Pop Warner Little Scholars

Last updated
Pop Warner Little Scholars
Pop Warner Little Scholars logo masked.PNG
Official logo of Pop Warner Little Scholars
Named after Pop Warner
Formation1929;92 years ago (1929)
FounderJoseph J. Tomlin [1]
Type Non-profit
Headquarters Langhorne, Pennsylvania
Region
United States
Website Official website

Pop Warner Little Scholars, commonly known simply as Pop Warner, is a nonprofit organization that provides activities such as American football, for over 425,000 youths aged 5 to 16 years old, in several nations. It is the largest youth football organization in the United States. [2] In the 2010s, concern grew about the dangers of brain injury, including that from repeated sub-concussive hits. [3] [4] There have been proposals to replace tackle football with flag football below certain ages. [5]

Contents

Its headquarters are in Langhorne, Pennsylvania. Pop Warner Little Scholars is named after football coach Pop Warner, who heavily contributed to the organization in its early years.

Age and weight divisions

DivisionAge requirementsWeight requirementsEnd-of-season max
Tiny-Mite5–735–75 lbs79 lbs.
Mitey-Mite7–945–100 lbs104 lbs.
Jr. Pee Wee8–10 (11)60–115 lbs (60–95 lbs)119 lbs. (99 lbs)
Pee Wee9–11 (12)75–130 lbs (75–110 lbs)134 lbs. (114 lbs)
Junior Varsity10–12 (13)90–155 lbs (90–135 lbs)159 lbs.
Varsity12–14 (15)105–180 lbs (105–160 lbs)184 lbs. (164 lbs)
Unlimited11–14105+ lbsUnlimited

Some divisions allow "older but lighter" players who meet the age and weight requirements in parentheses. [6]

Safety and brain health

In the 2010s, there has been much controversy about football and brain health, with a number of studies focusing not just on the occasional concussion, but also on the large number of sub-concussive hits. One game in particular in 2012 resulted in five concussions. [7] In 2015, a family sued Pop Warner over the suicide of a former player who was later found to have chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), claiming that the organization knew or should have known about the risk of head injuries. [8] Several other lawsuits have been filed against Pop Warner for related cases. [9] [10]

In 2016, the Pop Warner league banned kickoffs in an attempt to reduce high-speed collisions that result in concussions. [2]

A 2018 study found that tackle football before age 12 was correlated with earlier onset of symptoms of CTE, but not with symptom severity. [3] [11] [4] There have also been advocates for flag football only before certain ages. [12] [5]

Related Research Articles

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Health issues in American football

Health issues in American football comprise a large number of health risks associated with participating in the sport. Injuries are relatively common in American football, due to its nature as a full-contact game. Injuries occur during both practice and games. Several factors can affect the frequency of injuries: epidemiological studies have shown older players can be at a greater risk, while equipment and experienced coaches can reduce the risk of injury. Common injuries include strains, sprains, fractures, dislocations, and concussions. Concussions have become a concern, as they increase the risk of mental illnesses like dementia and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). In individual leagues like the National Football League (NFL) and National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), a public injury report is published containing all injured players on a team, their injury and the game-day status of each player.

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy Neurodegenerative disease caused by repeated head injuries

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a neurodegenerative disease linked to repeated blows to the head. The encephalopathy symptoms can include behavioral problems, mood problems, and problems with thinking. The disease often gets worse over time and can result in dementia. It is unclear if the risk of suicide is altered.

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Boston University CTE Center and Brain Bank

The Boston University CTE Center is an independently run medical research lab located at the Boston University School of Medicine. The Center focuses on research related to the long-term effects of brain trauma and degenerative brain diseases, specializing in the diagnosis and analysis of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). According to researchers at Boston University, CTE is a brain disease involving progressive neurological deterioration common in athletes, military personnel, and others who have a history of brain trauma. The disease is primarily caused by repeated blows to the head, some of which result in concussions or sub-concussive symptoms.

Most documented cases of chronic traumatic encephalopathy have occurred in athletes involved in contact sports such as boxing, American football, wrestling, ice hockey, mixed martial arts, rugby and soccer. Other risk factors include being in the military, prior domestic violence, and repeated banging of the head. The exact amount of trauma required for the condition to occur is unknown. Below is a list of notable cases of CTE in sports.

The Australian Sports Brain Bank is a medical research laboratory, a part of the neuropathology department of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (RPA) in Sydney.

References

  1. "Pop Warner Football".
  2. 1 2 Belson, Ken (May 12, 2016). "Pop Warner Bans Kickoffs in Hopes of Protecting Its Youngest Players". The New York Times. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  3. 1 2 "Study finds youth football tied to earlier symptoms of CTE," ESPN, April 30, 2018.
  4. 1 2 Age of First Exposure to Tackle Football and Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy, Annals of Neurology, Michael L. Alosco PhD, Jesse Mez MD, MS, et al., 30 April 2018.
  5. 1 2 Former NFLers call for end to tackle football for kids, CNN, Nadia Kounang, updated March 1, 2018.
  6. "Ages & Weights". Pop Warner Little Scholars. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  7. Belson, Ken (October 23, 2012). "A 5-Concussion Pee Wee Game Leads to Penalties for the Adults". The New York Times. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  8. Belson, Ken (February 5, 2015). "Family Sues Pop Warner Over Suicide of Player Who Had Brain Disease". The New York Times. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  9. McCann, Michael; Murphy, Austin (September 1, 2016). "New lawsuit points finger at Pop Warner for mismanagement of head injuries". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  10. Leonard, Tod (January 28, 2018). "Moms take on football, suing Pop Warner for their sons' head trauma, deaths". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  11. Parents, put off tackle football as long as possible, study suggests, Austin American-Statesman, Nicole Villalpando, May 25, 2018.
  12. Shea Jr., Michael M. (June 22, 2018). "Opinion: Block kids under 12 from playing tackle football". The Mercury News. Retrieved June 23, 2018.