European Broadcasting Union

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European Broadcasting Union
French: Union européenne de radio-télévision
European Broadcasting Union logo.svg
EBU Member Elliptic.svg
Countries with one or more members are in dark blue. Associated members in light blue.
Predecessor International Broadcasting Union
Formation12 February 1950;71 years ago (1950-02-12)
TypeUnion of broadcasting organisations
Headquarters Geneva, Switzerland
Membership
  • 115 member organisations
  • (in 56 countries)
Official language
English, French
President
Delphine Ernotte [1]
Website Official Website

The European Broadcasting Union (EBU; French : Union européenne de radio-télévision, UER) is an alliance of public service media organisations, established on 12 February 1950. The organisation is made up of 115 member organisations in 56 countries, [2] and 31 associate members from a further 20 countries. [3] It is best known for producing the Eurovision Song Contest. It also hosted debates between candidates for the European Commission presidency for the 2014 and 2019 parliamentary elections but is unrelated to the European Union itself. [4]

Contents

General description

The classic opening ident that preceded all Eurovision network transmissions until 1993. The logotypes of both the sending and receiving companies were shown in the middle. This sample shows the old logo of the BBC. Eurovision old logo.svg
The classic opening ident that preceded all Eurovision network transmissions until 1993. The logotypes of both the sending and receiving companies were shown in the middle. This sample shows the old logo of the BBC.
European Commission presidency candidates at Eurovision Debate (May 2019). Left to right: Zahradil, Cue, Keller, Vestager, Timmermans, Weber Debate of lead candidates for the European Commission presidency (40894703423).jpg
European Commission presidency candidates at Eurovision Debate (May 2019). Left to right: Zahradil, Cué, Keller, Vestager, Timmermans, Weber

EBU members are public service media (PSM) broadcasters whose output is made, financed and controlled by the public, for the public. PSM broadcasters are often established by law but are non-partisan, independent and run for the benefit of society as a whole.

EBU members come from as far north as Iceland and as far south as Egypt, from Ireland in the west and Azerbaijan in the east, and almost every nation from geographical Europe in between. Associate Members are from countries and territories beyond Europe, such as Canada, Japan, India and China. Associate members from the United States include ABC, CBS, NBC, CPB, NPR, APM and the only individual station, Chicago-based classical music radio WFMT.[ citation needed ]

Membership is for media organisations whose countries are within the European Broadcasting Area (EBA), as defined by the International Telecommunication Union, or who are members of the Council of Europe. [5]

Members benefit from:

The EBU's highest-profile production is the Eurovision Song Contest. The EBU also organises the Eurovision Dance Contest, the Junior Eurovision Song Contest, the Eurovision Young Dancers competition, and other competitions which are modeled along similar lines.

Radio collaborations include Euroclassic Notturno – an overnight classical music stream, produced by BBC Radio 3 and broadcast in the United Kingdom as Through the Night – and special theme days, such as the annual Christmas music relays from around Europe. [6] The EBU is a member of the International Music Council.

Most EBU broadcasters have group deals to carry major sporting events including the FIFA World Cup and the inaugural European Championships. Another annually recurring event which is broadcast across Europe through the EBU is the Vienna New Year's Concert. [7]

Eurovision Media Services is the business arm of the EBU and provides first-class media services for many media organisations and sports federations around the world.

The theme music played before EBU broadcasts is Marc-Antoine Charpentier's Prelude to Te Deum . It is well known to Europeans as it is played before and after the Eurovision Song Contest and other important events. [8]

History

EBU's previous logo used from 1994 to 17 June 2012. EBU logo.svg
EBU's previous logo used from 1994 to 17 June 2012.
Vienna New Year's Concert. The New Years Eve Concert 2013 at The Wiener Musikverein (8336464777).jpg
Vienna New Year's Concert.

The EBU was a successor to the International Broadcasting Union (IBU) that was founded in 1925 and had its administrative headquarters in Geneva and technical office in Brussels. It fostered programming exchanges between members and mediated technical disputes between members that were mostly concerned with frequency and interference issues. It was in effect taken over by Nazi Germany during the Second World War and when the conflict ended in the eyes of the Allies it was a compromised organisation that they could not trust.

In the spring of 1946, representatives of the Soviet radio committee proposed forming a new organisation; however, at the same time preparations were being made for an inter-governmental “European Broadcasting Conference” (EBC) in Copenhagen in 1948 to draw up a new plan for frequency use in the European Broadcasting Area (EBA). It was considered necessary to have an organisation that could implement the “Copenhagen Wavelength Plan” but there was disagreement among broadcasters and particularly a fear expressed by the BBC that a new association might be dominated by the USSR and its proposal to give each of its constituent states one vote. France proposed that it would have four votes with the inclusion of its North African colonies. The United Kingdom felt it would have little influence with just one vote.

On 27 June 1946, the alternative International Broadcasting Organisation (IBO) was founded with 26 members and without British participation. The following day the IBU met in General Assembly and an attempt was made to dissolve it but failed; though 18 of its 28 members left to join the IBO. [9] For a period of time in the late 1940s both the IBU and IBO vied for the role of organising frequencies but Britain decided to be in involved in neither. The BBC attempted but failed to find suitable working arrangements with them. However, for practical purposes, the IBO rented the IBU technical centre in Brussels and employed its staff. The BBC then proposed a new solution based on the IBO changing its constitution so there will be only one member per ITU country, thus ensuring a Western majority over the USSR and its satellite states. In August 1949 a meeting took place in Stresa, Italy but it resulted in disagreement between delegates on how to resolve the problems. One proposal was for the European Broadcasting Area to be replaced by one that would exclude Eastern Europe, the Levant and North Africa.

After Stresa, a consensus emerged among the Western Europeans to form a new organisation and the BBC proposed it be based in London. Meetings in Paris on 31 October and 1 November 1949 sealed the fate of the IBU and IBO, but it was decided not to allow West Germany to be a founder of the new organisation. On 13 February 1950 the European Broadcasting Union had its first meeting with 23 members from the ITU defined European Broadcasting Area at the Imperial Hotel in Torquay, England, United Kingdom. The first president was Ian Jacob of the BBC who remained at the helm for 10 years while its operation was largely dominated by the BBC due to its financial, technical and staff input. The most important difference between the EBU and its predecessors was that EBU membership was for broadcasters and not governments. Early delegates said EBU meetings were cordial and professional and very different from the abrupt tone of its predecessors. West Germany was admitted in 1951 and a working relationship forged with the USSR's Organisation for International Radio and TV (OIRT) which existed in parallel with the EBU until its merger on 1 January 1993. [9]

In 1967, the first concert in the International Concert Season of the European Broadcasting Union was broadcast from the Queen Elizabeth Hall in London. [10]

Technical activities

The objective of the EBU's technical activities is simply to assist EBU Members (see below) in this period of unprecedented technological changes. This includes the provision of technical information to Members via conferences and workshops, as well as in written form (such as the EBU Technical Review, and the EBU tech-i magazine).

The EBU also encourages active collaboration between its Members on the basis that they can freely share their knowledge and experience, thus achieving considerably more than individual Members could achieve by themselves. Much of this collaboration is achieved through Project Groups which study specific technical issues of common interest: for example, EBU Members have long been preparing for the revision of the 1961 Stockholm Plan.

The EBU places great emphasis on the use of open standards. Widespread use of open standards (such as MPEG-2, DAB, DVB, etc.) ensures interoperability between products from different vendors, as well as facilitating the exchange of programme material between EBU Members and promoting "horizontal markets" for the benefit of all consumers.

EBU Members and the EBU Technical Department have long played an important role in the development of many systems used in radio and television broadcasting, such as:

The EBU has also actively encouraged the development and implementation of:

Controversies

Belarusian state broadcaster controversy of 2021

The Belarusian Television and Radio Company (BTRC) has been accused of repressing its own employees, having fired more than 100 people since the Belarus protests against president Lukashenko started in 2020 after alleged election fraud. Many of them have also been jailed. Many voices have been raised against the participation of Belarus and the BTRC in the otherwise unpolitical Eurovision Song Contest in 2021, the argument being that the EBU would make a political statement if it did endorse Belarus by essentially and silently saying that democracy is unimportant and so are basic human rights such as freedom of speech. [12]

On 28 May 2021, the EBU suspended BTRC as they had been "particularly alarmed by the broadcast of interviews apparently obtained under duress." BTRC was given two weeks to respond before the suspension comes into effect, but did not do so publicly. [13] [ needs update ] The broadcaster was completely expelled from the EBU on 1 July 2021. [14]

Greek state broadcaster controversy of 2013

On 11 June 2013, the Greek government shut down the state broadcaster ERT, at short notice, citing government spending concerns related to the Euro crisis. [15] In response, the European Broadcasting Union set up a makeshift studio on the same day, near the former ERT offices in Athens, in order to continue providing EBU members with the news-gathering and broadcast relay services which had formerly been provided by ERT. [16]

The EBU put out a statement expressing its "profound dismay" at the shutdown, urged the Greek Prime Minister "to use all his powers to immediately reverse this decision" and offered the "advice, assistance and expertise necessary for ERT to be preserved". [17]

Starting on 4 May 2014, the New Hellenic Radio, Internet and Television broadcaster began nationwide transmissions, taking over ERT's vacant active membership slot in the EBU. [18] On 11 June 2015, two years after ERT's closure, NERIT SA renamed as ERT SA which reopened with a comprehensive program in all radio stations (with nineteen regional, two world-range and five pan-Hellenic range radio stations) and three TV channels ERT1, ERT2 and ERT3.

Members

Countries with active EBU membership coloured in order of accession from 1950. EBU enlargement animation.gif
Countries with active EBU membership coloured in order of accession from 1950.

The Member list as of August 2019, comprises the following 69 broadcasting companies from 56 countries. [2]

Current members

CountryBroadcasting organisation Abbr. Year
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania Albanian Radio-Television (Radio Televizioni Shqiptar)RTSH1999
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria Public Establishment of Television (Établissement public de télévision)EPTV1970
National Sound Broadcasting Company (Entreprise nationale de radiodiffusion sonore)ENRS
Télédiffusion d'AlgérieTDA
Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra RTVA2002
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia Public Television Company of Armenia (Հայաստանի Հանրային Հեռուստաընկերություն, Hayastani Hanrayin Herrustaynkerut’yun)ARMTV
ՀՀՀ
2005
Public Radio of Armenia ARMR
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Österreichischer Rundfunk ORF1953
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan İctimai Televiziya və Radio Yayımları Şirkəti: İCTI/İTV2007
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroeporganisatie VRT1950
Radio-Télévision Belge de la Communauté Française RTBF
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina Javni Radio Televizijski servis Bosne i Hercegovine BHRT1993
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Bâlgarsko Nacionalno Radio
Българско национално радио
BNR
БНР
1993
Bâlgarska Nacionalna Televiizija
Българска национална телевизия
BNT
БНТ
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Hrvatska radiotelevizija HRT1993
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (Ραδιοφωνικό Ίδρυμα Κύπρου, Radiofonikó Ídryma Kýprou, Kıbrıs Radyo Yayın Kurumu)CyBC
ΡΊΚ
RKYK
1969
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Český Rozhlas ČR1993
Česká televize ČT
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Danmarks Radio DR1950
TV2 Danmark DK/TV21989
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt Egyptian Radio and Television Union ERTU1985
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia Eesti Rahvusringhääling ERR1993
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Yleisradio Yle1950
Flag of France.svg  France Groupe de Radiodiffusion Française: GRF1950
TF1 TF11950
Europe 1 E11978
Canal+ C+1984
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia Georgian Public Broadcasting (საქართველოს საზოგადოებრივი მაუწყებელი, sakartvelos sazogadoebrivi mauts'q'ebeli)GPB
სსმ
2005
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Working group of public broadcasters of the Federal Republic of Germany, ARD): ARD1952
Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen (Second German Television)ZDF1963
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (Ελληνική Ραδιοφωνία Τηλεόραση, Ellinikí Radiofonía Tileórasi)ERT1950–2013,
2015
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Media Support and Asset Management Fund: MTVA2014
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland Ríkisútvarpið RÚV1956
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Raidió Teilifís Éireann RTÉ1950
TG4 TG42007
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (תאגיד השידור הישראלי, Ta'agid HaShidur HaYisra'eli)KAN2017
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy RAI - Radiotelevisione Italiana RAI1950
Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan Jordan Radio and Television Corporation (مؤسسة الإذاعة والتلفزيون الأردني)JRTV1970
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia Public Broadcasting of Latvia (Latvijas Sabiedriskie mediji): LSM1993
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon Télé Liban (تلفزيون لبنان)TL1950
Flag of Libya.svg  Libya Libya National ChannelLNC2011
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania Lietuvos Radijas ir Televizija LRT1993
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg RTL Group RTL1950
Établissement de Radiodiffusion Socioculturelle du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg ERSL1996
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta Public Broadcasting Services PBS1970
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova Compania Națională "Teleradio-Moldova" TRM1993
Flag of Monaco.svg  Monaco Groupement de Radiodiffusion monégasque: GRMC1950
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro Radio i televizija Crne Gore (Радио и телевизија Црне Горе)RTCG
РТЦГ
2006
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco Société Nationale de Radiodiffusion et de Télévision (الشركة الوطنيَة للإِذاعة والتلفزة)SNRT1950
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Nederlandse Publieke Omroep: NPO1950
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia Makedonska radio televizija (Македонска Радио Телевизиjа)MRT
МРТ
1993
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Norsk Rikskringkasting NRK1950
TV2 NO/TV21993
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Telewizja Polska TVP1993
Polskie Radio PR
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Rádio e Televisão de Portugal RTP1950
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Societatea Română de Radiodifuziune ROR1993
Televiziunea Română RO/TVR
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Channel One Russia (Первый канал, Perviy kanal)C1R1996
All-Russia State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company (Vserossiyskaya Gosudarstvennaya Televizionnaya i Radioveshchatelnaya Kompaniya, Всероссийская государственная телевизионная и радиовещательная компания)VGTRK
ВГТРК
1993
Radio Dom Ostankino: RDO1996
Flag of San Marino.svg  San Marino San Marino RTV SMRTV1995
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia Radiotelevizija Srbije (Радио-телевизија Србије)RTS2006
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Radio and Television of Slovakia (Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska)RTVS2011
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Radiotelevizija Slovenija RTVSLO1993
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Radiotelevisión Española RTVE1955
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Sveriges Rundradiotjänst: SRT1950
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Swiss Broadcasting Corporation: SRG SSR1950
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Établissement de la radiodiffusion-télévision tunisienne:
  • Radio tunisienne
  • Télévision tunisienne
ERTT1950
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Türkiye Radyo-Televizyon Kurumu TRT1950
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine (Національна суспільна телерадіокомпанія України, Natsionalna Suspilna Teleradiokompaniya Ukrayiny)UA:PBC1993
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom British Broadcasting Corporation BBC1950
United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting: UKIB1981
Flag of the Vatican City.svg   Vatican City Vatican Radio VR1950

Past members

CountryBroadcasting organisation Abbr. FromTo
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus Belarusian Television and Radio Company (Нацыянальная дзяржаўная тэлерадыёкампанія Рэспублікі Беларусь, Belteleradio)BTRC19932021 [14]
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak Television CST1991 [19] 1992 [lower-alpha 1]
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland MTV3 FI/MTV19932019 [20]
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece New Hellenic Radio, Internet and Television NERIT20142015 [lower-alpha 2]
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Duna TV Duna20132015 [lower-alpha 3]
Magyar Rádió MR1993
Magyar Televízió MTV
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Israel Broadcasting Authority IBA19572017 [lower-alpha 4]
Flag of Monaco.svg  Monaco Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Telemontecarlo (now La7)TMC19812001
Flag of Libya (1977-2011).svg  Libya Libyan Jamahiriya Broadcasting Corporation (الجماهيرية اللّيبيّة)LJBC19742011
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  Serbia and Montenegro Udruženje javnih radija i televizija (Alliance of Public Radio and Television)UJRT20012006 [lower-alpha 5]
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Slovenský rozhlas SRo19932011 [lower-alpha 6]
Slovenská televízia STV
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Antena 3 Radio A3R19861993
Radio Popular SA COPE COPE19982019 [21]
Sociedad Española de Radiodifusión SER19822020
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden TV4 SE/TV420042019 [22]
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Independent Television Authority ITA19591972
Independent Broadcasting Authority IBA19721981 [lower-alpha 7]
Commercial Radio Companies Association (now Radiocentre)CRCA1981 [lower-alpha 8] 2006
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia Yugoslav Radio Television JRT19501992

Associate Members

Countries with Associate EBU Membership. EBU Associate Members.svg
Countries with Associate EBU Membership.

Any group or organisation from an International Telecommunication Union (ITU) member country, which provides a radio or television service outside of the European Broadcasting Area, is permitted to submit applications to the EBU for Associate Membership. [24]

It was also noted by the EBU that any country that is granted Associate Member status does not include any access into the Eurovision events [25] (with the exceptions of Australia, who have participated in the Eurovision Song Contest and the Junior Eurovision Song Contest since 2015, Canada in Eurovision Young Dancers between 1987 and 1989 and Kazakhstan, who have participated in Junior Eurovision since 2018).

The list of Associate Members of EBU comprised the following 31 broadcasting companies from 20 countries as of January 2018. [3]

CountryBroadcasting organisation Abbr. Year
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Australian Broadcasting Corporation ABC1950
FreeTV Australia Free1962
Special Broadcasting Service SBS1979
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh National Broadcasting Authority of Bangladesh NBAB1974
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil TV Cultura (Father Anchieta Foundation)FPA2012
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Canadian Broadcasting Corporation/ Societé Radio Canada CBC1950
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Canal 13 UCTV1971
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China China Media Group CMG2010
Shanghai Media Group SMG2016
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba Cuban Institute of Radio and Television ICRT1992
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia Teleimedi TEME2004
Rustavi 2 RB2003
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong Radio Television Hong Kong RTHK1983
Flag of India.svg  India All India Radio AIR1979
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting IRIB1969
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Nippon Hoso Kyokai NHK1951
Tokyo Broadcasting System TBS2000
Tokyo FM TFM1986
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan Khabar Agency KA2016
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia Radio Televisyen Malaysia RTM1970
Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation MBC1980
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Radio New Zealand RNZ1950
Television New Zealand TVNZ1980
Flag of Oman.svg  Oman Public Authority for Radio and TV of Oman PART1976
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa South African Broadcasting Corporation SABC1951
Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea Korean Broadcasting System KBS1974
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria Organisme de la Radio-Télévision Arabe Syrienne ORTAS1978
Flag of the United States.svg  United States American Broadcasting Company ABC1959
American Public Media APM2004
CBS CBS1956
National Public Radio NPR1971
National Broadcasting Company NBC1953
WFMT Radio Network WFMT1980

Past associate members

CountryBroadcasting organisation Abbr. FromTo
Flag of Palestine.svg  Palestine Palestinian Broadcasting Corporation (هيئة الإذاعة والتلفزيون الفلسطينية)PBC20092014

Approved participant members

Any groups or organisations from a country with International Telecommunication Union (ITU) membership, which does not qualify for either the EBU's Active or Associate memberships, but still provide a broadcasting activity for the EBU, are granted a unique Approved Participants membership, which lasts approximately five years. An application for this status may be submitted to the EBU at any given time, providing an annual fee is paid. [26]

The following seven EBU broadcast members had status as Approved Participants in May 2016. [27]

Broadcasting Organisation Abbr.
Arte ARTE
Catalunya Música CAT
Euronews EURONEWS
JP Makedonska RadiodifuzijaJP MRD
Cellnex CELLNEX
Russian Television and Radio Broadcasting Network RTRN
Radio Television of Vojvodina RTV
TV5Monde TV5

Organised events

The EBU in co-operation with the respective host broadcaster organises competitions and events in which its members can participate if they wish to do so. These include:

Eurovision Song Contest

ESC2014 winner's press conference 17 (crop).jpg
ESC2014 winner's press conference 17 (crop).jpg
The trophy in 2014

The Eurovision Song Contest (French : Concours Eurovision de la Chanson) [28] is an annual international song competition between EBU Members, that was first held in Lugano, Switzerland, on 24 May 1956. Seven countries participated – each submitting two songs, for a total of 14. This was the only contest in which more than one song per country was performed: since 1957 all contests have allowed one entry per country. The 1956 contest was won by the host nation, Switzerland. [29] The most recent host city was Rotterdam, the Netherlands, where Italy won the competition.

Let the Peoples Sing

Let the Peoples Sing is a biennial choir competition, the participants of which are chosen from radio recordings entered by EBU radio members. The final, encompassing three categories and around ten choirs, is offered as a live broadcast to all EBU members. The overall winner is awarded the Silver Rose Bowl.

Jeux sans frontières

Jeux sans frontières (English: Games without frontiers, or Games Without Borders) was a Europe-wide television game show. In its original conception, it was broadcast from 1965 to 1999 under the auspices of the EBU. The original series run ended in 1982 but was revived in 1988 with a different complexion of nations and was hosted by smaller broadcasters.

Eurovision Young Musicians

Eurovision Young Musicians is a competition for European musicians that are between the ages of 12 and 21 years old. It is organised by the EBU and is a member of EMCY. The first competition was held in Manchester, the United Kingdom on 11 May 1982.

The televised competition is held every two years, with some countries holding national heats. Since its foundation in 1982, the Eurovision Young Musicians competition has become one of the most important music competitions on an international level.

Eurovision Young Dancers

The Eurovision Young Dancers is a biennial dance showcase broadcast on television throughout Europe. The first competition was held in Reggio Emilia, Italy on 16 June 1985.

It uses a format similar to the Eurovision Song Contest, every country that is a member of the EBU has had the opportunity to send a dance act to compete for the title of "Eurovision Young Dancer". The competition is for solo dancers and all contestants must be between the ages of 16 and 21 years and not professionally engaged.

Euroclassic Notturno

Euroclassic Notturno is a six-hour sequence of classical music recordings assembled by BBC Radio from material supplied by members of the EBU and streamed back to those broadcasters by satellite for use in their overnight classical-music schedules. The recordings used are taken not from commercial CDs but from earlier (usually live) radio broadcasts. [30] [31]

Junior Eurovision Song Contest

Junior Eurovision Song Contest (French : Concours Eurovision de la Chanson Junior), [32] is an annual international song competition, that was first held in Copenhagen, Denmark, on 15 November 2003. Sixteen countries participated – each submitting one song, for a total of 16 entries. The 2003 Contest was won by Croatia and the current winner is France.

Eurovision Dance Contest

The Eurovision Dance Contest (not to be confused with the Eurovision Young Dancers Competition ) was an international dancing competition that was held for the first time in London, the United Kingdom on 1 September 2007. The competition was repeated in 2008 when it was held in Glasgow, United Kingdom, but has not been held since.

Eurovision Magic Circus Show

The Eurovision Magic Circus Show was an entertainment show organised by the EBU, which took place in 2010, 2011 and 2012 in Geneva. Children aged between 7-14 representing 8 countries within the EBU membership area, performed a variety of circus acts at the Geneva Christmas Circus (French : Cirque de Noël Genève). The main show was also accompanied by the Magic Circus Show Orchestra. [33]

Eurovision Choir

The inaugural Eurovision Choir featuring non-professional choirs selected by EBU Members, took place on 22 July 2017 in Riga, hosted by the Latvian broadcaster Latvijas Televīzija (LTV). 9 countries took part in the first edition. Carmen Manet from Slovenia was the first winner.

European Sports Championships

The European Sports Championships is a multi-sport event involving some of the leading sports in Europe. The European Governing Bodies for athletics, aquatics, cycling, rowing, golf, gymnastics and triathlon, will coordinate their individual championships as part of the first edition [34] in the summer of 2018, hosted by the cities of Berlin (already chosen as the host for the 2018 European Athletics Championships) and Glasgow (already chosen as the host for the 2018 European Aquatics Championships, and which will now also host the events of the other sports). [35] [36]

See also

Notes

  1. Succeeded by Česká televize (ČT) of the Czech Republic and Slovenská televízia (STV) of Slovakia.
  2. Succeeded again by Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT).
  3. Succeeded by Duna Media Service, operated by Media Support and Asset Management Fund (MTVA).
  4. Succeeded by Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (KAN).
  5. Succeeded by Radio i televizija Crne Gore (RTCG) of Montenegro and Radiotelevizija Srbije (RTS) of Serbia separately, previously these were sub-broadcasters of UJRT.
  6. Succeeded by Radio and Television of Slovakia (RTVS).
  7. Succeeded by United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting (UKIB).
  8. Founded as Association of Independent Radio Contractors (AIRC) in 1973. It became CRCA in 1996 and merged with Radio Advertising Bureau in 2006 to create Radiocentre. [23]

Related Research Articles

Eurovision Young Dancers

The Eurovision Young Dancers, often shortened to EYD, or Young Dancers, was a biennial dance competition, organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and is broadcast on television throughout Europe. Thirty-seven countries have taken part since the inauguration of the contest in 1985; including Kosovo and Canada.

Eurovision, founded 1954 in Geneva, Switzerland, is a television network that is part of the European Broadcasting Union.

Belarus in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest

Belarus has participated in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest in every edition since its inception in 2003 until 2020. The Belarusian Television and Radio Company (BTRC), then a member organisation of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), have been responsible for the selection process of their participants since their debut. The first representative to participate for the nation at the 2003 contest was Volha Satsiuk with the song "Tantsuy", which finished in fourth place out of sixteen participating entries, achieving a score of 103 points. Belarus was one of two countries to have never missed an edition of the contest, the other one being the Netherlands, and have won twice in 2005 and 2007, until the broadcaster was expelled from the EBU in 2021. They are also one of the two countries to have participated in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest before debuting in the Eurovision Song Contest. The country hosted the contest at the Minsk-Arena in 2010 and again in 2018.

Belarus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 with the song "Butterflies" written by Maxim Fadeev, Robert Wells and Malka Chaplin. The song was performed by the band 3+2 featuring Robert Wells, who were internally selected by the Belarusian broadcaster National State Television and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus (BTRC) to represent the nation at the 2010 contest in Oslo, Norway after broadcaster All-National TV (ONT), which was to take over BTRC, failed to receive EBU membership. 3+2 and the song "Far Away" were initially announced as the Belarusian entry on 25 February 2010, however the band opted to withdraw their song and the replacement entry, "Butterflies", was announced on 19 March 2010.

Eurovision Young Musicians 2010

The Eurovision Young Musicians 2010 was the fifteenth edition of the Eurovision Young Musicians, held at the Rathausplatz in Vienna, Austria on 14 May 2010. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Österreichischer Rundfunk (ORF), musicians from seven countries participated in the televised final. This was the third time that the competition was held on an open air stage and was the beginning of the annual Vienna Festival. Austria and broadcaster ORF previously hosted the contest in 1990, 1998, 2006 and 2008.

Belarus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2011 with the song "I Love Belarus" written by Evgeny Oleynik and Svetlana Geraskova. The song was performed by Anastasia Vinnikova, who was internally selected by the Belarusian broadcaster National State Television and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus (BTRC) to represent the nation at the 2011 contest in Düsseldorf, Germany. Anastasia Vinnikova and the song "Born in Byelorussia" were initially announced as the Belarusian entry on 28 February 2011, however the song was reworked and retitled as "I Am Belarusian". The song was later disqualified and the replacement entry, "I Love Belarus", was announced on 14 March 2011.

International Radio and Television Organisation

The International Radio and Television Organisation (official name in French: Organisation Internationale de Radiodiffusion et de Télévision or OIRT was an East European network of radio and television broadcasters with the primary purpose of establishing ties and securing an interchange of information between those various organizations responsible for broadcasting services, promoting the interests of broadcasting, seeking by international cooperation a solution to any matter relating to broadcasting, and studying and working out all measures having as their aim the development of broadcasting.

Greece participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2012, held in Baku, Azerbaijan. Their selected song "Aphrodisiac" was written by Dimitri Stassos, Mikaela Stenström and Dajana Lööf, and was performed by Eleftheria Eleftheriou, who had previously attempted to represent Greece in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010. The entry was selected through the televised national final Ellinikós Telikós, organised by the country's public broadcasting service Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT) and held on 12 March 2012 at the River West shopping mall in Athens. Due to the debt crisis facing Greece at the time, the record label of the entry was expected to take on the costs of recording and producing the candidate songs. Universal Music Greece was the only label to accept these terms and put forth four competing acts for consideration. The winning act was selected using a combination of jury and televoting. Following the national final, Eleftheriou embarked on a promotional campaign visiting Turkey and the Netherlands.

Eurovision Young Musicians 2012

The Eurovision Young Musicians 2012 was the sixteenth edition of the Eurovision Young Musicians, held at the Rathausplatz in Vienna, Austria on 11 May 2012. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Österreichischer Rundfunk (ORF), musicians from seven countries participated in the televised final. This was the fourth time that the competition was held on an open-air stage and during the annual Vienna Festival. Austria and broadcaster ORF previously hosted the contest in 1990, 1998, 2006, 2008 and 2010.

Belarus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2015 with the song "Time", written by Uzari, Gerylana and Maimuna. The song was performed by the duo Uzari and Maimuna; Uzari is a singer-songwriter, while Maimuna is a violist. Belarusian broadcaster National State Television and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus (BTRC) organised a national final in order to select the Belarusian entry for the 2015 contest. In a field of fifteen songs, "Time" performed by Uzari and Maimuna won the right to represent Belarus in Vienna, Austria. In the first of the Eurovision semi-finals, Belarus failed to qualify to the final, placing twelfth out of the 16 participating countries with 39 points.

Greece participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2015 in Vienna, Austria. Maria Elena Kyriakou was chosen to represent Greece in the 2015 contest with the song "One Last Breath".

Belarus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2016 with the song "Help You Fly" written by Viktor Drobysh, Alexander Ivanov, Timofei Leontiev and Mary Susan Applegate. The song was performed by Ivan, which is the artistic name of singer Alexander Ivanov. The Belarusian entry for the 2016 contest in Stockholm, Sweden was selected through a national final organised by the Belarusian broadcaster National State Television and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus (BTRC). The national final consisted of ten competing acts participating in a televised production where public televoting selected the winner. "Help You Fly" performed by Ivan was selected as the winner with 23,167 votes.

Belarus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2017 with the song "Story of My Life" written by Arciom Lukjanienka. The song was performed by Naviband. The Belarusian entry for the 2017 contest in Kyiv, Ukraine was selected through a national final organised by the Belarusian broadcaster National State Television and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus (BTRC). The national final consisted of thirteen competing acts participating in a televised production where the winner was determined by a 50/50 combination of votes from jury members made up of music professionals and a public telephone vote. "Historyja majho žyccia" performed by NAVI was selected as the winner. The song's title was later translated from Belarusian to English for the Eurovision Song Contest and was titled "Story of My Life".

Denmark in Eurovision Choir

The participation of Denmark in the Eurovision Choir began in Riga, Latvia, at the Eurovision Choir of the Year 2017. Danmarks Radio (DR) a member organisation of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) are responsible for the selection process of their participants, for their debut in 2017. The first representative to participate for the nation at the 2017 edition are the Academic Choir of Aarhus.

<i>Eurovision Magic Circus Show</i>

The Eurovision Magic Circus Show was an entertainment show organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Radio Télévision Suisse (RTS), which took place in 2010, 2011 and 2012. Children aged between seven and fourteen representing eight countries within the EBU membership area, performed a variety of circus acts at the Geneva Christmas Circus. The main show was also accompanied by the Magic Circus Show Orchestra.

Belarus originally planned to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest 2020. The Belarusian broadcaster National State Television and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus (BTRC) organised a national final in order to select the Belarusian entry for the 2020 contest in Rotterdam, Netherlands. However, due to the 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Europe, the contest was cancelled.

Eurovision Song Contest 2022 Upcoming 66th Eurovision Song Contest

The Eurovision Song Contest 2022 is set to be the 66th edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. The contest will take place in Italy, following the country's victory at the 2021 contest with the song "Zitti e buoni" by Måneskin. It will be the third time that Italy hosts the contest, having previously done so for the 1965 and 1991 contests, held in Naples and Rome respectively, as well as the first Eurovision event to be held in the country since the last edition of Jeux Sans Frontières in 1999. The contest is due to be organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Radiotelevisione italiana (RAI).

Greece participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 in Rotterdam, Netherlands. Greek-Dutch singer Stefania was internally selected by the Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT) with the song "Last Dance", written by Dimitris Kontopoulos, ARCADE, and Sharon Vaughn. Stefania was due to compete in the 2020 contest with "Supergirl" before the event's cancellation.

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