Cornwall, Connecticut

Last updated
Cornwall, Connecticut
West Cornwall covered bridge 09.jpg
West Cornwall covered bridge
CornwallCTSeal.png
Seal
Cornwall CT lg.PNG
Location in Litchfield County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°50′43″N73°19′53″W / 41.84528°N 73.33139°W / 41.84528; -73.33139 Coordinates: 41°50′43″N73°19′53″W / 41.84528°N 73.33139°W / 41.84528; -73.33139
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
U.S. state Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut
County Litchfield
Region Northwest Hills
Incorporated (city)May 1740 [1]
Government
  Type Selectman-town meeting
  First selectmanGordon M. Ridgway (D)
  SelectmanRichard Bramley (D)
  SelectmanHeidi L. Kearns (R)
Area
  Total46.3 sq mi (120.0 km2)
  Land46.1 sq mi (119.3 km2)
  Water0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
Elevation
709 ft (216 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total1,420
  Density31/sq mi (11.9/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
06754, 06796
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-17240
GNIS feature ID0213412
Website www.cornwallct.org

Cornwall is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 1,420 at the 2010 census. [2]

Contents

History

Cornwall was incorporated in May 1740 [1] and was named after the county of Cornwall in England. [3]

In 1939 poet Mark Van Doren wrote "The Hills of Little Cornwall", in which the seductive beauties of the countryside were portrayed: [4]

The mind, eager for caresses,
Lies down at its own risk in Cornwall;

Cornwall also makes a glancing appearance in Wallace Stevens's late poem "Reality is an Activity of the Most August Imagination."

Geography

Cornwall is in northwestern Litchfield County. It is bordered to the north by the town of Canaan, to the east by Goshen, to the south by Warren, to the southwest by Kent, and to the west, across the Housatonic River, by Sharon. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Cornwall has a total area of 46.3 square miles (120.0 km2), of which 46.1 square miles (119.3 km2) are land and 0.3 square miles (0.7 km2), or 0.55%, are water. [2] The town contains a major portion of Mohawk State Forest.

Principal communities

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1820 1,661
1850 2,041
1860 1,953−4.3%
1870 1,772−9.3%
1880 1,583−10.7%
1890 1,283−19.0%
1900 1,175−8.4%
1910 1,016−13.5%
1920 834−17.9%
1930 8785.3%
1940 9073.3%
1950 896−1.2%
1960 1,05117.3%
1970 1,17712.0%
1980 1,2889.4%
1990 1,4149.8%
2000 1,4341.4%
2010 1,420−1.0%
Est. 20141,398 [5] −1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]

As of the census [7] of 2000, there were 1,434 people, 615 households, and 389 families residing in the town. The population density was 31.2 people per square mile (12.0/km²). There were 873 housing units at an average density of 19.0 per square mile (7.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.49% White, 0.21% African American, 0.70% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.46% of the population.

A sketch of the village by John Warner Barber (1835) shows the buildings used by the Foreign Mission School, to the right of the church at center. BarberSketchOfCornwall.jpg
A sketch of the village by John Warner Barber (1835) shows the buildings used by the Foreign Mission School, to the right of the church at center.

There were 615 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the town, the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 3.3% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 28.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $54,886, and the median income for a family was $64,750. Males had a median income of $46,875 versus $30,536 for females. The per capita income for the town was $42,484. About 1.0% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 1.6% of those age 65 or over.

Some of the main features of Cornwall include the Cream Hill Lake, the Covered Bridge, Mohawk Ski Mountain and the town which contains a library and tennis courts.

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 25, 2005 [8]
PartyActive votersInactive votersTotal votersPercentage
Democratic 330633631.97%
Republican 246425023.79%
Unaffiliated447845543.29%
Minor Parties100100.95%
Total1,033181,051100%

Education

Cornwall is a member of Regional School District 01, which also includes the towns of Canaan, Kent, North Canaan, Salisbury, and Sharon. Public school students attend the Cornwall Consolidated School for grades K-8 and Housatonic Valley Regional High School for grades 9-12.

Arts and culture

The Cornwall Library, organized in 1869, constructed a new building in 2002 that houses a collection of over 28,000 items. It sponsors a long-running art show, along with many other events.

The Cornwall Chronicle is a non-profit monthly newspaper that publishes news and feature stories about Cornwall, a calendar of events, and drawings by local artists. It was started in 1991 and has not missed an issue since.

Museums and other points of interest

The town was home to the Foreign Mission School between 1817 and 1826.

Infrastructure

Transportation

West Cornwall Covered Bridge Cornwall-Covered-Bridge.jpg
West Cornwall Covered Bridge

The town is served by Connecticut Route 4, U.S. Route 7, and Connecticut Routes 43, 125 and 128. Route 4 leads east 13 miles (21 km) to Torrington and west 11 miles (18 km) to Sharon, while Route 7 leads north 14 miles (23 km) to North Canaan and south 25 miles (40 km) to New Milford. Routes 43, 125 and 128 are entirely within the town of Cornwall, Route 43 running from North Corners near Cornwall village to Cornwall Hollow, Route 128 running from North Corners to West Cornwall, and Route 125 running from Cornwall Village north to Route 128.

The covered bridge in West Cornwall, crossing the Housatonic River, is one of only three covered bridges in Litchfield County. It has a span of 242 feet (74 m) and has been in continuous service since 1864.

Notable people

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References

  1. 1 2 "Cornwall, Connecticut". City-Data.com. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
  2. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Cornwall town, Litchfield County, Connecticut". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
  3. The Connecticut Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly. Connecticut Magazine Company. 1903. p. 331.
  4. Academy of American Poets, "The Hills of Little Cornwall", accessed October 7, 2019
  5. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 25, 2005" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-09-23. Retrieved 2006-10-02.
  9. Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967.
  10. "John Sedgwick". Who’s Who In The Civil war. Retrieved September 19, 2012.