TheAmerican Institute of Architects (AIA) is a professional organization for architects in the United States. Headquartered in Washington, D.C., the AIA offers education, government advocacy, community redevelopment, and public outreach to support the architecture profession and improve its public image. The AIA also works with other members of the design and construction team to help coordinate the building industry.
The AIA is currently headed by Robert Ivy, FAIA as EVP/Chief Executive Officer and L. Jane Frederick, FAIA as 2020 AIA President, with Peter Kuttner, FAIA as Chancellor.
The American Institute of Architects was founded in New York City in 1857 by a group of 13 architects to "promote the scientific and practical perfection of its members" and "elevate the standing of the profession."This initial group included Charles Babcock, Henry W. Cleaveland, Henry Dudley, Leopold Eidlitz, Edward Gardiner, Richard Morris Hunt, Fred A. Petersen, Jacob Wrey Mould, John Welch, Richard M. Upjohn and Joseph C. Wells, with Richard Upjohn serving as the first president. They met on February 23, 1857, and decided to invite 16 other prominent architects to join them, including Alexander Jackson Davis, Thomas U. Walter, and Calvert Vaux. Prior to their establishment of the AIA, anyone could claim to be an architect, as there were no schools of architecture or architectural licensing laws in the United States.
They drafted a constitution and bylaws by March 10, 1857, under the name New York Society of Architects. Thomas U. Walter, of Philadelphia, later suggested the name be changed to American Institute of Architects. The members signed the new constitution on April 15, 1857, having filed a certificate of incorporation two days earlier.The constitution was amended the following year with the mission "to promote the artistic, scientific, and practical profession of its members; to facilitate their intercourse and good fellowship; to elevate the standing of the profession; and to combine the efforts of those engaged in the practice of Architecture, for the general advancement of the Art." Architects in other cities were asking to join in the 1860s, by the 1880s chapters had been formed in Albany, Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Indianapolis, Philadelphia, Rhode Island, San Francisco, St. Louis, and Washington, D.C. As of 2008, AIA had more than 300 chapters.
The AIA is headquartered at 1735 New York Avenue, NW in Washington, D.C. A design competition was held in the mid-1960s to select an architect for a new AIA headquarters in Washington. Mitchell/Giurgola won the design competition but failed to get approval of the design concept from the United States Commission of Fine Arts. The firm resigned the commission and helped select The Architects Collaborative (TAC) to redesign the building. The design, led by TAC principals Norman Fletcher and Howard Elkus, was ultimately approved in 1970 and completed in 1973. In honor of the 150th anniversary of the organization, the building was formally renamed in 2007 the "American Center for Architecture" and is also home to the American Institute of Architecture Students, the Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture and the National Architectural Accrediting Board.
More than 90,000 licensed architects and associated professionals are members. AIA members adhere to a code of ethics and professional conduct intended to assure clients, the public, and colleagues of an architect's dedication to the highest standards in professional practice.
There are five levels of membership in the AIA:
There is no National AIA membership category for students, but they can become members of the American Institute of Architecture Students and many local and state chapters of the AIA have student membership categories.
The AIA's most prestigious honor is the designation (FAIA) of a member as a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects. This membership is awarded to members who have made contributions of national significance to the profession. Slightly more than 2,600, or 2% of all members, have been elevated to the AIA College of Fellows. Foreign architects of prominence may be elected to the College as Honorary Fellows of the AIA.
The AIA is governed by a Board of Directors and has a staff of more than 200 employees.Although the AIA functions as a national organization, its 217 local and state chapters provide members with programming and direct services to support them throughout their professional lives. The chapters cover the entirety of the United States and its territories. Components also operate in the United Kingdom, Continental Europe, the Middle East, Japan, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Canada.
By speaking with a united voice, AIA architects influence government practices that affect the practice of the profession and the quality of American life. The AIA monitors legislative and regulatory actions and uses the collective power of its membership to participate in decision making by federal, state, and local policy makers. To serve the public, the AIA's community-based programs work with federal legislators and local governments to elevate the design of public spaces, protect the nation's infrastructure, and develop well-designed affordable housing for all Americans.
The American Institute of Architects announced in June 2013 at CGI America (an annual event of the Clinton Global Initiative) the creation of "Designing Recovery," a design contest in partnership with the charities Make It Right, SBP, and Architecture for Humanity.Sponsored by Dow Building Solutions, a total of $30,000 in prize money was divided equally among three winning designs in New Orleans, Louisiana, Joplin, Missouri, and New York City. Entrants submitted single-family housing designs with the objective of "improving the quality, diversity and resiliency of the housing in each community." Organizers made the portfolio of designs (even from non-winners) available to communities recovering from natural disasters.
The AIA serves its members with professional development opportunities, contract documents that are the model for the design and construction industry, professional and design information services, personal benefits, and client-oriented resources.
In contributing to their profession and communities, AIA members also participate in professional interest areas from design to regional and urban development and professional academies that are both the source and focus of new ideas and responses. To aid younger professionals, an Intern Development Program, Architect Registration Exam preparation courses, and employment referral services are frequently offered by local components.
The AIA holds an annual conference in late spring / early summer that draws the largest gathering of architects in the world.
The AIA attempts to meet the needs and interests of the nation's architects and the public by raising public awareness of the value of architecture and the importance of good design. To mark the AIA's 150th anniversary and to showcase how AIA members have helped shape the built environment, the AIA and Harris Interactive released findings from a public poll that asked Americans to name their favorite 150 works of architecture.
Two of the AIA's public outreach efforts, the Blueprint for America nationwide community service initiative marking its 150th anniversary and the Sustainability 2030 Toolkit, a resource created to encourage mayors and community leaders to advocate environmentally friendly building design both earned an Award of Excellence in the 2007 Associations Advance America Awards, a national competition sponsored by the American Society of Association Executives and the Center for Association Leadership.
The AIA has long recognized individuals and organizations for their outstanding achievements in support of the architecture profession and the AIA.
Institute Honors: (for new and restoration projects anywhere in the world)
This award, recognizing architectural design of enduring significance, is conferred on a project that has stood the test of time for 25 to 35 years. The project must have been designed by an architect licensed in the United States at the time of the project's completion.
AIA Committee on the Environment
|Based in||Washington, DC|
Architect: The Journal of the American Institute of Architects is the official magazine of the AIA, published independently by Washington, D.C.-based business-to-business media company Hanley Wood, LLC. Architect hands out the annual Progressive Architecture Award, in addition to the R+D Awards(for research and development). Architect formerly conducted an Annual Design Review, which it described as "a unique barometer of the business of architecture."
Previously, the official publication of the American Institute of Architects was Architecture, which was preceded in turn by the Journal of the American Institute of Architects. Both publications are currently defunct.
The following people served as presidents, all of whom were elevated to Fellows of the American Institute of Architects:
Fellow of the American Institute of Architects (FAIA) is a postnominal title or membership, designating an individual who has been named a fellow of the American Institute of Architects.
The Australian Institute of Architects is a professional body for architects in Australia.
Thomas Vonier is a Paris-based architect and current president of the International Union of Architects.
Edward Hale Fickett, FAIA, was an American architect who was a consultant to federal and local governments in the United States and to President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Marshall Purnell is a prominent African-American architect and 2008 president of the American Institute of Architects.
The Center for Architecture and Design is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Center produces educational programs related to the topics of architecture, urban planning, and design, including talks, workshops, festivals, design competitions, and exhibitions. Their venue at 1218 Arch Street serves as a public forum as well as a home for the offices of the Center, for AIA Philadelphia, and for the Community Design Collaborative. The organization was founded in 2002 by the Philadelphia chapter of the American Institute of Architects (AIA).
R.E. Chisholm Architects, Inc. is a full-service architectural, interior design and urban design firm located in Miami, Florida. It was founded in 1982 by Robert E. Chisholm, FAIA. The firm was known as CSR Architects from 1983 through 1989. In 1989, the firm was incorporated and grew to its current status. Robert E. Chisholm originally adopted the firm philosophy of maintaining a variety of project types and experience which would develop the thinking and attitude of the firm in a consistent direction of architects in responsible leadership of each project. Chisholm Architects has designed numerous projects which include offices, restaurants, theaters, schools, university facilities, medical centers, commercial & retail sites, institutional & cultural centers, single and multi-unit residences, rapid transit stations, and aviation facilities. In 1996 Robert E. Chisholm was named Fellow of the American Institute of Architects, the highest honor attainable in this 150-year-old organization and in 2007, Mr. Chisholm was awarded the State of Florida AIA Silver Medal for Architecture.
Robert Ivy (FAIA) is the Executive Vice President and Chief Executive Officer of the American Institute of Architects (AIA) since 2011.
Brooks + Scarpa is an American architectural firm based in Los Angeles, California, and Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, USA. The firm was chosen as the 2014 Smithsonian Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum Award Winner in Architecture. In 2010 they were the recipient of the American Institute of Architects (AIA) Firm Award. Los Angeles projects completed by the firm include the Solar Umbrella home in Venice, California, the Orange Grove lofts in West Hollywood and the Colorado housing project in Santa Monica.
The USC School of Architecture is the architecture school at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, California. It is one of USC's 17 professional schools, offering both undergraduate and graduate degrees in the fields of architecture, building science, landscape architecture and heritage conservation.
archimania is a collective of architects and designers in downtown Memphis, Tennessee’s South Main Historic Arts District. The collective was founded in 1995 and is led by Todd Walker, FAIA, and Barry Alan Yoakum, FAIA.
Frank Harmon is a writer, architect, professor and public speaker in Raleigh, North Carolina.
Patrick Tighe, FAIA, FAAR is an American architect and interior designer based in Los Angeles, California. He is the founder and principal of Tighe Architecture. Tighe was born in Lowell, Massachusetts. He received a Master of Architecture with Distinction from UCLA. Tighe worked for Frank O. Gehry & Associates, and was an associate of Thom Mayne’s Morphosis Architects for 7 years before leaving to found Tighe Architecture.
Scott Simons, FAIA is an American architect and planner based in Portland, Maine. He is a principal partner and founder of Scott Simons Architects.
Charles Burton "Chuck" Thomsen FAIA FCMAA is an American architect, construction manager, corporate executive and educator. He is the son of Fred Charles Thomsen and Sunbeam Burton Thomsen.
Roger K. Lewis, FAIA is an architect and urban planner, and a professor emeritus of architecture at the University of Maryland, College Park, where he taught architectural design and other courses for 37 years, retiring in 2006. Also an author, journalist and cartoonist, Lewis writes about architecture and urban design, and about how public policy shapes the built environment.
Susan A. Maxman is an American architect who founded a firm called Susan Maxman Architects in 1985, which she expanded to Susan Maxman & Partners Ltd in 1995. Her firm is associated with a large number of projects involving a wide spectrum of architectural services, including design of old and new buildings, restoration and rehabilitation works, master and site planning, feasibility reports, programming, historic preservation, and interior design. She was the first woman elected as president of the American Institute of Architects in 1992. Her expertise in adoption of the "principles of sustainable design" in her projects has received national appreciation, and in 2011 Maxman was nominated by President Barack Obama to the Board of Directors of the National Institute of Building Sciences.
Annie Chu FAIA is a Chinese-American architect, interior designer and academic in Los Angeles who is known for "the fusion of art and design." As a dedicated educator working across the country and abroad, Chu was recognized as a 2016 Presidential Honoree of the Los Angeles chapter of the American Institute of Architects (AIA) Distinguished Educator Award, “For me the teaching part is very important." Chu later got appointed Vice President of the International Interior Design Association (IIDA) Board of Directors which supports clients through a network of 15,000+ members across 58 countries. She also is recognized for design excellence, her passion, talent, and dedication in making an undeniable contribution to the city of Los Angeles. She provides a supportive voice for women designers. "Perhaps they are more likely to listen and empathize, and to find ways to integrate responses into design and project management."
Urban Design Associates is an international urban design and architecture firm headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
George Thomas Rockrise, FAIA, ASLA, AICP was an American architect, landscape architect, and urban planner of Japanese descent based in San Francisco, California. During his career he practiced both nationally and internationally, had a distinguished career in public service, and received numerous honors and awards.