Norfolk, Connecticut

Last updated
Norfolk, Connecticut
Norfolk, Connecticut.jpg
NorfolkCTseal.JPG
Seal
Norfolk CT lg.PNG
Location in Litchfield County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°59′01″N73°11′47″W / 41.98361°N 73.19639°W / 41.98361; -73.19639 Coordinates: 41°59′01″N73°11′47″W / 41.98361°N 73.19639°W / 41.98361; -73.19639
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
U.S. state Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut
County Litchfield
Region Northwest Hills
Incorporated1758
Government
  Type Selectman-town meeting
  First selectmanMatthew T. Riiska (D)
  SelectmanSusan M. Dyer (D)
  SelectmanAlexandra (Sandy) Evans (R)
Area
  Total46.4 sq mi (120.2 km2)
  Land45.3 sq mi (117.4 km2)
  Water1.1 sq mi (2.9 km2)
Elevation
1,230 ft (375 m)
Population
 (2010) [1]
  Total1,709
  Density38/sq mi (14.6/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
06058
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-53470
GNIS feature ID0213476
Website www.norfolkct.org

Norfolk (locally /ˈnɔːrfɔːrk/ ) [2] is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 1,709 at the 2010 census. [1] The urban center of the town is the Norfolk census-designated place, with a population of 553 at the 2010 census. [3]

Contents

Norfolk is perhaps best known as the site of the Yale Summer School of Music – Norfolk Chamber Music Festival, which hosts an annual chamber music concert series in "the Music Shed", a performance hall located on the Ellen Battell Stoeckel estate to the west of the village green. Norfolk has important examples of regional architecture, notably the Village Hall (now Infinity Hall, a shingled 1880s Arts-and-Crafts confection, with an opera house upstairs and storefronts at street level); the Norfolk Library (a shingle-style structure, designed by George Keller, ca 1888/1889); and over thirty buildings, in a wide variety of styles, designed by Alfredo S. G. Taylor (of the New York firm Taylor & Levi) in the four decades before the Second World War.

History

Norfolk in 1897 NorfolkCTHaystackHill1897.jpg
Norfolk in 1897

Norfolk incorporated as a town in 1758. The town was named after Norfolk in England. [4]

The Norfolk Historic District includes the historic center of the village of Norfolk.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 46.4 square miles (120.2 km2), of which 45.3 square miles (117.4 km2) are land and 1.1 square miles (2.9 km2), or 2.38%, are water. [1] The town is located in the Litchfield Hills portion of the Appalachian mountain range. Norfolk's elevation is 1,230 feet (370 m) above sea level, and the town is sometimes called "the Icebox of Connecticut"[ citation needed ] for its severe winters and particularly cool summers.

The town is bordered on the west by Canaan and North Canaan, Connecticut; on the north by New Marlborough and Sandisfield, Massachusetts; on the east by Colebrook and Winchester, Connecticut; and on the south by Goshen, Connecticut.

Principal communities

State parks

Norfolk is home to three state parks: Dennis Hill State Park, which includes the remnants of a lavish summer pavilion designed by Alfredo Taylor; Haystack Mountain State Park, with a stone tower at the mountain's summit; and Campbell Falls State Park Reserve, with an approximately 100-foot (30 m) natural waterfall.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1820 1,422
1850 1,643
1860 1,8039.7%
1870 1,641−9.0%
1880 1,418−13.6%
1890 1,5469.0%
1900 1,6144.4%
1910 1,541−4.5%
1920 1,229−20.2%
1930 1,2985.6%
1940 1,3332.7%
1950 1,57217.9%
1960 1,82716.2%
1970 2,07313.5%
1980 2,1564.0%
1990 2,060−4.5%
2000 1,660−19.4%
2010 1,7093.0%
Est. 20141,655 [5] −3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]

As of the census [7] of 2000, there were 1,660 people, 676 households, and 461 families residing in the town. The population density was 36.6 people per square mile (14.1/km²). There were 871 housing units at an average density of 19.2 per square mile (7.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.11% White, 0.48% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.60% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.96% of the population.

There were 676 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the town, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $58,906, and the median income for a family was $67,500. Males had a median income of $41,654 versus $36,442 for females. The per capita income for the town was $34,020. About 1.8% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Norfolk is a member of Regional School District 07, which also includes, Barkhamsted, Colebrook, and New Hartford. Public school students attend Botelle Elementary School for grades K-6, Northwestern Middle School for grades 7-8, and Northwestern Regional High School for grades 9-12.

Transportation

The main thoroughfares of the town are U.S. Route 44 (going east-west, also known as Greenwoods Road) and Connecticut Route 272 (going north-south, with 272N also known as North Street and 272S also known as Litchfield Road). US 44 leads west 7 miles (11 km) to North Canaan and southeast 10 miles (16 km) to Winsted, while CT 272 leads south 15 miles (24 km) to Torrington.

Notable locations

Norfolk Public Library (1888-89), George Keller, architect LOC 20216v.jpg
Norfolk Public Library (1888-89), George Keller, architect

Notable people, past and present

The Alders, built in 1898, designed by Ehrick Rossiter The Alders (now Manor House), a Victorian Tudor mansion in Norfolk, Connecticut.jpg
The Alders, built in 1898, designed by Ehrick Rossiter

Notable residents have included:

Climate

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Norfolk has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps. [9]

Related Research Articles

Kent, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Kent is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, alongside the border with New York. The population was 2,979 at the 2010 census, up from 2,858 at the 2000 census. The town is home to three boarding schools: Kent School, the Marvelwood School, and South Kent School. The Schaghticoke Indian Reservation is also located within town borders.

Litchfield County, Connecticut County in Connecticut, US

Litchfield County is located in northwestern Connecticut in the New York metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 189,927. The county was named after Lichfield, in England. Litchfield County has the lowest population density of any county in Connecticut and is geographically the state's largest county.

Barkhamsted, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Barkhamsted is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. It contains seven villages, West Hill, Mallory, Barkhamsted Center, Center Hill, Washington Hill, Pleasant Valley, and Riverton. The population was 3,799 at the 2010 census, up from 3,494 at the 2000 census. The town incorporated in 1779. Barkhamsted was named after Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England.

Bethlehem, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Bethlehem is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 3,607 at the 2010 census, up from 3,422 at the 2000 census. The town center is a historic district and a census-designated place (CDP).

Colebrook, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Colebrook is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 1,485 at the 2010 census. Colebrook was named after Colebrooke in the English county of Devon; the reason is now unknown.

Cornwall, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Cornwall is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 1,420 at the 2010 census.

Goshen, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Goshen is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 2,976 at the 2010 census.

North Canaan, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

North Canaan is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 3,315 at the 2010 census. The town center is still called "Canaan", being the main town center of the old town of Canaan prior to North Canaan splitting off as its own town.

Roxbury, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Roxbury is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 2,262 at the 2010 census.

Sharon, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Sharon is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States, in the northwest corner of the state. At the time of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 2,782, roughly a third more than it had had 230 years earlier. The ZIP code for Sharon is 06069. The urban center of the town is the Sharon census-designated place, with a population of 729 at the 2010 census.

Warren, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Warren is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 1,461 at the 2010 census, up from 1,254 at the 2000 census. The town was named for Revolutionary War General Joseph Warren.

Winchester, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Winchester is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 11,242 at the 2010 census. The city of Winsted is located in Winchester.

Woodbury, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Woodbury is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 9,975 at the 2010 census, up from 9,198 at the 2000 census. The town center, comprising the adjacent villages of Woodbury and North Woodbury, is designated by the U.S. Census Bureau as the Woodbury Center census-designated place (CDP). Woodbury was founded in 1673.

Middlebury, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Middlebury is a town in New Haven County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 7,575 at the 2010 census.

Canaan, New York Town in New York, United States

Canaan is a town in Columbia County, New York, United States. The population was 1,710 at the 2010 census. The town is in the northeast part of the county.

Falls Village, Connecticut United States historic place

Falls Village is a village and census-designated place in the town of Canaan in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 538, out of 1,234 in the entire town of Canaan. Because Falls Village is the town center and principal constituent village in Canaan, the entire town is often referred to as "Falls Village". That usage also avoids confusion of the town with Canaan Village in the town of North Canaan, Connecticut, not far away. Falls Village derives its name from a waterfall, known as Great Falls, on the Housatonic River within the village.

Canaan, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Canaan is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 1,234 at the 2010 census, up from 1,081 at the 2000 census. The town of Canaan is often referred to locally by the name of its principal settlement, Falls Village.

Canaan (village), Connecticut United States historic place

Canaan is a village and census-designated place (CDP) within the town of North Canaan in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. Formerly known as Canaan Depot, the village is more commonly known as Canaan Village to distinguish it from the town of Canaan located to the south of North Canaan. The Canaan Village Historic District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. As of the 2010 census, the CDP had a population of 1,212, out of a total population of 3,315 in the town of North Canaan.

Litchfield (borough), Connecticut Borough in Connecticut, United States

Litchfield is a borough in, and the village center of, the town of Litchfield in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 1,258 at the 2010 census. The entire borough was designated a Connecticut historic district in 1959 by special act of the state General Assembly and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Part of the borough is also a National Historic Landmark, the Litchfield Historic District.

Norfolk (CDP), Connecticut Census-designated place in Connecticut, United States

Norfolk is a census-designated place (CDP) in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. It is the central village within the town of Norfolk. As of the 2010 census, the population of the CDP was 553, out of 1,709 in the entire town.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Norfolk town, Litchfield County, Connecticut". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
  2. Kelly, Michael (2014). "You Say Norfork, I Say Norfolk." Norfolk Now.
  3. https://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/cph-2-8.pdf
  4. The Connecticut Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly. Connecticut Magazine Company. 1903. p. 333.
  5. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. "Mrs. Barbara Morgan, 83, Dies; A Specialist in Mental Testing". The New York Times. 1971. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  9. Climate Summary for Norfolk, Connecticut, weatherbase.com; accessed January 1, 2015.