|Broadcast area||Poland |
(and also parts of Czech Republic, Slovakia, Belarus, Russia (Kaliningrad only), Germany, Lithuania, Sweden, Denmark ,Ukraine)
|Picture format|| 1080i HDTV |
(downscaled to 16:9 576i for the SDTV feed)
|Sister channels|| TVP2 |
|Launched||23 January 1953|
|Former names||TV Polska (1953-1970)|
|Digital terrestrial television||Channel 1 (HD)|
|UPC Poland||Channel 1 (HD)|
|Vectra||Channel 101 (SD)|
Channel 111 (HD)
|Cyfrowy Polsat||Channel 3 (HD)|
|Platforma Canal+||Channel 11 (HD)|
Channel 211 (SD)
|Orange TV||Channel 1 (HD)|
TVP1 (TVP Jeden, Program I Telewizji Polskiej, "Jedynka") is the main public television channel of TVP (Telewizja Polska S.A.), Poland's national broadcaster. It was the first Polish channel to be broadcast and remains one of the most popular today. TVP1 was launched 23 January 1953.
An HD feed was launched in January 2011 as a test broadcast. In June 2012, TVP1 HD was officially launched with the coverage of the UEFA Euro 2012.
SD broadcasting via satellite (Eutelsat Hot Bird) stopped on 7 April 2017.
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|Series||Type||First Aired||No. of series||No. of episodes|
| Klan |
|Soap Opera||Autumn 1997||24||3700|
| Ojciec Mateusz |
|Drama, Crime Series||Autumn 2008||24||316|
| Komisarz Alex |
|Drama, Crime Series||Spring 2012||15||190|
|Drama Series||Spring 2010 / Autumn 2013||8||99|
| Wojenne dziewczyny |
|Historical Fiction, Drama Series||Spring 2017||4||52|
| Korona królów |
(The Crown of the Kings)
|Historical Fiction, Drama Series||Winter 2018||3||400|
|Drama Series||Spring 2018||6||257|
|Historical Fiction, Drama Series||Spring 2019||2||26|
|Crime Series||Winter 2020||1||13|
|Ludzie i bogowie|
(People and Gods)
|Historical Fiction, Drama Series||Autumn 2020||1||13|
Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative provinces, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of nearly 38.5 million people, Poland is the fifth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.
Toruń is a historical city on the Vistula River in north-central Poland and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its population was 201,447 as of December 2019. Previously, it was the capital of the Toruń Voivodeship (1975–1998) and the Pomeranian Voivodeship (1921–1945). Since 1999, Toruń has been a seat of the self-government of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship and is one of its two capitals, together with Bydgoszcz. The cities and neighboring counties form the Bydgoszcz–Toruń twin city metropolitan area.
The Polish–Soviet War was fought by the Second Polish Republic and Soviet Russia in the aftermath of World War I, on territories formerly held by the Russian Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In newly independent Poland, leading politicians of different orientations pursued the general expectation of restoring the pre-1772 borders. Motivated by that idea, Polish Chief of State Józef Piłsudski aimed to expand Poland's eastern frontiers to the east and began moving troops in that direction.
The Polish People's Republic was a country in Central Europe that existed from 1947 to 1989 and the predecessor of the modern Republic of Poland. With a population of approximately 37.9 million near the end of its existence, it was the second most-populous communist and Eastern Bloc country in Europe. Having a unitary Marxist–Leninist government imposed following World War II, it was also one of the main signatories of the Warsaw Pact alliance. The largest city and official capital since 1947 was Warsaw, followed by the industrial city of Łódź and cultural city of Kraków. The country was bordered by the Baltic Sea to the north, the Soviet Union to the east, Czechoslovakia to the south, and East Germany to the west.
Wanda Rutkiewicz was a Polish mountain climber and computer engineer. She was the first woman to reach the summit of K2 and the third woman to climb Mount Everest.
TVN is a Polish free-to-air television station. The broadcaster was co-founded by Polish businessmen Mariusz Walter, Jan Wejchert and Swiss entrepreneur Bruno Valsangiacomo. It is owned by TVN Group, which as of March 2018, is a subsidiary of Discovery Inc.
Martial law in Poland refers to the period between the 13th December 1981 and the 22nd July 1983, when the government of the Polish People's Republic drastically restricted everyday life by introducing martial law and a military junta in an attempt to counter political opposition, in particular the Solidarity Movement. Thousands of opposition activists were imprisoned without charge, and as many as 91 killed. Although martial law was lifted in 1983, many political prisoners were not released until a general amnesty in 1986.
Jerzy Owsiak, is a Polish journalist and social campaigner. He is a founder of the Great Orchestra of Christmas Charity, one of the largest non-governmental, non-profit, charity organizations in Poland. Owsiak is the main initiator and promoter for the group's Grand Finale, an annual worldwide festival involving music and other components intended to raise money for the medical care of children as well as the elderly suffering from various medical conditions. He is also the creator of Pol'and'Rock Festival, formerly known as Przystanek Woodstock, a large rock music festival that takes place in Kostrzyn nad Odrą, to thank all the volunteers and supporters who take part in the Grand Finale each year.
Polsat is a Polish free-to-air television channel that was launched on 5 December 1992 by Zygmunt Solorz-Żak. As of 2019, it is the most watched television channel in Poland with a market share of 11.30%
TVP 2 is a Polish public mainstream TV channel operated by TVP. Its varied line-up contains a variety of programming although it focuses on entertainment: stand up comedy, comic shows, cabaret, and themed talk shows. TVP2 was launched October 1970.
Stanisław Andrzej Michalkiewicz is a Polish right-wing political commentator, lawyer, former politician, opposition activist in the communist Polish People's Republic, and book author. Michalkiewicz is known for making anti-Semitic comments involving the Holocaust.
TVP Info is a Polish free-to-air television news channel, run by the public broadcaster, state media TVP. It is focused on newscasts, airing nationwide news bulletins from 6:00 a.m. to 12:00 a.m. Its main offices are located at the TVP news compound in central Warsaw.
Belsat is a Polish free-to-air satellite television channel aimed at Belarus. The channel is a subsidiary of TVP S.A. From the outset, it has been co-funded by the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and international donors.
Poland participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2009, as confirmed by Polish broadcaster Telewizja Polska (TVP). TVP continued to use the Piosenka dla Europy contest to select the Polish representative for the 2009 contest in Moscow. The 2009 edition of the contest was held on 14 February, with the winner decided by jury and televoting. The winner was Lidia Kopania with "I Don't Wanna Leave", represented Poland at the Eurovision Song Contest 2009 in May 2009.
Włodzimierz Korcz is a Polish composer, pianist, music producer and author of many popular songs. He graduated from the Academy of Music in Łódź and debuted in 1965. In 1968–1970 Korcz worked as music editor for Polskie Radio in Łódź. In 1974–1977 he was the music director at Teatr na Targówku in Warsaw.
Weronika Anna Rosati is a Polish actress. She made her acting debut in 2000, and first gained recognition playing Ania in the Polish soap opera M jak miłość. She appeared in several other Polish television series, before acquiring her first feature film role in Patryk Vega's 2005 action drama Pitbull, which went on to become a cult film in Poland. Her most critically acclaimed films include Obława (2012), which earned her a Polish Film Award nomination for Best Actress, and Never Gonna Snow Again (2020).
Joanna Klepko, known by her stage name Cleo, is a Polish singer. She represented Poland in the Eurovision Song Contest 2014 in Copenhagen, Denmark along with Donatan with the song "My Słowianie".
Poland participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2015 with the song "In the Name of Love", written by Kuba Raczyński and Monika Kuszyńska. The song was performed by Monika Kuszyńska, who was selected by Polish broadcaster Telewizja Polska (TVP) to represent the nation at the 2015 contest in Vienna, Austria. The selection of Kuszyńska along with her song "In the Name of Love" were presented to the public in March 2015. In the second of the Eurovision semi-finals "In the Name of Love" placed eighth out of the 17 participating countries, securing its place among the 27 other songs in the final. In Poland's eighteenth Eurovision appearance on 23 May, "In the Name of Love" finished in twenty-third place, receiving 10 points.
Tomasz Sekielski is a Polish journalist and novelist, author of reportages and documentary films, including Tell No One, a 2019 documentary about child sexual abuse in the Catholic Church in Poland, that sparked a nationwide discussion.
Michał Karbownik is a Polish professional footballer who plays as a defender for Premier League club Brighton & Hove Albion and the Poland national team.