Cotton Bowl (stadium)

Last updated
Cotton Bowl Stadium
"The House That Doak Built"
Fair Park August 2016 40 (Cotton Bowl Stadium).jpg
West grandstand main entrance in 2016
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Cotton Bowl Stadium
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Cotton Bowl Stadium
Former namesFair Park Stadium
(1930–1936)
Address1300 Robert B. Cullum Blvd.
Location Dallas, Texas
Coordinates 32°46′47″N96°45′35″W / 32.77972°N 96.75972°W / 32.77972; -96.75972 Coordinates: 32°46′47″N96°45′35″W / 32.77972°N 96.75972°W / 32.77972; -96.75972
Owner City of Dallas / Office of Cultural Affairs Public Art Program / Dallas Parks and Recreation Department [1]
Capacity 92,100 [2]
Record attendance96,009 [3]
SurfaceNatural grass (19301969, since 1994)
AstroTurf (1970–1993)
Construction
Broke ground1930 [4]
Opened1930, 89 years ago
Renovated1936, 1968, 1993, 2008
Expanded1948–1949, 1993, 2008
Construction costUS$328,200
($4.92 million in 2018 dollars [5] )
Architect Mark Lemmon, 1930
George Dahl, 1936
Hellmuth, Obata & Kassabaum, 1993
Structural engineerChappell, Stokes & Brenneke, 1948-1949
Tenants
College football

SMU Mustangs (1932–1978, 1995–1999)
Red River Showdown (1912, 1914-1921, 1924-present)
Cotton Bowl Classic (1937–2009)
First Responder Bowl (2011–present)
State Fair Classic (1925–present)

Contents

Professional football

Dallas Texans (NFL) (1952)
Dallas Texans (AFL) (1960–1962)
Dallas Cowboys (NFL) (1960–1971)
Dallas Desire (LFL) (2010)

Soccer

Dallas Tornado (NASL) (1967–1968)
Dallas Burn/FC Dallas (MLS) (1996–2002, 2004–2005)

Hockey
2020 NHL Winter Classic
Website
Official website
The Cotton Bowl
Architectural style Art Deco
Part of Texas Centennial Exposition Buildings (1936-1937) (#86003488 [6] )
TSAL # 8200000209
DLMKHD # H/33 (Fair Park)
Significant dates
Designated CPSeptember 24, 1986
Designated TSALJanuary 1, 1984
Designated DLMKHDMarch 4, 1987 [7]

Cotton Bowl Stadium is an outdoor stadium in Dallas, Texas, United States, opening in 1930 at the site of the State Fair of Texas. Concerts or other events using a stage allow the playing field to be used for additional spectators.

Stadium place or venue for (mostly) outdoor sports, concerts, or other events

A stadium is a place or venue for (mostly) outdoor sports, concerts, or other events and consists of a field or stage either partly or completely surrounded by a tiered structure designed to allow spectators to stand or sit and view the event.

Dallas City in Texas, United States

Dallas is a city in the U.S. state of Texas. With an estimated 2017 population of 1,341,075, it is the ninth most-populous city in the U.S. and third in Texas after Houston and San Antonio. Dallas is the main core of the largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States and the largest inland metropolitan area in the U.S. that lacks any navigable link to the sea. It is the most populous city in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in the country at 7.3 million people as of 2017. Dallas is the seat of Dallas County. Sections of the city extend into Collin, Denton, Kaufman, and Rockwall counties.

State Fair of Texas

The State Fair of Texas is an annual state fair held in Dallas at historic Fair Park. The fair has taken place every year since 1886 except for varying periods during World War I and World War II. It usually begins the last Friday in September and ends 24 days later. While an annual attendance of over 2 million, it is consistently recognized as one of the most highly attended and best state fairs in America as well as Dallas's signature event.

The Cotton Bowl was the longtime home of the annual college football post-season bowl game known as the Cotton Bowl Classic, for which the stadium is named. Starting on New Year's Day 1937, it hosted the first 73 editions of the game, through January 2009; the game was moved to AT&T Stadium in Arlington in January 2010. The stadium also hosts the Red River Showdown, the annual college football game between the Oklahoma Sooners and the Texas Longhorns, and the Heart of Dallas Bowl.

College football collegiate rules version of American/Canadian football, played by student-athletes of American/Canadian colleges and universities

College football is American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities, colleges, and military academies, or Canadian football played by teams of student athletes fielded by Canadian universities. It was through college football play that American football rules first gained popularity in the United States.

Bowl game post-season game in American college football

In North America, a bowl game is one of a number of post-season college football games that are primarily played by teams belonging to the NCAA's Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS). For most of its history, the Division I Bowl Subdivision had avoided using a playoff tournament to determine an annual national champion, which was instead traditionally determined by a vote of sports writers and other non-players. In place of such a playoff, various cities across the United States developed their own regional festivals featuring post-season college football games. Prior to 2002, bowl game statistics were not included in players' career totals and the games were mostly considered to be exhibition games involving a payout to participating teams. Despite attempts to establish a permanent system to determine the FBS national champion on the field, various bowl games continue to be held because of the vested economic interests entrenched in them.

Cotton Bowl Classic American college football tournament

The Cotton Bowl Classic, also simply known as the Cotton Bowl, is an American college football bowl game that has been held annually in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex since January 1, 1937. The game was originally played at its namesake stadium in Dallas before moving to AT&T Stadium in nearby Arlington in 2010. Since 2014, the game has been sponsored by the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company and officially known as the Goodyear Cotton Bowl Classic. It has been previously sponsored by Southwestern Bell Corporation/SBC Communications/AT&T (1997–2014) and Mobil (1989–1995)

The stadium has been home to many football teams over the years, including: SMU Mustangs (NCAA), Dallas Cowboys (NFL; 1960–1971), Dallas Texans (NFL) (1952), Dallas Texans (AFL; 19601962), and soccer teams, the Dallas Tornado (NASL; 19671968), and FC Dallas (the Dallas Burn 1996-2004, FC Dallas 2005) (Major League Soccer; 19962002, 20042005). It was also one of the nine venues used for the 1994 FIFA World Cup.

SMU Mustangs football

The SMU Mustangs football program is a college football team that represents Southern Methodist University. The team competes in the NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) as a member of the American Athletic Conference.

Dallas Cowboys National Football League franchise in Arlington, Texas

The Dallas Cowboys are a professional American football team based in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. The Cowboys compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's National Football Conference (NFC) East division. The team is headquartered in Frisco, Texas, and plays its home games at AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas, which opened for the 2009 season. The stadium took its current name prior to the 2013 season. The Cowboys joined the NFL as an expansion team in 1960. The team's national following might best be represented by its NFL record of consecutive sell-outs. The Cowboys' streak of 190 consecutive sold-out regular and post-season games began in 2002. The franchise has made it to the Super Bowl eight times, tied with the Pittsburgh Steelers and the Denver Broncos for second most Super Bowl appearances in history, just behind the New England Patriots record eleven Super Bowl appearances. This has also corresponded to eight NFC championships, most in the NFC. The Cowboys have won five of those Super Bowl appearances, tying them with their NFC rivals, the San Francisco 49ers; both are second to Pittsburgh's and New England’s record six Super Bowl championships. The Cowboys are the only NFL team to record 20 straight winning seasons (1966–85), in which they missed the playoffs only twice.

National Football League Professional American football league

The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC). The NFL is one of the four major professional sports leagues in North America, and the highest professional level of American football in the world. The NFL's 17-week regular season runs from early September to late December, with each team playing 16 games and having one bye week. Following the conclusion of the regular season, six teams from each conference advance to the playoffs, a single-elimination tournament culminating in the Super Bowl, which is usually held in the first Sunday in February, and is played between the champions of the NFC and AFC.

It became known as "The House That Doak Built", due to the immense crowds that SMU running back Doak Walker drew to the stadium during his college career in the late 1940s. [8]

Doak Walker American basketball player

Ewell Doak Walker II was an American football player. He played college football as a halfback at Southern Methodist University (SMU), where he won the Heisman Trophy in 1948. Walker then played professionally in the National Football League (NFL) with the Detroit Lions for six seasons, from 1950 to 1955.

In their seventh season, the Cowboys hosted the Green Bay Packers for the NFL championship at the Cotton Bowl on January 1, 1967. [9] [10] The college bowl game that year included SMU and was played the day before, New Year's Eve, which required a quick turnaround to transform the field. [11] The two games were filled to the 75,504 capacity, but both local teams came up short.

The 1966 Dallas Cowboys season was the seventh for the franchise in the National Football League. The Cowboys finished the regular season at 10–3–1, their first winning record as a franchise and first Eastern Conference title. They hosted the NFL Championship Game at the Cotton Bowl, but lost to the defending champion Green Bay Packers, who went on to win the first Super Bowl two weeks later.

1966 Green Bay Packers season

The 1966 Green Bay Packers season was their 48th season overall and their 46th in the National Football League. The defending NFL champions had a league-best regular season record of 12–2, led by eighth-year head coach Vince Lombardi and quarterback Bart Starr, in his eleventh NFL season.

1966 NFL Championship Game

The 1966 National Football League Championship Game was the 34th NFL championship, played at the Cotton Bowl in Dallas, Texas. It was the final game of the 1966 NFL season.

Artificial turf was installed in 1970 and removed in 1993 in preparation for the 1994 FIFA World Cup. The elevation of the playing field is approximately 450 feet (140 m) above sea level.

Artificial turf surface of synthetic fibers made to look like natural grass

Artificial turf is a surface of synthetic fibers made to look like natural grass. It is most often used in arenas for sports that were originally or are normally played on grass. However, it is now being used on residential lawns and commercial applications as well. The main reason is maintenance—artificial turf stands up to heavy use, such as in sports, and requires no irrigation or trimming. Domed, covered, and partially covered stadiums may require artificial turf because of the difficulty of getting grass enough sunlight to stay healthy. Artificial turf does have its downside, however: limited life, periodic cleaning requirements, petroleum use, toxic chemicals from infill, and heightened health and safety concerns.

1970 Dallas Cowboys season

The 1970 Dallas Cowboys season was the team's 11th in the National Football League.

1994 FIFA World Cup 1994 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1994 FIFA World Cup was the 15th FIFA World Cup, held in nine cities across the United States from 17 June to 17 July 1994. The United States was chosen as the host by FIFA on 4 July 1988. Despite the host nation's lack of football tradition, the tournament was the most financially successful in World Cup history; aided by the high-capacity stadia in the United States, it broke the World Cup average attendance record with more than 69,000 spectators per game, a mark that still stands. The total attendance of nearly 3.6 million for the final tournament remains the highest in World Cup history, despite the expansion of the competition from 24 to 32 teams, which was first introduced at the 1998 World Cup and is the current format.

History

Construction began on Fair Park Stadium in 1930 on the same site as the wooden football stadium before known as Fair Park Stadium. Completed that year, the first game in the stadium was between Dallas-area high schools in October 1930. The original stadium–the lower half of the current facility–was built for a cost of $328,000 and seated 45,507 spectators. The name was officially changed to the Cotton Bowl in 1936.

In 1948, a second deck was added to the west side, increasing capacity to 67,000. The east side was double-decked the following year, increasing capacity to 75,504. These decks were added to respond to the demand for fans to watch SMU halfback Doak Walker, leading the Cotton Bowl to be known as "the house that Doak built." The superstructure was also built at this time, creating the distinctive facade for the stadium. In 1968, chair-backs were installed, reducing capacity to 72,032. In 1970, the Cotton Bowl installed an AstroTurf surface, which remained until 1993.

In 1950, as a way to break the Texas League record for opening-day attendance, Richard Burnett got permission to play in the Cotton Bowl, which at the time could hold as many as 75,000. In order to draw a big crowd, he wanted a lineup of former stars to don Dallas Eagles uniforms and face one Tulsa hitter in the top of the first inning. Most of the retired stars were cool to the idea, except for then-current Dallas Eagles manager Charlie Grimm. When the legendary Ty Cobb agreed to come to Dallas, the others followed his lead. Preceding the game was a parade through downtown Dallas. "It was the pre-game show that got 'em", bellowed Dizzy Dean by way of self-congratulation. "Cobb, Cochrane, Home Run Baker, Speaker, and Ol' Diz in Dallas duds." The 54,151 who showed up were lucky enough to see Ty Cobb hit several balls into the stands, just to show he could still handle the bat. The Kilgore College Rangerettes drill team performed on the field prior to the game. Texas governor Allan Shivers threw out the first pitch. Defensively, the old-timer lineup of the Eagles were: Duffy Lewis in left field, Cobb in center field, Texas native Tris Speaker in right field, Frank "Home Run" Baker at third base, Travis Jackson at shortstop, Charlie Gehringer at second base, manager Grimm at first base, Mickey Cochrane at catcher, and former Houston Buffaloes star pitcher Dizzy Dean on the mound. Dean walked the leadoff batter for Tulsa, Harry Donabedian, on a 3-2 count, and then the regular Dallas players took the field. Dean got into an orchestrated rhubarb and was tossed from the game. The attendance figure still stands as the largest in Texas League history and second largest in the history of the minor leagues.

The Cotton Bowl hosted six matches of the 1994 World Cup. To meet FIFA requirements for these games the stadium field was widened, the press box was enlarged and natural grass was re-installed. The playing surface has remained natural grass ever since. Capacity was decreased to 71,615 in 1994 and to 68,252 in 1996. [12] The Stadium also hosted the Gold Cup Soccer Matches in 1993.

In the 2000s (decade), the renewed dominance of both the Oklahoma Sooners and the Texas Longhorns created a new interest in their rivalry, and the stadium. Temporary stands were erected in each end zone to increase seating for these games from just over 68,000 to 90,000.

In November 2006, the city of Dallas and the State Fair of Texas finally agreed on funding for a long-planned [13] $50 million renovation, with $30 million of this amount from a city bond. [14] Thus, in April 2007, the schools signed a contract to play at the Cotton Bowl through 2015, coupled with a $57 million fund for upgrades and improvements to the aging stadium. [15] The 2008 game was held on October 11.

The 2008 renovations include the expansion of the seating capacity of the stadium from 68,252 to 92,100, [2] mostly through the complete encircling of the second deck, new media and VIP facilities, a new scoreboard and video screen, updated restrooms and concession areas, lighting, utility and sound upgrades and the replacement of all the stadium's seats. A new record for attendance was set when 96,009 fans attended the 2009 Oklahoma vs. Texas football game.

The renovation was also intended to increase the chances of the Cotton Bowl Classic becoming a part of the Bowl Championship Series. However, the renovation was not enough to prevent the Cotton Bowl Classic from moving out of its namesake stadium after the 2009 game. Dallas' occasionally cold January weather had been a longstanding concern for the game, and was believed to have precluded any prospect of adding it to the BCS even after the expansion. (The Cotton Bowl Classic would eventually be added to the "New Year's Six" College Football Playoff bowls after the game moved to what is now AT&T Stadium.) [16]

On January 1, 2019, the NHL announced the 2020 NHL Winter Classic would be held at the Cotton Bowl between the Dallas Stars and the Nashville Predators.

Stadium usage

The Cotton Bowl has been used by a number of teams in several sports throughout its history, and has hosted three collegiate bowl games. The Cotton Bowl has also hosted large music concerts, including the inaugural Texxas Jam and other similar events.

Football

Cotton Bowl Classic

Panoramic view of the 2008 Cotton Bowl Classic between Missouri and Arkansas 2007 Cotton Bowl panoramic 1.jpg
Panoramic view of the 2008 Cotton Bowl Classic between Missouri and Arkansas

From 1937 to 2009, the Cotton Bowl hosted the Cotton Bowl Classic, an annual NCAA Division I bowl game. Beginning in 2010, the bowl game has been played at AT&T Stadium in Arlington. From 1941 to 1994, the Southwest Conference champion would play in the bowl game; since 1997, the first postseason of the Big 12 Conference, its second-place team has competed against an SEC team in the Cotton Bowl Classic.

Dallas Cowboys

The Dallas Cowboys also called the Cotton Bowl home for 12 seasons, from the team's formation in 1960 until 1971. After playing their first two home games in 1971 at the Cotton Bowl, the Cowboys opened Texas Stadium in Irving on October 24.

Dallas Texans

The Dallas Texans of the American Football League used the stadium all three of their seasons in Dallas, from 1960-1962. Following the Texans 1962 AFL Championship season, they moved to Kansas City, Missouri and became the Chiefs.

Heart of Dallas Bowl (First Responder Bowl)

Since January 2011, the Cotton Bowl has been the home of the Heart of Dallas Bowl, an annual college football bowl game. The game was tentatively named the "Dallas Football Classic" prior to TicketCity being announced as the bowl game's title sponsor. The game was called the "TicketCity Bowl" for the first two match ups. On October 4, 2012, the name changed again to its current incarnation. The game has had bowl tie-ins with the Big 12 Conference in 2011, Conference USA in 2012, and the Big Ten Conference in both 2011 and 2012. The inaugural game saw the Texas Tech Red Raiders defeat the Northwestern Wildcats, 45–38.

Red River Rivalry

Red River Rivalry in 2010 Cotton Bowl.JPG
Red River Rivalry in 2010

The annual college football game between the University of Oklahoma Sooners and the University of Texas at Austin Longhorns, also known before 2005 as the Red River Shootout, is played at the Cotton Bowl during the State Fair of Texas, instead of on either school's campus. Ticket sales are equally divided between the two schools, and the fans are split on the 50-yard line. Following the 2018 game, the Longhorns have a record of 62-46-5 against the Sooners.

SMU Mustangs

The Cotton Bowl served as the home for the SMU Mustangs football team for two periods in the program's history. SMU played at least a few games at the Cotton Bowl from 1932 onward. They gradually moved more of their home games there during the 1930s and 1940s, as it was double the size of their on-campus stadium, Ownby Stadium. The Mustangs moved there permanently in 1948 due to Doak Walker's popularity. The Mustangs played at the Cotton Bowl until 1978, when they moved to Texas Stadium.

The Cotton Bowl also served as home to SMU in the 1990s, after the team served the NCAA death penalty due to numerous recruiting violations, and spent the first six years after their return at Ownby Stadium. Games moved back to campus in 2000 with the completion of Gerald J. Ford Stadium.

State Fair Classic

In addition to the Red River Rivalry, the Grambling State University Tigers and the Prairie View A&M University Panthers play each other at the Cotton Bowl in the State Fair Classic. This game often occurs the weekend before the Texas-OU Red River Rivalry game. It is a neutral site for both teams; Grambling State is located in northern Louisiana and Prairie View A&M is located about 30 miles (48 km) northwest of Houston. The halftime show, the "Battle of the Bands", is arguably more eagerly anticipated than the game itself. The State Fair Classic is heavily marketed in the Dallas – Fort Worth Metroplex, with local hip hop stations encouraging a large turnout among the region's African-American community. The State Fair Classic is currently the largest FCS football game in Texas.

Texas State Fair Classic Showdown

In 2016, the Texas State Fair in conjunction with the City of Dallas announced an expansion of games played during the state fair for 2018 and 2019. Following the Red River Rivalry weekend, the Texas Southern University Tigers will play against the Southern University Jaguars. The game will be a neutral site for both teams, Texas Southern University is centrally located in Houston and Southern University is located in Baton Rouge, Louisiana (South Louisiana). The two schools are long-time SWAC rivals and have nationally recognized marching bands. [17]

Texas High School Football

The Cotton Bowl has a long history of hosting Texas high school football games. From the early days of the stadium, it was used for playoff and championship games. In 1945 and 1967, the stadium hosted two of the largest audiences to ever see a Texas high school football game. [18] In 2011 and 2012, it played host to the North Texas Football Classic to kick off those seasons.

Powderpuff Football

Blondes vs. Brunettes powderpuff football games are played in cities across the United States. [19] Proceeds from the event are donated to The Alzheimer's Association. The annual contests were started by Sara Allen Abbott whose father, Texas State Representative Joseph Hugh Allen, died of Alzheimer's disease in 2008. Looking for a way to raise funds for The Alzheimer's Association, Abbott organized a powderpuff football game in tribute to her father, a lifelong football fan. [20] The games are currently played in over 20 cities throughout the United States. The increasing popularity of the game in the Dallas area resulted in moving the 2012 game to the Cotton Bowl where it could accommodate a larger crowd. [21]

Soccer

On July 29, 2014, the Cotton Bowl hosted a soccer match between Real Madrid and A.S. Roma which was part of the 2014 International Champions Cup and AS Roma won the match 1-0. [22] It also hosted 6 matches of the 1994 FIFA World Cup.

1994 FIFA World Cup matches

DateTime (UTC−6)Team #1Res.Team #2RoundAttendance
1994-06-1718:30Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 2-2Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg  South Korea Group C 56,247
1994-06-2318:30Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 3-0Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Group D 44,132
1994-06-2815:00Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 3-2Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg  South Korea Group C 63,998
1994-06-3018:30Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 0-2Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Group D 63,998
1994-07-0312:00Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 1-3Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Round of 16 60,277
1994-07-0914:35Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 2-3Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Quarter-final 63,500

Other international matches

DateTeam #1Res.Team #2Attendance
September 8, 1974 Mexico  Flag of Mexico.svg1-0Flag of the United States.svg  United States 22,164
July 10, 1993 Jamaica  Flag of Jamaica.svg0-1Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11,642
July 14, 1993 Panama  Flag of Panama.svg1-2Flag of the United States.svg  United States 13,771
July 17, 1993 Honduras  Flag of Honduras.svg0-1Flag of the United States.svg  United States 16,348
July 21, 1993 Costa Rica  Flag of Costa Rica.svg0-1Flag of the United States.svg  United States 14,826
March 26, 1994 Bolivia  Flag of Bolivia (state).svg2-2Flag of the United States.svg  United States 26,835
March 25, 1995 Uruguay  Flag of Uruguay.svg2-2Flag of the United States.svg  United States 12,242
April 28, 2004 Mexico  Flag of Mexico.svg0-1Flag of the United States.svg  United States 45,048

Dallas Tornado

Early in their existence, the Dallas Tornado played two seasons of professional soccer in the Cotton Bowl. They spent their inaugural year, 1967, as a franchise of the United Soccer Association and 1968 as members of the North American Soccer League, in the Cotton Bowl before moving first to P.C. Cobb Stadium, and then on to other venues. The Tornado played for 15 years and used a total of six different Dallas-area stadiums before finally folding after the 1981 season.

Dallas Burn

The Dallas Burn of MLS (rebranded as FC Dallas in 2005) called the Cotton Bowl home for its first 7 seasons, between 1996 and 2002, as well as for the 2004 and 2005 seasons, before opening their own stadium, formerly named Pizza Hut Park, in Frisco.

Ice hockey

NHL Winter Classic

The 2020 NHL Winter Classic will be held at the Cotton Bowl on January 1st, 2020. The game will be hosted by the Dallas Stars against the Nashville Predators [23] . This will mark the first time the Dallas Stars will host and compete in a Winter Classic. It will also mark the first outdoor NHL game to be hosted in a southern state.

Concerts

Music

The stadium has also been a venue for a number of historic concerts, most notably that which featured then 21-year-old Elvis Presley, which took place on October 11, 1956 and attracted what was then the largest audience in Texas history for an outdoor concert, in excess of 27,000.

Many consecutive summers of huge concerts, featuring several artists, began in July 1978, with the 1st annual Texxas Jam, which sold out with over 80,000 attendees. For crowd control purposes, ticket sales for any future Cotton Bowl General Admission floor seating was limited, and Jams following the 1978 Jam, never reached 80,000 for that reason. Each Texxas Jam had a unique lineup of major artists chosen by the promoter. Over the years, the Texxas Jam featured some of the top-billed headliner artists of the day, including Aerosmith, Heart, Deep Purple, Boston, Journey, Ted Nugent, Scorpions, Loverboy, Cheap Trick, Van Halen, Blue Öyster Cult, Sammy Hagar, Nazareth, Styx, Foghat, Santana, The Eagles & Triumph, among others.

The annual events came to an end in the summer of 1988, when Van Halen headlined the "Monsters Of Rock" Tour.

Since then, the stadium has continued to be used as a major concert venue; Eric Clapton held his first three-day Crossroads Guitar Festival there in 2004.

Drum Corps

The Cotton Bowl was also the site for the 1991 Drum Corps International World Championships. Also the 1971 VFW championships.

Sources

See also

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2019 Texas Longhorns football team

The 2019 Texas Longhorns football team, known variously as "Texas", "UT", the "Longhorns", or the "Horns”, represents the University of Texas at Austin during the 2019 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The Longhorns play their home games at Darrell K Royal–Texas Memorial Stadium in Austin, Texas. They are a charter member of the Big 12 Conference. They are led by third-year head coach Tom Herman.

The 2019 Oklahoma Sooners football team will represent the University of Oklahoma in the 2019 NCAA Division I FBS football season, the 125th season for the Oklahoma Sooners. The team will be led by Lincoln Riley, who is in his third year as head coach. They will play their home games at Gaylord Family Oklahoma Memorial Stadium in Norman, Oklahoma. They are a charter member of the Big 12 Conference.

References

  1. http://cambridgearchitectural.com/projects/cotton-bowl-stadium
  2. 1 2 "College FootballState Fair of Texas". State Fair of Texas. October 10, 2015. Retrieved October 10, 2015.
  3. "Oklahoma Sooners vs. Texas Longhorns – Recap – October 17, 2009". ESPN. 2009-10-17. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
  4. "Welcome to the City of Dallas, Texas - Fair Park, Tx. One fun thing leads to another". City of Dallas. June 2, 2001. Archived from the original on July 1, 2007. Retrieved October 10, 2015.
  5. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  6. National Park Service (2013-11-02). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service.
  7. "Ordinance No. 27079" (PDF). City of Dallas. 2008. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
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  11. "Georgia grinds out 24-9 Cotton victory". Milwaukee Journal. January 1, 1967. p. 1, sports.
  12. "Stadium – AT&T Cotton Bowl Classic". Attcottonbowl.com. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
  13. Levinthal, Dave (2005-08-20). "Miller determined to keep Texas-OU game". Dallas Morning News .
  14. "City of Dallas 2006 Bond Program". City of Dallas. 2006. Archived from the original on 2008-09-07. Retrieved 2008-09-08.
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  16. "Cotton Bowl reportedly hoping to join BCS party in 2011". ESPN.com. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
  17. Johnson, Luke (October 8, 2016). "'This is a major deal' Southern to play Texas Southern in 2018-19 Texas State Fair Football Showdown". The Advocate . Baton Rouge.
  18. Doelle, Chris. "Texas High School Football All-Time Highest Attendance". Lone Star Gridiron. Archived from the original on June 12, 2013. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  19. Blondes vs. Brunettes Powderpuff Fundraiser
  20. "Blondes vs. Brunettes: Grassroots Effort Scores for Alzheimer's Association". The NonProfit Times . Morris Plains, New Jersey. September 15, 2010. p. 7. Archived from the original on 2012-10-20. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
  21. Pressley, Ty (August 3, 2012). "Blondes vs. Brunettes for Charity – Cotton Bowl to Host Blondes vs. Brunettes Football Game on Aug. 11". KXAS-TV News. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  22. Kent, David (July 30, 2015). "Cristiano Ronaldo put in the shade by Francesco Totti as Roma beat Real Madrid". Daily Mail . London. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
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Events and tenants
Preceded by
first stadium
Home of the Dallas Cowboys
1960 October 11, 1971
Succeeded by
Texas Stadium
Preceded by
first stadium
Home of the Dallas Texans
1960 1962
Succeeded by
Municipal Stadium
Preceded by
first stadium
Dragon Stadium
Home of the Dallas Burn
1996 2002
2004 2005
Succeeded by
Dragon Stadium
Pizza Hut Park
Preceded by
first stadium
Home of the Cotton Bowl Classic
1937 2009
Succeeded by
Cowboys Stadium
Preceded by
Rich Stadium
Host of the Drum Corps International
World Championship

1991
Succeeded by
Camp Randall Stadium