BBC Scotland

Last updated

BBC Scotland
TV stations BBC One Scotland
BBC Scotland
BBC Alba
Radio stations BBC Radio Scotland,
BBC Radio nan Gàidheal
Headquarters BBC Pacific Quay, Glasgow
Area Scotland
Key people
Steve Carson
(Director, BBC Scotland)
Launch date
1 January 1968 (1968-01-01)
Official website
www.bbc.co.uk/scotland OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
LanguageEnglish
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig)

BBC Scotland is a division of the BBC and the main public broadcaster in Scotland.

Contents

It is one of the four BBC national regions, together with the BBC English Regions, BBC Cymru Wales and BBC Northern Ireland. Its headquarters are in Glasgow, it employs approximately 1,250 staff as of 2017, to produce 15,000 hours of television and radio programming per year. [1] Some £320 million of licence fee revenue is raised in Scotland, with expenditure on purely local content set to stand at £86 million by 2016-17. [2] The remainder of licence fee revenue raised in the country is spent on networked programmes shown throughout the UK.

BBC Scotland operates television channels such as the Scottish variant of BBC One, the BBC Scotland channel and the Scottish Gaelic-language channel BBC Alba, and radio stations BBC Radio Scotland and Gaelic-language BBC Radio nan Gaidheal.

Queen Margaret Drive Queen Margaret Drive.jpg
Queen Margaret Drive

Early history

The first radio service in Scotland was launched by the British Broadcasting Company on 6 March 1923. [3] Named 5SC and located in Bath Street in Glasgow, the services gradually expanded to include the new stations 2BD, 2DE and 2EH, based at Aberdeen, Dundee and Edinburgh respectively. [3] Around 1927, the new Corporation, as the BBC now was, decided to combine these local stations into regions under the generic banner of the BBC Regional Programme. Regional programmes throughout the UK were merged to form the BBC Home Service in 1939, and, with a break for the Second World War, national opt outs remained on the station and its successor BBC Radio 4 until the establishment of a separate BBC Radio Scotland in November 1978.[ citation needed ]

Television in Scotland began formally on 14 March 1952 using the 405-line television system broadcast from the Kirk o'Shotts transmitter. [3] In the beginning all programmes came from London but some with Scottish content were made using an outside broadcast unit. Eventually, BBC Scotland established the right to "opt-out" of the network more and more. When BBC Two arrived in Scotland in 1966 (having begun in London two years earlier and spread across the country), broadcasts began in black and white on 625-lines CCIR System I from the Black Hill transmitter. BBC Two upgraded to PAL colour in 1967 (including Scotland) across the UK, with BBC One (network programmes only at first, with local output still in black-and-white) and STV following in December 1969, and in 1971, BBC Scotland's Queen Margaret Drive Studio "A" in Glasgow became one of the first regional studios in Britain to upgrade to colour. [3]

In September 1998, BBC Choice Scotland was launched as BBC Scotland's first digital service. [4]

For many years, BBC Scotland has tried to increase the number of programmes it makes to be shown on the networks. This ambition was greatly aided by the move of BBC Scotland's headquarters in 2007 from Queen Margaret Drive to BBC Pacific Quay where state of the art digital studios were built and by the decision of the BBC centrally to move a number of programme departments, such as Children's, out of London.[ citation needed ]

Current services

Television

BBC Scotland broadcasts three television services to Scottish audiences. BBC One Scotland is a separate channel able to opt out of the network feed of BBC One to broadcast its own schedule of regional programming in addition to networked productions. The flagship news programme Reporting Scotland is presented by Laura Miller and Sally Magnusson.[ citation needed ]

BBC Scotland operates BBC Alba, broadcasting programming in Gaelic for up to seven hours a day. The channel is a joint partnership between BBC Scotland and MG Alba and is available across the UK on satellite and cable services and Freeview in Scotland only. During downtime, BBC Alba simulcasts Gaelic radio station BBC Radio nan Gàidheal with an in-vision graphical overlay. Prior to digital switchover, some Gaelic programming was carried on BBC Two Scotland, however this ceased following the switchover.[ citation needed ]

Thirdly, the BBC Scotland channel commenced broadcasting at 7:00 p.m. on Sunday 24 February 2019. On 22 February 2017, director general Tony Hall announced plans to launch a dedicated English-language BBC Scotland channel in 2018, which would replace the BBC Two Scotland opt-out. It would broadcast from 7:00 p.m. to midnight nightly, and feature a lineup composed entirely of new and archived Scottish programming, including a new hour-long 9:00 p.m. weeknight newscast that will be produced from Scotland. The proposed newscast been considered a response to the perennial proposals for a local opt-out of the BBC News at Six . Hall also announced that the BBC would increase its overall spending on factual and drama productions in Scotland by £20 million annually. [5] [6] The BBC Scotland channel was approved by Ofcom in June 2018, and subsequently launched on 24 February 2019. The channel is allocated £32 million in annual funding, and its SD variant has displaced BBC Four on the Freeview EPG. [7] [8]

Radio

BBC Scotland also operates two radio stations covering Scotland: BBC Radio Scotland and BBC Radio nan Gàidheal. The former broadcasts English programming 24 hours a day on the frequencies 92-95 FM and 810 MW. The station has specific programming opt outs for Orkney and Shetland in addition to regional news opt outs for four additional sub regions - North East, Highlands & Islands, South West and Borders. BBC Radio nan Gàidheal in contrast is a Gaelic-language station broadcasting for the majority of the day on 103.5-105 FM and simulcasting Radio Scotland's MW service at other times.[ citation needed ]

Online and interactive

BBC Scotland operates a mini site on BBC Online consisting of a portal to Scottish news, sport, programmes and items of cultural interest through BBC Online. The department also provides content from Scotland on these subjects to the website and for the BBC Red Button interactive TV service.[ citation needed ]

BBC Scotland previously offered a podcast download of the top news items of the week [9] and the online streaming of several key sections of output. However following the widespread introduction of the BBC iPlayer service, which allowed the streaming and download of nearly all BBC programmes including news, these services were discontinued as defunct.

BBC The Social is a digital content stream from BBC Scotland aimed at 18-34 year olds. Working with new and emerging talent, The Social develops daily content on a range of subjects including issues, comedy, music, lifestyle and gaming. Launched in December 2015, The Social won a Royal Television Scotland award for Best Digital Innovation in 2016 and another in 2018 for the shortform drama Kidder. [10]

In June 2018, the BBC announced the formation of a third "digital hub" in Glasgow, which will facilitate design and engineering of BBC digital platforms. [11]

Studios – past and present

BBC Scotland's former headquarters on Queen Margaret Drive, Glasgow BBC Scotland - geograph.org.uk - 593876.jpg
BBC Scotland's former headquarters on Queen Margaret Drive, Glasgow

When BBC Television first came to Scotland, there were no dedicated studios and Scotland shared an outside broadcast unit with BBC North in Manchester. Apart from a limited news service, all programmes about Scotland had to be transmitted from London and had to have an appeal to a UK audience.[ citation needed ]

When the new commercial broadcaster, Scottish Television, was about to arrive in 1957, BBC Scotland managed to produce slightly improved news coverage by a complicated arrangement involving the newsroom in Queen Margaret Drive in the west of the city and the former Black Cat Cinema in Springfield Road in the east where the White Heather Club was made.[ citation needed ]

In the early 60s, the BBC acquired land adjacent to its Queen Margaret Drive base and eventually three colour studios were built together with significant radio facilities and a Film Unit with its own film processing. The BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra and the BBC Scottish Radio Orchestra had access to a large sound studio - Studio 1.[ citation needed ]

A constant theme of the early days of BBC Scotland was where its headquarters should be sited – Edinburgh or Glasgow? On a number of occasions, Edinburgh had victory snatched from its grasp.[ citation needed ]

BBC Scotland's headquarters are currently located at BBC Pacific Quay on the banks of the River Clyde in Glasgow. [3] [12] The studio centre was constructed between 2004 and 2006 and was opened in 2007. [13] Designed by David Chipperfield [12] and reportedly costing £188 million, [13] [14] the studio contains three television studios and five radio studios as well as the first HD newsroom used by the BBC. [15]

BBC Pacific Quay is now one of the busiest studio facilities in Scotland, home to many in-house and independent productions over the years including:

Upon the launch of the BBC in Scotland in 1923, the service originally occupied Rex House at 202 Bath Street, Glasgow, before moving to properties in Blythswood Square and subsequently in West George Street. [3] In 1929, the decision was made to move the headquarters operation to Queen Street, Edinburgh, where the Edinburgh station had been based since 1924 [3] [16] following a move from the original 79 George Street premises. [3] However, in 1935 the BBC acquired Queen Margaret College at North Park House, Queen Margaret Drive, Glasgow, near to the Glasgow Botanic Gardens, and the headquarters operation moved back to Glasgow in 1936 accompanying the Glasgow radio station. [3] [17] BBC Scotland remained based at these premises until the move to Pacific Quay in 2007. [17] The Edinburgh operation remained on Queen Street until the move to The Tun in April 2002. [3] [16] The Tun building is near to the Scottish Parliament building and contains television and radio studios in addition to a newsroom.[ citation needed ]

The college closed in 1935 and principal architect James Miller began adapting the Glasgow site for BBC Scotland in 1936, allowing for the site’s buildings to be used in the production, administration and broadcasting of BBC Scotland's radio and television.(RCAHMS)

In addition to the Glasgow and Edinburgh bases of the broadcaster, BBC Scotland also has offices and studios located in Aberdeen, Dundee, Portree, Stornoway, Inverness, Selkirk, Dumfries, Kirkwall and Lerwick. Of these, the latter two locations operate radio opt-outs from BBC Radio Scotland while the Aberdeen, Inverness, Selkirk and Dumfries newsrooms produce local radio bulletins for the North East, Highlands & Islands, Borders and South West respectively.[ citation needed ]

In addition to these premises, BBC Scotland operates a drama productions studio at Dumbarton on the site of a disused whisky distillery. It is the main Scottish drama facilities where programmes such as Still Game and River City are recorded. [18] [19] Also, the BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra is resident at Glasgow City Halls [20] having been based at Queen Margaret Drive until 2006.[ citation needed ]

Programming

BBC Scotland continues to produce a high number of local programmes for the Scottish audiences. Its flagship news and current affair programmes are Reporting Scotland and Scotland 2016 which provides over an hour of content each weekday. Drama in the form of River City . With sport on Radio Scotland, along with Sportscene , cover a large number of local sports including football, rugby and bowls. BBC Scotland also produces over 20 hours of comedy programmers for radio and television. While features and documentaries is BBC Scotland's biggest output, with The Beechgrove Garden , Landward , Sport Monthly, The Adventure Show , The Mountain, BBC Scotland Investigates and many other covering all aspect of Scottish life.[ citation needed ]

Output for the British network has included such recent high-profile dramas as Shetland , Hope Springs , Waterloo Road and Single Father. [21] BBC Scotland also produces a high number of gamesshows which feature The National Lottery Draws . BBC Scotland also produces the Scottish opt-out sections of British-wide programmes such as Sunday Politics and Children in Need .[ citation needed ]

Until 2010, a high number of Gaelic programmes were broadcast on BBC One and Two Scotland before transferring over to BBC Alba. Its flagship programmes, which both started in 1993, are Dè a-nis? and Eòrpa . Eòrpa hit the headlines in May 2008, specially mentioned in the Scottish Broadcasting Commission's report. "It was intriguing to note that without fail at every one of our public events, BBC2 Scotland's Eòrpa programme was raised, unsolicited, and by non-Gaelic speakers, as an example of a positive, well-respected programme", commented Blair Jenkins, the Chair of the Scottish Broadcasting Commission. [22] It continued to be given a broadcast on BBC Two Scotland as the only Gaelic programme on the channel until 2019.[ citation needed ]

Past programming

Over the years, BBC Scotland made a number of well known and much loved radio and television programmes both for the BBC networks and for transmission in Scotland only. In television these were known within the BBC as "opt out" programmes.[ citation needed ]

At teatime in the beginning, there was A Quick Look Round with Leonard Maguire. From 1968, as well as the flagship evening news programme Reporting Scotland , presented by Mary Marquis and Douglas Kynoch, with contributions from Renton Laidlaw in Edinburgh and Donny B MacLeod in Aberdeen, there were popular current affairs series such as Compass, Checkpoint with Professor Esmond Wright and Magnus Magnusson, Person to Person with Mary Marquis, Current Account , Public Account and Agenda .[ citation needed ]

Many comedy series have been made by BBC Scotland, including Scotch and Wry , Rab C. Nesbitt , Naked Video and Still Game , while with dramas included Hamish Macbeth , Monarch of the Glen , and Sutherland's Law . In recent years, BBC Scotland comedy shows such as Mrs. Brown's Boys , [23] [24] Two Doors Down [25] [26] and Mountain Goats [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] have been lambasted by critics.[ citation needed ]

BBC Scotland has also produced two highly controversial programmes, Scotch on the Rocks [32] and Secret Society, [33] with the latter resulting in BBC Scotland being raided by the police.[ citation needed ]

Television continuity announcers

BBC Scotland started using their own television continuity announcers voicing over specific BBC Scotland station idents for all evening and weekend afternoon junctions around 1977. Before this, announcers only introduced occasional opt-outs, which resulted in the London announcer being heard most of the time. The announcers were "self-op" - they had to speak and press the buttons to change the sound and picture and cue in telecine (film), videotape recordings (VTR) and live programmes.[ citation needed ]

From 1979, their duties were expanded to cover reading the lunchtime news bulletin in vision at 12:40, just before the network Midday News at 12:45.[ citation needed ]

There was one announcer who was never seen. Robert Logan was also a Conservative local councillor. Consequently, he never read the news summaries, nor did he ever give his name at closedown. From 1985, the announcing team started doing a news summary just before children's programmes at around 15:53, and within a few weeks, additional news summaries at 21:25 were introduced. From 31 October 1988, newsroom staff started to read the news summaries instead of the announcers.[ citation needed ]

Inevitably, though, viewers started to spot their little idiosyncrasies. Mark Stephen often came perilously close to sending up programmes with his good-natured humour; links of his included:

Peter Cushing stars in our late night horror film in 50 minutes. First on BBC One Scotland, Dougie Donnelly rises from the grave with today's football action in Sportscene.

Controllers and heads

Directors and Controllers of BBC Scotland:

See also

Related Research Articles

BBC Northern Ireland Main public service broadcaster in Northern Ireland

BBC Northern Ireland is a division of the BBC and the main public broadcaster in Northern Ireland.

BBC Television BBC Service

BBC Television is a service of the BBC. The corporation has operated in the United Kingdom under the terms of a royal charter since 1927. It produced television programmes from its own studios from 1932, although the start of its regular service of television broadcasts is dated to 2 November 1936.

BBC Gàidhlig Department of BBC Scotland

BBC Gàidhlig is the department of BBC Scotland that produces Scottish Gaelic-language (Gàidhlig) programming. This includes TV programmes for BBC Alba, the BBC Radio nan Gàidheal radio station and the BBC Alba website. Its managing editor is Marion MacKinnon.

<i>Reporting Scotland</i> BBC television news programme for Scotland

Reporting Scotland is BBC Scotland's national television news programme, broadcast seven days a week on BBC One Scotland from the headquarters of BBC Scotland at Pacific Quay in Glasgow.

BBC Radio nan Gàidheal is a Scottish Gaelic language radio station owned and operated by BBC Scotland, a division of the BBC. The station was launched in 1985 and broadcasts Gaelic-language programming with the simulcast of BBC Radio Scotland.

BBC Radio Scotland Scottish national radio station

BBC Radio Scotland is a Scottish radio network owned and operated by BBC Scotland, a division of the BBC. It broadcasts a wide variety of programmes. It replaced the Scottish BBC Radio 4 opt-out service of the same name from 23 November 1978. Radio Scotland is broadcast in English, whilst sister station Radio nan Gaidheal broadcasts in Scottish Gaelic.

This article deals with the Media in Glasgow. The city of Glasgow, Scotland is home to large sections of the Scottish national media. It hosts the following:

Television in Scotland mostly consists of UK-wide broadcasts, with regional variations at different times which are specific to Scotland. The BBC and ITV networks both formally began broadcasting in the country during the 1950s. There were further expansions in the early 1960s with the arrival of Grampian, Borders and BBC2 television.

Media of Scotland

Scottish media has a long and distinct history. Scotland has a wide range of different types and quality of media.

Gaelic broadcasting in Scotland is a developing area of the media in Scotland which deals with broadcasts given in Scottish Gaelic and has important links with the efforts of Gaelic revival in Scotland. As well as being informative, Gaelic broadcasting in Scotland has acquired some symbolic importance. Whilst opinion polls show that the vast majority of Gaels feel they have been ill-served by broadcasting media, Scotland now has Gaelic broadcasting all over Scotland both on television and radio.

STV (TV channel) Television channel in Scotland

STV is a Scottish free-to-air television channel owned by STV Group and is a part of the ITV network. It operates the Central Scotland and Northern Scotland Channel 3 licences, formerly known as Scottish Television and Grampian Television respectively.

BBC Alba the BBCs Scottish Gaelic language TV channel

BBC Alba is a Scottish Gaelic-language free-to-air television channel jointly owned by the BBC and MG Alba. The channel was launched on 19 September 2008 and is on-air for up to seven hours a day with BBC Radio nan Gàidheal simulcasts. The name Alba is the Scottish Gaelic name for Scotland. The station is unique in that it is the first channel to be delivered under a BBC licence by a partnership and is also the first multi-genre channel to come entirely from Scotland with almost all of its programmes made in Scotland.

BBC Pacific Quay

BBC Pacific Quay is BBC Scotland's television and radio studio complex at Pacific Quay, Glasgow, Scotland. Opened by then Prime Minister Gordon Brown on 20 September 2007, the studios are home to BBC Scotland's television, radio and online services and the headquarters of the BBC in Scotland.

In the United Kingdom, continuity announcers are people who are employed to introduce programmes on radio and television networks, to promote forthcoming programmes on the station, to cross-promote programmes on the broadcaster's other stations where applicable and, sometimes, to provide information relating to the programme just broadcast.

Good Morning Scotland is a Scottish breakfast radio news programme. It is broadcast on BBC Radio Scotland weekdays from 06:00 to 09:00. Established in 1973, it is the longest-running radio show broadcast from Scotland and remains one of the most popular. Weekend editions, broadcast between 08:00 and 10:00, were introduced in early 2015.

<i>An Là</i> Scottish Gaelic-language news programme

An Là is a Scottish Gaelic-language news programme broadcast on the Gaelic-language channel, BBC Alba. The programme, based at BBC Alba's newsroom in Inverness, began at 8pm on Monday 22 September 2008 and provides a 30-minute bulletin of Scottish, British and international news for Gaelic speakers seven days a week. The Sunday night review programme, composed of highlights from the week's bulletins as well as material from Eòrpa, called Seachd Là, began at 6.30pm on Sunday 28 September 2008.

<i>STV News</i>

STV News is a Scottish news service produced by STV. The news department produces two regional services covering STV's Channel 3 franchise areas of Northern and Central Scotland.

BBC Scotland (TV channel) Scottish TV channel

BBC Scotland is a Scottish free-to-air television channel that is under the BBC Scotland division of the BBC. It airs a nightly lineup of entirely Scottish programming. The channel launched 24 February 2019, replacing the BBC Two Scotland opt-out of BBC Two, but operating as an autonomous channel.

This is a timeline of television in Scotland.

References

  1. "Ken MacQuarrie, Director, BBC Scotland". About the BBC. BBC. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  2. http://stakeholders.ofcom.org.uk/binaries/consultations/psb-review-3/responses/Scottish_Government.pdf [ bare URL ]
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "History". The Wireless to the Web. BBC. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  4. "No-one gets the Choice BBC launches new channel". The Herald. 24 September 1998. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  5. "New TV channel for BBC in Scotland". BBC News. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  6. "BBC to launch Scottish TV channel with hour-long news programme". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  7. "BBC channel approval heralds 140 new jobs". BBC News. 26 June 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  8. "Ofcom gives green light to new BBC Scotland channel despite fears of threat to STV and news publishers". Press Gazette. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  9. "BBC Scotland News Weekly - video podcast". BBC News. 2 August 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2007.
  10. "Recipients of RTS Scotland Awards 2018". rts.org.uk. Royal Television Society . Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  11. "Glasgow to get new £4m BBC digital hub as new Scottish channel gets final green light". The Scotsman. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  12. 1 2 "BBC Buildings - Pacific Quay". The BBC Story. BBC. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  13. 1 2 "BBC Scotland headquarters". Clyde Waterfront. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  14. Plunkett, John (25 February 2010). "NAO findings on BBC development schemes – project by project". Guardian. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  15. "Welcome to BBC Scotland Production Facilities". BBC. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  16. 1 2 "Edinburgh, 4, 5, 6 Queen Street". Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  17. 1 2 "3 March 2010: Queen Margaret Drive". Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  18. New BBC drama set to be built at Dumbarton distillery Lennox Herald, 19 September 2008
  19. "Production Facilities - Dumbarton". BBC. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  20. "BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra - City Halls". BBC. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  21. "BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra". BBC Scotland. Archived from the original on 15 October 2006. Retrieved 20 August 2007.
  22. Viewers verdict: TV news is too shallow Herald Scotland, 31 May 2008
  23. Brian Logan (29 January 2013). "Mrs Brown's Boys: how the 'worst comedy ever made' became a smash hit". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
  24. Finn, Melanie (22 March 2011). "Critics hate us but they never say how the audience is screaming with laughter". Herald.ie. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
  25. "Friday's best TV: Easter 1916: The Enemy Files, Billy Connolly's Tracks Across America and Boomers". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  26. "Monday's best TV: The Last Miners; Back in Time for Brixton; Our Guy in China". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  27. "Mountain Goats review – 'Who are these people, who'll laugh at anything?'". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  28. "Friday's best TV". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  29. "Miller's Mountain, Comedy Playhouse - BBC, TV review: The return of Comedy Playhouse is no laughing matter". Independent. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  30. "Matt on the Box: New Tricks, Who Do You Think You Are, Mountain Goats and Young Free and Single". The Custard TV. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  31. "Mountain Goats (BBC1) Review". UK TV Reviewer. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  32. "Scotch on the Rocks Phase 5 (1973)". Archived from the original on 29 January 2009.
  33. "Secret Society and Zircon - DuncanCampbell.org". www.duncancampbell.org.
  34. "scottish-surnames". 50megs.com. Archived from the original on 12 March 2003. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
  35. Mullen, Stacey (31 July 2020). "Steve Carson named as new director of BBC Scotland". Glasgow Times . Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  36. Boal, Daniel (16 October 2020). "BBC Scotland newsroom talent lead mass exodus amid cost-cutting measures". The Press and Journal . Retrieved 1 January 2021.