Blink-182

Last updated

Blink-182
Blink-182, June 2016.jpg
Blink-182 performing in 2016. From left to right: Mark Hoppus, Travis Barker, and Matt Skiba.
Background information
Also known asBlink (1992–1995)
Origin Poway, California, U.S.
Genres
Years active
  • 1992–2005
  • 2009–present
Labels
Associated acts
Website blink182.com
Members
Past members

Blink-182 is an American rock band formed in Poway, California, in 1992. Since 2015, the band has consisted of bassist and vocalist Mark Hoppus, drummer Travis Barker, and guitarist and vocalist Matt Skiba. Founded by Hoppus, guitarist and vocalist Tom DeLonge, and drummer Scott Raynor, Blink-182 emerged from the Southern California punk scene of the early 1990s and gained notoriety for high-energy live shows and irreverent toilet humor.

Contents

Blink-182 toured heavily in support of their debut, Cheshire Cat (1995). They signed with major label MCA Records to co-distribute their second album, Dude Ranch (1997). Raynor was fired midway through a 1998 tour and replaced by Barker. Enema of the State (1999) and Take Off Your Pants and Jacket (2001) were enormous successes on the strength of radio and MTV airplay. Blink-182 (2003) marked a stylistic shift. DeLonge quit in 2005, placing the band on hiatus, until they reunited for their sixth album, Neighborhoods (2011). In 2015, DeLonge left again and was replaced by Alkaline Trio frontman Matt Skiba. Blink-182 released their seventh album, California , in 2016, followed by Nine in 2019.

According to Alternative Press , Blink-182 is considered a key group in the development of pop punk;[ not verified in body ] their combination of pop melodies with fast-paced punk rock was more radio-friendly than prior bands. In 2011, The New York Times wrote that Blink-182 were the most influential punk band of the 1990s, influencing acts such as Fall Out Boy, All Time Low and the Maine. [3] The band has sold more than 13 million albums in the United States, [4] and more than 50 million worldwide. [5]

History

Formation and initial years (1992–1994)

View of Poway TwinPeaksPoway1.jpg
View of Poway

Blink-182 was formed in Poway, California, a suburb north of San Diego, in August 1992. Guitarist Tom DeLonge was expelled from Poway High for being inebriated at a basketball game, and was forced to attend another school, Rancho Bernardo High School, for one semester. There, he performed at a Battle of the Bands competition, where he was introduced to drummer Scott Raynor. [6] [7] He also befriended Kerry Key, who was also interested in punk rock music. Key was dating Anne Hoppus, sister of bassist Mark Hoppus, who had recently moved from Ridgecrest, California to work at a record store and attend college. Both Hoppus and DeLonge grew up listening to punk rock music, with both particularly enamored by the Descendents. [8] [9] Southern California had a large punk population in the early 1990s, aided by an active surfing, skating, and snowboarding scene. [10] In contrast to East Coast punk music, the West Coast wave of groups typically introduced more melodic aspects to the group's music. [10] "New York is gloomy, dark and cold. It makes different music. The Californian middle-class suburbs have nothing to be that bummed about," said DeLonge. [10]

"We had a lot of fuckin' fun. We were out all night skateboarding. We were out throwing food and drinks at security guards who were chasing us through malls, skateboarding at four in the morning, eating doughnuts at places making hot doughnuts near the beach, breaking into schools and finding skate spots in dark schools or slaloming down parking garages naked and shit in downtown San Diego."

—Tom DeLonge in 2013, reflecting on the band's foundation [11]

Anne introduced her brother to DeLonge on August 1, 1992. [12] The pair instantly connected and played for hours in DeLonge's garage, exchanging lyrics and co-writing songs—one of which became fan favorite "Carousel". [12] Hoppus, hoping to impress DeLonge, fell from a lamppost in front of DeLonge's home and cracked his ankles, putting him in crutches for three weeks. [13] The trio began to practice together in Raynor's bedroom, spending time writing music, seeing movies and punk concerts, and playing practical jokes. [14] The trio first operated under a variety of names, including Duck Tape and Figure 8, until DeLonge rechristened the band "Blink". [15] Hoppus' girlfriend of the time was annoyed by his constant attention to the band, and demanded he make a choice between the band and her, which resulted in Hoppus leaving the band not long after its formation. [16] Shortly thereafter, DeLonge and Raynor borrowed a four-track recorder from friend and collaborator Cam Jones and were preparing to record a demo tape, with Jones on bass. [15] Hoppus promptly broke up with his girlfriend and returned to the band. [16] Flyswatter—a combination of original songs and punk covers—was recorded in Raynor's bedroom in May 1993. [17]

The band became a mainstay at all-ages venue Soma San Diego during their early years; this poster is from 1994. Soma San Diego flyer.jpg
The band became a mainstay at all-ages venue Soma San Diego during their early years; this poster is from 1994.

The band began booking shows, and were on stage nearly every weekend, even at Elks Lodges and YMCA centers. [19] DeLonge called clubs constantly in San Diego asking for a spot to play, as well as local high schools, convincing them that Blink was a "motivational band with a strong antidrug message" in hopes to play at an assembly or lunch. [19] San Diego at this time was "hardly a hotbed of [musical] activity", according to journalist Joe Shooman, but the band's popularity grew as did punk rock concurrently in the mainstream. [17] They quickly became part of a circuit that also included bands such as Ten Foot Pole and Unwritten Law, and Blink soon found its way onto the bill as the opening band for acts performing at Soma, a local all-ages venue. "The biggest dreams we ever had when we started was to [headline] a show at Soma," Hoppus said later. [20] Meanwhile, Hoppus' manager at the record store, Patrick Secor, fronted the group money to properly record another demo at a local studio Doubletime. [21] The result was Buddha (1994), which the members of the band viewed as the band's first legitimate release. [18] [21] That year, however, Raynor's family relocated to Reno, Nevada, and he was briefly replaced by musician Mike Krull. [22] The band saved money and began flying Raynor out to shows, and he eventually moved back and in with Hoppus in mid-1995. During that time, the band would record its first album, first music video, and develop a larger following. [23]

Early releases and touring (1995–1998)

Blink-182 at the Showcase Theater in Corona, California, in 1995 Blink-182 at the Showcase Theater in Corona July 18,1995.jpg
Blink-182 at the Showcase Theater in Corona, California, in 1995

The heart of the local independent music scene was Cargo Records, which offered to sign the band on a "trial basis," with help from O, guitarist for local punk band Fluf, and Brahm Goodis, a friend of the band whose father was president of the label. [24] Hoppus was the only member to sign the contract, as DeLonge was at work at the time and Raynor was still a minor. [25] The band recorded their debut album— Cheshire Cat , released in February 1995—in three days at Westbeach Recorders in Los Angeles, fueled by both new songs and re-recordings of songs from previous demos. [26] "M+M's", the band's first single, garnered local radio airplay from 91X, and Cargo offered the band a small budget to film a music video for it. [27] Meanwhile, the record also drew the attention of Irish band Blink. Unwilling to engage in a legal battle, the band agreed to change their name. [28] Cargo gave the band a week, but the trio put off the decision for more than two afterward. Eventually, Cargo called the trio, demanding that they "change the name or [we'll] change it for you," after which the band decided on a random number, 182. [29] [30]

The band soon hired a manager, Rick DeVoe, who had worked with larger bands such as NOFX, Pennywise and The Offspring. [28] In addition, the group drew the attention of Rick and Jean Bonde of the Tahoe booking agency, who were responsible for "spreading the name of the band far and wide." [28] [31] In late 1995, the trio embarked on their first national tour, promoting the surf video GoodTimes with Unwritten Law, Sprung Monkey and 7 Seconds. GoodTimes was directed by filmmaker Taylor Steele, who was a friend of DeVoe. In preparation for the trek, the band members purchased their own tour van, which they nicknamed the Millennium Falcon . [32] The GoodTimes tour extended outside the States with a leg in Australia; the trio were financially unable to go, but Pennywise's members paid for their plane tickets. [33] Fletcher Dragge, guitarist of Pennywise, believed in the band strongly. He demanded that Kevin Lyman, founder of the traveling rock-based Warped Tour, sign the band for its 1996 iteration, predicting they would become "gigantic." [34] That year, the band toured heavily, with several domestic shows on and off the Warped Tour, trips to Canada and Japan, and more Australian dates. Australia were particularly receptive to the band and their humorous stage antics, which gained the band a reputation but also made them ostracized and considered a joke. [3] [35]

The group playing the Whisky a Go Go in Los Angeles in 1996 Blink-182 at the Whiskey in Los Angeles, 10-7-1996.jpg
The group playing the Whisky a Go Go in Los Angeles in 1996

By March 1996, the trio began to accumulate a genuine buzz among major labels, resulting in a bidding war between Interscope, MCA and Epitaph. [36] MCA promised the group complete artistic freedom and ultimately signed the band, [37] but Raynor held a great affinity for Epitaph and began to feel half-invested in the band when they chose MCA. [38] The group, discouraged by Cargo's lack of distribution and faith in the group, held no qualms about signing to a major label but were fiercely criticized in the punk community. [36] [39] [40] After nonstop touring, the trio began recording their follow-up LP, Dude Ranch , over the period of a month in late 1996 with producer Mark Trombino. [41] The record saw release the following June, and the band headed out on the 1997 Warped Tour. "Dammit", the album's second single, received heavy airplay on modern rock stations. [42] Dude Ranch shipped gold by 1998, but an exhaustive touring schedule brought tensions among the trio. [42] Raynor had been drinking heavily to offset personal issues, and he was fired by DeLonge and Hoppus in mid-1998 despite agreeing to attend rehab and quit drinking. [43] [44] Travis Barker, drummer for tour-mate The Aquabats, filled in for Raynor, learning the 20-song setlist in 45 minutes before the first show. [45] By July, he joined the band full-time [44] and later that year, the band entered the studio with producer Jerry Finn to begin work on their third album. [35]

Mainstream breakthrough and continued success (1999–2004)

The music video for "What's My Age Again?" depicts the band running naked through the streets of Los Angeles. WMAA Blink.jpg
The music video for "What's My Age Again?" depicts the band running naked through the streets of Los Angeles.

With the release of the group's third album Enema of the State in June 1999, Blink-182 was catapulted to stardom and became the biggest pop punk act of the era. [35] [ failed verification ] Three singles were released from the record—"What's My Age Again?", "All the Small Things", and "Adam's Song"—which became major radio hits. [47] "All the Small Things" became a number-one hit on the Modern Rock Tracks chart, and also became a crossover hit, peaking at number six on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. The band's relationship with MTV cemented their status as video stars; all three singles became staples on the network and TRL mainstays. [30] [48] [49] Enema of the State was an enormous commercial success, although the band was criticized as synthesized, manufactured pop only remotely resembling punk, and pigeonholed as a joke act due to the puerile slant of their singles and associated videos. The album has sold over 15 million copies worldwide and had a considerable effect on pop punk music, inspiring a "second wave" of the genre and numerous acolytes. [35] [50]

Following that success, as well as their first arena tour and cameo appearances in film and TV ( American Pie ), the band recorded their fourth album, the comically-titled Take Off Your Pants and Jacket (2001). It became their first number one album in the U.S., Canada, and Germany, and spawned the singles "The Rock Show", "Stay Together for the Kids" and "First Date". [3] Jerry Finn returned to produce the record and was a key architect of the "polished" pop punk sound; according to journalist James Montgomery, writing for MTV News, the veteran engineer "served as an invaluable member of the Blink team: part adviser, part impartial observer, he helped smooth out tensions and hone their multiplatinum sound." [51] Recording sessions were sometimes contentious, as DeLonge strove for heavier-sounding guitar riffs. [52] With time off from touring, he felt a desire to broaden his musical palette, [8] [53] and channeled his chronic back pain and resulting frustration into Box Car Racer (2002), an LP that emulates his post-hardcore influences, such as Fugazi and Refused. [54] [55] He invited Barker to record drums for the project, in order to refrain from hiring a studio musician. Box Car Racer rapidly evolved into a side project for the duo, launching the singles "I Feel So" and "There Is", in addition to two national tours throughout 2002. Though DeLonge claimed Hoppus was not intentionally left out, Hoppus felt betrayed, [56] and the event created great division within the trio for some time and was an unresolved tension at the forefront of the band's later hiatus. [57] In the meantime, Barker also parlayed his love of hip-hop into the rap rock outfit Transplants, a collaboration with Rancid's Tim Armstrong. [35]

Tom DeLonge (front), Mark Hoppus (center), and Travis Barker (back) in 2003 Blink182.jpg
Tom DeLonge (front), Mark Hoppus (center), and Travis Barker (back) in 2003

The band regrouped in 2003 to record its fifth studio album, infusing experimentalist elements into its usual pop punk sound, inspired by lifestyle changes (the band members all became fathers before the album was released) and side projects. Blink-182 was released in November 2003 through Geffen Records, which absorbed sister label MCA earlier that year. [58] The worldwide touring schedule, which saw the band travel to Japan and Australia, also found the three performing for troops stationed in the Persian Gulf during the first year of the Iraq War. [59] [60] Critics generally complimented the new, more "mature" direction taken for the album and its lead singles "Feeling This" and "I Miss You" charted high, with the latter becoming the group's second number one hit on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks chart. [61] Fans, however, were split by the new direction, and tensions within the band—stemming from the grueling schedule and DeLonge's desire to spend more time with his family—started to become evident. [35]

Hiatus, side projects, and Barker's plane crash (2005–2008)

In February 2005, Geffen issued a press statement announcing the band's "indefinite hiatus." [62] The band had broken up after members' arguments regarding their future and recording process. DeLonge felt increasingly conflicted both about his creative freedom within the group and the toll touring was taking on his family life. [63] He eventually expressed his desire to take a half-year respite from touring in order to spend more time with family. Hoppus and Barker were dismayed by his decision, which they felt was an overly long break. [64] Rehearsals for a benefit concert grew contentious, rooted in the trio's increasing bitterness toward one another. [65] DeLonge considered his bandmates' priorities "mad, mad different," coming to the conclusion that the trio had simply grown apart as they aged, had families, and reached fame. The breakdown in communication led to heated exchanges, resulting in his exit from the group. [57]

DeLonge briefly disappeared from public eye, making no appearances, granting no interviews and remaining silent until September 2005, when he announced his new project, Angels & Airwaves, promising "the greatest rock and roll revolution for this generation." [66] He later revealed he was addicted to painkillers at the time for his chronic back pain, noting that his grandiose statements seemed outlandish. [67] The group released two albums in 2006 and 2007: the RIAA gold-certified We Don't Need to Whisper and I-Empire . [68] In the interim, Hoppus and Barker also continued playing music together in +44. [69] +44's debut, When Your Heart Stops Beating , was released in 2006 but stalled commercially and received mixed reviews. [70] Meanwhile, Barker starred in the MTV reality series Meet the Barkers with his then-wife, former Miss USA Shanna Moakler. The couple's later split, reconciliation and subsequent breakup made them tabloid favorites. [71] Barker also launched a shoe line and worked on hip-hop remixs, as well as with the Transplants and TRV$DJAM, a collaboration with friend Adam Goldstein (DJ AM). [66] During the hiatus, Hoppus shifted his attention to hosting a podcast and producing albums (most notably Commit This to Memory by former tour-mate Motion City Soundtrack). [72]

The band members did not speak from their breakup until 2008. [73] That August, former producer Jerry Finn suffered a cerebral hemorrhage and died. [74] The following month, Barker and Goldstein were involved in a plane crash that killed four people, leaving them the only two survivors. [75] Barker sustained second and third degree burns and developed posttraumatic stress disorder, and the accident resulted in sixteen surgeries and multiple blood transfusions. [76] Goldstein's injuries were less severe, but the following year, he died from a drug overdose. [77] Hoppus was alerted about Barker's accident by a phone call in the middle of the night and jumped on the next flight to the burn center. [76] DeLonge quickly reached out to his former bandmate, mailing him a letter and photograph. [70] [76] The trio eventually met up in the hospital, laying the grounds for what was going to be the band's reunion. [78] Eventually, an arrangement was made for the trio to meet up at Hoppus and Barker's Los Angeles studio in October 2008. The three opened up, discussing the events of the hiatus and their break-up, and DeLonge was the first to approach the subject of reuniting. [78] Hoppus remembered: "I remember [Tom] said, 'So, what do you guys think? Where are your heads at?' And I said, 'I think we should continue with what we've been doing for the past 17 years. I think we should get back on the road and back in the studio and do what we love doing.'" [79] [80]

Reunion years (2009–2014)

The first live performance of the group's reformation in 2009 Blink2.jpg
The first live performance of the group's reformation in 2009

For the first time in nearly five years, the band appeared on stage together as presenters at the February 2009 Grammy Awards, and announced their reunion. [81] The trio embarked on a reunion tour of North America from July to October 2009, [77] with a European trek following from August to September 2010. [82] Barker, suffering from a fear of flying after his accident, traveled via bus domestically and by an ocean liner for overseas dates. [83] The recording process for Neighborhoods , the band's sixth studio album, was stalled by its studio autonomy, tours, managers, and personal projects. DeLonge recorded at his studio in San Diego while Hoppus and Barker recorded in Los Angeles—an extension of their strained communication. [8] [84] The self-produced album—their first without Jerry Finn since Enema of the State [51] —was released in September 2011 and peaked at number two on the Billboard 200. [85] Its singles—"Up All Night" and "After Midnight"—only attracted modest chart success, and label Interscope was reportedly disappointed with album sales. [86]

The band continued to tour in the early 2010s, "despite growing evidence of remaining friction" between the members, according to AllMusic biographer John Bush. [87] They headlined the 10th Annual Honda Civic Tour in North America in 2011 with My Chemical Romance, [88] and launched a 20th Anniversary Tour the next year. For that tour, the band played in Europe twice, [89] North America, [90] and Australia; drummer Brooks Wackerman filled-in for Barker, as he was not yet ready to fly. [91] Additionally, the trio pursued a tenth anniversary celebration of Blink-182 with a series of shows, [92] and played the Reading and Leeds Festivals; it was the band's fourth appearance at the festival and second headlining slot. [93] The band also parted ways with longtime label Interscope, [94] self-releasing their next project, Dogs Eating Dogs , an EP. [95] DeLonge's final performance with the group was at the Wine Amplified Festival in Las Vegas, Nevada on October 11, 2014. [96]

Blink-182 performing in 2011 Blink-182 2011-12-11 10.jpg
Blink-182 performing in 2011

The reunion of the band has been characterized as dysfunctional by both Barker and DeLonge. [97] [98] Hoppus commented on this era of the band in a later interview: "Everything was always very contentious. There was always just a strange vibe. [...] I knew there was something wrong." [98] In his memoir, Can I Say, Barker claims DeLonge's behavior on tour was "introverted" until "money started coming in," after which "he'd get excited about Blink." He states DeLonge abruptly quit sometime in mid-2014, and rejoined the following day. [99] The group planned to begin writing their seventh album in January 2015, [100] which had continually seen delays. [101] "I'd do interviews and I just felt awful for fans because they were promised albums for years and we couldn't do it," Barker later said. [98] A record deal was finalized and sessions were booked before DeLonge's manager informed the band he intended to spend more time on "non-musical activities" and indefinitely depart the group. [102] In his own statement, DeLonge remarked that he "Never planned on quitting, [I] just find it hard as hell to commit." [103] After these events, Barker summarized the band's reunion: "Why Blink even got back together in the first place is questionable." [102]

Lineup change and recent years (2015–present)

Blink-182 performing in San Antonio, Texas in 2016 Blink-182, 2016.jpg
Blink-182 performing in San Antonio, Texas in 2016

Hoppus and Barker decided to continue on without DeLonge, and enlisted Alkaline Trio vocalist/guitarist Matt Skiba to "fill in" for three shows in March 2015. [104] Hoppus and Skiba had been wanting to work together musically for several years, so he was the first and only person considered for the role. [105] After legal battles with DeLonge were worked out, Skiba joined Blink-182 as an official member and began preparations for new music. [106] Initially, it was not made clear as to why DeLonge left the band until Barker revealed in 2019 that the guitarist wanted to pursue his company To the Stars... Academy of Arts & Sciences full-time, which is devoted to investigating UFOs. [107] DeLonge said "from every ounce of my being" that he was meant to do this. [108]

The resulting album, California , was produced by John Feldmann. He was the group's first new producer since longtime collaborator Jerry Finn. [109] California was recorded between January and March 2016. The band, as well as Feldmann, would regularly spend "18 hours" in the studio a day, aiming to start and complete multiple songs in that timeframe. [110] "We all wanted to write the best record that we could [...] It does feel like a new beginning. It feels like when we used to tour and sleep in the van because that's all we wanted to do is play rock music," said Hoppus. [111]

Upon its July 2016 release, California became the band's second number-one album on the Billboard 200, and first in 15 years; [112] it also reached the top for the first time in the United Kingdom. [113] Its lead single, "Bored to Death", became the group's first number one single in 12 years. [114] The band supported the album with a large headlining tour across North America between July and October 2016, [115] and a European leg in June and July 2017. [116] A deluxe edition of California—essentially a double album including songs left off the original album—was issued in 2017. [117] [118] California earned the band their first nomination for Best Rock Album at the Grammy Awards. [119] Critical reviews of the album, however, were mixed; many considered Feldmann's input and the throwback nature of the songs as formulaic. [120] [121]

The trio moved from independent service BMG to major-label Columbia for their eighth studio effort, Nine (2019). [122] While Nine builds upon their partnership with Feldmann, it also utilizes additional outside producers and songwriters. [123] Musically, the LP augments the band's pop punk sound with hip hop-inspired programming, as well as electronics. [124] In the interim, the trio embarked on a celebratory tour marking the twentieth anniversary of their breakthrough effort, Enema of the State. [125] In recent years, each member has explored side projects as well. Skiba returned to Alkaline Trio for their ninth album, Is This Thing Cursed? (2018), while Hoppus formed Simple Creatures, an electropop outfit with All Time Low frontman Alex Gaskarth, with whom he released two EPs throughout 2019. Lastly, Barker has focused his energies in collaborating with rappers Lil Nas X, Machine Gun Kelly, and XXXTentacion, among others. [123] Blink have also worked with several artists, jointly issuing singles with XXXTentacion, [126] Lil Wayne, [127] Goody Grace, [128] Steve Aoki, [129] Powfu, [130] Oliver Tree, [131] and the Chainsmokers. [132] That same year, The New York Times Magazine listed Blink-182 among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire. [133]

On August 7, 2020, the band released a new single titled "Quarantine", which was recorded without Skiba's involvement due to lack of a home recording studio. [134] Later in the same month, Hoppus stated that the band was working on a new EP scheduled for release in 2021, in addition to announcing a song with Juice Wrld — neither have been released at the moment. [135] Barker confirmed a 2021 release. [136]

On June 23, 2021, Hoppus confirmed that he had received a cancer diagnosis and had been receiving treatment in secret for the last three months. [137]

Musical style, lyrical themes, and influences

Blink-182's musical style is mainly considered pop punk, [30] [140] [141] [142] a genre that combines influences of pop music with traditional punk rock. Throughout the band's career, though their sound has diversified, a large component of the band's music favors fast tempos, catchy melodies, prominent electric guitar with distortion, and power chord changes. [143] Earlier albums by the band have also been tagged with the label skate punk, [87] [144] [145] [146] owing to the skater subculture that was important to their youth. In addition, the band has also been classified under the umbrella of alternative rock as a whole. [147] [148] [149] The band have claimed punk rock group the Descendents to be their greatest influence on a number of occasions. [8] [9] They have also named the Beatles, [150] the Ramones, [151] the Beach Boys, [152] [153] the Cure, [154] Depeche Mode, [155] U2, [9] Stiff Little Fingers, [9] All, [156] Dinosaur Jr., [157] NOFX, [158] Bad Religion, [159] Refused, [55] Fugazi, [54] Screeching Weasel, [160] The Vandals, [161] The Queers, [162] and Jimmy Eat World as inspirations. [163]

Common lyrical themes for the band involve relationships, [30] suburbia, [164] toilet humor, [165] and teen angst. [166] Hoppus and DeLonge, and later Skiba, split songwriting duty, and much of their lyrics tend toward autobiography. [167] According to Nitsuh Abebe, of New York , the band's biggest recurring topic is maturity—"more specifically, their lack of it, their attitude toward their lack of it, or their eventual wide-eyed exploration of it". [168] One of the band's biggest singles, "What's My Age Again?", specifically addresses the Peter Pan syndrome, [169] while "Dammit", the band's first mainstream hit single, contains the hook "Well, I guess this is growing up." [170] Albums such as Take Off Your Pants and Jacket near-exclusively deal in toilet humor and teen-centered lyrics, leading Rolling Stone to dub it a concept album chronicling adolescence. [171] For Hoppus, these themes were not exclusively adolescent: "The things that happen to you in high school are the same things that happen your entire life. You can fall in love at sixty; you can get rejected at eighty." [172] Mid-career albums, such as Neighborhoods (2011), explore darker territory, such as depression and loss. [173] More recent efforts, like California (2016), aim for universality [166] but also focus on miscommunication and loss of identity. [174]

Musically, the band's sound has progressed throughout their 25-year career. Tom DeLonge's guitar style, which trades solos for riffs, [175] is often down-stroked and power-chord heavy, with large amounts of palm muting. His later work guitar work heavily delves into effects, [175] exploring ambience and delay prominently. [176] Many Blink songs center on the I–V–vi–IV progression. [177] As a bassist, Hoppus is known for his well-defined midrange tone. Since the band is a trio, he approaches his role as a combination of being a rhythm guitarist and bassist. [178] Early albums, such as Cheshire Cat (1995) and Dude Ranch (1997), were recorded with original drummer Scott Raynor, and consist of fast-paced, double-time songs. Drummer Travis Barker diversified the band's sound rhythmically when he joined in 1998. Throughout their discography, Barker's drumming references a myriad of musical genres, including Afro-Cuban music, [179] bossa nova, [180] reggae, [181] and hip hop. [165] Barker grew up playing in marching band, and it still influences his drum fills and kit setup. [182]

Blink-182 were considered more radio-friendly than their predecessors. Jon Caramanica of The New York Times writes that the band "[took] punk's already playful core and [gave] it a shiny, accessible polish." [3] Luke Lewis, writing for Total Guitar in 2003, summarized it aptly: "They wrote catchy songs, radio stations played them." [175] The band's biggest hit, "All the Small Things", was written partially because DeLonge figured the label might want a song for radio. "It was obvious from the beginning it would fit that format," he told Lewis. "There's nothing wrong with that. We don't want obstacles between us and our audience." [175] However, the band's conventional appeal, as well as partnerships with MTV, boardsport companies, and clothing brands, led to accusations that they were betraying the independent spirit of punk rock. [183] DeLonge commented on the band's mainstream appeal in an interview in 2014:

Punk rock was becoming polished. NOFX [was] a punk band we grew up listening to, and they had a record called Punk in Drublic , and it was awesome. It was game-changing; it sounded good. We wanted to take it to the next level. [...] There had never been a pop punk band that sounded like nursery rhymes on steroids, on the mainstream level at least. And that's what I used to have daydreams of. I used to think the radio could use that, could use a band that was really powerful and catchy and fast and youthful and angsty. [158]

Legacy

"These three snot-nosed San Diego punks bottled suburban angst and distilled it into bright, shiny pop songs that might as well have been state-issued to every American teen. During their height, Blink permeated nearly every aspect of popular culture, making them arguably the most influential pop-punk band ever."

Alternative Press , 2015 [184]

Blink-182 was one of the most popular rock bands at the turn of the millennium, and spearheaded the second wave of pop punk and its journey into the mainstream. [185] The glossy production instantly set Blink-182 apart from the other crossover punk acts of the era, such as Green Day. [3] Its third LP Enema of the State catapulted the band to stardom, creating what New York's Abebe described as a "blanket immersion among America's twenty-some million teenagers." [168] At the band's commercial peak, albums such as Take Off Your Pants and Jacket and Enema sold over 14 and 15 million copies worldwide, respectively. [35] [186] According to Kelefa Sanneh of The New Yorker , Blink-182 gradually "emerged as a touchstone, spawning more imitators than any American rock band since Nirvana. Their seeming ordinariness convinced a generation of goofy punks that maybe they, too, could turn out deceptively simple songs as well constructed as anything on the pop chart. And their prankish camaraderie made fans feel like members of their extended social circle." [187] Most Blink-182 songs are fairly straightforward and easy to play on guitar, making them perfect practice for beginner musicians. Lewis of Total Guitar notes that this was key in influencing a generation of kids to "pick up the guitar and form bands of their own." [175]

Despite this, the band never received particularly glowing reviews, with many reviewers dismissing them as a joke. British publication NME was particularly critical of the trio, with reviewer Steven Wells begging them to "fuck right off," comparing them to "that sanitised, castrated, shrink-wrapped 'new wave' crap that the major US record companies pumped out circa 1981 in their belated attempt to jump on the 'punk' bandwagon." [188] Nevertheless, subsequent reviews of the band's discography have been more positive. Andy Greenwald of Blender wrote, "the quick transformation from nudists to near geniuses is down-right astonishing." [189] James Montgomery of MTV said that "despite their maturation, Blink never took themselves particularly seriously, which was another reason they were so accessible." [35] A new generation of rock fans found the Blink sound "hugely influential," according to Nicole Frehsée of Rolling Stone. [190]

In 2011, Jon Caramanica of The New York Times asserted that "no punk band of the 1990s has been more influential than Blink-182," stating that even as the band receded after their initial 2005 split, "its sound and style could be heard in the muscular pop punk of Fall Out Boy or in the current wave of high-gloss Warped Tour punk bands, like All Time Low and The Maine." [3] Montgomery concurs: "...without them, there'd be no Fall Out Boy, no Paramore, or no Fueled by Ramen Records." [35] Maria Sherman of The Village Voice took this a step further, writing "Apart from the sound, Blink's ideology has been popularized [...] their presence is everywhere." [191] "When it comes to having inestimable influence, Blink-182 might well be contemporary punk's version of the Beatles", wrote Scott Heisel in a 2009 Alternative Press cover story on the band. [192] The same magazine later ranked Blink the fourth of the "30 Most Influential Bands of the Past 30 Years," just behind Radiohead, Fugazi, and Nirvana. [184] Bands such as Panic! at the Disco and All Time Low originated covering Blink-182 songs, [193] while You Me at Six, and 5 Seconds of Summer have also named the band as influences. [100] "Anyone in our genre would be lying if they said they weren't influenced by Blink-182," said Joel Madden of Good Charlotte. [194] The band's influence extends beyond pop punk groups as well: the band has been cited as an influence by Avril Lavigne, [195] [196] Best Coast, [3] DIIV, [197] FIDLAR, [198] Grimes, [191] Male Bonding, [191] Neck Deep, [199] Mumford & Sons, [200] A Day To Remember, [201] Owl City, [202] Charly Bliss, [203] Tucker Beathard, [204] Joyce Manor, [205] Wavves, [11] and the Chainsmokers; [206] the latter even mentioned the band in the lyrics of their number-one hit song "Closer". [206]

Members

Timeline

Blink-182

Discography

Awards and nominations

Related Research Articles

<i>Take Off Your Pants and Jacket</i> 2001 studio album by Blink-182

Take Off Your Pants and Jacket is the fourth studio album by American rock band Blink-182, released on June 12, 2001, by MCA Records. The band had spent much of the previous year traveling and supporting their previous album Enema of the State (1999), which launched their mainstream career. The album's title is a tongue-in-cheek pun on male masturbation, and its cover art has icons for each member of the trio: an airplane, a pair of pants, and a jacket. It is the band's final release through MCA.

<i>Enema of the State</i> Studio album by Blink-182

Enema of the State is the third studio album by American rock band Blink-182, released on June 1, 1999, by MCA Records. After a long series of performances at various clubs and festivals and several indie recordings throughout the 1990s, Blink-182 first achieved popularity on the Warped Tour and in Australia following the release of their second album Dude Ranch (1997) and its rock radio hit "Dammit." To record their third album, Blink-182 turned to veteran punk rock producer Jerry Finn, who previously worked on Green Day's breakthrough album Dookie (1994). Enema was the band's first album to feature second drummer Travis Barker, who replaced original drummer Scott Raynor.

Adams Song 2000 single by Blink-182

"Adam's Song" is a song recorded by the American rock band Blink-182 for their third studio album, Enema of the State (1999). It was released as the third and final single from Enema of the State on March 14, 2000 through MCA Records. "Adam's Song" shares writing credits between the band's guitarist Tom DeLonge and bassist Mark Hoppus, but Hoppus was the primary composer of the song. The track concerns suicide, depression and loneliness. It incorporates a piano in its bridge section and was regarded as one of the most serious songs the band had written to that point.

The Rock Show 2001 single by Blink-182

"The Rock Show" is a song recorded by American rock band Blink-182 for the group's fourth studio album, Take Off Your Pants and Jacket (2001). It was released as the lead single from the album on May 7, 2001. The track was composed primarily by bassist Mark Hoppus about meeting a girl at a rock concert. It was inspired by the band's early days touring punk rock clubs, mainly Soma in their hometown of San Diego.

<i>Cheshire Cat</i> (Blink-182 album) 1995 studio album by Blink-182

Cheshire Cat is the debut studio album by American rock band Blink-182, released on February 17, 1995, by Cargo Music. The trio, composed of guitarist Tom DeLonge, bassist Mark Hoppus, and drummer Scott Raynor, formed in 1992 and recorded three demos that impressed the San Diego-based Cargo label. In addition, their reputation as an irreverent local live act at venues such as SOMA alerted the label, who was seeking to expand into different genres.

<i>The Mark, Tom, and Travis Show (The Enema Strikes Back!)</i> 2000 live album by Blink-182

The Mark, Tom, and Travis Show is a live album by American rock band Blink-182. It was released on November 7, 2000 by MCA Records. Blink-182 had risen to fame at the turn of the millennium on the strength of its third album, Enema of the State, which went multiplatinum. Capturing the band's stage show—known for its irreverent humor—with a live release was designed to satisfy fans between new studio albums. The album was recorded over two nights at performances in their native California, on the group's inaugural arena tour.

<i>Dude Ranch</i> (album) 1997 studio album by Blink-182

Dude Ranch is the second studio album by American rock band Blink-182, released on June 17, 1997, by Cargo Music and MCA Records, making it their major record label debut. MCA signed the band in 1996 following moderate sales of their 1995 debut Cheshire Cat and their growing popularity in Australia. Dude Ranch was the band's final recording released on Cargo and the last to feature their full original lineup as drummer Scott Raynor was dismissed from the band in 1998.

Mark Hoppus American musician

Mark Allan Hoppus is an American singer, musician, songwriter, and record producer. He is best known as the bassist and co-lead vocalist of the rock band Blink-182, as well as part of pop rock duo Simple Creatures with All Time Low frontman Alex Gaskarth.

<i>Box Car Racer</i> (album) 2002 studio album by Box Car Racer

Box Car Racer is the only studio album by American rock band of the same name. Produced by Jerry Finn, the album was released May 21, 2002 through MCA Records. The band was a side-project of Blink-182 members Tom DeLonge and Travis Barker, with David Kennedy completing the band's studio lineup; a bassist and friend of Barker, Anthony Celestino, toured with the band throughout late 2002. The record was the only studio effort the trio produced together, and was recorded over the course of six weeks in late 2001.

<i>Blink-182</i> (album) 2003 album by Blink-182

Blink-182, also known as Untitled, is the self-titled fifth studio album by the American rock band Blink-182, released on November 18, 2003 by Geffen Records. Following their ascent to stardom and success of their prior two releases, the trio was compelled to take a break and subsequently participated in various side projects. When they regrouped, they felt inspired to approach song structure and arrangements differently on their next effort together.

Travis Barker American drummer

Travis Landon Barker is an American musician who serves as the drummer for the rock band Blink-182. He has also performed as a frequent collaborator with hip hop artists, is a member of the rap rock group Transplants, founded the rock bands +44 and Box Car Racer, and thereafter joined Antemasque and Goldfinger. Barker was a frequent collaborator with the late DJ AM, and together they formed TRV$DJAM. Due to his fame, Rolling Stone referred to him as "punk's first superstar drummer" as well as one of the 100 greatest drummers of all time.

Whats My Age Again? 1999 single by Blink-182

"What's My Age Again?" is a song by American rock band Blink-182. It was released in April 1999 as the lead single from the group's third studio album, Enema of the State (1999), released through MCA Records. "What's My Age Again?" shares writing credits between the band's guitarist Tom DeLonge and bassist Mark Hoppus, but Hoppus was the primary composer of the song. It was the band's first single to feature drummer Travis Barker. A mid-tempo pop punk song, "What's My Age Again?" is memorable for its distinctive, arpeggiated guitar intro.

Man Overboard (Blink-182 song) 2000 single by Blink-182

"Man Overboard" is a song by the American rock band Blink-182. The song was first released on September 2, 2000 through MCA Records as the lead single from the band's live album, The Mark, Tom, and Travis Show (2000). It is the sole studio recording on the release, and was recorded as a bonus track to help promote its release. The song's lyrics, credited to bassist Mark Hoppus and guitarist Tom DeLonge, are about losing their original drummer Scott Raynor to alcohol abuse. In the song, Hoppus repeats the refrain "so sorry it’s over," and goes on to highlight occasions in which a friend was too intoxicated to be dependable.

Always (Blink-182 song) 2004 single by Blink-182

"Always" is a song by American rock band Blink-182, released on November 2, 2004 as the fourth and final single from the group's self-titled fifth studio album. The song was the lowest charting single from the album, but the song's music video received extensive play on music video channels. Like much of the album, the song shows the band's 1980s influences, with the multiple-layered, heavily effected guitars and new wave synthesizers.

Tom DeLonge American rock musician

Thomas Matthew DeLonge is an American musician, singer, songwriter, author, record producer, actor, and filmmaker. Possessing a distinctive nasal singing voice, he is the lead vocalist and guitarist of the rock band Angels & Airwaves, which he formed in 2005, and was the co-lead vocalist, guitarist, and co-founder of the rock band Blink-182 from its formation in 1992 until his dismissal from the group in 2015.

<i>Greatest Hits</i> (Blink-182 album) 2005 compilation album by Blink-182

Greatest Hits is the first greatest hits album of American rock band Blink-182. It was released on October 31, 2005 by Geffen Records. Greatest Hits was created by Geffen shortly after the band's February 2005 breakup, termed an "indefinite hiatus" by the label. Tensions had risen in the group and guitarist Tom DeLonge desired to take time off. Bassist Mark Hoppus and Travis Barker argued with DeLonge regarding the band's future and their possible next album, and heated exchanges led to DeLonge's exit. In the interim, Hoppus and Barker continued playing together in +44, and DeLonge formed his new outfit Angels & Airwaves.

+44 (band) American rock band

+44 was an American rock supergroup formed in Los Angeles, California in 2005. The group consisted of vocalist and bassist Mark Hoppus and drummer Travis Barker of Blink-182, lead guitarist Shane Gallagher of The Nervous Return, and rhythm guitarist Craig Fairbaugh of Mercy Killers. Hoppus and Barker created +44 shortly after the initial 2005 breakup of Blink-182 and before it was later reformed. The band's name refers to the international dialing code of the United Kingdom, the country where the duo first discussed the project. Early recordings were largely electronic in nature, and featured vocals by Carol Heller, formerly of the all-girl punk quartet Get the Girl.

<i>When Your Heart Stops Beating</i> 2006 studio album by +44

When Your Heart Stops Beating is the only album by the American rock band +44, released on November 14, 2006, by Interscope Records. Mark Hoppus and Travis Barker of Blink-182 formed +44 as an experimental electronic outfit following the breakup of Blink-182. The project started in early 2005, and was later joined by lead guitarist Shane Gallagher and rhythm guitarist Craig Fairbaugh.

Box Car Racer American punk rock band

Box Car Racer was an American punk rock band formed in San Diego, California in 2001. The group consisted of guitarist and vocalist Tom DeLonge and drummer Travis Barker of Blink-182, formerly alongside guitarist David Kennedy of Hazen Street. Anthony Celestino later joined the band on tour as a bassist. DeLonge created the project to pursue darker ideas he felt unsuited to his work with Blink-182. Box Car Racer was partly inspired and viewed as a tribute to Jawbox, Quicksand, Fugazi and Refused.

<i>Neighborhoods</i> (Blink-182 album) 2011 studio album by Blink-182

Neighborhoods is the sixth studio album by American rock band Blink-182, released September 27, 2011 through DGC Records and Interscope. Their first album of new material in eight years, its recording followed the band's breakup and later reconciliation. Due to conflicts within the trio, the band entered an "indefinite hiatus" in 2005 and the members explored various side-projects. After two separate tragedies regarding the band and their entourage, the members of Blink-182 decided to reunite in late 2008, with plans for a new album and tour. It is the last studio album to feature the band's Enema of the State-era lineup before founding member Tom DeLonge left in January 2015.

References

  1. "California by blink-182". iTunes. Archived from the original on June 10, 2016. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
  2. "Blink-182 Release Nostalgic New Track 'Blame It On My Youth': Listen". Billboard.com.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Jon Caramanica (September 16, 2011). "Not Quite Gone, A Punk Band Is Coming Back". The New York Times . Archived from the original on October 2, 2013. Retrieved September 17, 2011.
  4. Gary Trust (July 22, 2011). "Red Hot Chili Peppers, Blink-182, Staind: Alt-Rock Vets Return To the Charts". Billboard . Archived from the original on April 6, 2016. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
  5. "US: Blink-182 Top the US Charts". BMG Rights Management. July 11, 2016. Archived from the original on January 6, 2017. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
  6. Roos, John (December 21, 1995). "OC LIVE : POP MUSIC : Punk Evolution: Blink-182 Adds Melody, Humor". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on May 26, 2014. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
  7. Mikel Toombs (March 30, 1995). "With a wink to a sound that's fast, fun, Blink set to run for the tundra". San Diego Union Tribune .
  8. 1 2 3 4 "Tom DeLonge talks guitar tones, growing up and Blink". Total Guitar . MusicRadar. October 12, 2012. Archived from the original on April 3, 2018. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Frazer, Bear (October 7, 2011). "Tom Delonge's Top 5 Most Influential Bands". Red Bull. Archived from the original on January 14, 2015. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
  10. 1 2 3 Shooman, 2010. pp. 18–19
  11. 1 2 Doyle, Patrick (September 13, 2013). "Q&A: Blink-182 on Their Next Album and Keeping Their Bathroom Humor". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on September 14, 2013. Retrieved September 13, 2013.
  12. 1 2 Hoppus, 2001. pp. 8–9
  13. Shooman, 2010. pp. 10–11
  14. Hoppus, 2001. pp. 10–11
  15. 1 2 3 Shooman, 2010. pp. 13–14
  16. 1 2 Hoppus, 2001. pp. 13–15
  17. 1 2 Hoppus, 2001. p. 16
  18. 1 2 Shooman, 2010. pp. 15–17
  19. 1 2 Hoppus, 2001. p. 21-23
  20. Scaggs, Austin (February 5, 2004). "Q&A: Mark Hoppus of Blink-182". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  21. 1 2 Hoppus, 2001. pp. 24–27
  22. 1 2 Shooman, 2010. p. 24
  23. Hoppus, 2001. p. 28
  24. Hoppus, 2001. p. 29
  25. Hoppus, 2001. p. 30
  26. Hoppus, 2001. p. 31
  27. Hoppus, 2001. pp. 35–36
  28. 1 2 3 Hoppus, 2001. p. 39
  29. "Episode 4–4–11". Hoppus on Music. Season 2. April 14, 2011. Fuse. Archived from the original on September 22, 2016. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
  30. 1 2 3 4 5 Edwards, Gavin (August 3, 2000). "Blink-182: The Half-Naked Truth". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on February 3, 2013. Retrieved July 18, 2012.
  31. Shooman, 2010. pp. 32–33
  32. Hoppus, 2001. p. 44
  33. Hoppus, 2001. pp. 52–53
  34. Al-Attas, Jai (Director) (2009). One Nine Nine Four (Motion picture). US: Robot Academy.
  35. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 James Montgomery (February 9, 2009). "How Did Blink-182 Become So Influential?". MTV News. Archived from the original on September 6, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2009.
  36. 1 2 Shooman, 2010. p. 37
  37. Hoppus, 2001. p. 64
  38. Shooman, 2010. p. 55
  39. Footman, 2002. p. 44
  40. Hoppus, 2001. p. 61
  41. Hoppus, 2001. p. 69
  42. 1 2 Hochman, Steve (May 30, 1999). "Psst... Blink-182 Is Growing Up". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on December 30, 2014. Retrieved February 1, 2013.
  43. Shooman, 2010. p. 56
  44. 1 2 MTV News staff (July 14, 1998). "Blink 182, Aquabats Play Musical Drummers". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 27, 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2010.
  45. Hoppus, 2001. p. 85
  46. Hoppus, 2001. p. 97
  47. Hoppus, 2001. p. 96
  48. MTV News staff (August 11, 1999). "Blink-182 Spoofs Boy Bands With New Video". MTV News. Archived from the original on September 9, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  49. Hoppus, 2001. p. 98
  50. Diehl, Matt (April 17, 2007). My So-Called Punk: Green Day, Fall Out Boy, The Distillers, Bad Religion – How Neo-Punk Stage-Dived into the Mainstream. St. Martin's Griffin. pp. 75–76. ISBN   978-0-312-33781-0.
  51. 1 2 James Montgomery (April 8, 2011). "Blink-182's Mark Hoppus Talks Moving On Without Late Producer Jerry Finn". MTV News. Archived from the original on September 9, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  52. Take Off Your Pants and Jacket (2013 Vinyl Reissue) (liner notes). Blink-182. US: Geffen / Universal Music Special Markets. 2013. SRC025/SRC026/SRC027/SRC028. This reference primarily cites the Mark Hoppus foreword.CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
  53. Shooman, 2010. p. 92
  54. 1 2 Jennifer Vineyard (January 31, 2002). "Blink-182's Tom DeLonge salutes his roots on new album". MTV News. Archived from the original on February 13, 2009. Retrieved May 15, 2010.
  55. 1 2 Corey Moss (April 9, 2002). "Box Car Racer about end of the world, not end of Blink-182". MTV News. Archived from the original on August 14, 2010. Retrieved May 15, 2010.
  56. Shooman, 2010. p. 94
  57. 1 2 James Montgomery (October 28, 2005). "Tom DeLonge: No More Compromises". MTV News. Archived from the original on September 9, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  58. Billboard (May 20, 2003). "MCA & Geffen Merger". ISM Sound Network. Archived from the original on December 26, 2005. Retrieved November 22, 2008.
  59. Jon Wiederhorn (March 15, 2004). "Blink-182 Drummer Breaks Foot In Blunder Down Under". MTV News. Archived from the original on February 13, 2009. Retrieved September 24, 2010.
  60. Jon Wiederhorn (August 11, 2003). "Blink-182 Tone Down Pranks, Get Down to Real 'Action' on Next LP". MTV News. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
  61. "Alternative Songs Chart – "I Miss You"". Billboard. April 3, 2004. Archived from the original on August 20, 2014. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
  62. James Montgomery (February 22, 2005). "Blink-182 Announce 'Indefinite Hiatus' As Breakup Rumors Swirl". MTV News. Archived from the original on August 5, 2011. Retrieved July 15, 2011.
  63. Alex Mar (February 9, 2006). "Q&A: Blink-182 Man Launches Angels". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on February 3, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
  64. Spence D. (April 8, 2005). "+44 Interview". IGN. Archived from the original on December 15, 2010. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
  65. James Montgomery (July 19, 2011). "Blink-182's 'Indefinite Hiatus' Was 'Really Stupid,' Tom DeLonge Says". MTV News. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
  66. 1 2 James Montgomery (September 16, 2005). "Blink's Tom DeLonge Promises 'The Greatest Rock And Roll Revolution'". MTV News. Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved July 15, 2011.
  67. Brad Streeter (January 21, 2008). "Interview with Tom DeLonge". AbsolutePunk. Retrieved July 15, 2011.
  68. James Montgomery (September 19, 2007). "Angels & Airwaves' Revolution Has Begun — Just Wait 29 Years, Tom DeLonge Insists". MTV News. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
  69. James Montgomery (April 8, 2005). "Blink-182's Hoppus, Barker Form Electronic Side Project". MTV News. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
  70. 1 2 Jason Lipshutz (September 16, 2011). "Blink-182: The Billboard Cover Story". Billboard. Archived from the original on February 24, 2013. Retrieved September 17, 2011.
  71. Jim Davenport (September 20, 2008). "Learjet crash in South Carolina kills 4". Houston Chronicle . Retrieved July 15, 2011.[ permanent dead link ]
  72. James Montgomery (June 16, 2005). "Mark Hoppus Throws House Party For Motion City Soundtrack". MTV News. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved November 4, 2012.
  73. Montgomery, James. "Exclusive: Mark Hoppus Talks Blink-182 Reunion". MTV.com. MTV. Archived from the original on September 23, 2014. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
  74. "Producer Jerry Finn Taken Off Life Support". Billboard. August 13, 2008. Archived from the original on May 30, 2013. Retrieved July 15, 2011.
  75. Geoff Boucher and Jennifer Oldham (September 21, 2008). "Four die in plane crash; rock star, DJ survive". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on August 15, 2010. Retrieved July 15, 2011.
  76. 1 2 3 Erica Futterman (August 6, 2009). "Blink-182 on Drugs, Barker's Crash: "Human Life Trumps Everything"". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on September 25, 2011. Retrieved July 15, 2011.
  77. 1 2 Steve Appleford (March 1, 2011). "Travis Barker on His Painful Recovery, Solo Disc, New Blink-182 Album and More". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on July 5, 2011. Retrieved July 15, 2011.
  78. 1 2 "It's Like The Last Five Years Never Happened ...". Kerrang! . No. 1317. Bauer Media Group. June 16, 2010.
  79. Scott Heisel (February 19, 2009). "A conversation with Blink-182's Mark Hoppus". Alternative Press . Archived from the original on June 14, 2011. Retrieved July 15, 2011.
  80. Arroyave, Luis (April 26, 2010). "Tom DeLonge glad he's back with Blink". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012.
  81. Kaufman, Gil (February 8, 2009). "Blink-182 Confirm Reunion on Grammy Stage". MTV News. Archived from the original on June 8, 2012. Retrieved June 10, 2011.
  82. "Blink-182 Given July 31 Deadline to Finish Their New Album". NME.com. NME. May 26, 2011. Archived from the original on May 29, 2011. Retrieved June 10, 2011.
  83. "Travis Barker On UK Tour Travel Plans: "There's Only One Way"". RadioX.com. November 9, 2016. Retrieved January 2, 2020.
  84. Dan Hyman (November 13, 2012). "Blink-182 EP 'A Hundred Times Better' Than Neighborhoods, Says Travis Barker". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on June 8, 2017. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
  85. Keith Caulfield (October 5, 2011). "J. Cole Debuts at No. 1 on Billboard 200, Blink-182 Snags No. 2". Billboard . Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  86. Sarah Maloy (December 13, 2012). "Blink-182 'Laughing' Again After Shaky Reunion Album". Billboard. Archived from the original on March 11, 2013. Retrieved December 13, 2012.
  87. 1 2 Bush, John. "Blink-182 | Biography & History". AllMusic . Archived from the original on January 13, 2015. Retrieved July 2, 2015.
  88. Kevin O'Donnell (May 23, 2011). "Blink-182 to Tour with My Chemical Romance". Spin . Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
  89. "Blink-182 announce two intimate July UK dates". NME. IPC Media. May 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 18, 2012. Retrieved September 17, 2012.
  90. James Montgomery (September 12, 2013). "Blink-182 Rock Brooklyn At 9/11 Benefit Show". MTV News. Archived from the original on September 15, 2013. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  91. "Travis Barker Will Miss Blink-182's Australia Tour". Rolling Stone . February 18, 2013. Archived from the original on December 16, 2013. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
  92. Chris Lee (October 25, 2013). "Blink-182 announces two additional L.A. performances". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on October 30, 2013. Retrieved November 7, 2013.
  93. Alice Vincent (December 4, 2013). "Blink 182 to headline Reading and Leeds Festival 2014". The Daily Telegraph . Archived from the original on December 4, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  94. James Montgomery (October 24, 2012). "Exclusive: Blink-182 Talk Split With Interscope Records". MTV News. Archived from the original on October 26, 2012. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
  95. Dan Hyman (November 13, 2012). "Blink-182 EP 'A Hundred Times Better' Than Neighborhoods, Says Travis Barker". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on June 8, 2017. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  96. Andy Greene (January 27, 2015). "Flashback: Is This Blink-182's Final Performance With Tom DeLonge?". Rolling Stone . Retrieved January 27, 2015.
  97. Patrick Doyle (April 27, 2016). "Inside Tom DeLonge's UFO Obsession, Blink-182 Turmoil". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on July 7, 2017. Retrieved July 4, 2017. The band has always been dysfunctional...
  98. 1 2 3 Andy Biddulph (June 21, 2016). "The Pursuit of Happiness". Rock Sound : 56–65. Archived from the original on July 25, 2018. Retrieved July 2, 2017.
  99. Barker Travis & Edwards, Gavin (ed.) (October 20, 2015). Can I Say: Living Large, Cheating Death, and Drums, Drums, Drums. HarperCollins. p. 355. ISBN   978-0062319425.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  100. 1 2 "Well Ice Guess This Is Growing Up". Kerrang! . No. 1532. Bauer Media Group. August 27, 2014. pp. 18–23. Archived from the original on August 30, 2014. Retrieved August 27, 2014.
  101. Jennyfer J. Walker (August 21, 2013). "Everybody Likes You When You're 21". Kerrang! . Bauer Media Group. p. 7.
  102. 1 2 Jason Newman (January 26, 2015). "Blink-182's Hoppus, Barker Blast 'Ungrateful, Disingenuous' Tom DeLonge". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on January 27, 2015. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
  103. Jason Newman (January 27, 2015). "Blink-182's Tom DeLonge Defends Himself Against Bandmates' Accusations". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on January 28, 2015. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
  104. Graff, Gary (September 1, 2014). "Tom DeLonge Is 'Totally Willing and Interested' in Playing With Former Blink-182 Bandmates Again". Billboard . Retrieved April 27, 2016.
  105. Julio Diaz (April 27, 2017). "From 'California' to Pensacola, Blink-182 is back". Pensacola News Journal . Retrieved July 2, 2017.
  106. Butler, Will (July 22, 2015). "Blink 182 to hit studio in August with Matt Skiba". Gigwise . Archived from the original on July 24, 2015. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
  107. Rogan, Joe. "Travis Barker on Tom Delonge's UFO Fascination | Joe Rogan". YouTube. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  108. Meta. "Tom DeLonge - To The Stars (Meta Documentary - 2019)". YouTube. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  109. Sherman, Maria (February 29, 2016). "John Feldmann On Blink-182: Travis Barker Is 'The Best Drummer To Have Ever Lived'". Fuse.com. Archived from the original on March 24, 2016. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
  110. Winwood, Ian (March 16, 2016). "Blink-18News". Kerrang! (1611). p. 6.
  111. Baltin, Steve (April 29, 2016). "Blink-182 Take It Back To The Beginning With New Album". Forbes . Archived from the original on April 30, 2016. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  112. Caulfield, Keith (July 11, 2016). "Blink-182 Bumps Drake from No. 1 on Billboard 200 Albums Chart". Billboard . Prometheus Global Media. Archived from the original on July 11, 2016. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
  113. Rob Copsey (July 8, 2016). "Blink-182 score first UK Number 1 album: "We're so excited and thankful"". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on July 10, 2016. Retrieved July 8, 2016.
  114. Kevin Rutherford (June 28, 2016). "Blink-182 Tops Alternative Songs Chart for First Time in 12 Years". Billboard . Archived from the original on February 17, 2017. Retrieved July 3, 2017.
  115. Staff (April 27, 2016). "Blink-182 to Tour with A Day To Remember & All Time Low". Radio.com. Archived from the original on April 28, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
  116. Emily Carter (November 6, 2016). "blink-182 Announce Huge UK Headline Tour". Kerrang! . Archived from the original on November 10, 2016. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
  117. "California Screaming!". Kerrang! (1665). April 8, 2017.
  118. Baltin, Steve (December 20, 2016). "Blink-182 Breaks Down Forthcoming Deluxe Edition of 'California': 'It's Like a Whole Other Album'". Billboard . Archived from the original on January 18, 2017. Retrieved January 13, 2017.
  119. Andrew Unterberger (December 6, 2016). "Here Is the Complete List of Nominees for the 2017 Grammys". Billboard. Archived from the original on December 6, 2016. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
  120. Damante, Mike (July 1, 2016). "New music roundup: blink-182, the Interrupters, letlive". Houston Chronicle . Retrieved July 1, 2016.
  121. Anthony, David (July 1, 2016). "California · Blink-182 · Music". The A.V. Club . Archived from the original on July 2, 2016. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
  122. Kaufman, Gil (May 8, 2019). "Blink-182 Release Nostalgic New Track 'Blame It On My Youth': Listen". Billboard . Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  123. 1 2 Allen, Matt (August 28, 2019). "Nine Lives". Kerrang! . No. 1788. London: Wasted Talent Ltd. pp. 24–31. ISSN   0262-6624.
  124. Appleford, Steve (September 11, 2019). "Blink-182 were goof-punks with cute videos. Twenty years later, they're having the last laugh". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on September 12, 2019. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  125. Shaffer, Claire (May 6, 2019). "Blink-182, Lil Wayne Announce Co-Headlining Summer Tour". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on May 9, 2019. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  126. Tracy, Brianne (December 6, 2019). "Blink-182 Releases New Christmas Song, Collaborations with XXXTentacion and The Chainsmokers". People. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  127. Zemler, Emily (August 23, 2019). "Hear Blink-182, Lil Wayne Mash Up 'What's My Age Again' and 'A Milli'". Rolling Stone . Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  128. Rowley, Glenn (October 30, 2019). "Goody Grace Enlists Blink-182 For Somber 'Scumbag' Song and Video: Watch". Billboard . Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  129. Pedrosa, Marina (November 9, 2018). "Steve Aoki and Blink-182 Team Up For 'Why Are We So Broken': Listen". Billboard . Archived from the original on June 21, 2019. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  130. Daly, Rhian (May 29, 2020). "Blink-182 appear on new remix of Powfu and Beabadoobee collab". NME . Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  131. Hartmann, Graham (July 24, 2020). "Blink-182 Collaborate With 'Living Meme' Oliver Tree on 'Let Me Down' Remix". Loudwire . Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  132. Bein, Kat (December 2, 2019). "The Chainsmokers Announce New Collab With Blink-182". Billboard . Archived from the original on December 3, 2019. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  133. Rosen, Jody (June 25, 2019). "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
  134. Rettig, James (August 7, 2020). "Blink-182 – "Quarantine"". Stereogum . Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  135. "blink-182's Mark Hoppus Has Given An Update On The Band's Upcoming New EP - News". Rock Sound Magazine.
  136. "Travis Barker Confirms New Blink-182 Album Coming This Year". Loudwire.
  137. Neale, Matthew (June 23, 2021). "Blink-182's Mark Hoppus confirms cancer diagnosis: "I'm trying to remain hopeful and positive"". NME.
  138. Richard Harrington (June 11, 2004). "Seriously, Blink-182 Is Growing Up (Page 2 of 2)". The Washington Post . Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
  139. Jon Wiederhorn (December 1, 2003). "Coincidence? Blink-182 Releasing 'I Miss You' When Barker Takes Break". MTV News. Archived from the original on April 29, 2014. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
  140. Lewis, Randy (January 26, 2015). "'I never quit the band,' says Blink-182's Tom DeLonge". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on March 30, 2018. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
  141. Caramanica, Jon (June 29, 2016). "In Blink-182's 'California,' a Melancholy Nostalgia". The New York Times . Archived from the original on June 29, 2016. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
  142. Harrington, Richard (June 11, 2004). "Seriously, Blink-182 Is Growing Up". The Washington Post . Archived from the original on March 30, 2018. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
  143. "Punk-Pop Music Genre Overview". AllMusic .
  144. Wartofsky, Alona (September 18, 1999). "Marilyn Manson as JFK: Metaphor or Mockery?". The Washington Post . Archived from the original on December 27, 2017. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
  145. "Blink-182 knocks Drake off Billboard 200 perch". Stuff.co.nz . July 12, 2016. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
  146. Phillips, Dom (September 15, 1999). "Blink 182". The Guardian . Archived from the original on March 30, 2018. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
  147. "Vans Warped Tour
    Blink 182 returns to rock festival; band is loud scream of today's punk-rock youth"
    . DeseretNews.com. July 9, 1999. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  148. Complex Mag. "Stream The Entire blink-182 Album 'Neighborhoods' Now". Complex. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  149. "Allentown Fair lists grandstand attractions". tribunedigital-mcall. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  150. Wright, Jade (March 2, 2012). "Blink 182 tell why they owe it all to The Beatles ahead of ECHO arena show". Liverpool Echo . Archived from the original on April 3, 2018. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  151. Moss, Corey (April 16, 2001). "Members Of Blink-182, Go-Go's Remember Joey Ramone". MTV. Archived from the original on July 26, 2018. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  152. "Blink 182 Answer Their Most Googled Questions | According To Google | Radio X". YouTube. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  153. "Kerrang! Radio: Matt Stocks Meets Mark Hoppus From Blink-182 (Part 2)". YouTube. October 28, 2011. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  154. "Mark Hoppus on the Cure". Alternative Press . No. 252. July 1, 2009. p. 108.
  155. "Tom DeLonge on the return of Angels & Airwaves, his declassified UFO videos and Blink-182". NME Music News, Reviews, Videos, Galleries, Tickets and Blogs | NME.COM. June 10, 2019. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
  156. "Blink-182 – Similar Artists". AllMusic . Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  157. Edwards, Gavin (January 20, 2000). "Punk Guitar + Fart Jokes = Blink-182". Rolling Stone . Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  158. 1 2 Laura Leebove (October 17, 2014). "Record Club: How 'Enema of the State' Changed Tom Delonge's Life". Wondering Sound. Archived from the original on October 18, 2014. Retrieved October 17, 2014.
  159. "MTV Music – Blink–182: Enema of the Stage". MTV. Archived from the original on December 30, 2002. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
  160. Martens, Todd (September 17, 2010). "Don't listen to me, I have Screeching Weasel tattooed on my arm, but ..." Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on March 30, 2018. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
  161. Roos, John (December 21, 1995). "OC LIVE : POP MUSIC : Punk Evolution: Blink-182 Adds Melody, Humor". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  162. Reed, Ryan (December 10, 2018). "Tom DeLonge Producing Paranormal Series 'Strange Times' for TBS". Rolling Stone . Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  163. Greenwald, Andy (2003). Nothing Feels Good: Punk Rock, Teenagers, and Emo . New York: St. Martin's Griffin. p. 2. ISBN   0-312-30863-9.
  164. "Blink-182: Inside Enema". Kerrang! (1586): 24–25. September 16, 2015.
  165. 1 2 Kyle Ryan (October 8, 2013). "Blink-182 took punk to No. 1 for the first time with a masturbation pun". The A.V. Club . Retrieved October 8, 2013. Looking back, I realize that underneath the usual bawdy humor...
  166. 1 2 Appleford, Steve (April 29, 2016). "Blink-182 Celebrate Rebirth at Goofy L.A. Karaoke Bash". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on April 29, 2016. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
  167. "Blink-182 Article". Alternative Press . Cleveland, Ohio: Alternative Press Magazine, Inc. (134). September 1999. ISSN   1065-1667.
  168. 1 2 Nitsuh Abebe (September 25, 2011). "Sentimental Education". New York . Archived from the original on September 6, 2012. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  169. Hoppus, Mark (2000). Blink-182: The Mark Tom and Travis Show 2000 Official Program. MCA Records. p. 17.
  170. Footman, Tim (September 1, 2002). Blink-182: The Unauthorised Biography in Words and Pictures. Chrome Dreams. p. 42. ISBN   978-1-84240-168-2.
  171. Nathan Brackett. (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. New York: Fireside, 904 pp. First edition, 2004.
  172. Shooman, 2010. p. 85
  173. James Montgomery (September 15, 2011). "Blink-182's Neighborhoods: Death And All His Friends". MTV News. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  174. Hughes, Hilary (April 29, 2016). "Blink-182 Q&A: Why Their New 'California' Album 'Feels Like Home'". Fuse.com. Archived from the original on May 1, 2016. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  175. 1 2 3 4 5 Lewis, Luke (November 1, 2003). "Blink-182". Total Guitar . No. 116. pp. 44–49. ISSN   1355-5049.
  176. "Ernie Ball: The Pursuit of Tone". ErnieBall.com . Archived from the original on January 29, 2017. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  177. Bennett, Dan (2008). The Total Rock Bassist, p.63. Alfred. ISBN   0-7390-5269-1.
  178. D'Auria, Jon (May 30, 2019). "Mark Hoppus: What's My Age Again?". Bass Magazine. Archived from the original on July 8, 2019. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  179. Heller, Greg (June 2001). "All the Big Things". Alternative Press . No. 155. Alternative Magazines Inc. pp. 56–64. ISSN   1065-1667.
  180. Doerschuk, Andy (April 18, 2011). "Punk Drumming Grows Up". Drum! . Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  181. Chamberlain, Rich (September 25, 2017). "Travis Barker: "I would love to do a jazz project. That would be so much fun."". MusicRadar. Archived from the original on September 27, 2017. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  182. Barnes, Chris (November 1, 2006). "Interview: Travis Barker". Rhythm . No. 131. pp. 42–47. ISSN   0957-6592.
  183. Rotter, Jeffery (November 1999). Naughty by Nature. Spin . Retrieved September 7, 2012.
  184. 1 2 "30 Most Influential Bands of the Past 30 Years". Alternative Press . May 2015. pp. 87–89.
  185. Romanowski, Patricia. George-Warren, Holly. Pareles, Jon. (2001). The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll (Revised and Updated for the 21st Century). New York: Touchstone, 1136 pp. First edition, 2001.
  186. Leighton, Ken (September 14, 2011). "Naming Rights". San Diego Reader . Archived from the original on February 15, 2013. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
  187. Kelefa Sanneh (July 17, 2016). "Good Clean Punk". The New Yorker . Archived from the original on July 21, 2016. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
  188. Wells, Steven (June 18, 2001). "Take Off Your Pants and Jacket: Review". NME . London: IPC Media. ISSN   1049-0434. Archived from the original on February 15, 2013. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
  189. Greenwald, Andy (November 2005). "Mile-High Club". Blender . Alpha Media Group. p. 163.
  190. Frehsée, Nicole (March 5, 2009). "Pop-Punk Kings Blink-182: Reunited and Ready to Party Like It's 1999" (PDF). Rolling Stone . No. 1073. New York City: Wenner Media LLC. p. 20. ISSN   0035-791X. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 13, 2013. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
  191. 1 2 3 Maria Sherman (September 11, 2013). "I Was in an All-Girl Blink-182 Cover Band Called Dumpweed". The Village Voice . Archived from the original on September 13, 2013. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  192. Scott Heisel (July 2009). "Back Together for the Kids". Alternative Press . pp. 110–118.
  193. Emily Zemler (October 3, 2005). "Artist of the Day: Panic! at the Disco". Spin . Archived from the original on October 2, 2015. Retrieved March 20, 2011.
  194. Browne, Nichola (November 20, 2005). "Punk Rock! Nudity! Filthy Sex! Tom DeLonge Looks Back On Blink-182's Greatest Moments". Kerrang! . No. 1083. London: Bauer Media Group. ISSN   0262-6624.
  195. Archived May 2, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Influences: Avril Lavigne
  196. Archived August 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine "...In high school I listened to Pennywise, Blink 182 and the Dixie Chicks."
  197. Mischa Pearlman (September 12, 2013). "What's Their Age Again? Blink-182's Songs Prove Timeless at Brooklyn Charity Gig". The Hollywood Reporter . Archived from the original on February 27, 2014. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  198. Muller, Marissa G. (January 25, 2013). "Five Albums That Influenced FIDLAR's Debut". MTV. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved September 28, 2016.
  199. @NeckDeepUK (May 6, 2019). "This is really, truly a thing that is happening" (Tweet). Retrieved May 4, 2021 via Twitter.
  200. "Mumford & Sons Discuss Their Love for Blink 182". MTV News. August 31, 2012. Archived from the original on September 1, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
  201. Emily Mack (August 31, 2016). "A Day To Remember Talk Life On The Road With Blink-182, Aussie Tour Plans & How Their New Album Saved The Band". MusicFeeds . Retrieved May 6, 2020.
  202. Jocelyn Vena (July 11, 2012). "Owl City Says Mark Hoppus Collaboration Is Like A 'Rarity Blink Track'". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 16, 2014. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  203. Mandel, Leah (March 13, 2017). "Meet Charly Bliss, Pop-Punk Idols In Training". The Fader. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  204. Nick Murray (June 7, 2017). "Why Pop-Punk Is Country Music's Next Frontier". Pitchfork Media. Archived from the original on June 8, 2017. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
  205. Unterberger, Andrew (September 21, 2018). "This Is Post-Growing Up: Joyce Manor's Story Gets Boring So Their Songs and Crowds Don't Have To". Billboard. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  206. 1 2 Lauren Nostro. "How Blink 182's "I Miss You" Inspired The Chainsmokers And Halsey's "Closer"". Genius. Archived from the original on August 11, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2016.
  207. 1 2 Filled-in for Barker at Warped Tour in 1999.
  208. MTV News staff. "Blink-182: Enema of the Stage". MTV News. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2010.
  209. Filled-in for Barker for a few shows when he couldn't make it including Warped Tour in 1999, as well as on the Australian Tour from February 20 until March 4, 2013, as Barker still had a fear of flying.

Bibliography