|Classes||450SX, 250SX East, 250SX West, KTM Junior|
|Constructors||Honda • Husqvarna · Kawasaki · KTM · Suzuki · Yamaha|
|Teams' champion||Rockstar Energy Husqvarna|
|Official website|| www|
The AMA Supercross Championship is an American motorcycle racing series. Founded by the American Motorcyclist Association (AMA) in 1974, the AMA Supercross Championship races are held from January through early May. Supercross is a variant of motocross which involves off-road motorcycles on a constructed dirt track consisting of steep jumps and obstacles; the tracks are usually constructed inside a sports stadium. The easy accessibility and comfort of these stadium venues helped supercross surpass off-road motocross as a spectator attraction in the United States by the late 1970s.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Motorcycle sport is a broad field that encompasses all sporting aspects of motorcycling. The disciplines are not all races or timed-speed events, as several disciplines test a competitor's various riding skills.
The American Motorcyclist Association (AMA) is an American nonprofit organization of more than 200,000 motorcyclists that organizes numerous motorcycling activities and campaigns for motorcyclists' legal rights. Its mission statement is "to promote the motorcycling lifestyle and protect the future of motorcycling." The organization was founded in 1924 and as of October 2016 had more than 1,100 chartered clubs.
The first motocross race held on a race track inside a stadium took place on August 28, 1948, at Buffalo Stadium in the Paris suburb of Montrouge.As the popularity of motocross surged in the United States in the late 1960s, Bill France added a professional motocross race to the 1971 Daytona Beach Bike Week schedule. The 1972 race was held at Daytona International Speedway on an constructed track on the grass surface between the main grandstand and the pit lane. Jimmy Weinert won the 250 class and Mark Blackwell was the winner of the 500 class.
A race track is a facility built for racing of vehicles, athletes, or animals. A race track also may feature grandstands or concourses. Racetracks are also used in the study of animal locomotion. Some motorsport tracks are called speedways.
The Vélodrome Buffalo and Stade Buffalo were cycling tracks in Paris. The first existed from 1893 until World War I, the second from 1922 until 1957.
Daytona Beach Bike Week, also called Daytona Bike Week, is a motorcycle event and rally held annually in Daytona Beach, Florida. Approximately 500,000 people make their way to the rally area for the 10-day event. The festivities include motorcycle racing, concerts, parties, and street festivals. The event is usually held on the first full week of March and contends with the Sturgis Motorcycle Rally as the most popular motorcycle rally in the United States.
The event that paved the way for constructed, stadium-based motocross events was a 1972 race held in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, promoted by Mike Goodwin and Terry Tiernan, then-president of the AMA, and won by 16-year-old Marty Tripes.It was billed as the "Super Bowl of Motocross" which led to the coining of the term "Supercross." The Super Bowl of Motocross II held the following year was an even greater success and, eventually evolved into the AMA Supercross championship held in stadiums across the United States and Canada.
The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum is an American outdoor sports stadium located in the Exposition Park neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, United States. The stadium serves as the home to the University of Southern California (USC) Trojans football team of the Pac-12 Conference. It is also the temporary home of the Los Angeles Rams of the National Football League (NFL). The Coliseum was home to the Rams from 1946 to 1979, when they moved to Anaheim Stadium in Anaheim. The Coliseum is serving as their home stadium again until the completion of Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park in Inglewood. The facility had a permanent seating capacity of 93,607 for USC football and Rams games, making it the largest football stadium in the Pac-12 Conference and the NFL. USC, which operates and manages the Coliseum, began a major renovation of the stadium in early 2018. During the renovation project the seating capacity will be 78,467. Once USC completes the renovation in 2019, the seating capacity will be 77,500.
Marty Tripes is an American former professional motocross racer. He was one of the leading American motocross and supercross racers during the 1970s. Tripes rose to national prominence in 1972 as a teenage prodigy when, he defeated some of the best riders in the world to win the first-ever stadium supercross race in the United States.
Motocross and Supercross eventually diverged into different forms of racing, with the latter displacing the Grand Prix world championship as the premier off-road motorcycle racing series.
FIM Motocross World Championship is the premier championship of motocross racing, organized by the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM), currently divided into two distinct classes: MX1 and MX2. Race duration is 30 minutes plus 2 laps per moto. The series runs 18 events with two motos at each round.
Originally, each of the AMA Supercross races were promoted by different companies, most notably Mike Goodwin in the West, Pace Motorsports in the Midwest and Southwest, and Super Sports in the East. In the 1980s, Mickey Thompson (MTEG) partnered Goodwin, then took over the West region. In the 1990s, MTEG went bankrupt and Super Sports sold its business to Pace, which became the single AMA Supercross promoter. In 1998, Pace was bought by SFX Entertainment, which was bought in turn by Clear Channel in 2000. The live events division of Clear Channel was split off as Live Nation in 2005, and the motorsports division was sold to Feld Entertainment in 2008, which currently promotes the championship.
Marion Lee "Mickey" Thompson was an American auto racing builder and promoter.
The Mickey Thompson Entertainment Group (MTEG) was a sanctioning body for an American short course off road racing series that took place inside stadiums. Some events were televised, including on TNN and ESPN.
Live Nation is an American events promoter and venue operator based in Beverly Hills, California. Formed in 1996 by Robert F. X. Sillerman as SFX Entertainment, the company's business was built around consolidating concert promoters into a national company. In 2000, the company was sold to Clear Channel Communications for $4.4 billion, and operated as Clear Channel Entertainment until 2005, when it was spun off as Live Nation.
While growing consistently since the '70s, in the early part of the 21st Century Supercross' popularity really took off.In the United States, Supercross races today are now some of the most popular races regularly held.
The American Motorcyclist Association awards three Supercross Championships each year. They are the 450cc (was known as 250cc two-stroke), and both an East and West division on the 250cc (was 125cc two-stroke). Supercross racing classifications are governed by the displacement of the motorcycle's engine. They were based on two-stroke engines until 2006, when four-stroke engines replaced two-stroke engines. From 2007 until 2012, a formula nomenclature similar to IndyCar was used, with the 450cc class known as Supercross and 250cc as Supercross Lites. Starting in 2013, the AMA and Feld Motor Sports returned to the traditional nomenclature, based on four-stroke engines: 450cc (known as "MX1" in Europe), and 250cc (also known as "MX2"). The 450cc Champion has always been generally considered to be the most prestigious.
Since 2011, the final race of the season, known as the Monster Energy Cup for sponsorship reasons, is held at Sam Boyd Stadium in Las Vegas. A US $1 million purse is available to the rider who wins all three featured races. Ryan Villopoto won the purse at the inaugural event in 2011, as did Marvin Musquin in the 2017 edition,and Eli Tomac in the 2018 race.
The AMA series begins in early January and continues until early-May. It consists of 17 rounds in the 450cc Class, and 9 rounds in 250cc West Class and 9 rounds in the 250cc East Class, which the twelfth round at Indianapolis in April and the final round at Las Vegas in May have an East-West Shootout, and 14 major stadiums and one permanent racing circuit (in a temporary stadium setup) from all over North America.
Each meet is structured similarly to Short track motor racing with two heat races and a consolation race in each class. In both classes, each heat race is five minutes plus one lap. Each heat features 20 riders (one may have 21 riders depending on qualifying results), with the top nine advancing to the feature. The other 22-23 riders are relegated to the consolation race, known as the Last Chance Qualifier, which is three minutes plus one lap, with the top four advancing to the final.
In the 450cc class, the highest placed competitor in points, provided he is in the top ten in national points, and has yet to qualify after either heat race or consolation race, will receive a provisional for the feature race. The feature race is 15 minutes plus one lap in the 250cc class, and 20 minutes plus one lap for the 450cc class, with 25 championship points for the race win. At three races in 2018 (the second Anaheim, and also the Minneapolis and Atlanta rounds), a three-heat format will be used (six, ten, and twelve minutes for 250cc, eight, twelve, and fifteen minutes for 450cc), and rules similar to the Monster Energy Cup individual heat scoring will determine the overall race winner.
For the season-ending East-West Shootout at Las Vegas for the 250cc class starting in May 2011, each region's top 20 will race in the non-championship event for a 15-minute heat race. Standard rules apply, with the feature race being 10 laps. In 2016, the East-West Shootout became a points-paying round where both regions' champions would be decided in the same feature. Starting in 2018, the combined East-West Shootout will also be held in the middle of the season, at the Indianapolis round.
Ever since the 2018 supercross season there has been 3 “Triple Crown” events every season. A triple crown event format is when instead of one 20 minute main event the riders are forced to race 3 shooter length races almost back to back to back. At the end of each race the riders are give a point for each position and the rider with the least amount of points at the end of the night wins the event. Over the year the person who places the best over all of the main events will win the “triple crown cup” a trophy showing you skill in the triple crown format. The first winner of this event was Eli Tomac in 2018.
Starting with the 2012 Season, riders who are in first place in the Series' Points Lead will use the red plate to race in the Series.
If at any point during the Heat Races, LCQs or the Feature Races, that the race is red-flagged within less than 3 laps, the race will be a complete restart. However, if the race is red-flagged with more than 3 laps completed but less than 90% of the total race distance and after a minimum of a 10-minute delay, the race will be a staggered restart with riders lined up from the previous lap they went.
Supercross tracks feature a combination of obstacles such as whoop sections (where riders skim along the tops of multiple bumps), rhythm sections (irregular series of jumps with a variety of combination options), and triple jumps (three jumps in a row that riders normally clear in a single leap of 70 feet or more). Many of the turns have banked berms, but some are flat. It takes roughly five hundred truckloads of dirt to make up a supercross track. Soil conditions can be hard-packed, soft, muddy, sandy, rutted, or any combination thereof.
Merged with World Supercross Championship in 2008.
(formerly 250 cc 2-stroke)
|250cc West |
(formerly 125 cc 2-stroke West)
|250cc East |
(formerly 125 cc 2-stroke East)
|1976||500 cc Winner|
|450/250 Class||Wins||250/125 Class||Wins||Combined||Wins|
250/125 Class is a divisional championship featuring 2 regional champions per year
|450/250 Class||Titles||250/125 Class||Titles|
1993 Jeremy McGrath won the Supercross title in his rookie season.
In 2010, Ryan Dungey became the only rider to capture both the Supercross and Motocross titles in his rookie year.
|2019 Series Schedule|
State Farm Stadium
Oakland Alameda Coliseum
US Bank Stadium
Daytona International Speedway
Lucas Oil Stadium
Broncos Stadium at Mile High
Las VegasSam Boyd Stadium
|Angel Stadium||Anaheim||California||1976–1979, 1981–1987, |
|CenturyLink Field||Seattle||Washington||2005–2014, 2017–present||Football|
|Daytona International Speedway||Daytona Beach||Florida||1971–present||Racetrack|
|Ford Field||Detroit||Michigan||2006–2008, 2014–2017, 2019-present||Football|
|Lucas Oil Stadium||Indianapolis||Indiana||2009–present||Football|
|MetLife Stadium||East Rutherford||New Jersey||2014–2017, 2019-present||Football|
|Broncos Stadium at Mile High||Denver||Colorado||2019-present||Football|
|NRG Stadium||Houston||Texas||2003–2015, 2018–present||Football|
|Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum||Oakland||California||1979–1980, 1984, 2011–present||Baseball / football|
|Petco Park||San Diego||California||2015–present||Baseball|
|Sam Boyd Stadium||Las Vegas||Nevada||1990–1995, 1997–present||Football|
|State Farm Stadium||Glendale||Arizona||2016–present||Football|
|U.S. Bank Stadium||Minneapolis||Minnesota||2017–present||Football|
|Astrodome||Houston||Texas||1974–2002||Baseball / football|
|AT&T Park||San Francisco||California||2003–2010||Baseball|
|Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium||Atlanta||Georgia||1977–1986, 1989–1992||Baseball / football|
|Charlotte Motor Speedway||Charlotte||North Carolina||1996–1998||Racetrack|
|Camping World Stadium||Orlando||Florida||1983–1985, 1991–1997, 2005–2007||Football|
|Dodger Stadium||Los Angeles||California||2011–2012||Baseball|
|The Dome at America's Center||St. Louis||Missouri||1996–2018||Football|
|Gillette Stadium||Foxborough||Massachusetts||2016, 2018||Football|
|Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome||Minneapolis||Minnesota||1994–2004, 2008, 2013||Baseball / football|
|Jacksonville Municipal Stadium||Jacksonville||Florida||2009–2011||Football|
|Kingdome||Seattle||Washington||1978–1999||Baseball / football|
|Levi's Stadium||Santa Clara||California||2015–2016||Football|
|Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum||Los Angeles||California||1972–1979, 1981–1982, |
|Mile High Stadium||Denver||Colorado||1996||Football|
|Mercedes-Benz Superdome||New Orleans||Louisiana||1977–1980, 1998–2002, 2009, 2012||Football|
|Qualcomm Stadium||San Diego||California||1980–1982, 1985–1987, |
|Baseball / football|
|Raymond James Stadium||Tampa||Florida||1999, 2018||Football|
|Rice-Eccles Stadium||Salt Lake City||Utah||2001–2004, 2009–2013, 2017–2018||Football|
|Rogers Centre||Toronto||Ontario||2008–2014, 2016–2017||Baseball / football|
|Route 66 Raceway||Joliet||Illinois||2000||Racetrack|
|Pontiac Silverdome||Pontiac||Michigan||1976–1984, 1986–2005||Football|
|Spartan Stadium||San Jose||California||1990–1995||Football|
|Sun Devil Stadium||Phoenix||Arizona||1986–1987, 1991, 1997–1998||Football|
|Tampa Stadium||Tampa||Florida||1987–1990, 1992–1994, 1996, 1998||Football|
|Texas Stadium||Irving||Texas||1975–1977, 1985–1989, 1991–2008||Football|
|Three Rivers Stadium||Pittsburgh||Pennsylvania||1978, 1983||Baseball / football|
|Arrowhead Stadium||Kansas City||Missouri||1980–1983||Football|
|John F. Kennedy Stadium||Philadelphia||Pennsylvania||1980||Football|
|Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium||Washington, D.C.||1983||Baseball / football|
|Foxboro Stadium||Foxborough||Massachusetts||1983–1984, 1990||Football|
|Rose Bowl||Pasadena||California||1983–1985, 1990, 1993||Football|
|New Era Field||Orchard Park||New York||1984||Football|
|Miami Orange Bowl||Miami||Florida||1987, 1989||Football|
|Giants Stadium||East Rutherford||New Jersey||1987–1991||Football|
|State Fair Speedway||Oklahoma City||Oklahoma||1989–1991||Racetrack|
|American Legion Memorial Stadium||Charlotte||North Carolina||1990–1995||Football|
|Tropicana Field||St. Petersburg||Florida||1991||Baseball / Football|
|Cleveland Stadium||Cleveland||Ohio||1995||Baseball / football|
|Cotton Bowl||Dallas||Texas||1983–1984, 1990||Football|
Conceived in 2003; merged with AMA series prior to the 2008 season.
|2009||James Stewart, Jr.|
|2007||James Stewart, Jr.|
|2006||James Stewart, Jr.|
Jeremy McGrath is one of the most popular American Motocross/Supercross champions in the history of the sport, racking up 7 Supercross championships. He was most active in the 1990s earning the title the "King of Supercross." McGrath didn't start riding motocross until the age of 14 because he spent his younger years riding BMX. That experience helped him revolutionize the way supercross was ridden, employing a technique he learned in BMX allowing him to stay a foot or two lower over jumps by coming in with more speed then soaking up the landing into his body similar to the way you ride BMX. One of his BMX "tricks" during jumps on the supercross track, the most famous of which he called the "Nac Nac", helped spawn the sport of freestyle motocross. McGrath won the AMA Pro Athlete of the Year Award in 1996. Still competitive in Motorcycle racing, he has tried his hand in many types of motorcycle competition. Lately he has expanded into off-road trucks in the Pro 2WD division of the LOORS Series and occasionally tries his hand at stock car racing. McGrath lives in Southern California with his wife Kim and daughters Rhowan and Bergen. McGrath has the privilege of being the first rookie ever to win the AMA 250cc Supercross Championship, in 1993.
James Stewart Jr., also known as Bubba Stewart, is an American professional motocross racer who competed in supercross riding the No. 7. Through his years of racing, he earned the nickname “The Fastest Man on The Planet”, due to his extraordinary talent, speed, athleticism and innovation. James is also known for innovating the "bubba scrub" or just "scrub", which revolutionized the sport and became a fundamental skill needed to compete in Professional Motocross. In 2008 he won every race and every moto of the AMA Motocross season. The only other person to do this is Ricky Carmichael. James is #2 in all time 450 Supercross wins(50), and #2 all time in Pro AMA wins(98). He was the first to bring major outside sponsorship to the sport (Nike), and the first to host his own television show "Bubba's World" which brought even more attention to the sport. He is arguably the most financially lucrative racer, bringing in endorsement deals paying him over $10M a year throughout his career. Known for his vibrant personality and big smile, James has been featured in news outlets like Rolling Stone, The New York Times, Maxim, ESPN The Magazine, GQ and many more. Additionally, Teen People named him one of “20 Teens Who Will Change the World”. He has the record for best rookie season, having won 10/12 Motocross races in 2002. James has 5 FIM World Champion titles from Motocross of Nations, and World Supercross. 4 AMA Supercross Champion titles, and 3 AMA Motocross Champion titles. He won the Redbull Straight Rhythm in both 2014 and 2015. He's a Motocross legend who battled the greats of multiple era's.
Ricky Carmichael is a former motocross racer known for his success in motocross in the early 2000s, having won the AMA Motocross Championship 450cc class seven times and the AMA Supercross Championship 450cc class five times. His unrivaled successes in the sport of motocross have given him the nickname "The GOAT"; standing for Greatest of All Time.
Chad Mark Reed AM is an Australian motocross and supercross racer. He is a multi-time supercross and motocross champion and the record holder for most Main Event starts in Supercross history, with 228 starts as of 2018, with his career spanning almost 20 years. He was taught from a young age as being capable of competing at the sports most elite level. He has proven to be the most consistent supercross/motocross racer in the 2000-2009 decade, and has grown to be one of the sports most loved individuals, due to his years of experience and dedication to his sport. He has since ascended the international ranks of the sport to become Australia's most successful motocross racer.
Jeffrey "Jeff" Ward is a British-American former professional motocross racer, auto racing driver and off-road racer. He won the AMA Motocross Championship five times and the AMA Supercross Championship twice and the Motocross des Nations seven times. After retiring from motorcycle competition, Ward turned to auto racing, finishing in second place at the Indianapolis 500 and winning a race at the Texas Motor Speedway. He then competed in off-road truck racing and is currently competing in rallycross racing. Ward was inducted into the Motorcycle Hall of Fame in 1999 and, was inducted into the Motorsports Hall of Fame of America on 12 August 2006.
Enduro is a form of motorcycle sport run on extended cross-country, off-road courses. Enduro consists of many different obstacles and challenges. The main type of enduro event, and the format to which the World Enduro Championship is run, is a time-card enduro, whereby a number of stages are raced in a time trial against the clock.
Kevin Windham, is an American former professional motocross racer. At 17 he received a full factory ride from Team Yamaha. He has raced for many factory teams and holds several titles, back to back AMA 125 West Supercross Championships in 1996 and 1997, the 2005 Motocross des Nations team championship, and 2nd in points for the 2008 supercross season. In 1999 Windham won the United States Grand Prix of Motocross held at Budd's Creek, Maryland. Despite his longtime status as one of the world's fastest motocross racers, he is yet to win a major National or World Championship. He is better known by the nickname K-Dub on the racing scene. He announced his retirement from racing at the third round of the 2013 Supercross season.
Robert Gregory Hannah is an American former professional motocross racer. He was one of the most successful motocross racers in AMA history, with 70 AMA national championship race victories and 7 motocross national championships.
Ben Townley is a professional motocross rider originating from Taupo, New Zealand.
David Vuillemin is a French professional motocross rider.
Ryan Villopoto is a former American professional motorcycle racer who competed in the AMA Supercross and Outdoor Motocross and MXGP championships. Villopoto competed in the AMA Supercross series and the AMA Lucas Oil Motocross series.
The AMA Motocross Championship is an American motorcycle racing series. The motocross race series was founded and sanctioned by the American Motorcyclist Association (AMA) in 1972. The series is the major outdoor motocross series in the United States and is managed by MX Sports Pro Racing.
Ryan Dungey is a former professional motorcycle racer who raced in the AMA Supercross and Outdoor Motocross championships. A four-time supercross and three-time motocross champion, he retired after the 2017 supercross season.
Husqvarna Motorcycles GmbH designs, engineers, manufactures and distributes motocross, enduro, supermoto and street motorcycles.
Malcolm Jamar Stewart is an American professional motocross racer competing in the AMA Supercross and Motocross championships since 2011.
Ken Roczen is a German born professional motocross and supercross racer currently competing in the AMA Professional Motocross and Supercross series. He is an MX2-class Motocross World Champion, Motocross des Nations winner, 250-class west coast Supercross champion, 450-class Monster Energy cup winner, and two time 450-class US Motocross champion.
Eli Tomac is an American professional motocross racer competing in the AMA Supercross and Motocross championships.
Jason “El Hombre” Anderson is an American professional motocross racer competing in the AMA Supercross and Motocross championships since 2011. He is the 2018 AMA Supercross and FIM World Champion, the 21st winner of the Supercross title.