Crystal Palace F.C.

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Crystal Palace
Crystal Palace FC logo.svg
Full nameCrystal Palace Football Club
Nickname(s)The Eagles, The Glaziers
Short nameCPFC
Founded10 September 1905;115 years ago (1905-09-10) [upper-alpha 1]
Ground Selhurst Park
Capacity25,486 [2]
Owners Steve Parish
Joshua Harris
David S. Blitzer [3]
ChairmanSteve Parish
Manager Roy Hodgson [4]
League Premier League
2019–20 Premier League, 14th of 20
Website Club website
Soccerball current event.svg Current season

Crystal Palace Football Club is a professional football club based in Selhurst, South London, England, who currently compete in the Premier League, the highest level of English football. Although their official founding date is 1905, the club claim to be a continuation of the original amateur Crystal Palace football club first established in 1861, [1] after historians discovered a direct lineage through their ownership under the same Crystal Palace Company. [5] [6] Both the amateur and professional clubs played inside the grounds of the Crystal Palace Exhibition building, with the professional club using the FA Cup Final stadium for its home games until 1915, when they were forced to leave due to the outbreak of the First World War. In 1924, they moved to their current home at Selhurst Park.

Contents

The amateur club became one of the original founder members of the Football Association in 1863 and competed in the first ever FA Cup competition in 1871–72, reaching the semi-finals, but disappeared from historical records after the 1875–76 FA Cup. Shortly after Crystal Palace returned to existence in 1905 as a professional club, they applied for election to the Football League, but were rejected and instead played in the Southern League. Palace did eventually join the Football League in 1920, and have overall spent the majority of their league history competing in the top two tiers of English football. Since 1964, they have only dropped below the second tier once, for three seasons between 1974 and 1977. During their period in the top flight in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the club achieved their highest ever league finish of third place in the old First Division, now known as the Premier League, in the 1990–91 season. Palace were unfortunate to miss out on qualification for the UEFA Cup at the end of that season due to the limited number of European places available to English clubs after the lifting of the UEFA ban caused by the Heysel Stadium disaster. It was also during this period that Palace reached the 1990 FA Cup Final losing to Manchester United after a replay, but they won the Full Members Cup the following year beating Everton in the final. The club became founder members of the Premier League in 1992. Following their relegation from the Premier League in 1998, Palace went into decline after suffering financial problems which resulted in the club going into administration twice in 1999 and 2010, but they recovered and returned to the Premier League in 2013 where they have remained ever since, and reached another FA Cup final in 2016, again finishing runners-up to Manchester United.

The club's kit colours were claret and blue until 1973, but then they decided to change to the red and blue vertical stripes worn today. Palace have a long-standing and fierce rivalry with Brighton & Hove Albion, [7] with whom they contest the M23 derby, and also share rivalries with fellow South London clubs Millwall and Charlton Athletic.

History

The Crystal Palace Exhibition building (1854) Crystal Palace General view from Water Temple.jpg
The Crystal Palace Exhibition building (1854)

The Exhibition Palace and original amateur club (1854–1905)

In 1854, the Crystal Palace Exhibition building had been relocated from Hyde Park, London and rebuilt in an area of South London next to Sydenham Hill. This area was renamed Crystal Palace which included the Crystal Palace Park that surrounded the site where various sports facilities were built. The Crystal Palace Company who owned the exhibition building founded the Crystal Palace Club in 1857 to play cricket before turning their attention to football. It had been lobbied by existing members of the cricket club to provide a continuation of sporting activities during the winter months. The company formed an amateur Crystal Palace football club in 1861. All of the football club’s management-committee and most of its original players were previously members of the cricket club, [8] and they shared the same pitch within the Crystal Palace Park. [6]

The amateur club became one of the original founder members of the Football Association in 1863 [9] and competed in the first ever FA Cup competition in 1871–72, reaching the semi-finals where they lost to the Royal Engineers. [10] They disappeared from historical records after a 0–3 defeat to Wanderers in the second round of the 1875–76 FA Cup. In 1895, the Football Association found a new permanent venue for the FA Cup Final at the sports stadium situated inside the Palace grounds. Some years later the Crystal Palace Company, who were reliant on tourist activity for their income, sought fresh attractions for the venue, and decided to form a new professional football club to play at the stadium. [11] The owners wanted a club to play there and tap into the vast crowd potential of the area.

The 1905 FA Cup Final at the Crystal Palace Stadium CrystalPalace1905.jpg
The 1905 FA Cup Final at the Crystal Palace Stadium

Birth of the professional club and playing at the FA Cup Final venue (1905–20)

The professional Crystal Palace football club was formed on 10 September 1905 under the guidance of Aston Villa assistant secretary Edmund Goodman. [12] The club applied for election to the Football League, but were rejected and instead found itself in the Southern League Second Division for the 1905–06 season. Palace were successful in their inaugural season achieving promotion to the First Division, crowned as champions. [12] They also played in the mid-week United Counties League, finishing runners-up to Watford, and it was in this competition that the club played their first match, winning 3–0 away to New Brompton. [12] [13]

Palace remained in the Southern League up until 1914, their one highlight the 1907 shock First Round victory over Newcastle United in the FA Cup. [14] [15] The outbreak of the First World War led to the Admiralty requisitioning the Crystal Palace and its grounds, which meant the club was forced to leave and they moved to the home of nearby West Norwood F.C. at Herne Hill Velodrome. Three years later they moved again to the Nest due to the folding of Croydon Common F.C..

Into the Football League (1920–58)

The club became founder members of the new Football League Third Division in the 1920–21 season, finishing as champions and gaining promotion to the Second Division. This achievement meant they joined Preston North End, Small Heath, Liverpool, and Bury as the only clubs to win a championship in their first season as a league club. Palace then moved to the purpose-built stadium Selhurst Park in 1924, where the club still play their home games today. [16]

The opening fixture at Selhurst Park was against The Wednesday, with Palace losing 0–1 in front of a crowd of 25,000. Finishing in twenty-first position, the club was relegated to the Third Division South. Before the Second World War, Palace made good efforts at promotion, mostly finishing in the top half of the table and were runners-up on three occasions. During the war years, the Football League was suspended, and the club won two Wartime Leagues. After the war, Palace were less successful in the league, their highest position being seventh, and conversely on three occasions the club had to apply for re-election.

Historic Real Madrid visit and promotion to the top flight (1958–73)

Alfredo Di Stefano, who played for Real Madrid against Palace in 1962. The Croydon Advertiser reported that his "move that led to Madrid's fourth goal was conducted with effortless ease at walking pace." Di stefano real madrid cf (cropped).png
Alfredo Di Stéfano, who played for Real Madrid against Palace in 1962. The Croydon Advertiser reported that his "move that led to Madrid's fourth goal was conducted with effortless ease at walking pace."

The club remained in Division Three South up until the end of the 1957–58 season, after which the league was restructured with clubs in the bottom half of Division Three South merging with those in the bottom half of Division Three North to form a new Fourth Division. Palace had finished fourteenth – just below the cut – and therefore found itself in the basement of English football. Their stay was only brief. Palace chairman Arthur Wait appointed the ex-Tottenham manager Arthur Rowe in April 1960, and his exciting style of football was a joy to watch for the Palace fans. The 1960–61 season saw Palace gain promotion and they also achieved distinction in 1962 when they played the great Real Madrid team of that era in an historic friendly match. This was the first time that the Spanish giants had ever played a match in London and was only two weeks before they were due to play Benfica in the European Cup final. A full strength Madrid team beat Palace 4–3. Although Rowe resigned due to health reasons towards the end of 1962, the promotion proved a turning point in the club's history. Dick Graham and then Bert Head guided Palace to successive promotions in 1963–64 and 1968–69, taking the club through the Second Division and into the heights of the First Division. [18]

Palace stayed in the top flight from 1969 until 1973, and achieved some memorable results, arguably the best was a 5–0 home win against Manchester United in the 1972–73 season. Arthur Wait stepped down as chairman during that season and was replaced by Raymond Bloye who appointed Malcolm Allison as manager in March 1973, with Bert Head moving upstairs to become general manager. Unfortunately the managerial change came too late to save the club from relegation back to the Second Division.

Bouncing between the divisions (1973–84)

After the disappointment of relegation, worse was to follow for the club. Under the management of Allison, Palace were immediately relegated again and were back in Division Three for the 1974–75 season. It was also under Allison that the club changed its nickname from "The Glaziers" to "The Eagles", and ended its association with claret and blue kit colours by deciding to change to the red and blue vertical stripes worn today. Palace enjoyed a run to the semi-finals of the 1975–76 FA Cup, beating Leeds and Chelsea along the way. Allison resigned at the end of the 1975–76 campaign after failing to get the club out of the third tier, and it was under Terry Venables' management that Palace moved back up to the top flight with promotions in 1976–77 and 1978–79; the latter saw the club crowned as Division Two champions.

That team from 1979 was dubbed "The Team of the Eighties", due to the fact it included a number of very talented young players who had emerged from the youth team which won the FA Youth Cup in 1976–77 and 1977–78, and they were briefly top of the whole Football League in the early part of the 1979–80 season. However financial difficulties suffered by the club caused the break-up of that group of players, and this ultimately led to the club being unable to maintain its position in the top flight. Palace were relegated from the First Division in 1980–81, coinciding with Ron Noades' takeover of the club. They struggled back in the second tier, and Noades even appointed the ex-Brighton manager Alan Mullery, which was very unpopular with the Palace fans.

Steve Coppell years (1984–93)

On 4 June 1984, former Manchester United and England player Steve Coppell who had recently retired from the game due to injury was appointed as manager, and it was under his stewardship and rebuilding that the club achieved promotion via the play-offs back to the First Division in 1988–89. Palace followed this up by reaching the 1990 FA Cup Final, drawing 3–3 with Manchester United after extra-time in the first match but losing the replay 0–1. The club were able to build on this success and the 1990–91 season saw them achieve their highest ever league finish of third place in the top flight. Palace were unfortunate to miss out on a European place at the end of that season partly due to the UEFA ban on English clubs caused by the Heysel Stadium disaster. Though by that time the ban had been lifted, it resulted in England being unranked in the UEFA coefficient rankings used that season, [19] which meant the English top flight was only entitled to one European place in the UEFA Cup, and this went to the runners-up Liverpool. The club also returned to Wembley and won the Full Members Cup beating Everton 4–1 after extra-time in the final. During the following season star striker Ian Wright left the club to join Arsenal. Palace finished tenth, allowing the club to become a founding member of the Premier League in 1992–93. [20]

Holmesdale Road stand at Selhurst Park, constructed in 1994-95. Selhurst Park Holmesdale Stand.jpg
Holmesdale Road stand at Selhurst Park, constructed in 1994–95.

The club sold Mark Bright to Sheffield Wednesday, but failed to rebuild the squad adequately, and they struggled to score goals throughout the season. Palace were relegated with a total of 49 points, which is still a Premier League record for the highest number of points for a relegated club. Coppell resigned and Alan Smith, his assistant at the club, took over as manager.

The yo-yo years (1993–98)

Alan Smith's first season as manager saw Palace win the First Division title and gain promotion back to the Premier League. [21] Their stay on this occasion proved both eventful and controversial. On 25 January 1995, Palace played Manchester United at Selhurst Park in which United forward Eric Cantona was sent off. He was taunted by Palace fan Matthew Simmons, [22] and retaliated with a flying kick. [23] Cantona was sentenced to two weeks in jail, [24] reduced to 120 hours community service on appeal. Simmons was immediately banned from Selhurst Park, [25] and later found guilty on two charges of threatening Cantona. [26] More was to follow in March, when Palace striker Chris Armstrong was suspended by the FA for failing a drugs test. [27] On the field, Smith guided the club to the semi-finals of both the FA Cup and the League Cup, but league form was inconsistent and Palace once again found themselves relegated, finishing fourth from bottom as the Premier League reduced from 22 to 20 clubs. [28]

Smith left the club and Steve Coppell returned as technical director in the summer of 1995, and through a combination of the first-team coaching of Ray Lewington and latterly Dave Bassett's managership Palace reached the play-offs. They lost the 1996 play-off final in dramatic fashion when Steve Claridge scored in the last minute of extra-time for Leicester City to win 2–1. The following season saw Coppell take charge as first-team manager when Dave Bassett departed for Nottingham Forest in early 1997 [29] The club was successful in the play-offs at the second time of asking when they defeated Sheffield United 1–0 in the final at Wembley. [30]

This stay in the Premier League was no more successful than the previous two, and in true yo-yo club fashion Palace were relegated back to the First Division at the end of the 1997–98 season. The club also had a new owner when recruitment tycoon Mark Goldberg completed his takeover in June 1998. [31]

Financial crisis (1998–2010)

Terry Venables returned to Palace for a second spell as manager and the club competed in European competition during the summer when they played in the UEFA Intertoto Cup. Palace then went into administration in 1999, when owner Mark Goldberg was unable to sustain his financial backing of the club. [32] Venables left and Steve Coppell took over again as manager. The club emerged from administration under the ownership of Simon Jordan, and Coppell was replaced as manager by Alan Smith for a second time. Palace were almost relegated in Jordan's first season, in 2000–01. Smith was sacked in April and long-serving coach Steve Kember took over as caretaker manager and managed to win the two remaining fixtures that would guarantee survival, Dougie Freedman scoring the winner in a 1–0 victory over Stockport County in the 87th minute on the final day of the season. Steve Bruce was appointed manager for the 2001–02 season. [33] A good start to the season gave Palace hope for a promotion challenge, but Bruce attempted to walk out on the club after just four months at the helm to take charge of Birmingham City. [34] [35] After a short spell on 'gardening leave', [36] Bruce was eventually allowed to join Birmingham, [37] succeeded by Trevor Francis, who had ironically been his predecessor at the Midlands club. [38]

Under Francis, Palace finished mid-table for two successive seasons, but he was then sacked, [39] and replaced by Steve Kember, who became permanent manager. [40] The club won their opening three games of the 2003–04 First Division campaign under Kember, which put them at the top of the table, but he was sacked in November after a terrible loss of form saw Palace slip towards the relegation zone. [41] Former Palace striker Iain Dowie was appointed manager and guided the club to the play-off final, securing promotion with a 1–0 victory over West Ham. Again Palace could not maintain their place in the top tier and were relegated on the last day of the season after drawing at local rivals Charlton Athletic.

Crystal Palace fans protest - and await anxiously for news - outside the Lloyds HQ in London on 1 June 2010. Palace fans protest outside Lloyds HQ in London.JPG
Crystal Palace fans protest – and await anxiously for news – outside the Lloyds HQ in London on 1 June 2010.

Following that relegation, Simon Jordan was unable to put the club on a sound financial footing over the next few years, and in January 2010 Palace were once again placed in administration, this time by a creditor. [42] Due to the Football League's regulations, the club were deducted ten points, [43] and the administrators were forced to sell key players including Victor Moses and José Fonte. Neil Warnock had also departed as manager in the early part of 2010. He had been appointed in 2007, replacing the former Palace favourite Peter Taylor who had a brief spell as manager. Paul Hart took over as caretaker manager for the final weeks of the season. Survival in the Championship was only secured on the final day of the season after a memorable 2–2 draw at Sheffield Wednesday, which was itself relegated as a result. [44]

During the close of that season, CPFC 2010, a consortium consisting of several wealthy fans, successfully negotiated the purchase of the club. [45] They were led by Steve Parish, the vocal representative for the consortium of four that also included Stephen Browett, Jeremy Hosking and Martin Long. Crucially, the consortium also secured the freehold of Selhurst Park, and paid tribute to a fans' campaign which helped pressure Lloyds Bank into selling the ground back to the club. [46]

Established back in the Premier League (2010–present)

The CPFC 2010 consortium swiftly installed George Burley as the new Palace manager. [47] However a poor start to the following season saw the club hovering around the bottom of the table by December. On 1 January 2011, after a 0–3 defeat to Millwall, Burley was sacked and his assistant Dougie Freedman named caretaker manager. Freedman was appointed manager on a full-time basis on 11 January 2011. [48] Palace moved up the table and by securing a 1–1 draw at Hull City on 30 April, the club was safe from relegation with one game of the season left. After another year and a half as manager, Freedman departed to manage Bolton Wanderers on 23 October 2012. [49]

In November 2012, Ian Holloway became manager. [50] He guided Palace back to the Premier League after an eight-year absence by defeating Watford 1–0 in the Championship play-off final at the new Wembley, but resigned in October 2013. [51] Following a brief spell under Tony Pulis, [52] and an unsuccessful second tenure as manager for Neil Warnock, former Palace player Alan Pardew was confirmed as the new manager in January 2015. [53] In his first full season, Pardew led Palace to the 2016 FA Cup Final, their first for 26 years, losing 1–2 after extra-time to Manchester United. In December 2016, Pardew was sacked and replaced by Sam Allardyce, who kept the club in the Premier League but resigned unexpectedly at the end of the season. [54] On 26 June 2017, Palace appointed their first permanent foreign manager in former Dutch international Frank de Boer, who was dismissed after only 77 days in charge, with the club having lost their first four league games at the start of the 2017–18 season. [55] His replacement, Roy Hodgson, was appointed the next day. [56] Palace finished in eleventh place in the Premier League in Hodgson's first season and then twelfth in the 2018–19 season and fourteenth the following season.

Colours and crest

Allison's rebranded Palace crest Palace1970sbadge.jpg
Allison's rebranded Palace crest
Pete the Eagle - The club's mascot (2016). UnitedKingdom-66 (29882187932).jpg
Pete the Eagle – The club's mascot (2016).

The original amateur club wore blue and white hooped shirts with blue shorts, although there were variations on this, it is thought their first ever kit in 1861 was light blue and white halves. When the professional Crystal Palace club were formed in 1905, they turned to one of the biggest clubs in the country at the time, Aston Villa, to seek advice. Villa helped the club in a number of ways, not least by donating their kit. [57] [58] As a result, Palace's colours were originally claret and blue shirts paired with white shorts and socks tending to be claret. They kept to this formula fairly consistently until 1938. The 1937–38 strip saw them try vertical stripes of claret and blue on the jersey rather than the claret body and blue sleeves, but in 1938 they decided to abandon the claret and blue and adopt white shirts and black shorts with matching socks. Although they returned to claret and blue from 1949 to 1954, the 1955 season saw them return to white and black, now using claret and blue as trim. [59]

There were variations on this theme until 1963 when the club adopted the away strip of yellow jersey as the home colours. In 1964 the club adopted an all-white strip modelled on Real Madrid whom the club had played recently in a friendly, before they returned to claret and blue jerseys with white shorts in 1966. The club continued with variations on this theme up until Malcolm Allison's arrival as manager in 1973. [59] Allison overhauled the club's image, adopting red and blue vertical stripes for colours and kit, inspired by FC Barcelona. [57] Palace have played in variations of red and blue ever since, bar the centenary season of 2005 which saw them wear a version of their 1971–72 claret, blue and white kit. [59]

The club were relatively late in establishing a crest. Although the initials were embroidered onto the shirt from the 1935–36 season, a crest featuring the façade of The Crystal Palace did not appear until 1955. This crest disappeared from the shirt in 1964, and the team's name appeared embroidered on shirts between 1967 and 1972. Then in 1972 a round badge was adopted with the club's initials and nickname "The Glaziers" before Allison changed this too. [59] The club's nickname became "The Eagles", inspired by Portuguese club Benfica, and the badge adopted an eagle holding a ball. [59] This emblem remained until 1987 when the club married the eagle with the Crystal Palace façade, [60] and although updated in 1996 and again in 2013, the crest retains these features. [59] From mid-2010 to 2020 the club made use of an American bald eagle, called Kayla, as the club mascot, with the bird flying from one end of the stadium to the other at every home game. [61] [62] The bird died in June 2020. [63]

Kit manufacturers and sponsors

Since 2018, Crystal Palace's kit has been manufactured by Puma. [64] Previous manufacturers include Umbro (1975–77), Admiral (1977–80, 1987–88, 2003–04), Adidas (1980–83, 1996–99), Hummel (1984–87), Bukta (1988–92), Ribero (1992–94) Nutmeg (1994–96), TFG Sports (1999–2001) Le Coq Sportif (2001–03), Diadora (2004–07), Errea (2007–09), Nike (2009–12), Avec (2012–14), and Macron (2014–18).

The club's shirts are currently sponsored by W88, and have previously been sponsored by Red Rose (1983–84), Top Score (1985–86), AVR (1986–87), Andrew Copeland (1987–88), Fly Virgin (1988–91), Tulip Computers (1991–93), TDK (1993–99), Churchill Insurance (2000–06), GAC Logistics (2006–14), Neteller (2014–15), Mansion.com (2015–17) and ManBetX (2017–20).

The club signed its first sleeve sponsor with All Football, a Chinese football-based social media application, in 2017. [65]

Stadium

In 1905, the Crystal Palace Company who owned the FA Cup Final venue situated inside the grounds of The Crystal Palace, wanted a professional club to play there and tap into the crowd potential of the area. They formed a new professional Crystal Palace football club to play at the stadium. [66] When the First World War broke out the Palace and grounds were seized by the armed forces, and in 1915 the club were forced to move by the Admiralty. They found a temporary base at the Herne Hill Velodrome. Although other clubs had offered the use of their ground to Palace, the club felt it best to remain as close to their natural catchment area as possible. [67] When Croydon Common F.C. were wound up in 1917, the club took over their old stadium located at the Nest, [68] but in 1919 they began the purchase of the land on which they would eventually build Selhurst Park, their current home. [69]

The renowned stadium architect, Archibald Leitch, was employed to draw up plans, and the construction of Selhurst Park was completed in time for the 1924–25 season. [69] The stadium remained relatively unchanged, with only the introduction of floodlights and some maintenance improvements until 1969, when the Arthur Wait Stand was built. The Main Stand became all-seater in 1979 and more work followed in the early 1980s when the Whitehorse Lane End was redeveloped to allow for a Sainsbury's supermarket, club offices and a club shop. The Arthur Wait Stand became all-seater in 1990, and in 1994 the Holmesdale Terrace was replaced with a new two tier stand. Selhurst Park's record attendance was set in 1979, with an official total of 51,482. [70] After all the redevelopments to the ground and safety requirements due to the Taylor Report, the ground's current capacity is 26,309. [71] Proposals were put forward to move the club back to the Crystal Palace National Stadium in 2010, [72] but after the club gained promotion to the Premier League in 2013, there has been a renewed focus on redeveloping their current home into a 40,000 seater stadium. [71] [73] Revised plans for a new 13,500-seater Main Stand (extending overall stadium capacity to 34,000) were approved at a Croydon Council meeting on 19 April 2018. [74]

Selhurst Park Stadium.jpg
A panorama of Selhurst Park from the Upper Holmesdale, showing from left to right the Main Stand, the Whitehorse Lane End and the Arthur Wait Stand

Supporters

The Holmesdale Fanatics passionate home support. HOLMSDALE FANATICS.jpg
The Holmesdale Fanatics passionate home support.

Crystal Palace have a fan base predominantly from the local area which draws on South London, Kent, and Surrey. Their original home, at The Crystal Palace, was on the boundary with Kent, while Selhurst Park was within Surrey's borders until the London Government Act 1963 saw Greater London encompass Croydon. The club's passionate support at home games emanates from the Holmesdale Road Stand, in which the ultras group the Holmesdale Fanatics have been based since 2005.

The fans have established at least two other supporters groups. The Palace Independent Supporters' Association was set up to raise supporter concerns with the club, [75] while the Crystal Palace Supporters' Trust was originally established to enable fans to purchase the club during the administration of 2000 and remains in existence today. [76]

A number of fanzines have been produced by the supporters over the years. Eagle Eye launched in 1987 and ran until 1994, with a number of contributors launching the replacement Palace Echo in 1995, running until 2007. [77] The Eastern Eagles, So Glad You're Mine and One More Point were also published by fans in the 1990s. [78] When One More Point ceased publication, Five Year Plan launched in its place, [79] and maintains an online presence. [80] Supporters also engage in debate on two internet forums, The BBS and Holmesdale.net which the club use as channels to communicate with the fans. [81]

Crystal Palace fans express support for the club after it entered administration in 2010. Selhurst Park.jpg
Crystal Palace fans express support for the club after it entered administration in 2010.

Due to the fact Palace are a London club means they compete against a number of other local clubs for the attention of supporters, but it does have a recognisably large catchment area of 900,000. [73] [82] When the new owners took control in 2010, they sought the fans' input into future decisions. They consulted on a new badge design, and when their chosen designs were rejected, the club instead opted for a design based on a fans' idea from an internet forum. [83] The club have strengthened their ties with the local community, and through the Crystal Palace F.C. Foundation they work with local London Boroughs of Croydon, Bromley and Sutton to provide sports and educational programmes which they also hope will continue to develop their supporter and geographical base. The Foundation's work was recognised by the Football League in August 2009 with their Silver Standard Community Scheme Award. [84]

The club also maintains a sizeable celebrity support. Kevin Day and Jo Brand host an annual comedy night for Comic Relief and the Palace Academy, [85] and the club also count fellow comedians Eddie Izzard, and Mark Steel amongst their fans. The actor Neil Morrissey developed Palace Ale, a beer on sale in the ground, [86] while actor Bill Nighy is patron of the CPSCC, a Crystal Palace-based charity. [87] Radio DJ David Jensen is chairman of the Crystal Palace Vice presidents Club [88] and acted as spokesman for the CPFC 2010 consortium during their takeover bid for the club. Actor, writer and producer John Salthouse was on the books of Palace as a player from 1968 to 1970 under the name of John Lewis, [89] and was also a mascot for the club as a child. [90] He incorporated the club into his role as Tony in Abigail's Party. [91] The television presenter Susanna Reid revealed her love of Palace while taking part in Strictly Come Dancing, and visited Selhurst Park for inspiration. [92]

Rivalries

Due to their location in the capital, Crystal Palace are involved in a number of local derbies, mostly across South London. They enjoy rivalries with both Millwall and former tenants Charlton Athletic. The club have a long-standing and fierce rivalry with Brighton & Hove Albion which developed after Palace's relegation to the Third Division in 1974, reaching its height when the two teams were drawn together in the first round of the 1976–77 FA Cup. The tie went to two replays, but the second replay ended in controversy after referee Ron Challis ordered a successful Brighton penalty to be retaken because of Palace player encroachment. The retake was saved, Palace won the tie 1–0 and a fierce rivalry was born. [7]

Ownership

First chairman Sydney Bourne with Edmund Goodman, 1906. Sydney Bourne and Edmund Goodman circa 1906.jpg
First chairman Sydney Bourne with Edmund Goodman, 1906.

The Crystal Palace Company formed both the amateur and professional clubs. The first chairman of the professional Crystal Palace club was Sydney Bourne who was found by club secretary Edmund Goodman after he had examined records of FA Cup Final ticket purchasers. Goodman noted his name as one that had bought a number of tickets every year, and so met with Bourne and found him very agreeable to the idea of the new club. Bourne was invited onto the board of directors and elected chairman at the club's first ever meeting. He remained chairman until his death in 1930. [93]

Local builder Arthur Wait established a consortium of seven other businessmen to purchase the club in 1949, and they initially rotated the chairmanship. [94] In 1958 Wait became the chairman, before being replaced by Raymond Bloye in 1972. [95] [96] Bloye's ownership lasted until 26 January 1981, when property developer Ron Noades and his small consortium took control of the club. Noades eventually sold the club to Mark Goldberg on 5 June 1998, becoming the second longest serving chairman behind Sydney Bourne. However, Noades did maintain ownership of Selhurst Park, leasing it to the club to use. Goldberg's tenure of the club was not a success and the club entered administration in March 1999. Although the fans established a group called the Crystal Palace Supporters' Trust in a bid to gain control of the club, millionaire and lifelong fan Simon Jordan negotiated a deal with creditors and the administrator, and a new company, CPFC 2000 took control. This company entered administration in January 2010, and it was not until June of that year that a takeover was completed by a consortium of four wealthy fans known as CPFC 2010. [97]

CPFC 2010 was established by a consortium of four businessmen, Steve Parish, Martin Long, Stephen Browett and Jeremy Hosking, with each owning a 25% share of the company. [98] [99] The four successfully negotiated a takeover with the administrator Brendan Guilfoyle from the P&A Partnership and a company voluntary arrangement was formally accepted by company creditors on 20 August 2010. [100] The consortium also purchased back Selhurst Park from Lloyds Bank after a demonstration by fans put pressure on the bank to agree terms. [46] [101]

On 18 December 2015, it was announced that a new deal had been signed with American investors Josh Harris and David Blitzer. [102] The club stated that Steve Parish would continue as chairman alongside Harris and Blitzer as general partners in a new structure, and that Browett, Long and Hosking would also retain a substantial investment. [103]

The company accounts later showed that the ownership figures were: Steve Parish 18%, Steve Browett 5%, Jeremy Hosking 5% and Martin Long 2.5% with the remainder being owned by Palace Holdco LP (a limited partnership registered in Delaware) 67.5% and Palace Parallel LLC (a company also registered in Delaware) 1.5%. Both Palace Holdco and Palace Parallel have 180 preference shares each. As the Delaware companies do not have to reveal their owners, the exact ownership of the club is therefore unknown, but Steve Parish did confirm that each of Harris and Blitzer had an 18% share to match his own.

Statistics and records

Jim Cannon holds the record for the most Crystal Palace appearances in all competitions, having played 663 first-team matches between 1973 and 1988. [104] The defender also holds the record for the most league appearances, making 571. [105] Cannon joined the club as a trainee, and of his appearances only four of them were made as a substitute. His first appearance was made aged 19, scoring in a home win in the First Division against Chelsea on 31 March 1973. Cannon's last game was on 7 May 1988, a 2–0 home win in the Second Division against Manchester City. [106] Striker Peter Simpson holds the record for the most goals scored in a season, 54 in the 1930–31 season in Division Three (South) and is also the top scorer over a career – 165 goals between 1929 and 1935. [104] Goalkeeper Wayne Hennessey holds the club record for most international caps. [107]

Chart showing Crystal Palace's table positions since joining the Football League. CrystalPalaceFC League Performance.svg
Chart showing Crystal Palace's table positions since joining the Football League.

Palace were inaugural champions of the newly formed Third Division in 1920–21, which was also their first ever season in the Football League and so became one of only a small group of clubs to have achieved the feat of winning a Football League Division at the first time of asking. Their average league attendance of 19,092 in the 1960–61 season and the attendance of 37,774 for the Good Friday game at Selhurst Park between Palace and Millwall the same season are Fourth Division attendance records. [108] Palace's official record home attendance is 51,482 for a Division Two match against Burnley on 11 May 1979. [109] The club's biggest victory margin in the league was the 9–0 home win against Barrow in the Fourth Division in 1959, while their heaviest defeat in the league was by the same scoreline away to Liverpool in the First Division in 1989. [109]

The highest transfer fee received for a Palace player is £50 million, from Manchester United for Aaron Wan-Bissaka in June 2019, while the highest transfer fee paid by the club to date was for Christian Benteke from Liverpool in August 2016, for £32 million.

The club's highest ever league finish so far is third place in the old Football League First Division, which is now called the Premier League, achieved in the 1990–91 season. Palace hold the record for the most points for a relegated Premier League club with 49 (although that was in a 42-game season in 1992–93). [110] They are also the only club ever to be relegated from the Premier League even though they finished fourth from bottom, as it had been decided that at the end of the 1994–95 season, the bottom four clubs would be relegated in order to accommodate the league being reduced from 22 to 20 clubs for the 1995–96 season; Palace's points total that season of 45 is also the second-highest points total in Premier League history for a relegated club. [110] Palace hold the record for the most Play-off final wins (4) resulting in promotion to the top flight. Each of these play-off final wins occurred at a different location: Selhurst Park in 1989 (the first leg of the two-legged final was played at Ewood Park in Blackburn), old Wembley Stadium in 1997, Millennium Stadium in Cardiff in 2004, and new Wembley in 2013.

Players

First-team squad

As of 10 April 2021 [111]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.Pos.NationPlayer
1 GK Flag of England.svg  ENG Jack Butland
2 DF Flag of England.svg  ENG Joel Ward
3 DF Flag of the Netherlands.svg  NED Patrick van Aanholt
4 MF Flag of Serbia.svg  SRB Luka Milivojević (captain)
5 DF Flag of England.svg  ENG James Tomkins
6 DF Flag of England.svg  ENG Scott Dann
8 DF Flag of Senegal.svg  SEN Cheikhou Kouyaté
9 FW Flag of Ghana.svg  GHA Jordan Ayew
10 MF Flag of England.svg  ENG Andros Townsend
11 FW Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  CIV Wilfried Zaha
12 DF Flag of France.svg  FRA Mamadou Sakho
13 GK Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  WAL Wayne Hennessey
14 FW Flag of France.svg  FRA Jean-Philippe Mateta (on loan from Mainz 05)
15 MF Flag of Ghana.svg  GHA Jeffrey Schlupp
17 DF Flag of England.svg  ENG Nathaniel Clyne
No.Pos.NationPlayer
18 MF Flag of Scotland.svg  SCO James McArthur
19 GK Flag of Ireland.svg  IRL Stephen Henderson
20 FW Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  BEL Christian Benteke
21 FW Flag of England.svg  ENG Connor Wickham
22 MF Flag of Ireland.svg  IRL James McCarthy
23 FW Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  BEL Michy Batshuayi (on loan from Chelsea)
24 DF Flag of England.svg  ENG Gary Cahill
25 MF Flag of England.svg  ENG Eberechi Eze
27 DF Flag of England.svg  ENG Tyrick Mitchell
31 GK Flag of Spain.svg  ESP Vicente Guaita
34 DF Flag of England.svg  ENG Martin Kelly
36 DF Flag of England.svg  ENG Nathan Ferguson
38 DF Flag of England.svg  ENG Reece Hannam
39 MF Flag of England.svg  ENG Jesurun Rak-Sakyi
44 MF Flag of the Netherlands.svg  NED Jaïro Riedewald

    Out on loan

    Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

    No.Pos.NationPlayer
    33 DF Flag of Poland.svg  POL Jarosław Jach (on loan at Raków Częstochowa until the end of the 2020–21 season)
    35 DF Flag of England.svg  ENG Sam Woods (on loan at Plymouth Argyle until the end of the 2020–21 season)
    37 MF Flag of England.svg  ENG Nya Kirby (on loan at Tranmere Rovers until the end of the 2020–21 season)
    40 FW Flag of England.svg  ENG Brandon Pierrick (on loan at Kilmarnock until the end of the 2020–21 season)
    MF Flag of Scotland.svg  SCO Scott Banks (on loan at Dunfermline Athletic until the end of the 2020–21 season)
    DF Flag of England.svg  ENG Lewis Hobbs(on loan at Welling United until the end of the 2020–21 season)
    No.Pos.NationPlayer
    GK Flag of England.svg  ENG Rohan Luthra(on loan at South Park until the end of the 2020–21 season)
    GK Flag of England.svg  ENG Jacob Russell(on loan at Ramsgate until the end of the 2020–21 season)
    FW Flag of England.svg  ENG Robert Street(on loan at Torquay United until the end of the 2020–21 season)
    DF Flag of Croatia.svg  CRO Nikola Tavares(on loan at Wealdstone until the end of the 2020–21 season)
    GK Ulster Banner.svg  NIR Oliver Webber(on loan at Dover Athletic until the end of the 2020–21 season)

    Under-23 squad

    As of 12 April 2021 [112]

    Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

    No.Pos.NationPlayer
    28 MF Flag of England.svg  ENG Luke Dreher
    42 MF Flag of England.svg  ENG Malachi Boateng
    46 MF Flag of England.svg  ENG Jake Giddings
    DF Flag of England.svg  ENG Lewis Bryon
    DF Flag of England.svg  ENG Danny Imray
    DF Flag of Ireland.svg  IRL Jake O'Brien(on loan from Cork City F.C.)
    DF Flag of Australia (converted).svg  AUS Jay Rich-Baghuelou
    DF Flag of England.svg  ENG Jude Russell
    No.Pos.NationPlayer
    MF Flag of England.svg  ENG David Boateng
    MF Flag of Ireland.svg  IRL Kian Flanagan
    MF Flag of England.svg  ENG Harlem Hale
    MF Flag of England.svg  ENG Alfie Matthews
    MF Flag of England.svg  ENG Sean Robertson
    MF Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  WAL Sion Spence
    MF Flag of England.svg  ENG Jamie Taylor
    FW Flag of England.svg  ENG Brandon Aveiro

    Notable former players

    Players with over 100 appearances for Crystal Palace can be found here
    All past (and present) players who are the subjects of Wikipedia articles can be found here

    Crystal Palace "Centenary XI"

    To celebrate the professional Crystal Palace F.C.'s centenary in 2005, the Palace fans were asked to vote for a "Centenary XI" from a shortlist of ten players per position provided by the club. [113]

    Club staff

    PositionName
    Chairman Steve Parish
    Chief Executive Phil Alexander
    Manager Roy Hodgson
    Assistant Manager Ray Lewington
    First Team CoachDave Reddington
    Goalkeeping Coach Dean Kiely
    Fitness Coach Scott Guyett
    Sporting Director Dougie Freedman

    Managers

    As of match played 8 May 2021. Not including caretaker managers. All competitive matches are counted.
    Longest serving manager Edmund Goodman Edmund Goodman circa 1908.jpg
    Longest serving manager Edmund Goodman

    .

    NameFromToGWDL%W
    Jack Robson July 190530 April 190777351824045.45
    Edmund Goodman 1 May 190724 November 1925613242166205039.48
    Alex Maley 24 November 192512 October 192783361631043.37
    Fred Mavin 21 November 192718 October 1930132633336047.73
    Jack Tresadern 27 October 1930June 1935213984471046.01
    Tom Bromilow July 1935
    1 January 1937
    July 1936
    July 1939
    162714051043.83
    R. S. Moyes July 19368 December 1936236611026.09
    George Irwin July 1939July 194745151119033.33
    Jack Butler July 1947June 194988232441026.14
    Ronnie Rooke June 194929 November 195062191528030.65
    Fred Dawes/Charlie Slade 29 November 195011 October 19514081022020.00
    Laurie Scott 11 October 1951October 1954145434161029.66
    Cyril Spiers October 1954June 1958181525376028.73
    George Smith July 195812 April 1960100422731042.00
    Arthur Rowe 15 April 196030 November 1962132523248039.39
    Dick Graham 30 November 19623 January 1966150684141045.33
    Bert Head 18 April 196630 March 197332810196131030.79
    Malcolm Allison 30 March 1973
    1 December 1980
    May 1976
    26 January 1981
    155534854034.19
    Terry Venables 1 June 1976
    9 June 1998
    14 October 1980
    15 January 1999
    220807664036.36
    Dario Gradi 26 January 198110 November 1981307320023.33
    Steve Kember 10 November 1981
    18 April 2003
    June 1982
    3 November 2003
    53151424028.30
    Alan Mullery July 1982June 198498312740031.63
    Steve Coppell July 1984
    July 1995
    28 February 1997
    15 January 1999
    21 May 1993
    8 February 1996
    13 March 1998
    1 August 2000
    565221146198039.12
    Alan Smith 3 June 1993
    1 August 2000
    15 May 1995
    29 April 2001
    163624358038.04
    Dave Bassett 8 February 199627 February 199760291516048.33
    Attilio Lombardo [upper-alpha 2] 13 March 199829 April 19987205028.57
    Steve Bruce 30 May 200131 October 2001181125061.11
    Trevor Francis 30 November 200118 April 200378282228035.90
    Iain Dowie 22 December 200322 May 2006123502944040.65
    Peter Taylor 13 June 20068 October 200760211623035.00
    Neil Warnock 11 October 2007
    27 August 2014
    2 March 2010
    27 December 2014
    146504551034.25
    Paul Hart 2 March 20103 May 201014365021.43
    George Burley 17 June 20101 January 2011257513028.00
    Dougie Freedman 11 January 201123 October 201290322731035.56
    Ian Holloway 3 November 201223 October 201346141418030.43
    Tony Pulis 23 November 201314 August 20142812511042.86
    Alan Pardew 2 January 201522 December 201687351339040.23
    Sam Allardyce 23 December 201623 May 2017249312037.50
    Frank de Boer 26 June 201711 September 20175104020.00
    Roy Hodgson 12 September 2017Incumbent158533768033.54

    Honours and achievements

    Domestic competitions

    Wartime competitions

    Regional competitions

    In the 1999 Michael Winterbottom film Wonderland , the scenes of the character Dan and his son at a football match were filmed at Selhurst Park during Palace's 1–1 draw against Birmingham City on 6 February 1999. [116] In the Mike Leigh play Abigail's Party , the character Tony mentions that he used to play professionally for Crystal Palace but it "didn't work out", something actor John Salthouse brought to the character in rehearsals based on his own life. [91] Salthouse also incorporated the club into the children's television series he wrote, Hero to Zero , in which the father of the main character once played for Palace reserves. [117] In the first series of Only Fools and Horses , a Crystal Palace scarf could be seen on the coat rack, placed there by producer Ray Butt, even though Rodney's middle name was Charlton, as Del revealed on Rodney's wedding day: their mother was a fan of "Athletic" not "Heston". [118] Headmaster Keith Blackwell, who played Crystal Palace mascot "Pete the Eagle" in the late nineties, fronted a series of Coca-Cola advertisements in 1996. Blackwell spoke about his role and the embarrassment it brought to his family, and clips of him in costume were used in the campaign. [119] [120]

    The 2008 episode of The IT Crowd , "Are We Not Men?", used Selhurst Park to film the crowd scenes.

    The Apple TV series Ted Lasso filmed its stadium scenes at Selhurst Park.

    After the band The Dave Clark Five performed "Glad All Over" at Selhurst Park in 1968, the song became synonymous with the club, and the Palace fans sing it at every match. [121]

    Crystal Palace Women

    Crystal Palace F.C. (Women) is a women's football club founded in 1992, which is affiliated to Crystal Palace F.C., the men's equivalent. They currently compete in the FA Women's Championship. The club play their home games at Hayes Lane, Bromley, London.

    Notes

    1. Though the professional Crystal Palace F.C. was formally created in 1905, the club have claimed that they are actually a continuation of the original amateur club founded in 1861. [1]
    2. Player-Manager
    3. This was a cup competition held from 1985 to 1992. It was also known under its sponsored names of the Simod Cup from 1987 to 1989 and the Zenith Data Systems Cup from 1989 to 1992. It was created after the Heysel Stadium disaster, when English clubs were banned from European competition, as an additional competition for clubs in the top two divisions.
    4. This was a tournament organised by the London FA. It was first contested in 1908, and other than during the World Wars, was contested every season until 1974, when the tournament was disbanded.

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