European Broadcasting Union

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European Broadcasting Union
Union européenne de radio-télévision
Predecessor International Broadcasting Union
Formation12 February 1950;74 years ago (1950-02-12)
TypeUnion of broadcasting organisations
Headquarters Geneva, Switzerland
  • 112 member organisations
  • (in 54 countries)
Official language
English, French
Delphine Ernotte [1]
Noel Curran
Website OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

The European Broadcasting Union (EBU; French: Union européenne de radio-télévision, UER) is an alliance of public service media organisations whose countries are within the European Broadcasting Area or who are members of the Council of Europe. As of 2024, it is made up of 123 member organisations from 56 countries, [2] and 31 associate members from a further 20 countries. [3] It was established in 1950, and has its administrative headquarters in Geneva.


The EBU owns and operates the Eurovision and Euroradio telecommunications networks on which major television and radio broadcasts are distributed live to its members. It also operates the daily Eurovision news exchange in which members share breaking news footage. In 2017, the EBU launched the Eurovision Social Newswire, an eyewitness and video verification service. Led by Head of Social Newsgathering, Derek Bowler, the service provides members of the EBU with verified and cleared-for-use newsworthy eyewitness media emerging on social media. [4]

The EBU, in co-operation with its members, produces programmes and organises events in which its members can participate, such as the Eurovision Song Contest, its best known production, or the Eurovision Debates between candidates for president of the European Commission for the 2014, 2019 and 2024 parliamentary elections. [5] The Director-General is Noel Curran since 2017.

General description

The classic opening ident that preceded all Eurovision network transmissions until 1994. The logotypes of both the sending and receiving companies were shown in the middle. This sample shows the old logo of the BBC. Eurovision old logo.svg
The classic opening ident that preceded all Eurovision network transmissions until 1994. The logotypes of both the sending and receiving companies were shown in the middle. This sample shows the old logo of the BBC.
European Commission presidency candidates at Eurovision Debate (May 2019). Left to right: Zahradil, Cue, Keller, Vestager, Timmermans, Weber. Debate of lead candidates for the European Commission presidency (40894703423).jpg
European Commission presidency candidates at Eurovision Debate (May 2019). Left to right: Zahradil, Cué, Keller, Vestager, Timmermans, Weber.

EBU members are public service media (PSM) broadcasters established by law but are non-partisan, independent and run for the benefit of society as a whole.

EBU members come from as far north as Iceland and as far south as Egypt, from Ireland in the west and Azerbaijan in the east, and almost every nation from geographical Europe in between. Associate members from the United States include ABC, CBS, NBC, CPB, NPR, APM and the only individual station, Chicago-based classical music radio WFMT. [3]

Membership is for media organisations whose countries are within the European Broadcasting Area, as defined by the International Telecommunication Union, or who are members of the Council of Europe. [6]

Members benefit from:

The EBU's highest-profile production is the Eurovision Song Contest. The EBU also organises the Eurovision Dance Contest, the Junior Eurovision Song Contest, the Eurovision Young Dancers competition, and other competitions which are modeled along similar lines.

Radio collaborations include Euroclassic Notturno—an overnight classical music stream, produced by BBC Radio 3 and broadcast in the United Kingdom as Through the Night—and special theme days, such as the annual Christmas music relays from around Europe. [7] The EBU is a member of the International Music Council.

Most EBU broadcasters have group deals to carry major sporting events including the FIFA World Cup and the inaugural European Championships. Another annually recurring event which is broadcast across Europe through the EBU is the Vienna New Year's Concert. [8]

Eurovision Media Services is the business arm of the EBU and provides media services for many media organisations and sports federations around the world.


The theme music played before and after every EBU broadcast is Marc-Antoine Charpentier's Prelude to Te Deum . It is played before and after the Eurovision Song Contest and other important events. [9]


EBU's previous logo used from 1994 to 17 June 2012. EBU logo.svg
EBU's previous logo used from 1994 to 17 June 2012.
Vienna New Year's Concert. The New Years Eve Concert 2013 at The Wiener Musikverein (8336464777).jpg
Vienna New Year's Concert.

The EBU was a successor to the International Broadcasting Union (IBU) that was founded in 1925 and had its administrative headquarters in Geneva and technical office in Brussels. It fostered programming exchanges between members and mediated technical disputes between members that were mostly concerned with frequency and interference issues. It was in effect taken over by Nazi Germany during the Second World War, and thereafter the Allies viewed it as a compromised organisation that they could not trust.

In the spring of 1946, representatives of the Soviet radio committee proposed forming a new organisation; however, at the same time preparations were being made for an inter-governmental "European Broadcasting Conference" in Copenhagen in 1948 to draw up a new plan for frequency use in the European Broadcasting Area. It was considered necessary to have an organisation that could implement the "Copenhagen Wavelength Plan" but there was disagreement among broadcasters and particularly a fear expressed by the BBC that a new association might be dominated by the USSR and its proposal to give each of its constituent states one vote. France proposed that it would have four votes with the inclusion of its North African colonies. The United Kingdom felt it would have little influence with just one vote.

On 27 June 1946, the alternative International Broadcasting Organisation (IBO) was founded with 26 members and without British participation. The following day the IBU met in General Assembly and an attempt was made to dissolve it but failed; though 18 of its 28 members left to join the IBO. [10] For a period of time in the late 1940s both the IBU and IBO vied for the role of organising frequencies but Britain decided to be in involved in neither. The BBC attempted but failed to find suitable working arrangements with them. However, for practical purposes, the IBO rented the IBU technical centre in Brussels and employed its staff. The BBC then proposed a new solution based on the IBO changing its constitution so there will be only one member per International Telecommunication Union (ITU) country, thus ensuring a Western majority over the USSR and its satellite states. In August 1949 a meeting took place in Stresa, Italy but it resulted in disagreement between delegates on how to resolve the problems. One proposal was for the European Broadcasting Area to be replaced by one that would exclude Eastern Europe, the Levant and North Africa.

After Stresa, a consensus emerged among the Western Europeans to form a new organisation and the BBC proposed it be based in London. Meetings in Paris on 31 October and 1 November 1949 sealed the fate of the IBU and IBO, but it was decided not to allow West Germany to be a founder of the new organisation. On 13 February 1950 the European Broadcasting Union had its first meeting with 23 members from the ITU defined European Broadcasting Area at the Imperial Hotel in Torquay, England, United Kingdom. The first president was Ian Jacob of the BBC who remained at the helm for 10 years while its operation was largely dominated by the BBC due to its financial, technical and staff input. The most important difference between the EBU and its predecessors was that EBU membership was for broadcasters and not governments. Early delegates said EBU meetings were cordial and professional and very different from the abrupt tone of its predecessors. West Germany was admitted in 1951 and a working relationship forged with the USSR's Organisation for International Radio and TV (OIRT) which existed in parallel with the EBU until its merger on 1 January 1993. [10]

In 1967, the first concert in the International Concert Season of the European Broadcasting Union was broadcast from the Queen Elizabeth Hall in London. [11]

Technical activities

The objective of the EBU's technical activities is simply to assist EBU Members (see below) in this period of unprecedented technological changes. This includes the provision of technical information to Members via conferences and workshops, as well as in written form (such as the EBU Technical Review, and the EBU tech-i magazine).

The EBU also encourages active collaboration between its Members on the basis that they can freely share their knowledge and experience, thus achieving considerably more than individual Members could achieve by themselves. Much of this collaboration is achieved through Project Groups which study specific technical issues of common interest: for example, EBU Members have long been preparing for the revision of the 1961 Stockholm Plan.

The EBU places great emphasis on the use of open standards. Widespread use of open standards (such as MPEG-2, DAB, DVB, etc.) ensures interoperability between products from different vendors, as well as facilitating the exchange of programme material between EBU Members and promoting "horizontal markets" for the benefit of all consumers.

EBU Members and the EBU Technical Department have long played an important role in the development of many systems used in radio and television broadcasting, such as:

The EBU has also actively encouraged the development and implementation of:


Greek state broadcaster (2013)

On 11 June 2013, the Greek government shut down the state broadcaster Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT) on short notice, citing government spending concerns related to the European debt crisis. [13] In response, the EBU set up a makeshift studio the same day near the former ERT offices in Athens in order to continue providing EBU members with the news-gathering and broadcast relay services which had formerly been provided by ERT. [14] The EBU put out a statement expressing its "profound dismay" at the shutdown, urging the Greek Prime Minister "to use all his powers to immediately reverse this decision" and offered the "advice, assistance and expertise necessary for ERT to be preserved". [15] Starting on 4 May 2014, the new state broadcaster New Hellenic Radio, Internet and Television (NERIT) began nationwide transmissions, taking over ERT's vacant active membership slot in the EBU. [16] On 11 June 2015, two years after ERT's closure, NERIT was renamed as Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT), [17] [18] which reopened with a comprehensive program in all radio stations (with nineteen regional, two world-range and five pan-Hellenic range radio stations) and three TV channels ERT1, ERT2 and ERT3.

Belarusian state broadcaster (2021)

The Belarusian Television and Radio Company (BTRC) has been accused of repressing its own employees, having fired more than 100 people since a wave of anti-Lukashenko protests in 2020 following alleged election fraud. Many of them have also been jailed. Many voices have been raised against the participation of Belarus and the BTRC in the otherwise unpolitical Eurovision Song Contest in 2021, the argument being that the EBU would make a political statement if it did endorse Belarus by essentially and silently saying that democracy is unimportant and so are basic human rights such as freedom of speech. [19]

On 28 May 2021, the EBU suspended the BTRC's membership as they had been "particularly alarmed by the broadcast of interviews apparently obtained under duress". BTRC was given two weeks to respond before the suspension came into effect, but did not do so publicly. [20] The suspension of the broadcaster was made effective on 1 July 2021. [21] [22] Although initial reports mentioned that it would expire after three years, in April 2024 the EBU confirmed that the suspension had been made indefinite. [23]

Russian state broadcasters (2022)

The three Russian members of the EBU, Channel One Russia, VGTRK, and Radio Dom Ostankino are all controlled by the Russian government. [24] On 21 February 2022, the Russian government recognized the independence of the Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics, disputed territories that are internationally recognized as part of Ukraine. Ukraine's public broadcaster Suspilne called on the EBU to terminate the membership of Channel One Russia and VGTRK, and to consider preventing Russia from participating in the Eurovision Song Contest 2022, citing the Russian government's use of both outlets to spread disinformation surrounding the Russo-Ukrainian war. [25] Following the Russian invasion of Ukraine, several other public broadcasters joined UA:PBC in calling for Russia's exclusion from the 2022 Contest; Finland's Yle and Estonia's ERR stated that they would not send a representative if Russia was allowed to participate. [26] [27] After initially stating that both Russia and Ukraine would be allowed to compete, [28] the EBU announced on 25 February 2022 that it would ban Russia from participating in the Contest. [29]

The three Russian broadcasters announced, via a statement released by Russian state media, that they would withdraw from the EBU on 26 February, citing increased politicization of the organization. [30] The EBU released a statement saying that it was aware of the reports, but that it had not received any formal confirmation. [31] On 1 March, a further statement from the EBU announced that it had suspended its Russian members from its governance structures. [32] On 26 May, the EBU made effective the suspension of its Russian members indefinitely. [33] [34]

In 2023, an extensive investigation by the EBU Investigative Journalism Network uncovered evidence of a Kremlin-sponsored initiative to take Ukrainian children from the war-torn country to Russia, a war crime under international law. [35]


Map of EBU members in Europe (as of May 2024) European Broadcasting Union members map.svg
Map of EBU members in Europe (as of May 2024)
Countries with active EBU membership coloured in order of accession from 1950. EBU enlargement animation.gif
Countries with active EBU membership coloured in order of accession from 1950.

As of June 2024, the list of EBU members comprises the following 77 broadcasting companies from 56 countries. [2]

Current members

CountryBroadcasting organisationAbbr.Year
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania Albanian Radio-Television (Radio Televizioni Shqiptar)RTSH1999
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria Public Establishment of Television (المؤسّسة العمومية للتلفزيون, Établissement public de télévision)EPTV1970
National Sound Broadcasting Company (المؤسسة العمومية للبث الإذاعي, Entreprise nationale de radiodiffusion sonore)ENRS
Algerian Broadcasting Company (البث الإذاعي والتلفزي الجزائري, Télédiffusion d'Algérie)TDA
Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra Radio and Television of Andorra (Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra)RTVA2002
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia Public Television Company of Armenia (Հայաստանի Հանրային Հեռուստաընկերություն, Hayastani Hanrayin Herrustaynkerut'yun)ARMTV
Public Radio of Armenia (Հայաստանի Հանրային Ռադիո, Hayastani Hanrayin Radio)ARMR
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Österreichischer Rundfunk ORF1953
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan İctimai Televiziya və Radio Yayımları Şirkəti: İCTI/İTV2007
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroeporganisatie VRT1950
Radio-Télévision Belge de la Communauté Française RTBF
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina Radio and Television of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosanskohercegovačka radiotelevizija)BHRT1993
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Bulgarian National Radio (Българско национално радио, Bǎlgarsko nacionalno radio)BNR
Bulgarian National Television (Българска национална телевизия, Balgarska natsionalna televizia)BNT
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Croatian Radiotelevision (Hrvatska radiotelevizija)HRT1993
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (Ραδιοφωνικό Ίδρυμα Κύπρου, Radiofonikó Ídryma Kýprou, Kıbrıs Radyo Yayın Kurumu)CyBC
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechia Český rozhlas ČRo1993
Česká televize ČT
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Danmarks Radio DR1950
TV2 Danmark DK/TV21989
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt National Media Authority (الهيئة الوطنية للإعلام)NTU1985
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia Eesti Rahvusringhääling : ERR1993
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Yleisradio (Rundradion)Yle1950
Flag of France.svg  France Groupe de Radiodiffusion Française: GRF1950
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia Georgian Public Broadcaster (საქართველოს საზოგადოებრივი მაუწყებელი, sakartvelos sazogadoebrivi mauts'q'ebeli)GPB
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (The Working Group of Public Broadcasters in the Federal Republic of Germany, ARD): ARD1952
Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen (Second German Television)ZDF1963
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (Ελληνική Ραδιοφωνία Τηλεόραση, Ellinikí Radiofonía Tileórasi)ERT1950–2013,
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Médiaszolgáltatás-támogató és Vagyonkezelő Alap (Media Support and Asset Management Fund): MTVA2014
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland Ríkisútvarpið RÚV1956
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Raidió Teilifís Éireann RTÉ1950
TG4 TG42007
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (תַּאֲגִיד הַשִׁיְדּוּר הַיִשְׂרָאֵלִי, Taʾăḡid HaŠidûr HaYiśrāʾēli) (هَيْئَة اَلْبَثّ اَلْإِسْرَائِيلي, Hayʾat al-Baṯṯ al-Isrāʾīlī)KAN2017
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy RAI – Radiotelevisione Italiana RAI1950
Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan Jordan Radio and Television Corporation (مؤسسة الإذاعة والتلفزيون الأردني)JRTV1970
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia Public Broadcasting of Latvia (Latvijas Sabiedriskie mediji): LSM1993
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon Télé Liban (تلفزيون لبنان)TL1950
Flag of Libya.svg  Libya Libya National Channel (قناة ليبيا الوطنية)LNC2011
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania Lithuanian National Radio and Television (Lietuvos nacionalinis radijas ir televizija)LRT1993
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg RTL Group RTL1950
Établissement de Radiodiffusion Socioculturelle du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg ERSL1996
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta Public Broadcasting Services PBS1970
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova Compania Națională "Teleradio-Moldova" TRM1993
Flag of Monaco.svg  Monaco Monaco Media Diffusion MMD1994
TVMonaco TVM2024
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro Radio i televizija Crne Gore (Радио и телевизија Црне Горе)RTCG
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco Société Nationale de Radiodiffusion et de Télévision (الشَرِكَة الوَطَنِيَّة لِلْإِذَاعَة وَالتَلْفَزَة, ⵜⴰⵎⵙⵙⵓⵔⵜ ⵜⴰⵏⴰⵎⵓⵔⵜ ⵏ ⵓⵏⵣⵡⴰⵢ ⴷ ⵜⵉⵍⵉⴼⵉⵣⵢⵓⵏ)SNRT1950
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Nederlandse Publieke Omroep (Dutch Public Broadcaster): NPO1950
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia Macedonian Radio Television (Македонска Радио Телевизиjа, Makedonska radio televizija)MRT
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Norsk Rikskringkasting NRK1950
TV 2 Group (TV 2 Gruppen)NO/TV21993
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Telewizja Polska TVP1993
Polskie Radio PR
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Rádio e Televisão de Portugal RTP1950
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Societatea Română de Radiodifuziune ROR1993
Societatea Română de Televiziune RO/TVR
Flag of San Marino.svg  San Marino San Marino RTV SMRTV1995
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia Radio-televizija Srbije (Радио-телевизија Србије)RTS2006
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Radio and Television of Slovakia (Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska)RTVS2011
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Radiotelevizija Slovenija RTVSLO1993
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Radiotelevisión Española RTVE1955
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Sveriges Rundradiotjänst : SRT1950
Flag of Switzerland (Pantone).svg   Switzerland Swiss Broadcasting Corporation: SRG SSR1950
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Établissement de la Radio Tunisienne (مؤسسة الإذاعة التونسية)RTT2007
Établissement de la Télévision Tunisienne (مؤسسة التلفزة التونسية)
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Türkiye Radyo ve Televizyon Kurumu TRT1950
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine (Національна суспільна телерадіокомпанія України, Natsionalna Suspilna Teleradiokompaniya Ukrayiny)SU1993
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom British Broadcasting Corporation BBC1950
United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting: UKIB1981
Flag of the Vatican City (2023-present).svg  Vatican City Vatican Radio (Radio Vaticana, Statio Radiophonica Vaticana)VR1950

Suspended members

CountryBroadcasting organisationAbbr.YearSuspended
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus National State TV and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus BTRC19932021 [23]
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Channel One Russia C1R19952022 [36] [37]
All-Russia State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company VGTRK1993
Radio Dom Ostankino: RDO1996

Past members

CountryBroadcasting organisationAbbr.FromTo
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak Television (Československá televize)ČST1991 [38] 1992 [lower-alpha 1]
Flag of Finland.svg Finland MTV3 FI/MTV19932019 [39]
Flag of France.svg France Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française RTF19501964
Office de Radiodiffusion Télévision Française ORTF19641975
Télédiffusion de France TDF19751982
TF1 TF119752018
Europe 1 E119782022
Organisme Français de Radiodiffusion et de TélévisionOFRT19831992 [lower-alpha 2]
Canal+ C+19842018
Flag of Greece.svg Greece New Hellenic Radio, Internet and Television (Νέα Ελληνική Ραδιοφωνία, Ίντερνετ και Τηλεόραση, Néa Ellinikí Radiofonía, Ínternet kai Tileórasi)NERIT20142015 [lower-alpha 3]
Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary Duna TV Duna20132015 [lower-alpha 4]
Magyar Rádió MR1993
Magyar Televízió MTV
Flag of Israel.svg Israel Israel Broadcasting Authority (רָשׁוּת השִּׁדּוּר, Rashút HaShidúr)IBA19572017 [lower-alpha 5]
Flag of Libya (1977-2011).svg  Libya Libyan Jamahiriya Broadcasting Corporation (الجماهيرية اللّيبيّة)LJBC19742011
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta Maltese Broadcasting Authority MBA19702003
Flag of Monaco.svg  Monaco Groupement de Radiodiffuseurs Monégasques: GRMC19502021
Telemontecarlo (now La7)TMC19812001
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Channel One Ostankino  [ ru ] (Первый канал Останкино)C1O19941995 [lower-alpha 6]
Flag of Yugoslavia (1992-2003); Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2006).svg  Serbia and Montenegro Udruženje javnih radija i televizija (Alliance of Public Radio and Television)UJRT20012006 [lower-alpha 7]
Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia Slovenský rozhlas SRo19932011 [lower-alpha 8]
Slovenská televízia STV
Flag of Spain.svg Spain Antena 3 Radio A3R19861993
Radio Popular SA COPE COPE19982019 [40]
Sociedad Española de Radiodifusión SER19822020
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden TV4 SE/TV420042019 [41]
Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia Établissement de la radiodiffusion-télévision tunisienne (Tunisian Radio and Television Establishment)ERTT19902007 [lower-alpha 9]
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Independent Television Authority ITA19591972
Independent Television Companies AssociationITCA19591981
Independent Broadcasting Authority IBA19721981 [lower-alpha 10]
Commercial Radio Companies Association (now Radiocentre)CRCA1981 [lower-alpha 11] 2006
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia Yugoslav Radio Television (Југослoвенска радиотелевизија, Jugoslavenska radiotelevizija)JRT19501992

Associate members

Countries with Associate EBU Membership. EBU Associate Members.svg
Countries with Associate EBU Membership.

Any group or organisation from an International Telecommunication Union (ITU) member country, which provides a radio or television service outside of the European Broadcasting Area, is permitted to submit applications to the EBU for Associate Membership. [43]

It is also noted by the EBU that any country that is granted Associate Member status does not gain access into Eurovision events [3] with the notable exceptions of Australia, who have participated in the Eurovision Song Contest and the Junior Eurovision Song Contest since 2015, Canada in Eurovision Young Dancers between 1987 and 1989 and Kazakhstan, who have participated in Junior Eurovision since 2018, all of which were individually invited.

The list of Associate Members of EBU comprised the following 31 broadcasting companies from 20 countries as of December 2023. [3]

CountryBroadcasting organisationAbbr.Year
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Australian Broadcasting Corporation ABC1950
FreeTV Australia Free1962
Special Broadcasting Service SBS1979
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh National Broadcasting Authority of Bangladesh NBAB1974
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil TV Cultura (Fundação Padre Anchieta)FPA2012
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (Société Radio-Canada)CBC1950
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Canal 13 C131971
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China China Media Group (中央广播电视总台)CMG2010
Shanghai Media Group (上海文化廣播影視集團有限公司)SMG2016
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba Cuban Institute of Radio and Television (Instituto Cubano de Radio y Televisión)ICRT1992
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia Teleimedi TEME2004
Rustavi 2 (რუსთავი 2)RB2003
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong Radio Television Hong Kong (香港電台)RTHK1983
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (صدا و سيمای جمهوری اسلامی ايران)IRIB1968
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai (日本放送協会)NHK1951
TBS Holdings (TBSホールディングス)TBS2000
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan Khabar Agency ("Хабар" Агенттігі, Агентство «Хабар»)KA2016
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia Radio Television of Malaysia (Radio Televisyen Malaysia, راديو تيليۏيشن مليسيا‎)RTM1970
Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation MBC1980
Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal Association of Community Radio Broadcasters NepalACORAB2023
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Radio New Zealand (Te Reo Irirangi o Aotearoa)RNZ1950
Television New Zealand (Te Reo Tātaki o Aotearoa)TVNZ1980
Flag of Oman.svg  Oman Public Authority for Radio and TV of Oman PART1976
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Korean Broadcasting System (한국방송공사)KBS1974
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria General Organization of Radio and TV
(Organisation de la Radio-Télévision Arabe Syrienne, الهيئة العامة للإذاعة والتلفزيون – سورية)
Flag of the United States.svg  United States American Broadcasting Company ABC1959
American Public Media APM2004
Columbia Broadcasting System CBS1956
National Public Radio NPR1971
National Broadcasting Company NBC1953
WFMT Radio Network WFMT1980

Past associate members

The list of past associate members of EBU comprises the following 94 broadcasting companies from 55 countries and 1 autonomous territory. [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57]

CountryBroadcasting organisationAbbr.FromTo
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Canal 7 C71970
El Trece C131973
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Australian Fine Music NetworkAFMN20082010
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas Broadcasting Corporation of The Bahamas BCB1975
Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados Caribbean Broadcasting Corporation BB/CBC19712005
Flag of Benin.svg  Benin Radiodiffusion du Dahomey RD1975
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Associação Brasileira das Emissoras de Rádio e Televisão ABERT
Diários Associados DA
Emissoras Unidas de Rádio e Televisão  [ pt ]EURT1969
TV Globo GLOBO1970
Network of Independent Broadcasters (Rede de Emissoras Independentes)REI19741975
Rádio Nacional RN19741975
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada CTV Television Network CTV1969
Agency for Tele-Education in CanadaATEC19751981
Flag of Chad.svg  Chad Chadian National Radio (Radiodiffusion Nationale Tchadienne)RNT1974
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Televisión Nacional de Chile TVN1970
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Instituto Nacional de Radio y Televisión IRV1970
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg  Congo Radiodiffusion Télévision Congolaise RTC1974
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica Telesistema Nacional S.R.L.TSN19691971
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador Teleamazonas 4TA1975
Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon Radiodiffusion-Télévision Gabonaise RTG
Flag of The Gambia.svg  Gambia Gambia Radio & Television Service GRTS2010
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana Ghana Broadcasting Corporation GBC
Flag of Greenland.svg  Greenland Kalaallit Nunaata Radioa (Greenlandic Broadcasting Corporation)KNR19782011
Flag of Guyana.svg  Guyana Guyana Broadcasting Service GBS1977
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti Service des Télécommunications1969
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras Televisora de Honduras, S.A.TH19691971
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong Asia Television (亞洲電視有限公司)ATV2010
Television Broadcasts Limited TVB19732012/2013
Flag of India.svg  India All India Radio AIR19792021
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia Radio Republik Indonesia RRI19731981
Televisi Republik Indonesia TVRI19731981
Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972).svg  Iraq Iraqi Broadcasting and Television EstablishmentIBTE
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast Radiodiffusion Television Ivoirienne RTI
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica Jamaica Broadcasting Corporation JBC19701981
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Mainichi Broadcasting System (株式会社毎日放送, Kabushiki-gaisha Mainichi Hōsō)MBS1970
TV Asahi ANB2009
Fuji Television FTN19692012/2013
National Association of Commercial Broadcasters in Japan NACB2012/2013
Nippon Television Network Corporation (日本テレビ放送網株式会社, Nihon Terebi Hōsōmō kabushiki gaisha)NTV2009
Tokyo FM TFM19862021
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya The Voice of Kenya VK
Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait Kuwait Broadcasting and Television Service KBTS1970
Flag of Liberia.svg  Liberia Liberian Broadcasting Corporation LBC1981
Flag of Madagascar.svg  Madagascar Radiodiffusion-Télévision de Madagascar RTM1971
Flag of Malawi.svg  Malawi Malawi Broadcasting Corporation MBC
Flag of Mauritania (1959-2017).svg  Mauritania Television of Mauritania MR/TVM20032013
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Telesistema Mexicano TSM1973
Televisión Independiente de México (Mexican Independent Television)TIM19691973
Tele-Cadena Mexicana TCM19691973
Televisa SA de CV TVA19732005
Corporación Mexicana de Radio y Televisión CMRT1973
Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal Nepal Television (नेपाल टेलिभिजन)NTVC2010
Flag of Niger.svg  Niger Office de radiodiffusion et Télévision du Niger ORTN1981
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria Nigerian Broadcasting Corporation NBC
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Radio Pakistan (ریڈیو پاکستان)RP1974
Pakistan Television Corporation (پاکستان ٹیلی وژن نیٹ ورک)PK/PTV19712010
Flag of Palestine.svg  Palestine Palestinian Broadcasting Corporation (هيئة الإذاعة والتلفزيون الفلسطينية)PBC20022014
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea National Broadcasting Corporation NBC1977
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru Teledos T219691971
Compañía Peruana de Radiodifusión AMÉRICA1969
Panamericana Televisión PANTEL1969
Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar Qatar Television and Broadcasting Service QTBC1973
Al Jazeera Children's Channel JCC20082013
Qatar Radio (إذاعة قطر‎)QR20092009
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian Broadcasting and Television Service SABTVS
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal Radiodiffusion Télévision Sénégalaise RTS19732006
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka Ceylon Broadcasting Corporation CBC1973
Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation (ශ්‍රී ලංකා ගුවන් විදුලි සංස්ථාව, Shrī Lankā Guvan Viduli Sansthāva) (இலங்கை ஒலிபரப்புக் கூட்டுத்தாபனம், Ilangkai Oliparappuk Kūṭṭuttāpaṉam)SLBC20072010
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa South African Broadcasting Corporation SABC19512022
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (주식회사문화방송)MBC2009
Flag of Sudan.svg  Sudan Sudan Television Service STS1976
Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania Tanzania Broadcasting Corporation TBC
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates Emirates Media Inc.EMI2006
United Arab Emirates Radio And Television – DubaiUAERTVD2006
Flag of the United States.svg  United States National Association of Educational Broadcasters NAEB1981
Time Life Television TIME1970
United States Information Agency USIA
National Educational Television NET1970
Educational Broadcasting Corporation EBC1971
Corporation for Public Broadcasting CPB1972
Cable News Network CNN
International Broadcasting Bureau IBB2007
Minnesota Public Radio MPR20042007
New York Public Radio NYPR20122016
WGBH Educational Foundation WGBH20142014
Flag of Upper Volta.svg  Upper Volta Radiodiffusion-Télévision Voltaïque RTV1981
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Sociedad Televisora Larrañaga (Tele 12)C1219701976
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela Teleinversiones S.A.19691970
Corporación Venezolana de Televisión VV1973
Radio Caracas Televisión RCTV2010
Radio Caracas Radio RCR2010
Flag of Zaire (1971-1997).svg  Zaire La Voix du Zaïre VZ
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation ZBC2010

Approved participant members

Any groups or organisations from a country with International Telecommunication Union (ITU) membership, which does not qualify for either the EBU's Active or Associate memberships, but still provide a broadcasting activity for the EBU, are granted a unique Approved Participants membership, which lasts approximately five years. An application for this status may be submitted to the EBU at any given time, providing an annual fee is paid. [58]

The following seven EBU broadcast members had status as Approved Participants in June 2024. [59]

Broadcasting OrganisationAbbr.
Catalunya Música CAT
JP Makedonska RadiodifuzijaJP MRD
Radio Television of Vojvodina RTV
TV5Monde TV5

The following members previously had status as Approved Participants. [45] [44]

Broadcasting OrganisationAbbr.
Antenna Hungária  [ hu ]AH
Abertis Telecom S.A. ABERTIS
International Radio and Television Union (Université radiophonique et télévisuelle internationale)URTI
MBC Limited – Middle East Broadcasting Centre MEBC
Retevisión RETE
Russian Television and Radio Broadcasting Network RTRN
Sentech SNTC

Organised events

The EBU in co-operation with the respective host broadcaster organises competitions and events in which its members can participate if they wish to do so. These include:

Eurovision Song Contest

A replica of the Eurovision Song Contest trophy on display in Rotterdam, host city of the 2021 edition. Eurovision-2021-microphone-Rotterdam-Centraal.jpg
A replica of the Eurovision Song Contest trophy on display in Rotterdam, host city of the 2021 edition.

The Eurovision Song Contest (French : Concours Eurovision de la chanson) [60] is an annual international song competition between EBU members, that was first held in Lugano, Switzerland, on 24 May 1956. Seven countries participated – each submitting two songs, for a total of 14. This was the only contest in which more than one song per country was performed: since 1957, all contests have allowed one entry per country. The 1956 contest was won by the host nation, Switzerland. [61] The most recent host city was Malmö, Sweden, where Switzerland won the competition.

Let the Peoples Sing

Let the Peoples Sing is a biennial choir competition, the participants of which are chosen from radio recordings entered by EBU radio members. The final, encompassing three categories and around ten choirs, is offered as a live broadcast to all EBU members. The overall winner is awarded the Silver Rose Bowl.

Jeux sans frontières

Jeux sans frontières (English: Games without frontiers, or Games Without Borders) was a Europe-wide television game show. In its original conception, it was broadcast from 1965 to 1999 under the auspices of the EBU. The original series' run ended in 1982, but was revived in 1988 with a different composition of nations and was hosted by smaller broadcasters.

Eurovision Young Musicians

Eurovision Young Musicians is a competition for European musicians that are between the ages of 12 and 21 years old. It is organised by the EBU and is a member of EMCY. The first competition was held in Manchester, United Kingdom on 11 May 1982.

The televised competition is held every two years, with some countries holding national heats. Since its inaugural edition in 1982, it has become one of the most important music competitions on an international level.

Eurovision Young Dancers

Eurovision Young Dancers was a biennial dance showcase broadcast on television throughout Europe. The first competition was held in Reggio Emilia, Italy on 16 June 1985.

It uses a format similar to the Eurovision Song Contest. Every participating country has the opportunity to send a dance act to compete for the title of "Eurovision Young Dancer". The competition is for solo dancers, and all contestants must be between the ages of 16 and 21, and not professionally engaged.

Euroclassic Notturno

Euroclassic Notturno is a six-hour sequence of classical music recordings, assembled by BBC Radio from material supplied by EBU members and streamed back to those broadcasters by satellite for use in their overnight classical-music schedules. The recordings used are taken not from commercial CDs, but from earlier (usually live) radio broadcasts. [62] [63]

Junior Eurovision Song Contest

The Junior Eurovision Song Contest (French : Concours Eurovision de la Chanson Junior) [64] is an annual international song competition that was first held in Copenhagen, Denmark, on 15 November 2003. Sixteen countries participated in the inaugural edition, with each submitting one song, for a total of 16 entries. The inaugural contest was won by Croatia. The winner of the most recent contest, which took place in Nice, France, is France. [65]

Eurovision Dance Contest

The Eurovision Dance Contest (not to be confused with the Eurovision Young Dancers Competition ) was an international dancing competition that was held for the first time in London, United Kingdom, on 1 September 2007. The competition was repeated in 2008 when it was held in Glasgow, United Kingdom, but has not been held since.

Eurovision Magic Circus Show

The Eurovision Magic Circus Show was an entertainment show organised by the EBU, which took place in 2010, 2011 and 2012 in Geneva. Children aged between 7–14 representing eight countries within the EBU membership area performed a variety of circus acts at the Geneva Christmas Circus (French : Cirque de Noël Genève). The main show was also accompanied by the Magic Circus Show Orchestra. [66]

Eurovision Choir

The inaugural Eurovision Choir, featuring non-professional choirs selected by EBU members, took place on 22 July 2017 in Riga, hosted by the Latvian broadcaster Latvijas Televīzija (LTV). Nine countries took part in the first edition. Carmen Manet from Slovenia was the first winner.

European Sports Championships

The European Sports Championships is a multi-sport event involving some of the leading sports in Europe. The European Governing Bodies for athletics, aquatics, cycling, rowing, golf, gymnastics and triathlon, coordinated their individual championships as part of the first edition [67] in the summer of 2018, hosted by the cities of Berlin (already chosen as the host for the 2018 European Athletics Championships) and Glasgow (already chosen as the host for the 2018 European Aquatics Championships, and which concurrently also hosted the events of the other sports). [68] [69]

See also


  1. Succeeded by Česká televize (ČT) of the Czech Republic and Slovenská televízia (STV) of Slovakia
  2. Succeeded by Groupement des Radiodiffuseurs Français de l'UER (GRF)
  3. Succeeded again by Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT)
  4. Succeeded by Duna Media Service; operated by Media Support and Asset Management Fund (MTVA)
  5. Succeeded by the Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (KAN)
  6. Succeeded by Channel One (C1R)
  7. Succeeded by Radio i televizija Crne Gore (RTCG) of Montenegro and Radiotelevizija Srbije (RTS) of Serbia separately (previously these were sub-broadcasters of UJRT)
  8. Succeeded by Radio and Television of Slovakia (RTVS)
  9. Succeeded by Radio and Télévision Tunisienne (RTT)
  10. Succeeded by United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting (UKIB)
  11. Founded as Association of Independent Radio Contractors (AIRC) in 1973. It became CRCA in 1996 and merged with Radio Advertising Bureau in 2006 to create Radiocentre. [42]

Related Research Articles

Eurovision is a pan-European television telecommunications network owned and operated by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). It was founded in 1954 in Geneva, Switzerland, and its first official transmission took place on 6 June 1954. However, a year before the official launch, on 2 June 1953 the coronation of Elizabeth II was one of the first events to be broadcast across Europe.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Eurovision Song Contest 2006</span> International song competition

The Eurovision Song Contest 2006 was the 51st edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Athens, Greece, following the country's victory at the 2005 contest with the song "My Number One" by Helena Paparizou. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT), the contest was held at the Olympic Indoor Hall, and consisted of a semi-final on 18 May, and a final on 20 May 2006. The two live shows were presented by American television personality Maria Menounos and Greek former contestant Sakis Rouvas.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Belarus in the Eurovision Song Contest</span> Overview of Belarus participation in the annual song contest

Belarus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 16 times, making its debut in 2004 and having its last appearance in 2019. The country has been unable to participate in future contests following the European Broadcasting Union's (EBU) suspension of broadcaster BTRC from the EBU, which became effective in June 2021. The country's first appearance in a final was in 2007, with the song "Work Your Magic" performed by Dmitry Koldun, where it placed sixth; this remains Belarus' only top ten placement. Belarus also qualified for the final in 2010, 2013, 2014, 2017 and 2019. More recently, the nation had planned to take part in the canceled 2020 contest and was disqualified from taking part in the 2021 contest.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Greece in the Eurovision Song Contest</span>

Greece has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 44 times since its debut in 1974, missing six contests in that time. Greece's first win came in 2005 with "My Number One", sung by Helena Paparizou. The Greek national broadcaster, Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT), broadcasts the event each year and organises the process for the selection of the Greek entry. Greece has never finished last in the contest.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Belarus in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest</span>

Belarus has participated in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest in every edition since its inception in 2003 until 2020. The Belarusian Television and Radio Company (BTRC), then a member organisation of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), has been responsible for the selection process of its participants since its debut. The country hosted the contest at the Minsk-Arena in 2010 and again in 2018.

Greece participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2009 with the song "This Is Our Night" written by Dimitris Kontopoulos, Craig Porteils and Cameron Giles-Webb and performed by Sakis Rouvas. To select their entry for the 2009 contest, which was held in Moscow, Russia, the Greek national broadcaster Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT) internally selected Rouvas, while his song was chosen through the televised national final Ellinikós Telikós 2009, which consisted of three candidate songs voted upon by the public and a jury.

Belarus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 with the song "Butterflies" written by Maxim Fadeev, Robert Wells and Malka Chaplin. The song was performed by the group 3+2 featuring Robert Wells, who were internally selected by the Belarusian broadcaster National State Television and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus (BTRC) to represent the nation at the 2010 contest in Oslo, Norway after broadcaster All-National TV (ONT), which was to take over BTRC, failed to receive EBU membership. 3+2 and the song "Far Away" were initially announced as the Belarusian entry on 25 February 2010, however the band opted to withdraw their song and the replacement entry, "Butterflies", was announced on 19 March 2010.

Greece participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2013 with the song "Alcohol Is Free", written by Elias Kozas and Stathis Pahidis. The song was performed by the band Koza Mostra featuring Agathonas Iakovidis. The entry for the 2013 contest, which took place in Malmö, Sweden, was selected through a four-participant national final entitled Eurosong 2013 – a MAD show. Due to budget cuts facing the Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT) at the time, the selection process was a organised by a private music channel, MAD TV.

Belarus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2015 with the song "Time" written by Uzari, Gerylana and Maimuna. The song was performed by Uzari and Maimuna. The Belarusian entry for the 2015 contest in Vienna, Austria was selected through a national final organised by the Belarusian broadcaster National State Television and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus (BTRC). The national final consisted of fifteen competing acts participating in a televised production where "Time" performed by Uzari and Maimuna was selected as the winner following the combination of votes from a jury panel and public televoting.

Belarus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2016 with the song "Help You Fly" written by Viktor Drobysh, Alexander Ivanov, Timofei Leontiev and Mary Susan Applegate. The song was performed by Ivan, which is the artistic name of singer Alexander Ivanov. The Belarusian entry for the 2016 contest in Stockholm, Sweden was selected through a national final organised by the Belarusian broadcaster National State Television and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus (BTRC). The national final consisted of ten competing acts participating in a televised production where public televoting selected the winner. "Help You Fly" performed by Ivan was selected as the winner with 23,167 votes.

Greece participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2016 with the song "Utopian Land" written by Vladimiros Sofianidis and performed by the band Argo. The song was internally selected by the Greek broadcaster Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT) to represent Greece at the 2016 contest in Stockholm, Sweden. Argo were announced as the Greek representatives in February 2016, a month before their song "Utopian Land" was presented.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Russia–Ukraine relations in the Eurovision Song Contest</span> Bilateral relations

Russia participated in the Eurovision Song Contest, a pan-European music competition, from 1994 to 2021, while Ukraine has participated since 2003. Russia and Ukraine had positive relations for several years, and have exchanged top-3 points with each other several times over the years. Barring a minor dispute over Ukraine's 2007 entry "Dancing Lasha Tumbai", notable conflicts began to emerge between the two countries at Eurovision in the wake of Russia's annexation of Crimea from Ukraine in 2014.

Belarus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019 with the song "Like It" written by Yulia Kireeva, Viktor Drobysh and Zinaida Kupriyanovich. The song was performed by Zena, which is the artistic name of singer Zinaida Kupriyanovich. The Belarusian entry for the 2019 contest in Tel Aviv, Israel was selected through the national final Natsionalny Otbor, which was organised by the Belarusian broadcaster National State Television and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus (BTRC). The national final consisted of ten competing acts participating in a televised production where a jury panel selected "Like It" performed by Zena as the winner.

Belarus originally planned to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest 2020 with the song "Da vidna" written by Uladzislaŭ Paškievič, Valeryja Hrybusava and Mikita Najdzionaŭ. The song was performed by the band VAL. The Belarusian entry for the 2020 contest in Rotterdam, Netherlands was selected through the national final Natsionalny Otbor, which was organised by the Belarusian broadcaster National State Television and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus (BTRC). The national final consisted of twelve competing acts participating in a televised production where "Da vidna" performed by VAL was selected as the winner following the combination of votes from a jury panel and public televoting.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Eurovision Song Contest 2022</span> International song competition

The Eurovision Song Contest 2022 was the 66th edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Turin, Italy, following the country's victory at the 2021 contest with the song "Zitti e buoni" by Måneskin. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Radiotelevisione italiana (RAI), the contest was held at the PalaOlimpico, and consisted of two semi-finals on 10 and 12 May, and a final on 14 May 2022. The three live shows were presented by Italian television presenter Alessandro Cattelan, Italian singer Laura Pausini and Lebanese-born British-French singer Mika.

Belarus had originally planned to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 in Rotterdam, Netherlands. They internally selected Galasy ZMesta as their representative, initially with the song "Ya nauchu tebya ", but the entry was deemed ineligible to compete by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) due to violation of the contest's rules against political entries. After their replacement entry "Pesnyu pro zaytsa " was also deemed ineligible, Belarus was disqualified from the contest on 26 March 2021. This was the first time Belarus was absent from the contest since the country's debut in 2004. Belarus was originally set to compete in the first half of the first semi-final on 18 May 2021.

The Eurovision Song Contest is an international song competition organised annually by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) which features participants representing primarily European countries. One of the stated aims of the contest is that the event is of a non-political nature, and participating broadcasters and performers are precluded from promoting or referring to anything of a political, commercial or similar nature during the contest. However, several controversial moments have occurred since the event's creation in 1956, which have included political tensions between competing countries being reflected in the contest's performances and voting, disqualification of entries due to political references in song lyrics, and demonstrations against certain countries competing due to said country's politics and policies.

Russia was scheduled to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest 2022 in Turin, Italy. However, on 25 February 2022, due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) excluded Russia from participating. Russia was originally set to perform in the second half of the first semi-final on 10 May 2022.


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