|Toledo Rockets football|
|Head coach|| Jason Candle |
7th season, 46–27 (.630)
|Stadium|| Glass Bowl |
|Field surface||Field Turf|
|NCAA division||Division I FBS|
|Past conferences||Independent (1917–1920)|
Northwest Ohio League (1921–1930)
Ohio Athletic Conference (1932–1947)
|All-time record||520–428–24 (.547)|
|Bowl record||11–9 (.550)|
|Rivalries||Bowling Green (rivalry)|
|Colors||Midnight blue and gold |
|Fight song||U of Toledo|
The Toledo Rockets football team is a college football program in Division I FBS, representing the University of Toledo. The Rockets compete in the Mid-American Conference. Toledo began playing football in 1917, although it did not field teams in 1931, 1943, 1944, and 1945. Since the inception of the AP Poll in 1936, Toledo has finished in the Top 25 four times. Its highest finish came in 1970 when it ranked No. 12 after finishing 12–0. Toledo has a 11–9 record in bowl games. The Rockets were the 2017 MAC champions. The team's head coach is Jason Candle.
Toledo first fielded a football team in 1917, under the leadership of John Brandeberry. According to Toledo Rockets lore, the team began when a group of students purchased uniforms from a sporting goods store, then arranged a game against the University of Detroit in order to settle the debt. Brandeberry stepped in to coach the team, which promptly lost the game 145–0 (but settled the debt).
For the first few years Toledo played without a nickname, but was dubbed the "Rockets" after two long touchdown runs in a 1923 loss to Carnegie Tech. That season also saw Toledo win its first conference title.Clarence Spears served as the Rocket's head coach and athletics director for seven seasons, from 1936 to 1942. Under his tutelage, the Rockets compiled a record of 38–26–2. which included five consecutive winning seasons. In two seasons, the Rockets compiled a record of 11–10 under head coach Skip Stahley. Forrest England served as Toledo's head coach for two seasons in 1954 and 1955, compiling a record of 9–7–2.
In April 1930, Toledo hired Jim Nicholson to become the Rockets first full-time football coach. With his upgraded schedule and organized recruiting, Nicholson helped build UT's team into a powerful and respected program. In his final season, the Rockets finished 6–2–1, including a 63–0 win over rival team Bowling Green. The huge win led to a 13-year break in the rivalry between the two schools.
Nicholson help design the Glass Bowl stadium, and continued to be involved in the school's athletics following his retirement by reorganizing the Varsity 'T' Club. He finished his career as the Rocket's head coach with a 20-16-4 record.
Clarence Spears continued to help the UT football program grow following Nicholson, with 38 career victories that stood as a UT record for 30 years before being surpassed by Frank Lauterbur's mark of 48 wins. In 1942 when UT's football program was suspended due to WWII, Spears left to take the head coaching job at Maryland. His overall record as head coach for the Rockets was 38–26–2.
Although head coach for the Rockets for just two seasons, Bill Orwig established one of the best winning percentages in the program's history (.762). He is one of few coaches in UT to coach two sports at once, overseeing both the football and basketball teams. His overall record as football coach was 15–4–2.
Affectionately known at "FXL" by his team, Frank Lauterbur coached the Rockets during one of the most successful eras of the program's history. Under his leadership, Toledo won three MAC titles including the first in the school history in 1967, and won both of their two consecutive Tangerine Bowl appearances. The team's 35 consecutive game wins during Lauterbur's era ranks fifth in the longest winning streaks in NCAA Division I football. Charles "Chuck" Ealey led the Rockets to all 35 victories as starting quarterback.
In 1970, the Rockets finished the season ranked 12th in the AP Poll and 17th in the UPI poll. After capping that season with a second Tangerine Bowl victory, Lauterbur took a head coaching job at Iowa. His overall 48–32–2 record at UT includes two perfect seasons in 1969 and 1970.
Jack Murphy, an assistant under Frank Lauterbur and coach of Heidelberg, took over as head coach for the Rockets in 1971. In his first season, he led the Rockets to an undefeated 12–0 record, a MAC Championship title, a third consecutive Tangerine Bowl win, and a 14th ranking in the year's final AP poll. That was also the year Toledo's famed winning streak reached 35 games, a streak begun under former coach Lauterbur. Murphy led the Rockets to a 35–32 record before his departure in 1976.
Chuck Stobart held the head coaching position for five seasons, rebuilding the Rockets into a stronger program and premier MAC conference contender. He earned MAC "Coach of the Year" honors in 1979 and 1981. In 1981, he led UT to a 9–3 record, a MAC Championship title, and a memorable 27–25 victory over San Jose State in the California Bowl that was decided on a last-second field goal by Tony Lee. Stobart left UT to become the head coach at Utah in 1981, departing with an overall 24–31–1 record with the Rockets.
Dan Simrell took over the UT football program after Stobart's departure, going on to coach through eight seasons with a total of 50 victories, the third-most wins of any coach in the program's history. In 1984 with a 9–2–1 record, he led UT to a Mid-American Conference title and a California Bowl appearance.
A native of Toledo, Simrell was the first UT alum to coach the football team. He lettered as a quarterback from 1962 to 1964 and served as an assistant coach from 1971 to 1981. Overall, Simrell posted four winning seasons of his total eight as head coach, with an overall 50–37–2 record. He resigned following the 1989 season.
Nick Saban was head coach of the Rockets for one season, leading Toledo to a 9–2 record and a MAC co-championship in 1990. The two games the Rockets lost that season were by narrow margins: one point to Central Michigan, and four points to Navy.While at the helm of the Rockets, Saban turned down an application of Urban Meyer, who was looking for a job on his staff as an assistant coach.
Saban left Toledo after the 1990 season to become the NFL's Cleveland Browns defensive coordinator under Bill Belichick,and later head coaching positions at Michigan State (1995–1999), LSU (2000–2004), the NFL's Miami Dolphins (2005–2006) and Alabama.
Gary Pinkel came to Toledo from his post as offensive coordinator at Washington. .659) among UT coaches who led the program for at least four years.With an overall record of 73–37–3, he has the most wins in UT history. He also has the second best winning percentage (
Pinkel led the 1995 Rockets to an 11–0–1 record, a Las Vegas Bowl victory, and end of season rankings in the Top 25 of both the AP poll and Coaches poll. In 1997, Pinkel's Rockets took the first-ever MAC West title and appeared in the MAC Championship game. The Rockets finished the season 9–3, with a mid-season ranking high of 18 in the AP poll. They repeated as MAC West champions in the following 1998 season.
In Pinkel's final season in 2000, the Rockets went 10–1, including a 24–6 victory over the Penn State Nittany Lionsand a 25th-place ranking in the final regular season polls. Following that season, Pinkel took a head coaching position at Missouri. He's been inducted into four college football halls of fame: Toledo, Kent State (his alma mater), the Mid-American Conference, and the Missouri Hall of Fame (in two categories)
Known as "Toledo Tom", Tom Amstutz led the Rockets to some of the greatest successes, including two MAC Championships, four MAC West titles, and four bowl game appearances. A native of Toledo and former Rocket player himself, was promoted from defensive coordinator, a post he held under Saban and Pinkel, to the Rockets head coach after Pinkel's departure.
During his eight seasons as head coach, Amstutz led the Rockets to impressive victories over No. 9 Pittsburgh, Minnesota, Kansas, and Iowa State. Perhaps the greatest though was a 13–10 defeat in 2008 against the Michigan Wolverines in Ann Arbor.The Rockets are the first and only MAC football team to beat Michigan. Amstutz resigned as head coach following the 2008 season. His final record as head coach was 58–41, including victories at the 2001 Motor City Bowl and 2005 GMAC Bowl.
In December 2008, Toledo hired Oklahoma State defensive coordinator Tim Beckman as the new head coach for the Rockets.He revived the football program, leading the team through consecutive winning seasons with two bowl appearances and one MAC West Division co-championship. In 2011, the team earned an appearance in the Military Bowl. Beckman resigned at the end of the regular season before the bowl game to take on a head coaching position at the University of Illinois. His record at Toledo is 21–16.
Named interim head coach following Tim Beckman's departure for Illinois, Matt Campbell made his debut as the Rockets coach with a 42–41 victory over Air Force in the 2011 Military Bowl.At 32 years old, he was the youngest FBS coach at the time, and went on to enjoy four winning seasons and an overall record of 35–15. The team saw big victories along the way with a win over No. 18 Cincinnati in 2012 and a 2015 upset of No. 18 Arkansas in Little Rock, Toledo's first win over an SEC team. They also went on to a bowl victory over Arkansas State in the 2015 GoDaddy Bowl. Campbell resigned as head coach at the end of the 2015 regular season to accept a head coaching job at Iowa State.
Initially planning to following Matt Campbell to Iowa State for an assistant coaching position, Jason Candle changed course and quickly returned to Toledo after the Rockets offered him the head coaching position.Like his predecessor, his first game as head coach was a bowl victory, with the Rockets defeating No. 24 Temple in the 2015 Boca Raton Bowl.
In 2017, the Rockets defeated Western Michigan to become the outright MAC West Division champions for the first time since 1998, and their first trip to the MAC Championship since 2004.Toledo went on to defeat Akron 45–28 and win its first MAC Championship in 13 years.
In 2022, the Rockets defeated Ball State and Western Michigan lost to Northern Illinois to become the MAC West Division co-champions with Eastern Michigan. Toledo beat Eastern Michigan early in the season so the Rockets have the tie braker. Toledo went on to defeat Ohio 17–7 in the MAC Championship.
Toledo has been both independent and affiliated with multiple conferences. : 192
The Rockets have won 15 conference titles, with 12 of them being during their affiliation with the Mid-American Conference. : 195–204
|1923||Northwest Ohio League||Pat Dwyer||6–4||–|
|1927||Northwest Ohio League||Boni Petcoff||5–2||–|
|1929||Northwest Ohio League||Boni Petcoff||4–2–1||–|
|1967||Mid-American Conference||Frank Lauterbur||9–1||5–1|
|1969||Mid-American Conference||Frank Lauterbur||11–0||5–0|
|1970||Mid-American Conference||Frank Lauterbur||12–0||5–0|
|1971||Mid-American Conference||John Murphy||12–0||5–0|
|1981||Mid-American Conference||Chuck Stobart||9–3||8–1|
|1984||Mid-American Conference||Dan Simrell||8–3–1||7–1–1|
|1990||Mid-American Conference||Nick Saban||9–2||7–1|
|1995||Mid-American Conference||Gary Pinkel||11–0–1||7–0–1|
|2001||Mid-American Conference||Tom Amstutz||10–2||5–2|
|2004||Mid-American Conference||Tom Amstutz||9–4||7–1|
|2017||Mid-American Conference||Jason Candle||11–2||7–1|
|2022||Mid-American Conference||Jason Candle||8–5||5–3|
The Rockets have won 13 division titles.
|1997||MAC - West||Gary Pinkel||Marshall||L 14–34|
|1998||MAC - West||Gary Pinkel||Marshall||L 17–23|
|2000†||MAC - West||Gary Pinkel||N/A lost tiebreaker to Western Michigan|
|2001†||MAC - West||Tom Amstutz||Marshall||W 41–36|
|2002†||MAC - West||Tom Amstutz||Marshall||L 45–49|
|2004†||MAC - West||Tom Amstutz||Miami (OH)||W 35–27|
|2005†||MAC - West||Joe Novak||N/A lost tiebreaker to Northern Illinois|
|2011†||MAC - West||Tim Beckman||N/A lost tiebreaker to Northern Illinois|
|2014†||MAC - West||Matt Campbell||N/A lost tiebreaker to Northern Illinois|
|2015†||MAC - West||Matt Campbell||N/A lost tiebreaker to Northern Illinois|
|2017||MAC - West||Jason Candle||Akron||W 45–28|
|2022†||MAC - West||Jason Candle||Ohio||W 17–7|
|2023||MAC - West||Jason Candle||Miami (OH)||L 14–23|
Toledo has appeared in 20 NCAA-sanctioned post-season bowl games since 1969, and has a 11–9 record overall.
|Season||Date played||Bowl Game||Opponent||Result|
|1969||December 26, 1969||Tangerine Bowl||Davidson||W 56–33|
|1970||December 28, 1970||Tangerine Bowl||William & Mary||W 40–12|
|1971||December 28, 1971||Tangerine Bowl||Richmond||W 28–3|
|1981||December 19, 1981||California Bowl||San Jose State||W 27–25|
|1984||December 15, 1984||California Bowl||UNLV||L 13–30 *|
|1995||December 14, 1995||Las Vegas Bowl||Nevada||W 40–37OT|
|2001||December 29, 2001||Motor City Bowl||Cincinnati||W 32–16|
|2002||December 26, 2002||Motor City Bowl||Boston College||L 25–51|
|2004||December 27, 2004||Motor City Bowl||Connecticut||L 10–39|
|2005||December 21, 2005||GMAC Bowl||UTEP||W 45–13|
|2010||December 26, 2010||Little Caesars Pizza Bowl||FIU||L 32–34|
|2011||December 28, 2011||Military Bowl||Air Force||W 42–41|
|2012||December 15, 2012||Famous Idaho Potato Bowl||Utah State||L 15–41|
|2014||January 4, 2015||GoDaddy Bowl||Arkansas State||W 63–44|
|2015||December 22, 2015||Boca Raton Bowl||Temple||W 32–17|
|2016||December 17, 2016||Camellia Bowl||Appalachian State||L 28–31|
|2017||December 23, 2017||Dollar General Bowl||Appalachian State||L 0–34|
|2018||December 21, 2018||Bahamas Bowl||FIU||L 32–35|
|2021||December 17, 2021||Bahamas Bowl||Middle Tennessee||L 24–31|
|2022||December 20, 2022||Boca Raton Bowl||Liberty||W 21–19|
|2023||December 30, 2023||Arizona Bowl||Wyoming||TBD|
Other Football Facilities:
Toledo and Bowling Green have a rivalry, nicknamed "The Battle of I-75", dating back to 1924, when BGSU challenged the participation of Toledo's captain, Gilbert Stick, after it was discovered that Stick also played for a local team in Genoa, Ohio. Conference rules did not prohibit such play, and BGSU's protest was overruled.In 1950, Toledo's athletic director charged BGSU students a higher price for tickets at a basketball game than the general public, while rumors spread of a dog-napping attempt by BGSU against Toledo's mascot. Another incident came in 1951, when a fight broke out after a hard hit by a BGSU player on fullback Mel Triplett. Don Greenwood, then Toledo's coach, participated, and resigned after the university failed to back him up. In Greenwood's view, the officials should have called a penalty for excessive roughness, and he had a duty to protect his players.
Four players in the history of the University of Toledo have had their jersey numbers retired.
Announced schedules as of October 23, 2019.
|at Illinois||Duquesne||at Kentucky||at Michigan State||at Kentucky||Kentucky||at Tulsa|
|Texas Southern||UMass||Western Kentucky||San Diego State||at San Jose State|
|San Jose State||at Western Kentucky||Morgan State||Appalachian State|
|at UMass||at Maryland||at Appalachian State|
|at Mississippi State|
Donald Earl James was an American football player and coach. He served as the head coach at Kent State University from 1971 to 1974 and at the University of Washington from 1975 to 1992, compiling a career college football record of 178–76–3 (.698).
Gary Robin Pinkel is a former American college football coach. He served as the head football coach at the University of Toledo from 1991 to 2000 and the University of Missouri from 2001 to 2015, compiling career record of 191–110–3. Pinkel has the most wins of any head coach in the history of the Toledo Rockets football program and led the 1995 team to a Mid-American Conference championship. He also holds the record for most wins by a head coach of the Missouri Tigers football program.
Charles "Chuck" Ealey is a former American Canadian football player for the Hamilton Tiger-Cats, Winnipeg Blue Bombers and Toronto Argonauts of the Canadian Football League. He became the first black quarterback to win the Grey Cup when he led Hamilton to the title in 1972. Ealey played college football at the University of Toledo and high school football for Notre Dame High School in Portsmouth, Ohio. He finished both his high school and collegiate careers without a single loss, and was named to several All-American teams as a senior at Toledo.
Francis Xavier Lauterbur was an American football player and coach. He served as the head coach at the University of Toledo from 1963 to 1970 and at the University of Iowa from 1971 to 1973, compiling a career college football record of 52–60–3. Lauterbur was also an assistant coach in the National Football League (NFL).
The Western Michigan Broncos football program represents Western Michigan University in the Football Bowl Subdivision of Division I and the Mid-American Conference (MAC). Western Michigan has competed in football since 1906, when they played three games in their inaugural season. In 1927, WMU joined four other schools to form the Michigan Collegiate Conference. Western Michigan then moved to its present conference in 1948. Prior to 1939, Western Michigan's athletic teams were known as the Hilltoppers.
Charles R. Stobart was an American college football player and coach. He played as a quarterback at Ohio University in the 1950s. He was a football coach at various schools for 42 years from 1959 to 2000, including 36 consecutive seasons as a coach at Division I collegiate programs.
The Bowling Green Falcons football program is the intercollegiate football team of Bowling Green State University. The team is a member of the NCAA, playing at the Division I Football Bowl Subdivision, formerly Division I-A, level; BGSU football competes within the Mid-American Conference in the East Division. The Falcons have played their home games in Doyt Perry Stadium since 1966. The stadium holds 24,000 spectators. In their 93-year history, the Falcons have won 12 MAC championships and a College Division national championship – as voted by the UPI in 1959. The head coach is Scot Loeffler.
The 2007 Kansas Jayhawks football team represented the University of Kansas in the 2007 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The Jayhawks, coached by Mark Mangino in his sixth year with the program, finished the season 12–1 overall, a school record for wins, and 7–1 in Big 12 conference play. They defeated Virginia Tech in the 2008 Orange Bowl, the Jayhawks first and only BCS bowl victory. They finished the season ranked No. 7 in both major polls.
The 2009 Bowling Green Falcons football team represented Bowling Green State University during the 2009 NCAA Division I FBS football season. They were led by first-year head coach Dave Clawson and played in the East Division of the Mid-American Conference. They played their home games at Doyt Perry Stadium. They finished the season 7–6, 6–2 in MAC play to finish in third place in the East Division. They were invited to the Humanitarian Bowl where they lost to Idaho.
The 2011 Toledo Rockets football team represented the University of Toledo during the 2011 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The Rockets were led by third-year head coach Tim Beckman during the regular season and new head coach Matt Campbell for their bowl game. They competed in the West Division of the Mid-American Conference and played their home games at the Glass Bowl. They finished the season 9–4, 7–1 in MAC play to be West Division co–champions with Northern Illinois. Due to their loss to Northern Illinois, they did not represent the division in the MAC Championship Game. They were invited to the Military Bowl where they defeated Air Force 42–41.
The 2008 Toledo Rockets football team represented the University of Toledo during the 2008 NCAA Division I FBS football season. Toledo competed as a member of the West Division of the Mid-American Conference (MAC). The Rockets were led by Tom Amstutz in his eighth and final year as head coach.
The 1990 Toledo Rockets football team represented the University of Toledo during the 1990 NCAA Division I-A football season. The Rockets were led by first-year head coach Nick Saban, and competed as a member of the Mid-American Conference (MAC). They finished the season with a record of nine wins and two losses and as MAC co–champions with Central Michigan.
The 1972 Tangerine Bowl, part of the 1972 bowl game season, took place on December 29, 1972, at the Tangerine Bowl stadium in Orlando, Florida. The competing teams were the Tampa Spartans, that competed as a College Division Independent, and the Kent State Golden Flashes, that competed as a member of the Mid-American Conference (MAC). In the game, Tampa took a 21–0 halftime lead, and then held off a Golden Flashes comeback to win 21–18.
The 1969 Toledo Rockets football team was an American football team that represented the University of Toledo in the Mid-American Conference (MAC) during the 1969 NCAA University Division football season. In their seventh season under head coach Frank Lauterbur, the Rockets compiled an 11–0 record, outscored all opponents by a combined total of 385 to 160, and won the MAC championship. The season began with a 45–18 victory over Villanova and concluded with a 56–33 victory over Southern Conference champion Davidson in the 1969 Tangerine Bowl. The Rockets were ranked No. 20 in the final AP Poll taken before bowl games. The defense led the way for the 1969 team, allowing only eight rushing touchdowns and intercepting 22 passes in eleven games.
The 1970 Toledo Rockets football team was an American football team that represented the University of Toledo in the Mid-American Conference (MAC) during the 1970 NCAA University Division football season. In their eighth and final season under head coach Frank Lauterbur, the Rockets compiled a 12–0 record, outscored all opponents by a combined total of 384 to 88, and won the MAC championship. The season ended with a 40–12 victory over Southern Conference champion William & Mary in the 1970 Tangerine Bowl. The Rockets were ranked No. 12 in the final AP Poll and No. 17 in the final UPI Poll. After the Tangerine Bowl, William & Mary head coach Lou Holtz said, "Toledo can play football with anyone – that includes teams like Ohio State and Texas."
The 1971 Toledo Rockets football team was an American football team that represented the University of Toledo in the Mid-American Conference (MAC) during the 1971 NCAA University Division football season. In their first season under head coach Jack Murphy, the Rockets compiled a 12–0 record, outscored all opponents by a combined total of 383 to 96, and won the Mid-American Conference (MAC) championship. The season ended with a 28–3 victory over Southern Conference champion Richmond in the 1970 Tangerine Bowl. The Rockets were ranked No. 14 in the final AP Poll and No. 13 in the final UPI Poll.
The 1995 Toledo Rockets football team was an American football team that represented the University of Toledo in the Mid-American Conference (MAC) during the 1995 NCAA Division I-A football season. In their fifth season under head coach Gary Pinkel, the Rockets compiled an 11–0–1 record, won the MAC championship, outscored all opponents by a combined total of 411 to 264, and defeated Nevada in the first ever overtime game in Division I-A football in the Las Vegas Bowl, 40–37.
The 1963 Toledo Rockets football team was an American football team that represented Toledo University in the Mid-American Conference (MAC) during the 1963 NCAA University Division football season. In their first season under head coach Frank Lauterbur, the Rockets compiled a 2–7 record, finished in seventh place in the MAC, and were outscored by all opponents by a combined total of 176 to 118.
Matthew Charles Eberflus is an American football coach who is the head coach for the Chicago Bears of the National Football League (NFL). He previously served as the defensive coordinator for the Indianapolis Colts from 2018 to 2021. He previously worked as the linebacker coach for the Cleveland Browns and Dallas Cowboys, and has coached at Toledo and Missouri.