|Organising body||Turkish Football Federation (TFF)|
|Founded||1963; 58 years ago|
|Number of teams||19|
|Level on pyramid||2|
|Promotion to||Süper Lig|
|Relegation to||2. Lig|
|Domestic cup(s)||Turkish Cup|
|International cup(s)|| UEFA Europa League |
(via winning Turkish Cup)
|Current champions|| Adana Demirspor (4th title) |
|Most championships||Samsunspor (6 titles)|
|TV partners||beIN Sports, TRT|
|Website||TFF First League|
|Current: 2020–21 TFF First League|
The TFF 1. Lig is the second level of the Turkish football league system. The league was founded in 2001 as the Turkish Second League Category A after the reorganization of the Second Football League, which was the second level of the Turkish league system between 1963 and 2001. The league was called Türk Telekom Lig A in the 2006–2007 season, and was renamed to TFF First League prior to the 2007–08 season. As of 16 January 2008 the league was renamed as Bank Asya 1. Lig.In April 2012 Bank Asya withdrew as sponsor of the league. During the 2012-2016 seasons the league was known under the terms of a sponsorship deal as the PTT 1. Lig. Nowadays the league is called the TFF First League once again.
Before the 2005–06 season, the top three teams were promoted to Süper Lig and the bottom three teams were relegated to the Turkish Second League Category B. Since the 2005–06 season through 2008–09, the top two teams are directly promoted to the Süper Lig, the teams finishing 3rd through 6th competed in a play-off. The third-placed team played a match with the sixth-placed team, while the fourth-placed team played against the fifth-placed team. The winners of both matches then played against each other to decide the third team that was promoted. In 2009–10 the third team was determined by play-off group games, in which the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th teams of normal season played in a one-game league system in a neutral venue. In 2010–11 play-off status changed again and elimination match system came back but this time on a two match (home and away) basis.
|Adana Demirspor||Adana||New Adana Stadium||33,543|
|Adanaspor||Adana||New Adana Stadium||33,543|
|Akhisarspor||Manisa (Akhisar)||Spor Toto Akhisar Stadium||12,139|
|Altay||İzmir (Gaziemir)||İzmir Atatürk Stadium||51,295|
|Altınordu||İzmir (Karabağlar)||Doğanlar Stadium||12,500|
|Ankara Keçiörengücü||Ankara (Keçiören)||Ankara Aktepe Stadium||4,883|
|Ankaraspor||Ankara (Sincan)||Osmanlı Stadium||20,000|
|Balıkesirspor||Balıkesir (Altıeylül)||Balıkesir Atatürk Stadium||15,800|
|Bandırmaspor||Balıkesir (Bandırma)||17 Eylül Stadium||12,725|
|Boluspor||Bolu||Bolu Atatürk Stadium||8,456|
|Bursaspor||Bursa||Bursa Büyükşehir Belediye Stadium||43,361|
|İstanbulspor||Istanbul (Büyükçekmece)||Necmi Kadıoğlu Stadium||4,491|
|Menemenspor||İzmir (Menemen)||Menemen İlçe Stadium||2,500|
|Tuzlaspor||Istanbul (Tuzla)||Tuzla Belediye Stadium||2,000|
|Ümraniyespor||Istanbul (Ümraniye)||Ümraniye Belediyesi Şehir Stadium||1,601|
|Season||Champion||Runner Up||Third Placed|
|2002–03||Konyaspor||Çaykur Rizespor||A. Sebatspor|
|2004–05||Sivasspor||Manisaspor||Kayseri Erciyesspor 1|
|2006–07||Gençlerbirliği OFTAŞ||İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyespor||Kasımpaşa 2|
|2010–11||Mersin İdmanyurdu||Samsunspor||Orduspor 2|
|2011–12||Akhisar Belediyespor||Elazığspor||Kasımpaşa 2|
|2012–13||Kayseri Erciyesspor||Çaykur Rizespor||Konyaspor 2|
|2013–14||İstanbul BB||Balıkesirspor||Mersin İdmanyurdu 2|
|2016–17||Sivasspor||Yeni Malatyaspor||Göztepe S.K. 2|
|2017–18||Çaykur Rizespor||MKE Ankaragücü||BB Erzurumspor 2|
|2018–19||Denizlispor||Gençlerbirliği||Gazişehir Gaziantep 2|
|2019–20||Hatayspor||BB Erzurumspor||Fatih Karagümrük 2|
|2020–21||Adana Demirspor||Giresunspor||Altay 2|
1 Kayseri Erciyesspor renamed themselves as Kayserispor. Kayserispor also became Kayseri Erciyesspor before the start of 2004–2005 season.
2 These teams were play-off winners.
|2001–02||Vestel Manisaspor, Mersin İdman Yurdu, Adana Demirspor 1|
|2002–03||Karşıyaka, Türk Telekomspor, Kayseri Erciyesspor|
|2003–04||Karagümrük Kyoto, Sarıyer, Mardinspor|
|2004–05||Uşakspor, Orduspor, Gaziantep BŞB.|
|2005–06||Kasımpaşa, Gençlerbirliği Asaşspor, Eskişehirspor 1|
|2006–07||Boluspor, Kartalspor, Giresunspor 1|
|2007–08||Adanaspor, Karabükspor, Güngören Belediyespor 1|
|2008–09||Bucaspor, Mersin İdman Yurdu, Çanakkale Dardanelspor 1|
|2009–10||Güngören Belediyespor, Akhisar Belediyespor, Tavşanlı Linyitspor 1|
|2010–11||Göztepe (White Group), Elazığspor (Red Group), Sakaryaspor 1|
|2011–12||Şanlıurfaspor (White Group), 1461 Trabzon (Red Group), Adana Demirspor 1|
|2012–13||Balıkesirspor (White Group), Kahramanmaraşspor (Red Group), Fethiyespor 1 , Ankaraspor (Reinstated)|
|2013–14||Giresunspor (White Group), Altınordu (Red Group), Alanyaspor 1|
|2014–15||Göztepe (Red Group), Yeni Malatyaspor (White Group), 1461 Trabzon 1|
|2015–16||Manisaspor (Red Group), Ümraniyespor (White Group), Bandırmaspor 1|
|2016–17||MKE Ankaragücü (Red Group), Istanbulspor (White Group), BB Erzurumspor 1|
|2017–18||Altay S.K. (White Group), Hatayspor (Red Group), Afjet Afyonspor 1|
|2018–19||Keçiörengücü (White Group), Menemen Belediyespor (Red Group), Fatih Karagümrük 1|
|2019–20||Samsunspor (White Group), Bandırmaspor (Red Group), Tuzlaspor 1|
|2020–21||Manisa FK (White Group), Eyüpspor (Red Group), Kocaelispor 1|
1 Third teams were play-off winner.
|2001–02||Hatayspor, Siirt Jetpaspor, Erciyesspor, Batman Petrolspor, Aydınspor|
|2002–03||Erzurumspor, Gümüşhane Doğanspor, Etimesgut Şekerspor|
|2003–04||Adana Demirspor, Göztepe, İzmirspor|
|2004–05||Sarıyer, Adanaspor, Fatih Karagümrük|
|2005–06||Mersin İdman Yurdu, Yimpaş Yozgatspor, Çanakkale Dardanelspor|
|2006–07||Türk Telekom, Akçaabat Sebatspor, Uşakspor|
|2007–08||Elazığspor, İstanbulspor, Mardinspor|
|2008–09||Sakaryaspor, Güngören Belediyespor, Malatyaspor|
|2009–10||Hacettepe, Çanakkale Dardanelspor, Kocaelispor|
|2010–11||Altay, Diyarbakırspor, Ankaraspor (expelled)|
|2011–12||Giresunspor, Sakaryaspor, İstanbul Güngörenspor|
|2012–13||Göztepe, Kartalspor, Ankaragücü|
|2013–14||Fethiyespor, 1461 Trabzon, Tavşanlı Linyitspor, Kahramanmaraşspor|
|2014–15||Manisaspor, Bucaspor, Orduspor|
|2015–16||1461 Trabzon, Kayseri Erciyesspor, Karşıyaka|
|2016–17||Şanlıurfaspor, Bandırmaspor, Mersin İdman Yurdu|
|2017–18||Samsunspor, Manisaspor, Gaziantepspor|
|2018–19||Afjet Afyonspor, Elazığspor, Kardemir Karabükspor|
|2019–20||No relegation due to COVID-19|
|2020–21||Akhisarspor, Ankaraspor, Eskişehirspor|
Kayseri Erciyesspor was a Turkish sports club based in Kayseri.
Sivasspor, officially known as Demir Grup Sivasspor due to sponsorship reasons, is a Turkish professional football club based in Sivas. Formed in 1967, the currently play in the Süper Lig. They finished fifth in the 2013–14 season, and contended for the Süper Lig title for two consecutive seasons 2007–08 and 2008–09, ultimately finishing fourth and second respectively.
Kayseri Spor Kulübü, commonly known as Kayserispor, is a Turkish professional football club based in Kayseri. They play their home matches at the Kadir Has Stadium in red and yellow kits.
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The 2007–08 Süper Lig season,, was the 50th anniversary of top-flight professional football in Turkey. It was won by Galatasaray, who won their 17th championship.
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The 2008–2009 TFF First League was the second-level football league of Turkey and the 46th season since its establishment in 1963–64.
The 2010–11 TFF First League, also known as Bank Asya First League due to sponsoring reasons, is the 10th season since the league established in 2001 and 48th season of the second-level football league of Turkey since its establishment in 1963–64.
The 2010–11 season was the 106th season of competitive football in Turkey.
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The 2013–14 Süper Lig was the 56th season of the Süper Lig, the highest tier football league of Turkey. The season began on 17 August 2013. Galatasaray were the defending champions, but Fenerbahçe matched their league title record of 19 after drawing 0–0 with Çaykur Rizespor on 27 April.
The 2013–14 TFF First League, also known as PTT First League) due to sponsoring reasons (in Turkish: PTT 1. Lig, is the 13th season since the league was established in 2001 and 51st season of the second-level football league of Turkey since its establishment in 1963–64.
The 2014–15 Süper Lig was the 57th season of the Süper Lig, the highest tier football league of Turkey.
The 2014–15 TFF First League, also known as PTT First League due to sponsoring reasons, is the 14th season since the league was established in 2001 and 52nd season of the second-level football league of Turkey since its establishment in 1963–64. Before start of this season Ankaraspor changed her name as Osmanlıspor and her colours as violet-white.
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