|Predecessor||International Broadcasting Union|
|Formation||12 February 1950|
|Type||Union of broadcasting organisations|
The European Broadcasting Union (EBU; French : Union européenne de radio-télévision, UER) is an alliance of public service media organisations, established on 12 February 1950. The organisation is made up of 115 member organisations in 56 countries, and 31 associate members from a further 20 countries. It is best known for producing the Eurovision Song Contest. It also hosted debates between candidates for the European Commission presidency for the 2014 and 2019 parliamentary elections but is unrelated to the European Union itself.
EBU members are public service media (PSM) broadcasters whose output is made, financed and controlled by the public, for the public. PSM broadcasters are often established by law but are non-partisan, independent and run for the benefit of society as a whole.
EBU members come from as far north as Iceland and as far south as Egypt, from Ireland in the west and Azerbaijan in the east, and almost every nation from geographical Europe in between. Associate Members are from countries and territories beyond Europe, such as Canada, Japan, India and China. Associate members from the United States include ABC, CBS, NBC, CPB, NPR, APM and the only individual station, Chicago-based classical music radio WFMT.[ citation needed ]
Membership is for media organisations whose countries are within the European Broadcasting Area (EBA), as defined by the International Telecommunication Union, or who are members of the Council of Europe.
Members benefit from:
The EBU's highest-profile production is the Eurovision Song Contest. The EBU also organises the Eurovision Dance Contest, the Junior Eurovision Song Contest, the Eurovision Young Dancers competition, and other competitions which are modeled along similar lines.
Radio collaborations include Euroclassic Notturno – an overnight classical music stream, produced by BBC Radio 3 and broadcast in the United Kingdom as Through the Night – and special theme days, such as the annual Christmas music relays from around Europe.The EBU is a member of the International Music Council.
Most EBU broadcasters have group deals to carry major sporting events including the FIFA World Cup and the inaugural European Championships. Another annually recurring event which is broadcast across Europe through the EBU is the Vienna New Year's Concert.
Eurovision Media Services is the business arm of the EBU and provides first-class media services for many media organisations and sports federations around the world.
The theme music played before EBU broadcasts is Marc-Antoine Charpentier's Prelude to Te Deum . It is well known to Europeans as it is played before and after the Eurovision Song Contest and other important events.
The EBU was a successor to the International Broadcasting Union (IBU) that was founded in 1925 and had its administrative headquarters in Geneva and technical office in Brussels. It fostered programming exchanges between members and mediated technical disputes between members that were mostly concerned with frequency and interference issues. It was in effect taken over by Nazi Germany during the Second World War and when the conflict ended in the eyes of the Allies it was a compromised organisation that they could not trust.
In the spring of 1946, representatives of the Soviet radio committee proposed forming a new organisation; however, at the same time preparations were being made for an inter-governmental “European Broadcasting Conference” (EBC) in Copenhagen in 1948 to draw up a new plan for frequency use in the European Broadcasting Area (EBA). It was considered necessary to have an organisation that could implement the “Copenhagen Wavelength Plan” but there was disagreement among broadcasters and particularly a fear expressed by the BBC that a new association might be dominated by the USSR and its proposal to give each of its constituent states one vote. France proposed that it would have four votes with the inclusion of its North African colonies. The United Kingdom felt it would have little influence with just one vote.
On 27 June 1946, the alternative International Broadcasting Organisation (IBO) was founded with 26 members and without British participation. The following day the IBU met in General Assembly and an attempt was made to dissolve it but failed; though 18 of its 28 members left to join the IBO.For a period of time in the late 1940s both the IBU and IBO vied for the role of organising frequencies but Britain decided to be in involved in neither. The BBC attempted but failed to find suitable working arrangements with them. However, for practical purposes, the IBO rented the IBU technical centre in Brussels and employed its staff. The BBC then proposed a new solution based on the IBO changing its constitution so there will be only one member per ITU country, thus ensuring a Western majority over the USSR and its satellite states. In August 1949 a meeting took place in Stresa, Italy but it resulted in disagreement between delegates on how to resolve the problems. One proposal was for the European Broadcasting Area to be replaced by one that would exclude Eastern Europe, the Levant and North Africa.
After Stresa, a consensus emerged among the Western Europeans to form a new organisation and the BBC proposed it be based in London. Meetings in Paris on 31 October and 1 November 1949 sealed the fate of the IBU and IBO, but it was decided not to allow West Germany to be a founder of the new organisation. On 13 February 1950 the European Broadcasting Union had its first meeting with 23 members from the ITU defined European Broadcasting Area at the Imperial Hotel in Torquay, England, United Kingdom. The first president was Ian Jacob of the BBC who remained at the helm for 10 years while its operation was largely dominated by the BBC due to its financial, technical and staff input. The most important difference between the EBU and its predecessors was that EBU membership was for broadcasters and not governments. Early delegates said EBU meetings were cordial and professional and very different from the abrupt tone of its predecessors. West Germany was admitted in 1951 and a working relationship forged with the USSR's Organisation for International Radio and TV (OIRT) which existed in parallel with the EBU until its merger on 1 January 1993.
In 1967, the first concert in the International Concert Season of the European Broadcasting Union was broadcast from the Queen Elizabeth Hall in London.
The objective of the EBU's technical activities is simply to assist EBU Members (see below) in this period of unprecedented technological changes. This includes the provision of technical information to Members via conferences and workshops, as well as in written form (such as the EBU Technical Review, and the EBU tech-i magazine).
The EBU also encourages active collaboration between its Members on the basis that they can freely share their knowledge and experience, thus achieving considerably more than individual Members could achieve by themselves. Much of this collaboration is achieved through Project Groups which study specific technical issues of common interest: for example, EBU Members have long been preparing for the revision of the 1961 Stockholm Plan.
The EBU places great emphasis on the use of open standards. Widespread use of open standards (such as MPEG-2, DAB, DVB, etc.) ensures interoperability between products from different vendors, as well as facilitating the exchange of programme material between EBU Members and promoting "horizontal markets" for the benefit of all consumers.
EBU Members and the EBU Technical Department have long played an important role in the development of many systems used in radio and television broadcasting, such as:
The EBU has also actively encouraged the development and implementation of:
The Belarusian Television and Radio Company (BTRC) has been accused of repressing its own employees, having fired more than 100 people since the Belarus protests against president Lukashenko started in 2020 after alleged election fraud. Many of them have also been jailed. Many voices have been raised against the participation of Belarus and the BTRC in the otherwise unpolitical Eurovision Song Contest in 2021, the argument being that the EBU would make a political statement if it did endorse Belarus by essentially and silently saying that democracy is unimportant and so are basic human rights such as freedom of speech.
On 28 May 2021, the EBU suspended BTRC as they had been "particularly alarmed by the broadcast of interviews apparently obtained under duress." BTRC was given two weeks to respond before the suspension comes into effect, but did not do so publicly. [ needs update ] The broadcaster was completely expelled from the EBU on 1 July 2021.
On 11 June 2013, the Greek government shut down the state broadcaster ERT, at short notice, citing government spending concerns related to the Euro crisis.In response, the European Broadcasting Union set up a makeshift studio on the same day, near the former ERT offices in Athens, in order to continue providing EBU members with the news-gathering and broadcast relay services which had formerly been provided by ERT.
The EBU put out a statement expressing its "profound dismay" at the shutdown, urged the Greek Prime Minister "to use all his powers to immediately reverse this decision" and offered the "advice, assistance and expertise necessary for ERT to be preserved".
Starting on 4 May 2014, the New Hellenic Radio, Internet and Television broadcaster began nationwide transmissions, taking over ERT's vacant active membership slot in the EBU.On 11 June 2015, two years after ERT's closure, NERIT SA renamed as ERT SA which reopened with a comprehensive program in all radio stations (with nineteen regional, two world-range and five pan-Hellenic range radio stations) and three TV channels ERT1, ERT2 and ERT3.
The Member list as of August 2019 [update] , comprises the following 69 broadcasting companies from 56 countries.
|Albania||Albanian Radio-Television (Radio Televizioni Shqiptar)||RTSH||1999|
|Algeria||Public Establishment of Television (Établissement public de télévision)||EPTV||1970|
|National Sound Broadcasting Company (Entreprise nationale de radiodiffusion sonore)||ENRS|
|Andorra||Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra||RTVA||2002|
|Armenia||Public Television Company of Armenia (Հայաստանի Հանրային Հեռուստաընկերություն, Hayastani Hanrayin Herrustaynkerut’yun)||ARMTV|
|Public Radio of Armenia||ARMR|
|Azerbaijan||İctimai Televiziya və Radio Yayımları Şirkəti:||İCTI/İTV||2007|
|Belgium||Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroeporganisatie||VRT||1950|
|Radio-Télévision Belge de la Communauté Française||RTBF|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Javni Radio Televizijski servis Bosne i Hercegovine||BHRT||1993|
|Bulgaria|| Bâlgarsko Nacionalno Radio |
Българско национално радио
| Bâlgarska Nacionalna Televiizija |
Българска национална телевизия
|Cyprus||Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (Ραδιοφωνικό Ίδρυμα Κύπρου, Radiofonikó Ídryma Kýprou, Kıbrıs Radyo Yayın Kurumu)||CyBC|
|Czech Republic||Český Rozhlas||ČR||1993|
|Egypt||Egyptian Radio and Television Union||ERTU||1985|
|France||Groupe de Radiodiffusion Française:||GRF||1950|
|Georgia||Georgian Public Broadcasting (საქართველოს საზოგადოებრივი მაუწყებელი, sakartvelos sazogadoebrivi mauts'q'ebeli)||GPB|
|Germany|| Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Working group of public broadcasters of the Federal Republic of Germany, ARD): ||ARD||1952|
|Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen (Second German Television)||ZDF||1963|
|Greece||Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (Ελληνική Ραδιοφωνία Τηλεόραση, Ellinikí Radiofonía Tileórasi)||ERT||1950–2013,|
|Hungary||Media Support and Asset Management Fund:||MTVA||2014|
|Ireland||Raidió Teilifís Éireann||RTÉ||1950|
|Israel||Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (תאגיד השידור הישראלי, Ta'agid HaShidur HaYisra'eli)||KAN||2017|
|Italy||RAI - Radiotelevisione Italiana||RAI||1950|
|Jordan||Jordan Radio and Television Corporation (مؤسسة الإذاعة والتلفزيون الأردني)||JRTV||1970|
|Latvia||Public Broadcasting of Latvia (Latvijas Sabiedriskie mediji):||LSM||1993|
|Lebanon||Télé Liban (تلفزيون لبنان)||TL||1950|
|Libya||Libya National Channel||LNC||2011|
|Lithuania||Lietuvos Radijas ir Televizija||LRT||1993|
|Établissement de Radiodiffusion Socioculturelle du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg||ERSL||1996|
|Malta||Public Broadcasting Services||PBS||1970|
|Moldova||Compania Națională "Teleradio-Moldova"||TRM||1993|
|Monaco||Groupement de Radiodiffusion monégasque:||GRMC||1950|
|Montenegro||Radio i televizija Crne Gore (Радио и телевизија Црне Горе)||RTCG|
|Morocco||Société Nationale de Radiodiffusion et de Télévision (الشركة الوطنيَة للإِذاعة والتلفزة)||SNRT||1950|
|Netherlands||Nederlandse Publieke Omroep:||NPO||1950|
|North Macedonia||Makedonska radio televizija (Македонска Радио Телевизиjа)||MRT|
|Portugal||Rádio e Televisão de Portugal||RTP||1950|
|Romania||Societatea Română de Radiodifuziune||ROR||1993|
|Russia||Channel One Russia (Первый канал, Perviy kanal)||C1R||1996|
|All-Russia State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company (Vserossiyskaya Gosudarstvennaya Televizionnaya i Radioveshchatelnaya Kompaniya, Всероссийская государственная телевизионная и радиовещательная компания)||VGTRK|
|Radio Dom Ostankino:||RDO||1996|
|San Marino||San Marino RTV||SMRTV||1995|
|Serbia||Radiotelevizija Srbije (Радио-телевизија Србије)||RTS||2006|
|Slovakia||Radio and Television of Slovakia (Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska)||RTVS||2011|
|Switzerland||Swiss Broadcasting Corporation:||SRG SSR||1950|
|Tunisia|| Établissement de la radiodiffusion-télévision tunisienne: ||ERTT||1950|
|Turkey||Türkiye Radyo-Televizyon Kurumu||TRT||1950|
|Ukraine||National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine (Національна суспільна телерадіокомпанія України, Natsionalna Suspilna Teleradiokompaniya Ukrayiny)||UA:PBC||1993|
|United Kingdom||British Broadcasting Corporation||BBC||1950|
|United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting:||UKIB||1981|
|Vatican City||Vatican Radio||VR||1950|
|Belarus||Belarusian Television and Radio Company (Нацыянальная дзяржаўная тэлерадыёкампанія Рэспублікі Беларусь, Belteleradio)||BTRC||1993||2021|
|Greece||New Hellenic Radio, Internet and Television||NERIT||2014||2015|
|Israel||Israel Broadcasting Authority||IBA||1957||2017|
|Monaco Italy||Telemontecarlo (now La7)||TMC||1981||2001|
|Libya||Libyan Jamahiriya Broadcasting Corporation (الجماهيرية اللّيبيّة)||LJBC||1974||2011|
|Serbia and Montenegro||Udruženje javnih radija i televizija (Alliance of Public Radio and Television)||UJRT||2001||2006|
|Spain||Antena 3 Radio||A3R||1986||1993|
|Radio Popular SA COPE||COPE||1998||2019|
|Sociedad Española de Radiodifusión||SER||1982||2020|
|United Kingdom||Independent Television Authority||ITA||1959||1972|
|Independent Broadcasting Authority||IBA||1972||1981|
|Commercial Radio Companies Association (now Radiocentre)||CRCA||1981||2006|
|Yugoslavia||Yugoslav Radio Television||JRT||1950||1992|
Any group or organisation from an International Telecommunication Union (ITU) member country, which provides a radio or television service outside of the European Broadcasting Area, is permitted to submit applications to the EBU for Associate Membership.
It was also noted by the EBU that any country that is granted Associate Member status does not include any access into the Eurovision events(with the exceptions of Australia, who have participated in the Eurovision Song Contest and the Junior Eurovision Song Contest since 2015, Canada in Eurovision Young Dancers between 1987 and 1989 and Kazakhstan, who have participated in Junior Eurovision since 2018).
The list of Associate Members of EBU comprised the following 31 broadcasting companies from 20 countries as of January 2018 [update] .
|Australia||Australian Broadcasting Corporation||ABC||1950|
|Special Broadcasting Service||SBS||1979|
|Bangladesh||National Broadcasting Authority of Bangladesh||NBAB||1974|
|Brazil||TV Cultura (Father Anchieta Foundation)||FPA||2012|
|Canada||Canadian Broadcasting Corporation/ Societé Radio Canada||CBC||1950|
|China||China Media Group||CMG||2010|
|Shanghai Media Group||SMG||2016|
|Cuba||Cuban Institute of Radio and Television||ICRT||1992|
|Hong Kong||Radio Television Hong Kong||RTHK||1983|
|India||All India Radio||AIR||1979|
|Iran||Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting||IRIB||1969|
|Japan||Nippon Hoso Kyokai||NHK||1951|
|Tokyo Broadcasting System||TBS||2000|
|Malaysia||Radio Televisyen Malaysia||RTM||1970|
|Mauritius||Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation||MBC||1980|
|New Zealand||Radio New Zealand||RNZ||1950|
|Television New Zealand||TVNZ||1980|
|Oman||Public Authority for Radio and TV of Oman||PART||1976|
|South Africa||South African Broadcasting Corporation||SABC||1951|
|South Korea||Korean Broadcasting System||KBS||1974|
|Syria||Organisme de la Radio-Télévision Arabe Syrienne||ORTAS||1978|
|United States||American Broadcasting Company||ABC||1959|
|American Public Media||APM||2004|
|National Public Radio||NPR||1971|
|National Broadcasting Company||NBC||1953|
|WFMT Radio Network||WFMT||1980|
|Palestine||Palestinian Broadcasting Corporation (هيئة الإذاعة والتلفزيون الفلسطينية)||PBC||2009||2014|
Any groups or organisations from a country with International Telecommunication Union (ITU) membership, which does not qualify for either the EBU's Active or Associate memberships, but still provide a broadcasting activity for the EBU, are granted a unique Approved Participants membership, which lasts approximately five years. An application for this status may be submitted to the EBU at any given time, providing an annual fee is paid.
The following seven EBU broadcast members had status as Approved Participants in May 2016.
|JP Makedonska Radiodifuzija||JP MRD|
|Russian Television and Radio Broadcasting Network||RTRN|
|Radio Television of Vojvodina||RTV|
The EBU in co-operation with the respective host broadcaster organises competitions and events in which its members can participate if they wish to do so. These include:
The Eurovision Song Contest (French : Concours Eurovision de la Chanson) is an annual international song competition between EBU Members, that was first held in Lugano, Switzerland, on 24 May 1956. Seven countries participated – each submitting two songs, for a total of 14. This was the only contest in which more than one song per country was performed: since 1957 all contests have allowed one entry per country. The 1956 contest was won by the host nation, Switzerland. The most recent host city was Rotterdam, the Netherlands, where Italy won the competition.
Let the Peoples Sing is a biennial choir competition, the participants of which are chosen from radio recordings entered by EBU radio members. The final, encompassing three categories and around ten choirs, is offered as a live broadcast to all EBU members. The overall winner is awarded the Silver Rose Bowl.
Jeux sans frontières (English: Games without frontiers, or Games Without Borders) was a Europe-wide television game show. In its original conception, it was broadcast from 1965 to 1999 under the auspices of the EBU. The original series run ended in 1982 but was revived in 1988 with a different complexion of nations and was hosted by smaller broadcasters.
Eurovision Young Musicians is a competition for European musicians that are between the ages of 12 and 21 years old. It is organised by the EBU and is a member of EMCY. The first competition was held in Manchester, the United Kingdom on 11 May 1982.
The televised competition is held every two years, with some countries holding national heats. Since its foundation in 1982, the Eurovision Young Musicians competition has become one of the most important music competitions on an international level.
The Eurovision Young Dancers is a biennial dance showcase broadcast on television throughout Europe. The first competition was held in Reggio Emilia, Italy on 16 June 1985.
It uses a format similar to the Eurovision Song Contest, every country that is a member of the EBU has had the opportunity to send a dance act to compete for the title of "Eurovision Young Dancer". The competition is for solo dancers and all contestants must be between the ages of 16 and 21 years and not professionally engaged.
Euroclassic Notturno is a six-hour sequence of classical music recordings assembled by BBC Radio from material supplied by members of the EBU and streamed back to those broadcasters by satellite for use in their overnight classical-music schedules. The recordings used are taken not from commercial CDs but from earlier (usually live) radio broadcasts.
Junior Eurovision Song Contest (French : Concours Eurovision de la Chanson Junior), is an annual international song competition, that was first held in Copenhagen, Denmark, on 15 November 2003. Sixteen countries participated – each submitting one song, for a total of 16 entries. The 2003 Contest was won by Croatia and the current winner is France.
The Eurovision Dance Contest (not to be confused with the Eurovision Young Dancers Competition ) was an international dancing competition that was held for the first time in London, the United Kingdom on 1 September 2007. The competition was repeated in 2008 when it was held in Glasgow, United Kingdom, but has not been held since.
The Eurovision Magic Circus Show was an entertainment show organised by the EBU, which took place in 2010, 2011 and 2012 in Geneva. Children aged between 7-14 representing 8 countries within the EBU membership area, performed a variety of circus acts at the Geneva Christmas Circus (French : Cirque de Noël Genève). The main show was also accompanied by the Magic Circus Show Orchestra.
The inaugural Eurovision Choir featuring non-professional choirs selected by EBU Members, took place on 22 July 2017 in Riga, hosted by the Latvian broadcaster Latvijas Televīzija (LTV). 9 countries took part in the first edition. Carmen Manet from Slovenia was the first winner.
The European Sports Championships is a multi-sport event involving some of the leading sports in Europe. The European Governing Bodies for athletics, aquatics, cycling, rowing, golf, gymnastics and triathlon, will coordinate their individual championships as part of the first editionin the summer of 2018, hosted by the cities of Berlin (already chosen as the host for the 2018 European Athletics Championships) and Glasgow (already chosen as the host for the 2018 European Aquatics Championships, and which will now also host the events of the other sports).
The Eurovision Young Dancers, often shortened to EYD, or Young Dancers, was a biennial dance competition, organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and is broadcast on television throughout Europe. Thirty-seven countries have taken part since the inauguration of the contest in 1985; including Kosovo and Canada.
Eurovision, founded 1954 in Geneva, Switzerland, is a television network that is part of the European Broadcasting Union.
Belarus has participated in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest in every edition since its inception in 2003 until 2020. The Belarusian Television and Radio Company (BTRC), then a member organisation of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), have been responsible for the selection process of their participants since their debut. The first representative to participate for the nation at the 2003 contest was Volha Satsiuk with the song "Tantsuy", which finished in fourth place out of sixteen participating entries, achieving a score of 103 points. Belarus was one of two countries to have never missed an edition of the contest, the other one being the Netherlands, and have won twice in 2005 and 2007, until the broadcaster was expelled from the EBU in 2021. They are also one of the two countries to have participated in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest before debuting in the Eurovision Song Contest. The country hosted the contest at the Minsk-Arena in 2010 and again in 2018.
Belarus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 with the song "Butterflies" written by Maxim Fadeev, Robert Wells and Malka Chaplin. The song was performed by the band 3+2 featuring Robert Wells, who were internally selected by the Belarusian broadcaster National State Television and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus (BTRC) to represent the nation at the 2010 contest in Oslo, Norway after broadcaster All-National TV (ONT), which was to take over BTRC, failed to receive EBU membership. 3+2 and the song "Far Away" were initially announced as the Belarusian entry on 25 February 2010, however the band opted to withdraw their song and the replacement entry, "Butterflies", was announced on 19 March 2010.
The Eurovision Young Musicians 2010 was the fifteenth edition of the Eurovision Young Musicians, held at the Rathausplatz in Vienna, Austria on 14 May 2010. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Österreichischer Rundfunk (ORF), musicians from seven countries participated in the televised final. This was the third time that the competition was held on an open air stage and was the beginning of the annual Vienna Festival. Austria and broadcaster ORF previously hosted the contest in 1990, 1998, 2006 and 2008.
Belarus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2011 with the song "I Love Belarus" written by Evgeny Oleynik and Svetlana Geraskova. The song was performed by Anastasia Vinnikova, who was internally selected by the Belarusian broadcaster National State Television and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus (BTRC) to represent the nation at the 2011 contest in Düsseldorf, Germany. Anastasia Vinnikova and the song "Born in Byelorussia" were initially announced as the Belarusian entry on 28 February 2011, however the song was reworked and retitled as "I Am Belarusian". The song was later disqualified and the replacement entry, "I Love Belarus", was announced on 14 March 2011.
The International Radio and Television Organisation (official name in French: Organisation Internationale de Radiodiffusion et de Télévision or OIRT was an East European network of radio and television broadcasters with the primary purpose of establishing ties and securing an interchange of information between those various organizations responsible for broadcasting services, promoting the interests of broadcasting, seeking by international cooperation a solution to any matter relating to broadcasting, and studying and working out all measures having as their aim the development of broadcasting.
Greece participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2012, held in Baku, Azerbaijan. Their selected song "Aphrodisiac" was written by Dimitri Stassos, Mikaela Stenström and Dajana Lööf, and was performed by Eleftheria Eleftheriou, who had previously attempted to represent Greece in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010. The entry was selected through the televised national final Ellinikós Telikós, organised by the country's public broadcasting service Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT) and held on 12 March 2012 at the River West shopping mall in Athens. Due to the debt crisis facing Greece at the time, the record label of the entry was expected to take on the costs of recording and producing the candidate songs. Universal Music Greece was the only label to accept these terms and put forth four competing acts for consideration. The winning act was selected using a combination of jury and televoting. Following the national final, Eleftheriou embarked on a promotional campaign visiting Turkey and the Netherlands.
The Eurovision Young Musicians 2012 was the sixteenth edition of the Eurovision Young Musicians, held at the Rathausplatz in Vienna, Austria on 11 May 2012. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Österreichischer Rundfunk (ORF), musicians from seven countries participated in the televised final. This was the fourth time that the competition was held on an open-air stage and during the annual Vienna Festival. Austria and broadcaster ORF previously hosted the contest in 1990, 1998, 2006, 2008 and 2010.
Belarus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2015 with the song "Time", written by Uzari, Gerylana and Maimuna. The song was performed by the duo Uzari and Maimuna; Uzari is a singer-songwriter, while Maimuna is a violist. Belarusian broadcaster National State Television and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus (BTRC) organised a national final in order to select the Belarusian entry for the 2015 contest. In a field of fifteen songs, "Time" performed by Uzari and Maimuna won the right to represent Belarus in Vienna, Austria. In the first of the Eurovision semi-finals, Belarus failed to qualify to the final, placing twelfth out of the 16 participating countries with 39 points.
Greece participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2015 in Vienna, Austria. Maria Elena Kyriakou was chosen to represent Greece in the 2015 contest with the song "One Last Breath".
Belarus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2016 with the song "Help You Fly" written by Viktor Drobysh, Alexander Ivanov, Timofei Leontiev and Mary Susan Applegate. The song was performed by Ivan, which is the artistic name of singer Alexander Ivanov. The Belarusian entry for the 2016 contest in Stockholm, Sweden was selected through a national final organised by the Belarusian broadcaster National State Television and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus (BTRC). The national final consisted of ten competing acts participating in a televised production where public televoting selected the winner. "Help You Fly" performed by Ivan was selected as the winner with 23,167 votes.
Belarus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2017 with the song "Story of My Life" written by Arciom Lukjanienka. The song was performed by Naviband. The Belarusian entry for the 2017 contest in Kyiv, Ukraine was selected through a national final organised by the Belarusian broadcaster National State Television and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus (BTRC). The national final consisted of thirteen competing acts participating in a televised production where the winner was determined by a 50/50 combination of votes from jury members made up of music professionals and a public telephone vote. "Historyja majho žyccia" performed by NAVI was selected as the winner. The song's title was later translated from Belarusian to English for the Eurovision Song Contest and was titled "Story of My Life".
The participation of Denmark in the Eurovision Choir began in Riga, Latvia, at the Eurovision Choir of the Year 2017. Danmarks Radio (DR) a member organisation of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) are responsible for the selection process of their participants, for their debut in 2017. The first representative to participate for the nation at the 2017 edition are the Academic Choir of Aarhus.
The Eurovision Magic Circus Show was an entertainment show organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Radio Télévision Suisse (RTS), which took place in 2010, 2011 and 2012. Children aged between seven and fourteen representing eight countries within the EBU membership area, performed a variety of circus acts at the Geneva Christmas Circus. The main show was also accompanied by the Magic Circus Show Orchestra.
Belarus originally planned to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest 2020. The Belarusian broadcaster National State Television and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus (BTRC) organised a national final in order to select the Belarusian entry for the 2020 contest in Rotterdam, Netherlands. However, due to the 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Europe, the contest was cancelled.
The Eurovision Song Contest 2022 is set to be the 66th edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. The contest will take place in Italy, following the country's victory at the 2021 contest with the song "Zitti e buoni" by Måneskin. It will be the third time that Italy hosts the contest, having previously done so for the 1965 and 1991 contests, held in Naples and Rome respectively, as well as the first Eurovision event to be held in the country since the last edition of Jeux Sans Frontières in 1999. The contest is due to be organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Radiotelevisione italiana (RAI).
Greece participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 in Rotterdam, Netherlands. Greek-Dutch singer Stefania was internally selected by the Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT) with the song "Last Dance", written by Dimitris Kontopoulos, ARCADE, and Sharon Vaughn. Stefania was due to compete in the 2020 contest with "Supergirl" before the event's cancellation.
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