Mia Hamm

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Mia Hamm
Mia Hamm corner (cropped).jpg
Mia Hamm takes a corner kick, 1995
Personal information
Full nameMariel Margaret Hamm-Garciaparra
Date of birth (1972-03-17) March 17, 1972 (age 47)
Place of birth Selma, Alabama, United States
Height 5 ft 5 in (165 cm)
Playing position Forward, Midfielder
Youth career
1986–1988 Notre Dame Knights
1989 Lake Braddock Bruins
College career
YearsTeamApps(Gls)
1989–1993 North Carolina Tar Heels 95 (103)
Senior career*
YearsTeamApps(Gls)
2001–2003 Washington Freedom 49 (25)
National team
1987–2004 United States 276 (158)
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league onlyand correct as of June 28, 2007
‡ National team caps and goals correct as of June 29, 2007

Mariel Margaret Hamm-Garciaparra (born March 17, 1972) is an American retired professional soccer player, two-time Olympic gold medalist, and two-time FIFA Women's World Cup champion. Hailed as a soccer icon, [1] [2] [3] [4] she played as a forward for the United States women's national soccer team from 1987–2004. Hamm was the face of the Women's United Soccer Association (WUSA), the first professional women's soccer league in the United States, where she played for the Washington Freedom from 2001–2003. She played college soccer for the North Carolina Tar Heels women's soccer team and helped the team win four consecutive NCAA Division I Women's Soccer Championship titles.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

FIFA Womens World Cup Association football competition for womens national teams

The FIFA Women's World Cup is an international football competition contested by the senior women's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's international governing body. The competition has been held every four years since 1991, when the inaugural tournament, then called the FIFA Women's World Championship, was held in China. Under the tournament's current format, national teams vie for 23 slots in a three-year qualification phase. The host nation's team is automatically entered as the 24th slot. The tournament proper, alternatively called the World Cup Finals, is contested at venues within the host nation(s) over a period of about one month.

Forward (association football) Association Football position played near the opponents goal

Forwards are the players on an association football team who play nearest to the opposing team's goal, and are therefore most responsible for scoring goals.

Contents

During her tenure with the national team, Hamm competed in four FIFA Women's World Cup tournaments: the inaugural 1991 in China, 1995 in Sweden, 1999 and 2003 in the United States. She led the team at three Olympic Games, including: 1996 in Atlanta (the first time women's soccer was played), 2000 in Sydney, and 2004 in Athens. She completed her international career having played in 42 matches and scored 14 goals at these 7 international tournaments.

1991 FIFA Womens World Cup 1991 edition of the FIFA Womens World Cup

The 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup was the inaugural FIFA Women's World Cup, the world championship for women's national association football teams. It took place in Guangdong, China from 16 to 30 November 1991. FIFA, football's international governing body selected China as host nation as Guangdong had hosted a prototype world championship three years earlier, the 1988 FIFA Women's Invitation Tournament. Matches were played in the state capital, Guangzhou, as well as in Foshan, Jiangmen and Zhongshan. The competition was sponsored by Mars, Incorporated. With FIFA still reluctant to bestow their "World Cup" brand, the tournament was officially known as the 1st FIFA World Championship for Women's Football for the M&M's Cup.

1995 FIFA Womens World Cup 1995 edition of the FIFA Womens World Cup

The 1995 FIFA Women's World Cup, the second edition of the FIFA Women's World Cup, was held in Sweden and won by Norway. The tournament featured 12 women's national teams from six continental confederations. The 12 teams were drawn into three groups of four and each group played a round-robin tournament. At the end of the group stage, the top two teams and two best third-ranked teams advanced to the knockout stage, beginning with the quarter-finals and culminating with the final at Råsunda Stadium on 18 June 1995.

1999 FIFA Womens World Cup 1999 edition of the FIFA Womens World Cup

The 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup was the third edition of the FIFA Women's World Cup, the world championship for women's national association football teams. It was hosted as well as won by the United States and took place from 19 June to 10 July 1999 at eight venues across the country. The tournament was the most successful FIFA Women's World Cup in terms of attendance, television ratings, and public interest.

Hamm held the record for most international goals scored—by a woman or man—until 2013 and remains in third place behind former teammate Abby Wambach and Canadian striker Christine Sinclair as of 2017. [5] [6] [7] She currently ranks third in the history of the U.S. national team for international caps (276) and first for career assists (144). [8] Twice named FIFA World Player of the Year in 2001 and 2002, Hamm and her teammate Michelle Akers were hailed by Pelé as two of FIFA's 125 greatest living players when he included them in the FIFA 100 to celebrate the organization's 100th anniversary. [9] Hamm was named U.S. Soccer Female Athlete of the Year five years in a row and won three ESPY awards including Soccer Player of the Year and Female Athlete of the Year. [10] The Women's Sports Foundation named her Sportswoman of the Year in 1997 and 1999. She was inducted into the National Soccer Hall of Fame, Alabama Sports Hall of Fame, Texas Sports Hall of Fame, North Carolina Soccer Hall of Fame, and was the first woman inducted into the World Football Hall of Fame. [8]

Abby Wambach American soccer player

Mary Abigail Wambach is an American retired soccer player, coach, two-time Olympic gold medalist and FIFA Women's World Cup champion. A six-time winner of the U.S. Soccer Athlete of the Year award, Wambach was a regular on the U.S. women's national soccer team from 2003 to 2015, earning her first cap in 2001. As a forward, she currently stands as the highest all-time goal scorer for the national team and holds the world record for international goals for both female and male soccer players with 184 goals. Wambach was awarded the 2012 FIFA World Player of the Year, becoming the first American woman to win the award in ten years. She was included on the 2015 Time 100 list as one of the most influential people in the world.

Christine Sinclair Canadian association football player

Christine Margaret Sinclair, OC is a Canadian soccer player and captain of the Canadian national team. She plays professionally for the Portland Thorns FC in the National Women's Soccer League (NWSL) and previously played for FC Gold Pride and Western New York Flash in the Women's Professional Soccer (WPS). A CONCACAF champion, two-time Olympic bronze medalist and 14-time winner of the Canada Soccer Player of the Year award, Sinclair is Canada's all-time leading scorer and currently second in all-time international goals scored for males or females with 182, behind Abby Wambach at 184 and also currently the most capped active international women footballer with 286 caps. She is also the second footballer of either gender to score at five World Cup editions, preceded by Marta.

FIFA World Player of the Year association football award

The FIFA World Player of the Year was an association football award presented annually by the sport's governing body, FIFA, between 1991 and 2015. Coaches and captains of international teams and media representatives selected the player they deem to have performed the best in the previous calendar year.

A co-owner of Los Angeles FC, Hamm is also a global ambassador for FC Barcelona and is on the board of directors of Serie A club A.S. Roma. Author of Go For the Goal: A Champion's Guide to Winning in Soccer and Life, Hamm has been featured in several films and television shows, including the HBO documentary, Dare to Dream: The Story of the U.S. Women's Soccer Team .

Los Angeles FC American professional soccer franchise

Los Angeles Football Club, commonly referred to as LAFC, is an American professional soccer franchise based in Los Angeles, California, that competes in Major League Soccer (MLS) as a member of the Western Conference. The team plays their home games at the Banc of California Stadium in Exposition Park. The team shares the Los Angeles area market with the LA Galaxy, and the two clubs compete in a rivalry dubbed El Tráfico.

FC Barcelona Association football club in Barcelona

Futbol Club Barcelona, commonly referred to as Barcelona and colloquially known as Barça, is a Spanish professional football club based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

Serie A professional association football league in Italy

Serie A, also called Serie A TIM due to sponsorship by TIM, is a professional league competition for football clubs located at the top of the Italian football league system and the winner is awarded the Scudetto and the Coppa Campioni d'Italia. It has been operating as a round-robin tournament for over ninety years since the 1929–30 season. It had been organized by the Direttorio Divisioni Superiori until 1943 and the Lega Calcio until 2010, when the Lega Serie A was created for the 2010–11 season. Serie A is regarded as one of the best football leagues in the world and it is often depicted as the most tactical national league. Serie A was the world's second-strongest national league in 2014 according to IFFHS. Serie A is ranked third among European leagues according to UEFA's league coefficient, behind La Liga and the Premier League, and ahead of the Bundesliga and Ligue 1, which is based on the performance of Italian clubs in the Champions League and the Europa League during the last five years. Serie A led the UEFA ranking from 1986 to 1988 and from 1990 to 1999.

Early life

Hamm during a match against Germany, 1997 Mia1997.JPG
Hamm during a match against Germany, 1997

Born in Selma, Alabama, Mia was the fourth of six children of Bill and Stephanie Hamm. [11] She wore corrective shoes as a toddler after being born with a club foot. [12] Hamm spent her childhood on various United States Air Force bases around the world with her family. While living in Florence, Italy, Hamm first played soccer, which was hugely popular there; her entire family quickly became involved in the sport. [13] At age five, then living in Wichita Falls, Texas, Hamm joined her first soccer team. Her father coached Mia and her newly adopted brother, 8-year-old Garrett. [11]

Selma, Alabama City in Alabama, United States

Selma is a city in and the county seat of Dallas County, in the Black Belt region of south central Alabama and extending to the west. Located on the banks of the Alabama River, the city has a population of 20,756 as of the 2010 census. About 80% of the population is African-American.

United States Air Force Air and space warfare branch of the United States Armed Forces

The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the five branches of the United States Armed Forces, and one of the seven American uniformed services. Initially formed as a part of the United States Army on 1 August 1907, the USAF was established as a separate branch of the U.S. Armed Forces on 18 September 1947 with the passing of the National Security Act of 1947. It is the youngest branch of the U.S. Armed Forces, and the fourth in order of precedence. The USAF is the largest and most technologically advanced air force in the world. The Air Force articulates its core missions as air and space superiority, global integrated intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance, rapid global mobility, global strike, and command and control.

Wichita Falls, Texas City in Texas, United States

Wichita Falls is a city in and the county seat of Wichita County, Texas, United States. It is the principal city of the Wichita Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Archer, Clay, and Wichita Counties. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 104,553, making it the 38th-most populous city in Texas. In addition, its central business district is 5 miles (8 km) from Sheppard Air Force Base, which is home to the Air Force's largest technical training wing and the Euro-NATO Joint Jet Pilot Training program, the world's only multinationally staffed and managed flying training program chartered to produce combat pilots for both USAF and NATO.

Hamm played sports from a young age and excelled as a football player on the boys' team at junior high school. As a high school freshman and sophomore, she played soccer for Notre Dame Catholic High School in Wichita Falls. She played at the 1987 U.S. Olympic Festival, the youngest player to play for the United States women's national soccer team. As a new player, she often started as a forward but did not score a goal during her first year on the team. [14] Hamm spent a year at Lake Braddock Secondary School in Burke, Virginia, and helped the Lake Braddock soccer team win the 1989 state championships. [15]

Notre Dame Catholic School is a Roman Catholic high school, middle school, and elementary school in Wichita Falls, Texas. It is located in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Fort Worth.

The U.S. Olympic Festival was an amateur multi-sport event held in the United States by the United States Olympic Committee in the years between Olympic Games. Started in 1978 as an American counterpart to the communist Spartakiade – a similar event held on a quadrennial basis by the former Soviet Union and its former satellite in East Germany. As the competitive position of U.S. athletes in the Olympics slipped relative to that of the Soviets and East Germans, it was felt the U.S. needed some kind of multi-sports event to simulate the Olympic experience. It was originally called the National Sports Festival and was the nation's largest amateur sporting event, before ending in 1995.

United States womens national soccer team Womens national association football team representing the United States

The United States women's national soccer team (USWNT) represents the United States in international women's soccer. The team is the most successful in international women's soccer, winning four Women's World Cup titles, four Olympic gold medals, and eight CONCACAF Gold Cups. It medaled in every World Cup and Olympic tournament in women's soccer history from 1991 to 2015, before being knocked out in the quarterfinal of the 2016 Summer Olympics. The team is governed by United States Soccer Federation and competes in CONCACAF.

Playing career

North Carolina Tar Heels, 1989–1993

From 1989 to 1993, Hamm attended the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where she helped the Tar Heels win four NCAA Division I Women's Soccer Championships in five years. She red-shirted the 1991 season to focus on preparation for the inaugural 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup in China. [8] North Carolina lost one game of the 95 she played on the team. [16] She earned All-American honors, was named the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) Player of the Year for three consecutive years, [11] and was named ACC Female Athlete of the Year in 1993 and 1994. [17] She graduated from North Carolina in 1994 with the ACC records for goals (103), assists (72), and total points (278). [18] In 2003, she and Michael Jordan were named the ACC's Greatest Athletes of the conference's first fifty years. [19]

Hamm was a member of the United States women's national college team that won a silver medal, being defeated by China in the final, at the 1993 Summer Universiade in Buffalo, New York. [20] [21]

International

Women's national team, 1987–2004

Hamm made her debut for the United States women's national soccer team in 1987 at the age of 15 — just two years after the team played its first international match. [22] She was the youngest person ever to play for the team. [23] [24] She scored her first goal during her 17th appearance. [23] She competed in four FIFA Women's World Cup tournaments: the inaugural 1991 in China, 1995 in Sweden, 1999 and 2003 in the United States. She led the team at three Olympic Games, including: 1996 in Atlanta (the first time women's soccer was played), 2000 in Sydney, and 2004 in Athens. In total, she played 42 matches and scored 14 goals in international tournaments.

Hamm held the record for most international goals scored—by a woman or man—until 2013 and remains in third place as of 2017. [5] [6] [7] She currently ranks third in the history of the U.S. national team for international caps (276) and first for career assists (144). [8]

1991 FIFA Women's World Cup
"Take your victories, whatever they may be, cherish them, use them, but don't settle for them. There are always new, grander challenges to confront, and a true winner will embrace each one."

—Mia Hamm [25]

In 1991, Hamm was named to the roster for the inaugural FIFA Women's World Cup in China under North Carolina coach Anson Dorrance. At 19 years old, she was still the youngest player on the team. [26] During the team's first match of the tournament, Hamm scored the game-winning goal in the 62nd minute, leading the U.S. to a 3–2 win over Sweden. [27] [28] She also scored once in their second group stage match when they defeated Brazil 5–0. [29] The U.S. squad finished first in Group B after a third win against Japan on November 21 and advanced to the knockout stage of the tournament. [30] During the quarterfinal match, the U. S. defeated Chinese Taipei 7–0. [31] After defeating Germany 5–2 during the semi-final, the U.S. faced Norway in the final. In front of 63,000 spectators, the U.S. clinched the first World Cup championship title after a 2–1 win. [32]

1995 FIFA Women's World Cup

Hamm's second World Cup appearance came during the 1995 tournament in Sweden. The United States were led by head coach Tony DiCicco. [33] During the team's first match of the tournament, she scored the team's third goal in the 51st minute in a 3–3 draw against China PR. [34] The U.S. faced Denmark during its second group stage match. Goals from Kristine Lilly and Tiffeny Milbrett led to a 2–0 win for the U.S. Hamm played goalkeeper for a few minutes after Briana Scurry received a red card and was removed from the match. [35] [36] After defeating Australia 4–1 on June, 10, the U.S. advanced to the knock-out stage and defeated Japan 4–0 in the quarter-final. [37] The U.S. was defeated by eventual champion Norway 1–0 in the semi-finals [38] and captured third place after defeating China PR 2–0 on June 17. Hamm scored the second U.S. goal of the match in the 55th minute. [39]

1996–1998: Atlanta Olympics and 100th international goal

Hamm was a key part of the U.S. team at the 1996 Summer Olympic Games in Atlanta; this was the first Olympic tournament to include women's soccer. [40] The U.S. faced Denmark in their first preliminary round match. Hamm scored a goal and served an assist to Tiffeny Milbrett to lead the U.S. to a 3–0 win. [41] The team defeated Sweden 2–1 next at the Orlando Citrus Bowl. [42] After tying China 0–0 in their final preliminary round match, the U.S. finished second in Group E. Defeating Norway in the semi-finals, the team faced China in the final. [42] [43] Hamm played despite having foot and groin injuries, suffered during team training and the match against Sweden. [44] [45] Although she was carried off by stretcher in the final minute, [46] her team won their first Olympic gold medal with a 2–1 win witnessed by 76,481 fans in the stadium – the largest crowd for a soccer event in the history of the Olympics and the largest crowd for a women's sports event in the United States. [47] [48] [49]

The 20 goals scored by Hamm in 1998 were the highest annual total of her international career. [50] She also provided 20 assists. On September 18, she scored her 100th international goal in a friendly match against Russia in Rochester, New York. [50] The same year, she led the U.S. to the first-ever Goodwill Games gold medal. Hamm scored five of the team's seven goals at the tournament, including two during the championship match against China. [50]

1999: 108th International goal and FIFA Women's World Cup
Hamm warming up before a match, 1998 MiaHamm Stl 1998.jpg
Hamm warming up before a match, 1998

On May 22, 1999, Hamm broke the all-time international goal record with her 108th goal in a game against Brazil in Orlando, Florida. [51] The following month, she led the national team at the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup, hosted by the United States. [52] During the team's first group stage match against Denmark, she scored her 110th international goal and served an assist to Julie Foudy as the U.S. won 3–0. [53] Against Nigeria, Hamm's low free kick was knocked into the goal by a Nigerian midfielder. [54] Within a minute, Hamm scored with a free kick. [54] She later served an assist to Kristine Lilly before being substituted in the 57th minute. [55] [54] The U.S. won 7–1 and secured a berth in the quarter-finals. [56] [54] During the team's final group stage match, head coach Tony DiCicco rested a number of players, including Hamm, who was substituted at half-time. The U.S. defeated Korea 3–0 and finished Group A with nine points. [56] In the quarter-finals, the U.S. defeated Germany 3–2. [57] Playing Brazil in the semi-finals, Hamm was knocked down in the penalty area late in the second half; Michelle Akers converted the subsequent penalty and their team won 2–0. [58]

After 90 minutes of scoreless regulation time and 30 minutes of sudden death, the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup Final was decided by a penalty shootout between the U.S. and China. The five American players to take penalty kicks, including Hamm, converted; China missed one attempt so that the home team won. [59] The final surpassed the 1996 Atlanta Olympic final as the most-attended women's sports event, with more than 90,000 people filling the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California. [60] [61] It held the record until 2014 for the largest U.S. television audience for a soccer match with 17,975,000 viewers. As of July 2015, it ranks third following the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup (25,400,000 viewers) and 2014 FIFA World Cup group stage match between the U.S. men's team and Portugal (18,220,000 viewers). [62]

Immediately following the final, Hamm collapsed in the locker room from severe dehydration. She was treated by medical staff with an intravenous drip and three liters of fluids. [63] After 12 hours of sleep, she joined the team for magazine cover shoots, went to Disneyland for a celebration rally, and made numerous television appearances. A week later, the team met President Clinton at the White House and flew with Hillary and Chelsea Clinton on Air Force One to Cape Canaveral. [63] Her leadership and performance at the 1999 World Cup cemented Hamm as a soccer icon. [64] [65] [66]

2000 Sydney Olympics

Hamm represented the United States at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia. During the group stage, she scored a goal against Norway to lift the United States to a 2–0 win. [67] The team tied China 1–1 in their next group stage match before defeating Nigeria 3–1 to finish first in their group. [68] After advancing to the semi-finals where the U.S. faced Brazil, Hamm scored the game-winning goal in the 60th minute. [69] The goal marked the 127th of her international career and set a new record for most goals scored in international play by a woman or man. [69] The U.S. faced Norway in the final and were defeated 3–2 in overtime to earn the silver medal at the Games. [70] [68]

2003 FIFA Women's World Cup
Hamm during the third-place match against Canada at the 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup 9 mia hamm in 2003 world cup (72237622).jpg
Hamm during the third-place match against Canada at the 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup

Originally scheduled for China, the 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup was moved to the United States due to the SARS outbreak. [71] Hamm was named to the U.S. roster in August, [72] and stated that it would be her final World Cup appearance. [73] During the team's first group stage match, Hamm's three assists helped the U.S. to a 3–1 win over Sweden. [74] She scored twice against Nigeria and served the assist for the team's third goal to lead the U.S. to a 5–0 win and qualification for the quarter-finals with one match to play. [75] The U.S. faced North Korea in their final group stage match and dominated 3–0. Hamm and a number of others were rested for the game by head coach April Heinrichs; this was the first World Cup match Hamm had missed in her career. [56] The U.S. faced Norway in the quarter-finals; [76] Although the U.S. won 1–0, Hamm was fouled throughout the match as Norway played with physicality to counter the U.S. team. One of Norway's 24 fouls resulted in a penalty kick for Hamm which was saved by the Norwegian goalkeeper. [76] [76] After the U.S. was defeated 3–0 by Germany in the semi-finals, [77] the team defeated Canada 3–1 to secure a third-place finish. [78]

2004: 158th international goal and Athens Olympics

During a friendly game against Australia on July 21, 2004, Hamm scored her 158th international goal setting the record for most international goals scored by any player in the world, male or female. She held the world record until Abby Wambach scored her 159th goal on June 20, 2013. [79] The Australia match also marked Hamm's 259th international appearance; only two of her teammates, Kristine Lilly and Christie Rampone, have played in more international games. [80]

Hamm helped lead the U.S. national team to its second gold medal at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens and was selected by her fellow Olympians to carry the American flag at the closing ceremony. [81] During the team's first group stage match against Greece, Hamm served the cross to Shannon Boxx's game-opening goal, [82] and scored the last goal of the match to lift the U.S. to a 3–0 win. [82] During a 2–0 win over Brazil in the second group stage match, Hamm converted a penalty kick for the opening goal. [83] The U.S. finished at the top of Group C with seven points after a 1–1 draw against Australia to advance to the quarter-finals, [84] where they defeated Japan 2–1. [85] During the semi-final match against Germany, Hamm served an assist to Heather O'Reilly who scored in overtime to secure a 2–1 win. [86] The U.S. faced Brazil for a second time at the Games in the gold medal match and won 2–1 in overtime. [87] Her teammates swarmed Hamm after the final whistle to celebrate their second Olympic gold medal and her final win at the Olympics. [87] The game marked the last Olympic appearance for the five remaining players who had helped win the inaugural 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup: Hamm, Julie Foudy, Joy Fawcett, Brandi Chastain, and Kristine Lilly (often referred to as the Fab Five). [87]

Matches and goals scored at World Cup and Olympic tournaments

Hamm competed as a member of the United States national soccer team in four FIFA Women's World Cup tournaments: the inaugural 1991 in China, 1995 in Sweden, as well as 1999 and 2003 in the United States. She competed at three Summer Olympic Games: 1996 in Atlanta, 2000 in Sydney, and 2004 in Athens. All together, she played in 38 matches and scored 13 goals at seven top international tournaments. [88] With her teammates, Hamm finished third at two World Cup tournaments in 1995 and 2003, second at the 2000 Olympics, and first at the four other international tournaments.

Key (expand for notes on “world cup and olympic goals”)
LocationGeographic location of the venue where the competition occurred
LineupStart – played entire match
on minute (off player) – substituted on at the minute indicated, and player was substituted off at the same time

off minute (on player) – substituted off at the minute indicated, and player was substituted on at the same time
( c ) – captain

MinThe minute in the match the goal was scored. For list that include caps, blank indicates played in the match but did not score a goal.
Assist/passThe ball was passed by the player, which assisted in scoring the goal. This column depends on the availability and source of this information.
penalty or pkGoal scored on penalty-kick which was awarded due to foul by opponent. (Goals scored in penalty-shoot-out, at the end of a tied match after extra-time, are not included.)
ScoreThe match score after the goal was scored.
ResultThe final score.

W – match was won
L – match was lost to opponent
D – match was drawn
(W) – penalty-shoot-out was won after a drawn match
(L) – penalty-shoot-out was lost after a drawn match

aetThe score at the end of extra-time; the match was tied at the end of 90' regulation
pso Penalty-shoot-out score shown in parenthesis; the match was tied at the end of extra-time
Orange background color – Olympic women's football tournament
Blue background color – FIFA women's world cup final tournament
GoalMatchDateLocationOpponentLineupMinScoreResultCompetition
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup Final
1
1
1991-11-17 [m 1] Panyu Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Start623–0

3–2 W

Group stage
2
2
1991-11-19 [m 2] Panyu Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Start635–0

5–0 W

Group stage
3
1991-11-21 [m 3] Foshan Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

on 41' (off Jennings)

3–0 W

Group stage
4
1991-11-24 [m 4] Foshan Flag of Chinese Taipei (FIFA).svg  Chinese Taipei Start

7–0 W

Quarter-final
5
1991-11-27 [m 5] Guangzhou Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Start

5–2 W

Semi-final
6
1991-11-30 [m 6] Guangzhou Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Start

2–1 W

Final
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 1995 FIFA Women's World Cup Final
3
7
1995-06-06 [m 7] Gävle Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR Start513–1

3–3 D

Group stage
8
1995-06-08 [m 8] Gävle Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Start

2–0 W

Group stage
9
1995-06-10 [m 9] Helsingborg Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Start

4–1 W

Group stage
10
1995-06-13 [m 10] Gävle Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

off 61' (on Keller)

4–0 W

Quarter-final
11
1995-06-15 [m 11] Västerås Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Start

0–1 L

Semi-final
4
12
1995-06-17 [m 12] Gävle Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR Start552–0

2–0 W

Third place match
Flag of the United States.svg Atlanta 1996 Olympic Women's Football Tournament
5
13
1996-07-21 [m 13] Orlando Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark

off 75' (on Gabarra)

412–0

3–0 W

Group stage
14
1996-07-23 [m 14] Orlando Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden

off 85' (on Gabarra)

2–1 W

Group stage
15
1996-07-28 [m 15] Athens Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Start

2–1aet W

Semi-final
16
1996-08-01 [m 16] Athens Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR

off 89' (on Gabarra)

2–1 W

Gold medal match
Flag of the United States.svg USA 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup
6
17
1999-06-19 [m 17] E Rutherford Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark

off 88' (on Fair)

171–0

3–0 W

Group stage
7
18
1999-06-24 [m 18] Chicago Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria

off 57' (on MacMillan)

202–1

7–1 W

Group stage
19
1999-06-27 [m 19] Boston Flag of North Korea.svg  Korea DPR

off 85' (on Milbrett)

3–0 W

Group stage
20
1999-07-01 [m 20] Washington Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Start

3–2 W

Quarter-final
21
1999-07-04 [m 21] San FranciscoFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

off 85' (on Fair)

2–0 W

Semi-final
22
1999-07-10 [m 22] Los AngelesFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR Start

0–0(pso 5–4) (W)

Final
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Sydney 2000 Olympic Women's Football Tournament
8
23
2000-09-14 [m 23] Melbourne Flag of Norway.svg  Norway

off 70' (on Parlow)

242–0

2–0 W

Group stage
24
2000-09-17 [m 24] Melbourne Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR Start

1–1 D

Group stage
25
2000-09-20 [m 25] Melbourne Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria

off 70' (on Parlow)

3–1 W

Group stage
9
26
2000-09-24 [m 26] Canberra Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

off 79' (on Parlow)

601–0

1–0 W

Group stage
27
2000-09-28 [m 27] Sydney Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Start

2–3aet L

Gold medal match
Flag of the United States.svg USA 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup
28
2003-09-21 [m 28] Washington Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Start

3–1 W

Group stage
10
29
2003-09-25 [m 29] Philadelphia Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria Start6 pk1–0

5–0 W

Group stage
11
122–0
30
2003-10-01 [m 30] Foxborough Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Start

1–0 W

Quarter-final
31
2003-10-05 [m 31] Portland Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Start

0–3 L

Semi-final
32
2003-10-11 [m 32] Carson Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Start

3–1 W

Third place match
Flag of Greece.svg Athens 2004 Olympic Women's Football Tournament
12
33
2004-08-11 [m 33] Heraklion Flag of Greece.svg  Greece Start823–0

3–0 W

Group stage
13
34
2004-08-14 [m 34] Thessaloniki Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Start581–0

2–0 W

Group stage
35
2004-08-17 [m 35] Thessaloniki Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia

off 67' (on Tarpley)

1–1 D

Group stage
36
2004-08-20 [m 36] Thessaloniki Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Start

2–1 W

Quarter-final
37
2004-08-23 [m 37] Heraklion Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Start

2–1aet W

Semi-final
38
2004-08-26 [m 38] Piraeus Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Start

2–1aet W

Gold medal match

Club

Washington Freedom, 2001–2003

In 2001, Hamm was a founding player in the first professional women's soccer league in the United States, the Women's United Soccer Association (WUSA), and played for the Washington Freedom from 2001–2003. [89] Throughout the league's history, Hamm was hailed as the star of the league and used heavily in marketing and promotion. In a poll of 1,000 advertising executives conducted in 2001, she was voted "the most appealing female athlete", garnering almost twice as many votes as the runner-up Anna Kournikova. [90]

During the league's inaugural match between the Freedom and Bay Area CyberRays at RFK Stadium in Washington, D.C., Hamm was fouled in the penalty area resulting in a penalty kick that her teammate Pretinha converted to mark the first goal scored in the league. The Freedom won 1–0. [91] In addition to the 34,148 fans in attendance being greater than any MLS game that weekend, the Turner Network Television (TNT) broadcast reached 393,087 households: more than two MLS games broadcast on ESPN and ESPN2. [92] Playing as a midfielder and forward, Hamm played in 19 of the Freedom's 21 matches during the 2001 season. [93] She led the team in goals (6) and assists (4). [93] The Freedom finished in seventh place during the regular season with a 6–12–3 record. [93]

Hamm suffered a knee injury in November 2001 that kept her off the pitch for several months of early 2002. [63] [94] Despite playing only half the 2002 season with the Freedom, she finished the season with eight goals. [63] The team finished in third place during the 2002 season with a 11–5–5 record and advanced to the playoffs. [95] After winning the semi-final against the Philadelphia Charge 1–0, the team was defeated 3–2 by the Carolina Courage in the 2002 WUSA Founders Cup. [3] Hamm scored the Freedom's second goal in the 64th minute. [96]

During the 2003 season, Hamm started in 16 of the 19 games in which she played. Her 11 goals ranked second on the team behind Abby Wambach's 13 while her 11 assists ranked first. [97] The Freedom finished in fourth place during the regular season with a 9–8–4 record and secured a berth in the playoffs. [98] Hamm finished her club career as a WUSA champion when the Freedom defeated the Atlanta Beat 2-1 in overtime to win the Founders Cup on August 24, 2003. [99]

Retirement

On May 14, 2004, Hamm announced her retirement effective after the 2004 Athens Olympics. [100] [101] Following the 2004 Olympics, Hamm and her teammates played in a 10-game farewell tour in the United States. [102] [103] The final match of the tour against Mexico at the Home Depot Center in Carson, California, on December 8, 2004, marked the final international match for Hamm, Julie Foudy, and Joy Fawcett. The U.S. defeated Mexico 5–0 and Hamm assisted on two of the goals. [102]

Hamm retired at age 32 with a record 158 international goals. [104] She and teammates Foudy and Fawcett were honored with a pre-game ceremony where they were presented with framed jerseys and roses in front of 15,549 fans at Home Depot Center in Carson, California. [102] During the 5–0 win against Mexico, Hamm provided the assist on the first two goals. [102] Following her retirement, Hamm's #9 jersey was inherited by midfielder Heather O'Reilly. [105]

Honors and awards

"My coach said I ran like a girl, I said if he could run a little faster he could too."

—Mia Hamm [106]

Hamm was named Sportswoman of the Year by the Women's Sports Foundation in 1997 and 1999. [107] In June 1999, Nike named the largest building on their corporate campus after Hamm. [108] In December 2000, Hamm was named one of the top three female soccer players of the twentieth century in the FIFA Female Player of the Century Award, finishing behind only Sun Wen and compatriot Michelle Akers. [109]

In March 2004, Hamm and former U.S. teammate Michelle Akers were the only two women and Americans named to the FIFA 100, a list of the 125 greatest living soccer players, selected by Pelé and commissioned by FIFA for the organization's 100th anniversary. [110] Other accolades include being elected U.S. Soccer Female Athlete of the Year five years in a row from 1994 to 1998, [111] and winning three ESPY awards including Soccer Player of the Year and Female Athlete of the Year. [10]

In 2006 Hamm was inducted into the Alabama Sports Hall of Fame, followed by the Texas Sports Hall of Fame on March 11, 2008. [112] [113] In 2007, during her first year of eligibility, Hamm was selected for induction into the National Soccer Hall of Fame. In 2008, an image of her silhouette was used in the logo for the second professional women's soccer league in the United States: Women's Professional Soccer. [114] ESPN named her the greatest female athlete in 2012. [115]

In 2013, Hamm became the first woman inducted into the World Football Hall of Fame, located in Pachuca, Mexico. [116] She was named to U.S. Soccer's USWNT All-Time Best XI in December 2013. [117] In 2014, Hamm was named one of ESPNW's Impact 25; [118] she was also the recipient of the Golden Foot Legends Award. [119]

For their first match of March 2019, the women of the United States women's national soccer team each wore a jersey with the name of a woman they were honoring on the back; Samantha Mewis chose the name of Hamm. [120]

Championships

YearTeamChampionship/Medal
1989 North Carolina Tar Heels NCAA National Champion
1990North Carolina Tar HeelsNCAA National Champion
1991 United States FIFA World Cup Champion
1992North Carolina Tar HeelsNCAA National Champion
1993North Carolina Tar HeelsNCAA National Champion
1995United States FIFA World Cup Third place
1996United States Olympic Gold
1999United States FIFA World Cup Champion
2000United States Olympic Silver
2003 Washington Freedom WUSA Founder's Cup Champion
2003United States FIFA World Cup Third place
2004United States Olympic Gold

Style of play

Regarded as one of the greatest women soccer players of all time, [121] [122] [123] [124] Hamm was an athletic, dynamic, and technically gifted striker, renowned for her speed, skill, footwork, stamina, and ability on the ball, as well as her consistency. [123] [125] [11] [126] An excellent, agile dribbler, she was highly regarded for her control, as well as her grace, pace, and elegance in possession. [88] [125] [127] [128] A prolific goalscorer, she was known for her powerful and accurate striking ability, although she was also a creative and hard-working forward, and a team player, who was equally capable of assisting many goals for her teammates, due to her accurate passing, and was also willing to aid her teammates defensively when possession was lost. [121] [123] [124] [125] [129] She was capable of playing in any offensive position. [127]

Personal life

Hamm with husband Nomar Garciaparra, 2010 Nomar Garciaparra Mia Hamm IMG 9534 (4308082305).jpg
Hamm with husband Nomar Garciaparra, 2010

Hamm was first married to her college sweetheart Christiaan Corry, a United States Marine Corps helicopter pilot; they divorced in 2001 after being married six years. [130] [131] [132] She married then-Boston Red Sox shortstop Nomar Garciaparra on November 22, 2003, in Goleta, California, in a ceremony attended by a few hundred guests. [132] [133] On March 27, 2007, Hamm gave birth to twin girls, Grace Isabella and Ava Caroline. Though born five weeks early, [134] each girl weighed over 5 pounds (2.3 kg) at birth. [135] The couple had a son, named Garrett Anthony, in January 2012. [136]

Philanthropy

In 1999, Hamm founded the Mia Hamm Foundation following the death of her adopted brother Garrett in 1997 from complications of aplastic anemia, a rare blood disease he had endured for ten years. [11] [137] [138] Dedicated to promoting awareness of and raising funds for families in need of a bone marrow or cord blood transplant, the foundation encourages people to register in the national bone marrow registry and provides funds to UNC Health Care and Children's Hospital Los Angeles. It also focuses on creating opportunities to empower women through sport. [139] Hamm hosts an annual celebrity soccer game in Los Angeles to support the foundation. [140]

Hamm signing an autograph, 2006 Mia Hamm signing an autograph.jpg
Hamm signing an autograph, 2006

Hamm has been called the most marketable female athlete of her generation. [139] During her time as an international soccer player, she signed endorsement deals with Gatorade, Nike, Dreyer's Ice Cream, Pepsi, Nabisco, Fleet Bank, Earthgrains, and Powerbar. [141] [11] [142] Hamm was featured on a Wheaties box following the 1999 World Cup and endorsed the first Soccer Barbie by Mattel. [63] [143] She co-starred with Michael Jordan in a popular television commercial for Gatorade which featured the two athletes competing against each other in a variety of sports while the song Anything You Can Do (I Can Do Better) is heard. The commercial ends with Hamm throwing Jordan to the ground in a judo match. [144] In 1997, she starred in a popular commercial for Pert Plus. [145] In 2000, the video game, Mia Hamm Soccer 64 was released for Nintendo 64. [146] It was the first game to feature female athletes only and sold a "relatively high" 42,886 copies in the United States. [146]

Hamm was featured on the covers of Sports Illustrated , [147] Time , [148] and People . [149] She has made appearances on numerous television shows, including: Late Night with David Letterman , [150] The Rosie O'Donnell Show , [151] The Tonight Show with Jay Leno , [152] Today , [153] Extreme Makeover: Home Edition , [154] Good Morning America , [63] [155] and The Oprah Winfrey Show . [156] She was profiled in ESPN's SportsCentury and Biography documentaries, [157] [158] ESPN 25: Who's #1?, [159] and was featured in Once in a Lifetime: The Extraordinary Story of the New York Cosmos . [160] In 2005, she was featured in the HBO documentary Dare to Dream: The Story of the U.S. Women's Soccer Team . [161] Her likeness was used in the logo of Women's Professional Soccer, the second women's professional soccer league in the United States. [63] Hamm was mentioned on a season eight episode of the TV series Friends . When Rachel had Joey put his hand on her belly, she says, "Aw, it's unbelievable! Wow! She is kicking so much! Oh, she's like, um, who's that kind of annoying girl soccer player?" Joey asks, "Mia Hamm?" Rachel says, "Mia Hamm!". [162]

Other work

Hamm (second from left), with members of the United States delegation at the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup Final in Vancouver, Canada US delegation at 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup Final at BC Place 2015-07-05 (1).jpg
Hamm (second from left), with members of the United States delegation at the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup Final in Vancouver, Canada

Hamm is a global ambassador for FC Barcelona. [140] [163] She is the author of the national bestseller Go For the Goal: A Champion's Guide to Winning in Soccer and Life and juvenile fiction book Winners Never Quit. [164]

In 2012, after Pia Sundhage's departure as head coach of the national team, Hamm joined Danielle Slaton and Sunil Gulati as a member of the search committee for Sundhage's successor. [165] [166] In 2014, she was named to the board of the National Soccer Hall of Fame. [167]

In October 2014, Hamm was announced as a co-owner of the future Major League Soccer team, Los Angeles FC. [168] The same month, Hamm joined the board of directors of Serie A club A.S. Roma, owned by American investors. [169] Hamm joined Vice President Joe Biden and Second Lady Jill Biden as members of the United States delegation at the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup Final in Vancouver, Canada. [170]

See also

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Match reports

  1. "FIFA Women's World Cup China PR 1991: Match Report: Sweden – USA". FIFA.
  2. "FIFA Women's World Cup China PR 1991: Match Report: Brazil – USA". FIFA.
  3. "FIFA Women's World Cup China PR 1991: Match Report: Japan – USA". FIFA.
  4. "FIFA Women's World Cup China PR 1991: Match Report: USA – Chinese Taipei". FIFA.
  5. "FIFA Women's World Cup China PR 1991: Match Report: Germany – USA". FIFA.
  6. "FIFA Women's World Cup China PR 1991: Match Report: Norway – USA". FIFA.
  7. "FIFA Women's World Cup Sweden 1995: Match Report: USA – China PR". FIFA.
  8. "FIFA Women's World Cup Sweden 1995: Match Report: USA – Denmark". FIFA.
  9. "FIFA Women's World Cup Sweden 1995: Match Report: USA – Australia". FIFA.
  10. "FIFA Women's World Cup Sweden 1995: Match Report: Japan – USA". FIFA.
  11. "FIFA Women's World Cup Sweden 1995: Match Report: USA – Norway". FIFA.
  12. "FIFA Women's World Cup Sweden 1995: Match Report: China PR – USA". FIFA.
  13. "Olympic Football Tournaments Atlanta 1996 – Women: Match Report: USA – Denmark". FIFA.
  14. "Olympic Football Tournaments Atlanta 1996 – Women: Match Report: USA – Sweden". FIFA.
  15. "Olympic Football Tournaments Atlanta 1996 – Women: Match Report: Norway – USA". FIFA.
  16. "Olympic Football Tournaments Atlanta 1996 – Women: Match Report: China PR – USA". FIFA.
  17. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 1999: Match Report: USA – Denmark". FIFA.
  18. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 1999: Match Report: USA – Nigeria". FIFA.
  19. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 1999: Match Report: USA – Korea DPR". FIFA.
  20. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 1999: Match Report: USA – Germany". FIFA.
  21. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 1999: Match Report: USA – Brazil". FIFA.
  22. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 1999: Match Report: USA – China PR". FIFA.
  23. "Olympic Football Tournaments Sydney 2000 – Women: Match Report: USA – Norway". FIFA.
  24. "Olympic Football Tournaments Sydney 2000 – Women: Match Report: USA – China PR". FIFA.
  25. "Olympic Football Tournaments Sydney 2000 – Women: Match Report: USA – Nigeria". FIFA.
  26. "Olympic Football Tournaments Sydney 2000 – Women: Match Report: USA – Brazil". FIFA.
  27. "Olympic Football Tournaments Sydney 2000 – Women: Match Report: Norway – USA". FIFA.
  28. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 2003: Match Report: USA – Sweden". FIFA.
  29. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 2003: Match Report: USA – Nigeria". FIFA.
  30. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 2003: Match Report: USA – Norway". FIFA.
  31. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 2003: Match Report: USA – Germany". FIFA.
  32. "FIFA Women's World Cup USA 2003: Match Report: USA – Canada". FIFA.
  33. "Olympic Football Tournaments Athens 2004 – Women: Match Report: Greece – USA". FIFA.
  34. "Olympic Football Tournaments Athens 2004 – Women: Match Report: USA – Brazil". FIFA.
  35. "Olympic Football Tournaments Athens 2004 – Women: Match Report: USA – Australia". FIFA.
  36. "Olympic Football Tournaments Athens 2004 – Women: Match Report: USA – Japan". FIFA.
  37. "Olympic Football Tournaments Athens 2004 – Women: Match Report: USA – Germany". FIFA.
  38. "Olympic Football Tournaments Athens 2004 – Women: Match Report: USA – Brazil". FIFA.