|Broadcast area||Estonia and Russia|
|Picture format||High definition (HD) / 1080i|
|Sister channels||ETV2, ETV+|
|Launched||19 July 1955|
|Former names||Tallinna Televisioonistuudio (TTS) (1955–1965)|
|Digital terrestrial||Multiplex 1|
|AS Starman||Channel 1|
|STV AS||Channel 1|
Eesti Televisioon (ETV) (English: Estonian Television) is the free-to-air national public television station of Estonia. It made its first broadcast on 19 July 1955.
Eesti Televisioon (Estonian Television) was launched on 19 July 1955. Before that, television broadcasts in Estonia could only be received from Moscow. The very first Estonian-language TV presenter was Ofelia Mikk, whose debut was in the 19 July 1955 test broadcast. Her tenure in television was cut short, because she misspoke out of nervousness.
The first tenured presenter for the nascent ETV was Ruth Peramets-Püss (1927–2005). To find a presenter, a casting competition was held in 1955, but no suitable person was found. By chance, a film in which she starred, was aired on ETV on the day of the competition, and so she was hired.
Kalmer Tennosaar began as a presenter on 1 January 1956, and subsequently worked as an editor and fellow of music programmes (1957–1962, and then after 1968). He became very popular as the host of a children's songs show "Entel-tentel". Tennosaar later continued his career as a singer.
On 1 January 1993, ETV was admitted as a full active member of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). From the restoration of independence in 1991 to 31 December 1992, it was a member of the International Radio and Television Organisation (OIRT).
ETV stopped showing commercials in 1998–1999, and has again ceased doing so since 2002: its low-cost advertising rates were damaging the ability of commercial broadcasters to operate. The introduction of a system of broadcast receiver licences, payable by viewers, was considered, but ultimately rejected in the face of public opposition.
In 2002, ETV hosted the Eurovision Song Contest 2002.
On 9 January 2006, ETV launched an Internet news service called ETV24. Broadcasting news on Internet, teletext, and on ETV at night.
Pursuant to the new Estonian National Broadcasting Act passed by the Estonian Parliament on 18 January 2007, ETV controversially merged with Eesti Raadio (Estonian Radio Service, ER) on 1 June 2007 to form the Estonian Public Broadcasting service, or Eesti Rahvusringhääling (ERR). During the consolidation, the ETV24 news service was replaced with ERR Uudised (ERR News). However, ETV retained its original name, and continues broadcasting with it.
On 1 July 2010, Estonia completed its transition to digital terrestrial television, discontinuing all analogue services. An informational on-screen message indicating this was visible on the old ETV frequencies until 5 July 2010.
The bulk of ETV's funding comes from government grant-in-aid, around 15% of which is in turn funded by the fees paid by Estonian commercial broadcasters in return for their exclusive right to screen television advertising. ETV itself is editorially fully independent.
The Estonian Public Broadcasting Act regulates ERR's activities in Estonia through the Estonian Broadcasting Council (Estonian: Ringhäälingunõukogu, EHR for short).
The Broadcasting Council is the highest management body of ERR.
The first Chair of ERR is Margus Allikmaa.
The more well known journalists of ETV include Tõnu Aav, Maire Aunaste, Grete Lõbu, Anu Välba, Katrin Viirpalu, Reet Linna, Monika Tamla, Kadri Hinrikus, Astrid Kannel, Margus Saar, Peeter Kaldre, Mati Talvik, Marko Reikop, Urmas Vaino, Jim Ashilevi, etc.
Eesti Rahvusringhääling (ERR) – Estonian Public Broadcasting – is a publicly funded radio and television organisation created in Estonia on 1 June 2007 to take over the functions of the formerly separate Eesti Raadio (ER) and Eesti Televisioon (ETV), under the terms of the Estonian National Broadcasting Act. The first chair of ERR is Margus Allikmaa, the former chair of Eesti Raadio. Present CEO is Erik Roose.
Since 1991 Estonia has changed from being a former Soviet republic to a member of the European Union and the European Monetary Union, making a rapid transformation in several fields, including the mass media, which is a vibrant and competitive sector. For many years Estonia has been among the top ten in Reporters Without Borders’(RSF) Press Freedom Index. In 2017 it has been ranked 12th out of 180 countries by RSF while Freedom House assigned Estonia’s press freedom a score of 16/100. A cross-media landscape that embraces traditional media as well as the Internet and digital media characterises the contemporary media system in Estonia.
Maire Aunaste is an Estonian journalist.
Maian Kärmas is an Estonian singer, songwriter, and journalist.
Estonia participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010, held in Oslo, Norway in May. Estonia was represented by Malcolm Lincoln and Manpower 4 with the song "Siren", the winner of Eesti Laul 2010. The winning song was initially not among the 10 finalists, but was included later when another entry was disqualified.
Estonia participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2011 in Düsseldorf, Germany, selecting their entry through the national selection Eesti Laul 2011, organised by Estonian broadcaster Eesti Rahvusringhääling (ERR).
Estonia participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2012 in Baku, Azerbaijan. The Estonian entry was selected through Eesti Laul 2012, a national selection that consisted of two semifinals and a final, organised by the Estonian broadcaster ERR. Ott Lepland represented Estonia with the song "Kuula", which qualified from the second semi-final and went on to place 6th in the final, scoring 120 points.
Estonia participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2016 with the song "Play" written by Fred Krieger, Stig Rästa and Vallo Kikas. The song was performed by Jüri Pootsmann. The Estonian broadcaster Eesti Rahvusringhääling (ERR) organised the national final Eesti Laul 2016 in order to select the Estonian entry for the 2016 contest in Stockholm, Sweden. The national final consisted of three shows: two semi-finals and a final. Ten songs competed in each semi-final and the top five from each semi-final as determined by a jury panel and public vote qualified to the final. In the final, the winner was selected over two rounds of voting. In the first round, a jury panel and a public vote selected the top three to qualify to the super final. In the super final, "Play" performed by Jüri Pootsmann was selected as the winner entirely by a public vote.
Estonia participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2017 with the song "Verona" written by Sven Lõhmus. The song was performed by Koit Toome and Laura Põldvere. The Estonian broadcaster Eesti Rahvusringhääling (ERR) organised the national final Eesti Laul 2017 in order to select the Estonian entry for the 2017 contest in Kyiv, Ukraine. The national final consisted of three shows: two semi-finals and a final. Ten songs competed in each semi-final and the top five from each semi-final as determined by a jury panel and public vote qualified to the final. In the final, the winner was selected over two rounds of voting. In the first round, a jury panel and a public vote selected the top three to qualify to the super final. In the super final, "Verona" performed by Koit Toome and Laura was selected as the winner entirely by a public vote.
Tiit Lilleorg was an Estonian stage, film and television actor and co-founder and director of the Ida Dance School.
Liina Tennosaar is an Estonian stage, film and television actress.
Eva Püssa is an Estonian stage, film, voice and television actress and radio personality.
Hilje Murel is an Estonian stage, film, and television actress.
Estonia participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2018. The Estonian broadcaster Eesti Rahvusringhääling (ERR) organised the national final Eesti Laul 2018 in order to select the Estonian entry for the 2018 contest in Lisbon, Portugal.
Estonia participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019 with the song "Storm" performed by Victor Crone and written by Victor Crone together with Stig Rästa, Vallo Kikas, Fred Krieger and Sebastian Lestapier.
Astrid Lepa was an Estonian stage, television, voice, and film actress, screenwriter, and television director whose career began in the 1940s and ended shortly before her death, spanning over sixty years.
Eero Spriit, is an Estonian actor, theatre producer and director, and film and television producer. Spriit's career as an actor began in the early 1970s.
Estonia originally planned to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest 2020. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the contest was cancelled.
Aktuaalne kaamera is an Estonian television news program shown in Eesti Televisioon. First AK was broadcast on 11 March 1956. Therefore, AK is the oldest television program in Estonia, which is still running.
Maarja Jakobson is an Estonian television, stage and film actress whose career began in the late 1990s.
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