59% Asian, 0.49% from other races, and 2.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.98% of the population. [10]

There were 10,522 households, out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-families. Of all households, 29.6% were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 22.0% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.

In 2018, the median household income was $94,606 and the per capita income for the town was $56,571. [11] About 3.1% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

Farmington town vote
by party in presidential elections [12]
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2016 53.37%7,63441.79% 5,9774.84% 692
2012 50.89%7,01347.97% 6,6111.15% 158
2008 57.48%8,08841.38% 5,8221.14% 161
2004 52.62%7,20945.97% 6,2981.41% 193
2000 51.49%6,37443.97% 5,4434.55% 563
1996 47.48%5,41541.56% 4,73910.96% 1,250
1992 39.74%4,91739.54% 4,89320.72% 2,564
1988 45.12% 4,84754.02%5,8030.86% 92
1984 37.25% 3,54262.37%5,9310.38% 36
1980 34.91% 3,17347.47%4,31417.62% 1,601
1976 41.63% 3,53658.01%4,9270.35% 30
1972 39.56% 3,08759.54%4,6460.90% 70
1968 44.80% 2,94250.75%3,3334.45% 292
1964 63.04%3,56836.96% 2,0920.00% 0
1960 45.44% 2,54554.56%3,0560.00% 0
1956 30.71% 1,43469.29%3,2360.00% 0
Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 28, 2008 [13]
PartyActive VotersInactive VotersTotal VotersPercentage
Democratic 5,5791865,76531.96%
Republican 4,4671724,63925.72%
Unaffiliated7,2293807,60942.18%
Minor Parties216270.15%
Total17,29674418,040100%

Economy

Top employers in Farmington according to the town's 2019 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report [14]

#Employer# of Employees
1 University of Connecticut Health Center 6,355
2 Otis Worldwide 800
3Town of Farmington723
4Connecticare700
5 Raytheon Technologies 550
6 Macy's 500
7 Trumpf 500
8 Tunxis Community College 500
9 American Red Cross 388
10Allied World Assurance Company350

Farmington is home to a significant and growing number of corporations. Fortune 500 industrial conglomerate United Technologies is headquartered on Farm Springs Road along with its subsidiary Otis Elevator. Carvel, ConnectiCare, Farmington Displays, and Horizon Technology Finance, all maintain corporate headquarters in Farmington. Other prominent employers include the American Red Cross, Bank of America, Farmington Sports Arena, McKesson, Stanley Black & Decker and TRUMPF Inc.

Farmington Bank was headquartered in town until it was acquired by People's United Bank in 2018.

The Jackson Laboratory of Bar Harbor, Maine, is building a new facility on the grounds of the University of Connecticut Health Center, which specializes in the research and development of genomic medicine. The project is part of BioScience Connecticut, an initiative designed to launch Connecticut into the forefront of biomedical research. A growing collection of doctor's offices and medical practices is concentrated in the vicinity of the University of Connecticut Health Center.

Farmington is unique in that more people work within the town lines than actually live there, a characteristic atypical of a traditional suburb.

Arts and culture

Locations listed on the National Register of Historic Places

First Church of Christ. Photo by Jack Boucher. 1stChurchofChrist FarmingtonCT.jpg
First Church of Christ. Photo by Jack Boucher.

Education

Farmington Public Schools operates public schools.

Students in Farmington have access to public schools that consistently rank among the best[ which? ] in the nation. The town has seven main public schools. The four K–4 elementary schools are Union School, West District School, Noah Wallace School, and East Farms School. The recently built West Woods Upper Elementary School houses all of grades 5 and 6. Irving A. Robbins Middle School houses grades 7 and 8. Farmington High School serves grades 9–12 for the entire town. In 2005, Farmington High School was ranked 125 on Newsweek magazine's list of the best schools in the United States, [15] in 2006 Farmington was ranked 269 [16] and in 2007, 298. [17]

Miss Porter's School, an exclusive college preparatory school for girls, is in Farmington. The school, whose buildings occupy much of the village center, is a significant historic and cultural institution in its own right. Founded in 1843 by educational reformer Sarah Porter, Miss Porter's has long been one of the most selective preparatory schools for girls in the country. Famous alumni include Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, Lilly Pulitzer and members of the Bush, Vanderbilt, and Rockefeller families.[ citation needed ]

Tunxis Community College is in the southwest part of the town.

Infrastructure

UConn Health Center UConn Health Center.jpg
UConn Health Center

The University of Connecticut Health Center in Farmington employs over 5,000 people.[ citation needed ] The Health Center also houses John Dempsey Hospital. The hospital provides the only full-service emergency department in the Farmington Valley and a Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), one of only two in Connecticut.

Connecticut's first temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints opened in Farmington in 2016.

Transportation

Connecticut Transit Hartford provides local bus service.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

Hartford, Connecticut Capital of Connecticut, United States

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Hartford County, Connecticut County in Connecticut, US

Hartford County is a county located in the north central part of the U.S. state of Connecticut. According to the 2010 census, the population was 894,014, making it the second-most populous county in Connecticut. In 2019, its population declined to an estimated 891,720. Hartford County contains the city of Hartford, the state capital of Connecticut and the county's most populous city, with an estimated 122,105 residents in 2019. Hartford County is included in the Hartford-East Hartford-Middletown metropolitan statistical area.

Avon, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

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Canton, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

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Wolcott, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

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West Hartford, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

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Farmington River River in the United States of America

The Farmington River is a river, 46.7 miles (75.2 km) in length along its main stem, located in northwest Connecticut with major tributaries extending into southwest Massachusetts. The longest route of the river, from the origin of its West Branch, is 80.4 miles (129.4 km) long, making it the Connecticut River's longest tributary by 2.3 miles (3.7 km) over the major river directly to its north, the Westfield River. The Farmington River's watershed covers 609 square miles (1,580 km2). Historically, the river played an important role in small-scale manufacturing in towns along its course, but it is now mainly used for recreation and drinking water.

Greater Hartford Metropolitan region in the United States

Greater Hartford is a region located in the U.S. state of Connecticut, centered on the state's capital of Hartford. It represents the only combined statistical area in Connecticut defined by a city within the state, being bordered by the Greater Boston region to the northeast and New York metropolitan area to the south and west. Sitting at the southern end of the Metacomet Ridge, its geology is characterized by land of a level grade along the shores of Connecticut River Valley, with finer-grained soil than other regions in the state.

Metacomet Trail

The Metacomet Trail is a 62.7-mile (100.9 km) Blue-Blazed hiking trail that traverses the Metacomet Ridge of central Connecticut and is a part of the newly designated 'New England National Scenic Trail'. Despite being easily accessible and close to large population centers, the trail is considered remarkably rugged and scenic. The route includes many areas of unique ecologic, historic, and geologic interest. Notable features include waterfalls, dramatic cliff faces, woodlands, swamps, lakes, river flood plain, farmland, significant historic sites, and the summits of Talcott Mountain and the Hanging Hills. The Metacomet Trail is maintained largely through the efforts of the Connecticut Forest and Park Association.

Farmington Mountain

Farmington Mountain, 502 feet (153 m), is a traprock ridge located 9 miles (14 km) southwest of Hartford, Connecticut in the town of Farmington. It is part of the narrow, linear Metacomet Ridge that extends from Long Island Sound near New Haven, Connecticut, north through the Connecticut River Valley of Massachusetts to the Vermont border. Farmington Mountain is known for its microclimate ecosystems, rare plant communities, and for the historic Hill-Stead Museum. Farmington Mountain is traversed by the 51-mile (82 km) Metacomet Trail.

Connecticut Route 167

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Connecticut Route 177

Route 177 is a state highway in central Connecticut, running from Plainville to Canton.

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